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^ Vi\S M0\T]ILY 

-^ G A Z i ^ E 






American H'lUtntntt, S^dntt, »nb %ti. 


• • • * • 


.• .. - • •-•• 


«. P. PUTNAM & CO., 10 PARK PLACE.' 



> according to Act of Oongren, In the jear 1854, hj 
In the Clerk*! Office of the District Oourt for the Southern District of New-Toilc 

Panmai akd BruMrm, 


10 Tarh Plaet, Dt€9mb§r 1, 1854. 

With the present Number, ends the Fourth Volume, and the second 
year of PutnanCs Monthly. 

In commencing the undertaking, the Publishers were fully aware 
that in a time of immense intellectual activity, and in a country of 
great and various literary rivalry, where, in the absence of an interna- 
lional copyright, the choicest works of the best foreign genius are to 
be had for the taking, the task was not easy, of founding and sustain- 
mg a Magazine, at once universal in its sympathies, and national in its 

The continued and increasing favor with which the Monthly has been 
received, is the best possible proof that the task has been in some 
degree fulfilled. 

It was certainly impossible, with any just regard to the necessary 
diflferences of thought in a country like ours, to avoid all censure in the 
conduct of the Magazine, because it was not possible, with an equal 
regard for the liberty of the author, and the good sense of the reader, 
to trim every article to a certain level. Yet, both in the choice of 
topics, and in their treatment, the Publishers are confident that no 
thoughtful man has found anything unjustly partisan, since both sides 
of all the important social, moral, and political questions which have 
been discussed in these pages have had an equal chance, and an impar- 
tial consideration. 

The New Volume of the Magazine commences under the best possi- 
ble auspices. Its position is now assured. Two years have demon- 
strated the extent of its circle of friends, and that circle is constantly 
widening. The Magazine has not only the sympathy, but the actual 


Omtenti of Vol IV. 

TL— Thij Mil tft Om ■wI of BatUriE*!; and after- 
vards Ffgfai Um Bilp-of-War Drake— Th« Bzpcdi- 
fion that Balled from Qroiz-^lwy Flf ht the 
flerairie. 69S 

Ih thk Lank 610 

Jewish Chmktxet atNkwpoet 80 

Last Pokt Out 213 

LioHTHiNo-EoD Man 131 


Lost onk Found 330 

Living in the Countet 619* 

Kan— Is Man One oe Mant 100 

Kaeian in bee Cell. 262 

Mr Husband's MoTBBE 206 

ItKS. HAon^iruit's BitL 660 

If ATUEAi. Diplomatists. 104 

ItfEixiB Watc&iMo. 387 


Notes veox itt Knapsaox. 

Ho. ▼.— TVadeis^-J^piYe Asierleaii^— Tehleolar 
(hrlodlg^-Ohoreli Int e rrleir— Q rand MUltary DU- 
pUjAo. 91 

Cue PartieiI and Politxos 233 

''OuE Parties AND Politics"— A South- 

eenee's View of the Subject 633 

]^aintee*s poetfolio 357 

PicoxeoaN 36 

Slu'eautt of Worlds 503 


Literature of England in the 
MiDDLt A«S8 378 

Peairie Letters — Trail of the Lost 
Child 291 

pROPEE Spbsrs of Men — A Letter 


... MiNDto" 305 

Palinode 570 

PowEBs' Grebe Slate 666 


and Substantives. 472 

Rambles ovee the Bealms of Veebs 

AND Substantives (Seoond Paper) 602 
Bepeoof— The Beplt 433 


Shadow; The 421 

Smithsonian Institute 121 

Some Western Birds 75 

Songs that Nevee were Sung 290 

Spiritual Materialism 158 

Stage Coach Stories (Concluded) . . . 175 

<St. Anthony's Falls 35 

Stoet of an Opeba Singee 512 

Sea 666 

Tmanxsgiving .....421 

Three Gannets 536 

Tme Violet 29 

ToLtea 173 

Tbip feom Chihuahua to Siebba 

Madeb 106 

The Art of Eating 581 

To mt Heebaeium 632 

Titbo»tom*s Speotaclbs 64'9 

Vespers /. 536 

Wall Street — A Brobdionaoian look 

AT it 31 

Waterino-Place Worries 551 

Weeder, The 304 

West Point and Cadet Life i92 

Wilds of Noethern New Tobx 263 

Wood Notes 185 

" The Foebsiv-Thx Lake 247 

WiNDBAEP, The 56d 

Tanxbe Diogenes 483 

Tobxtown ih 1854. 87 


Aturiean LUeratw, 

Avalanche of Female Anthor»— Oookerv Books 
—Mrs. QlaM-Min Leilie-The Master's 
Hoaee, by logan—Benton'i Thtrtj Tears* 
▼lew— Capron*! Hiatory of OaUforala— Bar- 
gent's Standard Reader— Photographic Views 
of Bgjpt — ^Hammond's nills, Lakes, and Forest 
Scenes— Oammings' Scripture Beadlncs— The 
Tent a9d the Altar— Baker's School Mosio-* 
Falconer's Poems— Poea» of Samnel Rofers— 
Greece and' the Oolden Horn— Protestant 
Ohoreh fn Utanf ary 110 

Ford's HlstOfgr of IHlnoIs— Mrs. Stephen'! Faah- 
ion anjl FStnlne— Arnold's PhUovophical His- 
tori of Free-Mafonry— Abraham Mflls's Poets 
and PoeCrr of Andent Greece— Atherton— 
Ufa snd its Ataii— Protestantism In Paris— 
Repttes f6 the fdllpee of Faith— The Money- 
Maker-:))isq!Oiirf^ of Ablet Abbot iirer- 
moi I Wakjt 6t the Formation of OpInloDap- 

Address at AaUochOo U if ■ ■yard tA|8o(f*s 

Joomey to Central AfHoa—MOes's RamMes in 

- loeland. * tt8 

Na^Motn, or Reef-Rorinff In the Sooth Seas— 
Ballou's History of Cuba— Dr. Elder's Peri- 
■eoplos— Moore's Sncydopfodia of Mosio— 
Bfr. Bungay's Olf-takings and Crayon Sketehes 
—The Youth of Jefferson— Bertha and Lily, by 
Mrs. S. Cakes Smith— Hoppln's Notes of a 
Theologioal Student— Professor Koeppen's 
Wortd of the Middle Ages. ... 451 
Apoeatastasis, or, Progress Backwards— Captain 
Oanot's Twenty Tear's of African Stavery— 
Utos of the Chief JnsUcee of the United 
s/ States— Party Leaders— Whittier's Literary 
Recreations— Baskenrille's Translations of 
the German Poets— Hermit's Dell— Slmms's 
Soooi— Raymond's Rochester Address — Gan 

Scholar— Bfards of the BiMs— AfiraJa— Fredot's 
Modem History— The AbbA S6gur^s Short and 

(den, or Piotoree of Cuba— Shakspeare's 

- - - ^ -"*)ls— AfiraJa— Fredot'i 

»M S6gur*s Shoi 
FamUlar Answers Old Redstone— I 
and Mebraska— Irans* and Dickeraone* Books 

OontenU of Vol IV. 


Mahu, Wtytani and HIekoek*! 
jfatoyhyitet atMwmr't Orgaale ChrisUaoltj 
— TiM Drmmatte Worka of Beaomont and 
ftelclMr— Tajlor*t Poema of the Orient— Biy- 
aat't Pot an Napoleon, his Ooart and Family 
— FaraUcs of the New Tcataroent— Tha Bt- 
aeots of Characteff^-OomUi*t PhilooophT— 
MlM Oooper*s Rhjmo aod Eeaaon of the 
Ooaatry— The KolckeilMcker Oallery— Oains 
b7 the Wajrtlde— Ulj Gordon, the Toung 
BoMckoeper— Mr*. 8oathworth*t Loft Heirets 
—The Weatmintter Ravlew't Notlot of Mrs. 
8lMr«*t floanr MeoMriea— Ljttrla . MT 

MUprmi9 and JWtr EditionM, 

GhOda' Edition of the Poemt of Sir 

•r Social 

Thomas Wyatt, the Earl of Borrev aod Tho- 
Maa Campbell— Eedfleld*s Edition of the Noetea 
Ambroslaom, wlUi Dr. klaekeosle*! N o t aa 
Vm^H IdlOon of llaasey*s Pocma. . 4U 

IL English LUerature, 

Oava^s Theory of Homan R f Ofre ss lon B cm an ti 
Bial Bdenca— Talfoord's Literary Ra- 
to Vacation Ramblea— 
Pr. Lee*s Last Days of the Emperor Alexaa- 
dcr aod the First Days of Nicholaa-IvaD 
OoloTln^ Nations of Russia and Tarfcey- la- 
atitatioos of 8t. Pttersburf — Talfoard*s Oas- 
tillaa— Dr. Waacen's Treasorca of Art In 
«real Britain— New Works In Um EncUsh 
Praoa— The Workinf Women of tiie last Half 
Ocatary— Balwer*s New Novel— History of 
BMlaod In RhyoM— Dr. 8olcar*s Stotas Sys- 
tam of Enrope— Phemie M Ular. . Ill 

Tke Plarality of Worlds— Sir Darid Brtwstar— 
WhewvU— Memorials of Amelia Opie— Alison's 
History of Borope—Constantiitopio— Russian 
Chmpaigna In Turkey- Barker*s New Transla- 
tion of the niad— Oeosehtaf«r*s Corregfio— 
Baa 8llck*i Americans at Home— Reoent Rn- 
gUsk Norala-Mra. Oowdaa OUrke'a Iran 

llM OolpmiMir— Anbrcj^- 
Ooonterparta, or the Cross of Love— Nanetii 
and her LoTora— RadoUflSi'ft Frianda, Ohotfta, 
andSpritea. SM 

Lord lfahon*s History of England— M%|or Aa- 
drd*s Capture and Rzscution— Erronaoas 
▼lews of his Condemnation- His Judges Vln- 
dlcatad— Patmore*! Friands and Acquaint- 
ancea—Hailitt*s Manners. . . . 4M 

Bohn's Publications— Professor Maurice's Eeda- , 
siastkal History of t^.e First and Second Ce»- ' 
turles— Fenerbaeh't Easanca of Christianity 
A Memoir of the Life aod Soienti&o Researcnas 
of John Daltoo-^lnringism and Mormonism 
tasted by Scripture — Professor Aosted^ 
Scenery, Science, and Art— Alnsworth*s FUtah 
of Baoon— Wilkie Collina* Hide and Seab— 
Han nay *s SatirisU MB 

Roger's English Prisoner la Roaala— The la- 
giah PobUshlng Trade— Autobiography of 
WBuJay. in 

in. French LUerature. 

Arago^ Memoirs and Wet ti A History of 
Turkey, by Laosartiae— OeoAney St. HUalra^ 
Natural Utotory— Oriental Works in the 
French Press lit 

Aoudee PIchort's Charles Qolnt— Les Mormona 
Life of Joseph Bonaparte— M. Orasset and 
J. J. Ronsseso— Lamar tins'! Memoirs cf 
Oelebratad Characters Cosssoks of the 

IV. Fine Arte, 

Raskin's Lectaree In Idlnkorgh— 4)nlzotle at- 
tacks on Greek Architecture— Pre- Raphad- 
Itlsm— Raskin wanted In New York— Stones 
of Venlee~What Man ahauld epend their 
■Mney for, Ac ttl 

The New Tortt Aeadeosy of Maslo-Grisi and 
Mario— Lentae's New Plotiura of Washlngtoa 
at the Battte of Menmauth. ... Oil 


ne aathor of the " PonraAa PAraas."— (GEO. WM. CURTIS.) 
The aaU»or of ti>e ** VisiOKa or HAnB88B.»'-<BAYARD TAYLOR.) 
The aaUior of "Swallow BAaa."— (Hon. JOHN P. KRNNRDY.) 
ne aathor of "Ooa Naw PaBBi]»aT.''-<PARKE GODWIN.) 
The anther of "Monwain JooBiiia.'*-<J. RU8BBLL LOWELL.) 


VOL IV.— JULY. 1S54.— NO. XIX 


m^ffftf if J^BwWW^ 

IT it not our fl^1)i«et^ m notkhi^ ihfs 
iiDpartant work, to 011 tor upon any 
cxkwkd cntlcMm of iti mcriU and do- 
fmU^ Volh oC wliicli ftre obripui enough] 
aer lo imderUlc* to ««ttlt tb« eontroferay 
!■ vbkli it rtkUfli but Bimjily to of- 
Jnii lo fcia cofiteotjtf with such inctdc^n- 
Ul rrttifflcii A» inaj oortir Ui us in Ute 
e<MBVi of thtt ffv?kw. It tfl ftn origiiiil, 
J uidf wi tniv Mv, quite revo- 
r pr«iiiitAtk>n of 1X3- \mjmyiX sub- 
Jmiiand «« oir* it to the iitithm^ la well 
M to our ivftdcn, mhsfm mrt trjf lo ke«p 
ioi«w«d 0f all tho l«adiaf motoiiiiatt to 
Um world of h^^Mx% to mftka ionia fslmic' 
IBMI of tJio nitojfie tnd bouing of its u-- 

It« |||Rio«l iMtrport, ftn4 tJuit of \Xm 
mnmu urti, ■» both bait dcgeribed 
to «lii ooni^IHa litl«L wbidi ntni in tbk 
wiM: *^!^rpet of Manlitodi or etlino- 
\ opon ibi? (in- 
inp^ neulptor^ 
f fusML Slid upon tb«ir naturil, 

toiTa itoiintod bv mI«« the 

miBMMJMIV of SJLMirti Mim- 

inn, U. u* Alto Pitsukknt t^f tbt? Aca^lviujr 

of KiSsnl Sriffftff^ «« Pbil«dd(iluft), and 
bjr adililioiial ^ nii from Prof, 

r ' T'- ^ IT - ! M. D. By 

, iuimvii^ i . ♦>. %.^mj«4ii m < -airo/* it 

I Ibftt w aiv oSEm»d ntber a 

of iiib}«iTU IS well as 

to ifrijr o 

F^t in roipooi to Uie ongin and 

I « the btunni raod% mcimllf 

1 both ligr Ihiolesiaiii aiid mm l^ 

idenee, in that which dcrfres thi i 
▼aricty of nations now on the globe fioiii 
tlMj ,\dam and Ki*e of Genesis, or ralher 
fhxn Noah and hJJi ihroc sons, Shem, 
Ham and Japhet, who wito Rnved frotu 
tie deluge, in which all ttie i^hI of man* 
kind perished, and i^ich, aa the oommon 
chronaiogj «aitiiiiatet it, oocutred in the 
16o0th jrw of th« world, w 234B yi»ars be- 
fore the btrth of Chnut It a^iiui^*R that 
the statements of 5fo^s are irimple TiiKtor- 
ioilftcts, an'l that all the diiitinctlve iliifer* 
enoea which wc at thi^ day obserTe among 
the djlferent Ikmiliea of men, are the resulta 
not of an original diversity «stabliahod bj 
tho OFsator, at the lime of the respecttva 
appearanoes of those famities upon tbi 
globe, but of climate, food^ babita of life^ 
cif^ihsation, inli^marriaget and oth«r ox- 
tcmal agencies, which haro mnco hecTii 
and for ccnturicsj at work* The Cauc*- 
iian, the Malay^ the Afnerican^ the No- 
gro, the Atongoi in ahnrt^ all the tribSi 
of the earth aw held to bo the litiPttl de* 
SLiendantit of Noah, or at f^irthest of Adam \ 
and it Ih inferred, consi^quenUy, that they 
all liclong to the sama species at Weil as 
to the iwnie g«nu8 of aniinalsL 

llio^ ^ho rnaiiitoln Una theoij ttsi 
their arguments Hl^bllf Opon the wofda 
of Seripture, thou^ tbn^ aidianrof to ooi^ 
firm it by many impitmta oonsldenyoiis 
drawn fVom the aoakgie* of naloiml ad- 
moe, fit>tn the afUnitiKi of langiiagn, (No 
the remarkable traditions of Tarioiiii peo* 
11] Sf and from tha autbentb reoorda of 
hiatory. Nearly all the Oliristiao iwcti, 
hc»w manifold and oonEietuig soeirer tlieir 
mlsrpi«tationa of Scriplitro in otbar f»- 
, are f^ngularljt unanrmous im, mt^ 
I thai tbi drat book of Moan 
i tbo ktentieal origin of tba htamm 
fftfio: mwljr all tha »otl mlimt ack 


li Man One or Manyt 


entists, lingnists and philosopher^ such 
as Ilumboldt, Cuvicr, Buffon, Adelung, 
Schlcgel, Bluraenbach. Prichard, Ac., adopt 
the same view on the grounds of science 5 
while, it is remarked, that the {H^oat ma- 
jority of civilized men have practically ac- 
knowledged the unity of the races by 
an amalgamation, which lias scarcely leit 
an unmixed race among them. 

But in the face of these authorities, the 
authors before us, assisted by Agassiz and 
Morton, and sustained by several distin- 
guished naturalists in England, France 
and Germany, have founded a new school 
of Ethnology, which they called the Ame- 
rican school, and which flatly denies every 
fundamental proposition of the accredited 
theory. They say that all mankind did 
not descend from a single head, whether 
Noah or Adam ; that the several human 
races are specifically distinct ; that no ex- 
ternal causes with which we are acquaint- 
ed are sufficient to account for the exist- 
ing differences of human species ; and that 
this primordial and continued diversity is 
amply proved by physiological science, by 
the differences of languages, by the nu- 
merous traditions of the tribes, and by 
the monuments and other evidences of an- 
tiquity. A more positive and direct oppo- 
sition, then, than that which subsists 
between these two classes of inquirers, 
oannot well be conceived. They are at 
swords' points on the main issue, and on 
all the subordinate lines of evidence by 
which that issue is attempted to be sus- 

We shall give an acccmnt of the results 
we have gathered from the leading arga- 
ments on each side, but shall firet pre- 
mise a word or two, in regard to the use 
of Scripture in the controversy. Dr. 
Smyth, of Charleston, in his work on the 
'* Unity of the Human Races," takes the 
ground that the testimony of the Bible is 
80 peremptory and positive, as to the 
'^origin" of men, tliat it ought to put .an 
end to all controversy on the subject If it 
is once clearly revealed, he argues, by the 
unerring word of Qod, that all mankind 
are the descendants of Adam, there are 
no demonstrations of science that ought 
to be allowed to wrest our faith from 
that fact, or, indeed, which can be applied 
at all to the determination of the ques- 
tion. It becomes, exclusively, a religious 
verity, not resting in the least upon in- 
ductive reasonings, but upon the pure 
affirmation of the Holy Spirit. '* No 
man,-' he remarks, ** can deny this doc- 
trine, while he reoMTts Um Bible as hav- 

ing been, in all its contents, arranged, or- 
dered and directed by a superintending 
Wisdom, which, either directly communi- 
cated its statements, or, when their truths 
were otherwise known, preserved the in- 
spired iRTiters from all error in their 
compilation and presentation." " The 
unity of the human races, for which we 
earnestly contend," he adds, " is the iden- 
tical origin of all mankind, originally from 
Adam and Eve, and subsequently from 

Noah and his sons " 

*' This question is fairly and 

legitimately a Scriptural one. It is plain- 
ly beyond the discovery of reason. It 
lies in regions to which the clue of history 
ofl'ers no guide. It is immeasurably be- 
yond the reach of inductive investigation. 
The facts we cannot discover. Reason- 
ing upon these facts, and conclusions 
founded upon that reasoning, we cannot 
make. The appeal must, therefore, be 
made to testimony, and that testimony 
must be divine. And if this testimony 
exists, then our belief in the original unity 
of the human races is, — like our belief in 
the certain immortality of the human soul 
in a state of hap^ness, or misery, in all 
the doctrines of the Bible^ and in the orig- 
inal creation out of nothmg of the earth 
itself^ — an exercise of faith, abd not a con- 
viction produced by science."* 

Dr. Smyth, however, attempts to distin- 
guish this aspect of the question, namely, 
that which relates to " origin," from an- 
other aspect, which relates to the actual 
diversities of existing races ; or to the ex- 
tent and nature of their differences ; to the 
possibility of accounting for them by nat- 
ural and existing causes ; to their proper 
classification as varieties of a single spe- 
cies ; or as the several species of a single 
genus ; and finally, as to whether in the 
case of any particular tribe resembling 
man, such as the Dokos, &c, they are or 
are not to be admitted under the genus or 
the species Aomo, or are to be classed in 
some lower t>rder. All the latter ques- 
tions, he says, are questions of science, 
which fall within the knowledge of our 
minds, by observation, experiment or tes- 
timony, whether from the domain of his- 
tory or philosophy. The questran of ori- 
gin is therefore entirely distinct fh>ni the 
question of specific unity. *' The former is 
a question of fact, to be decided by histo- 
rical evidence, but the latter is a question 
of scientific observation and induction. 
^The quostkm of origin," he continues, 
^can be determined only by the evidence 
of Scripture; history, tradition, language, 

• VBiigr«rat 



li Jtffen Om or Mimy^f 

litT U* lh« laifiil irit] h^nrt of .lU tni>ni 

[94 W tiio»e cntom wbkb iir<* employ* 
I til lA fiic iii« dflidlkatlQa of otb<?r ani- 

Tlii« diftinrtm m & dp«r ami ynlirl f^rtt?, 
lo ihm rxtml m whiirh it divjfles thc^ Sri* 

[kI«wI oqcAtik* of ihij htiitmn 

^ if ill iboMi fftcU fif dril history And ar- 
ifgr wbkb htrc a Wfiriti^ upon tho 
ftlid |ibyiiic&t piH^ilartrit'g of the 
I rmtiLyi, uuMi thftir (Mirly hornert, 
^iMr mi 'tieir iiitcrWcndlnijs, 

(ftfti ihmm Ktit *fi Dr. Smyth 

) tion of **ori|rin" 

If i i pf ltK •« K« Ki»Yt|i(>Ki«s : fcir if it Ik; 

: wixn 



irl yet 

L' Cltl 

i and 

I tit\y or H r nn uf 

Wi bot w* M' the 

<lf llii% f ix.« h«jir i»rn con hi bo 

et prhn^rrlTtil ^p'Hf**^, ntjd yet tho 

imimiM ;« of ficitcteo 

, cod Uik iur{]lAJn« hitt lirst error^ 
llkft ifuiwlirm of Lhff fpiniyaJ ori{;tto of 
Hi^ villi ih« q4it&Uitii of hi« n^iUirftl or 
alork |e«ti»t«. Now, the fomi^r i« 
ttrlv « ^ttB»tion, which. i( it is to b* re- 
Ifcd It ill, iDtui bv rvMilrcd by rt!f«li»- 
M. benuiM tiM iM^ltM of the race, hk<» 
I i^ tW mdiviJidiAl. ftulv iiiti hiit-k to 

by firoi 
nor iHp Hmit n: 
litfifi fines a KUpcni r 

il ecji ha 

mhI to 

Vet, an 

laui unj rrmefubDr all thai occtirr«d 
I h/m, aAer bltft iaAuMryi aiirl tiwy itifiv, 
of bJM dpT^Jop- 


int'fit, his pmiinmt* n^, the ntition lo 
uhicb h*.' iK'loiif^M, HTid fit}j<*r fm't-^ of his 
cxfitriijiitTe : so A race miiy arrive at a 
proximate? cojicl usion a^ tt> the time atid 
pJtice* of its app'nranw (ijwjii earthy Mid to 
fl iTrtuiii eon V lotion of the tnoro irnporUnt 
t hiuirrcfi which it bus sinw uitcl4}rjfi»it& 
Ihit thi! I[|it«*r inqiiiry is ohvbusl^^ a pm- 
t'Titilif or nnttirnl i>nt\ Ihooj^h it cjiimot by 
wiy fu^jioM cutty iis furtlitn- hjick tlj:*n tl>« 
priod whcro vt^ritfthlx* history tctuiinates 
b VBgtic triwiilion (iml niytholoK)'* 

'[ Sl, i»!nr>inE:- iktu! ^< ti'TitipU have made % 
^ ' 'IS to ufi. hi not mif- 

ii' .■ the rw^itcotivi? do- 

tn&nm t*f jscicjicif anfi rtvidalion, in their 
ethnithj^ri^^J^l ifi(]tiiiio9. The former, re- 
gardm^f the *Scriptiirca a» ivu lb wit 11 tiro 
t'Tidciik^ on questions of mituntl ot'iuur- 
i^nce, iiave cndeuvon-d to conform all thd 
Si*ii5ncwi to a strict litrral rntcrpTctulioii 
of thfin, while the biter, fijrtfd by tiu- 
nicraus discrc'pimcicjtj hjiT© i*nK'lnime<l 
tliotse inii^rpretnlion* of Scrip tiire en- 
linfly iniideqijiiti?, nnd tbaruff^re fiilse* 
Thu«i Dr, Sruyth^ on the ii»tht*rity of 
Gcfitisk, leijierU that all m^n ha to de- 
scended from Xoah, and tlmt the difibr- 
eiK'es we note nriionj* tbiTn, in r^i^itrd to 
rmo, are the msultsof oKtenml iidbiencea 
to which they hnn mn^ Um\ DxpoEied. 
But Dr. Nott^ on the other hiini], imgorts, 
Qti tb« authoriLy of the K^^^-ptiAH |)$o- 
turus and cbronnlfi^^v, that tho races ts^ 
bibitt^ tJif: '^ rt^nfX'K in ihv tiDM 

of Noah^ ail lore it, wbii^i thejf 

do now. and Umt ibLttfortJ t*xttrn4il inda^ 
em%'% har^* bad littli? or no dlbct in ppo- 
dudfif ibitn. Their |K)HiUonH, U will Im 
19611, m rwiioally hoKlit(>, and irn?cuii- 
CtUbte, tipon the irrounds of filhw, If 
Stnyth he right Nijti is h rone, or if Xott 
h^ Mgbtf tSui^th ia wroo^. (J rant the 
theory of Siiiyth^ and Nott*** brstorit'al 
ffli^tn must he mi^t&kcx, or )^rHnt tlie ibo- 
ory of Nott, and 8myth^?^ intci prestation 
of Gi'tic^Miti i^ rifi^n^'nift^ Wc do not njT 
here, wht^ihi^r of Ih** two ij« right, but OB» 
1v tli^t tioth of thcin f^niiot \h-^ miltm 
sro may be iiopj>osc»d to prov« oni 
iind N^Jvncv an opjKiiiite thingi ajui 
UjLh hv i«q«iaHy eorn*»^t, wbieh in A^nmrd, 

We can, however, n«to iUvm^ pi.'ntl«nwi| 
■ liflienltiot, and prvftiTV^? 8rr(p* 

afi Scwtice intact by am^ther 
vR-;v t>i rno niiitr ^1 >tni*timis« 

takrn. I^t u«i imsti^ Ikm 

rv-'"'*-" ■■*''-■■■■ ■ ■■■! ajid 

t! -, to 

CU1,.-.,L„™ ^,,.i ,^- , ,, --^^, • .. .iiod«' 

of roveJelidQf iod to r^tt to two rattn- 

■ U«»r^tlMlla 

BiHNv tr; Tlhointi Hajrtii. a D., papB »L 

li Man Oni or Manyf 


I7 distinct classes of troths. The latter 
we will call a revelation of truth in the 
natural sphere, or that sphere of life 
which is conditioned in time and space, 
and is the appropriate object of what is 
termed Science ; but the former we will 
call the revelation of truths which are 
above nature, relating wholly to the infi- 
nite interests of men, or to principles not 
conditioned in time and space, and only 
to be spiritually discerned. May it not 
be possible on this supposition then, that 
the Word is constructed in such a way as 
not to deal at all with mere natural 
events for their own sake, but to employ 
them exclusively as the means or vehi- 
cles of a higher truth ? May it not be 
that, when it speaks of the creation and 
experience of Adam, it may shadow forth 
the spiritual genesis and development not 
only of an entire primitive race, but of 
man universally, both individual and col- 
lective ; or that, when it describes the de- 
struction of an entire globe, with all its in- 
habitants, by water, may it not borrow 
from the phenomena of a deluge, the terms 
in which to express its sense of some vast- 
er spiritual catastrophe ? But, would it be 
right to allege in that case the literal sense 
of these references to natural facts and 
events, in the determination of a question 
of science ? If the primary and exclusive 
objects of the Word are spiritual, and not 
at all scientific, can we with any proprie- 
ty use it as a ground of scientific evidence, 
without doing violence to its character? 
Would not its Uteral meanings be simply 
incidental, and not conclusive, in reference 
to any natural subject ? We confess that 
such is our view of the matter, having 
found it dimly anticipated by Origen, SC 
Augustine, St. Jerome, and others of the 
early Christian fathers, though it is no- 
where luminously treated except by Swe- 

As this, however, is not the place for 
any explanations of theology, and as we 
are not empowered to impose any special 
tenets upon the readers of a literary peri- 
odical, let us quote a confirmatory para- 
graph from one of the most sagacious and 
eminent literary men of the day, who is 
at the same time an orthodox Episcopa- 
lian. De Quincey, in his essay on Pro- 
testantism, rcmarKs : 

**It is an obligation resting upon the 
Bible, if it is to be consistent with itself, 
that it should refiac to teach science ; ana 
if the Bible ever had taught any one art) 
science, or process of life, capital doubts 
would have clouded cor oonfidenoe in the 
authority of the book. By what caprice, 
it would haye been asked, is a dirine r '^ 

sion abandoned suddenly for a human 
mission? By what caprice is this one 
sdence taught, and others not ? Or these 
two, suppose, and not all ? But an ob- 
jection, even deadlier, would have folio w« 
ed. It is clear as is the purpose of day- 
light, that the whole body of the arts and 
sciences composes one vast machinery for 
the irritation and development of the hu- 
man intellect. For this end they exist 
To see God therefore, descending into the 
arena of science, and contending, as it 
were, for his own prizes, by teaching 
science in the Bible, would be to see him 
intercepting from their self-evident desti- 
nation (viz., man's intellectual benefit), 
his own problems by solving them him- 
self. No spectacle could more dishonor 
the divine idea. The Bible must no^ 
teach any thing that man can teach him 
self. Does the doctrine require a reve- 
lation ? — then nobody but God can teach 
it Docs it require none ? — then in what- 
ever case God has qualified man to do a 
thing for himself, he has in that very 
qualification silently laid an injunction 
upon man to do it^ by giving the power.'* 
Thus we may see, that if Revelation 
were any thing less than a disclosure of 
principles to which human reason is in- 
competent (though not unable to perceive 
their supreme rationality when once dis- 
closed), if it attempted to reveal what was 
clearly within the constitutional range of 
the human mind, or, in other words, if it 
had come to teach us the natural sciences, 
it would be, instead of the most benignant 
gift of God to us, one of the most fatal 
and pernicious instruments of our degra- 
dation. Discharging man from his re- 
sponsibility to inquire for himself into the 
mysteries of the world about him, it would 
serve to keep him in his original infantile 
condition, a mere slavering dependent of 
the Deity, or the cowering slave of all the 
tyrannies of nature. It is through the 
exercise of his reason, on the facts of his 
existence, that man developes his higher 
powers, acquires knowledge, and overcomes 
the natural obstructions and limitations 
of his existence. He is, indeed, only the 
true man to the extent in which he has 
made himself master of his circumstances, 
by his own free will, or in accordance with 
the dictates of his internal life. Should 
he be exempted, therefore, from this ne- 
cessity of self-instruction or development, 
in any sphere to which he was competent 
by tfaie direot intervention of God, he would 
be robbed so iar forth of his prerogative. 
Ha would be relegated back to his child- 
hood, and m all certamty, become the 
flagrant dii^graoe and accuser ^ Yob too 


Jft Man Om or Manyf 

Miilgiiit hthtT, imtQa4 of his twsitest 
mthtm mnd intinitehouor* We sre, thei«- 
iv«» decidodljr of tho »mo oonrKition 
wick Ih Qutiiccjf tbjit the Bible wsts not 
ilnritnril (o lisacJ tru through n oouri^c^ of 
fk» iul«tnl KOPtm^s,. but ihttUU ruiRaiOQ& 
Wtm IIm iTTftlAlkm of tltnt jfiipcnmturDl 
acotto wy hj vh^rJi niiu is rinleciucil from 
■fi, Mpnoomtfiuli And ooiiitDim«d « m^in- 

doei of i» u ire af this miodf do 
a0l ^pndftto tb« cild Jewish 8criptar(?»^ 
liMnfnnii m Ihe hbtartral docuuienU of 
m nmwmtik^tre ar chosen nmtion, in 
m^ttm^^mmri"^ fy^^-v ^tym to u^ to be ks 
lyva ho V iro venerable i 

CbrwtaaA tr 
wliidilifti U 

very dofeivuco to 
' m the Interest of 
the jtifanibilit^r 

I to I Infill in thit 
juhes only to their 

jatarku or rtJigu^ uj> aicon i up. Ah HMKirUa 
^rvvnt*. ftlli^^l to K«T& l^kon |>imco ia 
Ibtafttii ! in Iheir iillusiaog 

|9 Qalv we muKt re^rd 

tfem Iti ' ' " should 

niptfdAi irLlanti- 

foaftf •oar^i M ..,-,:1j there 

Mi Inothffi mbolical Kig- 

w'lfftt^ft "**{^' ' ' ' iEi]<' to their 

liliv. TiMir iff ^ 1 tticised 

noiii w^jthtbe 
it text^, £uch 
r infitAtJoe, or 
I I S, tliey are In 

I iii4yalriuui»l}' r^-c uik'^i, a ad porg- 
Ib* gloMBS aD'i the errors of iiiis^ 
of the deej^r ho- 
wtrt U VbA oootonli, tlliui oihor writings ; 
Ml ilMir Ifttar dcrivoii its valot* from ihg 
frilpMf m^MsHM it Teildf and not I ho 
latigi! rr — *- " ^*rb it \%mf^y and which are 
flubonlir lo l«tUrcan IwTiiiulD to 

AMngMA U I II mi-^l IHTklNl (If'i Jui'l iniLK. 


tit L kri^'Mtuly 
A truth of thcMi* 
i^» dtfdant thtl all 
iilanCa of a singles 

^ ■" »)€- 

■ n* 
, . I ifralifw 

icference^ not to the life and de-*tiny of* 
itngle tnao, bat to thai of the nia%l an* 
dent and |?ni&ltiTe peofple* whom God 
placed n|xiia this globe, whom he su8taiu(«d 
in a direct and nuraoidoiiA manner^ wlien 
the whole physiieal condition of tha world 
was quite ditliTfnt from whiit it hns IxH^n 
arncief or is at |>n?^»nt, and to u hich tha 
tradvtion;* of nearly all nations ftfurj ui 
thfir Ool<i<?n or Paradisiaoil a^. 

What thfii, are the le^»' • • ■' i> 

as to the actual di^itineliui i 

r^\iK and as tu th*? paKt pLrj^ iuh y <.t i n^^ 
di*.tinct»ous ? Thisi is tlit* Fcientitic qm>i*- 
tjon to be answci'L'd, now that we have 
^t theology in it^ proper place* 

It i^i t'stniiHttii I hat there are nine bim- 
dred millions of living bvin^son the, earth, 
who are called human, becanso, though jxi&- 
geeemg tome cliaracttri^tioa ctmimon to 
the animals, they are most ckarly nntl un* 
miintakahly dpttingtiished from animals, 
both in roiipcct to what tbej have in wm- 
mon, and in rvspect to eertain qoidilits in 
which they are cmiDCotly superior aiii 1 (k- 
cuhar» 8omH philosophers havtj pn-'tuiidinl 
to see in thtj lower kinds of hiim^ni^t xatf 
close afhii ' ' "u>nkeys and oorani^ 
uutan^N,, L ve there has not yet 

iHjtmany \^ j...^r m neftdy allied to 

those unhappy looking individual himjielf, 
as not to be able to tell that a man w^is a 
man at the ftn^t fright. The lowefst A Ifonan 
or Guinea ^^c^ro, widely remove<i an he U 
in a|>pQarfttiaa, ot^ganiKm and mind, from 
a ShakosMM^ or « Waiihin^ton, u atdl 
more widely removed from Chimpanzcoj 
haR Nltll a more intimate fdlowshif) with 
Shakespeare and Washington than he ba3 
with Chimpanzee. It Is po&Mhlo^ by a 
stretch of the imajjfination, to coned vo 
thiit in the la(i?!e of agt^w, bu might become 
a com f ►an ion of Shakespeare or Wawbinif* 
ton, by a ^simple, though almost prodi* 

- ri. vi.i-M..,f.nt, in debtee, of the tjiwJi* 

■ >w him to po^wfts ; but it 
. . 1 ^ L _> conceivH tSint ('hmi|tan^oo 

should ixtvjme the e^^nal of a Gmijpa No- 
gro^ by any eontinuoua development of 
what ho haSf utid ODlf by a changi» in 
kind. It is a mttttr ^ tiiore or le8A l>&- 
twijen the Ne^ro and the iupar&noat Can- 
cudan ; bit I iMrtwc^c^n Chimpanvw and lh# 
K<>gro, it i r of life itv! ' ^ r 

ofana(K.v MUmtwn -x 

to entire tum^niisLiuion. In orJi r wnni!*, 
« man is a man al) tho world overj 
and nowhere a monkey or a hip|KH 
potftTOua, and whaUwer hi*i rank m th« 
ioale of humact beni^^ I«»' l< v\iUi\vA ui 
tntxy oonakienitka} '. ^ 

tci man, aa af|iarat< l, 

bat) or any oiXwr croataro that ap^QAra 

It Man One or Manyt 


to be makin}^ a wonderful effort towards 
his standard. This point is admitted on 
all hands, and maj be set aside as estab- 

Thc^ humans, a^in, are spread orer 
every part of the globe where it is possible 
for theni to Hyc at all, from the extreme 
north where mercury freezes, to the ex- 
treme tropics where ether boils ; on the 
tops of mountains, in almost impenetrable 
forests, amid sandy deserts, on coral reefs, 
and the remotest islands of the seas. 
With the exception of a few small islets, 
wherever man has been able to travel, 
either in ancient times, when the methods 
of locomotion were few and slow, or in 
modem eras, when he has borrowed the 
lungs of the fish and the wings of the bird, 
he has encountered his brother man ; he 
has encountered him, too, not as a new 
comer there, but as an old and quite reg- 
ular inhabitant of the district, both well 
adapted to its conditions of climate, heat, 
moisture, vegetation, ^., and actually in 
love with the place. The Esquimaux who 
lives on train-oil in the midst of perpetual 
snow, clings with pertinacity to his icy 
home ; the genial and balmy air of the 
temperate climes solicits the African from 
his blistering tropics in vain, — the Mongol 
of China, from the earliest centuries, has 
steadily refused to mingle with other na- 
tions, either to receive them or to go out 
among them ; and only the hand of the 
conquering invader has been able to 
drive the American Indian, wanderer and 
hunter as he is, from the burial-place of 
his fathers. A traveller from Italy to 
Sweden, in the direct lino now would pass 
through the same nations and tribes as he 
would have done in the days of the Csesars, 
or of Romulus and Remus. Thus, local 
fixity, repugnance to foreigners, and a ve- 
hement clinging to localities, which tra- 
dition, remains, habits of life, grave-stones, 
and monuments, conspire to teach him 
were the homes of his ancestors, have al- 
ways been prominent attributes of man, 
and above all of primitive or semi- barba- 
rous and savage people. Indeed, it is 
worthy of note, that they are immobile, 
Just in the degree in which they are abo- 
riginal and undeveloped, while as we as- 
cend the line of civilization, either con- 
temporaneous in space, or successive in 
time, we find them to become more and 
more mercurial, friendly, active, and cos- 
mopolitan. The Malay, the Ethiopian and 
the Polynesian lives for the most part, 
now, where he was first known, and the 
Caucasian only, whose superiority in lhi% 
if nothing more, is evidenti has shown 
himself a dtizen of tiiegtobe^ going wher- 

ever there is water to float him, or land or 
snow on which to wa^k. 

There are no two individuals of these nine 
hundred million humans, precisely alike ; 
and hardly two groups of a dozen or more 
members each, in which something pecu' 
liar may not be discerned. They vary 
in color, almost through thA prismatic 
scale ; they differ in hair, eyes, nose, skull, 
pelvis and foot ; they speak in languages 
that are quite as numerous as the visible 
stars; and their modes of existence are 
indescribably various. Some subsist on 
snakes, worms, and roots. ; others eat their 
grandfathers as a favor to them and ser- 
vice to God ; while others have three hun- 
dred and sixty-five methods of cooking a 
potato. Some live on trees; others in 
caves ; others partly on land and partly on 
water; and others in palaces, which are 
store-houses of the most sumptuous lux- 
uries. Some do not -travel sixty miles 
in the whole course of their existence; 
while others are able to go two or three 
hundred miles every day if they choose. 
One is brutal, vicious, and fiendish ; 
another refined and virtuous: one is 
proud, haughty, and given to strike ; an- 
other is gentle, patient, and submissive : 
one is grave and incommunicative ; another 
is mirthful and loquacious : one is clear 
in perception, slow in reasoning, and firm 
to execute ; while another cannot count 
ten, or go in when it rains, or free his 
head of a perpetual burr of falsehoods 
and lies: one worships a stone as his 
God, and another the infinite Father and 
Lord : — in short, wherever wo look, we be- 
hold only endless variety, unceasing con- 
trast, and an apparent inextricable confu- 
sion of life ! 

But vast as this diversity is in so 
many respects, we discover in it, as in 
other organized realms, a law of method 
and order. We note resemblances among 
them, which enable us to gather them 
into groups — first, as families related 
by ties of consanguinity ; next, as tribes 
related by remoter ties of the same sort ; 
then as races, having certain qualities in 
common ; and finally, as stocks, or typical 
races, in which these qualities find their 
fullest and highest expression. The num- 
ber of distinguishable races has not, that 
we are aware of, been estimated ; but as 
Adelung enumerates over three thousand 
distinct lan^ages, besides a variety of 
dialects, it is safe to assume that there 
are quite as many races. B u t of the typi- 
cal races or stocks, to which these may 
be reduced, the enameratran has varied 
from one to siztjr-three. Metam divided 
I into two divisknui ; Moses, or the wii- 


/t Man One or lianyf 

ter of Genesis, Carier, Jacquinot, VareT. 
Latham, Smith, Ac, into three ; the <Ma 
Ef^ptians and Kant, into four ; Blumen- 
bftch, into five; BuflTon, into six ; Hunter, 
into seTen ; Agassiz, into eipht ; Picker- 
inc. into eleven ; Bury St Vincent, into 
HAeen ; Desmoulina into sixteen ; Mor- 
ton, into twenty-two; Fourier, into thirty- 
two ; and Luke Burke, into sixty-three. 
These dififerenccs, however, arise from the 
arbitrary nature of the classifications 
adopted, one considering as primary what 
another considers secondary, or tertiary, 
and one arranging by one or two traitSj 
Rich as the hair, tlie lacial angle, the co- 
lor of the skin, or the form of the head, 
while others arrange according to many 
traits, anatomical, physiologic^, geogra- 
phical and intellectual. 

A few specimens of these attempts at 
scientific distribution will show us at once 
the nature of their agreements and differ- 
ences, and may not be valueless in other 

**Ccvi£R divides man into three stocks, 
Caucasian, Mongole or Altaic, and Nc- 
^a ; he refers the American to the Mon- 
golian stock. 

^ Fischer divides man into Homo Ja- 
pcticus; U. Neptunianus; H. Scythicua 
(Mongols); H. Americanus (Patagoni- 
am^) ; II. Columbicus (Americans) ; IL 
Ethiopicus ; and II. Polynosius. 

" Ll^on divides man into the White 
Racv ; Dusky lUcc, including Hindoos, 
Catfrariaiis. Papuans, and Australians; 
Omn.jt-coloTt'U Race, the Malay ; Yellouf 
Bace. the Mongolian. Oceanic and South 
American; Jirl H'jlcc. the Caribs, and 
North Americans ; and the BUick Race. 

- D I- MtK I L proposes the divisions, Cau- 
canan, Hyperborean, Mongole, American, 
Malav, and Ethiopian. 

*"\'iaET divides man into two speciee : 
thejitst, with facial angle of 85^ to 90'-^, 
including tlie white race (Caucanian), the 
yellow race (Mon;:olian), and the copper- 
culored nice (American) ; the strand^ 
with facial angle 75 ' to K2^, including 
the dark brown race (Malay), the black 
race, and the blackiuh race (Hottentots 
and l'apua8). 

*• Di^MOL'LiNs' sections are Cclto- 
Scyth- Arabs ; Mougoles ; Ethiopians ; 
Euro-Africans; Austro- African* ; Ma- 
lays; Papuan; Negro Oceanians; Aus- 
tnilasianri ; Columbians and Americans. 

*" BoRT DC St. Vincent makes fifteen 
^viaioDS — races with straight hair, of 

the Old World ; Tiz., Homo Japeticus ;* 
H. Arabicus ; H. Indious ; H. Scythicos 
(Tartars) ; H. Sinicus (Chinese) ; H. 
Hyp^boireus ; H. Neptunianus ; II. Aus- 
tralasicus ; — in the New World, H. Co- 
lumbicus (North Americans) ; H. Ame- 
ricanus (South Americans) ; II. Patigo- 
nicus — negro races ; II. iEthiopicus ; H. 
Caffer; II. MeUvinus Hn Madagascar, 
Fiji Islands, Van Diemen^s land) ; and H. 

^Mr. Martin divides mankind into 
Jive stocks, as follows : 

^' 1. Japktic Stock ; including the 
Eurojytan branch, or the Celtic, Pelaa- 
gic, Teutonic and Sclavonic nations ; — 
the Asiatic branch, or the Tartaric, Can- 
casic, Semitic rArabs, Jews, kc,\ and 
Sanscritic or Hindoo nations ; and the 
African branch, or the Mizraimic (ancient 
j^gyptians, Abyssinians, Berbers, and Gu- 
anches) nations. 

"2. Neptunian Stock; including the 
Malays proper, and the Polynesians ; (in- 
cluding, perhaps, among the last, the 
founders of the Peruvian and Mexican 

^3. MoNGOLE Stock, including Mon- 
goles and Hyperboreans. 

"4. Prognathous Stock, includins 
the Afro-Negro, Hottentot, Papuan, and 
Alfourou branches. 

** 5. Occidental Stock, including Co- 
lumbians (North American Indians), 
South Americans, and Patagoniaas. 

**Dr. PicKERiNct observes, in his 
first chapter, that, in the United States, 
three races of men are admitted to exist, 
and the same three races ' have been 
considered, by eminent naturalists (who, 
however, have not travelled), to com- 
prise all the varieties of the human 
family.' He continues, ^ I have seen in 
all eleven races of men ; and though I 
am hardly prepared to fix a positive 
limit to their number, I confess, after 
having vi^uted so many diflfereut parts of 
the globe, that I am at a loss where to 
look for others.' He enumerates them 
in the order of their complexion, begin- 
ning with the lightest. 

"A. — White. Including, 1. Aror 
bian ; with nose prominent, lips thin, 
beard abundant, and hair st might ana 
flowing. 2. Abyssinian; with a com- 
plexion liardly becoming florid, nose 
prominent, and hair crisped. 

" B. — Brown. Including, 3. Afon- 
golian ; beardless, with perfectly straight 

• TIm Bmm of Ifan. mi4 tb«lr OeofrftphkMl DUUIbation ; bj CbarlM rickerln^ M. D. Botton, IMa. 
[C. ft. Kspkirlnf ExpcdtUuo.] 

t Vvt In ftUiMton to J«ph«t, tb« wd of Moah, but to Jftpttot (aodax Jap«tl irenni, Horaot), wbom tb« «a> 
SUmS^ wfwiwl M Ike itugvalturof tb« ran tahibitlm tb« waiUro nfioiu of tb« world. 


It 3f<m One or Manyt 


and Tcnr long bur. 4. Hottentot^ with 
Negro features, and doee woolly hair, 
and stature diminutive. 5. Malay ; fea- 
tures not prominent in the profile ; com- 
plexion darker than in preceding races, 
and hair straight and flowing. 

" C. — Blackish Brown. Including, 
6. Papuan; with features not promi- 
nent in the profile, the beard abundant, 
skin harsh to the touch, and the hair 
crisped or frizzled. 7. Negrillo; ap- 
parently beardless ; stature diminutive, 
features approaching those of the Negro, 
and the hair woolly. 8. Indian or 7'e- 
lingan ; with features approaching those 
of the Arabian, and the hair straight and 
flowing. 9. Ethiopian ; with complex- 
ion and features mtermediate between 
those of the Telingan and Negro, and the 
hair crisped. 

" D. — Black. — Including, 10. Aus- 
tralian ; with Negro features, but with 
straight or flowing hair. 11. Negro; 
with close woolly hair, nose much flat- 
tened, and lips very thick." 

A more convenient distribution for 
the organic kingdoms than any other, 
we thmk, is into what may be callca 
" Groups and Scries," or groups of groups, 
and scries of series, marking the groups 
by qualities which are the most general 
and simple, and ascending from these to 
qualities which are more complex and 
particular, for the successive series. But 
it will be important, in any effective 
method, to separate also in each group, 
and each series, several peculiar groups. 
1st, the Capital or Head Groups ; 2dly, 
the Transitional Groups, which connect 
the more regular groups ; and 3dly, ab- 
normal or exceptional groups, whose re- 
lations are not constant but accidental. 
Our space will not allow us to describe 
this arrangement at length, but we may 
illustrate it briefly, by referring to the 
usual distributions of an army. Sup- 
posing it to consist of^ say twenty-four 
regiments, each subdivided into compa- 
nies, platoons, &c, we shall have also 1st, 
the General-in-Chief and his Staff, com- 
posed of the principal officers of each 
regiment, who are the Head or Type ; 2d. 
the Aid-de-Camps, who are transitional 
between the Generals and the line, and 
the Commissariat, who are transitional 
between the line and external parties ; 
and 3d, the musicians, suttlers, ac., who 
connected with the army, and yet having 
nothing to do with its cnief function, of 
fighting, are only exceptional members. 
But these are suggestions by the way. 

We have xemuked the great diversity 
of human raoea^ and the duflBcnlty luita- 

ralists exx)erienoe in their attempts to 
reduce them into a scientific order ; but 
we have now to remark that the difficul- 
ty does not arise from frequent or arbi- 
trary changes in the character of the 
races themselves. There is reason to 
believe that their leading types, their 
predominant qualities, have not changed, 
since the earh'est recorded times. The 
precise distinctions which it is so easy to 
make now, between the Negroes, the Mon- 
gols, the Europeans, &c., prevailed four or 
five or six thousand years ago, — as far 
back, indeed, as the history of man ex- 
tends, even up to those Adamic or Golden 
ages, which are known to us, if at all, 
only by vague tradition or the earliest 
revelation. We can trace by means of 
the older literature, by picture-writings, 
and by the monuments of Egypt partic- 
ularly, fifteen or sixteen races, which wo 
recognize as such at this day, to the com- 
mon era of the deluge, and some of them to 
a period nearly a Uiousand years earlier. 
Adopting the shortest chronology of the 
Egyptologists, we shall still find in the 
pyramids, the heads and faces of Arabs, 
Canaanitcs, Nubians, Assyrians, Tartars, 
Hindoos, Thracians, lonians, Lybians, 
Lydians, Abyssinians and Negroes, who 
were contemporaries with Solomon at 
least, and, if we adopt the longer chronolo- 
gy, contemporary some with Abraham and 
some with Noah, and some with the 
literal Adam. Tne Egyptians, as our 
readers are aware, from the very earliest 
time of which vestiges remain, viz., the 
third and fourth dynasties ^tbe latter 
3893 B. c. according to Lepsius), were 
accustomed to decorate their temples, 
royal and private tombs, &c, with paint- 
ings and sculptures of historical charac- 
ters and events, and that voluminous, 
though interrupted series of such hiero- 
glyphical monuments and papyri, are 
preserved to this day. These sculptures 
and paintings, says Dr. Nott, yield us in- 
numerable portraits, not only of Egyp- 
tians themselves, but also of a vast num- 
ber of foreign people, with whom they 
held intercourse, through wars or com- 
merce. They have portrayed their allies, 
their enemies, their captives, their ser- 
vants and slaves ; and we possess, there- 
fore, faithful delineations of most, if not 
all, the African and Asiatic races, known 
to the Egyptians 3500 years ago, — races 
which are recognized as identical with 
those that occupy the same countries at 
the present time. Thus, to give a few 
illustrationeL in the celebrated scene of 
the tomb oi Setimeneptha L commonly 
oalled Belzcnii's tomb^ which to referred 

/t ifaii One m Mtmy f 

> lb XIX th Jjoi^tj, 1500 1, c, (or, 

iggffgi^ *.. r^ .1.. ' 'Ml B.C.), we have 

iMMii thftt ihe Hgvp- 

,jiM inii4 ... ^T' ^**'""?nij*hic 

•TittH, In «r)i .4 hu- 

IMI^^, IlttV e hoen 

laovn T. unct nic**, 

lh» Red, . rk utiH tho 

iryitUaoi^ ^, 

or iaiBfidQilh , ^, 

It T» pn ^ <Cll te Uic id;*i«i \Ui\k^ €oi! ducting 
illliiffi jwrpomtp^js ^'^cli four of whom 
ife ifionatc*tAbrj of i dtstiadt type of 

•r ^km BaoS| par iwreUenrt^ etinUuns 
fiy llMg ; 111* sccfind, cjUM Nam(7, 
l«r JtQoir, li m Aniatic gr-oup; the 
• lyra, allied KwBU. *«r black, ig Ncpr^* ; 

iBd Ul* iMirthf c^lle^l TiMHT% or white. 

li m gfMlli cf wtiAt if generally tf rnvei! 

JftnljrtJ^ t:.T ra',ira.«]!UX tvpc.f. In pOr- 

II til flielftD dynasty 
i, w* have ftratureA 
4if fkr^ri. Jcwi&h Semitic, Nu- 

bian, «jia : r^ ; jind, from other 

tDoottiEy. ' tLirty varieties 

ij^Caxica i«c efwxibs range 

Vturrsi Uic UiiriLiUtb and scventwiith 

From t bo X H tl* dy liasty ( which €k>sc d 
S12I a. c-X t^-pdituj (nvus nutsit rolls I'vi- 
dtrtiasi of fc|n I ■ * ' Tv*^ Apiati<^B, 

K*i;t^j** aud t" ! i •«. A mong 

lh«tn u thr fiuiit'M - ^ . . <x| . ... Uvirty-scvcn 
fgwmtt^*^ hy Njmc &upp<>»ed t*^ repru- 

J° AKmiIkiIM Tn Fi 

pt, t>r 



till dynasty 

f PUTS por* 

<Ut IVtii d>iiai;- 

^ Um R, r., we 

L4U' I4;. 
Whirh ii 

csjnntati^Q tif 
mtitft ft^frr or . 
U proprr to * 

to llic true eiircirv > 
f«aiam4,«rhid) wr 
gr itn wn a^lmt/t* 

[ lilbtiah b not ^ 
Ptya yC tbi» liiaUA^n 
> l%« vamp ftiT fofir ' 

id, ^ 


. / tlw 

Yet 13 the jreogmphicft] knowledpt «7f th# 
E^y ptiauM m net Ha v«i bee it ' " - ■ - ■ \ p|>Q» ., 
IjnLly to gmal! parta of A i and f 

KuropL< oiily^ wc Imve a ri^^ i , . ,..,,.. a that 
Um? naCionK tinknowu to thetn. but of | 
whose existent* wc bate <>ther mfortna^l 
tirni, such as tliofe of China^ Austral fa. I 
Northern and Western Aflla, Europe ana 
Atncrica, exhibited the wime must diverti' 
ty, and have retained the same fundamea* 
taf permnnencc of type.* 

The flaioe con elusion is largely ootifirm*] 
ed by the mmiberleBH riiR<?s talteii Iroml 
the tomhg of Etruria, by the pictorial de-1 
lineatioua of the Chinese annnU^ by th# 
antique sciitptures of India, by the vener- 
able ruini of Ninovnh, and t>y «hc undated 
tftbleta uf IVtii, Yucatan and Mes-ica, il|.| 
which, though found ki hx^dilies, far te-l 
moved from each other in spacc^ and (Vna | 
n& in time^ the distinctive charactcHslits ( 
of hiiEn?iii mix% lis Alorton obsiervt-s^ iiri> j 
so accurately depicted m t^o enable im, for j 
the mo^t part^ to dii&linguish them at m I 
glance- The history of the Jews, who, for j 
BO many cent uHcfl scattered over the earth| | 
yet retdn the features of their remote an* 
ceMora, m well as of the Mwljtrs in Hun- | 
g^ry, the Basiitie^ in S\mxi^ the fiypfilea 
m n«.arly all nation^j the AuEtraiians and j 
the Americffln Indiaui, are striking illu»*i| 
trationg of national continuity, under op- 
poiiing circ urns timers ; and it U quite im* 
pij^tble to read the earlier reconls of any 
nations, or to lie ten to their traditione^ \ 
without being imnrea&ed by the muUitndff ' 
and diversity of the tribes which are dim* 
1y discerned to figure in their eaj-hcr da^^ n- 
Wai^H ati<i eonqucsta are the e tuples of 
their annals, the wara of distinct and re* 
tR-Ilntit tribe?, and the conquest of neigli* j 
f»orifi^butunfni:ndIy provinces. Thcvcryi 
lit ^wumia with mazy r^cea, wb tlui < 
> of the uijt»niing waver with newlj' ' 
aiiimjited insects and nvotea* Takt Up \ 
the recorUa and b^cnd^ of any neopk, tho J 
history of On^ec^e by Gratfl, the bJstor7^ 
of Eome bjr Nlebuhr, the history of ^™ 1 
Gaab, by Thierrr^ and how tney njfl 
biek, no I to any stnde tt^i^ from which 
tli^y have de!^X!1lde'lf but to a niuHiplid- 
ty of rac4'» until tbity arc lost in the 
gathering cjju'knpfis ot myth^* 1ndeer]| 
Ett wc^ ajiccnd tJi» atr«!atn of time,— & 
itream lilermlly*-tt hreakii iiito tnore and 
mtrfo nuiticrtjii^ runtluent*, which agaiii 
dJvid« and n^hvidc, until ttie trntx^s of 

4^ lif oaeifBnilvr 

u ajutlliieii mx^fitf Of |ihll|,tBCtlU 


It Man One or Manyf 


its many springs are lost in the deserts, 
like the sources of the Nile. Diversity 
and not similarity is the character of an- 
cient days. 

Let us now turn to a remarkable fact 
in the geographical distribution of the or- 
ganized kingdoms, which lias been so 
beautifully stated in regard to plants by 
De Candollc, and in regard to animals and 
man, by Agassiz. , It was first philoso- 
phically appreciated by IIuml)oldt, in his 
personal narrative, though it has since 
been almost universally confirmed by the 
observations of naturalists. Every hem- 
isphere, says the distinguished traveller, 
produces plants of different species ; and it 
IS not by the diversity of climates that wo 
can attempt to explain why equinoctial 
Africa has no laurina'a, and the New- 
World no heaths ; why the calceolariaa 
are found only in the southern hemis- 
phere ; why the birds of the continent 
of India glow with colors less splendid 
than the birds of the hot parts of Ame- 
rica ; finally, why the tiger is f)eculiar to 
Asia, and the ornithoryncus to New Hol- 
land.* ^ 

It has accordingly' since been discover- 
ed that vaVious families of plants are con- 
fined to particular countries, and even 
limited districts, and that latitude, eleva- 
tion, soil, and climate are but secondary 
causes in the distribution. There are 
inan^ distinct botanical districts on the 
contmcnts and islands, each of which has 
its own vegetation, or rather, each of 
which is a focus or centre to genera and 
species which have existence nowhere 
else, with inconsiderable exceptions. De 
Gandolle established twenty of these re- 
gions, and Professor Schow twenty ; but 
Professor Martin, of Munich, divides the 
globe into fifty-one, to which others may 
now be added. The same law of distri- 
bution holds, in regard to the fauna), or 
congregations of animals, both of the land 
and the sea ; and Agassiz demonstrates, 
that the bound^irieSj within which the 
different natural combinations of ani- 
mals are known to be circumscribed on 
the face of the earth, coincide with the 
cultural range of distinct types of man. 
The fauna and fiora of the globe vary in 
two directions ; firstly, north and soutlf, 
from pole to pole, pretty nearly in accord- 
ance vrith the zones ; and secondly, east 
and west ; those of the west of Europe 
not being the same as those of the basin 
of the Caspian Sea^ or of the eastcmr coast 
of Africa, and those of the eastern coast 
of America not being the same as those of 

the western. Agassiz accordingly divide 
the faun<E first into eight grand realms, 
the Arctic, the Asiatic, the European, the 
American, the African, the East Indian or 
Malayan, the Polynesian, and the Aus- 
tralian realms, which he again subdivided 
into numerous subordinate faunae. 

The arctic realm, including therein all 
animals living beyond the line where for- 
ests cease, and inhabiting countries en- 
tirely barren, offers the same aspects in 
all the three parts of the world which 
converge towards the north pole. The 
uniform distribution of the animals by 
which it is inhabited forms its most strik- 
ing character, and gives rise to a sameness 
of general features which is not fotmd in 
any other region. Its flora consists of 
gramineous plants, mosses, and lichens, 
and a few flowering plants and dwarf 
birches. A number of the representatives 
of the inferior classes of worms, of mol- 
lusks, of echinodcrms, and of medusje. are 
found here; no reptiles; numerous fishes, 
especially of the salmon family ; swarms 
of characteristic birds, such as gannets, 
cormorants, petrels, ducks, geese, mor- 
gausers, and gulls, Vrith a small number 
of wading biixls, and some marine eagles. 
The larger mammalia which inhabit the 
realm are the white bear, the walrus, 
seal, the reindeer, the musk-ox, the uar- 
wal, the cachelot, and whales in abun- 
dance. It is witliin the limits of this 
realm that we meet a peculiar race of 
men, known in America as Esquimaux, 
and in the north of Asia, as Laplanders, 
Samojedes, and Tchuktsches. It diflers 
from the whites of Europe, the Mongols 
of Asia, and the Indians of North Ame- 
rica, to whom it is adjacent The unifor- 
mity of its character along the whole 
range of the Arctic seas is in remarkable 
correspondence with that of the fauna. 

^' To the glacial zone, which incloses a 
single fauna, succeeds the temperate zone, 
included between the isothermes of 32*^, 
and 74^ Fahr., characterized by its pine 
forests, its amentacia, its maples, its wal- 
nuts, and its fruit trees, and from the 
midst of which arise like islands, lofty 
mountain chains or high table-lands, 
clothed with a vegetation which, in many 
respects, recalls that of the glacial regions. 
The geographical distribution of animals 
in this zone, forms several closely con- 
nected, but distinct combinations. It is 
the country of the terrestrial bear, of the 
wol^ the fox, the weasel, the marten, the 
otter, the lynx, the horse and the ass, the 
boar, and a great number of stags, deer, 

■ Ptia. par. ToL (S pi tSQi 


It Mm One w Many't 


•Ik, s^ti, tktvp^ Imlkf bircA. Kqnlrrvl^ 
^t^iuk, 4c I In iH "^ ™ -' r -' ......i,.r...i 

sifv ftfld titjC^t tAtile-lniiil!) &Mi 

I itein5. wr rnny diHtitigtiii^h in 

r Mcvmi - apfrt*xm^atiii*; 

lilj' t'l t' r <ir the trof»ic«, 

rc»< ^ it prc^fttrr diwr- 

^ ID 111 ' 1 1 theni ri-'prt wn* 

liuxi uc tiiMi ;itmmp? \\%im* of iM 

I boundttriuM,^ Wc Kave tlr^it, ad- 

t the areikH. n ^ ' \ with 

I ftli»o«t tinKWm I] L' old 

iiitQ m^ itkt mw Ti'ir^'i m vvoii 11 ftirii; 

imrill^ til* hcmkt of Itn? ttioo*io ; 

A csM HmperaH zmtt, in whicli 

tfoeti iirt» coTiibintd wrth 

, Hup Si.nni' nf tite fuf uumjnK \ next^ 

^<w»>!j in uhich tho 

t to the priTdiling 

I trti* « vwwty of evt.Tj*tu*'ni 

d, lb« dikf float of Ibif culture of 

r fexu% irvrm ftnd of the wheAl j &nd ii 

pir/if ztme, in w^HWi n mmOw^r of 

fbnui i,ro ' 


[y«t lk«ri |j iKroughuiit : 

f one fei* 


<;j:ilulc«, of 

I) jjcj* previiiljiijf 
iB«MJI fMlift and Iknib, Attain, o^intt to 
lk» tnit^titlltipi M ttio fiirfA'>\ thr> <%cTori- 

^itfJMBBtv' [ itUo 

mfCmtr !i n) North 

rks, wHu^ I iorAtc /xitxc 

MI «r tbr '\^\m\T 

wr cuts, 

a&viliM of tli^ 
wbilfit tK« rai . 

b)r tbe Akpr» and (mmm of 
r valil «r fr«rm Utvp^rmto xoiwa.** 

If tbt wbolif nui|;« of th9 t<m- 
lro«D «a«t| to wpMt, ^^i^ftniqti 
lltidM it, in fteconii 
* ^jirical iiwtttrt ' 

afiKi«lia,tAfl pftvir < Tni> 

iiblxif 9(1, liii ^.'^r .^. Ml realm, 

incUailst frafi^ «j wril m4 A ma 

MMDpD<mniK NiTthorn ArAbta^ 

i Biff^iirf , «A Will M Kumpo, profwr ly 

ISO called ; t!jQ wv^tem puis of A sin, ttud 

fv.> r..rtk.,... .,.f^ta of Afriim bein^ iiiti- 

1 by their gtsjlofjiral 

, . ; 1 1 ! e BOuth<?ni par IH of K u- 

rope, and, iki. tiic North American rculm, 
whiuh <?:Ktt'nf3H as far south m the tablij- 
land of M*?xHTo. 

^' 17ie teiii|K?rAUr zon^ is not chuncUr* 
ie^kI, bke the arctic, by one and the SAtno 
fiiuiin ; rt doi^s not fonti| as the arctic 
di)*;ii,oiiecouliiiiit>iiKnxjl<>gicai zoni* iiroumt 
the glo*K>. Not on^y do the nnlinalg 
chntijio from one lifmisphprc to another, 
but liiest? liHlt'rencf?."* eJtLst evL^n bt*tw©«tt 
TftHniiB rt*^JoTjs tit the H«niv hcu^i sphere* 
The fi|iecii'« belonj^riiii: to the western 
eouiitnfs of the ohj vtorkl are not id^>a* 
iki\ with those of the ettslorn counlrioi; 
It Ia true ibat ihfj ofttn nr stumble eio^' 
other so riost?h% that iinlil very re<3etit1y 
tii<*y have bt'^Jii cfinfoundcd. It luu bi!«a 
i-*fii;rvi*<j, however for mod en) jtoology 
and liotMoy to thu*<-i (besie iiicv diatino- 
tions. For tnjitAni.^, the coniferic of tha 
oid worl'l, t'VL'n within the sub-ftrctjc kodc, 
ftpe not iti-ntir^il with those of Aiueric** 
Instead of ihc Norw&y and btaek piDe, w^ 
have here th« balsam &nd the w)iitG 
^j>ruce ; medoid of the ootumon Hr, the 
PitiUM tig if la i JiiAleAd of the Eun»|w.'iin 
larch, tho haanatac, 4c; and farther 
iottth the ditTerfDcea ar« atdl more i^tHk- 
ine* In the temperate £o&e proftor, the 
ftjtke t\w bo(*ehea, llie hirche*, the horn- 
ihw biiphornbeamst, the chesinutAj 
I [ toowiK>d.4^ the elms, the linden, tho 
jnaplt*^ and the walnuts, are njpresentod 
in ttach continent by peculiar Bj>c^ies dif- 
fer! n 1^ 1 1 1 ro o r Ics^, Pecul iar form s make 
here and there their appoarance, such as 
tbf* K'*>o-trpe.% tho tidip-treejL tho mne* 
iH^hiiH, Tlje evergreens are still more dl' 
vcr»;ttlcd,— we need only mentioii the car 
nii^lias of Japftn, and the kalmias of Ame~ 
rtc4 as e^amplca. Among tlie tropical 
foruH extrnditig into tbe warm IcmjieratA 
z*>nc, wc iioti*^ partkuUrly tbe jinhnetto 
in the? Southern Unllod &tat4>ji, and the 
duurf nhirnmropA of southern K^iropo. 
itmal kin>rdom presents th@ lytmo 
is. In Eiw>iio wc have, for io* 
atattooi tba brown boar ; isi North Atocir- 
iea, the black bear ; hi Asia, ihe Xtctkr of 
Tuljet: tbe Eyropi^an tttag, and itie Kti* 
f<opoan drt>r, arn rcppefH'tiU*d in North 
. !."a by the ConiifliaD utajf^ or wapiti ^ 
>■ A itior}c!L]iti drer; and in ra^lcmi 






*'* ■••-"* : 

, .... ...... - 

.,. p,^ ... ^;i)U* 

01111) Mtd m Mcmgolim by lb* yilt j Uit 


1$ Man One or Maayf 


wild-cats, the martens and weasels, the 
wolves and foxes, the squirrels and mice 
(excepting the imported house-mouse), the 
birds, the reptiles, the fishes, the insects, 
the mollusks, &c., though more or less 
closely allied, are equally distinct specifical- 
ly. The types peculiar to the Old or New- 
World are few ; among them may be men- 
tioned the horse and ass, and the drome- 
dary of Asia, and the opossum of North 
America ; but upon this subject more de- 
tails may be found in every text-book 
of zoology and botany. We 'would only 
add, that in the present state of our know- 
ledge we recognize the following combi- 
nations of animals within the limits of the 
temperate zone, which may be considered 
as so many distinct zoological provinces 
or faunae. 

*• In the Asiatic realm, — 1st, a north- 
eastern fauna, the Japanese fauna ; 2d, 
a southeastern fauna, the Chinese fauna, 
and a central fuuna, the Mongolian fauna, 
followed westwards by the Caspian fau- 
na, which partakes partly of the Asiatic 
and partly of the European zoological 
character; its most remarkable animal, 
antelope saiga, ranging west as far as 
southern Russia. The Japanese and the 
Chinese faunas, stand to each other in 
the same relation as southern Europe and 
north Africa, and it remains to be ascer- 
tained by farther investigations, whether 
the Japanese fauna ought not to be sub- 
divided into a more eastern insular fauna, 
the Japanese fauna proper, and a more 
western continental fauna, which might 
be called the Mandshurian or Tongou- 
sian fauna." 

The nations of men, inhabiting these 
regions, belong all to the so-called Mongo- 
lian race, the natural limits of which cor- 
respond exactly to the range of the Ja- 
panese, Chinese, Mongolian, and Caspian 
Faunas taken together, and that peculiar 
types, distinct nations of this race, cover 
respectively the dillbrent faunas of this 
realm. The Japanese inhabit the Japan- 
ese zoological province, the Chinese, the 
Chinese province, the Mongols, the Mon- 
golian province, and the Turks, the Cas- 
pian province, eliminating, of course, the 
modem establishment of Turks in Asia 
Minor and Europe. 

The unity of Europe, according to our 
author, exclusive of its artic regions, in 
connection with Southwestern Asia, and 
Northern Africa, as a distinct zoological 
realm, is established by the range of its 
mammalia, and by the limits of the mi- 
grations of its biras, as well as by the 
physical features of its whole extent It 
may, therefore, be tabdinded, into the 

following eight yJitimB,— Ist, the Scandi- 
navian munsd ; 2d, Russian ; 3d, Central 
European ; 4th, Southern European ; 5th. 
Iran ; Cth, Syrian ; 7th, Egyptian ; and 
8th, the faunsB of the Atlas. But here 
again we note that the European zoologi- 
cal realm is circumscribed exactly within 
the same limits, as the so-called white 
race of men, including as it does the in- 
habitants of Southwestern Asia, and of 
North Africa, with the lower part of the 
valley of the Nile. Modem migrations 
and historical changes are, of course, in- 
cluded. The different subdivisions of 
this race, even to distinct nationalities cover 
precisely the same ground, as the special 
faumo, or zoological provinces, of this 
most important part of the world, which 
in all ages has been the seat of the most 
advanced civilization. In the southwest 
of Asia, we find (along the table-land of 
Iran), t'ersia and Asia Minor ; in the 
plains southward, Mesopotamia and Syria ; 
along the sea-shore Palestine and Pheni- 
cia; in the Valley of the Nile, Egypt; 
and, along the northem shores of Africa, 
Barbary. Thus, we have Semitic nations, 
covering the north- African and southwest 
Asiatic faunae, while the south European 
peninsulas, including Asia Minor, are in- 
nabited by Graeco-Roman nations; and 
the cold temperate zone by Celto-Ger- 
manic nations ; the eastern range of Eu- 
rope being peopled by Sclaves. 

" Though temperate America resembles 
closely, in its animal creation, the coun- 
tries of Europe and Asia belonging to the 
same zone, we meet with physical and 
organic features in this continent which 
difler entirely from those of the Old 
World. The tropical realms, connected 
there with those of the temperate zone, 
though bound together by some analogies, 
differ essen tially from one another. Trop- 
ical Africa has hardly any species in com- 
mon with Europe, though we may remem- 
ber that the lion once extended to Greece, 
and that the jackal is to this day found 
upon some islands in the Adriatic, and in 
Morea. Tropical Asia differs equally from 
its temperate regions, and Australia forms 
a world by itself. Not so in south- 
ern America. The range of mountains 
which extends, in almost unbroken con- 
tinnitv, from the Arctic to Cape Hom, es- 
tablishes a simihirity between North and 
South America, which may be traced 
also, to a great degree, in its plants and 
animals. Entire families which are pecu- 
liar to this continent have their represen- 
tatives in North, as well as South Ameri- 
ca, the cactus and didelphis, fiar instance ) 
some species, as the puma, or American 


1$ Jfnn On0 or Mamjf 


In oofinwTtioo wiih tbcR* factJi, 
IM Cod tlwt Unnfiiad J^mrricQ^ though 
H 1ms ill |*^i!t«r t yff«^ (*•* r?i?imf*(*?rri5ltc 
■•Omim «•: I Au^ 

iTfthiwdk^ r the 

<>i Alri'^a ftU'l A^in ; t 

► being tapirs and j t 

n%Mf fitiiiooerMeK. and hi|"[!^^]»f>iuun > 
I lt»miiilisanti| th« IUidas fttiiri alptcas, 
I ^-,„„t , -...» i^mfieA J whilst it m- 
ii> rc«pcct^ of AustmliA, 

-kic.- .. . " **.*pe of miiT^upmls, 

mUL til I ' I an is> attd j »A<^h7* 

■mt •'H . ^y«» life entirely 

[vmnitb^ tliefi*. 1 t)ti«, with due quftliH* 
' , It mmf tw s»id^ that the whole con- 
lif Aoienca, when cyjitipured willi 
i^oditii; twin*cfint^nt?nUof Ell- 
[^|»^Afhcm or Ajiii-Au^fTtilia, in dmr- 
bir B mnch prpAti'r unifonnitT 
rttA mtur«j f . combined wilh 

|fe •peoal Jooil^ rmyof tin mib* 

CjP««i, wiwtu ^m{\ justify th« e»- 
ilttboient of manj j;pccial faiinfe wiihm 

Wmi ItuBiQ f«*t« b<?fnr© usj we may 

L lltti Vkn% should be no gr««t di- 

{fMtjr wxoffo^ th0 tribes of mui bhabit- 

; tto eontiiifiiit \ Knd, bd^d, the mo^t 

\ mTeitJg&tion of Uieir nc^oulmri' 

I Itt* led Dr. Mort^in to consider tliurn 

k apiHliliitJtiy tint a single race, from the 

of lh« £»i|iiimaux dawn to the 

ftmo«4 extremity of the oontin&nt. 

^ nt tbr fawi^ limt*, tt ^lould be f€- 

r-l ' accofdantH? with the 

al f*f tho wholB rcalai^ 

u t/i an iuHni to nniaber 

\^ iwaQ ' en ting tnore or less 

I rji[ie irom mciother« 

* JU l» the «|i«d*l fiiun^ of the Ameri- 

il, we may di-^^'*' • " ^^ uiihin 

to sonc, a C ' ' tuna^ 

tww Nawfwani! — .... i^-a the 

l£> tlM baste of tfio Rock^ 

DaitainaL A &mu of ttio Notih Am^ru^ 

I ftijyif fffmf A fiinnaof the Ntirthittjjt 

% Ibasva of thp mi^idU Vniiad 

j ft frvrr 'H UftHed 

of tbt AmaHaui rftntimtit fWim 
roT llioOJdWorRi ru 

Nf til iha ptt^raph i 

■nalfl, Ibaai llbO oxict cijm'4|x>naeui'« 
fall iki ftdftmali of (h« norUum ttqipM^ 
I MM of Aswriai with thum of Eytope: 
Cbi dkUtiCliriatie fbrm« of wliich 
\ to tlM aoM fKfiarm, with it)« tix* 
oeljr of A fcw eubcirdittAte Ijiies, 
M llto OMnmi Aiwl IIm tkuttlL 
'lalmpial AiMrioi wn waj difto- 

giiish a Certfral AfUi^rtmnfmma^ a Ura- 
^ili'an fauJiiL ^Jnuna ofifn? Pumpas^ a 
fauna of tht- Cojflilfn'm. a Perupinn 
faunfi^ nnd a Patagonuin fauna ^ bnt 
ft is nnue€e?.^ry for our purpose to men- 
tion here their characteristic fpaturea, 
w^hich in ay T*g >r*thered frotn the works 
of rriiice New Wicd, of Spii and ^lartina, 
of T*?chtidij of Popjiig, of EamoQ dc U 
Sam. of Purwinj Ac," 

We cannot, however, fillow Af&affli , 
fiirther^ in hia demonstrations of the sarat_ 
remarkable coinndences, fn the Africai^' 
tbe Eaht Indiun, the An strati an. And Ibo 
PotvnesiJin ryaliO'^t Knouph Kas beea 
said, we think, to show that the organ^ 
ixwl life of the globe is distributed Into a 
series of distinct circl<!s or larger itphereiL 
which are ag-ain dividctl into a seHea of 
smaller spheres, and of which we may re- 
gard the inferior ptants and animals as 
constituting the circumferences, and cei^ 
tain rfic^.<? of men. the serenil centres, ft 
is a most impre^iYc view^ and one that 
forces the inference upon the mind, that 
it cannot be a chance collocation^ that 
plant^^ and jLnimals and men ha?e not m- 
sumed this arrangementj under cajinal in- 
flueneea (by the random dispersion of 
seeds by windj*. by the drift of waters, by 
the deposits of binlii, by the sbipwrwik of 
canoes^ 4c. ^). but that it denotes A 
gmt geticinl plan, whereby the CreattTQ 
Wisdom has oonncctLd, difii^io^ed, and co- 
ordinated the my nod upherca of life into 
A grand organic whole. X}f. Ch aimer?), itt 
hU Briijgewater Treatme^ ba^ an idmim- 
bio chapter on the ** collocatiooa " of mat- 
ter AS A proof of dedgn, but what col lo- 
cation that he onu merited is more rogiilir 
or beAutiful than the cotlocAtions which 
Agaasiz has hei^ unfolded in r^irftrd ta 
the relations of all the hving croatureii I 
Does it not open a new chapter to our 
perceptions of the order of the unirerAii 
while il kjndtea a tivid hope of the speedjr 
dtftooverr of the laws wbica govern the or* 
gatiic diifereDco and the historiCAl chaagei 
of races? 

Without stopping to remark upon th« 
utter absi<nce of any authentic ca^* of thoi , 
trAQSfuutatiou of one rare into Another, 
or aj>on the rcatrlcted influence whk'H i 
climate And other extertiAl cauaes, hAVA 
ho^n demonBtrAtiKl to haro, Aren In th« | 
produotton of alight ethab fsriAlf^m^ w 
upon the important otjdABOit ol tlM dli* j 
tsr ^^ f races to be drawn ftom hf- 

\' LIS bring together the two <tr 

tl . i . . I r .. . .L vg oomidcrAtioiu otat w hidi wn^ ] 
hare »o NummanJy pMAtdi^tllAltlii Seri|»> 
imtSL which Are wuppOM to toAdi thA 
Mimiili b^toric oc^ of mvn^ ^baUjf 


Coicu de E^pafla. 


haTe another meaning ; that the traditions 
of most races, the more exclusive and un- 
friendly as we ascend their annals, have 
made them the immemorial possessors of 
the soil on which they were found, while 
all their arts were referred, not to common 
progenitors, but to special and peculiar 
gods ; that the distinctions of race have 
been permanent for thousands of years, 
and that the human races, like plants and 
animals, exist in quite definite zoological 
spheres, out of which they seldom rovo, 
' and in which they thrive the best, — and 
have we not good grounds for the con- 
clusion that the historical beginnings of 
men have been diverse ? We say nothing 
of the period which preceded all history, 
of that primitive or Adamic condition, 
when the earth, like man himself, was in 
its infantile integrity, as both tradition and 
revelation assert — and when the gradual 
loss of innocence brought about the grand 
moral and physical crisis or transition in 
which the present historical order origi- 
nated, because that is a question which 
pertains to theology and not to natural 
science ; nor do we maintain that the dif- 
ferent races are distinct species, because 
the men of science have so bedeviled the 
word specieSj by their definitions, each 
one using it, to favor his own views, that 
it is difficult to tell what it moans, while 
the theologians attach to it the most 
sacred associations, so that to deny the 
identity of the human species seems like 
denying the manhood of men. But we do 
state, that so far as scientific and archae- 
ological inquiries go, the preponderance of 
evidence is on the side of fixed and pri- 

mordial distinctions among the races, and 
of a multiple or national, rather than an 
mdividual or dual origination in history. 

We are compelled to answer the ques- 
tion of our running-title, then, by saying 
that man is many, because he is consti- 
tuted of a multitude of races, whose char- 
acteristics, outside of certain limits of va- 
riability, have been permanent ; and yet^ 
that he is one, because he is inconvert- 
ably separated from every other organism, 
by his anatomy, his physiology, his mind 
and his heart, which place him, in his 
lowest forms, at the head of creation; 
while the Infinite Father has vouchsafed 
him a common responsibility and a glorious 
destiny. That hierarchical gradation of 
marked and immiscible series, which is 
the secret of universal order, whereby the 
extrcmest variety is harmonized in unity, 
is not departed from in his case, but is 
most signally illustrated, proving more 
than any thing else his immense superi- 
ority to all creatures, at the present, and 
promising his indefinite expansion and 
improvement in the future. For though 
the primordial forms of Races are dis- 
tinctive and fixed, yet each in its sphere 
is susceptible of growth or development^ 
and the great triumph of Christianity will 
consist in educing the spiritual phase of 
each type of man, heretofore dominated 
by the Vitalities of Nature. The nations 
are of one blood, therefore, not genealogi- 
cally, but spiritually, in their capacities 
of thought and afiection, which the blood 
only typifies, and which are the very 
essence and most real grounds of their 

(Gonoliided ttom p^pe S9&) 


A FTER the poultry has all been eaten up, 
A. comes the pig-killing. This, too, hap- 
pening at the Christmas season, makes an 
occasion more or less festal in Barcelona. 
Your Spanish pig, who, by the way, is a 
no less important character in his country 
than is his cousin in Ireland, is not rused 
for the Yulgar purpose of being fried to 
Urd, or salted down to pork. He has^ ia 
fac<^ no more &t than he has hair on him. 
He is a long-leggod, loii|^-8Boated aadlonp- 
tftiled fellow, and woold hate Iwn dtp 

scribed by Plato as an animal without 
hairs. But though the pickings on his 
ribs be small, they are sweet. The 
Spaniard rolls the morsels under his 
tongue as he does his easily-besetting sins. 
It is nut-fed flesh; and has the flavor of 
acorns. This taste is as much prized in 
the roasted joint as that of the skin in 
the sherry. Pig is came hi Spain. The 
porker does not live here in the chimney- 
corner, and sit .in the best arm-chair as 
in Paddy's cabin; bat he roams the fields. 
Mid goes a-nutting with the boys and 
girls. He eaits gnss, as there are no 
cows to eat ii; and woidd milk the goats 


Comu d9 Eitpam. 

UcT iriiitid hi him* TIo 
\ H mon? thhti ihe moiif nni- 
! tti ulbtf ot>iitttrii?«; ft ml i?, in cons<v 
wil]tng trj Ik* driven. He 

r uv more fowul munda in it It h 
^leM ihri^up}! tbe nn»^* *^''^'> ^i^ New 
1; mail hM NOflK' evi'n 

r4»wii tliio lltrtMit I < ofa 

wifJi him. The ^Ic^^^h of the 
b ti» lh»t of the foniKT m the 

I trf' ruttst pre itt t<> the t-itnnt*d 
ifl In vmir Hilkiiji^ fuuliJli^u Afford mi?* 
;i» rmtt ^tk St a SpnnlFh tulilo is to 
jrf>urMlf **of the ctrL'nmci- 
i;^ and tikimhi yon <k'clmc? a ctit *if & 
*/ bic* bini, ytm irouhl Ik* kcI 
k wt B» fw^cr thill a hf ae b c^i . It ou - 
, 3rmi U^VtiT wtmhJ do it — part leu Iwr* 
titer hsrifiir tiMd this f^s^*)', 1 n^mre 
I dMi tfh&fi joa Quij tian' id ten up all 
i whldl were stowin! fiwiiy m 
. yiHi ei.nn(»t rj(^ \wtUT 
lt»«ttBde yoflflAndlord*!! r*>juit pjg — 
mil pt it (inly it maj 
L j«M tWr in tiH> nykontng, liff it ifi 
ft dkh to 6^'t in^funt the king. 
lt*m^imf tikt porll, or ymi mmy not ; bnt 
mt lUaf f0 Wttda. it ia the only meat 
Ul9 Pcniaralft wiiicH has jnleeB in it, 
I oaf luTe ■ wry tittb ; and BhmM 
I In9«l far in t!i^ coim: • would 

\^f when voij w<. 1 of a 

t^Cit. Batthebet^ 1^ .. - ^^ '- 

An tnilm Jotnt of 


m \ 

bpO WJJg St tht^ f^iid tti lliut Lin)0 

^ W wia» in fiw^t^ <it th*' t«»giTininf;-^ 

Make yp rotir loiml^ 

t, t*» ^^f M^o iiv^Ht of H«' iiniir- 

■ if go- 

^tpi^pn < tnkt* 


> jdrj I iji |>ork ; 

temr U ' I fcr who, when 

te imid'l . |.._;ij^r(!, 4:#n fimj a 

^lowcirk upon. Forewarned— 

Bui inl |pt tin «« fi V Iha 

! g«9f«to wurk I'l' ^ The 

bl«l^ii aof dtms in Uio r r in a 

It i< « *r»l^it*nf '^oeh!- 

[ mi .<prO' 

Md aj w4Vfl Hit it 

'w«A& HIT mis |mr;i' 

lUey m^y not go to churcli fo Ray theif 
jiravcTsu But k^t tbtm he walking, with 
one dejFT^ or anolher — and they fre<)iicnt- 
\y htt^^t? KeTcral ui their heafia at onee — 
:' rinnot pi to ibis favorite promenade 
\i hearing the ^qnealing* Every^ 
Lp.MMJep is honnd to Re« the hops on the 
Pium, »s Xhi^j apo among the lionfl of the 
city; «nd cvtry one who w-*m14 ,mv-> %n 
ai?eoimt of the cc^r/jr de Bar* •. < let 

the abeohitt* necossily of <; _, the 

kiUinj; of thrm, 

One exlremiiyoftho C!«n1ftnar^ thofi, fi 
covereil with herds of swim^ all a^ Mack 
aa if they were posneRned with devils. 
Your 8 1 mn lard himnelf is hrowti. Of 
mtirse, bis pig cannot be white^ He has 
bwn blaek evtT f^infe thi* country was in 
the j)i^>iKf'ssion i>f the Muor<— if not longer, 
Indeeii, a wbtte porker would jiaM f^p a 
gho.«5t — wcjidd make every native turn 
paler than Iiimself — and would tie dnv'eii 
out of the renfnsula with PatiT N<JHter^* 
Accordingly, the pip on the Pasco arc all 
black, and all eatholia 

The jiortioTi of tho esplanade set apart 
for thejse saeriflecs may be half nn acre of 
more. Tbitbor th* predestined aiw driven 
by tens und by fifties frem the eountry* 
A certain miml^r of them, called tir^t \o 
meet their fate, are coaxed mto theglaugli-» 
ter-houRfi, and then bound hand antl foot. 
As for the house. It oonsiirt^ of a small clr* 
ctdfir f»orti<>n of the sands of ihi* PaMef>. 
without a jiunf le flWard Xn^ wver them^ anij 
of 1*0 mucli of the bhie heavens as roofs the 
spi>t. There are no floors, no clean Ktriw, 
no hot- water, no erosn^beani'?, no pulleys 
There are hoga and Spanianls — no morow 
\ Eld 'tia all that isnooesiu'j — as wo ihall 

Of i\k{i9tkkms, I lie le*isthatjgf^id, lh<? ' 
b<*tter ; so of tho wpiealing. The rule of tho 
former operation sfipms to he "iwcre well 
fion^^ if ^tit^''re*hfie ipnM^ i and of tho 
latter, i rv. there in ko little wool Of 

hair, t! i not tie too much cpyinir» 

The prcniKj^r uu'^unrnt is ciiy^ht m plat- 
ter, itnd pftics into tfte putlditijr* of lb« 
Ayndamlf n* , ' « * o- -^ tialj 
Koul of the I uly 

openin**, a b M. ..- ^l,,.- ^i. , . »p*t, 

and the nuresii^tm^ hrad i^ i i Irt 

a nmall lo^ fis oti to a pi I' iinl 

thbfi lien puraHel anotbep h*: a*, rh- ilij:- 
tance of a couple of ft*et; AU'l In", w^ * n ihe 
two ifi a Jow (Ire of tiii«-faggot^ 'J'ba 
head i« pulled over tha flatn«% flnt tliii 
Rirte nfid then that^ nntil whmt little hair 
thw Hnifuni hnt} nn hi** for*i>*tJi*p t« Rit^jjiKf, 

zieii'i lo mti — ones man pujuti^ ami turninf 


Quat dt EtpaSa, 


bjT me&ns of the hook, and mnothcr doing 
the same by the natural hand]* of the 
liind feet. A noviee might suppoise that 
the pig was about to m roasied in pre- 
©amtioti fur sonae great feast; wbereaa 
lie is fiimply to be chEured a little^ and 

^'scraped with a h<?e. The animal^ which 
mnt on to the fire blacky of it 
white. To make the transfigumtioii per- 
fect, the bod J is dragged from the logs on 
to a few clean hurdles, and laid back up- 
wards, as natural as life. Then the cleaner 
mounts and seats hinisolf astride the neck 
as cavalierly m tliongh he were ^kig to 
run a race^ or make a iailj against the 
hJcws. But^ instead of that^ he goes busi- 
ly to work upon the head, removing by 
means of tlie scraper, together with a very 
imall quantum of water, what had been 
left by the hoe. As he gains upou his 
task, he gradually re tnoveRhiii seat farther 
ftiid farther back, until at last he ridi^ by 
the tail, and may tumble oir into the mud 
bebindT if he be not carefid* All this is 
the work of but a few minutes. The 
cleaning process finished^ the butcher ap- 
proaches, and at a blow or two, cuts off, 
jiot the head, but the half of it— teing that 
^rlion attached to the upper jaw- Then 
down the back goea the quick knife^ 
once or twice— and the booe isout, with Ihe 
tail into the bargain. It is done in scarce- 

, ly more time than it takes an old salt to 
6p1 it a cod fi sh. Baskets are brought lined 
^'ith clean white clotii to receive the 
entrails* The blood is neatly wiped out 
of the carcase by napkins. The knife goes 
down the belly as it had before the back. 
The officer of excif?ej whose dignity is sup^ 
port^ by a tent, with a couple of chain- 
ed bull'dogs, now comes forward and 
applies the red-hot brand to the two se- 
parated sides* Each of these is hfbed by 
anemns of a pole laid across two men's 
fihoulders, and in weighed. Then, finally, 
each manj shouldering his half, walks off 
^'ilh it out of the ring, and deposits it in a 
neighboring cart* which straightway rat- 
ties both off to the* market. Every part 
of the process being done by Bj^peiis^ the 
whole is accomplished with rt*m ark able 
fttpidity, and with greater neatness than 
coM he expected, considering place and 

* 'mrsons. Nothing short of a little broil- 
ing over their own \o^ I am sure, would 
iulUce to vrhitcu the hides of thepig*kilkrs 
themsel ves. As it was, they were precise- 
ly the color of hams, and had e^ery ap- 
pearance ^'■'* i - i from the smoke-hole. 
Nut to ■ on ibis vvty Spanish 
theme, I u i u nwi unit the porker has the b- 
iierty of the walk in liarcelona on one other 
occasion bir^des that when be m led out to 

slaughter. It h when h& h put up in a 
raffle. Then you s?ee him walking over the 
course, escorted with fife and drum, and 
bis tail tied up with ribbons. The mnsi- 
dans go before, and a driver with a big 
whip follows after. Thus in triumphal 
procession the decorated shote passes 
through the principal streets of the town. 
He nioves on cheerfully, though slow — 
whether pleased v^ithamusic scarcely too 
sdentific to gratify his eoTj or strniuJated 
by the cracks of a thong, of which he h 
perfectly conscious, to appreciate the me- 
lody, AU men give way to him. For tbe 
lime being he is the hog of the walk. He 
deserves to be. For he hiuj been picked 
out from all his fellows, as the biggest, the 
fattei^t, the handsomest. Like many gayer 
promcnaders, he takes hiis airing less to see 
than bo seen. Not that he expects to at- 
tract the eyes of fair ladies, or the glai^ses 
of the beaux. It will better answer the 
purpose if a tailor look at him — if a cobbler 
be induced to buy one of his tickets — if a 
butcher or an innkeeper, or any person 
who tnoy think it cheaper to purchase his 
meat by lottery than to go to market for 
it^ shall be led from a sight of his fat 
point* to go to one of the numerous lottery 
offices, and pay down hia W^^ta for & 
chance at the ** whole hog.'* These office* 
are located at convenient points about the 
town, and may be i:^ect>gnized by a sign 
over the door, containing the portrait of 
the identical animal, diawu in chalk or 

The passion for lotteries is strong in 
Spain. The government constantly helpa 
out its unsatisfactory revenue^i by aid of 
thenL Lottery tickets are exposed for 
sale in the principal streets. Traders in 
tickets are to be met with on the pub* 
lie walks^ The numbers which have 
drawn prizes in the great national lotteries 
at Madrid are posted up at the street-cor* 
ners by agents of the government; and 
the fortimate drawer of the highest prize 
is heralded about in all the newspap^^a. 
The pi{^-rifus, however, are authorized by 
the authorities of the city j and are always 
said to be granted for charitable purposes* 
Hence the lockless purcb&ser, who gives 
his good hard reals for a blank, may al- 
ways comfort himself with the belief that 
his money has gone to the poor's l:>ox— 
thotigh, for my part, I gi'eatly fear lest a 
considerable percentage "m^y have stopped 
in the pockeiis of the AyuntamuiUQ, 

Observe that yoin* Spautard does not 
fet up a horse or an ox— not even a bull 
or a lionkcy in a raflle. He knows Itiat 
DO soul would buy a ticket. It would t^ 
quire double the number of musickoSi 

(hmii d§ Eipana. 


i gill! worse moMc to attimet Ifvc attcn- 
Hm of the mrnmvA puUic* A Tew ^ryp- 
■MiBi^r^i- ' ^ nor^« or an hf^ ivho 
Wii g<Mri f into A ri/^ particu* 

brly if He wrrv imJt of lilind. Of \ml\f 
SpttfinttL The pf>pulac« mij^hl look tt a 
Mil, if il w«r« ono whtrh Khon^etl fight 
^ttMl nsfKlcred tl pm^lent for all but tor* 
rm to fcl tiut of tlie waj. Yt-t it 
oMiM ttoi b* o«rUiin that tn/ bodj but 
Idk tM(n^t« ifoultl take the'troiibte to 
iriiik*«ll«r iLiiy c»r tbo before-menlion^ 
^ ^iiMdra{K<lA» Btit sbo^ m latiye an &ni- 
na] m]i&bl« oi : verted into bai^s 

ttod tMhom^ iti^ /h is at once dis* 

«iH<dil til intcFcitt m hitu. He in^tiocti fgIj 

r» bfct liaiifU mio hii poeketi to s^ if 
b ricfa MMi^ la b« tho owner of ane 
ytmim. ]f 00. iw i^oeB itnught to tht^ 
wen-laowii 0fSo& and btija % ticket enti- 
Uinf Mm, bjr h«1p of S&otA Eolalia, to 
. Um «limAt««ltire. Siirh is the Sp&niiLTd^S 
wm oC fiUiqc hia: f>ork barrt'L 

Bol Iht dtMUnclii^ pi.'CuLiuitj of the 
BwistlRMM ^^ rcmiJnJi to be mentioDed | 
■ftd eonld on no tocount bo k^ft out of anj 
ffj|fU deacriptLon of him. It is not that 
ht mMm uytji. it i§ ttot tliat be \b^ kilfod 
iMi tW t*aMt<^ SutWi. It 15 not tlmt he 
m fatt iziid lott«ri(!ft. It m thnt /ir if 
Ifaiwffrf ^ rVjrf, Am HOOTi &8 h9 

pilM bim > ho is 1 candidate for 

fcip<l«w Hirr ^lo^cker the b«ller after 
Iht catling of Kia ejeteeth, he is spHnklcd 
WTtHii Iwily wmt«jr. That eerctnony per- 
iifiBtd lip^vn hull, h« \h no lon^^ an un- 
lA aaltfialfr He is held to be as g^iXKl 
igiiDaraloil, He is c<sttemtKi Christi«.n, 

I m CaAMth aM Satiit George of Oata^ 
1^ The act for tver ihidd^ htm from 

•Jl had McidffitJL He is not liable to lose 
him mpfMk^ and rii*r<iie nut& II i8 suptK!r 
b ooi likdj to git« him the nigKttnure. 
Btf li fi«* rJipQiMvd to the mk of breaking 
bii aoia off in rooting, Il« ciitinot b@ 
eHhI ftwij hjr hohgoblins, or have hia 
i fdIM out hj Iho Old Nick. Hin 

II it HO^ li> be wbolcfoose. No Cbrb^ 
I am bo cbdkod in twanow ing tt^ though 
iMitait nofif f r "*^i ^^-^iigle a Jour. 

It frill Ml pl^ tri' lomachft of 

trat Miofn vHik .- 
frriiin ttttbgbQWttaofa 
ood nlbf^ t> attialifaroatr 
df iny >' fidttl. ItM jiuGisii rcn^ 

dflrid pir witiT !t^.r?Tfrit will not 

ipoil iLe autu|*lt'A(«m of \\ licale- 

Jy^brod i^flor^t*. nor m:^ . ^alkro 

m ibidit blacker llian hu b h^ iinturtj^ 

Hj bH oic^ani^ then, Icl th*' pig bo 
i|vi ' ■ ■ '. 1 1 i|uadntpedji arc in Bare©* 

looii ^ aertsloeiiUt day of Janilr 

^ ir^ uxr^^umm vill rid« hia }mm w 

nrk like 

his ass three times around the chutii7h of 
San Antonio A bad — with bnyJed tad and 
mane woven with flowers — with a hug:o 
iorUU loaf of bread htmy at hiii svldle- 
bow^->and himself in a red cap. sheepskin 
jacket and leathtir shorta i and if he will 
come to a halt before the church stepsy 
while a prie.*t reads a prajer over man 
and as!s, and another throws hoir water 
in both their faces; and if he wdl then 
draw out hl*^ leathern pouch, and pay into 
the holy man's hands tuppence ha- penny j 
and after having paid dowTi his coppera 
and received into the bari^ain a picture of 
San Antonio A(>od him^Tc together with 
a printed account of the food saint\s power 
in iiuerceding for all Chrif^tian muk'tcers 
and jackassea at the throne of the Kle&st'd 
Virgin, he wdl then back out of the sctJio 
as quickly as whip and spur and hfMivcn 
can help him so to do^ and wdl mnrcovcr 
cut down the street and through half the 
town as if the Devil himst^lf were after 
him to wipe off the sacramental drops ere 
they were dry in the hair — then I say. 
that neither his honte. nor his ass, nor his 
tniile shall hit his fbot against a stono 
from that day twelvemonth. lie shall 
not hare horse aih nor staggera^ nor any 
sort of murrain within Uw year. He shall 
not be foundered t nor lo^ his wind. He 
shall not kick^ nor bite, nor so much as 
flirt his tallj except in fly time, San An* 
tonio Abftd atiiwen; for it afh Duly one 
thing, tm fortunately, ho docs not under- 
take to giiarantee — and that is to stop a 
jackass from braying when *^he d^n 

Let the quadrupeds be blessed then. 
Only the ass, I think^ might as well be 
left out He is too stupid an animal to 
bo at all aflected by beneilictiou.^. tie 
knows only one sort of water — and that 
is drtnkifig water. Shake the holy hroom 
over his head, or tlw cowhide^ still ho 
braySi Be the grounil under his feet sacrml 
Of prolkne. it makes no difTL^renoe, he bravs 
italh When at the hour of vespers you 
are llsteumg to the nun's Zow chant ; or 
whcn^ the jiealmg oigau done, the aoktnn 
fijlenoe is bn>ken only by the whispffisd 
prayer of the kneeling worshipperii^£7sc« 
Joiifi PttrisinM / — what a di&boliiml oot^ 
eort is suddenly set up by tliu i^sea wait- 
ing at the church doors [ Or when hi the 
iitdly night the melancholy lover Is iwur- 
ing out nis tcnderent plait^t beneath Iha 
baloony of his lady fair^ and his HTnent sl>u1 
is breathing forth ttx Ia>jt st^fi aigh — tScin* 
ia i\faria i^d^xaaf — what a longer 
drawn wail^ what a more powerful High* 
lug cornea fpi>m the b«lly of ioroe neigh- 
boring and no litt dkMMd idokey ! In 


Cotaa de £»palta. 


A country where so much time tR spent 
either before the altar or beneath the bal- 
mny ; and where there is at least a pair 
of jocka^sses to every cotiple of iUktnU and 
lovers, this hrajfing^ ^>ecniies an tutolep- 
nbk nuisance. If Snn Antonio A bad ware 
worth a fig, hb would put & stop to it, 


TtiK Ban^lonese CamiTal k to that of 
I Spain what the Roman is to Italy. Bac- 
( chnia M ith a long retinue of Fanns and 
i SatyrR always pays the Catalonia^n capital 
[ ft vjait at thi?5 Ht'Aisoti ; and A'enus is there 
\ too with her train of Loves and Graces. 
[Both of them, however, con<luct them- 
' selves with so much more sobriety thaji 
* they formerly did at the Grecian festivala, 
that they can hardly be recog:nized as the 
same porjtana^es. Still fun and frolic aro 
I let pretty freely loose in the streets; and 
i«7en Ca'^tilmn ji^ravity comas out in belifl 
[mud a Tom-foors cap. 

During the daytime there are prooea- 

throu^h the streets, with luaskfl, 

Bia itnd banners. Fraternities of odd 

fcllows, and good fellows, and all sort^ of 

Ifellowii, parade their youthful folites and 

idiasyneracies in the faj:e of day and of 

alt the pfiople. And he h the very best 

fellow of them all who we^rs the most 

fantastic apparel, who bears the wittiest 

I motto, who makea the most absurd har^ 

angnes, who utters the most unpardonable 

puns. The gypsy beaux too are out on 

horseback \ not clad in rags and f^kins, but 

for onow in ruflBed shiriE, plumed hat?, 

i'ackcts of broadclothj and having their 
loriscs' tails braided with ribbons and 
ro^*s- Colossal %ureE representing the 
genii locLf are borofl about the town upon 
»ic«n*3 shoulders 5 or are drawn In state 
in immense gilded chariots, hung with 
. lowers. Bands of music go before; the 
aost gorgeous or the most groti^sque of 
^|>ody guards acciompany the divinities \ and 
the whole rabblo of the town comas afler. 
The wheels of business are made for two 
or three days to stand still ; and only tho 
car of pleasure rolls unhindered throagh 
I the city. 

At night, ©"rary body goes to the pub- 
llic balls* All the theatres and halls are 
1 converted into baU-rooms. Even th® 
[merchanii are turned out of the Ex- 
I change, and its beautiful apartments are 
[Appropriated to the dancers* But the 
I centre of attraction is the opera house. 
iThis, which ih** Barcejonesp will t«U you 
Lis the largest one in tht? worht, is lUted 
Imp with a temporary floorj and oousecratp 

ed to masking from midnight until morn- 
ing. The gatleries are crowded with 
spectators; two orchestras, containing 
each ft hundred performers, are placed at 
either extremity of the immense saloon ; 
and as gay % gallop goes over these hoards 
a^s can be seen any where in Christendom. 

The price of admission having formerly 
been higherjit was then attended only by the 
more fashiotiable clftsses of society! Now 
all the Baji^looBs© world is there, both 
high and low* The pleasure is partici- 
pated in b J a greater number; but* tho 
fun, if more vulgar^ is none the less hearty. 
What the dresses may have lost in olc- 
gance they have gained in variety. The 
fashionable ladies, who now attend ais 
Bpectators chiefly, do not mind tf their 
Silks be a little dingy j and the ragazza 
is only too happy to dance in cambric or 
calico. In one or the other she will ho 
sure to b<s there ; for she would go thread- 
bare during half the year rather than no« 
have a neat new dress for the camivaU 
She will be there^ and polking it with an 
akmndfm^ the very grace of ecstasy* 
Though her skirts will Bot be of 
gauacj nor wroujrht with silver or with 
gold, still none tvill wave more briskly ; 
none will be thrown to a better elevation. 
She will not be clasjied by a zone of gems, 
nor wear jewels in her hair ; but her curls 
will tje fastened by the Catalonian bodkin ; 
her ears will be hung with Moorish rings ; 
and her lover— for of course she is blessefl 
with one — will have planted a nosegay in 
her well-rounded bosom* 

But our ragazza has already flown hy 
in the waltz — and lo ! here oi.>mes a throng 
of dancers gayer than the rest The 
ladies in it wear no disguise excepting tlic 
domino noir. But the gentlemen are in 
costumes the most bizarre^ They are 
all nose, or all moustache. You see beards 
which are longer than those of hermits ; 
shirt collars whi>h overt^jp the ears; coat* 
tails which reach to the ankles \ conical 
caps a yard high ; harlequin's bells, devil's 
tails, satyr's boofa, ox- horns* By two or 
three hours past midnight, the mirth grows 
a little boisterous. The laugh gets to be 
as loud as the music ; and for the rest of 
the night, the dance goes faster and faster 
round till morning. 

Let US escape to a box* There you can 
fiit masked or unmasked — in burlesque or 
in biack— and look down upon ih^jnti^rc 
of the g&ttoping. You will not sft long 
before tnose two ladies in black silk mask^ 
and loose silk robes of the same maierialj 
will honor you with their Kalutalions, 
You know by their drcfw thut ihry aro 
aotherobodAnce, but simply to gri;-et*lhcir 

CmoM dt EifpaM, 


MUtmlaiiorA. sod lo tell unfJet covor of 
1 diMiiiU} softie truths which ih&y msj^ht 
Ikloirfi Ui conftfND4 wil.1»niit one. They will 
ittli^vDr to diAjsjuj.^ their roices as wo 11 
fc- ;' But yoti will rt"<?f>SJ*iK<^ 

t-* iTi aor^'Tit of one of them, 

Tbov ['pi iHvrr'lHi lictrny^ ftnd canttot 
w»m d«cw<iTt7 vau. Yon siUsjil her fUH^rt^t 
imt erf fiiT hcirt the mam en t she hepnn 
lo mftk. Btit Jti return r*>n fH>ur fiji-lh a 
iMMon^ UjTTcui of Csu^titmn vows a^nd 
€on|>tinieiitiL You kijss her h&nd^-»t 
Utm 1 ou mftT my so in ; hwi 
mheti ■ -r kATi% nor actuftlly Ui 

Ikrenr -r hfr ffct, yun will ad* 

AlT«« Itj her iht^ I 1 of j1 t(tS pifM 

d* IT, Sfnoffi. ne. But the 

wvpof violt-tH -; J m )^our hand 

lioop Hw 111. ,.,rr - Ml' ii:.- right to their 
diVMJl} ft&a with nc 'thing tiirther to wisli 
or hofo for, you straightway r<stif& 


^MB tr ^^'AtnloiiiA han;:i; upon tho 

4yial^« :> by the eyelids, threat- 

cafQg tijiwii ti*e nsctirrvnoi? of 4^ti>rj rero- 
imkourr ii^tallon i(> Hill off nlto^ther* 
I^eeJtUjf th« lower ck^^v^ of th« capilnl 
m toHiaUnt^ disloyal, aiid democratic 
Tbax ft" ' "d with thinr toes well 

•f«T ll 5 revolt; and their jma** 

dam* '' aelion, they would 

HOC At : to rt'dderjiiif^ their 

Idttftt* ^ -■ ttie ariMiat who rule 

0fir t' ntj Birrulona has been 

OfwW r-T th** IhhI quarter of 

a .f.-f,(- ^i^Q 1^51^ n**iid- 

«•. in the city, is i4orao 

<i ie.-irii the fact that tha 

* '( the proline© ha;?, the 

: s?» trying and shootiopf. 
3«o:tjsed of conspiring 
t jH ti-M and the iforern- 

r ii'vlla. Kilt N> it is; 

MXifi --« ' . i ,• '-r ujM.itji^r f^uarlcr of a 

fWltiitt > L . i I nil J ' r ; - r ). y hoTC f oqni r© 

tbfl ei ^'ii'Mi li front ton to 

tvtnt} ''\v'>net^} ancl tbo loj* 

•Hjrtj^ -rred by e«wi<»n- 

tf:itt»r for Ibe whole 

ttillta.'.. iv, 

TTi« winter 1 wftfi in kart^lona, the 
town rffv nrifmwlv i-v-ijM!d a cahhiHfe 
fiWIi rit ftt Madrid 

ha^ Ftt I lies on n>get^ 

blai >( i ihe gnsai townci 

Hut »-* ■** *«a< no meatN, tb» 

moi^urt rytAiyu-i^^ . J tat oa 

llv food ol th« ic«r, clfect of 

tkm wjr Iboliali aa w«^u nr^ ^t-ry wrongful 

fifJiet wnfi, tbftt not a raKh«ife or a potato 
WflK hrottirht to the uatea of a single Spai*- 
i^h city. The mlzvm hud to go to tho 
csittinrry to buy their vegetables a» best 
they <x>uld of the peasantryj who, with 
i:^'at nnAnitnitj, re(\isod to pay the ad- 
ditional tax for the privilege of «?lling 
them in town* The t^^^sants held ont 
nntil the populace were r^luced to thej 
borders of dtvsperation* The lower Bar- 
celonese, Uking the lead, were id commo- 
tion. They are always bloodthirsty; and 
now they Vere jjettin^ hungnr besides. 
They were out of g:arlio. And had the 
news of the revocation of the obnosions 
decrees not oome in as it did to allay the 
popular ferment^ the lower classea would 
have risen npon the higher with the s^inia 
knives with which they had peeled theif 
last onions* 

So afjTiid are the Barcelones© author- 
ities of this tendency to reWlhon in tho 
populace, that they no lonj^er dnw to 
grant them the entertainment of thdr fa- 
vorite l^c^titM dt Toroa, or featiTak 
of bulls. They remember that % few 
years ago, the popular fury* troiifl«d by 
the sight of the blood of beiwta, could 
with difficnlty be restrained from seeking 
to slake ila^ thirst in that of men. Sinc^ 
that time there have btjcn no bull-ft|;hi9 
in Biireelonj*. e.%cept ^ham onc#* Thewe^ 
as nolxHiy is expected to be killed in 
ttw^m, neither bulls, horiea, nor men, are 
not considered dan^rouB to tlio public 
pcac*. They do not rouse the blood of 
tlie spectators to the boilinz poinL, as do 
the peal bull- feasts. And tne more m. ss 
they are not^ like the Intter fHitertain- 
ments held in summer, when lh«f blood 
of Ijoth men and brutes i* rarely much 
below fever heat, but In the oold-bkH»de4 
tiea^n of win ten 

AcconliuglVj the traveller can have a 
chance of stximg the mock JieMfa at Bar- 
celona, if he likes ; though compared with 
the i^reat national nolomnity as porformed 
at Ihfadrid or Seville^ I fancy it must bo 
fx>me thing Hkis a hanpng at which tha 
culprit h reprieved, llowewr. 1 for on^ 
went to the sham fight And all tbs 
world of Boreelona went with tne. For 
hxmn before the cotnmeneenatint of tho 
sp»cttde, the prineipd fitrveta leading to 
tlie scene of ooinbat weti; filled with a gay 
throng of all elaasca and agvs, thetr #^ic*pa 
quick ene<d ami their faoeti lighkHJ im with 
anticifiatt^ pleasure* A 4 it was a Sunday 
afternoon, all the rout was in holy day at- 
tife:, nmking^ the march as gay as i trt- 
umpti. The* ivr^nj Imrdly Wido 

enough to let ' The IhitratU 

Torot, whitber uw Ltniiiantly cladooluiun 

Cosas de Eitpdfta^ 




was tending, is ild ntnphilhefttine «ltu&tcK) 
just vdlhottt one of the city g^tcsj arjfl 
near the stution hotise of the first railway 
coDstructed in Spain. Stranj^o that tho 
barbaric sliow;? of tiiiips gone by can still 
be set up within sound of the whistle of 
modem civilirjitTOTi 1 But here is the the* 
mtre of the bQll-tight vriihin % stone^e 
throw of the railwaj. the pis works^ 
and the j^nd quay of the port. So te- 
nacious is the i>paniard of old cuitom.^ 
and tho game of bloo<i ! The edifloe ii 
built on the model of the Roman amphi- 
theatre, and is capable of containing sev- 
eral Ibotis^ind spec tt tors. Yet it is a 
woodim Coliseum, with no preteiisiona to 
any b^uty of architect am! details. Its 
only ornament is the gayly dressed crowd 
— the red cajx cloak and mocado of the 
lower classes j the silks, velvets and !acc« 
of the higher ; the uniform and bayonets 
of the guardsmen ; the tnpfslry and 
gilded slate of the logc gnberiiatoriaU 
The prices are arrang:ed to suit all pnrs^ 
ei, fitttn the caballero's to the beggar 'it. 
The one sits in the shade at many more 
times the e:sp«nse of the other in the sun. 
The aun, in fact, \a always on the aide of 
the bt?i5gftr in Spain^-its li^ht beiiif; so 
common that it i§ constdcml a mark of 
pentdity to keep out of \L In summer tho 
hidalgo may be on the right side of the 
question ; but. by the well adjusted lawa 
of compen^^atTon^ the pobra who goes to 
the fea^t of bidls in wmterj has decidedly 
the of the barj^in- 

At any rate, there they 3?it : the poor 
fellow in light, and the rich one in shade, 
impatient both for the beginning of the 
entertainment. At length, the bugl^ 
sound. The chitioSy in fantastic dress, 
and bearing banners, enter by a side 
door, and march up to the cDrregidor^s 
seat to make their obei^^ance. These 
having after wardn taken their places m 
the arena, another flourish of trumpets 
announces tho eutmnce of the picador 
im a gayly caparisoned steed. With 
plumed hat in hand, he rifles up to the 
gubernatorial Beat, where he presents his 
knightly horna^^e ; and then galluping 
around the circuit of the ring, he re* 
cdvDS, in return, tlie applau«ie of the popn- 
lace. Again the trumpets bray <mt--the 
folding ^ate^ are opetioa— anil in bounds 
the bulL lie li a fmmlh. and \%fi& \m 
horns tipt with balls* Therefiire, k't no 
gentle reader faint There may be so mo 
little fsbow of blood, and some iigly sen- 
satiotts felt about the ribs of a chido or 
two. But no lives will bt^ taken ; hr the 
buttoned horns caimot gore the chaiTgcr's 
fianka i and the two or thivo jeu^ old 

hoofs have not th<? heavy tread of those of 
a leader of the herd* Si\ courage*— and 
let us see the fight. 

The furious animal ruehes through the 
gates, head down and tail in tho air. But 
at either *?ide of the entrance, hia torw 
mentitra lie in wait for him. They have 
their hands full of ^mall barbed* dart^, 
with short handles, decked with ril>bon:^. 
These are to be hurled info the sides of 
the bull's neck, to worry him. At his 
Tcry first bound into the arena, he recf ites 
one of these missiles on either side. MmcI- 
dened by the sting, ho turns upon his 
persecutors. They fly— they dodge bis 
thrusts — they leap over the bafrierB. A 
ck uio^ in harlequin *s dress aad bells, wavea 
bis red banner to attract tbe enmged 
animal away from the fijgitivea. Another 
shakes his scarf at him, juit as he is 
making a aalJy against the banner, A 
cloak is thrown in to save the scarf. 
Meanwhile, the barbed shafts are flying 
thick and fstst into the poor brute^s nect 
He roans with rage and agony. lie iscat- 
ters his foes in all directions. He drives 
them out of the ring. 

Then come;* to the chai^ge tbe moiinted 
pkaflor. He, too, is anned with jave- 
lins ; and riding boldly by the side of 
the cantering beastj with well-diaxned 
aim, he drives them homo, until the bleed* 
in^ neck is hung with arrows a^ with a 
double mane* At intervals, the bull, 
fearless of the threatening spear, makes 
an onset) with all his l*>rces* But for the 
preventing balls, his honis would gore 
and rip up tho unprotected flajiks of hia 
enemy ^ letting out his entrails to drag 
upon the ground, and be torn by the no- 
ble steed's own hoo^* As it ifs, the blood 
which stains the charger's sides cornea 
from the bull's neck, and not out of his 
own belly. Horse and rider easily es- 
cape unharmed from the well- balled 
horns. Only the too Tenturesome chulif^ 
who seizes the n&mlh bj^the bomSj may 
be thrown down, and even trodden under 
footj if he be overmastered. In that CAse^ 
he hs withdrawn from his perilous sitim- 
tioHj as st)on as rnJiy be, by his cunjpa- 
niouSr and carried oW to the nx>m of the 
attending surgeon, who, armed, as in the 
days of Dr. Sangradoj with kitcet and 
hot water, stands ready to finish the task 
comroenced In the an^na* 

When the poor bull baa been bullied 
to all hearts' oontenti he is given over to 
the MQiadores. and their assistaiHs. 
These rush in iipon him i and selling 
biin, one* by tho horn^, artoihcr by the 
tail, and the rest as bc^l thty can, they 
hold bim fast Thio airow^ are thcu 


CoiOM de Eipana, 


drftwn out of his bleeding nwifc ; Bn-I re- 
lirrpd of thc?te tJiiet>tnl'orUhl0 omaTiumts, 
b» tsilrugi^l fir f!rJrcn off Iho scene of 
aetei. Tlie hurrahs ^r the hoots of the 
MfMilafiO ibilow htm to the — ^'- - - tr^i* 
{«g M h« fii^ tihiiwti the I I or 

||i0 frh^'" ""'^ For only -. . Lijriie 
INkI «r I wsn tyro^^ whieh ivrtj ox- 

llibaltt'l !iL<niw.'<lfVA to bo Froni the 

puttuf 1 Liiiirifi* The rt^it evil icoti 

a mttrki of the imrt they were 

mrttMi to |*1*> ifi. One, the vury niotticDt 
of oitentig the anuria, kKikixl amund ypoii 
tk0 htwoog aurd h'>>ting crovrd, as if 
amatd ^Dd eonrouTidcMJ by the uniiKal 
«|NCtjide^ or by the uufaToriihlo rwi'ption, 
AnoUuET, afWr retvivinf » javelin or two, 
tiarssd out to be an Arrant covrard, and 
«0ttl4 not %ht on ony terms whatever, 
A tMsrd r*n roaritt^ nway from hm pur- 
wma% wnkmg m rain At every pkte to get 
•ol oC« >or«|M he b«<] no fancy for, and 
oiiljr tamtni; from Fheer dij<^gi]fit to muke 
aA oectfticfiml onsr^ on tbeiiarlequkig who 
looic mkemi VMihsi vrith the tad of his 

Oil the whok, the play went ofT to tho 
gaiifil aatisfiictiof], A bitiahon of ^>1- 
4mm kept the n^^l-cafifi from ctrsmtjt^ 
](3if«eif atid ftiKclt^ tlicm rc'it ron tented 
villi i^t ' ' ^'lood mndinvn tht-Miecks 
^tkn ' They h&rl hcsiclos the 

p^mtBtJ fMKjr fdkiw'K ribs 

nm^! . ^il'H cAp iciKKiH^I into 

dte tb I n '^ ^>i ^'t Lv^o liadly npfted up ; 
nod tli0 ckMik of a tt'rrified chuto pmnod 
to tJht wall Kv {Ya' i,ii][\ KrkMiv ,,^ the 
lbgittf«wa^ ihe 

bttrrkr. Fv. :,.:,w- 

MfE«d V tL'iit ol dc*x- 

larfty ' h' tiier on the 

|»rt cf ! isniniNlSf 

drew \" hracisi- 

As nobody wai kilM or run through, 
DO lady hwl a pret^jit for faintini^. Not 
» Mtmtu H'am besrd. Not a fan wm 
riMl bdWro the i^y^4. Even tht^ t^ni^lkh 
laifte» ]ire«cnt did nut ^y into lirsk^Heg, 
iMtt looked on fv tili ttie mny^ /mitt for 
nydi lh«j %re 90 c«lehrat4-d cm the ei>n- 
ttmt Ktillt imlcsa* I ftm j^atly tni^ 
taJtca, ih«r« waa iome killing done in tbe 

boxes. There were nobler Heirta Rtrnck 
there than any whieh were CKposcd in 
the Hop. For the hull-flj.-^ht, be it mock 
or serious, m not an occji^ian to be let 
slip by the fair one, who ^x-s to it armed 
with daggers both in h**T eyes and gar^ 
ters. I met there also bt^Oes from other 
cbraes^ the fairest blondes of the northern 
w^inter^ who^ ndntrlin;; with I he brunettes 
of the tejTa ctdient€t had learned their 
arts, and went likewise armed to the 
knt^ii too, lire dnn^erous to be 
met with sit bu I Mights. In fiM:t, an addi- 
tion of n few heads of an bum, and eyet of 
blue to the dark beauty of a gallery of 
8|.iAnTsh Se floras and Sefioritaii, makes m 
battery of charraa the most formidable 
that can be imagined. The prmeipal in- 
fitrument, however, of Spanish <x>qnetry| 
whether at the feast of hulli^, or any other 
sort of feajiu, b the fan. In the httle 
hand of a Seilora of the South, the abtmtco 
m as wonder-working an instrument as % 
rod in the gniHp of a tviisArtlj or a sceptno 
in that of a king* It signifies every thing 
— it dgnihei^ nothing. All depends on 
the wmy in which it is flirted. And there 
are a thousand ways. Yet not one of 
I hem can lie described in words. Utterly 
itn possible ! But when you see a fan 
' beckoning to you^ you know at oiit?e what 
it means. Only a liimplelon wotild fall 
of nnderfitanding thia language of na- 
tural signs the y^^tj ttrst lesson that waa ^ 
given him in it^ Yon must be a perfwjt 
blockhead to force a lady to dro|> her fan, 
in order to intimate to you that she takea 
a lively interest in your welfare. That is 
the I&st motion she ever gives it. It is tlsd 
greatest man^jeuvre capable of lieing exe- 
cnted with a fan — to drop it. If it is in a 
war of self-defence that &tm resorts to this 
use of the weapon^ you onght to knovr 
that she has come to the final struggle. 
In fact, it is no more nor less than a pro- 
position to f^nrrender. It is the hsyling 
down of the tlag of the fortress* Then is 
your time ! Seise it like a man^-fbr in s 
another moment you may be for ever too 
]%U\ Rush in at the open gates of the 
citadel of tlie heart : and hold it against 
all comer*— us long as yon can- 







LILIES and roses of the earth, 
That are uplifted gracefully 
Rdoice in your luxurious worth, 

But you are nothing now to me ; 
For in my bosom I have set 
Only a little violet 

Love, from the regions of the air, 
Searching an object for its aim, 

Discovered me reclining fair. 
And through the skies an arrow came : 

Through the fair violet and me 

Came the swift arrow suddenly. 

I felt ray spirits faint and fail, 

I felt the wound that checks the breath, 
My features virore the red and pale, 

But not the livery of death ; 
My troubled eyes a vision met 
Lovelier than any violet 

flower, in whom I see alone 
The bloom of each expressive grace^ 

The beauty of an airy zone, 
And glory of a matchless face ; — 

maiden, like a morn of May, 

You wooed and won my heart away 1 

Your soul is as a tender vine 

That hangs its clusters on the bought ; 
You lead unto a royal shrine 

The homage of a thousand vows ; 
Love, in a raiment shining new, 
Steps from a throne to flatter you. 

Your voice is music heard afar. 

When all the night the moon enshrouds } 
Your eyes are like the morning star 

Beneath the arches of the clouds ; 
Your stature and your graceful guise 
Are as a palm of Paradise. 

Dear is the fond confiding air 

With which you tell your heart to me^ 
And you are blithe as you are fair. 

Blithe as the summer to the tree. 
In you is mirrored and defined 
The nature of my perfect mind. 

Unto the eyelids of my youth 
You hold a deep enchanted glass, 

Wherein the forma of Loye and Truth 
Do most majestically pass ; 

Their hands, from urns of nlyer brig^t^ 

DkpeDse the floiren of my del^t 




HOW ?i^t «tt(l tnrlctia&ble ftr« our 
hnimttOtli *^'' '"M^. ! W© do not 
ipMk M nitfv j! pliriisos, con- 

ilrveleil fcr inUui by drums, or 

trjr tht vibfrnluip iitei?* ot tWqucnlers of 
&hii»(itr> oinei*rts. Such riiiisic, whoso 
jji|^ m iu milr cbnrm. thu Tnetiiory 
BUMri hke nurM^ry rhyitit:^, ^iid fuiJowB 
b nmniiiirk'^ Ju>ct* witbinjt tltbrt Iti- 
disdf tlic vlfurt is odmer n^qim^cd to he 
fill of the burden* We am M captive by 
ibr ft^f^lK^n. iii Ibouj^li tlit'rtt wi^e ft 
luuwiHkrfiiii wiUiin ur wbw?b ff<?«/4 per- 
ml m pnindin^, out the siimo cudlijsfi tnel* 
oilX,irrt- * '1 ■ - * ^■:' ■ . !ik« the Wed- 
dttifC i» ^4' the Ancitanl 

Hftfint : :: ., .., « i...^^.- vl r«\erjr| s»yi 

Tka |ilMUlk>li9 111 1 *l3riil *uii§ 

Tini Mm* ttil trttit • IbfjuMud tlmoi.** 

Slicli WM rendered uttractfTo 

liy foHi^i (lotion. U'tiime ft« 

OOifcrKt': T [1,. ;iij iji our dty*, Iu «?crj 
4|q||| D' .s xLcretho sounda of trtlDc 
wvtv hoiJjvd by dt^^taucv, the muic uiagi- 
cai tocicft ^cmImL Tbinirti?, of Ihemselvt^a 
«oauMHi|*t^*«, by ^ ^reatiTieiit IjimI 

IwcOBli aliiioftt — -if, iiidec<]r 

p«Oi. pfttbon or i-iJMiiMiiL^iu m executioQ 
pmid imiae nitiTniMX'iicvii or p^alitude^ 
lulp jt,r»-.^ -J '.!,. iio what ^ve w*>uld^ 
the tD« * d e vcr>' foouieji, b aun I* 

•4 «»*f \Vt» could tiOt ^i^CRpQ 

iL Or uioiif the street^ in par^ 

\q€ ftji'i , tbQ same Benttmental 




floiteid alioixl us ttko an ofHeioii!) jtfirite, 
■wi 4r«f« tway froin tfH*ir moonn^s 
Iwiyw en ivliich we w^ri? uniit to lloat 
ani aiftTfi tbf' faro, rkf rot'Gfy, leaving ua 
t^i -< owii rrfrain, 

• liar ittay k^am to 
jif^rat* ab ut^h««UaJ th^nv« frofii \\% at- 
indnl liarmf>Ttrrfi, ni^ follow the idea 
«r l^ c»m\^ < akcn up by i««cliati 

4Aff Mcliofi : fannon^. The tra* 

ffloai ailniiiu3iU tiim mwiq to bi piiii 

of fin ajnny wbo^ movemt'nt», though dU 
Tt»r«e, are yet in olHNliencc* to <>n'; t:K>njpre^ 
hensivf miwi that surveys the whole 
firld, and vfill brinj? oi^dvr and unity out 
af eonjUcxity uml iteming tfinfu.siwi. But 
even t« tbo!if? ivbt> ijrwKp the fttnij^mM'r'il 
thoiijfhl and appryeinte the fnll bcantjr 
that Jieelhavwj iir M**7?u't have t*r€?ated, 
whtjt nhadowy, im palatable fonnn arise at 
the surntnon^ of their wondrfius strains 1 
Can tXva ainati^ur describe hi» emotbiii 
wlien the \ttsl tojrcs of tbt* tnasti?r-p}c*oe 
of hjs fnvoHie comjwser are bfnkm^ into 
bjh bifart, while his eye brim a \ritfi ten- 
derueas orexuiUtion ? Can he .<i*y what 
subtle links coiificct music with I be world 
about n.% *o that as the at ream of nn'lody 
flow^ on, green meadows seem to nlojjo to 
its banks, inajestjc trees wave oTi*r it, 
uiountwn® with lu»pin^ ca-scados at and on 
either hand, and the inmunsity of o<3*satt 
heaves on thi? hne of the btin^on t 

But tliero are many strains whkh 
charm the untutored multitude as well as 
the acoom pitched few, und yet are ntt«r* 
ly intan^blr. We fwl their mflucncc as 
of the wind m p^nih dailmnce or iit ro- 
fti£^tie^ tern f jest j and, tbou;;h moved like 
the tree-topa, wc cannot deUun or analy£4 
the viewless for*.^ ihat swlk'pm over u». 
Such sprntiiul mu^sie i^ in^tinet with lifo, 
'* vital in every pJirt;" but yuu cannot 
tell where the subtle t's.MjjK*e forks* Yotl 
cannot anatomii&o the Hirueturv (we ap- 
p«-'al with Uiore conlidencc to non-profes- 
eioiifll ricadeiN). and Msiy, here r«?si*Jcs thii 
anmLating aoul whieh |;tvt£M charaeler and 
ea, f I re khioq to I ht; w ho 3 e* 1 1 la a ti j^tire in 
the kalejtltJinit}|>o, wliich* at every turfij 
i!hang^v4 mto a (tnnbmation of grace be- 
fore unthoiight of. It is an anntral dis^ 
play, where the rrimson Hush of the hky 
ta a canv^a on which e%er-»hiftin^ formi 
of tKSBUty, goMiin^ steebgray. fepBrry* 
white, emerald and p*irple, — 

blend rn ceasele<«s envbrace, only to re^af^ 
|«^ar more ^luriansly, 

L>nca muHtr; then convey ideas and ex- 
cite emotion** al*ove and liey<Jnd the power 
of apeoch 7 U m, may it ni4 aptly sym- 
bof^see those impretKitins which the spirit 
peoeiTcs, witbont knowing buw^ in tliia 
life, and which may Im> Htitii><iHi[l lo b-ar 
an intimate relation to 1^ r tum- 

mnna^nion ici anotb< r s\*\, t*,»mx* I 

Often tjio tnu«ing m! t ^ i -^ Ibrina of 
more than mortal bN..i.jL\ i^iverttii; over 
bit iitad, j«t raiiiiduxig at a brvaiU, Ma 

Etrr MegmhogmCi Cfencirf, 

fairies before an intnif^ing footstep. He 
would cntch and embody the virion, but 
it fiLtlcs itito tii^bulous infisstmctnes-i. und 
odIj the meniorj is left him. Will ha 
not isorne lirighter das'- ri? produce it ? So^ 
ttKj, the piict feels his bniin throbbitij^ 
with wciirhtier thoughts than he c;in rjI 
to the tniiMic of his vurse. Ikatity fill a 
his soul a^ with a visible presenne ; but 
dull characters could never cx|>reiiK all 
that his iTtiaptmiion has conceivtd. \V^dl 
b« not find uitonwjce hen^aftcr 7 

Perhaps the /orwwf into which thotj^ht 
is crystalli?.cd — Hf^ external irtist of vvorda 
•^will perish with the orf^^nns that pro- 
duce them ; but the interior Nfc will sur^ 
Tive, and its character may be appre- 
ciatct! by the finer ^lOwcrs of the spirit, 
without the aid of its original medium. 
It l>ocomefi. then, pleasant to anticipate, 
that niusic^ one of the unircrsal media of 
thou(jht and feelin^c* ^'^^1' ^ti some form, 
accompany us ihrs^ujrh our im mortality* 
And a^ tlie man Jindw beauty and sublim* 
ity in ihe verst^s which he read listlessly 
while ft schoolboy, so with our enlarged 
and unclopj^ed faculties we may perceiva 
a meanrnir and force m music far beyond 
our present apprehensions. Thcretbro it 
ia, wbcnercr music trans^'euds our expe- 
rience as an interpreter of our ideas or 
emotions, or Bupge.sts iinapcs other than 
of the actual world, thai our spirits pro* 
phetically lean forward, and we fancy*^ at 
least, that we catch sounds from th<s 
celestial sphere- Who could hear the 
EubUme andanit moyement from Beetho- 
ven'a ninth symphony without fet^lin^ hi.^ 
soul wafled on the serene airs and fed 
with the beauty aiid rragrance of the bet- 
ter land 7 

Such are porac of the speculations with 
which I was occupied wlitle quietly wait^ 
in^ for the comtuenceineut of Ukrr Re- 
gknpoghn's i-ojici^rt, <Jf course all the 
world has heard of Htiiu KKfiRNUoaiitN, 
The journal is ts» who certainly ou^ht to 
know tell us that he h profouniily skilled 
IP uiitsic, lioth as a stiifuce and a^ an art. 
"VVnh a liberal eclfcticisra he aunbines in 
hta prop^amnies the most dlebrateil ct)m- 
positioiis of all the existing scliools, No*^ 
thing is too minute for his uoticc" ; nothing 
too profoinid for t^ie ^asp of his gtnius. 
The plaintive mtltHhes of the Celts, the 
brilliaut, graceful, imjxissioned music of 
Italy, and the ip'atid. iutolkctual, yt-'t soul- 
full creations of <Jerraiiny, that yweep 
over every chord wherewith we are 
Btrung. all find in him thi^ir comu:)t>n and 
fitting ini<?rprt'tcri And wliclber one 
wouUI Ije swnycd by ihe \\t\m\ movement 
of thti waltz, or would bc^ar tho grand 

Marseillaise till his blood tjn|^les to his 
finder's ends, — whether he would listen to 
the music of love, the alpha and omega 
of the Italian openk or would boar a 
symphony by Beethoven^ '" the Shake- 
sf)CJire of music" — all he may enjoy to 
hrs heart's overflowing at the concerts of 
IlEaa Reg EN BOO EN, So s^aid tb-> editora 
with one accord, from those of the great 
capital of letters nn*l art. down to the 
obscurest man of ink who had been blest 
by the receipt of HiRa Reckn boo en's 
compliments with a card of admission. 

Some days previous, placards with let- 
ters of Patagonian stature, decked with 
all the colors as yet Cf>mpounded in ink 
and emblazoned with attractive symbolic 
devices, had announa^d with p*>rtcntou3 
exclamation points that Hfrr Regenbo- 
CEN was COMING ! The public, stimu- 
lated before to the highest point by the 
wonderful accounts that preceded the 
great master^ waited with caper exjtecta- 
tion for his arrivah Aneclotes of bis 
boyhood, of his youthful struggles, and 
of the tmlliant successes of \{\s manhood, 
appeared in all the newspapers^ It waa 
truly wonderful to seu how familiar the 
press were with the minutest dotailjs of 
his hf story. In due time he came, and 
straightway a new set of " posters," with 
yet larger and more brilliaivt characters, 
publisbod the fact in the crowded streets, 
and announced the first afternoon concert 
in Beethoven Hall* The programme to 
mo was attractive* With Htma Re*7 en- 
boo »:ii'8 well-known taste and tact, how 
could it lie otherwise 1 I obtained a 
ticket by dint of crowding my way for 
near half ait hour towards the oflfiee win^ 
dow^ and wilb the prize in hand j-eached 
the optn stri-^et ai^ain, exhausted, breath- 
Ici^s. and with sad detriment to my gnively 
respectable dress. My but might tje 
cylindrical no niore^ my linen crura pleil 
and limp* and my boctts might bear con- 
tributions of mud from ."scores of huddled 
feet, hut I bad my ticket ; I sbvmld hear 
Uehr Rkoenbogen's orchestra^ and 1 
was more than content *4nti now* artcr 
a day's delightful anticipation^ I hrid bt^cn 
in my place full hiLlf an hour, rumina- 
ting, as the reader is aware, ujjon the 
mystery that is bound up in this ditine 

I'ho usual dilBculty was experienced 
in oblaining seats by tliose whojka state- 
ly figures or rich ctjstumea showed to 
advaiittige in sweeping nloni^ the aisles. 
Thfiti was the usual t] dpi ting nmi gjg* 
glmg of mbs^ds in vikfly t^" ■ ^^ • untial 
indusirions fnmung by li, age^^^ 

though the liall was aL..^....,.,,y c©ol 


Merr Se^e^ip^t Cm^H, 


|irHVH wmtHmtimi • th* itmiaI mnk- 


' .1 fit- 

U] Twflcj* 


l3%r \h^ ^r^i r 

H';t'>\ unps r'l :\ '-iniifiier 

«K4>vrr on ihc roof uf an oki funiibouso 

by »*irbt ^ r^ ■ 

' '-— "w - — - — ffT^m 

tlie c^rriic^t r 


»a tujiTii;, *' - 


tjwtt tWft T 

It? cjimJIini^ of 

fliUrs fti>d ! 

*»r tli<* oIrhs, 

ndoTfriXI ' 

:d(! mng J 

IIM M^i- 

'-^ lM?mg 


luniierpi tuUMvil and tocjk 

ttdr pl*n^ T ><i Hi uf %! 1 ct& iiii* iJ a it a R i> 


i3*vi»): !»owwl lirnvcly to 


multitude, str]>[M?d Upon 


■d by the 

^oqU of V. 

of JICI^ 

fblMal bft»4ikrr^ 

riK 1^ uu'i iiK- tiihilto of 

iMfm Olftt fisd »t h(.t fi^et He did nut 


' -'^ HiF iir s^xntRHl U> 


•^tT^>lyU^l^; wli«n 


■ i r».,],t i-,f benefit 

iDoe ind 


j at sKn- 


Old i rognrded 

Ite «lth ' 

i. Not tbftt I 

a lur^iL'tt* i my 
1t<»f!4**l ill hoy hood 
If ' iho 

kr- :dc» 

fli*>l hjTp\t trie J 1 h^jt I he 
ti^t«7«a •qatirei »m ho barely nittvd 
hm kBM Mvcr m fork in the lofli«gt tree 
Bb amMMf irt« |»Uiii aiuI unpnstciiiikig. 
tb» wfisMVf wliHe glovfs iitd wtistco«t 
jMi wintiii^ ; hut thciv i« ah do frit>* 
«f wileh jm^ ditrDond pma or 
!ik modect drtfss, iliii fiu^o 
«»« a ttodj. Th« t4siiiptt!Hu front i« hicK 
lay itniiolhly Wk^ hki»« tboi^ of 
|»04» and xrti^tii, nw^Ucd to a full 
The mouth wwH 
Ii vv €!umpr^''»^'d witli 

i^xik uf c^nmmnd, rio^- jii«t 
fiffUp^Jlbljr miliDjE, ind now tn^niuloui 
VilJi » wM^ifliij whM ' 
«• ii mmf be to the 

fl««rlMUif by |irTjJ«t>txn 
by tMlHiof -1 * 

Wbtfvftr K 

ll OTmcti hki^ the 4. 
wtiirli «« rtery Ui 
I deOa* tfi^ftM^tiMii. 

\Ui f-Tt <•! u-iJ - I 

, Willi ft 


11, could 

■ - rvt^^ 


f n 

ihi^ iMArt 

p^fotTiid to 


■ f«- 


I riih»r 

orchestra, in which cvcfy performer 
wajt himself a master, I knew £ tihouI4 

"Snctj in&t«i uv wirblKl to til* «trttt(t, 
Aod mwlu Ilel] gi-Aiit what luv« <ty iwk;* 

or loflJer sttaina, which would 

And lirliif fell buren ImAhv ibIb« ^fM," 

How attt'nttTelj, rcvoretitlf , the miiiw 
dans awmitiH] the BipiA) I Not i more- 
Tiient ihroiigliout the #erri«d line, Froni 
the lending Tiolin down to the men of 
dnims and cymhali, they stood like an- 
1oni*u. The white wand was mi$^.'d and 
swept evenly like a pendulum j the sym- 
phony begun, I had neVL-r heard* the 
great work before, If it had been fa- 
iniUar^ rny attention niij;bt have been 

fWen to crrtical observfttions j I might 
ave endeavored to notice the treatment 
of the principal motifs by the com|»oser, 
and the style of eiefiition by the per- 
formers, rtappily it W!t4 n<?w, and I was 
content to listen with the unc^uostioning 
dehghtof a clulil, and to surs-cndcr my- 
self wholly to its influences. The nam*, 
the Italian Symphony, gavti me nn idea 
of it* chamcieri but. i'ven nitliout Uiit 
key^ it would not have i>een ditllcuft ta 
guess the design of the coTii|:io8er. 1 1 had 
no salient melotiie^ like tlio^ of Moxart 
and RoBsini ; its 1>e&uty was the rr5{ult 
of compleir forces. Y'ou foflowtnl no sin- 
gle ^'^'"'^■^'^"^1 ; you found no returning 
&tr:i to. But the wholv had tut 

exqu, .. t ;uinetry whii'h tlie oioi^tHion 
of the moat Nub^irflinnte part would Imva 
jicriously marred. A thought from tha 
** Fable fbr Critics,'* which wiwi recalled 
tiy this vi'oiidi.trful unity, showg tha 
aatlogy between [loetry^ and music in thia 
reipect^ — 

** !f«* LI la {i4t on* Uihiif Pflf itfoUlar liftii* 
llAkv« « pn*nv t(it tMh*t th«N fKborsI tatmn 
Tbr »iitn»Ukliif pttTftdlnE, uulUdg tb# wl>i)^ 

fkt tliat )fiit lA mwi«lBf till* MS* of tb«t. p^ 
Tiilt* ttwmft M U ww*^ ft eiitff Umh uf Uj« iiaUtiw* 

Under the iiTeslstihle ^fpell of the nujiie 
I w«!; tiiMju in lt«ly. aninnj^ the !M-'eTH*a It 
tto vividly rv-priiditixwi fTuajritiation out- 
htrip|ied tlic diligenrn and th** rulway 
tmin. I *nw the mouniain and it^ airy 
pjith oviT whk'h I he mule Heek*t his w»y 
chroiijih tlu'Uikt 't but I w&a e^emfit from 
the imlmmw tran^iL Whatrvi-r thcmu^ic 
»u|fy[csle*i or mr*rn'tn* nrn}M, I paw 
wiUiMtji the f:«i ! ^it aft 

imjio^d ujioii bamt 

on ii*ar«l+ a."« u p-- 1 tj a g-. ; 1 1 1 v i : n * 1 1 ] 1 1 u ug ciii«« 
rent. >Jy HhalUi]t HWtpt nuder XXin aW' 

Herr Ik^mhof^m^i UomerL 


dow of mftrble palaccfi^ and its silken sxni! 
WHS ^istenden^ with perfumed ^frs from 
the shore. Monuments of Grecian pi?niua 
and of Eomati art, partly cniTfibJiug or 
protje, crowned the height? or j^learaed 
»mOTig duraps of trees m yale^ All thikt 
the travel k'r and artist hav^^ brought over 
the Atlantic— St, Peter's, tlif Calitsciim, 
baths and temples iiiioibtTiOfiS. stet-ple* 
hatttnl baiidiU^ cowled and tom^ured 
monks* and the intdLitudint>us confuKion 
of the Ciirnival — all crowdt'4 in airy pro- 
cession before me. 

But wliJlfj in imagination imder the 
gloriouii sky of Italy, rapt in the thouglits 
which itss past msgnificencc inspired. I 
was coiiscioiia of an aknost startling wn- 
fiatvon at every modulation of the mui>ic 
iiito a new key. The key in which music 
is written, as every reader knows^ ha^ 
much to do with its character and effect. 
It is to music what the background is to 
a patntinj^ ; upon its tone* stimbre or mel- 
low, depends all the harmony of coloring 
«nd much of the expretvsioo of the promi- 
neat figures* It is the warp through 
which the silver thread of melody h 
woven* It is the language — Italian, Eng- 
lish or French^ that by its liquid or 
Btroag or impassioned character moulds 
tlie poet^s conceptioni* My temperament 
la im]}re,^sibl@j and I am afiectetl in an unti- 
fiual degree by the changes of key which 
a great oomposar knows how to introduce}. 
Sometimes afler a ierce tumult of sounds, 
aE» in representing a battle or cleniCDtal 
Btrifa, the change brings a relief like en- 
teiing a cool grotto out of the noontide 
glare, or like breatliing the dewy air of 
evening after the toil and dust of a long 
Bummer^ii day. When the modulation is 
gradually eficcted, it biings a gentle sen* 
tation of pleasure without challenging any 
Ttaeotal exertion* It is hut the swinging 
of the door on golden hinges, which when 
opened discloses neff delighta beyond* 
But often the abrupt change bniij^ a 
sudden and thrilling emotion, m when 

" on ■ *mld*ti opttti &y 

HjumL tliuoikit'.^ 

HKua Rii:f;c]^Bo<^KN seemed to have 
ifached jjerfectign in this respocL The 
harmunies which his orchestra gave were 
ab^luki, not mere approxtuiatioiis. And 
when a theme hml produced its clTect in 
one key^ and was to be repealed with a 
new shade of coloring, the transitton was 
marked by an wixy simplicity which is 
the result of the highest art. The k&s 
sympathetio listener might doubt whether 

there bad been any change at all. My 

nerves e-iuld but acknowledj^e th»3 ex- 
quisite delicacy and precision of intona- 
tion ; every fibre wiui tremulous while 
,the chromatic intervals were firmly yet 
airily touched in the modulation. Tljero 
wa-S no creaking as of rusty hinges, no- 
thing of the jolt that attends the '* awiteh- 
ing off" a car on the railway. Either 
the bland toneis imperceptibly shifted inio 
other convbinations, or suddenly arranged 
themselves on a new front with the start- 
ling effect of an instantaneous miJttary 
niftnoDuvre, In one caso it was a vaguely 
indolent pleasure, lulling tlie itenises in 
elysium ; in the other, a bold rapture that 
led captive the asConishei souL 

A new phenomenon was now apparent 
under the sway of Kkrk RKocsiBoiiCN's 
marvellous baton. I hud formerly read 
of Gardiner- s ingenious^ theory of tlie cor- 
rej^pondeiiee tf»tween the seven prismatic 
colors and the i^cven tones of the scale, but 
it rested in a dusty crypt, covered with 
an accumulation of later deposits. Now 
by some occult association of ideas it 
came vividly to mind, I could not re- 
member the particular color which was 
assigned to any one tone 5 nor» indeed, 
could I have told tlie letter to which any 
passing tone was ais«igned. But, by a not 
unnatural analogy, the succession of keys 
that left so deep an impression upon my 
Kjind) seemed to diffuse in turn their pe- 
culiar hues as well a^ their interior intla- 
cnces through the air* Every pulse of 
sound that knocked at the ear appealed 
to the sight a«; well* For the air that 
trembled with those magical tones seem«d 
to have a supernatural subtlety, and when 
cheerful or soothing music prevailed, was 
tinted with azure, araetliystj am Iter or 
rose color ; or it sbifWd" im perceptibly 
from one to another, like the colors of the 
opal when turned in the sun, or as the 
light breaks from the glo^isy plumage of 
the pigeon-s neck* When passion in- 
spired the fttmin, deeper colors pervuded — 
scarlet, crimi&on, purple, or goM^brown. 
Every em lion eten seemed to have its 
symbolic hue; and as love and jt^alousy^ 
fc|K)sc-aud fear, hope and despair al- 
lematodj the sympathetic ether quiv- 
ered with a cew and oflen sUirtling 

llerr Regenb*^gen seemed to be ab- 
sorbed in th^ development of these won* 
drous modulations^ lisiening with evident 
solicittidu to Im vure that the orchestra 
maintained the exqui-^ite relation of tones 
which had such jmiver over th^ primal 
elemeiitH of mutter. And when ui th<i 
swee^^of iiii wand the twCt aaurc disMJlvud 


Jltrr Ittpenbo^m^i Von^rL 


iBt» pcmtM, or 1>lM)od with ihe color of 
1^ oHokPi lif«i«l, his Aiudous ey« briglit< 
tsvl sad bk fSui wore m ^tul look of 

INil with all Uiu pcrflx^t}0n of hArniony 
■doij ^ ' ncgloctixi, Th(? themes 

wHJk » m\k in dl*tiir[g wilKout 

■ wmf v^ irt|; frtntr tlie lirendth 

of dwjif '«^^ 1<:i'3 :j I U'-Lrii.ess nml 

fl«^, sada lilt 

«lin duKTsr^ • ^ ijf 

ll» p«rf«ei m&^tt. 8f> ilu^t a^ ti ic ix^uocrt 
fVUMdHl, tho I«|tttmia.t« ^u^ifciitiotiii of 
tilt miiie lii4 thehr Aill weight with t>¥tTy 

Hcndy imitfttivi ttm«ib ir^rr R«g«nl)o« 
fn ii Qwietvtood to i'i%Urni lightly. He 
wvolil u ' 't, i-xrrpt m burlesque, 

to p iw L . Id \\^ (btii?. ttR- ti^-^cr's 

kiip^ die if->TTipuiigaf bfi^tTialOf*^ (lie riK»9iig 
if ^ow, wr lh# BurjjfiiiK of k*viathAiVi 



' K other 
Birds RWinzing 
ftoiiglii^ luippj Jt* t-he 00od of 
iflt ttodttlmted ttmm^ti Him air, 
foOf «« Ukw rightful ^utrt in 
3UiMf^« f^rmad 9reii«str% of which Ilerr 
<mlj A section. The 

1^ varied c%ltU nnd 
afw f|aiiUMuiily to 
«A mfti^ «9oloe» l< 
mk tMr Wris wkiiq^' 
IP tfe naile luftly roMw 

« is plains bettutT. 
At aanA, ton p^/ 

Kilenlly ; only* us 

ioniid E& of tlio 

^ * oAk)^ ou Mmi0 

.<• he&rt with 

" 'i'tI away 

^1 Anw'ti 

. iHLfn>"d 



r >*t4Jrill, 

i> wavc^ 

rmtbiis Uic flr^t p.irt 
cd. Ono by ooc, tluj 
•topped, And the iaj^t 
■ito fBMdoil lo ttwoon iwray ; you cutild 
•« «|f wIm» ite biT4lh)i]|< ctiaiii<'i. It 
mm m in— tinn wvrtli « \eftr'ii life. T 
kaiiljr Idiiw wittllier t waji %i\\\ in tha 
l«l ^nttfifki, wliOe the poArly pink at- 
SMiMV ufvrfeBiii; the dctvH* tiJn>lt^^ 1 
Oirfi mA lura frara at reTiTv anil jiakh 
te ciicTmiMaii m jpwidng &k^iig tfii: 
|iito«e< mnks -if fhv \^*n-'j\W':, or in 

wm f^|i^U44. AUU I Wia but lua h4|>|jy ;i 

Such A concert my Ifiend Lowell %i'^ 
tended when he wrote this cjtquisjle frag- 
ment : 

**TIU«fc*rualilfiir. like an ikomti TUt 
OrvlsJ.n . ' Lr1«s)i»tin^ 

TLciui. ilv md Out 

Aj citirf?, ^' wtiH« thv lid 

** Off In Sqw tniimjim tiiflf begait 

Ai ci'ttr K htrp vKaHai} 

A fltf^il brveics Qnttl tlii7 nui 

U}! tt) ■AtictdQii ecatuy* 

" And then Uk« mlnnbqMJrop* of tiln ^ 

Ilinpdng kn w«lar »ilror|j^ 
The; linfvrtnif ifrnpiiad and droppoil ig■ll^ 
"nil U wu tlmMl Uks ft p«lp 
IVi llilva vrben ll» out wanM b«." 

The second part of the concertj accord- 
ing to the pro|tf atonic, was to con^sist of i 
niiw work by Ilerr Ik^genbopMi him^lf* 
I H\Taii«*l its coiiiniuoct^iiK^nt with curiosi* 
ty not attojivthLT fr^ from ffl|iprii'liension ; 
for Ko compteU? had bvt'O his success m an 
i«U"rprvt<;r of the i^jrund conocfitions of 
oth<?ri?, that I fc/irt'd he would W una bio 
to niAiiitaln the interest he had artxisod- 
A jwrft^ct conductor h not necessarily % 
coTiijjostT, any nioru timn a coiiNumniatc 
actor is a poet or rUetoriciani I ktiuw 
that if thert! w«r<^ any new orchestral 
effects po«^ible we should have thetu. The 
harmonies would undouhliidly be at one© 
massive and flowing, and the iitrijost ^ood 
taste would tetO|:k*r thii whole ; but the 
freshness of orij^inality might ^fter all be 
wanting. I did not know lierr Hcgen- 

AtUif A brief prelude the M*c«>nd sym* 
ptuiny be^fin ; before a do?A-n loefthurea 
were jjerfuniiLMl my apprwhi-nsious wera 
At an end. Tliu structure of every phrase 
gin) wed the master ; and lh*i nic I ody, 
fiulic^ntf clearly dertncd* and licarinja^ % 
uwiatiiiiK. beyond words, allbctc.'d me incx* 
prv-v^ibly. Ah tho pointer who aim^ to 
jK^rtray the huuiiin form in vnriouii alti* 
tude^4^ and under the infbieiire of di He re tit 
emotions. |jalienily studies anat^joiy, And 
reprofiucej!^ uu bis canvas the mniitteat 
ctfwt of mu»<iu!ar action in the \Xtmg 
' " ^ "^ it Ncit H icd to m e, 1 1 iti 1 m %^ ' n I h>- 
Mjdied the amilomy of the «>ul, 

!,,,.,_ : ii.-.V liiiu- In :i^vjvk^ II t^vi<ry sett- 

iAfi^fU hi . lit; tbo 

worlvM tjf th'' rreAt inftitterN^ i\wm he had 

tiK'^fl rm Uti'l^f's tn lh>* tn^itTiit^nt of iTm 

i him the I f 

lin **F ]q\ y 


uol ]u:l ici^p 


Serf Itt^mhogm^s Concert 


dental lucky bit ; nor were bb symbols 
mero coTVYentjonalisnis j so exquisite was 
thtur atkptation, there was no mistaking 
the composer^s firift ? you rushed on with 
the inufcic. nmi felt every emotion it was 
designed to portray. Whul wonderful 
force now attende<t *iflch n*oduJation, while 
with this music piercing to the innermost 
soul, the atmofsphere f&Bpl&jod ite chro- 
mntic changes ! 

Tho effect of constant attention had now 
be<^ome almost painful. I seemed to lose 
individuahty and power of rtm^tanoe. My 
whole being throbljetl with the rhythm 
of the orchestra ; and, as the *' medium " 
IDf mesmeric subject is conscious of the 
presence of another soul in her own. so 
the yery citadel of life seemed possessed 
by the genius of musrc, nnlil I wa« help- 
~'ess alike in^ni}' jo}^ and in my dissolving 
ufkTS, I was like a cloud driven by the 
rfnd, dyed hy the sun's clicmistryj and 
hlriiivered by lightning. 

For very relief from this overmaster- 
ing inftnence, though it was &g fajscinating 
IR opium* I dcicrtnincd to brerik away 
and to watch the effect of the music and 
the changeful light ujvan others. 

A ruddy fiico near me while a flood of 
crimson loured down might have served 
Fal staff for a flambeau ; ani>n it was over- 
apread with a ghastly green such as old 
fKoger Chill ingworth wore in his later, 
evil days. His whiskers, that doubtless 
looked respectably brown while on his 
morning promenadcy now bore the unde- 
[ Ctded hue that generally attends the ef-^ 
fiirts of the chemist to imitate nature. 
Wbat an ordeal for shams was this 
zauberlichtl There was a maiden^ ^ 
model of the reigning mode in dress and 
adornments^ doubtless tbe beloved of 
»ome dry-goods clerk j her features arch, 
her eye dancing with an exuberance of 
epiritk What a fascinating creature she 
eeemed while the soft rose tint prevailed J 
But just then an amber radiance was dif- 
fused, and her clieekt so delicately shaded 
before, told of cosmetics and artistic 
touches ; her teeth, before pearls, were 
fftlpttblT just from the furnace of the den- 
tist* •* l)ear mo/' whispereil the once fair 
, one with a shuddering self-appreciation^ 
I-** I do hope the music will change from 
'bis horrid key ; I never could abide four 
f ^ats ! ** Her admirers seemed dubious as 
Ifo the coni^truction of her remarkf and 
lljesitAted whether they ought to be abash- 
let! or atlmntwlj meanwhije their cheeks 
^Tlvallcd the flitting plaj' of c^^I' 
1 dying dolphin. But with a si- 
of the rjdicnlous she exclaimed; ii whh, 
$hould keep on, what & sight Madame 

Partfilott will be* to be irarc I How funny 
to leave her monstrous head-dress blog- 
FOTuinjjc like a bunch of yellow holly- 
bocks ! " 

'^ There comes dear old Mr* Fiftysii," 
said her yonnger and more rustic com* 
panion. ** See his face rippling into smiles, 
like a film of cream breathed on by the 
dairymaid/' "Yes," rejoined the more 
expeoenced dami^l^ *^and loc>k. too» at his 
Gomiejil liead. One can see now each sep- 
arate simple of which his hair-dye is com- 
pounded." " Better make a note of ftiem 
in ttmcj" said a voice that suggested an 
exee.^g of free acid. I looked at the lemon- 
colored portal from which this ill-ns^tured 
warning came, an<l remefubered the face ; 
it wm one I had formerly admii:ed ; now 
it gave me an inward start. For, a=5 I 
looked, green reigned ; and the eyes that 
had seemed so tctiderly bhie in the crys- 
tal light, were nofV diilMiko sea- water, or, 
at times, were Kg hied up witFi a sinister, 
feline lustre. Her hairj which curled so 
coquottishly, was now almost instinct 
with life in its crisp radiation, 1 even 
fancied each coil a serpent and herself the 
ancient Medusa, And if thm be envy, I 
thought how fortunate is it^ that in the 
clear light which falls ujx>n earth a veil is 
thrown over much that would otberwisB 
render us miserable, 

A young woman not many seats re- 
moved seemed to be giving her whole soul 
to the music^ Soinetimes she nodded or 
whispered a brfef word in answt*r to lier 
companion, but still she was a loyal sub- 
ject of Ilcrr Regenlxjgen, The cora^* 
iianion seemed to be at the cross-roads ; 
lie looketi at her doubtfully, for her face 
was not beautiful, and she used no co- 
quettish arts of fascination* lie evidently 
construed her undivided and eager atten- 
tion to the orche^itra as in some measure 
a slight to himself. With a less e^ympap 
tbetic organization, he oould not appre- 
ciate that perfection in music which so 
enchained her. Soon there came a gh>- 
rioufl strain, lofty and pure as the sky, 
and diffusing a mild, blue radiance* Ko- 
thing of enchantment ever equalled th© 
effect of that azure light upon the phuti 
features of the maiden. In her eyes the 
warmth of atftfction enhaoijed and i>flcned 
the gleam of intellect^ and a halo encircted 
her head like that which painters give to 
the Virgin Mother* I hoped the hesita- 
ting admirer wotdd see her transhgura- 
tion ; and he did. If he ever forge tj* that 
reveliiliyn he is no true man, 

A liuninutive tlgure with ^y^s like an I 
owl, sitting by the side of agHyl ydni^stHl i 
woman^ his wife, apparently, next caught J 


fftrr Apmho^'^i CmetrL 


mw §XUen\km. flow he^ omie to the fort- 

o»t wan m ni>>t"' ' '"' "'" ^'vnknulf 

Willi |»penL ftttd jkt hi the 

■iMPi^ lii Mspis#tl liny: '' prtKjf ^* 

#» IIm tOfi of hi* ^ ' '^r hig M'ai^t- 

^••l pockvi m M^rwit of cTtiiKl^ri jtist »{»- 
naml, which ixil|;hl Imvo fiu|c$^ted the 
Iteiva pifM^ Wt on & clomr yWw J mw 
thai it win » pHyicirian'» T»cle m«cum. 
fhitt, tbav w»* pTobublf * luvtek^r ot Hit 
JiifTWfl aocieiM, ©w of At ** cmiiwnl i^rav- 
Mtawi'ttloolliicsoi'jt:.- ^ ' ^afc 

dtoir of old bfloi ' A 

Im tall of nutki^ i^ inHiriMn-u, « ^tdd 
htini ad pbos wlit ix^iii to |iore oTor Urn 
^tm/bamhtd tud n^ckf^Jt erudition exccpl 
la Bwilwiiiw H»ll r Would the moxoh 
iif •wf teavv U>«^ ilivru^if tliicki't i^ht^ro 
ht bwl Ml kinf }t^ and wiUing* 

Ijraaaa ta Uie du; • i'lenng of gfty 

tanii I Madame, hui richly drc^^^ wift^, 
mty |yi?« capltiml him fur Iho 
1 fwrhftp with hhn her olht!? 
a Jfnnng mftO with hiuidicotne 
^ with the visible imprvs!* of 

I «tt hi» brow. 

Jf «pon 
Imd of > 



ici;- ill- 
tu mast 

... . ', ,t * 


Juat Itei tlie mnab aiKlled tti 
^affaaoi Mtrrn'ri. k^ucU aa mi^i ' 
pwtad Oirat) on h^ re- 

Im U' r hmri kindled at 

Ife aainM* J^mUow? Ktopptnl ttiymf^ with 
tete; even l>ocU>r Ov^l cntTniikd ht£ 
papva aod kiolicd alir^ut him a>i if in wou* 
dv a& tha fisibk* mlhuKijuifi of thc» »u* 
dm^oij aad al Uir of 

Ifatair; hot Um ^ in 

hliil It fl*«ld Univ rniAi.* vMnm^'u Hv aUj^« 

Mttt cmaftla as amaL Tbo fitinh of ex* 
bteaSim an liie fiKt^ ^ ** '^- ^mhitioujt 
Mik waa In ■uvoit <^Hb (htr 

Li^faid aflrrtatioo ^ : i.' in tho 

vawHO uf l^liiutit and with the KktnnVf 
MR^flKaUcvlorctl f«cv t>r L>iM:tor Uwl« 
Mh of ti^Mii rrfartlod th«» fj^'v of tUu 
li^l^l^vd cfilhu^imMC ^itb adniirution. 
Pf«ik» ! A ch&nrc nf -^tught a 

Hifpli tm*;^ hW t H<iii now 

iHMl ' from thi: i>i:<i of ihifl 

<t >Wi g* 1^ one cftfrcrly nolfliih, 



» IV* 

- -.«. ,.,.— jP '..-^* to 

■ml hk SMlo ^— *| if ^oa 

could sec her fiice under this light, it 
would be enough." 

A vount* man with silken nioimttcbe* 
and delicate fcttturts. his hands riusetl in 
»|MJtiess gloves, sat beside % girl who 
tiiTght in Paris hoTc bwn Ink en (or a 
griH^tt^. Evident disparity in rwnk, as 
the world Um& settled it, tmsvA a widl be- 
tween them. True manlinoiw might level 
it, but, aljis. if he does pass over, how 
bkt^ly IS it that it will be by stealthiJj 
climbing like a thi«fl While he whi^- 
|x?riMl she cftst IwT eyes upon her pmity 
fijot that kept uit^ottsciouii time to a deli^ 
ciaus tiir. Under the bllnence of tba 
mui^ic, which now was like V'rdrai Cat-in^ 
in its tender Rimphrily, litsiening ta the 
hoiiejed words which M'ero breathed in her 
ean the maidi^n wm bdled mlo a dre^in 
of lore, I almost thought that llerr 
Hegenbt)gen had observed Uie net spread 
for her ; for the key chimped with a stun* 
iiing violence. Crimson Jlnsheti the face 
of the $nitor. telling of nightly debauch- 
ery ^ And from his oyo ^]%r^ a lund lUinfit 
Could the simple girl have look^ up Iha 
£|M*I] would haw beea 'hit^ketK Bui sha 
did noL 

The unequalled excellence of thismusit^ 
i<M:ompanied by the unearth I y lights thai 
pluwetl or trembled or dnticod through 
ilw tiir, appciireil to me to evinee *ticlj su- 
pjni!itin»t jHjvviT that 1 wondered at tho 
ct^mparativo inditlvrenc^ which th@ audi- 
etiLD manilbstefh It is true they wtm VDr 
thnntastic in their Admiration^ and ap- 
plauded to the «cho every marked pas* 
aagc^ ; but it was merely such enthiuEiaitii 
as I hwi witnessed when Jenny Lind 
uane ; it was thu tribute whieh genius lit 
itji bibber niauifestalions always ohtaiiia. 
But this unheardnjf art, whieh campaswd 
all height and depth and masterod IhA 
very 8oul of the liKtener, and to whic^ 
the eI<'iuentHof tlu^ r:. v ' wjrld flocmod 
to be in per feu I o\» \Hivd to QM 

t*i bt* but imjuirlLi 1 1 ^ stiiJ^-ciatedi It 
waj*, dunbtle^K, owing to the f&ct that 
Herr lic^eitUigtMi had wiwidy brought tho 
audience by vaHy and aliiMiat JnseoidbAs 
dcgn*!.s. fruiri Hi' ir di Tl-ht in merely m^ 
chjir inl!uen«» of tho 

prt>t in Use retch of 

the h u II *an J4*c i J U fi^. A t\%>nl i j i g ly j w hi la t 
tUeste last and almost nurucnlons riviulta 
weni> pro< luted, though the attention of 
all was rivete^l, yet it wajt not a painful or 
enforced silencQ: every ouv aeemi^d at 
ewm I and tho oocaAionAl whimper, tha 
Bid<;bng g1anee« the adjustment uf oma- 
inenla, the relief-givmg chaunEe of |ioaitk>iL 
all were part of ttm u«ual txpntmum of 
gonoert goarflta A hw euthuaiaatk |«<9^ 


Wiff Bi§ 

t'# £^nc*rl. 


seemed to me ta isrnipatlns&c with my own 
highly wrought fwltngs ^ orKl it rclifiTed 
mts to fiml mj^sclf justTfietl by their cx- 
mmplc. so thjit I mifrht h<* Bure I wns 
neither drenmin^, nor pursued hj the 
thick coJTiing rancb^ of in^ftnity, 

Amoni,^ tlie fact*s thri« lighliMi up wns 
th«t f>f n lady clresf^ed in hlack Bitting 
under tlie )jaltx)ny with a bright boy of 
eight f>r tpn renrs by her siilc* Poverty 
waa not wholly conomled by her moiim- 
lijg garb, nor by the neatness which 
H3*rked her own and her boy's appear- 
ance, Undor the oppressiTC splendor her 
eyes were dovvncaH(; and her face pale. 
The boy looked up inquiringly, putting 
h>3 little hand in hers. Agnin the key 
chanjrert. nod the hall wfi3 filled with an 
indescribable rosy and golden ltg:ht such 
as the west caists on mountain and cloud 
when the sun pannes on the horizon, A 
henvenly melody floated out upon the air, 
whik* every mre and delicate dettce of in- 
strum en tation was employed to buoy it 
np and hei^^hten its beauty. Even the 
immortal trio in Don Giovanni never af- 
fected vm^ m deeply* The widow's soft 
©yes were suffused with tears, and their 
upward gflauces set^med '-commercing 
with the skies," Was not the spirit of 
the husband near to enjoy with her thnt 
wondrous uiTisic, and to know with what 
tender aflection she cherished his mem- 
ory ? 

My attention was soon recalled to the 
cnrhestra, for I heard the prelude to a 
nevir movement. A few violins, a yiolon- 
ceilo, horn, flute, bnssoon and harp, were 
detailed ns nn advance corps, leaving the 
main anuy to fullovv in re^serve. Very 
few perMJUi^ who have attempted to put 
their in>]ife,ssions of music on paper ean 
be as ipiorant as I atu of the mathematics 
on which the ^lence resets. 1 do not 
know the natue of a single chord ; and as 
for inodoktions I have not the least idea 
of file hiwB which govern them. Sii!!, 
Jong exiKi'ritni'u as a listener, am! an in* 
stinct whicJi miisician^ tell me rarely erra^ 
enable me to detect errors and appreciate 
eTcell<?ncies even in the minutest etfeets, 
Thereftiru I cannot tell what charm Herr 
Rcgenljogen hod given to this final move- 
ment ; but it was btjyond my highest 
conception. Airs danci'^ to each other in 
ceaseless play, sparkling like gold fishea. 
The low tone ttmt eloKed some deliente 
strain sup[x>rted on its firm base a troop 
ottnelodies that came leaping and carol- 
Unf afkr it ; ea«h of which in turn rested 
■s the found lit ion for a now display. Then 
came a ^leri-xt uf re|i**ye. The exul»etance 
c^f epirits that had animated the principal 

instruments snhsided, and all blended 
into a choral strain so full and perfect in 
its harmony that another element coul4 
not be imagined- Over this stream of 

^ DmP) ni^«itl<\ imootlk tad Urongip'* 
I heard the silvery Tibrationa of a harp 
as it was touched by a master hand ; and 
I strove to catch the countenance of the 
player who could create such sounds* 
But the light* danced over the orchestra 
like igues fatui* Mfsta seemed to envelope 
the harp as with a dim cloud that »Mhook 
into widening circles with every vibra- 
tion, forming a glory around it I could 
see no object clearly. As in a battle the 
spectator sees through tlie smoke and the 
confused cru^h of men, now an arm with 
blfliing sword, now a Innco, now colors 
waving, and now a rearing horse, m m 
the gpot whence the music issued, I caught 
glimpses of instruments and players 
through the rosy mist. And the harp 
seem^ to be the same which is immor- 
tatbed In the old ballad, — made from the 
breast-bone of a woman ; for T saw the 
yellow hair gbsten as tliose gentle fingers 
caressed it, 

" A IbmaijA hvpirr i«4e1iif by^ 

BlMiioKe, O BlDjr^<rr1«t 
Tbe sweet f^k flicfl hu chaaitred ta apf 

h3i& Yf lien l3« irnkftd thnt luly cdi, 

filrttiorio, O BSDnorti^^ 
lift Blgtaad and niade « hnrf tnnaiif 

By tbff b«iii}7 mlli.dBai4 of BlaDorla, 

He miidA A fatrf} ot ber breMt-boaoy 

BliiBurtc^ ^e 
Wbnsa eotifidB w^ld tacit a beart of steii% 

&y 4hd bc»DJ)jr^ &^, 

The strtag* ht ftniawl of her f^Uow bafr, 
Bttinnrle^ Jfecv 

With sttch delight the momenta paj^sefl, 
that the lotid shoutR, the universal clap- 
ping of hands^ and the j^eneral movement 
of the audience, first indicated to me the 
close of the concert, I did not applaud ; 
the noisy tribute of hands and feet seem- 
ed a most unfit manirestation. I remained 
6xed upon my seat while the fading colors 
fluttered through tlic lofty roorn and 
melted in the cool ashy twilight that 
came in at the upper windows. When 
the musicians had all gone^ when Herr 
Regenbogen had picked up the fragrant 
Bowers that were now incontestably hfSj 
and the last straggling auditor was leav- 
ing \\\2 darkening hall, I stepped mto the 
gtrcct, alone though in % crowd^ atid wDut 
to my fioUlary rocmi. 




A n*mnff «... 

U.I niLllL 

"Hint timn % A%w \t rth* ftn.1 fljiwit 

Y*t : ■ ■ ■ 

T»" ■ ■ iiirtsfi. 

* 1 wv vtur ftiiY ti««^ if nt^ tt»« •»« «f i «tt7 wiJi bat on vbleli a *GliiiDf;» HM Mum <««•» tlMmfe««l 

W^ «^«» ftK*** ^ ' ^' b iUl thp Vldliw upon ft MliTkl'i Jickat finr., .t ^ft 

IteA tol vnib Qilr 'IndiHf In piivm^bouMa iif •tun# ; fninii i»«Tr. . 1 1^ 

** Tkt JWiiwirplMiP of £4Atin 

NOT WIT i^thrffugh 

tlie loti I little ta 

■^ tforpTM*, «ii Uk' iu>jli.i i^f Wnll-sir^t I 
a^ t oonlil not hc]|i lo^jkitig dbru£|i$ct^ 
Utf 9pQii tli« 4ewM ftfi'l lit'«itj|<^tt kit c^n- 
emmmk there. Soiaoevli^r^ in tho§o yt^ar^ 
vkir^ lit tMtWMn tlrim(tiT«^ Atlalcsf^m^^ 
miA mf pm a tn t idirAtiPdcrl ( ?) pitriwl of 
ttk^Mld mh'~^- * ^"" ^ ^t-:iy* rogartl as 
IW ItadcOr ^ of iriv e3r[)0- 

nmm^Uffi^^ -^ • ' tH i«iw mc^Jn 

fciBrid tMMMA la«L ft fk^kly pecUmn 

if lUi Vpfy Cfirtci. « A nrl Tirm- iu» I i^tood 

ft«« mim more. » b' ' OrmMJ^ I 

iPsUBOl Wi lb<^ t' a Bort of 

bvw It lb* tiiiM «h«n t kboned thcro 
villi UMMMUfin of aUifltv. old a»d youngs 
•omfuiljr tCftlizttijC' how* itii'viuyy i*ircn 
■v boaitilt <Mt liid coruc U(idt?r Urn 
thvine iiyiiiietkifi ihal rnin otily "in tho 
•wtttt «»f ui« Iw^ i^ould cjLt 1in?ii/l ! ^^ I do 
•Ml roin til xfty^ liy tliiK^ ttint 1 wti<t diA-^ 
MKd lunemite ftt a niUforiui)^' whirh IiJ^d 
lllitm #o ftil iiMiiliitid fthke. On the ron- 
Inffft I wvt prv^mtd in utrtigiHt* as Imrd 
M 41^ body] <mljr I dn^A^li^l inneli this 
tmiC oi>l%pKl to *^iire«t my h(>f^ afti r tl^o 
■■rtMlar fiiiiiii«*r r. f W i it c tree t. Fo r t^i 
El luduittmitf t] Ui \k tto IcMi 

^km driiMUlch ucie*K iwtf jnio 

iW I|yc4«»l I0««liw Qi Uii« Ciirm* i ftod^ of 
OMEiw, •» deiilntnlrly |Mittiti|c ftll th« 
ttoBf faliz^ of Uie «uiii in Jeupudjr ererj 

la* WmU-AtrMt, (hitf), I fnm-w<l that I 
sold MB th« maJiidjntioii rmttquirvt — while, 
•towhtry. r mrbf 

mmm iit^^ y m 

ad waMlw!il fU fi^^fffod cr^vck ruiUog 
l» wd fti^ f tlioajiliC UmI if KT«r ft «iniB 
M ill uitXi m%i» ft Itviof , breftihitig, im* 
pgrnm f«datj« tkift cmi oirtetoljr did 

there. Tndeedlt wns no rtiffic^uU niatte^r 
t« ima^De Mammon to stand, anud those 
atony purlaius, like an iiirisiilblc imskmi^s^ 
tcr, drtTing men with a lash of terrifle 
excitements, a$ if tliey were but quarry 
siavieit, to dig and dehe far away from the 
free air and Kunshine of a higher lif«. I 
rcmemiier hoWj eTcn to my boyish mind, 
tlus slavery to the infatuation of a«eutna- 
lating wedth seemed almost to assume 
such a horrible aspect as this. It really 
apfiearefi usi if fomo diabolical power hid 
li!t loose itR mahi^aQt inlSucnees upon th« 
itTX'i^t> and that the subtle influx had 
jjcnetrakMj the very bouIs of men, till they 
all Recmi'd jionwssed with but one com- 
mon idl^^^ and to be liFtng under formir 
live principlcjt wholly adverse to tbo§e of 
their Dature^, 

Thtfi m iti appetr by t»o means a too ford- 
ble dp^rripiiori, if any one will but lake into 
coti^deratioti the iiftture.s of these itieo, 
white yet unstiphistJoatod— -when their 
finrr scndbibtiew^ punr tfiHtea, dt^eper ffto- 
ultH'si, ami diviner aptitudt ^ hid not t»«giEll 
to tak« a bwi?r plaois, Thrn to nee tho 
great XaUiral (Jnler of God det^ii^ning 
mati for one direction^ and An arlifki^ 
■yiteiii of ihJDp whtrliog htm ill ftAQib«r| 
IS ft ikhi curioiit cfiougnT And wonderfiil 
enoupi to amaK4) any one who m CApalilft 
of bein|^ AmAsed or startlad at an^ tiling. 
I prcMwiit tlie fact jdmp}j (n a phHo^phio 
lMt| jretf mt 1 write^ there fathcm aljio 
about It ft aort of rrandeur whiob mi^i 
apnefti even to the ntghenl po«tie titiftft. 

I mn reootlect ponderin;^ upon ftil thif 
then, ftsd bow iieuiuoiis the whole ph»> 
aotneoft BMrmcdt And 1 oan remem* 
ber wondering too (tiftUirally enoughs I 
think,) how I oould take eare of my lifo 
while pur«uinf the perilling prw^c^jt* of 
gotting ft bving. To get a hving, Axtd, ftt 


A Brohdignagiaii Look at Wall*HrmL 


tbe same imk% to keep th<} nattre ch«j«c> 
teristics ofonra life intact-^her© was an 
fiicongTtwnn enterprise indeed Tor the tne- 
T\^i%n of Wftll-slreet, nnd • * fancy ' wbieh 
its titolid btilJs and bc^ars would fail to fi«>e 
ibe ralue of. 

If men must labor, thought Ij bow 
much better to lal>or at that which de- 
▼elope^l their mora! and Jnleilet^tunl ca- 
pacities and whiehf at tb« same Ittne^ 
brought with it the necessaries of life. It 
appeared a feasible plan, and indeed a 
duty J for fome at least, thna to make the 
support of exislencc subsidiary to \U entJ. 
Let som<j meuj for Jnfjtance^ derote tbem- 
ftelv^ to Science, otberR to Art, others to 
tiiteratiireT others to Philosophy, for what 
is strongly congenial with a man is the 
Call of Nature to him, and, thereforCi 
most littrally his proper vocation. 

But yet I knew of a gander direction 
Etill which a mind might take ; for in il; 
flowed the uses itnd fa^scination of all these, 
and mtinitely more besides* It was j: rand, 
moreover, because it called into being the 
purest energies of the soul, and therefore 
drew sublimely near the great original 
Vocation of the whole human racje. To 
be sure it may be said of all men that 
they are required to follow it, and to sym- 

{mtiiize earnest]}' with its modes of un- 
bkling their inmost being ; but, strbtly 
speaking, it is an occup*itmi only to that 
favoi'ed few who would devote to it ex- 
clusively everj* faculty of their nature* 

Of all pursuits this was to mo the 
most glorious, and, while (Standing down 
lUDong those dingy haunts of traffic, it 
Mjcmed a.^ if I bo held religion afar ojf, 
opening wide her everlasting ^Mt^R as into 
an Elysium of Thought ; and I knew that 
within its meditative walks, wimiing into 
mysteries? deeper than any labyrinth, the 
clangor anci tumult of the mercenaries 
around me were never heard. For re* 
ligion then, as now, appeared to mo not as 
the ejtponent only of a single fervor of the 
heart, but of that brood* rich conception 
of life* and that lofty recognition of iti 
sui>ematural circumstances, without which 
no man has a true manhood nor even com- 
mon sense. But it is not my object now 
to advocate this idea- Suf^ee it, that bnd 
only literature and philo<iopliy been the 
aaehanted garden for me, I should have 
left Wall-Mreet just as 1 did. 

Some will call it religion that drew tho 
graphic eontrast of the natural and the 
artil^cial before my mind — ^some will caII 
it philosophy. Be that as it may, religion, 
in itJ^ largest sense, has always appeared 
to me the divinest philossopby, and philos- 
ophy , carried out, but the synonym of re- 

ligion* T!iey both call upon man to 
maintain his manhood by giving simplicity^ 
enmestnefis* and mentaf dijinity to his na- 
ture* They both require the clearest 
vision of the true state of things on earth, 
and deruand a course of action in accord- 
ance with it. I will not, even at the Hsk 
of digressing too far, omit thi-s mimilon 
of the sublime authority to which 1 w-as 
indebted for a wi<^dom that is s^metimea 
greater in children than in men. 

Thus with new purjioseH did I prepare 
to launch agaiu upon the sea of life — weU 
knowing it to lie not altogether a coin- 
mprcial sea^ — and 1 therefore unworshippe4| 
the gilded machinery of finance, and 
started upon the voyage of endeavor 
without a curse as a propeller ; aud al- 
though perhaps progre?Ǥive Yonng The- 
ology, built aAer the spirit of the age,, 
may run the risk of being blown about by| 
every ivind of doctrine, yet 1 rely, witJi 
out much fear, ujjon th»t insipiratio 
which, while it bloweth where it lisleth,'^ 
one cannot tell whence it cometh, nor 
whither it goeth. 

But my metaphor of the sea has car* 
ried me all abroatl* Not six jears &ga T 
bade farewell to Wall -street, and saw itl 
gatesv not rcry heavenly, and yH **i 
gglden Mnges turning," close ujMin m© ' 
with a most bona ding sense of relief I 
was out of prison. What a field of effort 
was before me ! Youth must be spared 
its ecstasies, and be pardoned for them 
too. How liberal was to be the occupa- 
tion of my future life I To acquire know- 
ledge instead of wealth, to speculate philo- 
soph really, and not financially, to t^pend 
my lime in the pui'suit of the Giml, lh^2 
Beautiful and the True, and not in dealm^f 
with Shylock, depreciating " fancies " and 
detecting counterfeits. I really mu4t be 
excused if I grow enthuisia^tic ovir tlie 
glory of my expectations, and estimates as 
beyond all money and all price^ the pro- 
perty in which 1 have invested uij liltlo 
all of head and heart- Yetj although I 
will not, cannot, put it up to dejiecration 
by offering it for sale, most gladly will L 
"share and share ahke" with any fredi 
and natural spirit, all the first fruits of'' 
its discovery and possession. Mrut 
fruit i^ — for these, aa yet, are all that I 
have garnered — but u> have gamcreil uveil» 
these* let me any, confers a greater title toi 
this ki^td Estate than all preliminary talk 
and chotrerlng with time ftud 0[»por- 

Hcai Estate did I cdl It 7 Yes, well 
worthy h it of the name. Real and 
idL^l, all in one— no les.^ than the i»roa4j 
domam of the landlord of the universe < 


fdifpia^ian took ai TTflfi 

dRfffd m fief for ervr to tho teniiro ftf 

thr t^^i '!««<. RamUi t^l AS the sun 
which «litn«!<i Ofxititt; r^l wt tb« iritij 
imflofWiNi ivhii!h iseeiKl froin t*artb'» ixn* 

w9«Ia; cii irhu- tbo idmi 

fkn** of IMtlirr ^ »riii ^vi;.i^ relUrflS ftfO 

dtt«ni mad raoniag wnr* 

I liavt olk»fi bm at « Ion hr foroe il- 
liairfttkMit no riii«)!r ilrju^rtptire that t 

Ml» ai to bare (mt oocht Uj mc thu other 
4^, dnrms 1117 Aocitktital visitt Thu 
ilturtnlTfr **** <^ i^tnkniK, iinri all Uk* 

frlMi f nM^t c JDddent, tbat 1 

ahal! -1^ ' K^ ti2k<:K n|*aTi tbat oontt'in-^ 

fftati^ tti pceulkr plaamra, 

A» ■ >i^>«i Ktood tbcta ami lookt^d 
■iwiail flit^ t fell the aattie mlluenrc tipm 
■y iiMiHiii ' ' ^*H«*?li 1 hati ft It vcjvis 
ifii^ when > I llw raagnituifc. al- 

my , i> intareatM^ so Htl/ 

b/ l4io*c ornate mtiJ mas- 
I ervcrleilf if tit>i (.ixactly liko 
* iintwr of B«Ul to rc*ch hf*ft li, cbt- 
> I0 orerfmdi ^arth. Ami bero t<>0 
'f tiM btttldera Ihcrmf lym Wlixin^ a 
ity of upgrmtioM bj m totirtHtt>n of 
twa kitty in rudely uiwn the 
I of bla, bvarbke, tram pi in jc dovrti 
aObcltiMM^ and, bul{4]kef i'J!«.sing 
lia baaer txaadoamttL \v%. bcrc I 5a w 
iMikkfa tbmrtoi. "mi^^ ■ f 

SBft aC renown/' who, iak 
Hamkft fbr tbo mormu, 
blilb apM tbia moikni Shiiiar n n-hif^'.: 

wHk tbo tofcltttrion^ tha diaJteto of Om 

||«l, oaa Hop ooi of W md I 

I ol tbo boac of a i<» ^ uti- 

iiboiiQioiitbobaiiluof iU l^i^^' <: ii- - 

] oloft tbo foldofi iovpirt) oi tin ' : 

t and poltitMl i& an AMyJuui tiul wilh 

iblo by human i*!iurc rnkm^t^ 1 

I «p no ap^rml Ptu I ijt a fuw 

I akiod opon i> lo nf tbo 

and whol a l^^lilJlg«.^ wt% h4*rt;t 

to now aopooi bad cMvty Wxin^ r^ 

1 1 All amwl mm I beheld ib^ nn* 

dip of tha liiiri^u^ I'h^ in- 

I obtffo my bm^l utkI tun Kutt 

L froio Ita Xiki/f tf , I ifftr 

Four cftiet Ift^ it to- 

I mttf owl tbMT nch arctsm' 

r oi bill md dolo tMMd to^ abriiik 

fft>m before thdr hot and dinffr con- 

Wall-j^tfeet lay stTrlrb<?d out from my 
tery feet bke a Moiiy dvfllo !o tbe rlvar^ 
atnl thcr^ 1 fttowl fifty tiTrti-s ljillc?r than 
li»y fetlovr-iuL'ri within it. To all mienis 
and pufpom^s I vni* a CoIdssijh, Had my 
lonn h^ in the pTtjpfirtif>n t^f my visioti, 
lik« th<» imafTi? nt IthmJe*, I **ould havn 
crossed th^ Narrows? at a istrtclo^ and had 
wbrile navies ri<lii lK'tm*L-ii my feet, A» 
I looked clown upon the pinci? whkh I 
haii bi»t jiist *]tnltod, t SPcmH to ,'iIIei;or- 
kc the ^itiflR"trn;f stfik'S my miml baij bwn 
in a fctr years kwfnn*. Just now. as then, 
I had been oTprHbndowwl by lln Btrip<?n- 
doti?* reality^ and npiirJy ovt^roomo hj its 
magnitlwnt appcjil to thi* jjopulur notion 
of glory and imfjortunw. Juhi now, bg 
thL'o, 1 had >jej^tni to doubt vrhplber I 
ciMild be neht in the thtwry of ]ir« I 
cheriMbefl, wmn I wivr thousands of tjet- 
tiif judgment than 1^ piittinj.' to tb-i most 
practical t*?st a ih«?ory wbic^h I dw'iupd al- 
together ootmteritfti sjtd worthlo^ss. Whero 
I now atood I could repeat lb*? B*yingj 
with absiolnti? ©onrit^ion of it* truth, 
*' Wbat ghadowEt w« an*, and what abad* 
ows we piir*u«.^* — biit. wbik* down thoro 
the granite Kst^han^, de««jiil4s of mo, * 
would loom, out tbo tnom wubatantial 
ftlwMlow I evi*r saw ; the ('tn?tocn-huu«o of 
theso United Staleii would not imitato ita 
model, tbe ancient Parthonon, ho far aA to 
critmbie into ruin» ; t)ie benw rowa of 
Institutioas cortmrntc mid rock-ribUiM!, 
Tcfu'^c] to ahake aod I urn bit} bc^forc thrir 
time ; nor would the ^'bMt^»niTis fortune^ of 
the rich, like the g;^llt>n raiua in tha 
Arabian lalo. appol their owners by turn* 
11 1^ uito loav(«s» 

So it wms, I rwilly found itdifflcnU to 
fiumuion im pudc nee * r noil jjjh to faco out 
juy own matuTed convjntkm.*^ bcfoitj fiueh 
an army of logic m il« (.H>rporat^ and 
srehit«ctiiral cogency | and, ni tho same 
ttmt% keep the pmpe witb niysi^lf tor not 
l^mg ■ mofkftt man* But op tht*re in th* 
iLpire of 'rrinttyf tfio aSfK'ct of it jUl was 
alti-ri'^l, and I now>itood U|Mitj my vantago* 
1; round, and conid ^in the ^^^n^^en rountl 
U* my side of ibe argument. Ah I lookrnl 
tifHYn thoH^ citrea lying Uclow^ in the dim 
diMtamWf like nnidcilfi of wmid madu 
strangely aoeura^ how every ihn%^ in 
be:ivt'n and eirtb aeofned to Awcume tbdr 
r«.'lative eonmN|l2«noe I How dwindliHl tn 
not long wero fditboa and tiuui In the 
fomiihcjrtanyig porapeciito of a Tcrtical 
gin ore I 

I bad around mo tlio natural and Iba 
artiDcial ; but JuM bonaath taa ^ no- 
tunl bod beon aefMilofafod bf tbo orti* 


A Brchdignagian Look at Wails freeL 


ficial. Not a " green thing ^ was to bo 
seen ; all was entombed beneath slabs of 
Ktone, and the weight of vaulted struc- 
tures. But over that level floor, and clus- 
tering ai-ound those piles of masonry, were 
*' creeping things innumerable," yea. shoals 
of human beings scarwly more than a span 
long, blackening the pavement like ants 
in the sunshine, running in an«l out among 
the openings of that stonework, and 
swarming like bees at the corners thereof. 

There it all was: the miniature of 
houses and the abbreviature of men. 
The puny dray-lwrse dragged along pain- 
fully his tiny load ; the toy carriage rolled 
in Liliputian stateliness for its pulfed-up 
pigmy owner; the noisy little stage trun- 
dled with its •• twelve inside " over a pave- 
ment as smooth as an oil-cloth ; and, dot- 
ting all o'er this " gray and melancholy 
waste," were crowds of busy men, and 
bo3'S, that busy undergrowtli, creeping 
swiftly from the tables of the money- 
changers to the scats of them who sold 
stocks. It was a curious sight to behold 
— the Wall-street of Lilfput, and more 
still for me, when probably with some- 
thing of the same feeling as Gulliver after 
he was let loose, I marvelled greatly 
how I could really have been tied down 
there by any complication of interests so 
slender, and how the very hairs of my 
head should have been numbered, and 
confined by no weightier matters than 
dollars and cents. 

But think not^that it was only a whim- 
sical conceit that made me a Gulliver, 
standing up there and confounding ray 
personality with two hundred and eighty 
feet of Gothic architecture. My physical 
altitude was all factitious I'll admit ; but 
I will never cease* to assert the moral 
proportion to the scene below, of which 
I. or any one else, might have stood the 
representative. On an allegory, there- 
fore, did I base all my pretensions to the 
colossal. Beneath the outlines of that 
sacred tower I found it easy to fill out tho 
mental and moral stature of a man ; and, 
in the belittled shapes of fussy life below, 
to symbolize the comparative magnitude 
of operations, only apparently large. 

I did no more than this, then. I tried 
to imagine myself in some sort of propor- 
tion with the gigantic theory u|)on which 
man was formed by his Creator, and after 
the measure of tho stature of the fulness 
of Christian common sense, to look out 
upon life iu its greatness, and in its little^ 

From such a height I saw life in its 
greatness, stretching away, like some Tast 
Bcenery, till its background was lost be- 

hind the stars. T could hear the deep 
melodies of that immensity rolling heavily 
along its m3'Stic distances, and tlirobbing 
\x\\OTi the very air 1 breathed. The wholo 
atmosphere appeared changed with a 
mighty response to an invisible existence 
beyond. The very planet itself, as if in- 
stinct with a consciousness of infinite 
emotion, seemed to career beneath me 
like a steed. I saw immortals, bom of 
mystery, move on mysteriously, and 
ascend to greater mystery still. I saw 
every plunge of a new life into the world 
to be the signal for eternal relations to 
form, n;id circle away from each man, 
like rippling zones upon an illimitable sea. 

And when I drew nearer, and looked 
within this august life, its glory swelled 
out even its minutia? into magniticence. 
I saw affections, which^ developed, would 
have girdled the globe with a millennium. 
I saw powers to which only an outraged, 
law and not the Almighty had said — 
*' Thus far shalt thou go, and no farther." 
I saw no less than the tides of the eternal 
deep surging unperceived beneath every 
soul, as the oceun roars, unheard, along 
the undiscovered archways of tho earth. 
Thus did I behold a divinity stirring 
through, and energizing all things ; and 
subtle, secret and sacred agencies perva- . 
ding the whole sphere of human existence. 
Such was its scenery. 

I glanced from this upon the plateau 
of Wall-street, and estimated in its turn 
that little struggle and pigmy endeavor. 
The crowds ebbed and flowed with the 
fluctuations of the market In the dwarf- 
ish pursuit one man looked like every 
other man. At that distance I' saw not 
tho wrinkle ofcare, nor the exulting mien 
of triumphant recklessness. I detected 
not the cheat in his nefarious attempt: 
nor appreciated the honesty that would 
not lend ui)on usury. All was monoto- 
nous similarity, and suggestive of but ono 
idea, that there the better nature of man 
had but a stinted giowth. raising its 
bloomless head amid the sterile influences 
of the market-place ; whore the light of 
Divinity could no more awaken its gran- 
der syiupathiea, than the pattering rain, 
or the blessed sun could fertilize the 
earth whilst those ponderous buildings 
did crowd upon it There I saw man a de- 
faulter to his nobler impulses and desires ; 
actuated by no more than the instinct of 
the bee or the ant to hoard up additions 
to his substance ; and, like the little dwel- 
ler of the molehill, blind to the greatness 
of any thing which transcended Uie minor 
interests of his state. 

So did I seeilliistrated one of the moK 


St. Anthony's Fall. 


mdmncholr f icU of oar condition. The 
Mvrssity of man compels him to labor, 
•nd then its fruits become the only 
tourers of his happiness. ThiLS does his 
natniw swathed in infancy by the ban- 
daprs of an habitual rontim*, grow not into 
the natural stature of a man — belittleil by 
bcin: eivrn to little thinjrs — strong only 
Ri tfie ratio of its petty obslarles. and 
dra-li>lily content with the cramped fc- 
ijrij^ i>f a moneyed life. 

Ra^h on th?n, thou moral Liliput! 
Whirl on with puny violence, thou micro- 
CTKin of abbri'viatcil men ! an<l let the 
httle eddvin? of gains and losses agitato 
joor dwindled hearts as if it were a 
whirlpool of annihilation. Live, act, suffer, 
die. under the contractility of your selilsh 
eoK^tions — only hope for as shrunken 
a dr<tiny )K*reafter, as the preparati(m for 
It has lieen srantlmg. A fell spirit has 
joa in his power ; and Mammon, like a 
wianl. has wuve<l his wnnd over you, 
aa-1 d(H>me<l you alike to littleness and 
nron*<ni»u-ncc I 

In nading what I have now written, 
Home one may .<ay that I have confounded 
the coo«l witli the evil in this unqualified 
deotiDfiation ; and that unlike my proto- 
trpe. Quinbus Fle.strin, the man-moun- 
lim. I have not in my perambulations 
over t>its moral Liliput, taken any precau- 
tion a>i<int my skirts ; and therefore, with 
taariv a frail ab<unlity which I may have 
iaiirpclly knu<ke<l in pieces, and many a 
hamSug which my unwary gait has 
<Tu»h'.d. I have also passed too swceping- 
ly oT«*r fxilMtr itself, and so tarnished the 
pViry of coniinerce. and shaken the real 
masTiiti.'r-n'x* of its results, (hkmI friend 1 
anv aTiiivmt of moral altitude will never 
k'^j^n the n'>bility of lal>or, when it is the 
as^ij! «»f pr>irrt>s, and the riiiht hand of 
U:.' rii-t-m-e. It is only individuals, and 
t>jr T«-iidc-ncy in earh indivi<lu:il to contract 
h.m*«-;f to one i^k-a. that 1 have sought to 

And yet I am far from being unaware 

that there are very many doing bii'siness 
in Wall-street, who. in their inmost hearts 
feel a contempt for its sordid dreams, and 
lament that dire necessity <lrives them 
into bondage. Honor be to them all ! 
But nevertheless, let them not inordinate- 
ly magnify themselves, lH?cflnso their 
hearts are lifted higher than their head.s. 
Everyone knows that to succeed at all in 
any pursuit, an attention mu>t be paid to 
it which is exclusive of every thing else 
for the time being. And so down there, 
all higher considerations nmst suffer an 
wlipse during the transit of the bank 
hours. It matters not then how a man 
feels before an<l after these moments of 
a circumscribed consciousness, it is a f:vct 
very plainly discernible, that the tem- 
porary inconvenience of having this lili- 
putian soul must Ixj submitted to, before 
he can thread his way with any dexterity 
among the low-arche<l intricacies of trade. 
It is a fanciful idea that occurs to me ; 
but as it seems altogether ortho^iox, I will 
suggest it b^ way of obviating all difti- 
cultics of this double dealing with one's 
self. To a man, urged by nee<l and not 
by greed, into the commercial districts, I 
say : " (jo to now. Take upon thyself 
this small degree by a sort of voluntary 
metamorphosis. Anticipate the kindly 
offices of the Devil, by calling \\\yon thy 
better genius only, to change thee for the 
nonce into the epitome of thy former self. 
Having by this procedure 'dwindled by 
degrees and grown beautifully less,' de- 
vote to thy business all that is left of 
thee. viz. — an insignificance, only facti- 
tiously concealed. But when the friendly 
enchantment hath endcil with the going 
down of the sun, step thee out of the 
magic circle and wend thy way home- 
ward, dilating mnjestieally out of thy 
metempsychosis into the rarer atmos- 
phere of thy more natural humanity. 
Then mayest thou rejoice as a giant to 
run thv course." 


ALT^ ye exrursionists ^romg to s^o 
Tlie Falls of good St. Ai.tljony, 
How many falls pray ha 1 he ? 
Aak biro please one thing to tell, 
By what temptation first he fell. 




9tar« of pM tb« tereerunrmrd frelUc^ 
QtfOiatt* Uie thicket nettinc 
SilTrfy mo« bm locks downJettf ag; 

Like » maid*^ brave ! 
Amnrhead bts dark tl%i; wettfnf 

la thy darko- irave. 

BY the rirer's broken border 
Wading throngh the ferns. 
When a darker deep^ and broader 

Fills its bays and turns ; 
Up along the winding ridges. 

Down the siidden-drop^ descent ; 
Roonding pools with reedy edges 

Silent coves in alders pent 
Through the riFer-fiigs and sedges 

Dreamily I went 

Dreamily, for perfect summer 

Hushed the Tales with misty heat. 
In the wood, a drowsy drummer 

The woodpecker faintly beat ; 
Songs were silent, save the voices 

Of the mountain and the flood, 
Save the wisdom of the voices 

Only known in solitude ; 
But to me — a lonely liver, 

All that lading afternoon 
From the undennining river 

Came a burthen in its tune : 
Came a tone my ear remembers, 

And I said, what is' t thee grieves ? 
Pacing through thy leafy chambers^ 

And thy voice of rest bereaves 1 
Winds of change, that wail and bluster 

Sunless moms, and shivering eves^ 
Carry sweets to thee belonging 

AU of Ught thy rim receives : 
River growths that fold and cluster 

Following where the waters lead, 
Bunches of the purple aster, 

Mints, and blood-dropt jewd weed, 
Like oamclians hanging 

Mid their pale green leaves ; 
Wherefore then, with sunlight heaping 

Perfect joy and promised good. 
When thy flow should pulse in keeping 

With the beating of the blood ; 
Through thy dim green shadows sweeping, 
When the folded heart is sleeping, 

Dost thou mourn and brood ! 
Wider, wilder round the headland 

Black the river swung. 
Over skirt, and hanging woodland, 
' Deeper stillness hung ; 
As once more I stood, a dreamer 

The waste weeds among ; 
Doabt, and pain, and grief eztremer 

Soemed to fiule awmj, 
Bat * dim Toluptoous wanom 
Smoti^ Mid thnlkd my fi«gr ttMnP, 

^ ^Ofw bend tad' bigrs 

IftM.] TorkUnpn in 1854. Zf 

Spying thou, mournful River ! 

As of old dost wind and waste ; 
Falling down the rock for ever, 

Rustling with a sound, of haste 
Through the dry-fringed meadow bottom ; 

But my hands along thy bed 
Gather now no gems of autumn, 

Or the dainties summer shed ; 
By the margin hoarsely flowing, 

Yellow dock, and garget growing, 
Drifts of wreck, and miry stain, 

By river-wash, and dregs of rain. 
Yet, though bound in desolation, 

Bound and locked, thy waters pour 
With a cry of exultation, 

Uncontained by shore and shore ; 
With a measured deep vibration, 

In its wind my cheek is wet, 
But unheeding woe or warning, 

Thou, through all the barren hours 

Seems to sing of summer yet ; 
Tliou with voice all sorrow scorning 

Babblest on of leaves and flowers 
Wearily, whilst I go mourning 

O'er thy fallen iSinks and bowers. 
But a faith thy music teaches 

Might I to its import climb. 
Still the yearning heart beseeches 

Truth : as when in summer time 
Through these dells I vaguely sought her 

In the dreamy summer time. 
So the margin-paths and reaches 

Once again I left to roam, 
Left U'hind the roaring water, 

Eddy-knots and clots of foam ; 
But it still distuibwl nie ever, 

As a dream no reason yields, 
From the ruin of the river 

Winding up through empty fields, 
That I could not gather something 

Of the meaning and belief 
In the voice of its triumphing, 

Or the wisdom of its grief 



'II AT York town was three quarters both before and since, where the loss of 

of a century ai^o, few are alive to life has l>ecn much more fearful, and from 

I ;i ; but to see it now, a quiet, unobtru- which imiwrtant results have followed ; 

*:fi; little town, of between twenty and but these have Ijeen confined principally 

liiirty bouM-> half of them uninhabited, to the belligerent parties : no effect has 

"ariih the ruin4 of tenements destroyed du- ensued, which is to leave its impress upon 

najE CoriiWallLs's siege, meeting you at mankind for all time to come. Not so at 

turn, one can scarcely reali/AJ that Yorktowu ; when Cornwallis' s'gnature 

it va« oiKX tlie scene of a contest more to the articles of capitulation was extorted 

pQfftc&tfcMU to the welfare of the human from him, he virtually became an unwil- 

raortlMn soy that has occurred since the ling, but, nevertheless, a subscribing wit- 

of the Christian era. It Ls true, noss to the birth of this vast empire : the 

battles hnvo boea fought, treaty of peace which followed, two years 


Yorkioum in 1854. 


afterwards, was a mere diplomatic for-' 
malit}'. With the termination of the 
8icge at York town, all hostilities ceased, 
and peace practically prevailed. "What 
the destiny, and what the mission of this 
republic, are questions which the result 
at Yorktown jwrmits us not only to ask, 
but to attempt to solve ; but for it the 
grand, at the same time moral experiment 
of man's capacity for self-government, 
would have been still in abeyance, and 
when it would have been tried, could only 
be known to a superior and controlling 
power. The obstacle to this experi- 
ment, in the then thirteen colonies, was 
the remnant of a British army, entrenched 
in 1781 on the banks of York Iliver: 
when that army was captured, the inhab- 
itants of a large jwrtion of this continent 
became, as far as human beings may, the 
masters of their own destiny ; and from 
that day to this, they have been engaged 
in giving ellect to political opinions which 
liad hitherto V.tcen regarded as visionary 
and impracticable. Thus much for the 
result of the siege. AVe will now gimce 
at the siege itself, and at tlie place where 
it occun*e(l. 

Near the commencement of the present 
year, a party, including the writer, em- 
barked near the close of the day at Balti- 
more, on board of the little steamer Mon- 
mouth, bound up York River, touching at 
several intermediate landings. The next 
day, about sunset, we came in sight of 
what now remains of Yorktown. It is 
very pleasantly situated on the south 
bank of the river, on the brow of a hill, 
whence you have a view extending into 
the Chesapeake Bay, and reaching almo;;t 
to the Virginia capes. The town has a 
fine harbor, and formerly enjoyed quite a 
valuable ^^ est Indian trade ; but this is 
now all gone. Like most other southern 
villages, it is a dull, silent and monotonous 
place ; and it requires no little effort of 
the imagination to repcoplo the hills and 
fields and waters of the present day, with 
that grim throng of stem and busy men 
which seventy-three vears ago met here 
in deadly conflict If one felt disi)osed 
to experiment upon the nerves of the in- 
habitants of a quiet and unsuspecting 
little hamlet, by the sudden explosion of 
a rocket or a musket, a more fitting place 
than Yorktown could not be found this 
cide the Rocky Mountains ; and if, before 
Comwallis in 1781 marched iiito the 
place with his eight thousand British 
troops, with their long trains of artillery, 
ammunitioo and bi^gage-wagons, tho 
town was as inoffensive and qniet as it 
appears now— the inhabitants of that daj 

must have been abont as much astonished 
at the English general's approach, as if he 
and his men had arisen from the oyster- 
beds of the river. 

Those conversant wnth our revolution- 
ary history, will recollect, that the cam- 
paign of 1781 was opened by CornwaHis 
in the South ; that Sir Ili-nry Clinton, 
tlic previous year, in his descent n})on 
Charleston, had divided his forces : leav- 
ing a considerable portion of them under 
Comwallis. to ojKjrate in the Southern 
colonies, while the commander-in-chief, 
with the others retumed to head-quar- 
ters. New York. This movement otlered 
an advantage which could not f'S»\ipe the 
quick military perceptions of AVusliing- 
ton ; who, early in Alay, 1781, commenc- 
ed concentrating his forces near New 
York, for the double purpose of prevent- 
ing Sir Henry Clinton from despatching 
reinforcements to the relief of his subor- 
dinate in the South, and at the ^ame time, 
of blinding him as to his real intentions. 
The investment of New York required a 
large force and heavy siege-trains ; these 
were all provided, and tho feint was per- 

In the time, Comwallis and 
Greene had met at Guilford Court-house, 
where the British commander had receiv- 
ed a check. Tarloton had been cut to 
pieces at the Cow-pens; and Lafayette, 
with three thousand men. was in Virgi- 
nia, and of course between the royal anny 
and New York; and as Comwallis left 
the country he had oyerrun. Greene st<xxl 
ready to occupy it ; so that the British 
commander was only sure of the ground 
on which he was, for the time being, en- 
camped. The Americans were not in 
sufficient force to offer him frequent bat- 
tle ; but tlicy adopted the more prudent 
alternative, of hanging on his fianks and 
rear, and crijjpling him on every oppor- 
tunity. Under these circumstances Com- 
wallis, with a view of placing himself 
nearer his resources, commenced his march 
northward. Lafayette, however, with his 
command, which had been reinforced, 
and which was now in a fegion where it 
could receive accessions, as they were re- 
quired, blocked his road ; and the Eng- 
lish general found himself so straitened], 
that he was compelled to make urgent 
appeals to Sir Henry Cluiton, for rein- 
forcements ; but Sir Ilenry deemed Wm- 
self so seriously threatened by Washmg- 
ton, that he dared not spare a man ; but 
in reply, directed Comwallis to take up a 
position on the seaboard, fortify himself, 
and await reinforcements. In obedienoe 
to this order, Yorktown was the place 


Torktown in 1854. 


Klecicd. The spot w»8 a judicious posi- 
tion for the pur))ose of carry inp out the 
onlers of the commander-in-chief; but 
the Terv reverse, for holding in check, an 
*!Tancinjr hostile force ; a contingency 
which the English general seems never to 
Kave contemplated. It proved a trap to 
roTOwallis, from which no ingenuity of 
h:s could save him. It was now that the 
masterly tactics of Washington began to 
derolr-pe themselves; lie had no sooner 
Kwi Cumwallis in i>osition at Yorktown, 
tlian. under various pretexts, he commenc- 
ed priparing at the head of ChesajKiako 
Bay a large number of transports ; and 
kee{.in^ up the show of a siege on New 
York, he set aY>out quietly sending off 
dttachnients through New Jersey, at the 
same time so di>{)Osiiig of them as to con- 
tinue the threat on New York, until near 
t1;e rnd of July, when every thing being 
I'l neadines.';. he suddenh* concentrated his 
f jrcc.« at Philadelphia, made rapid marches 
towanis his transports, and having reach- 
ed lh«in was well on his way to attack 
r.,niwa!Iis. Iiefore the English commander- 
inchkf had the least suspicion of his dc- 
».-cn. F««r the pur|)Ose of comprehending 
the >a;nrity and beauty of this movement," 
the n ader would do well to take the map^ 
aad the course of Washington down 
tV </h' ^jieake Bay into Jamos River, 
an! i:p tlinl rivt-r to Wiliiam>burg, twen- 
ty-ii\f nj:les from Yorktown. and see 
l.ow flT«rtiial]y he plared hiu)>elf in Corn- 
wa!!'--'^ rear. In |>a.«i>iujr. it is as well to 
«y. t' at it wa<? tlu'so combinations and 
m ViTii'-'.t-. which placed Washington 
am Tij t'.e very ab!e?t military command- 
IT< if tiiv .i;:e. 

ihi tr.e 27th S.'pt.. 17^1. the American 
anjiv rn^-arijjK-^l within a mile of Coru- 
wal i-*«% lines; and the next day the 
Fni.i h i*<»rtion <»f the army having taken 
Lp is ji^-^iiion on the left of the Ameri- 
can-, at a?»*»*:t the same distajiee from the 
enAH y. a rannonu'le fr(»m the British en- 
trrr« !im"ntN u>hen*<l in the sie^-e. During 
the r.i^iit <.( the '2'Jth, tlie British evacti- 
att-i **;«ral of their redoubts, and retired 
W]'hin iKeir ifni.'s ; on the next day. 'JOlh, 
t;. ■-<• r«d'»'.il.ts were (H*ciipied by the in- 
T*«: iij es. On the Ist<)ct()>K'r, groun«l 
wa** tjfi'krn by the Americans on their 
Cr^l lArallil of approaches, und«T a fu- 
r-'U-* fMniion.ide fpjm the em-niy. On 
til'.- '.*ih. -evtralof the Ameri<*an n'<!oubts 
trmz C'*«iplete<l, General Wa.shington 
Liz;t<« If i)ouite<l and fired the HrNt gun, 
vL^b waM 8ucoee<led by a terrific can- 
nmiade by both armies, from over three 
Lundred pieoM* of artillery. This was kept 
Vf sari/ wUboat cessation, for sut days. 

On the 15th, a couple of Briti.<;h redoubts 
were stormed: one by the French, and 
the other by the Americans, On the 17th 
Cornwall is sent in a flag of truce, which, 
as all know, resulted in his capitulation 
on the 10th. Thus much for the progress 
of the siege. 

The morning following our arrival at 
Yorktown, broke sullenly, portending a 
storm, which .set in furiously Wfore twelve 
o'clock ; but while it was threatening, we 
availed ourselves of the opj)Ortunity of 
walking over the battle-field. The Ame- 
rican breastworks are nearly obliterated ; 
but the more permanent entrenchments 
of the British arc still comparatively i»er- 
fect. We resolved to take the incidents 
of the siege, as far as possible, in chrono- 
logical order, an<l of course our first care 
was to hunt up the outworks evacuated 
by the English on the night of the 29th 
September, They lie on the western out- 
skirts of the town, and are still in good 
preservation. They were strong positions, 
and their abandonment must have left the 
j>ortion of the town in which they were 
situated in a very expo.<?ed condition, and 
our officers, when they took jK)ssession 
of them, expressed much Eurprisc at their 
being voluntarily given up. We next 
looke<l for the two redoubts stormed by 
the allied fon^es on the ir)th October. Th6 
first, or most eastern of these, (that storm- 
ed by the Americans.) being near the 
river, has nearly been washed away ; 
that taken by the French portion of the 
alliefl anny. may still be traced. The 
capture of tliese rcdou!)ts brought thean- 
taj:onists. as it were, within spi'j»king dis- 
tance ; an<l it berame too .apparent to 
Cornwa]li.><, that unless surcor arrived, 
(of which there was no rea.<onablc hojK».) 
or unless he could eseaj>e by a stealth}' 
night retreat, his destruction or sunvnder 
was inevitabh'. On the .Micree<ling night, 
therefore (the iGlh), he attempted an es- 
cape across the river to (iloueester Point, 
when* a small French force was stationed 
for the i>urj>ose of watching Tarleton. en- 
trenehwl then* ; this force it was deter- 
mine<l to overiK)wer an<l <lestroy, when 
the entire British army, after abandoning 
their artillery, ammunition aiui baggage- 
traii.'S. were to have moved oil" in l^ull 
retreat, through a iK)rtion of A'irginia, 
thrtmgh Maryland, rennsylvania. and 
New .Jersey, all occupied by the Ameri- 
can tn)ops, until a Jiinction could have 
}K*en f(>nued with Sir Henry Cinton in 
New York. In pursuance of this deter- 
mination, a portion of the besieged army 
had actually Crossed the river, and an- 
other considerable detachment werQ cux- 


TorkUmn in 1654. 


barked in boatfl, and part of the way 
over, when a violent storm of wind and 
rain sprung up, nearly eng:u]fing tlie 
whole party, and sent the boats with 
their passenjrers. so far down the river, 
that it was a late hour the next day be- 
fore they could rejoin the main body of 
their army. It was regarded as a very 
rash attempt, and demonstrated the des- 
perate straits to which Coniwallis was 
reduced. On the 17th he solicited a 

"We then entered tlie main works, sku- 
ated on the eastern ed^e of the town ; 
these are still in excellent keeping, and 
must have been truly formidable when 
bristling with cannon and filled with 
soldiers. What first attracted our atten- 
tion was their brevity ; but this was pro- 
bably considered an excusable military 
fdult. if it was one, as all military com- 
manders prefer compact works, with as 
few assailable points as possible. But, 
perhaps our ideas had imperceptibly be- 
come exaggerated, from the reflection that 
there was an army of about eight thou- 
sand men stationed for their defence ; and, 
if it were desirable, these men were ca- 
pable of occupying defences much more 
extended than those before us. JBut 
there they were, with banks too broad to 
be perforated by a cannon-shot, and too 
steep to be easily scaled by an assailant. 
Li a conspicuous angle of these works 
may be seen the foundation and ruins of 
the costly mansion of the patriotic Go- 
vernor Nelson who commanded the Vir- 
ginia militia at the siege. J ustly suppo- 
sing that his house would be the most 
convenient spot for Comwallis's head- 
quarters, the Governor, with rare disin- 
tcresteilness, offered the American gun- 
ners a guinea a-piece for every shot which 
should hit his own house — a promise 
which it is said he scrupulously redeemed. 
Under such incentives it was, of course, 
soon a heap of ruins; and Cornwallis, 
after seeing his servant killed, was driven 
further into the town, to another mansion 
belonging to the Nelsons, although the 
American shot still pursued him. The 
house is of bricks, and the marks of 
several balls arc still to be seen ; one shot 
penetrated the southeast corner, went 
through the wall, entered the dining-room, 
tore otf a couple of panels of the wain- 
scoting, and spent its force against the 
marble mantel, which it shattered to 
pieces. Three other caimon shot liave 
left their marks, all on the eastern gable 
end. Two of them went through the 
wall, the hole made by one of these is 
Btill open i a third struck half way. This 

bonse is now occupied by the estimable 
widow of the grandson of Governor Nel- 

Attached to the personal staff of Gen- 
eral "Washington, during the siege, was a 
clerg>'man by the name of Evans. One 
day, in the midst of a severe cannonade, 
the general and his staff were occupying 
an exposed position within the American 
lines, when a shot struck the ground so 
near the spot where the general and 
his staff were standing, that it threw 
the earth on to the cierg}'man's hat, 
which gave him great alarm. Evin- 
cing his terror in his countenance, he took 
off his hat, saying, '* see this. General ! " 
to which Washington replied, ** you had 
better show your hat, sir, to your wife 
and children ! " 

After traversing the entrenchments, wo 
sought the field wbere the formalities of 
the surrender took place. It is at pres- 
ent a respectable inclosure of some hun- 
dred acres, and it was about the same in 
1781. It joins the town on the south. 
The precise spot where General O'llarra 
is said to have delivered up his sword and 
apologized for the absence of his com- 
mander, is now marked by a couple of 
poplar trees, which we/e planted by some 
one in commemoration of the event. The 
field itself is nearly a plain, and is ad- 
mirably adapted to the purposes for 
which it had been cho.«^n. 

Next in order was the ** Moore house," 
in the eastern parlor of which Cornwallis 
signed the articles of capitulation. The 
place is now called the " Temple Farm," 
and the house, which is of wood, appears 
much as it did when occupied by Corn- 
wallis. It is outside of the entrenchments, 
and within musket shot of them on the 
east. A lawn of some three hundred 
yards in extent slopes from the house to 
the banks of the river ; and although the 
place shows some evidences of dilapidation, 
it has a pleasant aspect. On the farm 
there is an ancient inclosure of bricks, 
which the tradition of the country says 
was formerly a tower, and built as a de- 
fence against the savages. • Wo saw no 
traces of a tower ; but from the extent 
of tfie ground walled in. and the number 
of tombs which it is said to have con- 
tained, it seems most probable that it was 
intended originally as a burial-place. Only 
one of the tombs is now to be seen, and 
it bears an inscription of a date only 
forty -seven years after the first settlement 
of Virginia by Europeans at Jamestown. 
The inscription, which is still very per- 
fect, is preceded by an elaborate heraldic 
device, which of course is unintelligible to 


Sia from Short. 


m repoblicftng. The figure of an animal 
which we pronounced a goat, seems to 
predominate, but of its sifrnification in a 
coat of arms we must confess ignorance. 
The inscription reads thus : 

dj«I, Octoh. S9Ui, 1655i 

* Within UiU tomb, thert doth Inti^rred lie, 
Xo fthape, bat rabitftnoe, true nobility : 
Iiarit tboof h yoosg. In jean bat twentj-ninc^ 
TcC gnoed with o*tarp*t niorall and divine^ 
Tb« ehorch froai blu did good participate^ 
Ib eoaiMcIl rare, fit to adorn a atate." 

Before taking a surrey of the battle- 
field, we were advised to pay our respects 
to an aired inhabitant of the place, by the 
name of Robert Anderson. Being at the 
nme time assured, that although utter 
strangers, and under the necessity of in- 
troducing ourseWes, we would meet not 
only with a polite, but a cordial reception : 
this was all rerificd ; but Mr. Anderson, 
on account of his age and the threatening 
state of the weather, was compelled to 
excuw himself from walking over the 
pvunds with us, yet he gave us such in- 
fumiation as was of groat assistance to 
0.4 in our subsequent researches; and 
afWr we had been over the field, ho ad- 
ilre«<ed us a polite note, saying that if the 
ib«{Artion of an authentic plot of tho 
vorks with the positions of the opposing 
UfTCf'^ t-orrectly noted down, would be of 
iny a'>>i>tance to us, he had one in his 
^»«^-<«Mi/U whi«!h it would ailbrd him 
p!t-x-«ure to exhibit The plot was made 
l»y aji oili<*er. who was present at the 
M*-re. and while the forces were still in 
pii>iiion : and if our recollection is cor- 
rect, the survey was made, while tho 
tcrnus of the capitulation were under dis- 

cussion. It is probably the only contem- 
poraneous plot of the field now extant. 
We, of course, very gladly availed our- 
selves of the invitation, and were much 
gratified by an inspection of the map^ 
which enabled us to verify some of our 
notes. Mr. Anderson, who was bom 
during the siege, and of oouV'se is over 
seventy years of age, has resided nearly 
all his life in Yorktown ; consequently, it 
has been in his power to gather many 
interesting incidents connected with the 
siege, from those who were active partici- 
pators in it These may be denominated 
its unwritten history, and are highly in- 
teresting. Besides the incidents, he has 
collected numerous relics at difiereni 
times fi^m the field ; among those which 
he showed us was a small belt-plate, 
bearing the inscription of **A. Gordon, 
Guards," and several others, one with a 
date as far back as 1755. He also ex- 
hibited part of a wax-candle, which is said 
to have belonged to Cornwallis. There 
was also a heavy dragoon^s sabre, and a 
cart load of cannon-shot and bomb-shells. 
An excavation in the marl banks of the 
river, fancifully called " Cornwallis's 
Cave," is exhibited as the place where the 
British commander took refuge during 
the bombardment This, of course, is 
improbable, as no military man of reputa- 
tion could behave in this way, without 
suffering disgrace. The place, as it is 
comparatively dry and secure from shot 
from the town si<lc, was probably used as 
a magazine of some kind. Its extent is 
scarcely sufficient to supjwse it <\'a8 a 
store for provisions ; hence the inference 
seems natural, that it was occupied as a 
jwwder magaziue. 


** Ant'wi»"* <»f mairic Mil?, 
PUota of Ui« purple twlllslit, drupplug down wilh coetlj tal&\** 

** Come unto thc9« yellow Mndi.*' 


IX the month of June, Pnio and I like 
to walk ujion the Battery towani 
nun** t and watch the steamers, crowded 
with paNMrn^^-rs. l>ound for the pleasant 
pU'JV'S along the coa-st where people pass 
the hot months. Sea-sid* lo<lginjrs are 
not very comfortable, I am told, but who 
would iftl lie a little pii»ched in his cham- 
ber, if Uiti windows looked uj>on the sea ? 
la nch praitfcs of the ocean do 1 indulge 

at such times, and so respectfully do I rc- 
gani the wiilors who may chance to pass, 
tliat Prue often says, with her shrewd 
smile, that iity mind is a kind of Chelsea 
Ho>]iital. full of al>ortive marine hopes 
and wi>;hes, broken- lej:^^! intentions, 
blind rejrrets, an<l desires, whose hands 
have been shot away in some hard bat- 
tle of experience, so that they cannot 
grasp the results towards which thej 


Sea from Short, 


reach. She is right, as u^ual. Such 
hopes and intentions do lie, mined and 
hopeless now, strewn about the placid con- 
tentment of my mental life, as the old 
pensioners sit about the grounds at Chel- 
sea, maimed and mnsinpj in the quiet 
mominnj sunshine. Many a one among 
them thinks what a Nelson he would have 
been if both his legs had not been pre- 
maturely carried away ; or in what a Tra- 
falgar of triumph he would have ended, 
if, unfortunately, he had not happened to 
have been blown blind by the explosion 
of that unlucky magazine. So I dream, 
sometimes, of a straight scarlet* collar, 
stiff with gold lace, around my neck, in- 
stead of this limp white cravat ; and I 
liavo even brandished my quill at the 
office so cutlass-wise, that Titbottom has 
paused in his additions and looked at me 
as if ho doubted whether 1 should come 
out quite square in my petty cash. Yet 
lie understands it. Q'itbottom was bom 
in Nantucket 

That is the secret of my fondness for 
the sea : I was born b}' it. Not more 
surely do Savoyards pine for the moun- 
tains, or Cockneys for the sound of Bow 
bells, than those who are born within 
sight and sound of the ocean, to return to 
it and renew their fealty. In dreams 
the children of the sea hear its voice. I 
have read in some book of travels that 
certain tribes of Arabs have no name for 
the ocean, and that when they came to 
the shore for the first time, they asked 
with eager sadness, as if penetrated by 
the conviction of a superior beauty, " what 
is that desert of water more beautiful 
than the land ? " And in the translations of 
German stories which Adoniram and the 
other childi-en read, and into which I oc- 
casionally look in the evening when they 
are gone to bed, — for I like to know what 
interests my children. — I find that the 
Germans, who do not live near the sea, 
love the fairy lore of water, and tell the 
sweet stories of Undine and Mclusina, as 
if they had especial charm for them, be- 
cause their country is inland. 

We who know the sea have less fairy 
feeling about it, but our realities are ro- 
mance. My earliest remembrances are of 
a long range of old, half dilapidated 
stores ; red brick stores with steep wooden 
roofs and stone window frames and door 
frames, which stood upon docks built as 
if for immense trade with all quarters of 
the globe. Generally there were only 
a few sloops moored to the tremendous 
posts, which I fancied oould easily hold 
fast a Spanish Armada in a tropical hur- 
ricane. But sometimes % great ship, an 

East Tndiaman, came sailing up the har- 
bor, slowly, lazily, with rusty, seamed, 
blistered si<les, and dingy sails, with an 
air of indolent self-importance and con- 
sciousness of superiority, which inspired 
me with profound respect. If the ship 
had ever chanced to run down a rowboat 
or a sloop, or any specimen of smaller 
craft. I should only have wondered at the 
temerity of any floating thing in crossing 
the path of such supreme mnjesty. The 
ship was chained aud cabled to the old 
dock, and then came the disembowelling. 

How the stately monster had been 
fattening upon foreign spoils ! How 
it had gorgeil itself (such galleons did 
never seem to me of the feminine gender) 
with the lu.scious treasures of the tropics ! 
It had lain its lazy length along the shores 
of China, and sucked in whole flowery 
harvests of tea. The equatorial sun flash- 
ed through the strong wicker prisons, 
bursting with bananas and nectareah fruits 
that eschew the temperate zone. Steams 
of camphor, of sandal wood, arose from the 
hold. Sailors chanting cabalistic strains, 
that had to my ear. a shrill and monoton- 
ous pathos, like the uniform rising and 
fulling of an autumn wind, turned cranks 
that lifted the bales, and boxes, and crates, 
and swung them ashore. But to my 
mind the spell of their singing raised the 
fragrant freight, and not the crank. Mad- 
agascar and Ceylon api>eared at the mys- 
tic bidding of the song. The placid sun- 
shine of the docks was perfumed with 
India. The universal calm of southern 
seas poured from the bosom of the ship, 
over the quiet, half decaying old northern 
port. Long after the confusion of un- 
loading was over, and the ship lay as if 
all voyages were ended, I dared to creep 
timorously along the edge of the dock, 
and at great risk of falling in the black 
water of its huge shadow, I placed my 
hand upon the hot hulk, and so esta1>- 
lished a mystic and exquisite connection 
with Pacific islands, with palm groves and 
all the passionate beauties they embower, 
with jungles, Bengal tigers, jKipper, and 
the crushed feet of Chinese fairies. I 
touched Asia, the Cape of Good Hope, 
and the Happy Islands. I would not be- 
lieve that the heat I felt was of our 
northern sun ; to my finer sympathy it 
burned with equatorial fervors. 

The freight was piled in the old stores. 
I believe that many of them remain, but 
they have lost their character. When I 
knew them, not only was I younger, but 
partial decay bad overtaken the town ; at 
least the balk of its India trade had 
shifted to New York and Boston. Bat 


Sea frt^m Shore. 

[ IJm ft]ifiliatK3»i rcndned* There wis no 
I in tlw ai^mooQ, 1 1 

If'. -'^' 

to' '^t^ (^>t 

#11 \vaU:h 

ItfoHnr *mi *if tbt'«|tif>r li>H'itr%i the sliijist, 

frH!i ' r mpi of life thmn nji cw^ca- 

^^. kill;: AS if in their Fletp, 

thrifty mother, — another Pru^, — mme 
snufBng and smclhoi; uliout nic* 

*^ Why I my a^on. {^t^njf. $iiujf) whore 
have vou luin ? {Sfittf, *nup^.} lias 
tho baiter Ih;cu niaUinj! {Anuff) gingrr- 
bnmfl 7 Yon ftocII a.s if yoifd hegn in 
{tmtff^ Mnttjf,) a, btk^ of cinniiTnon." 

'^ rv« only iK^n on tltc wl curves, tno- 

^' Wtfllj n?y deir^ I hop rott haTcn't 
stiii'k up your clot!it<:4 with rrjtj^aitses. 
Wlmrvi^K ani <hrty j/fti'CA, an'! danf^'i^UK 
Yon niu*^t take catc of ycjursclf, my laan. 

But T fit'part^fH trom the ninlcrnal pre- 
ficnce, proud and hfippy* I was nrotnat'c, 
T ho re aiH>ut with nic tho true fon-ign mt 
^Vhoercr mnH% tnt* feme It distant fX^un- 
fries. I had nnlinpg, spicus*, ciunainon, 
and cloves, willioiit tho jolly red-nose. 
1 pleased myself with being the rupre- 
eent alive of the Indies. I was to good 
odor with inyft<*lt Ami ^\\ the worUh 

I do not know how it h^ hul surely 
Nature ioaki*sk*adly provlsioiL An im- 
ati:iiiation ao e*sdy eieiU'd as iiiine eould 
not have escaped ,di!4tt PI J^HH tine lit if it hiid 
had ample opportunity and e.vjjerienoe of ' 
the \hms it so lonptd to nee. TlvenTore, 
although I nmde the Inrlia vi>yu|ft% I liAvo 
never Ixen a tmudler, and ^avinit tho 
little lime I was n.shore in India, I did 
not 1 OS*? tht^ .sense of novulty and rumanee, 
which the first si^ht of fonif^n bind* iJi- 
Hpirt**s That 1 ittic tiuie waK all n>y foreign 
imvek I am glad of it. I ttce now that i 
I t^hoold never have found the eoimtry 
frvjiii which that Ka^t IndiamaTi of my 
early days arrived* The palm gmves do 
not ijow with which that hand hi id upon 
i\w ship plaeed me tn jiiitf:ic (^^tnni^liont 
And a>i f«ir the bivelj Indian maid \^honi 
the palmy ar^heii b<?wered, she ha^ lonj; 
Hi nee clnspiHl &ome nutive lover lu bur 
busom, am If rijx'mnl i^do mild maternity, 
how ^hnitid I knrm her now 1 

" Yon won Id lind her qnite m easUy 
now aa theu,^ sayK my I'mOj when I 
Hpeak of it. 

8ho la right again, an nsnat, that pr^ 
cion^ wotn;in» and it ii* thercforo I ft?el 
that if the elmnn**^ <if life havi* m*-K>fed 
nie fa^t (o a bo-/ Ir^kj they IvavO ' 

h'ft al I tb? land ' > > n l' fairer an4 J 

fre?;lier in my n i u, m iIk'v euuld etet 

Im? in mv ni*nn>rv, Ipon my ^mly tOf* 
r> ■ f M o«!l i J I'di i 1 1 i*f 1 1 le U > ji and ^careli 1 
E .i for the !(hurc\ Ibil tmw in a 1 

; .-,!,,, fjun, A,i 1 ..... .* moro J 

wfum 1 rvachod hoiu« my iben; and make tortunes, who w««rgrma»«j 

lilcot^' I", and 

rfC»* i-, nnd 

I :. e, for they 

-i lim printrtj 

loi tik 'W vaulted 

1% «^ Mtis ioi^in- 

te. ." ! heaps of 

-«, f*!'! 1 yQXv^ aami 

r- I Trier &tu!Ti^ 

,t it cohL and 

ini.-,l , . -uiaiption of 

mal » SI 1m A Ltf pre- 

OBtl^r -ic ilirou^h 

^ mefia 1 tan K"hi><>U 

Hintr' ' - ' ^ '^re in neh 

iIImotl ii'xil a twdighi of 

UMML C^ .,.. ..^. ■ -i-'-V with '-^i-'Wi'^ at 

B^|M odora. 1 hkcd to lo' < v 

im flrvm the Klare of Kunhght n • d 

Qnm tbe DtioTaw«et dinine>H wo^h hke the 
|Blp«|.> hr,Mth oi* the far ofl' island- 
ef»f rmn! ptirrot or nmniw, 
btCiL ' daimt MTtth gli^U-oing 
it jinniii m liu r:^;;'/, and a^i the gay huo 
i Ikltor to a chance xunU'am. mil in 
fmk btfd, fihnll voice^ as if thru'tling 
p s^ntidtf upon a irliblening wire 
k0Ql iiiAl ^ratr' ' ' :n, then the 
Ikl wafl and wilh- 

il flMVing;^ I wi* V...'*.. iOfcTiiing the 

ITf^MD th« old atorejq and thci docks 

^ ftWvij cmmbbng, toucliei], I ktmw not 

wkj w>r lw)rw» by thtf jh'iikivo air of |»a?it 

liTQipenty, I rattibled out of the town on 

iham well remeinWrcd aftcrnounK, to the 

i thAt lay npon bin-c^ide^i over tho 

' Ivtttior, vid thai! ^at lo^ikm^ ont to hea, 

I bmef§% «>fs» distant ^ujI piorcedin^ to 

" _' aoda of the ear lb, to be my 

%jpi'^mA imafa^ who would mi ' \ 

•ad wnaiiifnl to all tl»e j^l 

dT tkerutarf ^' • ' ■ '^ '^'^*'--d 

W U» tlortt wivre 

eMi^« Eici ; 
P aalBfatmf my Irna 
|wf«d, my diktliri 


Sea from Shore, 


cloth jackets, drink iced beer, and cat 
curry, whose minds fall aj;]eep, and whoso 
bodies have liver complaints. Unseen by 
me forever, nor ever reprctted, shall wave 
the Eg^'ptian palms and the Italian pines. 
Untrodden by me the Fonim shall still 
echo wiih the footfall of imperial Rome, 
and the Parthenon, unrifled of its mar- 
bles, look perfect across the Egean blue. 
. My young friends return from their for- 
eign tours elate with the smiles of a 
nameless Italian or a Parisian belle. I 
know no such cheap delights ; I am a suit- 
or of Vittoria Colonna ; I walk with 
Taeso along the terraced garden of the 
Villa d'Este, and look to see Beatrice 
smiling down the rich gloom of the 
cypress shade. You staid at the Ilolel 
Europa in Venice, at DaniellVs, or the 
I^one bianco; I am the guest of Marino 
Faliero- and I whisper to his wife as wo 
climb tne giant's staircase in the summer 

**Ah! senzAaraore 

*Andare sul mare. 

Col 8po9o del nmre. 

Nun pao coosolare.** 

It is for the same reason that I did 
not care to dine with you and Aurelia 
last July, that I am content not to stand 
in St. Peter's. Alas ! if I could see the 
end of it, it would not be St. Peter's. 
For those of us whom Nature means to 
keep at home, she provides eutei-tainment. 
One man goes four thousand miles to 
Italy, and does not see it. he is so short- 
sighted. Another is so rar-sighted that 
he stays in his room and sees more than 

But for this very reason that it washes 
the splendid shores of my possible Europe 
and Asia, the sea draws me constantly to 
itself. Before I came to New York, 
while I was still a clerk in Boston, court- 
ing Prue, and living out of town, 1 never 
knew of a ship sailing for India or even 
for England and France, but I went up 
to the State House cupola or to the ob- 
servatory on some friend's house in Rox- 
bury, where I could not be interrupted, 
and there watched the departure. The 
sails hung ready; the ship lay in the 
stream; busy little boats and puffing 
steamers darting about it, clung to its 
side, paddled away from it, or led the way 
to sea, as minnows might pilot a whale. 
The anchor was slowly swung at the bow, 
I could not hear the sailor's son^, but I 
knew they were singing. I could not see 
the parting of friends, but I knew fare- 
wells were spoken. I did not share the 
confusion, although I knew wBat bustle 
there was, what hurry, what shouting, 

what creaking, what fall of ropes and 
iron, what sharp oaths, low laughs, whis- 
pers, sobs. But I was cool, high, separate. 
To me it was 

"A painted 9h!p 
Upon a painted ocean.** 

The sails were shaken out, and the ship 
began to move. It was a ikiT breeze, per- 
haps, and no steamer was needed 4o tow 
her away. She receded down the bay. 
Friends turned back, — I could not see 
them, — and waved their hands, and wiped 
their ay^s. and went home to dinner. Far- 
ther and farther from the sliips at anchor 
the lessening vessel became single and 
solitary upon the Water. The sun sank 
in the west ; but I watched her still. 
Every flash of her sails as she tacked and 
turned, thrilled my heart. Yet Prue was 
not on board. I had never seen one of 
the passengers or the crew. I did not 
know the consigniees nor the name of the 
vessel. I had shipped no adventure nor 
risked any insurance, nor made any bet, 
but my eyes clung to her as Ariadne's to 
the fading sail of Bacchus. The ship was 
freighted with more than appeared upon 
her papers, yet she was not a smuggler. 
She bore all there was of that nameless 
lading, yet the next ship would carry as 
much. She was freighted with fancy. 
My hopes and wishes, and vague desires 
were all on board. It seemed to me a 
treasure not less rich than that which 
filled the East Indiaman at the old dock 
in my boyhood. When at length. the 
ship was a sparkle upon the horizon, I 
w^aved my hand in last farewell, I strained 
my eyes for a last glimpse. My mind 
had gone to sea, and had left noise behind. 
But now I heard again the multitudinous 
murmur of the city, and went down 
rapidly, and threaded the short, narrow 
streets to the office. Yet, believe itw 
every dream of that day, as I watchea 
the vessel, was written at night to Prue. 
She knew that my heart had not sailed 

Those days are long past now, but still 
I walk upon the Battery and look toward 
the Narrows, and know that beyond them 
separated only by the sea, are many of 
whom I would so gladly know, and so 
rarely hear. The sea rolls between U3 
like the lapse of dusky ages. They 
tra<;ted themselves to it, and it bore them 
away far and far as if into the past. 
Last night I read of Antony, but I have 
not heard from Christopher these many 
months, and by so much farther awav ia 
he, so much older and more remote than 
Antony. As for William, he is as vague 
as any of the shepherd kings of ante- 


Sta ffmi Shrn^. 

r iljiuM^fts. Tt lit ttio pc» thai 

» door «» if 1j:v* csrrW tiiom off un4 

' mt tl*»tii I its nihcr side* It la 

Ifortmuii m! nol fmt tb^ui tipt>n 

' te itnikrsldLN An^ ihvy hiili^ and 1iA|»py 

^tlltl 7 Ij^ *^'''r imir gniy. ftjul have 

ifcr: (*r have llief Uken 

to >* ,§1 Are the J popes 

orcK'.Uiij.L )ct i Dci they fea-^t with 

hmroA^ Bor^^S*, or pr^^arh rod ivpnhUo 

II ui the Cfjuncil of Ten I l>o they 

B^hoid how hri^hiiy hrrakg the 

V -^ sf..- ...n - .^^jtidd UK^y 

Iwv i'^^re to the 

fljltv >*" ' i u.-, ;. . ■ , ^ - . .^ r or the J-^n- 

owtjrht them with Zoh^ide in the 

j cdlp^'^« c-rtr Uvn or hiivp tlicy iimde eht*o?e 

fsLi ;nT? Fricndj^ fif my 

yoc ' uumleringfihiiveyoii 

. ti|f T that you Jfeilhcr 

Aotuf* i'^> came iiUe ntmors, 

M iklM r' , ^l into history ami de- 

lb hir fjuui-u. Wa^ it longer tigo thitii 
! j f #Uli l>T timl I walked with iny eousrn, 
I pert' ' ' " I with 

! Ihtr «r ti^- ant to 

nflT ^- ■■..] and 

.:■■■- .M in 

f Wm^ tbere, hid riMen like & dawii in the 

' neftp '** ^'*"- '^^^tmL I talked and lis- 

I by Wms it longer «gp 

IQaari*^ ^t »»he to id me of her 

^i|ililiatd[ p«Iii^-« Upcsrtried with 

r*wrn>tL^ should be cheaply 

of ii*achers lead her 

jjleteHt and most rart- 

4^Ub» kik-^l4^1^f4t » how^ — and with herslen- 

ilrr pttnh'^ *^-**(w» nhf^nld Imv* a Itox at 

llif : and liveried Rer- 

ht dth ^nd youth, 

iri a j' |>erfii?t dnnale? 

■I iio^ r 7 Why d^X'n a 

gr iom' -idihiy upn my 

p«r, til ikn aert>sK with 

r*» ' ■'''••" of in«iiiin% 

wf>t I !<inj.']e te«r 

fill - j»nit up in 

ht^r and overflow if 

Ittti , rn* itJ4 wny out* 

WLj ■erowi tiif pern camf! fuinl ^uf^ty sto- 

^ fifea^ Eikr Tpijr rmfT^ m ffie wind, ofa clojft- 

1 ton — iinil a 

i««d hiiTiii'vl 


cne — ^and a 

md go«x ftt 

pleacnre, who h Tint a husband, yet hm 
the key of the cloii^tered panlen ? I ^ 
not ktjow. They are pecretii of the 
Tht* pi<?tures pru*^ before my mind sudden^ 
ly jind I manure*;, and I feel the tears rls* 
ing that T wonid jjirtdly rt'prf}*is. Titbit- 
lorn lofjks Rl me, then stands by the win* 
do*f of the oftlee and leans'^ his broi 
jurainfit the cold iron bars, and look^ down I 
into the httle square paved court* I t&%m\ 
my hat and steal out of the olBiH: f!>ra fijK 
minutes, and slowly pure the bnTTying 
ptrfK?^, Meek -eyed Alicx' f mn^'-nifieenl ^ 
Mnud \ fWi>iit hab3- Lilian! why flrx^sth* 
^ca imprison you m far away, when will 
you return ? whc*re clo yon im|^r ? Tho 
water lu|^!i^ idly about the dnckji, — lie's ealm,, 
or Rayly heaveH^ Why does it brinp ino| 
doubts and fears now, that bmu^ht sneh 
bounty of beauty in the 4tiyn lon^f gone 7 
I remembtT that the day when my dnrk 
haified couNrn. with hoops of barbanc gold-j 
in her cars, sailed Uh- I tidy, won iiuartcr dmf \ 
when we ba!ivnred the l>ook.s, ft wM 
nearly no<in. anil in my impatience to bo 
away. I had not added niy columns with 
siifflcient c^re. The inexorsible hand of 
the olBce cloek p<«ntc<i solenuily tawardii 
twelve, and the remorseless penduluinj 
ticked solemnly to nmin* To a man who^m i 
pleasures are not mnny. nnd rather jimafij I 
the loss of such an event as mrng far«f-| 
well and wishini]; God ijyoed to a frtend go« I 
jng for Europe, h a ^eiit Ioe^s. It was so | 
espociaUy because there wa«i always* more j 
to m&, in every departure, than the parl- 
jngnnd the fare w el h X was j:radually nwj 
flouncing this pleasure as 1 saw tmalij 
profipeet of ending l>efore noon, when] 
Tit hot torn, after looking at me a moment^ Jl 
came to my fiiide of the defk, and said : 
" I should hke to finish that far you/" 
1 looked at hmi : poor Titbottom ! h^ 
bad no friends to wff^h (IcHt speed npoiM 
any journey. I quietly wipoi} my JMi^l 
took down n^y hat, and went out* It iru<| 
in the day?( of i^ni) par'kets and h^ rogll* 
Stirity, when pm\^ to Eurojie was more of 
an ejjoch in life, flow gayly my cou.^iii»] 
litood upon the deek and detaile*! to m^I 
he^r plans! How merrily the ehildrenn ' 
Khniiie^J and Raufj; ! H&w hmg I held ray 
cos^sin's little hand hi mme, and irajied in- 
to her great eyoja, rt?mem!iertng that they J 
w^MiId sec and touch the thinp* that wert^l 
1 lie to me Pir eviT, hut all the mor» f 
iia and fnir I 8h« kissed mo— I wts j 
Hisre tearsk I njmem^H 
I ] promi«eti^ m wmrittf J 

it wita only the nllier day that [ saw 
another parUng of the Mme kind, I waa 
not A principal, only a »p«ctator \ bmt m 


Sea from Shore. 


fond am T of sharing:, afar off as it wore, 
and unseen, the sympathies of human be- 
ings, that r cannot avoid often going to 
the dock upon steamer-days and giving 
myself to that pleasant and melancholy 
observation. There is always a crowd, 
but this day it was almost impossible to 
advance through the masses of people. 
The eager faces hurried by ; a constant 
stream poured up the gangway into the 
Rtcanier, and the upper deck, to which I 
gradually made my way, was crowded 
with the passenjrers and their friends. 
There was one group upon which my eyes 
first fell and upon which my memory lin- 
gers. A glance, brilliant as daybreak, — 
a voice, 

" Her voice's TnuBic,— cull It the weirs bubbling, the 
bird's warble,** 

a goddess girdled with flowers, and smiling 
farewell upon a circle of worshippers, to 
each one of whom that gracious calmness 
made the smile sweeter, and the farewell 
more sad, — other figures, other flowers, 
an angel face— all these T saw in that 
group as I was swayed up and down the 
deck by the eager swarm of people. The 
hour came, and I went on shore with the 
rest The plank was drawn away, — the 
captain raised his hand — the huge steamer 
slowly moved, — a cannon was fired — the 
ship was gone. 

The sun sparkled upon the water as 
they sailed away. In five minutes the 
steamer was as separated from the shore 
as if it had been at sea a thousand years, 
1 leaned against a post upon the dock and 
looked around. Ranged upon the edge 
of the wharf stood that band of worship- 
pers, waving handkerchiefs and straining 
their eyes to see the last smile of farewell, 
— did any eager selfish eye hope to see 
a tear? They to whom the handker- 
chiefs were waved stood high upon the 
stern, holding flowers. Over them hung 
the great flag, raised by the gentle wind 
into the graceful folds of a canopy,-^say 
rather a gorgeous gonfalon waved over 
that triumphant departure, over that su- 
preme youth, and bloom, and beauty, 
going out across the mystic ocean to 
carry a finer charm and more human 
splendor into those realms of my imagi- 
nation beyond the sea. ** You will return, 
O youth and beauty ! " I said to my dream- 
ing and foolish self, as I contemplated 
those fair figures, richer than Alexander 
with Indian spoils. All that historic as- 
sociation, that copious civilization, those 
grandeurs and graces of art^ that variety 
and picturesqueness of life, will mellow and 
deepen your experieaoe even as time 

silently touches those old pictures into a 
more persuasive and pathetic beauty, and 
as this increasing summer sheds ever soft- 
er lustre upon the landscape. You will 
return conquerors and n<5t conquered. 
You will bririg Europe, even as Aurelinn 
brought Zenobia captive, to deck your 
hom(?ward triumph. I do not wonder 
that these clouds break away, I do not 
wonder that the sun presses out and floods 
all the air, and the land, and the water, 
with light that graces with happy omens 
your stately farewell." 

r»ut if my faded face looked after them 
with such earnest and longing emotion, — 
I, a solitary old man, unknown to those 
fair beings, and standing apart from that 
band of lovers, yet in that moment bound 
more closely to them than they knew, — 
how was it with those whose hearts sailed 
away with that youth and beauty? I 
watched them closely from behind my 
post. I knew that life had paused with 
them ; that the world stood still. T knew 
that the long, long summer would be only 
a yearning regret. I knew that each asked 
himself the mournful question, " Is this 
parting typical — this slow, sad, sweet reces- 
sion?" And I knew that they did not 
dare to ask whether they should meet 
again, nor to contemplate the chances of 
the sea. 

The steamer swept on, she was near 
Staten Island, and a final gun boomed 
far and low across the water. The crowd 
was dispersing, but the little group re- 
mained. Was it not all that llood had 

** I saw thee, loTelj Inez, 
Descend along the shore 
With bands of noble gentlemen, 
And banners wavetl before; 
And gentle youth and malders gay, 
And snowy jtlomes they wore ; — 
It would have been a beauteous dniaiii. 
If It bad been no more 1 ** 

** youth ! " I said to them without 
speaking, "bo it gently said as it is 
solemnly thought, should they return no 
more, yet in your memories the high hour 
of their loveliness is for ever enshrined. 
Should they come no more they never 
will be old, nor changed, to you. You 
will wax and wane, you will sufler, and 
struggle, and grow old, but this summer 
vision will smile, immortal, upon your 
lives, and they shall shed for ever, under 
that slowly waving flag, smiling hope and 
peace. ft is so elsewhere ; it is the ten- 
derness of Nature. Long, long ago, wo 
lost our first-bom, Pruc and I. Since 
then, we have grown older, and our chil- 
dren with OS. Changs oomed^ and grielj 


Sea from Shore. 


pn-hap!(. and dcciy. We are happy, our 
children are obe«lient and gay. But 
filkotiM Prue live until she has lost us all, 
and laid us, frray and weary, in our 
prare^ she will have always one babe in 
her heart. Every mother who has lost 
an infant, has gained a child of immortal 
TMjifh. Can you find comfort here, lov- 
er', whose mistress has sailc<l away ? " 

[ did not atik the question aloud. I 
t^*in{^t it only, as I watched the youths, 
anl turned away while they still stood 
|[t2:ng. One, I observed, climbed a post 
anil waved his black hat before the white- 
washed side of the shed over the dock, 
whence I supposed he would tumble into 
the water. Another had tie<l a handker- 
cfafef to the end of a somewhat bap:«ry um- 
brella, and, in the eagerness of gnzinp:, 
had forrotten to wave it, so that it hung 
moumfully down, as if overpowerc<l with 
the jnief it could not express. The en- 
tranced youth still held the umbrella 
aloft. It ^med to me as if he had struck 
his flajr ; or as if one of my cravats were 
aTiuir in that sunlighL A negro carter 
wa> juking with an apple-woman at the 
entrance of the dock. The steamer was 
CiC of si<:ht. 1 found that I was belated 
and hurried back to my desk. Alas! 
poor lovers; I wonder if they are watch- 
ng still ? Has he fallen exhausted from 
the post into the water 1 Is that hand- 
ktrrrbief bleached and rent still pendant 
af^m that S4)i)iewhat baggy umbrella ? 

- Vfrtith and beauty went to Europe to- 
day.*^ mid I to Prue, as I stirred my tea 
at evening. 

As I spoke, our youngest d.iughter 
bn*'jcht me the sugar. She is just eigh- 
tttn. and her name should bo IIel)e. I 
t'N.k a lump of sugar and looked at her. 
>}>f had n vc-r sttmed so lovi'ly, and as I 
•'•r.:.p-l til" !»»mpin myup, I kis-jcd hor. 
1 i:^'»<^ d at Priu". Tlie dear woman 
MfiiUiL but did i.ot aiL«wer my cxclama- 


Thus, without travelling, I travel, and 
^hart* ih.-im';l;<»n.-*of ih')>(' I do not know. 
Ui:t <-oinct:njes the old lonuing comes ovir 
m*- a-i in the <lay< when I timidly touchcfl 
tlie hu?*» Kai't lndi?.m:»n, and magnetical- 
ly Mile^l piimd the world. It wus but a 
fcw da\ s af er the lovers and I waved 
farrweil to the ste.ini'T ahd while tho 
h'V. ly ti/iins standing under the great 
ptxifi}*>ns were as v'^vid in my mind as 
ever, that a day of premature sunny sad- 
neM. like these of the Indian sumtner, 
drew me away from the office early in 
the aHemoou: fi^r fortunately it is our 
doll fetm*m now, and even Titb<;ttom 
( leaves the office by five o'clock. 

Althongh why ho should leave it, or where 
he goes, or what he does, I do not well 
know. Before I knew him, I used eomc- 
times to meet him with a man whom I 
was afterwards told was Bartleby, the 
scrivener. Even then it seemed to mo 
that they rather clubbed their loneliness 
than made society for each other. Re- 
O'.ntly I have not seen Bartleby; but 
Titbottom seems no more solitary because 
he is alone. 

I strolled into the Battery, and as I 
sauntered alwut, Staten IsUnd looked so 
alluring, tender-hued with summer and 
melting in the haze, that I resolved to in- 
dulge myself in a pleasure-trip. It wa* 
a little selfish, perhaps, to go alone, but 
I looked at my watch, and saw that if I 
should hurry home for Prue the trip 
would be lost ; then I should be disappoint- 
ed and she would bo grieved. Ought I 
not rather (I like to begin questions 
which I am going to answer aftirmative- 
ly, with ought^) to take the trip and re- 
count my advcn'.ures to Prue upon my 
return, whereby I should actually enjoy 
the excursion and the pleasure of telling 
her, while she would enjoy my story and 
be glad that I was pleased f Ought I 
wilmlly to deprive us both of this various 
enjoyment by aiming at a higher, whioh, 
in losing, we should lose all ? 

Unfortunately, just as I was triumph- 
antly answering "Certainly not!" ano- 
ther question marched into my mind, 
escorted by a somewhat defiant oughL 

" Ought I to go when 1 have such a 
debate about it?" 

But while I was perplexe<l and scoffing 
at my own scniples, the ferrv-bell sud- 
denly rang, and answered all my queB- 
tions. Involuntarily I hurried on board. 
The boat slipped fvom the dock. I went 
up on deck t«) enjoy the view of the city 
from the l>ay, but just as 1 sat down and 
meant to have saifl *' how beautiful ! " I 
found myself a.-^king : 

'• Ought I to have come ? " 

Lostin ptTplexing debate I saw little 
of tlie scenery of the bay ; but the remem- 
brance of Piu-' aid the gentle inHuenco 
of the day plunged me into a nnx>d of 
pensive. reverie which nothing tended to 
destroy, until we suddenly.arrived at tlio 
l.inding. As I was stepping a-<hore 1 wa« 
greete<l by Mr. Bounie, who passes the 
summer on the island, and who hospita- 
bly asked if 1 were gt)ing his way. Ilia 
way was towanl the southern end of the 
island, and 1 said yes. His {)«>ckets were 
full of papers and his brow of wrinkles, 
80 when wo reached the point where he 
should turn oUJ I asked him to lei me 


Sea from Shore. 


alight, althongh he was Very anxious to 
cany me wherever I was goinp. 

" I am only Rtrojling about," I answer- 
ed as I dambcrcd carefuUy out of the 

" Strolling about ?" asked he in a be- 
wildered manner, " do people stroll about 
nowadays ? " 

" Sometimes," I answered, smiling, as 
I pulled my trousers down over my bcfots, 
for they had dragged up as I stepped out 
of the wagon, " and beside, what can an 
old bookkeeper do better in the dull 
season than stroll about this pleasant is- 
land and watch the ships at sea ? " 

Bourne looked at me with his weary 

"I'd give five thousand dollars a year 
for a dull season," said he, " but as for 
strolling, I've forgotten how." 

As he spoke his eyes wandered dreami- 
ly across the fields and woods, and were 
fastened upon distant sails. 

" It is pleasant," he said musingly, and 
fell into silence. But I had no time to 
spare, so I wished him good afternoon. 

" I hope your wife is well " said Bourne 
to me, as I turned away. Poor Bourne I 
He drove on alone in his wagon. 

But I made haste to the most solitary 
point upon the southern shore, and there 
sat, glad to be so near the sea. There was 
that warm sympathetic silence in the air 
that gives to Indian-summer days almost 
a human tenderness of feeling. A deli- 
cate haze, that seemed only the kindly air 
made visible, hung over the sea. The 
water lapped languidly among the rocks, 
and the voices of children in a boat be- 
yond rang musically, and gradually rece- 
ded until they were lost in the distance. 
It was some time before I was aware of 
the outline of a large ship drawn vaguely 
upon the mist, which I supposed at first to 
be only a kind of mirage. But the more 
steadfastly I gazed, the more distinct it be- 
came, and I could no* longer doubt that I 
Haw a stately ship lying at anchor not 
more than half a mile from the land. 

*' It is an extraordinary place to anchor." 
I said to myself. ^' or can she be ashore ?*' 

There were no signs of distress ; the 
sails were carefully clewed up, and there 
were no sailors in the tops nor upon the 
shrouds. A iiag, of which I could not see 
the device or the nation, hung heavily at 
the stem, and looked as if it had fallen 
asleep. My curiosity began to be singu- 
larly excited. The form of the v^«el 
seemed not to be permanent, but within a 
quarter of an hour 1 was sure that I had 
aeen half a doien different ships. As I 
gtied I saw no more sdlsi nor masts, bat 

a long range of oars, flashing like a golden 
fringe, or straight and stiff like the legs 
of a sea- monster. 

*• It is some bloated crab or lobster mag- 
nified by the mist," I said to myself com- 

But at the same moment there was a 
concentrated flashing and blazing in one 
spot among the rigging, and it was as if I 
saw a beatified ram, or, more truly, a 
sheepskin splendid a«i the-hair of Berenice. 

" Is that the golden fleece ? " I tliought 
'•But surely Jason and the Argonauts 
have gone home long since. Do people go 
on gold-fleecing expeditions now ?" I asked 
myself in perplexity. *'Can this be a 
California eteamcr ? '• 

now could I have thouglit it a steamer ? 
Did I not see those sails ** thin and sere ? " 
Did I not feel the melancholy of that sol- 
itary bark ? It had a mystic aura ; a 
boreal brilliancy shimmered in its wake, 
for it was drifting seaward. A strange 
fear curdled along my veins. That sum- 
mer sun shone cool. The weary, battered 
ship was gashed as if gnawed by ice. 
There was terror in the air, as a " skinny 
hand so brown " waved to me from the 
deck. I lay as one bewitched. The hand 
of the ancient mariner seemed to be reach- 
ing for me like the hand of death. 

Death ? Why. as I was inly praying 
Prue's forgiveness for my solitary ramble 
and consequent demise, a glance like the 
fulness of summer splendor gushed over 
me; the odor of flowers and of eastern 
gums made all the atmosphere. I breath- 
ed the orient and lay drunk with balm, 
while that strange ship, a golden galley 
now, with glistening draperies festooned 
. with flowers, paced to the measured beat 
of oars along the calm, and Cleopatra 
smiled alluringly from the great pageant's 

Was this a barge for summer waters 
this peculiar ship I saw ? It had a ruined 
dignity, a cumbrous grandeur, although 
its masts were shattered and its sails renL 
It hung pretcmaturally still upon the sea, 
as if tormented and exhausted by long 
driving and drifting. I saw no sailors, but 
a great Spanish ensign floated over, and 
waved, a funeral plume. I knew it then. 
The armada was long since scattered, but 
floating far * 

last for centuries, and again restored to 
sight, here lay one of the fated ships of 
Spain. The huge galleon seemed to flU 
all the air, boilt up against the sky like 
the gilded ships (^ Claude Lornune sgsinsfe 


Sm /r6m Shore, 


BtH it IM» ror now m Mack fikfr tlnu 

Wr:; ■ liiV ; 

of • T'^^u^^|» OAihs, 

|itt^^ ;iutiili?r of COTf!- 

, ftAd over all Liic j^uatjr )h*11 of ft tle- 

> H^ woM «M Ebb«ft Eldit «* I ttIt«HL" 

-Tlicre wef» no don^U 1,,,,,^, r imt mrhr 
i tky I tiAW ti Mving with 

iai|t thiotuM- _ i re scnitorfi 

1^ I \Mth dllCIll boTi- 

tn liw- L^ SI riug* Th« 

k h»rk Kvi arti uputi a caIhi hke ihjit 

r^tailMrti but(idi'«. 1 kaw the Buoen- 

I and tli« nyptiali t^f V*ctuc« «Dd the 

Wlw wen* tlim$ wming over the «if1e 7 
t Cfwwtbd the boftta, ftnd sprang into 
r? men in old Sfaabh nrtnor, 
and sworck and bearing m 
tm J Wlm iru he staniling 
<iedc with folilrcl arms and gn- 
[ towafd the Aborts as loTtfs on their 
mod martyrs npon Ueaven? 
'wli^ clbtatit and tumultuous mim 
[ ddi amatl otift Cflciip^ Irom other 
afKJ distant snores? Wh»t 
I of foiTiKn tivTimjiS^ forgotten nm?, 
, and whui hohmmly of dnhtirk- 
|1 Wan ihh pitve fbrnn« (VthiriM'ti* ? 
Yd theaft wer« not iw) ^^juitiwh ah ttiKj 
j«it now. This grtmp of strri:i- 
with hii^h fjfukf-vJ hnts, who 

iflli tipf>tb 

1 <lw!k AJid ItM^kc'd out 

p» ft ah 

t <t*tijd *nx» hy th*'ir 

vkot ■nile L" 

' son, wft.« roii^h, 


In tliat Koft ftf- 

niMa, iiwidif 

■ "' ^njii^jfi li|iuii 

■1 iMil d«. 

V ll4^.ntl to 

B l» t» «ecinv^ 

... ,j>f H'iiilry 




f«tU^ "irlivr* « 

hiiiiiil 1 kEo ? ^ hiiui 

IMM I niiVCt what f^h'nikl I ^i^^l Is nnt 

Mtbairwd thai 

» h 

! Itiiia. tlM Al(wnU» tJi^il J havL lo.t / ' 

Aa I «at ptarin^ At it I could not hi3t 

wbdlier iioanit bail awn tliin 

vbn k« lmjk«d upOQ Ibo wat^r? 

k lit tot aueb sifjt^ta rr^r dfi^', be- 

I ba lif«a doim t^re I In tt nut f^r- 

( ft maci<^t yacht ar hia ? and dot»i h« 

I filir pn^mf ^1^ after biialnitis bonrs ta 

, and Spaiii, and Epyfit^ fwrftap^ to 

|><irsAint Does b« run ni^.s wiih 

ftj, PtutopftUr ami IJirm of S)in- 

nfft regaUat on fabuluoi «yu I 

Why not 1 He U a i-ii^h nmn t*n>. And wlMf 
should not (^ Xpw York nicrohnnt m 
whtit a SyriiciiM? tymnt nnd an Eiiyptian 
I » r i I ice did? 11 j* ^i 1 to urnc's y a eJ 1 1' tho«e 
tmiiptuoiH chftinberii, like I*hi%iiiter*g 
^ilk*rv* of which the greater jinrt win 
made of ^pht cedar, and of Mtlcsmn cy* 
prcs*;; And hA^ In* tvvnity diwirs jiut trt- 
fli*ther with bt'nms c»f ritroii-woocl wt\)\ 
tunny omriniriit-i ? Ilrt^ tho roof of his 
cabin a i-arvcd (fi»!d*>n fiw.'e, itnd is bis sail 
hncn wiih a ]>nrpiu fntiiL^'? 

I suppose it is ho. J sAid to my^ielf as I 
lw>kfd wist folly lit I he ?ihip which begjm 
to pli miner mid melt in the hsize* 

'' It not a Miin^ sni*ek ?" 
I mkpil douljlfiiUy, 

No. It nnif^t hi} Bcmrne^s niaigfc! rw:hl ; I 
was sure of it* I mM not help Uu^hing 
at |x)or old Hiem, uhu»ie cabins were di- 
vided into tnany rootus with floors cotu- 
pogeii of mOBJiie work of all Isind-^ of -if ones 
tiissftllated. And on this nR^wuV the whole 
story of the Illnd was dfpicted in a niar- 
?eTlous mannLT lie had oidy purdens 
*'oi nMmrU of n^o^l wonder In I Ixaufy. 
enriched with nil sorts of jiIanLij au4 
shad-iw^l by roofs of lead or tiles. And 
iKjj^idoii thi», ther*? wtrt* tent^ roofed with 
bou|;hs of white ivy m\*l of llw vine, the 
root* of whkdi deri^eil their nioistutr from 
casks full of earth, nnd w«fre watered in 
the same manner as the pui^ienfi^ There 
wvn' t4itiple!^,a!sfj. with door** of ivory and 
citron- wytnL rurnt**hiHl in the numi ejt- 
quiMtc nmiiner, wit^ pk'tnivs and litiitneA, 
and with go bids imd vasiss of « Very form 
and hhii]H> hu:iginEihli<.'' 

** Pi Mir Hoiit rie I *^ I Kaid^ ** I sitp|x>«e hi* 
is finer thun thut whieh is; a thmisiutl 
yc'ars oliL l*<jcjr I to unit* I 1 donU wonder 
thttt his eyert are weiiry, ntid that he 
wonl<l jiay ^o dearly for a diiy of h/i.-siire, 
iJear nie I ia it one of the pHcf's tliat niiiNt 
Im? paifl for wealth, the kwping npamn^c 

Involuntarily 1 had asked the questioa 

** The migie yaehtris not Bounw's," im- 

vfite^l a farnihnr roiee» I liMike*! up 
:jd TitlKittoin Ktood by my «idtu *• Ilo 
\tm not know that all Bourne'** iiioncy 
woultl not Imy the yacht / " a-*ked ho, 
*^ [le i-annot even He*: it. And tf he eonId« 
it woiihi tn' Uif rii;i4:ir yacht Ui hini^ but 
only a Imttrn^d and iitfilitary bnlk. *^ 

The haxe blew p-*^nUy uwiiy an Tit* 
b<»ltofn K(M>ke. at*! ih.i.. ir,i n,. Si.inidh 
galleon, my lio' laV 

galley and iVduii , cind 

the Pilprim's Muv i- Uiwit, an old bkacll* 
tng wreck op in tbi- l*«^*h* 

'* Do ; ou 9^up|ioM; any true low tft ia 




vwn?'* iisked Titbottom solenmlfj is ho 
BtocHl hare headed, and the soft sunset 
wiD*i |jl'un.^l with his few H&irs. -* Could 
Cleojmtrft ,smile uptJD Antony, and the 
tnoon iijion Endymionj and the bca not 
Jovt* its lovers ? " 

Tbe fresh sea air breathed upon our 
fiuses us lie fipoke. T might have mailed in 
Hiero's ship, or in Roman galleys, had I 
lived long centuries ago, aod been born ft 
Bobleman, But would it be so sweet a 
rcnietnhr?ina^. tliat of lying on a msrblo 
couuh under a golden faced roof and with- 
in doors of citron wood and ivory , and 
Bailing in that state to g^eet queens who 
are mummies now^ as that of seeing these 
fdr ligun-s^ standing under the great gon- 
falons^ theu> selves as lovely as Egyptian 
belle«3. aiul going to see mor<? tijau Egypt 
dreamed ? 

The yticht was tnine. then, and not 
Bounie*s. I took Titbottotn'a arm and 
we sauiitercd toward the furry* What 

sumpitiouR SulUn was T, with this sodij 
Yizier? Sfj languid odalisque, the sea, 
lay at my feet a^ we adTanced, and spark* 
led all over with a sunset smile, Ilad I 
trusted myself to her arms to be home to 
the realms that I shall noTer see. or sailed 
long voyages toward Cathay^ I am not 
sure I should have brought a more pre- 
cious present to Prue^ than the story of 
that afternoon. 

'^ Ought I to have gone alone?" I ask- 
ed her as T ended* 

" I ought not to have gone with you/* 
she replied, ** for I had work to do. But 
how strange that you should see such 
things at Staten Island. I never did^ Mr^ 
Titbottom." said *ihe» turning to my dep- 
uty, whom I had asked to tea. 

*'JIadam," auswen^d Titbottom, with 
n kind of wan and quaint dignity^ so that 
I could not help thinking he must have 
arrived in that stray ship from the Spanish 
armada, '^ neither did Sir. Bourne," 



rpHE title of this arlicle may induce 
X. people to iiupp0{?e that f am writing 
from experience ; that T am, perhaps, ia 
debt, and s^hort of money. I am no such 
thing. On the ojntrary I am exceedingly 
wealtljy. I have very large possessions 
in Ireland. 1 have a greaier snrn than 
modesty allows me to mention, invested 
in TuBcarora coal stock. My credit is 
Tinequalied in Innumerable pkcts, that 
it would be too tecLious to particularize* I 
can at any moment draw on my banker 
for any sum the public may choose to 
name* I deal with the most expensive 
tftilora^ drink vhiS vougeot every day for 
dinner ; in short I have never known for an 
instant what it was to want money. 

What I am about to detail is merely the 
«r^ult of (XTtain coufessions of a friend of 
mine^ — no, not a friend either. An ac- 
quaintance, say. A casual acquaintance, 
who^ in a moment of after-dinner coinma- 
nicativeut'ss, disci osimI to me a good many 
facts conwrtimg his history. [ should bii 
very rainh annovijil indee*l if juny body 
were to huagine that I am iu the remoU^I 
degree connected with these details of 
povert}'. As J said befurt.*, my circuui- 
stauee^ tin* in the most t]^>urbhtng cotidi* 
tion, F.vtrry thing etisuotial to lu^urioua 

enjoy meTit snrroands me a^ I writej and 
1 have four aervanLi (in blue liveries) wait- 
ing respectfully at the end of the spadous 
and nchly furnished apartment m which 
I ani sitting* in order to carry this article, 
page by page, to the Editor of Futnam^s 
Monthly, If he donH take it, Til offer it 
to Harper, for I want the mo — ^- that ia 
to aay. I am anxtouB that the public should 
have the benefit of my — acquaintance's i 

His name is Sfynus. Belisarius MynusL 
His father was somebody if I could' only 
recount whom. His mother was Dobo«iy, 
as well as I oould gather from him. And 
he Tvas born, heaven knows where. Ho 
has^ however^ a name* Whether this name 
results from his parents, or from chance^ 
or fmm hi^ own invention, I am at this 
moment quite unwilhng to i^y. 

Slynus, I believe, began life by becom- 
ing a literary man. That is to f^ay^ bo 
lived in a garret, and contributed to tho 
Oct'ident periodical* ' His ciiildbot>d is lost 
in ohhurtirity, and the (irst cp<.M:h from 
w*hich I c:ui ihiti* his existeuce, i^. the pub- 
licalion of a story entitled 'The Animated , 
Skvh'ion.*^ At III is j>triod of his life ho j 
kcj^t bin cttal^ in a hat»box, anri bit'th^d I 
elu't'.se on a lirwshovid. FviXu tln» carhcHt 
kiroun |H.'riod. hisi timmces were not in a 
tlourinhing condition* The Orcident Magi^ 
ziite was not over hbcral iu iti< pay^ My- 



MiMtii^n^kni for ^'Th^ Ammjitcd 
Skawtoa.** wY^h-Ii tuiuk t^xncily twelve 
nfts, ftti ' nm* lin<?^ — which lft>*f, 

liy lJi» V 'r> have l*ecn (mid for 

ti a whnj** I'^g''. 't tiic ptlit^if liii4 had any 
imnor in hiin. btit he hii>i ma— anil I10 
hiii to «Jitt»t nn that ^xnw for At( rntire 
MMilli. ivhk^Hi wben the prici? of mciaU wa?^ 
dwtoeted, K-fl but a Mimll tuarj^ji far dothes 
and packt't iiitinry, ^'u^y hcnjii^ alB(>, 
1ft Till. \ iti^rntion ijave oiiL Tlim wag 
^r -Mild ; hut I wili mwntmiti 
v, ihiit Mjnus can writhe a 
{lioffieiit than any nun 
* I have a tale m my 
40«k Lki« |4-t'^iii hour --a, laXv of /ir# t 
bqf j<m f^> nn«l*T!*t4Mjd — entitled Tho 
"^ act . which I will back for 

itt < er, aj^inst any .story 

* " '►, or Hawthorne ever 

^ r tliHt may be. Mynua 
» jv *, i^T^tuM mrr^er. It was, he sajd^ a 
|«ltry and un^mufu! profession. Editors 
«i*i »tjt Ji|>fvrpciat« jrvniu^ when they met 
it; ro ftddiUcin t«* wliu-li, Ihey wert*, h^^ 
pnmnkX n»k', Iht' u leanest, most dishonesty, 
an*! n^i^t ignorunt of mankind- Of pub- 
li«J^cr« iu? had ft 8unr1arly jriAi opmion. A 
|:«hhHl^.T vr&!D « niKldle man. stamhnj^ lK^- 
t««^4k the author and tht pnhhc, and 
faring on the plunder of both. Let him 
IhH 0O5C KTow rirh, Mynii«5i would say* 
«ad liv wmild rru>^h all ^i\<^h Termtn into 
tikp BiffittUrst du»<t of tnfamy ! 

M)nu4 look his deftfirlurc imm the 
rtabn^ of ^rttun. w^th a ^hiUmji; in »dver^ 
tixrei otiilM m ix>p|nTS ^>>d an hneution. 
Tbrav <t»Qtf^t}iti It'll tiii entire capitaJ. The 


Mm titai 
PUT fetmu^ 


.'It f'on* 


capitaj tg set it 

sed it to llin^ts 

as aln^ailvj but 

f^jtjs wiiic:h hovers 

■Ti any wjiy with 

. i >i )ii *i'ticability . 

dead, wine Imd 

:en uii it^ rcsiiilu^ 


km *irfm»k« jii«iifft 

h^ri Uti-l In KT37-i!»"th Ktrt?et, You 
r< In t^al hxrahtv, 
n v^tj, X(it Tfmt 
lb H 

il ja dii! lly 
III! and nti* 
lArf^l'"^'"**- if *t< wuiu ti, who occu[»y 

themselves vrjth abusing eai^h othiT bi 
celbn*. Brutal German FhoemakeM in- 
habit thv haiH'mentS'^1 mar remark m 
panmnt that the German shoeimiker is 
t' ' -t dtin in existence^ at lensl 90 

> — ^washerwomen, orjijian^cam- 
■3 L c L > - 1 -,. .tnd ol d clo t hefi res nscitatorjj geti- 
t^rpilly o<N*upyinf^ the upper fimrs. A 
Dutch grocery^ cjfcoiinie. looms at either 
comer, wfiere at night a red. nnwhote*! 
lome lifrht glares out upon the dark streot. 
and tih ricks and blasphemies, and cries of 
murdi»r who along the Btones» i 

>Jyniis had a poor room tn the honm 
of a t^oatamicr^ a large red-fuctd Falstaf- 
fiaii Israelite, who majde h»g living by 
e^upfptyingone of our theatres with certain 
articles of stage wartirobep Hw made 
calico doublets trimmed with yellow wool- 1 
len bmtd, that looked by gaslight like 
Kilken apparel dt-co rated with i^^ld* lira 
K^^imm helmets were wonderfully rlanvi- 
cal and effect iTii, tfje head-piece.^ being! 
generally conMtmcled of old bx>l-top4 j 
ehaperi and varniHhud+ witJi an arrhi*d ) 
piece of wooti fastened on top, which was 
adorned with copper leaf that at uighl 
shone With mnch ^pk-ndur. on tlie huads 
of supernumeraries* Sofuetiines -^fynnft's 
landlord would have i*> make a coat for 
tho chief icior, and then h^ would taktt ^ 
great painii mdet'd. He would be seen 
running about in fut ha«ttN with httle fx^n 
and ink sketches of the garment ]u hii 
pi>ckeK ptckin^ up bugks hero and MWer 
cord theit^, and imitation |KHnt bee in 
another place. And then there i^ould \m 
trcnienduus setving and bastiin^^ altering 
and fitting, anfl ni Hi Hate me.ssiagL*,< fium th« 
chief actor to hiirry uji thin tniat fur dn.-^ I 
rehearsal, nntil at laut the coijituinier'l 
tnumph would Im.* eompbttiby aceitig in 
the piny hiU i 

Tt waft he rip that Mr, lk*ti!«anu.< Mynus ' 
ha/l a miM.*r*ihle attic, for vvliich he waf 
popularly Hupjx>>v<l to pay the Wflekljr , 
Bum of twfi dttlhirs Jaku many other 
(w> I N u I ar *i » pjK J8t I ions 1 h is, h* t we v^r. was a 
drSusion; ami at the tinir I hpi'^k of My- 
nu^ hadartunliy aecotnplishcd the nevt-p- 
li^'l»forirt*t1en nrh^ vi-ment of rimniiij? in 
debt to a Jew, t«j thv :ifmnjnt t,f i-Hir- ' 
Ia*?u dollaris and twtMi 
old eent.s wer*? on Bi"" • ' 
ofbrttO'ly and wati^r^ ami mpny* ■• 
m hO|ip|iiHJ |f» Mr. Mynuft on tli. 1 

of his !i Jiving a hteraiy party. 

The -rthole Koum? n?eketl of lh»'atrt^ 
If unv wu^tt* p«|»cr wttH huddhtl awav *n 
mniT r*, it w sis* j-nre to he a mn-^ nf nld ] 
pUy bUhs, iiandy mlored prinUof t^t*y 



rite ajt^tors hung on the w&lh. There were 
Jantcs Wallftck as Hoik, and Echsrin For- 
rest, bciirinir an unl hailed muuber of per- 
Koiis off of the stage under each aran, T»w- 
iln drc'sses, booking tarnished tmd mouldy 
in the dajhijht, littered the rmjms* Tlieat- 
rJciU properties served the most foreijjn 
ji 1 1 v^niB^^. 1 he coals were ke pt in a ScaV^h 
trir:;e, and a two-himded sword of the Ger- 
man middle-age period, was ninck in the 
window m^h to keep i t from rat tl i nf;^. Mrs, 
Sollerman Isaacs, in the privacy of her do- 
mestic dticle, iii^uuU J appeared inaeotton 
Tchet coronation rolje, hy way of a dressing 
gown, llehnets, shiokls, doublete, green, 
rctl and blue, trunk hose, and clof^tic 
tights, jack and Spanish booL^ together 
with a thousand other pirish and iJI- 
ficented artkles of attire^ lay all over the 
house, with the dirt and craziness of 
whii^h, tliese fe^jtal garmeii|a contrasted 

JTynuk poor fellow, after hts final re- 
solve to cut literature, entered his abode 
in rather dull spirits* HtJ stole upstairs, 
so that his landb.ird mi^ht not hear hira^ 
and advifrt to the unsettled ao-ount^ ou 
the istair-case, which event would l>e nuts 
and cht^ese to his fellow-lodgers, who 
would be sure to listen at their doors. 
IkhnuR was to a certain extent careless 
nliotit being dunned in private^ but a putt- 
Ik dun was more than he was aocustomcd 
to l*eur with equanimity, 

lie ^t donn at his table, and revolTed 
hi.^ pre^nt position. It was by no in cans 
briliiant. One shilling and thrfejience 
was not an immoderate capital to com- 
mL-nce life oyer again with ; and without 
cnjiital what was to become of his iuYcu- 

" A curse on all publishers and capitat- 
ists/' he muttorcdf jingling the one and 
tlireei*ence in his left trousers pocket, the 
only one that bad no holes in it. ** They 
liii^ht have made a fortune out of me had 
they chosen. There were my collected 
tales wiiich I ofiered to Plebbins, the best 
things of the kind ever published in this 
CJOuntry, and he refused them, forsooth, 
because! ^ the subjects were revolting.' Aa 
if a publisher could tell whether a thing 
WiUH revi'Iting or noti Then there was 
loy Romance, ^ The Infernal Machine, or. 
the Celestial Coi^urer,' ihui way unsuitecl 
to publication too, because the hero hap- 

Seui'd to be a cannibal, who eventually 
evours the young lady to whom he is 
attached. An idea in it3>elf so ori initial 
tnd stnking that it would bf* the making 
of any t^ook* The fact of it i>, an original 
man ha.^ no chance in the world. 'Tjs 
ojtly your commoti -place scribblers who 

get on. Fellows who write wifthj-washj 
domc,«itic stories, with a pretty girl and 
iroo<l old man in each. Tlu^se tliiu^ sell. 
These go do\^n ; vi bile the man who. like 
mCj labors to produce an artistic and ori- 
ginal work, may starve [ Oh I a cwr&e on 
all publishers,^ VU never write a line 
again as long as I lire \ *' 

So £:aying. Mr, Beltsnnus seized a pen, 
,dipi>ed it in his ink-bottle, and coitiitienced 
a three act oomedj on the p^t 

He had got to a very exciting situation 
in the first act, Mhcn hia hero, having 
dif^guised himscJf in a beaPs skin in order 
to carry out an intrigue, was 6ci?;'.'d by 
thti ke£*i>er of I menagerie and kicked up 
with other wild animals, he not daring to 
di^lose bis identity, for some reason that 
Mynus was just then trying to hit upon, 
when the door of his room opened, and a 
deep bass voice cried, 

** Mister MmusT* 

" Well !*' said Mynns. doggedly. 

**Did Henry the Eighth wear shoe- 

*-No, Rosettes,'* 

" And the toes to his shoes?** 

^^ Brand and round," 

'^Mister Mynus/* and here the door 
was opened wider, and a large, groasy 
faced man, M*iib a three days* bt^aid. en- 
tered. '' Mister Mynus. About that lit- 
tle bill. If you can settle it to-day^ I 
shall be glad, for I am Fhort of moncT^ 
and I must buy tlio stnif for CromwelpR 

^^ I haven't got any money nt all. Mr* 
Isaacs,'^ said Mynus. turning round dea- 
perately^, and facing the dun. "It-s nO 
use coming to me now, Vm writing a 
play for Mr. Tiddler of the Mulberry The- 
atre, and he'« to give me five hmidretl 
dollars for it when it's finished. Pti pay 
you then." 

A sort of keen light glittered in the 
Jew's black eyes, lie knew perfectly 
well that Mynus was telling a lie, but he 
gave no indication whatever of any con- 
sciousness ubout the matter beyond a 
thick, oily grunt, which might be inter^ 
pre ted any way, 

*■ Well Mister Mynus," he said^ "you 
know it's hard for a working man with a 
family to be kept out of bis money, but 
still l^n nn wilting to pres5 you too hanl, 
l*m sure you*d pay if you could. Now 
you iiiigiit do me a seriloe^ sir^ and if you 
wnulil wiiv wc could talk about the rent 
an '* 

' cried Mynos, catching eager- 
ly at this htraw* 

" Why, sir. yon see I'm not much giron 
to walking of lato* Vm (^tting inta Qeshj 


Ward' up. 


•r, mnA it titr* mc. ^tiH I !m ve to niti 
AK#wir 1 err lit d«iil from the^trv U* thritre, 
ftD< ^ h<':\*y liai5 with me to ho\t{ 

ik Vi>^T. .sm I tliought, thnt 

f»n . ' H n ff irt'i 1 1 J cm&n. and if 

jOij irri' the Img — " 

^ P^Htiii^ very red 
in * ''roni hb ehnjr at 

ed Mr, 

In- , iPTfii ^r^vi^ii jtrtr *>n his 

lal! *' X*> oflem'^\ I w*oiildn't 

^s 1 '-1'^ ''»>K T tlioughtymiM 

At -l^jwn to tee 

Mr '>t. lmK(>miii- 

M^ ml iiollare for I he pl«y 

y04j M I Tvc iip doubt, hu-ll 

ivovntmcml mt »ome omb who will <?arry 
UMf Iwf fir mi* '^ 

Mjruti^blti ' t. IfltsiiAca went 

WTpWWh* 1 ftbout the play, 

ud TiiHJirt woulii, uf course, say that h© 
mrwtt bcmrd f>f *;i!ch a uiitii lUi Sly II OS ia 
liii lif^ It vrui very mukward. 

**SUy--«(Uy— d«.ri*t he mj husty, irn 
lii.^ "' ' ■ m<Tvd Bchsariiis, " I didn^t 
1^1 her. I ihitik i f^hauld like 

% lii*,v — %*ery wel). 8e<lentary 

bibit*^ ye*j f my i'h«M wan la 

m^nftkw . ' rv }ir rhri^w hjick his 

iw«U«ni a.^ If h«' to hit mnm 

^mhtklwlhun^wiv. us. ^4S'c no 

dottbc Iktl carrying*— y I) ur bag would Ikj 

**l^orl no, Mr, A tnefe fe*th- 

ir iB a I hk<! inti. Quite an 

ailMfVB) -ly. I'lii gtniv^ to the 

Bo«wgf t vith itfitTR^ Jimior for 

Its' 4ijd if il% ri*>t iHc<»ti* 

fri J r^n come, Thtrv's 

ta^uki iiu fFTuma ih« MXDrs, ttinictiinai| 
mr, j wt 111* thing fi»r ao edioited gent like 

• ril fOy** aiid Mriiufi, faintly, yield ing 
Is tkM frmormief% dc^iiny that scciried to 
fORBs^ him. ** Vll f^D. hinns ; btit — but 
^—tim oe»^tri*t 'Hi \\\v* I aiij.'* 

Vam ' ' hiH little idea of 

FuBft, 1 ^ name wm Dot 

known iK^jfilo %n the world 

ihfmcic * .' hi*; f'!rtitTty di'^cTosed, 

m** ■■■■n« 

tlift ' hiia OLiryuig ft 
co« airt?. 

' ■ *tJ8fte*l 

Vll iu He 

vsUnt to d^i >nrd work of hii 

lKUBii!3tt,» v»<i ,. ,., .V .jrliy r«»uiv«f«] that 
llyaiM, tfom bn^ki^ti tii^ ^lould Ut that 

xj, un hk lidtfj leli thv hu* 

mil in lion keenly. Tie was full of pride, 
llif>u^h without much of cither «?lf*re- 
§i|fC^ct or moral courniri*- lie would lx>r- 
row rnoTM?v of II ^tJinati, or livv ttp^iu ft 
friend without the slijLjhtest compunction, 
y<?t would revolt • pains t the;BUml] so- 
ciid gii^*!it. with nil l\w jndipiatjoti of no 
incofriifitibie ccnlleumn. 

** WclJ," said he, when f-Haiica was gono^ 
''I nitist make the ticst of it, I supixjac, 
I shult learn, fierhapK. Romethmg about 
theatrical ma iter b. and ihnt will lielp my 
phiy» Who knows btit 1 tn ay attract the 
attention of the manager him&elf? He 
mav oiri'T me nn engagement ; I Tnay 
make a hit. Terms one hundred! dollars 
a nipjht. «nd a benefit every week — }\um\ 
1 wbh Belli! WOK here/* 


nut URHT nr titi txjSKJSKd&. 

*^ Well, Be I la h here,'* said a voieo be- 
hind him. while a fantastic looking child 
of about fiintwn stole behind lum^ and 
stack a pen down hin back^ between his 
HhirtH'ollNr and h\^ neck, 

Bella had certjiiuly a >^tiii-M«rntncal 
ippeAnuice. 5?he jnok^ed r . hko 

ft rairy-Qiieen out of eoip 11 er 

gown had once been a celesiial atlair of 
pink giiu£e with g<^Id ^panj^le^ on iL nnd 
had no doubt ascended to heaven in matiy 
ft tftbleaii w ith considerable erTei:!t. But 
IMJW }% wai? lorn^ and sojlud under the 
aruiK, and the gpan^le'i were fallen otT, 
though the g:itminy Fpotii to wbieh they 
had once adhered still rcmamod ; in fchort, 
it waa no longer available for even the 
lowest de^ripiioQ of fairy- Her dirty 
white kid sandnU adde<i smuewhat to her 
di-itrepu table Mptiearanc:*^, and wheii in the 
iupsfnii jif this rurriphnL taw*1^^ r,.i,,| 
siw gleam in j^ one tA • 
mnl miniaiurx' brtKiriii . _ 4- 
ing the iikcnejii* of a bun(U*iu*ts respect- 
ftble looking old gentleman, in a Luflf 
waistcoat antl blue coat one could itefttoe- 
ly get orer the jdea I hut ^he kepi a pawn- 
broker' ft ftljoji, aird ilrci»o«J lu rst If m tlie 
unredeemed ptwds* 

i'hjs iueoiigfruous attire lermin«t*^d at 
the mxk^ and emerjring from thin cliao* 
of ilnery, there rOM^ a izhn V L 

Large, diiip blut\ cxpre*^ive > 
ed and soft by turr: ''■' r, ,,, nril 

imootb, and Mvniii bv a tort 

dor and vtvaaiy ta every motion^ yet 



with sleep seeming b liang: eror npm h<?r 
whilej bci^vy eyeliJi*. su<^h was Bella %s 
ele WHS brt'ubing into the prombe of a 
gbnouii womanhootl. 

** Did l&iuiics was up here just now; 
what did he wtiat ?** demanded Mi^ 

tllft, btlf fieattng herself oti Ihc edge of 
■'tfae smflJl table.' that rocked with her 
weight, ftiid gazing with an air of iiiquisi* 
ti?e boidtie^fis iit Bt^li.'^rius, 

^ Oh ! the usual things" said Mynui j 
*'he <mme for \m rent*" 

•■'And p>i the usual answer. I suppoi^e. 
To wait till Tiesct week ^" and Miss Ik-Ua 
biiri?t into a loud, course fit of laughter, 

*' Hush I shut up, Whftt do yon think 
he hftd the impudcsnoe to propostJ to me ? " 

''How should I know?" 

** Why. to carry hiH httg for hioij when 
he goes io the theatres*" 

** Well, % capiul offer it waa, too. I 
fispposc hcUI give jou something for your 

'^Biu theimhgnity, Bella!" 

'*Psh!iw, What husiness have you to 
arc any dignity, without a cent in your 

** I hare one and threepence." said My- 
nus^ in a touo of mild reproael^ a?; he 
drew from his pocket the remnants of Lis 

"Oh I" cried Bolla, with sudi^en viva- 
city, ''give me sixpence to buy' six- 
penn'orth of China crackers to frighten 
old ]Vrps. Isaacs*" 

^* Independent of the considerations of 
economy, Bellaj" gajd Mynus^ Benten- 
tiously, *^ which in themselvej are solid 
enough to oppoie an impassable barrier 
to your request^ the impropriety of your 
inedit&tcd attuck on your gujirdii*n's wife, 
is sufHcicnt reason for my declining to 
idvnnce the nccesisary funds," 

*■ Bother!-^ said Bella, pettishly spat- 
terinj^ the ink about with th« quill end 
of ii\'nns^i pen ; " old Isaacs ain't my 

^^ Yes he is, for want of a V>ctter. When 
youj a tender ttifftnt. Bella/' said Mynus, 
this lime assuming a pater no-pathetic 
tone — ^'whea you, a tender infant, got 
^C«t in the streets of Bostonf and old 
OS you very profanely call him^ 
licked jou up and took you home, and 
^advertised for your parents in all the 
papers — *' 

'- He did it for tbe rewu-d he thought 
he'd get." interrupted Bella. 

** But he didn't got any reward^ conse- 
.quently he couldn't have done it with 
[that vieWt" answered Mynus, with a ma- 
" itjc TogtCj that plac^ Mm matter beyond 


*' Well. I don't care, any how/* said 
Bella, with a tos=s of her head, " I don't 
like him a bit^ or hiii old wife either. 
And 1 know very well all tliat they want 
■is to make money out of me." 

^^ When do you make your first appear^ 
ance. Bella 7'^ 

** Wh}', Mr. Tiddles has promrsed old 
Isaacs that he'll let m© go into the Dance 
of the Lilies, in the Flower Queen, But 
I don't like ballet. I want to pky in 

''In tragedy, do you 7 it appears to me 
that you're rather anjbttiousj Bella." 

" WelL you miiy laugh as you hke, Jlr, 
Bolisarius, but Vv^ practised ever so 
much, 1 can tell you. A^\i Mrs, Tr^nacs 
if I haven't, I know all Lady Macbeth 

And without a word, she flew into a 
corner c»f the room and bcgnn Lady 5lae- 
beth. It certamly \Km a most extraor- 
dinary performance. Totally uneducated, 
and con^uently quite unable to compre- 
hend, much less to interpret the ptiet'a 
meaning, still there flashed through her 
y^ry ridiculous declamation, something 
of tierce and unconquerable genius. H**r 
voif^ was rich and powerful, and her whole 
fonn seemed to dilate with passion^ as sha 
recited with the moi^t atrodously lioni- 
bastic manner, passage after passage. 
MynuSj who knew nothing of the stage, 
was struckj sjjite of hinvsclfi with this 
glimpse of inar tic u late genius, so to speaks 
*^By Jnpittr I" la' cried, starling up 
enthusiastically', when the girl having fin- 
ished, stood quivering in a corner with de- 
parting passion ; " By Jupiter, Bella, I 
tell you what I'll do ; I'll write n play 
for 3^ou, and j'ou shall come out in it, and 
make both our fortune* 1 '* 

'' Qh I Jeminy , w on't that he splendid 7 " 
shrieked Bella, suddt^nly E^haking olf tlio 
tragedy attitude, and dancing round the 
room like an elfin creature, '' What is it 
going to be ? tragedy, comedy, melodra- 
ma, or what 7 only give me a beautiful 
part, for I want to be murdered and die — 
no, I think I ought to end by being mar- 
ried. And then I must have a h>ver, who 
swears continually that — " 

** Pshaw I '* said >Iynus oontemptuous- 
ly. as he paced up and down the room 
with majestic strides, *' None of your 
common- place forms for me \ I despiso 
conventional rules* I'll not write a com- 
edy or tragedy divided Into acts, and with 
entrances and exit.9| an^l Huch tmah. 
No, I'll have a wiltl — strange — untiarthly, 
inexpljcable, original sort of thing, with 
no nets or Bceni^ry, or charact»Ts, or any 
thing of that kind in it^ but il frhall U 


qC i^irUbc dCbcls. And iineicpoctcd 

, »u4 iW plot «h»Il be unlikt* any 

jth»t WW ever h^furtf i*een or hunrd 

tMi^ Cfh^w (mblighorss how h tnitb of 
^Bokm QUI ri*«e i^>ori« Oi^m nil.** 

* But jrcittll pif* me % um \mrt, Mr, 
Mi^^iu>i,** likiMl^d El- 1 In, Mxitiiii^ aUrtu- 
•I fest m *-- ''- • " T^ I'lroriginnJitys 

*T«i n,. y... i pdrt, Bdla; 

snirt tliatll m&ki^ your hair Btand on 

Poor D^tl% whoxe rich brown trespss 

Ipi^ ^itvl to think 

tl^. Lilure in the 

fm^mAitc^ hut ^.iiu pr^bAhiy made jEotns 
tUofWMiet far the lict'ti^ of n poet 

"It wiU bpa tt^nirnrf' H.*»con- 

tinoad Beltnariizs, gro^^ ^'xcited 

M tlie idea grew dc%ie<u " i ant is^ if 
Ibt nmOj oowan}]j public^ will not ocnn" 
Idba lo muth tb« efforts of the eagle ta 
«v lola ip»^ Vnu will b« cdled be- 
fiif« tbr *--'♦*•" Wla, fiix timei, tmd at 
the lef*^' ^hc »houtH of ^ niitborj 

tQtlior,' ^^ ml *nd tht»n you will 

ImA n» m^rtid^ thi* f^t^g^, knee-deep in 
boQqiwto. Th»t pl&y will run & thotiMiid 
niftfiCi. I t^\ (xmTino^ that it irill, 
IIcIIa, u>d w« Khnt] m«k« loads of motiey* 
I Ml roQ wh»t rit dcK BtftU ; if it »uj3- 
oisdi ni mtrry yon.** 

**T«> tlial-ft ft good idc*," luswered 
Betii p«i»ly. *^ I suppose you'd belter 
MiTf Rm ' if 1 don't f* It iu lovu 

«till«ori m th>^ muiu) tnoc/* 

'^Tlwt wouiu t« impassible," snid My- 
Mb pfwvUjr^ Iftyinf hi» Itcind upon hh 
OUMMcripi, fti n to Okll her aili?]ttioti Co 
Vtm bd 01 lu« bttng t nuin of tran^ieenilent 
^fomm, **jwi'r«» » mM*^* to think of s^uch i» 
ttipf. Po V 1 1 Isancii hjM pit 

Mjiafwr^ ifirt' ^ fipiin^ xml Til 

pt Ca vork tt tmecJ' 

^ntffO md ifici,** iujiwerfd Bell^, as 

^ tlvt Stairtii* iif D<kftth/* tJOntiTiued 
MyiMUt, sulOcxiiitpng, '^ Th^t will do. The 

nmj wvm^ niTtktnfr. OriLniiAL F«<ople 

ftU -itiiK- pin* i- III 1 iniu'c rir nuiy^ 

t tfanikp irlxTc |ji^pl(? weru kitlod ; some 
avtflflMlcom - *— t-tcw Am wny iVs 
■upMtirM; > )^, B«Hft7*^ 

*1f«L'' «uu . ^, pointing with hor 
fm iii» »l«irm. "* But old iMua nys it*8 
Im^ T T r'Mi td pi** 

rul Oh I that infenml b»jr. 
H^ mi Ipnoff out tJi tht broad 

« Ytfl, be is thm0\. m*^ g«t it Mdtr 
packed, and pf^iou;; heavy It 1% Im, 
There*F? jlEI tht? armv in it," 

*' An the Ai-nij 1 '* 

*' Ves ! ftl] liie armj's dothc^i. King 
Brchard's army, you Itnow ; and I nijvcr 
saw mch jufkels," 

^'Mr^Mynua! I'm a wailing (hr you,** 
came rolling up the stairs in old If^aaf^* 
ba^^ voice, **i^tir yoiirsf?lf a littl(% sir.'* 

*' It's that girl tb'at\s kct^pin^*' brm. she's 
ftlway» np thoro.'* chomsc«l a siluill, femi- 
nine voice, belonging to Mm. Isnactiv, a 
lady who seldom made h^*r apijoarnnee in 
any thing less than queenly atim\ At 
the preisent m omenta she bad on an old 
mantle of Anne li«leyn'a, while she stood 
at the bottom of the iftairit, wiLb a sausage 
on the top iif a toas^tnig fork, nhe ha^ng 
evidently intcrrnpted Mi^nc cnhnary task^ 
to fXtnic and Iwllow adcr her ward. 

*' 1 ^ I muBt go." said Mynua^ 
millenly, ** Good*by» Bella, Kwp np 
your spirits for the play. Now ibcn^" he 
conthiu^nl, afi he prfX'et»(lt*d to jom old 
Ihaacit, '^ to bear my huttalialiong hke a 



BtttiiARtcs BdiPiCB, like other great and 
good men, had contracted many littlu 
debts in various places about iht? city, on 
the strength of his dubious conneciion with 
the pre^*i. These liabihlies fr^fpicrttly in- 
t**rFere<l with his promenades of a morning. 
His courHc from pjint tu point often a^ 
somed a £i^-2;ag character, tZiat ec^rtainlr 
prolonged his walk, and inrhKx<d ex^rcise^ 
if it dirl not contribute lo his comfort- 
The motto, or {KipuJir phrastv^ of ^'go 
sihead." waij Lnappticablo to My mis, Im 
^nihWt go ahead. ^ There wtJrr Uyo many 
obi*iucf(.»s in the way, llroadway had 
UJi>ieen barricJMles for him. InvSisiblp ram- 
parts that at certain »ifK>TS arrestini hi» 
progress like mma uf tho eftetiautmenta of 
the tftden time. 

The M 1 3 1 1 ■" ■ ' aire fronted on Broad- 
way, and . Iai^ in hand, and 
ikneying ilmi l\i ly l»<>dy knew win* Im. 
wa^ and wax loiikinj? at him, pronji'nadci' 

alon?: "'"^- ^»'' i ' '■ -shop after! 

shop -L, (I Lid r9*T 

Tcngi.-: ■.-/iintjtu*d|j 

I can tell *^piL 

obsarriatK': ■ r ofi 

0bj(ii:tH nS 

centfv a( tt. . . l i 

bia attention j»^ Juu^hi ma U> k«,)c|i jua iaot^ 



wmtintuny Himnct nwnv from the shop 
fktnr^ ^ras w^omTorrtjl, The KTiitnAlod con* 
ver-i:iri<ii» iTito mlndi b*> wt>ul<l erUer wnth 
Isaacs, \v\wn ht? liehe!i n cn^litor IcKitning 
lip ill the *Ji>lan(?e; tho fiextui-on.^mmiutT 
in \vhjrh hi." vvntiM retire heliind Uie Ff^l* 
wjirt i^t'Csou of that worthy Jew, when 
piissfiiL: nny spt^t of peculiar tknp:erj usw^ 
him as th** hiinlers nm hnff l^fjughs t€i 
eonccnl them frniu iiie wild animiilK they 
are rt^iiiniiitcriDK ; the rftpitlity of hia 
pare in honte pliicc^ ; and the ck^ver aX' 
cuHes by whicii he would irniua? his com- 
pgiiion to cnisis nnd reoross lUi? streut. all 
di^plftyefl a profound stratepHic ability^ 
Bot j^urpasHt-d by I he wny in which Na|K>- 
loon ii\^oi*ied the Uuiiaians in his famous 
retrofit fit>m Moscow. Thanks to thy so 
manueitvres, and the fiiij^ular jjosition he 
occupied an bn|^nan id waiting to Mr* 
Sodur imn li^aacs JlyniL^ reacheil his dea- 
tination in safety, and folio wiug Isaaes, 
soon found himself within the walls of tho 
AlitllK-rry Theatre 

They entered by the fh>nt door, and 
foimd their way into the parqiielte, 
Thenct* stambling down the middle aisk, 
with L-rhoing stt^jfflj they pafifiotl through 
the orche^jtra^ and gtoopin^, ^ijneessed m 
the small door throtigh which th© audi- 
enc*.^ is accustomed to behold the nmsi- 
cians in the iJit^rvalB of performance, pass 
in and oirt^ for the purpose of snatching 
their ha%l/ mug of beer. Once throQj;^li 
this door^ they found themselves under 
the s tape J surrounded by awful fragments 
of nuichiaeryf screws^ ropas and " lifts," 
that in the almoin t impenetrable darkne^^s 
of the plfttre loomed out like the terrible 
appiiratus of some Spanish iniiniiiit^rial 
dungeon* Stdl depemJent on Isaacs' gui- 
4inco. Mynos followed blindly , until after 
giroping aiong, aud ascending a creaking 
iitaircase, hf suddenly emerged upon the 

There was a faint daylight throagh the 
place, A few a«^tors with their parts in 
their liands, wore walking about, mutter- 
ing to them^lves, and in front of the 
Stage, at an awful table coTcred with 
green baize, and surrounded bj theprouip- 
ter^ the stage manager, and the superin- 
tendeni of &^*nery, sat the manager him- 
self I lit^hind him, stretcheil away into 
darkness, the Ijody of the theatre ; dismal 
linen eovers fell blankly over the gilding 
and the velvetj aud a rush of cold air as 
from a tomb, swept continually Btage- 

The manajri^r v^ns m«jwcltng a iw«ne. 
Two i 1 the two balvea 

of a ^ ■ V (brest logwth* 

er, while Eiui>Uit'r wajs t^riiiningin its midst 

a species of antique altan otrt of what 
seemed excessively like painted tea-bo3te& 
The flat«* at the sides of the titage, however, 
being all turned the wrong way, ami rep- 
rej=enting the interior of a ball-room, in- 
terfered Fc>mcwhat with the eflect of the 
wooflland background. 

■^ Now Mrs, Tottj" said the manager, 
in a voice like the crack of a cattle-drirer^a 
wliip^ it was so Kharp and short, ''*we*re 
ready. Arc yoii?^* 

^^ Here, sir?" said a lady in a deep 
thick ¥oioe, from behind the scenes emer- 
ging as hha S|Toke. She was tall and 
stont with fine eyes and a coarse nose, 
atitl had on an exceedingly crushed and 
shabby bonnet, 

^* Now, Mra Tott," said the manager, 
"go on. 4 

'' What!" cried Mr^ Toit, with an in- 
dipiant starts as her eye lit up*m the tea- 
boxes* *' What 1 Mr. Tiddles, you surely 
don't mean to call that thing a haltar ? '* 

Mrs. Tott was a native of England, and 
retained all her national prefudjces | 
amongst otbera that of freetjom of speech, 
and arbitrary ifieas about the |X)^ition of 
her h'n. 

'■ Of course T do^" replied Mr. Tiddler 
*" A Tcry excellent altar. Why ma^nmi 
when I managtKi the Ilavmarket. I'd have 
been proud of i^nch an altar a^ that." 

■' Well, Haymarket or no Haymnrket," 
said Mrs. Tott, ^^ I can't clasp my long 
lost Hangelina to my bosom on a paltry 
herection of that kind. Tve not been 
hncruvtomed to play to sueh propertied 
Mr, Tiddles." 

^' Zoundii ! madam, look here P^ cried 
Tiddles, riiabing indiguantly to the altar, 
and mounting the steps. "' Thertj's room 
enouD;h for an array on it," 

*' Yes — but is it — strong enough 1'* said 
Mra. Tott, hesitatingly. 

" Oh I that's it, is it ?*' said Tiddles, 
whilo a mocking smile stole over the pro- 
perty man's face* * ' Look here Mrs, Tot t,^ ' 
and Tiddles jumped i^eTeral times on the 
platform without indudng any digiclosnro 
of weakness in the structure. '^ Ther«j 
will that satisfy you, ma'ara,'' 

Thus encouraged Mrs. Tott mounted 
the alt^ir^ and addressing ben^elf in a con- 
versational tone to TiddlesL said : 

"And eui it be f Mj night r*f Kifnuw pwt. 

To flhoir 1DJ w»7 ! MfCh9fM\ mj «ti«7tl4 1 o; 

My Icivf loft Hmgelliiii fimntl id haV* 

My nus seemed rniber a-^tonished at tha 
iadillerenofj >^ith wlui.-h Mr**, Toil deliTer* 
e<l hernwlf of this nujiassiDtivd pasfMige, 
bein;^ occupied nearly the whole tituv m 


Etinp of to hOTtmU fttid 

•'Hit perbrmuim of Miti% 51tsh- 

r, wlio in a |zT*r cotton ^nwn 

t itiwiiiUjr pnictuib^ k mfw t^U*^ with* 

wmic, to « dialiuit corii«r of llie 

ml«kiii)v iUdriMaied in an iii'liNtinct 

from om» of the wm\t^ by ^Ir. 

, tbe fiiliin of tlio f>kxxr. wbo hadn't 

fp»^* ■■■ ■ ' "-'■■' ■■■■•■■"^■ 

• tt 13' 

, ittvv^ ....,^..-> ^w) 

hn^ ts who it 

tinleri- rHiK^Msssion 

i*p«m>fi<^ To 

tiBomdail 1^ •■•■■ iti^r- 

of Mr* Iloiii?*, whn wfw* t-ifriMiiereti 

kabl^ hftri<lvLrinr, nmf ihvuy^ kncVF 

{■Ert peifecHy. I - -i ^'n^ in- 

I id rMOftrkab J9 » t ^ ca i rtt> out 

i oodttmiAl itUv4LUi ui jabber^ &nd 

into ibib other in £Ui:h ^n «^tni- 

^ tJbf Cm^ Wll>> |J-n lirhMJML'H ^M lllJ^UIH^Liy 

ibf tliAi ^fviJMJi iTR-s |«jrfw:tiy 

fo tliQ p^Iay wtnit *in. mlcrriij>tfcd 
' IlllVf iSiltiiitr!^ b\ «>»!*:• ijisjiute b*- 
ibi prvftDi^ti^r hiid the artar^, or 
tn<1^ II n the pun of thr mnuii* 
p^lbrftfn Mm.^, Liubf^pcriKiibtf u> 

t ^wt iw tMm iti imnicultkT, a fat ni*ri 

plKjrnl paihciUc faibcr^ Doc&sioDcd 

' Milbdoa bjr UffViir Im.*\u^ reafly 

icdSttI fcr «t»d *hoTi \m d*d i'OiM*?, 
W» itidt>^iiu»t* 

tir it be bad 

L- <...,. LiirtMy b-' ■ - ** -t 
lAthtfttrr. TbaitiW 
, fidgar peuiilc wtr 
t Iff Ml tiirtiiit^ HtriKli* itiijr 

\ tke uublfi" Hirh -tiitrnnv • 


^PWVT l^f^-fffiif thr (iJiry-liV>' forr^f, 

'■i^it tiu-ii.t and 
III he h:nj pit'- 
"ijH iuithuntfr, 

tUair niMiAl r I mid Inr 

^n^mm m fTMi « i<^biig ol khtl' uh be 

hw\ aniidpnfrd, when he \ra*? mtrfwlut-ed 
by tifjimcs to Mr. Tiddle.** lie m-tiiiUly 
summoned up cf>iiraii;i* to proposal? to that 
bijrb nnd itiis:bty jwrsoriuji^iv the produlj^ 
tion of a drama, nf hi^^^ My tint's composi- 
tion^ which propctsitioii the manager at 
first pOf>b'|iooh«l, tbon lislt^nwi to^ md 
flnittlj in ti indeed thiit p(.*r]mp» if the plmy 
was ifood and sidt^^-d to his* eoinjwmy — 
thnt in particu!ar^be might be indsiced to 
undertake it 

" Now r^acs." ^id Sfpiiis, SLS they rft* 
lamed home by a side street — Jfynug 
hnVLDg efTeeteil this by declaring thai the 
noise in Brtmdi*fiy atTtscted hi? head, ^^ now 
Ifianc^ tbe current of my destiny it* on 
the iiivn. It \i%n lieen ebh-'tide a lon«^ wbilo 
with me, Isaacs but it's going to be fjood 
now. Myfortune^sbarkis^retiimin^into 
Ij*>rt^ laden with n frt?i^bt of hupiJines^^ 
^*it^l tlte flui; of triumph flyhig at ber 
beinu But*- coutinne^i he, suddenly for- 
diking the man time irim{r*?ry in wiiich ho 
bad hevn indulging, '^wouH 1 cruali tho§e 
infernal publii^hcr^ when I get rich ! lU) 
be hangecb J^^^ac^ if I da\rt publish ftll 
my ho<jks mvselt Won't thai cut thi*m 

Isaacs thought tbe contingency highly 

'' Then/* continued ^^yutll^, im \m iraa- 
gination wanniMl, * Til L'tiinbhsh an ■«' 
thorns college, where literary men till 
live for nothing wliile they it re writiiif 
their booka, and be no longer drfieuduni 
on brutal Magazine <?ditort» for their sup- 
port, Nalbing. Hir^ ts so degrndiug to the 
true literary man aa to W obhjst^l t** work 
for monyy. It fetters his mUillt^t air| 
and cramji^ hi» iijiaglnatioiu If I wa!> rieh, 
Vd ahow ibu world what writing waa 
and n^iltit'V publisher** to thitr |rro|>cj 

** I wish yon was Heh, dr," reiiponded 
Ti^aaf^f. ** becausi* then you could pay mc 
that htlie bid that— ^* 

' Til fainoi in ma ii ! ■ * »h rieketl My nu% 

ou not iniluee me to aeeeiit tbitt 

iiiig office under promis-c of never 

itiiji^?<aiiu>g llut t)ihuu*s aecouni 7 Am t 

(,, tr-sird you, K'lacK aB a pruiuiise breftkcri 

i»r a man of your w*^|^^ ?" 

-I>MnH fn?t yourwdf al»o«t it, Xfn My- 
mtit, i wa'^uH asking you for it ju>it noWj 
you know, only if ^ver you wa^ to ^1 
rich I ilHMighi— " 

'■ Sa more, no mor^ of thia," »mid 


i .1.. I ffir a mompTit lie 

kiifw uho iKiiild have to pjij tor ibe 
ilntikK, and U%> Jt;wij»b ttpiril n##i*^ up 
agnmat aucb Itiitrtdity ; but ho wm tliii>ty. 




TUo bar-room was invRmgly near — 'twta 
onljr I. ghillmg— so he led the way. 


MvNCs had Bcarcelj reaetied hh homo 
before he commenced hU drama. It was 
determined that Bella sliould privately 
reheiirs^j her part, and tthen all waa flnish- 
ed be introduoed to the manager at the 
mtrm time as the piece. There was an 
old retired ai^trei^s who li^-^ed in a garret 
in Elizabeth strt'et, who*;e servieea were 
called into requisition as instructress to 
the aspirant, and after a few trials of her 
voice and doJiyery, this aexflgGnarian lady 
declared that Bella pos^ses^sed immense dra- 
matic ability. So while My nus wrotOj 
and alteredj and cogitateti, Bella with her 
tutor practised rising and falling inflc^> 
tions— starts of surprise and horror — ex- 
damations of anger and ^ief — effective 
entrances and graceful eiits^in short, all 
those artificial [loints which actors study- 
so intently, and which render the stage 
what it b— the most unnatural of al) the 
mockeries of nature. 

The play and Belli were ftni.^^hed. The 
former, as Mynus himself said, had trans- 
(x^ndod all his former eflbrts, and would^ 
doubt I eH!;^ en wreathe his temples with un- 
fiidiug iriory. He had as the play pro- 
gressed been obliged to alter his original 
title, and its outer corer now presented 
tliese words, engrossed in a bad but ela* 
borate imitation of German text. 





nELIBA.1t[Trft MTXrSt 

Mv^nns wiLs a proud man as tho finish- 
iog stroke vttiH put to those seventy odd 
leaves of manuscript, lie read it to 
Bella, and Bella read it to him^ untd the 
text of her part (the Maiden) grew so 
familiar to her that she used it in prirata 
conversation. He read it to old Isaai^, 
nay, even repeated it to him as he went 
along the streets with him, bag in hand. 
He read it to Mrs* Isaacs^ while that lady 
made toa'^t on the point of a Highland 
claymore, which weapon, since Scotch 
dramas had gone out of fashion, was no 
loiv^er useful as a property* He read It to 
Mrs, (lunch, ih^ decay ec! actresss who liad 
taught Bella, and once or twi^c the wild 
idtu crossed lit^ mind of rt-ading it tt> one 
or two of his most obdurate creditor^j^ in 
the hopo that such ti dinplay of gemim 

would entirely soften their hearts, and 
enable hini to promenade Broadway once 
more in peace. But the sujrgej^tionj al' 
though brilliant seemed Vain, and he 
still stole down the »ide utreets, and 
watched the comers as of old. 

The Rubicon was passed* The play was 
read to the manager* BeHa was eathibiteil 
to him in her character of the fiiaidenj 
and that autocratic functionary had a1> 
stiltitely declared bis intention of bringing 
them ho til out. It is needless to say with 
what joy Mynus beheld on a yellow pla- 
cai^l one morning*- a line at the bottom of 
the announcement of the evening's enter- 
tainments at the Mulberry Theatre, stat- 
ing that ''a new and origit»al drama, 
written expressly for this theatre, with 
new scenery, dresses aJ>J effects, was in 
preparation and would be shortly pro- 
duced," Even the ca^iuvuer warmed 
into enthusiasm as he saw this, and said 
to Mynu% feelingly^ with the tears roll- 
ing down his puJfy Jewish cheeks, ** I 
tell you what, Mr. Mynus," said he, "it 
will be a f^at day for me when I sec 
that girl there come out m an actress on 
her own hook. I never thought, sir, 
when I picked her up one night a crying 
like any thing in the street, with nolhini^ 
oa her but a little thin silk dress and that 
big brrjoch there, that §he'd come to any 
thJuK half so good. And when I brought 
her home to Mrs* Isaacs, and when I ad- 
vertised Tir a monthj sir, for her parent^ 
and when no one came to look after her, 
didn^t I get a rubbing down from the 
old woman for my humanity. But it^s 
all for the best, sir, and an approving 
eonscieoce is e:!ccellent interest upon one's 
capital ; " and Mr* Isaacs, quite overcome 
with the rteoUection of his own 1>enevo- 
lence, and the domestic Bulfenngs be en* 
countered, on acxx^unt of it^ wept plen- 
tifully into a linen pocket-hamikerchief 
which had once been part of the vestmeuU 
of a Pries teRB of the Sun, 

As for Bella, she was wild with delight 
ller daily journeys to rehear?ial were to 
ber travels into Fairyland. The ability 
which she so strikingly displayed in even 
her cruile^l performances struck the nia- 
nager with wonder j and m she wa*^ qtiite 
shrcvvd enough to imderstand her own 
value* her spirits rose in proportion as she 
gained eonlidence m herself* She and 
^iynus had great times of it — be sitting 
on the glDoray stage, seeing her perform 
his crealiim of l\m Maiden, And wh<:n 
she c^ime to Ibe sc^^ne where '^^' ■^ nd.SMi^* 
turns ovuft wdh thr Matdwn ■ 
its slippery surfiio<?. and he s.'ii^ , i 

look of liopelesa vg^uy which tboisc iargu 




dtfk vym fif bers «^ up to heaveo, la 
the went Uiroiufh Uie aU«;^ busitic*^!^ on « 
btft ImtsI di4t rcpiTsciited the ioeber^g 
ttt pt«|mn.tm7 fchearsiil-i;^ hd coitld t)Qt 
l^ fbefioj; thai IbLH yonui^ girl «'&!» du^ 
tiwd lo achkve a brilliAut fitiocejui^ in 
nMck bt loa fbcmlfl ih&re. Then tlief 
^pwU uJk cTUTi'Iv over th«ir praspectSj 
•od L d thut they were to 

mmrn • ir^U^Ua usAcnting 

oIoiiT fat» *U iLfitLfiifemniis, and Mjnus 
bJiiflp til worU of txtnrttfpuit hopcM, 
ttd every ilsj tuiuhhng mofO «ud tuoru 

night carac, AUflTcr 
Isi bliotxl v^itb hug© 
tikm^ *n ia"5 n«w drmtnik. MyiiiiHp 
ib m ed «id aajEkmA, stole o^it through 
iSm Urm^ tnd Wis nmriir tired of rendmg 
tboi. il» eto|*p«J it «¥«ry dornur iiti>l 
nad llw la^igit iimouiloeiii«Dtft, mnd vr^'iit 
liioevirrlMr^fOOiDftlid peniHi-d theAmall 
MIkwiia tlM MtXM l^li and unvnryiT^g 
igltftfL fir hovvn?U aboul the Thealro, 
l^ffff* it wu ft hitHy lime. Thu ^ceno 
pWv WM fiQlting m his list t9iiche» to 
b ICTMI torac The nmni^r wis show* 
h$ tke afpenterfl Iht^ ord<*r in wh^ch eic^ 
^HiK dicmtil eonio, jtTid Icochtitg thv ac- 
Ini Iha^ ^ And positions in the 

pHMl trnbl* whirh the iw:tfl Cer- 

mtm^H: aiui Hidif to e^ery 

bedfe*' bontMNL- b«re, eiijohn^^ 

Ili9»i imtrqciitiji^ v i ^i ^ «' Utspt^ and i'vcry 
anw aad Citsa hauled up hy mmt: cantjin* 
to^Si ■e<iir,whci fiiticied li^^ ni^r Jir| i^ot 
§■1 IttOL mi who rvviinr i by 

gliiiil ftli tlM troable he ^ '^ nus 

WM ttochftockofed by the jject 

J» owe with. People di'i \n to 

tbil be W&9 the grvni Miitbor 
► tui'4 «^W mii^ <'xi^^4'nce the piwe 
H wf^ ' Mrnt cnp^^ ; 

mt^ ' ly iu get out df 

Ikiw. ndd not h^Uni 

^ hk inutibed him, 

•fia I * Vnther 

hvi ^' lion 

bwBliifaUy. II a to 

eiwlar aw*^ i/ tn 


ai«pniMnit by v^ < ople 

» tlws htlh at ! tv'on* 

: wb^ I iiii' new 


U at 

pew mf Ud- ' 

i)k Ifthi'y 
. ^ liiokinf^ dt 
i much nlxiui 

W U' LT vr H WiJUHl 

l>'-lLr.-r lO 

Wbns th« ciirt^n, or bow Crom ft 

private box. Tho Ifttler he eMlevmiHl tho 

pr«ferttble coiirise on two jw-eutinta, Flret, 
It wasi more diirnrtlcd, Si^mndly^ beeoula 
mana^, with li^&acs* ns«iiNt:inc!t% to ^H np 
a tolerable buKt— tiiat is to may, he could, 
out of the projieitieii in that p^ntttman's 
pOflaessioQ, ootnRuind a decertt evening 
coat and waistcoat* But in trousers and 
boots the wt^rthy Jew was limited, and 
thowj portions of Mynuw's own ature were 
quite impmcticabk. By nkilful manage- 
uient in a private box. bott^ever^ he coSd 
pFei^»nt an elaboratt* bii«?t to the publiC) 
efleetnally cf>iK:^-alin«r any dcfidendea 
which might otherwise he observable in 
his own lowpf exta^initie.^ And m the 
tiioi> pujiHtd m fuvered and aniebus 
tho light niitd the hour for performance. 

The house was fiUL [or it was Sitturtlay 
night, and in jmrquettc and dres.^ drcle 
tnighl U^ «fen a plentiful sprinkling of 
black eycii and heavy lips, fur^jfa]! [»*^jplo 
the Jews retain the stron]2:i*st lov© of 
spectacle, and on ibeir Sabbath the the- 
atrical treWnrics are the In? tier for theuu 
To-night unusual attr»iHJon^H drew to- 
gether an unusually largv; audience. A 
new piece and a new aelrc^i^ are stddom 
brouirht the same evening on the Ixmrds ; 
and by the time that the ori^hifJiitra bad 
struck up the Co[»cnhageTt Walt^, which 
it playtKl alx nights in the week m the 
thfj^iitriv and on Sunday» at a German 
concert, there wari not avacant seat in the 

Mynus aUcmated between the mana- 
gtT's box and behind the Mcenes* From 
tljL* fofTiier he watched anxiously the ejc- 
prcsHion of the audience, hopinjj; to discern 
if th t?y were in gocjd humor, while behind 
the hcenes ho went from actor to actor, 
earnestly tntixsatiog them not to forget 
certain jjoints which he had impre^^Mi^l 
upon tht'ir niemory* and on which tho fate 
of the play abtiolut^Ky detJuDdefl* To 
lldh he licai^'ly darecl ^m Jk^ she looked 
so splendid m her oostuiiMa aa tbe Maiden, 
which, intended m it wiui fbr a ipoyage m 
the Arctic tx'gton^ struck one as Inappro- 
priately alight ; unle$«« indeed, a pr^ifu^iion 
of spangJc« and artificial floweri were 
eaterelgn again/it cold. 

The beir ranj?, tbo orchi^tra raced 
tbrongb the la^^t fdw l>afs they were play- 
ing, the curtain rose, tbe munnur uf|><!ot>Ie 
Bcltlins: theniiR'lvus in their m?atA. Jilii^d 
tho b^ni^] and the play began. Mynus 
fbced h\% eye on tho th<.'arriml critic of 
the New York Daily Cockdmferj who sat 
oppt^Hih*. ii<;j would have pwn worldi 
tJi havo l»*vn abk* to alt n*'Xt that man, 
auil tUttur biitt for an hour and a halt 
But the play wtmt on. Evtry now and 




then as a new ^ceno mude its flppenmnce 
there wrould n>ll do^n the hoiij^ a salvo 
of applause, but as 3'et the drama ib^elf 
did not come in for much, A faint laugh^ 
drawn out by the funny man's putting 
hii hoftd through & pane i>f (^lass, and j?ay- 
ing that it sared him a hain^resscr, and a 
s!i|^bt Indication of hystencal alTwtion on 
the part of a young Jewish lady in the 
boxes, when the vilkin was preparing to 
blow np the twenty-one decker, in which 
the heroine wai? aJjout to safL vrere all 
that as yet arrived to con Hole Mynus* 
But he was patient, TSetJo, m the 
Staiden, had n'j>t uppeart*d yet. The 
audience was waiting for her, WhsivBhe 
<^me^ then wouldti't il go 7 

The Maiden came. In the ioene of 
"lurid devasttttron" {qtmtation from 
bills), with which the second act opened, 
she bounded on the stage, in her spangles 
atjd Wowers and little satin shoes, and the 
huge brooch, containing the portrait of 
the elderly gentleman in a blue ooat^ with 
which she never parted, blazing on ber 
bOi5om. She stopj^ied, half panting as she 
entered, and tum<Mi toward the audience* 
She certainly looked lovely in that mo- 
ment Her face, pa!e but luminous as it 
w*sre wfth the binghtness of those glorious 
eyes of hers, turned half upwards with a 
sort of mingled fear and wonder. Her 
lightj graceful figure poised on one «matl 
foot, and her hands crossed abovo her 
bosom, as if to still the beating of her 
heart, while one of those instinetive tributes 
which an audience sometimes pa3's almost 
involuntiirily, greeted her after the first 
pau^'. From gallerj', parquctte, and dress 
circle, round aftit round followed, until 
the very house shook. This sec mod to 
encourage her» for she rose to her full 
heighL and her countenance relapsed once 
mo lie into that careless, half-tlvflnnt e,t- 
prci^^ion she was accustomed to wear. 
Then the play went on» She threw as- 
lonishinj power into the stilted and bom- 
bastic language a,=!ijigned to her. lier 
whole frame seemed to quiver with emo* 
tion, and hor action, though sudden and 
startling, as if the very burst of impure, 
was griiceful in the highes^t degree. The 
audience felt at once that the g^irl was ono 
of those rare genutscs that in dramatie 
auTials Htand out in bright relief against 
tht* hosts of stilted performers that the 
worM has been forced to praise, him ply 
becatise they bad no better. Bella car- 
Tie<i a way the applause of tlje jiiL'ce. Alt 
lier j>ofnts were marked with tlint appre* 
ciiitive murmur so dear tu the artist. She 
^as mat<kig a great *uccvh». But it ap- 
red to Mjnus that the play was not 

going on Tcry well Every scene that 
Bella was not in passed unnoticed. Tbo 
choice bitsJ of the drama did not awake a 
single response from the audience. The 
funny man said funny things^ and the 
villain communicated his black designs 
through a pair of black moustaches, in 
Tftin. The manager looked darkly at 
Mynus. 3fynus looked at the critic of 
the Daily Cockchafer. Tliat gentleman 
looked as solemn as the day of judgment. 
Unutterable ccmdemnation i?ecmed to 
hover on hia frowning brow* Columns of 
terrible rebuke seemed to be quiekeninf^ 
into life in that judicial brain. Myniis^i 
heart began to sink a little, and he, by 
way of comforting himself^ essayed a joke 
with the manager, who was blacken ing 
by degrees^ like a thunder cloud, in the 
back of the box. The prompt niiymcr 
in which that person supprcsst^'l hi^ bud- 
ding jocularity^ deterred him from any 
further effort to keep up apijeji ranees, 
and he accordingly allowed himself to 
look as wretchedly as be felt. 

It was now towardfl the close of tb© 
last act, and Mynus, who was staring va- 
cantly into the stage box opposite, tho 
only vacant one in the bouM\ and vnm- 
dering why it had not been taken, sud- 
denly lieard the d^ior ot^en^ and by tho 
waving of the curtains it was evident that 
a party had arrived* Mynus tlmught with 
just indignation that they need nut have 
been so late. 

Bella was not on tbe stage) she did not 
come on again till the rcry end of llio 
last fccene, where she fiave» hui" Esqiii- 
maui lover from the deadly gnif^p of a 
white bear, and the curtain fall^ on a 
weddin^^ feast in a Grtenland Tillai.*o, 
The play went on ; the liear attj^cked tho 
Esquimaux lover ; Bella bouuilud In to 
the rescue. She had Ecarcely appeared 
when the curtains of the box ihat Mynua 
had been picviousl}" \i"atching, bi*caine vi- 
olently agitated, and lio mw a largo ivory 
lorgnette thru&t eagerly forward as if 
some one leaned over tv get a be ttcr vievr. 
One or two profiles ajjpeared too at t he Imck 
of the boK, anxiously watt^hing the i^lagv. 
Some great commotion w».k eviilenUy ckj- 
currrug there. The play went on to ita 
clost^. Tho Mttuggle with the btar waij 
own Bella, with incredible pre^encv of 
mind, hnd };iTen it a fish hone to swal' 
low, wiiii'h, sticking in its thront, causetl 
its immediate sutToeat'tonj and a he now 
nested in the arms of h+.'r es ban?? tod 
lover, Ttir K-iiiiniaux Til lagers flock^jd 
h^ and : WJ>ual ittUvau ; but 

as the cii r 'tided a w brill cry was 

liuard Uiat «cbu^ through the rDtiit) 






Itfon. Tb€ «iirUmi of the 6ta^ box 
wmm diwm Tiolcntly - - » r, md &ii 
iM f^tligmmi ii{*(k -gtiug in 

fiffl&llj Cl' ' :: on 

IJbf^^pt. j.ctid 

•St lyk kftti iipd 

rfMlUing tki* > . :ra§p 

Wf rrvfi Al tiuti tliRiMiee. The audi- 

awtio ibought t\m was roeriely ati 
liun of some old vtidmsmsi, beg&n 
4ii bois^; but ific njoTneut the curtain 
Ml, tba fipotl4:^m%ii who hjid cauaod all 
^Um irxciumL-iit wiMi dmwii bfick iiiU> tJie 
ba£. T ncMi closed 4nd moved Eo 

■*f«. >^ II trctncnfious call fur 

th« lf*i'»i^ "^ loiis from the ^- 

kfj, IKMCir occst. But, Birmng« 

l» «i^, t& ;^.. ...... iid Dot mum. The 

^pratf bcftMM<d^ Mad ft f«iir h]9««i bma 
i» bf licwrii 51* nil* If re?? imjiRticnt Wo 
giK tmlM f' ur, nor vtould ther, 

MatfyKii. . }uid brouirbt Ikila 

Mif« ill* csuriun, m ninld a perfect 
flirai of rsfM aod iv^hijitltng^ he lafl the 
fen lad veai bttbiad thi? sceBes. 


' " " ^tr. Chiitt7" e&id 
:LJin, whcim ho tnct 

- Unbind otM? of the 
ill ? \\w \ik'K}\f\& are 
E ( < itunij- out.'* 

Huld iVfr, 

I i no ftp- 

i \ iigf Atiii, of courae, 

Mr. Ghfttt; 

• t, CI>Ut«ID0tk|* i 1 u ticurd nothuig 

; 1 mo*! ttdVni;iJ row in the gal- 

What thi^ tUuco d«» yon mean?*' 

'Wb/ it itTPtn* tint Korae old (^tnilc- 

I in U>e hoxc% aaw » bru^Jcb orj tkdla 

[ lit rpooipuiedf aiwl be* c^ine rtinhiti^ 

Ia b«« afkr tbi* ilciv ua^ qtct, aeking 

cmat he B»w 

iiniiK, aiid af- 

! her 

ttWut it. But 



iif bis clij2d, ai 

tif «aeor t«u<j 

^illMllll Ai «-! 

ttd t&ai'« aU I 

*G<K4l Godt hut the nuno^-^iid yoq 

-Yea* Jlr. Efaivt ^ ^ * jy rich 

M, thi7 laj. tktt Sib Av^*^ 

■M. aai! tiaa cami|^ au j mm loaU Bob 
M 9 kKkj i(>H to liaTo found ludi ft 

father. But I say won't Mrs, Guncli be 
glad DOW tbftt the pirr^ gone ? She was 
as jealous of her a^ a pile of bric;kii." 

And with thiii appropriate f^imije, Mr, 
Chat I Sttuatored off to congi'iituialc Mrs, 

Mynus fioemed in a drtiim. Bdlo ; hia 
Bella, suddenly *rajjsfr>nuwi into a young 
ludyl why it wiia like a iv|:ulnr |«l»y, 
li^! necolli*cli'^cl now the etnry of her hav- 
ing bwn picWlhI lip in lbt?'HtiVft6, with 
nothing definite aWut her but this very 
brooch, and with his brain in a whirl ho 
liurritMl \m:k Ui tiis box, in order to pr&* 
6cnl iilnistdf in ease ho wii« ciiilt?d on to 
appear. lit* found the managiT hi «i 
eveniiiir suit before* the cnrfaln, holding 
his hjit eJcs^Jintly l>ef#n*e him* while h« 
was cxplaniin| in be{irt*ri-fidin|: tones of 
sorrow, ho^v impissible it wjwj fur B^*U» 
to apj^Ktar t^efore Ihcm^ owin^ to a s!jd- 
den attack of illne.*s. ** Tbeyni luik for 
mtij now,** ihongbt Mynu^, and \m heart 
biKit at the eug*?e-«tion. But they didn't. 
They took their hats and doaks aud bon- 
ne ta, and poured out of tlie theatre* And 
the jpuilightft went out ona by one, aud 
the two old women commenced liai>j;in(r 
the linen over tbe velvet m\<{ gilding o? 
the boxes, and the thc^atre wus nearly in 
darkness before Myunu could renliie tlic 
fact tliat his play fiad bvseu damiii>d, 

lie met the nti&ntip.T a^ he was ^y\\\g 
out ; and 4);^ a tuht hope Mked when the 
play would he rep«^ated. 

*' Repeat that plaj^ pir j " critjd Tiddler 
10 a MOiix of thunder. '' lleiityil sueh v,lM\f 
ai that t Cnteh me »t it, tliut's ail. IL%iig 

Jour play, .Mr. Mjnus. Mang it, 1 «ay. 
t cost me toads of moneys and I diiren^t 
run it a see^jnd niphL Then th< Tt*B tliat 
prirL I uiL^bt have made sutne thing of 
her. But &be'a carried otf Wfore mj 
eyeia* Hang tht? pby^ &ir. It's been * 
misfortune to m^, 

*^Mr* Tlddb*." Baid Mr* Mynua with 
dignity—** your langungi^ is loat^me^ I 
will make yon rejicnt of it, sir, b^foro 
kmg^. V\\ anjiLnh y*'- -^^ ' *^ -md he walk- 
ed into the Htptet, iis did think 
that he would in;ik npent, and 
that he would ^inash lum \ fr>r Inj vtm 
full at \\w niouientot the wi I drat dreams 
M ' not ftle^'p much thut nighti 
n<- ■} felt no (vjrret *t the fnr lure 
of hifi (j]iiy, lie hail other vie w^. Views 
of labuiouii splendor, Bella hntl fouiid by 
a eiiiir^ultif eliutk^*, a rich fatherf Bella 
would l»e wealthy, Bella waH In love 
with him* Bella wt ' ' i uj^ 
They wouJd Jivu in the I nj 
|iatmm3(;e the Colinnjio, vi,itMM itn a- ilia 
rival of Tiddlea^ thratn»j and towirdA 




d^fl^mk he domi off, forming schemes 
of TeDgCAnoe igftinst a ccrtdn publif^tier. 

The next morning, in purtm&oce of hts 
plan, he rose early, and found out by the 
dircctoty in the next apothe<*ary'i shop, 
Mr. B^^r^dott^s address in Fifth ATenue. 
Then having a^lomed himself to the ut- 
most of his ability, he poBted oflf to Bel- 
la's new ^esidencc^ It was tnily a ^ten- 
did mansion. Built of brown stone of & 
rich, sober hue, and flniiked t^ith con- 
servatories, and stables that did not 
Iciok like stables, so highly were they 
omamdnted^ it looked inore like a pa- 
lace, thsn the restdeuftj of ft shnple citi- 
zen. Mynti.'? could not make up hts mind 
to enter, but thought he tvould walk up 
and down outside, and wait until he saw 
Bella at one of tlie windows. It was a 
flue fiprinjr da)' ; the sun shone warmly, 
and ti host of bn II iantly dressed people 
issiued fbrth rmm their houses, on their 
W&Y to church, Mynus thought to bim- 
selL that the day would soon arrive whun 
he would be as (ray as the gayest among 
them. Presently Mr, Bmn don's door 
oftened, and a lady and gen tk man came 
aut» Jn the former. Mynus at the firi^t 
glance reoogniT^i Bella ; but how chang- 
ed. In the short interval between her 
aMuction from the theatre and the p reg- 
ent moment, she had obtained by some 
means, inscrutable to poor people, an ex- 
quisite spring dress. Quiet in tone, but 
of the softest and most delicate materials* 
And m well did she wear it^ so firmly did 
she step, that one could scarcely belicTo 
this lashionable looking girl^ waathe little 
ftClrfKin, who, the nipjht before^ played the 
Maiden of the Polar Seas, She wore the 
brooch still on her bosom ; and in the 
fine looking old gent Jem an on whose arm 
she leaned^ Mjnus recognized the origi- 
nal of the miniature. 

They came tovvards him. He stepped 
half forward, with a beating heart, and a 
well conned congratuLition ou his lips, 
Ht*r silk dress almost brushed his thread- 
hure trousers, &s with cold, exprei^slonless 
e^es. Khe swept by. as if be had been aa 
utter stranger. For a momenta Mynus 
was staggertjd; but then his spirit rose 
indignantly at the fnj«i?stice he was near 
doing his defir Bella. 8 he did not .see him. 
T\w .sun wa.s in her cyeiS, She was daz- 
SEJed, ant I sis ht^ Aid not speak, she passed 
hiin unwitiiiiglv. It must he so, lie 
would try a^aiu. So crossing to the oppo- 
site sid« of tile wt%y^ he ran a few blocks, 
crossed M|fatn, and stationed htmi^elf right 
in her pMth. 4 In ^hu came, with upright 
head, firm step, and level eyes. She passed 
imuoticed, his outstretched hand| she 

passed imnotlccsd, his plain tire " Bella, 
don't you know me ; "^ she passed him, as 
if he had never existed, and so on into 
God's temple, where she listened to the 
preaching of chanty to all mankind. 

Poor Mynua could doubt no longrr. Ho 
leane<l agamst a wail upon which the bright 
sunlight was falling, and while group af- 
ter group of gayly dressed people passed, 
he wept silently over the ruin of his 
dreams. He had loved her so mueh* He 
WAS so wilting to share with her the sun- 
shine of his own lifCs whenever ii shone 
for him. He had hoped so much from 
her. that it was very hard that she should 
forget him GO completely in her prosperity. 
He would never put fiiiih in woman again- 

Ho went slowly home to his garret. 
The first thing he saw on his table was a 
slip of paper on wliich was written, 

Mr. S, M^nut, 
For value received^ * $£0 27 

Poor MynuB shook \m head hopelessly. 
All his dreams had vanished, and this re- 
ality alone remained. He saw no way out 
of it Just at this climax of his desjiiiir, a 
voice which he recognized as that of Mrs. 
Isaacs said outside his door, ** Mr My- 
uus 1 A letter for you, sir,'' 

'*A letter for me?^' cried Mynus, a^ 
tonished. For his correspondence was 
limited, having neither friends nor acquain- 
tances, " Oh I 'tis from that scoundrgl 
Tiddles, I suppose." 

He took the letter and opened it A 
long slip of paper was wrapped around a 
small note. The slip of paper was a check 
for a hundred dollars. The note contain- 
ed the following words. 

"Miss Brandon I'egrets that her aecjuain- 
tanoe with Mr. Mynus lorminate. 
He has, howeverj her best wishes, and she 
trusts thst the inclosed^ will be of some 

A red spot glowed for an instant on 
My nus'g cheek. To recei ve al ms from her, 
who — the check was half crushed in his 
hand by the impulse, when his eye fell 
on the little account which lay on the ta- 
ble. He checked himsself. The reader 
will no doubt think 3!ynus excessively 
mean; but perhaps if the reader were in 
Mynus^scircum^tamsoj he would have done 
what he did, that is. put t!ie cIxTk in his 
pocket, and burn the note, An«l lhu<* Mn 
Isiwics was paid his bill, and for three 
wefks> Mynu:* lived like a getitJcinAiw 
nttermg aii;irhemii>i in Ins cup^ agaiUKl 
pubhiilieni and e<litors, m which he uowr 
%\m included managers and women* 

1864.1 JETymit to Air. 63 

Ai for Bellm, she is at present the or- she declaimed the Polar Maiden, in his 

HBent of a faitt set of young ladies in garret. lie sighs all the more heavily, 

JSiwm York. She goes to the watering poor fellow, because the. hundred dollars 

.and has an enormous bill at Ma- has been long since spent, and Belisarius 

errero's erery year. Mynus some- once more holds out his hand for the 

her, driving by in her carriage, obolum^ and is still hard up. 


ad flgfas as he thinks of the time when 


THE mightiest thou, among the Powers of Earth, 
The viewless Agent of the unseen God, 
What immemorial era saw thy birth ? 

What pathless fields of new Creation trod 
Thy noiseless feet ? Where was thy dwelling-place 
In the blind realm of Chaos, ere the word 
Of Sovereign Order by the stars was heard, 
Or the young planet knew her Maker's face ? 
No wrecks are hid in thine unfathomed sea ; 

Thy crystal tablets no inscription bear ; 
The awful Infinite is shrined in thee, 
Immeasurable Air ! 


Thou art the Soul wherein the Earth renews 
The nobler life, that heals her primal scars ; 

Thine is the mantle of all-glorious hues. 

Which makes her beautiful among the stars ; 

Tliine is the essence that mforms her frame 
With manifold existence, thine the wing 
From ^\U of outer darkness sheltering, 

And from the Sun's uplifted sword of fiame. 

She sleeps in thy protection, lives in thee ; 

Thou mak'st the foreheads of her mountains smile ; 

His heart to thine, the all-surrounding Sea 
Spreads thy blue drapery o'er his cradled isle. 

Thou art the breath of Nature, and the tongue 
Unto her dumb material being granted, 
And by thy voice her sorrowing psalms are chanted— 
Her hymns of triumph sung 1 

Thine azure fountains nourish all that lives : 
Forever draiuwl, yet ever brimming o'er, 
Their billows in eternal freshness jxmr, 

And from her choicest treasury Nature gives 

A glad repayment of the debt she owes. 
Replenishing thy soun-cs : — balmy dews, 
That on thy breast their summer tears diffuse ; 

Strength from the pine, and sweetness from the rose ; 

The spice of gorgeous lud, the scents that fill 
Ambrosial forests in the isles of palm ; 

Leagues of perennial bloom on every hill ; 
Lily and lotus in the waters calm ; 

And where the torrent leaps to take thy wing. 
But dashes out its life in diamond spray, 

4i Symn to Air, [July 

Or multitudinous waves of ocean fling 

Their briny strength along thy rapid way — 

Escapes some virtue, which from thee they hold : 
And even the grosser exhalations, fed 
From Earth's decay, Time's crowded chamel-bed, 

Fused in thy vast alembic, turn to gold. 

Man is thy nursling, universal Air ! 

No kinder parent fosters him. than thou : 
How soft thy iingers dally with his hair I 

How sweet their pressure on his fevered brow I 
In the dark lanes where squalid Misery dweUs, 

Where the fresh glories of existence shun 
The childhood nurtured in the city's hells. 

And eyes that never saw the morning sun. 
Pale checks for thee are pining, heavy sighs 
Drawn from the depth of weary hearts, arise — 
The flower of Life is withered on its stem, 

And the black shade the loathsome walls inclose 

Day after day more drear and stifling grows, 
Till Heaven itself seems forfeited, to them I 
What marvel, then, as from a fevered dream 

The dying wakes, to feel his forehead fanned 
By thy celestial freshness, he should deem 

The death-sweat dried beneath an angel's hand ? 
That tokens of the violet-sprinkled sod. 

Breathed like a blessing o'er his closing eyes, 

Should promise him the peace of Paradise — 
The pardon of his God ! 

What is the scenery of Earth to thine ? 

Here, all is flxed in everlasting shapes, 
But where the realms of gorgeous Cloudland shine, 

There stretch afar thy sun-illumined capes, * 
Embaying reaches of the amber seas 

X)f simset, on whose tranquil bosom lie 

The happy islands of the upper sky. 
The halcyon shores of thine Atlantides. 
Anon the airy headlands change, and drift 

Into sublimer forms, that slowly -heave 

Their toppling masses up the front of eve, 
Crag heaped on crag, with n.any a fiery rift. 
And hoary summits, throned beyond the reach 

Of Alp or Caucasus: again they change. 

And down the vast, interminable range 
Of towers and palaces, transcending each 
The workmanship of Fable-Land, we see 

The " crystal hyaline " of Heaven's own floor— 
The radiance of the far Eternity 
Reflected on thy shore ! 


To the pure calm of thy cerulean deeps 

The jar of earth-born tumult cannot climb ; 
There ancient Silence her dominion keeps, 

Beyond the nairow boundaries of Time. 
The taint of Sin, the vapors of the world, 

The smokes of godless Altars, hang below, 
Staining thy marge^ bat not a cloudis carled 

Where those sapmal tides of ether flow; 

1854.1 Acn>9» the Stand. 05 

What Tistis ope from those serener plains ! 

What dawning splendors touch thine azarc towers ! 

When some fair soul, whose path on Earth was ours, 
The starry freedom of its wing regains, 
Shall it not linger for a moment there, 

One last divine regret to Earth returning, — 

One look, where Light ineffable is burning 
In Heaven's immortal air ! 


Thine are the treasuries of Ilail and Snow ; 

Thj hand lets fall the Thunder's bolt of fire, 
And when from out thy seething caldrons blow 

The vapors of the whirlwind, spire on spire 
lu terrible convolution wreathed and blent^ 

The unimagined strength that lay concealed ■ 

Within thy quiet bosom, is revealed 
To the racked Earth and trembling firmament. 
And thou dost hold, awaiting God's degree, 

The ke3r8 of all destruction : — in that hour 

When the Almighty Wrath shall loose thy power. 
Before thy breath shall disappear the sea. 
To ashes turn the mountain's mighty frame. 

And as the seven-fold fervors wider roll, 

Thou, self-consuming, shrivel as a scroll, 
And wrap the world in one wide pall of flame ! 


A GOOD long hour, so tells my watch, 
Have I b«5n trying, love, to write ; 
And yet I have not made a line, 

Nor do I think I can to-night, — 
Unless indeed these simple wonls 
Do set themselves to easy chords. 

Between us lies a little stand, 

Some blotted paper, pens, and ink ; 

We are so near our hands will meet, 
Our lips will almost touch, I think ; 

I told ^ou so ! but pray remain, 

And kiss me o'er and o'er again. 


And now the hours may come or go ; 

I will no longer heed their flight: 
Your kisses, dear, are more than songs, 

Nor will 1 pen a word to-night ; 
What care I ror a deathless name ? 
A lore like oan is moro than Fame ( 






"yilE traveller who at the present day is 
* content to travel in the good old 
Asiatic style, neither rushed along by a 
lo'V,inotive. nor dragged by a stage-coach ; 
who is willing to enjoy hospitalities at 
f:ir-sc:ittered farmhouses, instead of pay- 
ing his bill at an inn ; who is not to be 
frijrh toned by an}' amount of loneliness, 
or to be deterred by the roughest roads 
or the highest hills ; such a traveller in 
the eastern part of Berkshire, Mass., 
will find ample food for poetic reflection 
in the singular scenery of a country, 
which, owing to the ruggedness of the 
soil and its lying out of the track of all 
public conveyances, remains almost as un- 
known to the general tourist as the inte- 
rior of Bohemia, 

Travelling northward from the town- 
ship of Otis, the road leads for twenty or 
thirty miles towards Windsor, Icngth\nse 
ufion that long broken spur of heights 
v/hich the Green Mountains of Vermont 
send into Massachusetts. For nearly the 
whole of the distance, you have the con- 
tinual sensation of being upon some ter- 
race in the moon. The feeling of the 
jilam or the valley is never yours ; scarce- 
ly the feeling of the earth. Unless by a 
sudden precipitation of the road you find 
yourself plunging into some gorge; you 
pass on. and on, and on, upon the crests 
or slo[)es of pastoral mountains, while far 
below, mapped out in its beauty, the val- 
ley of the Ilousatonic lies endlessl}' along 
at your feet. Often, as your horse gain- 
ing some lofty level tract, Hat as a table. 
trots gayly over the almost deserted and 
sod«]cd road, and your admiring eye 
sweeps the broad landscape beneath, you 
seem to be Bootes driving in heaven. 
Save a potato field here and there, at 
long intervals, the whole country is either 
in wood or pasture. Horses, cattle and 
sheep are the principal inhabitants of 
these mountains. But all through the 
year lazy columns of smoke rising from 
the depths of the forest, proclaim the 
presence of that half-outlaw, the charcoal- 
burner ; while in early spring added curls 
of vapor show that the maple sugar-boiler 
is also at work. But as for fiurniing as a 
regular vocation, there is not much of it 
here. At any rate, no man by that 
means accumulates % fortune from this 

thin and rocky soil; all arable 
parts have long since been nearly ex- 

Yet during the first settlement of the 
country, the region was not unpro«luctivc. 
Here it was that the original settlers 
came, acting upon the principle well- 
known to have regulated their choice of 
site, namely, the high land in preference 
to the low. as less subject to the un- 
wholesome miasmas generated by break- 
ing into the rich valleys and alluvial bot>- 
toms of primeval regions. By degrees, 
however, they quitted the safety of this 
sterile elevation, to brave the dangers of 
richer though lower fields. So that at 
the present day, some of those mountain 
townships present an aspect of singular 
abandonment Though they have never 
known aught but peace and health, they, 
in one lesser aspect at least, look like 
countries depopulated by plague and war. 
Every mile or two a house is passcrl un- 
tenanted. The strength of the frame- 
worji of these ancient buildings enables 
them long to resist the encroachments of 
decay. Spotted gray and green with the 
weather-stain, their timbers seem to have 
lapsed back into their woodland original, 
forming part now of the general pictu- 
resqueness of the natural scene. They 
are of extraordinary size, compared with 
modem farm-houses. One peculiar feature 
is the immense chimney, of light gray 
stone, perforating the middle of the roof 
like a tower. 

On all sides are seen the tokens of an 
cient industry. As stone abounds through- 
out these mountains, that material was, 
for fences, as ready to the hand as wood, 
besides being much more durable. Con- 
sequently the landscape is intersected in 
all directions with walls of uncommon 
neatness and strength. 

The number and length of these walls 
is not more surprising than the size of 
some of the blocks comprising them. 
The very Titans seemed to have been at 
work. That so small an army as the 
first settlers must needs have been, 
should have taken such wonderful pains 
to inclose so ungrateful a soil ; that they 
should have accomplished such herculean 
undertakings with so slight prospect of 
reward; this is a consideration which 
gives us a significant hint of the tcmpc* 
of the men of the Revolutionary era. 

Nor ooold % fitter country bo fouz» 


f^; w, Fifi^ 




Ikrr Ike l}irtl)|ilftieo of the deroUnl jmlHoti 

To • 'ic l>cst Ktime-wAll binld- 

tf« f t woof!-ehonp<?rs» come 

iry ruMiinfain luwns ; a 

villi the toma- 
itn;iL us isisijr- 

. the lilnom of 

^ ere 

ij-^ upon tbem* 

is miiutel Jtke 

Th<3 balmy 

like ji cfnser. 

> for the spare 

:|(entine tnoun- 

i^li- Irum tlie great 

riir— thu St l:et€r*i* 

Ts to the twin 

jch is the two- 

.-rM- .» .^ lif IJerkKhire j 

'4»wuto thcwujit Ihe Htmsa- 

fnaeWtmlfi '■" l^l Iirr vv;L;,rv In^vrinlh, 

4vPii|dt rl ::^ m 

IM rtiUcti ! At 

fkii MiJnci tb« U^^uty oi evrry thJn^ 
avowl f\m poim\tdc3 the loneliness of 
•rir. Yau would not bate the 
ttiore wttl^^rl if y<'n could* Con* 
\ cirmk Id riu^ At tit your 

, tbo bc!4i' ' company but 

I wliAl ni|*tiin! vou behold* hover- 
■ ' - ■* ■ ^-Kor 

Dj^^af^; itiiu 

' lAmji.,^..-,., .,,..-. , ■-'^- 

hlnL Or you b* hold & 

ft«M ICflBe cWi like a tUr 
aid fbfli lu* pmnAcltHl camiI^ tmd dart* 
lil|^4|oiirn t^^nr(l= xhv p-vit for hi§ prey* 
CN" f- aTsoitt in th** 

■B^ Tn!' It Illy W^it 

liy • ' I iiidftctty 

|in.« brnvtTV. 


MBCBsnli to liiia «ay« IrnAK^ 


incxiidiary jmt- 

ftir IB vo^fti with their hymtm, tmd yoiir 
own ^[il joy§ m tho poneral joy, Llktj 
tt irtfungpr in an orchesfnv, you « can Dot 
help BJiJuing yourself when nil a^untl 
you niT^' wnrh Losannns* 

But ill ftutujnn, thoi^t* gny northemera, 
the hinK rt?tum to their smiihcn^ jliui- 
tationa* Tlie mount aiivf arc kft bUak 
fttid KTO. Sora*uk> 8ctt.lts down upon 
them in drizzling mists, The IrsivelkT h 
l>eect, at perilouB turns, by d< nso mas^ea 
of tog. lie erne r^ 8 for a muuiout hito 
more pcnotr*ble air j ami [itinaiug iom«* 
pTSj, abandoned bowse, eres ihe lofty \ar 
^rs pliunly eddy by iu de*okt^ dtnari 
juKt m from the phi in, you ituty >ee it 
eddy by the [itnnncks of di§ti"mt and 
lonely heightiL Ov^ dismounting ft-om hia 
fiigbteiied horse j be \cnM him down isomo 
Bcowling glen, where ibti road steeply 
dips among grim rocki;, onlv to ri>u im 
abniptly a|;::^in ; and as ho wjirdy pieki 
his way, uneasy at ItiL' tiif:ii:\cuij]^ R^cne, 
he £ee» ^omo gho^l-like *i|;;«<^'t fouinliii^ 
through the rois^t at the lusuLith'; and 
wend itig to wards i : T .1 ■ 1 1 . ■ If % .1 j 1 1 > I. ■ h- >i 5 to 
stone, uncouthly ■ ihe 

spot where, &omc 1 , . iW, 

aouie farmer was upset m his wood-Ued, 
and perished beneath the hi^rl 

In winter this rcj^ion m bhjckcd up 
with snow. Inaeciessible and impiu^ble, 
those wild, unfrequcnte<l road^, wbieh in 
August are OYez^grown with bi|y:h graj^ iii 
Decejuher are drifted to tlie ai-m-pit with 
the white fleece from the sky. As if an 
ocean rolled betiraen maoand man, inter- 
commmueatton ia dtcQ auflpended for 
weeks and weeks, 

SucK at tlib day, 18 thu eountry which 
gave birth to our hero : pp>pheticaj^ 
Btyled Israel by the gofrd Puritans, bta 
parents, #inco for more than forty ycm^ 
poor Potter wanrk'red in the wild wilder- 
nc€S of the world^a eitremcht hardslupa 
and ins. 

How little he tiionght, when, as a boy, 
bunting aA^T hig father'fi ^irhy cattle 
amon^ these New Eniirlaud tiillin. he him- 
aelf likt n beiii^t should l>o huntetl tlirmigh 
half tif Old Kni^larwl, a^ a numway reW- 
Or, how iXHild he ever have druamed, 
when Involved in the autumnal vapors 
of these mountAinfi, tluit wor»ie liewiJdet^ 
tDenta awaited h&m three thcjusund miles 
Hi t,»hj4 the eea, wamienng lUrlorn in the 
:^ of hfmtlfm. But so It was doiH 
be. ThislittlcTKrv .rn,ehill^ 
bora iu n'r^hi of the i*ini or, 

wa*^ to liUi^er out the ►» f 

a prit^ncr or a pnup<.r u^ftu lii 
banks of liie Thamej«, 

tt^f U*nL w tike tJMtt. Allan while tbo 


Iwad Potter; of, Flfhf Tmrs of E^le. 



Urt -Emrmwvh Ai>TX2rT[r& 

I^ActNAT^olff wUl ensilj picture the ra- 
mi cl»js of tbe youth of IsrmeL Let us 
piLSS on to & lees imioature penod. 

It appears that he hc^pin his wander- 
mpi vary earljj nioreover, that ere^ on 
just principles thrOTiving off the joke 
of hi^ king, Israel, on mualjy e^cufiable 
grounds, emftncipated hunseif from his 
aire. He c<:jntmiicd in the enjoyment of 
pairent-al love till the age of eighteen, 
when, hav tug formed an attachment for 
ft nftighbor'a tlaughtcr — ^for some reftsoUj 
not deemed a suitable |natch bj bm father 
— ^!ie was severely reprimanded^ warned 
to discontinue hh visit"?, acd threatened 
with some di*!graeeful punishment in c^se 
he pet^iste<l As; the girl was not only 
beautiful, but amiable — thouehj as will 
be Si-en, rather weak— and her family 
respectable as any^ thoui^h unfortunately 
but poor, Isi-ael deemed bis flithor'a con- 
duet unreasonable and oppressive ; par- 
ticularly as it turned out that he had 
taJ^en secret means to thwart hia son with 
the prl's connections, if not with the girl 
herself, 8f> m to place almost insurmount- 
able obFtack\s to an eventual marnaj^e. 
For it had not been the purpose of Israel 
to miury at once, but at a future day, 
when prufk*tice should approve the step. 
Bo, oppreseed by tiia fatherj and bitterly 
disapi-KJinlcd in bis love, the desperate 
boy formed the determination to quit 
them both, for another homo mid other 

It was on Sunday, while the family 
were g<ine to a farm-house church near 
by J that he packed up aa much of Ms 
clothing m might be ooutained in a hand- 
kerchiefj which, with a smalt quantity of 
provji^ion, he bid in a piece of wooda in 
the rear of the house* He then returned^ 
and continued in the house till about 
nine in the evening, when, pretending to 
go to bedj he passed out of a back door, 
aud hastened to the woods for his bundle. 
It was a sultry night in July j and that 
he Uiij^hl travel with the more easo on 
the succet^ding fhy^ he lay down at the 
foot of * pine tree, reposing himself till 
an hour before dawn, when, upon aw»k- 
ingj he heard the soft, prophetic sighing 
of the pine^ stirred by the first breath of 
the morning* Like the leaicts of that 
evergreen, all the fibi«8 of hisi heart trem- 
bled within him j tear?; ft' 11 from his eyes* 
But he thought of the tyranny of his 
(Ulht-r, and what seemed to him the faith- 
leasness of his lote ; and shouldering hia 
bundle^ arose, and marched on. 

His intention was to reneh the new 
countries to the northwfo^il and we5t* 
ward, lying between the Dutch ^itlle- 
ments on the Hudson^ and the Vatdcce 
settlement* on the Ilousatontc* This was 
mainly to elude all search* For the 
same reason, fi>r the fii'st ten or tirelve 
miles, shunning the public r[>adfi, \w 
travelled through the woods * for he 
knew that be would soon be m't^ed and 

He reachc<l his deistination in safety ; 
hired out to a fannerfora month throtigh 
the hanrt^t ; then crossed from tbo Hud- 
son to the Connecticut* Meeting hero 
with an adventurer to the unknown re- 
gions lying about the bead waters of the 
latter river, he ascended ivilh lliij* mail 
in a cjmoe, paddUng and pulling fur mnny 
miles, Hei-e again he hired himself out 
for three months ; at the end of that time 
to receive for hia wagei, two hundred 
acres of land lying in New Hampshire. 
The cheapness of the land was nut ulone 
owing to the of the country, but 
to the perils investing it. Not only was 
it a wildemesis abounding with wild, 
beasts, but the widely i^cattered inbahit- 
anta were in continual <]read of being, at 
some unguarded momcut, destroyed or 
made captive by tlie CaDftdian fiavages, 
whOj CTcr since the French war, had im- 
prOT^d every opportunity to make forays 
across the defenceless frontier. 

His employer proving fabe to his con- 
tract in the matter of the land, and there 
being no law in the countiy to for«?e him 
to fulfil it, Israe!, — ^who however brave- 
hearted, and even much of a dare-devil 
upon a pinch, seemSj nevertheless, to hav# 
evinced, throughout many parts of,hi3 
career, a singular patience and mildness, 
—was obliged to look round for other 
means of livelihood, than clearing out a 
farm for himself in the- wilderness. A 
party of rt)jal surveyorH were at this 
period surveying the uni^cttled regions 
boniering the Connecticut River Vi its 
source. Af fifleen shillings i>er montbi 
he engaged hiiuEelf to this [larty as ai? dist- 
ant chain-bearer, little thinking that thfi 
day \n\B to come when he should clank 
the king*s chains in a dungecmt even as 
now he trailed them a free ranger of the 
woods. It was midwinter; the UikI was 
surveyed upon snow-?hoes. At tlie clotio 
of tlic day, firij.-i were kindled witb dry 
hemlock, a hut thrown up, and the fjjirty 
ate and slept* 

Paid tilT at last, Israel height a gim 
and ammumlion, and turned hunter. 
Deer, lieaver, Ac., were plenty. In two 
or three months he had many skins to 




Jmul Potkr; or, Fi/l^ Tian of Exik. 

tkmw. I wappom It Tii*TCf mtertd his 
«b^llttl ha wii thiii ^imlifjing him- 
ii»V iir anAriumvi of tiH'ti. But thua 

w«r» tai*<r\t! i1j*i*<. wimjJ- rful ^bots who 

IkMiL , whom Put* 

WBi l»i;k Witt iiU the white of tli« CQi^ 

wit! ( of his Imnllnji; he pur- 

^Iktf^^ 1 iw*T<*si af laiitl, further 

i? ' monj .settled 

fj. lit, imtJ ifi t\^o 

mtim.r*^ '«»iri nj^ uwn ti*iKl8, cleared 
thktf acrcfi for ^iritif;. In ilic winter 

mmmmlmh '-" --.1 tripfXHh At iho 

fffifif llie ' ht* &i>lil bii4:k his 

lUiJ-Hntw ^ vi il — eo the orvgl- 

IaJ owner, i.iy pounds 

1 im<'8call- 

fctllS' thCT 

^^w\ > of 

ilnkin iki&ds^ i^\ii^\tfa. U "mu^ tionr 
V^ttf ftfmm. Flitting HiA (Toock on & 
hi»d^^-T. ■ ■ '.' Ciuida, ft 

pdfSi- i|;»twrg- 

tlttl^ Wd il b*«n fuii . i ucmM 

«» b^uxHrd y» V. ',.■ iinm<^ 

til fiit^tUw Willi!.-,. ■,.,;.. jcTJcy fcg 

firiMi rwU i\*cit hAffovTH over ttie flng- 
pt^ ti firwM. Iii tTi^- way wji^ hrvd 
tliiA faults ^' i4i)d in(Je(>ei)- 

das witkli COT)': r fciref&th<}r» to 

mtKmaJi fr«t:«lotii, 

Hiii €?iwiidijui trip pmre<l highlj ecte- 
ontfiiL SklUtig hin glitterixi^ ^jtAs tt % 

4ii^ reductiuii. Itctiirnin;; to rLirle5^ 
luws, hm ^p09vd of liLM n?Ut ni cargo 
^pMtt fti* vtrjr fine pri>l^t* And now, 
vMi * %!lil ht^ri ftnd a h^^^jivj pur^e, ho 
liihwllii ill il luji jiwi^thrjirt am prLreiits^ 
if wbofD, fur tkree viam, ho had tiad 

Tbry wtn? ni>i Iokr wilonifihcf! thAD do 
E||)htr» :>pG&raoc«; ht- hud been 

WMlt The 4^3 1, IVit ht^ lovo 

ili iotr%«M \«> nii«t 

^■1 4teit«ml I to 


lllsui iucii 

niftin taming his rights (for he was mw 
onc-and'twt?nty), resohcd once more to 
r (.'treaty and quit his blue hills for I ho bluer 

A hcrmitftge in the forest 13 the rf?fuge 
of the narrow-nibiled luisaiithroin? ; & 
bEnimCJck on theoceftn is the BHylutn for 
the generous di&t reused. The ocemi hrims 
with natural griefs and trii;;fpfliesi; and 
into that wntery iuiititfusitj of terror^ tAau's 
Irritate gnef i^i hmi like a' drop. 

Travel li tig on fof>t to Providoiiec, Ithod^ 
lislund, Israpl shipjx^ on board a sloops 
bound with lime to the West Iridies, On 
the tenth day out, the vr i -^ ■ -ht fire, 
fro m water coi m n un ira r ? , e 1 ime. 

It was imi*t>ssiblc.' toextij.^ . . ; :'..- Hames, 
The boat wa?^ hoif^ted out. but owiu^ to 
loriji ox[K>!surc to tlie sun. it net^ded eoutin- 
ual baling to keep it niloat They hAd 
only time to put in a firkin of butter and 
a teu-gaUon kpi^ of wattT* Eight in num- 
l*er, the cn?w ejirru?4ti:d liiemM-'lve*:! t*> th© 
weaves, in a J^-ttky liih^ many leagues fr<im 
land* As tht? lK»al swi^pt under the bum- 
iiig bowsprit, Lnracl caught at a fni|E^ 
montortlie tlyiug-jib, which f=^il imi] rall- 
cn down the stay, owing to the charring^ 
nigh the flec'k^ oi" the rope which hoislcd 
it, Tjuined vviih the Kniuki% and it*; cdg« 
bhiokcned with tlie firc^ this Lit of ean- 
T*vs hoi J ted thi'Ui hravvly on their nay. 
Tliank>i to kind Providemx', on the ncond 
day they were picked up by a Dutch ^hip, 
bound from Kostutia to Ilolknd. Tbo 
ai8tawa)'S were liuniunely n.*eelve<l, anil 
supplied with every neccsiiiJiry. At iho 
end of a wiek, while unwophiiiticated Is- 
nwsl was Kilting in the main top, thinking 
whftt ^hotiM U'full hiin in llollant!, and 
wondering what j^rt of unKeltliHlj wild, 
eoontrv it wa^^ and whether there was 
any Jocr-Hhwling or heavcr-trjiftping 
there; lot ati Amurieati brig^ bound frfun 
Piscata*iua to Antigua, comcR i[i sighL 
The American ttwjk them aboard niifl con* 
veyi'il HiiTn -,r;?v to her [m^tL There 
I ^ T jr to liieo ; from tbenec, 

Uiher rovmgs ensued ; until at Ta^tt 
entering on board a Nan tucket nhip, ho 
htmted the tcTmthan off the Western 
iRlamk and on the rortnt af Arhcn. for 
wxtecn months; rHtinnn^ at length to 
Kantiieket with a brinnniiig liohh From 
that i^lund he siih'd again <in n puttier 
whaling vovage, I'Stfrnrlimr. t\m Umt\ into 
the great Smith Sea, Th* re, promotwl 
to be liflrpc>onrr. iNrael, whoi«iw eve and 
arm had bt'cti no itnproveff ' * ■ • • *ttio 
witli hm gun in the wil*i >w 

furilter intenissikd \m aitn, ! , .- .hajj 
Vm whale-bmce ; i*iill* ut*wittiii)jly, jn^ 


Israel Potter ; or, Fi/li/ Vcars of ExiU. 


paring himself for the Bunker Hill 

In this last voyage, our adventurer 
experienced to the extreme, all the hard- 
ships and privations of the whaleman's 
life on a long V03age to distant and bar- 
barous waters ; hardships and privations 
unknown at the present day, when sci- 
ence has so grcatl}' contribute<l, in mani- 
fold ways, to lessen the suirerings, and 
adil to the comforts of sea-faring men. 
Ileartil}' sick of the ocean, and longing 
once more for the bush, Israel, upon re- 
ceiving his discharge at Nantucket at the 
end of the voyage, hied straight back for 
his mountain home. 

But if hopes of his sweetheart winged 
his returning flight, such hopes were not 
destined to be crowned with fruition. 
The dear, false girl, was another's. 



Lekt to idle lamentitions, Israel might 
now have planteii deep furrows in his 
brow. But stifling his pain, ho chose 
rather to plough, than be ploughed. 
Farming weans man from his som^ws. 
That tranquil pursuit tolerates nothing 
but tranquil meditations. There, too, in 
mother earth, you may plant and reap ; 
not. as in other things, plant and see the 
planting torn up by the roots. But if 
wandering in the wilderness ; and wan- 
dering ui)on the waters ; if felling trees; 
and hunting, and shipwreck ; and fighting 
\vith whales, and all his other strange 
adventures, had not as yet cured poor 
Israel of his now hopeless ])assion ; events 
were at hand for ever to drown it. 

It was the year 1774. The difficulties 
long pending between the colonics and 
England, were arriving' at their crisis. 
Hostilities were certain. The Americans 
were preparing themselves. Companies 
were formed in most of the New England 
towns; whose members, receiving the 
name of minute-meu, stood ready to 
march anywhere at a minute's warning. 
Israel, for the last eight months, so- 
journing as a laborer on a farm in Wind- 
sor, enrolled himself in the regiment of 
Colonel John Patterson of Lenox, after- 
wards General Patterson. 

The battle of Lexington was fought on 
the 18th of April, 1775 ; news of it arrived 
in the county of Berkshire on the 20th, 
about noon. The next mormng ot sun- 

rise, Israel swimg his knapsack, shoul- 
dered his musket, and with Patterson's 
regiment, was on the march, quickstep^ 
towanls Boston. 

Like Putnam, Israel received the stir- 
ring tidings at the plough. But although 
not less willing than Putnam, to fly to 
battle at an instant's notice ; 3*et — only 
half an acre of the field remaining to bo 
finished — he whipped up his team and 
finished it. Before hastening to one 
duty, ho would not leave a prior one un- 
done ; and ere helping to whip the British, 
for a little practice' sake, he applied the 
gad to his oxen. From the field of the 
farmer, he rushed to that of the soldier, 
mingling his blood with his sweat. While 
we revel in broadcloth, let us not forget 
what we owe to linsey-woolsey. 

With other detachments from various 
quarters, Israel's regiment remained en- 
cam])ed for several days in the vicinity of 
Charlestown. On the seventeenth of 
June, one thousand Americans, includi(ig 
the regiment of Patterson, were set about 
fortifying Bunker's Hill. Working all 
through the night, by dawn of the 
following day, the redoubt was thrown 
up. But every one knows all about the 
battle. Suffice it, that Israel was one 
of those marksmen whom Putnam ha- 
rangued as touching the enemy's eyes. 
Forbearing as ho was with his oppressive 
father and unfiiithful love, and mild as 
he was on the fann ; Israel was not the 
same at Bunker Hill. Putnam had en- 
jouied the men to aim at the officers ; so 
Israel aimed between the golden epaulettes, 
as, in the wilderness, ho had aimed be- 
tween the branching antlers. With dog- 
ged disdain of their foes, the English 
grenadiers marched up the hill with sul- 
len slowness; thus furnishing still surer 
aims to the muskets which bristled on the 
redoubt. Modest Israel was used to aver, 
that considering his practice in the woods, 
he could hardly be regarded as an inex- 
perienced marksman ; hinting, that every 
shot which the epauletted grenadiers re- 
ceived from his rifle, would, upon a differ- 
ent occasion, have procured him a deer- 
skin. And like stricken decrs the Eng- 
lish, rashly brave as they were, fled from 
the opening fire. But the marksman's 
ammunition was expended; ahand-to-hand 
encounter ensued. Not one American 
musket in twenty had a bayonet to it 
So, wielding the stock right and left, the 
terrible farmers, with hats and coats off, 
fought their way among the furred grena- 
dbrs; knocking them rieht and left, as 
seal hunters on the beach, knodk down 
with their dubs the Shetland seal. In 


Imtd Potkr ; or, Fijy Tmr$ of Sxlk, 


lb* dfiiM en»wtt »jw! orinfusion, while 
Isaiprji nii&ikvC got mt<.TU)ckecl, he miv a 
Hide liAMixniatjal)* ntunai-iu;; hiH f^el 
6«n Ui» |;t^^' '" ^ THrnkini? somfl fftlU*n 
mmmy mm*f l< him dt the k*«t 

pi^ drM|>( _ <1 4U1 hk iiuiakct, 

M WTT«ich«d St ' 1. lit found that 

IliOflQJb m bmre r it, that hand 

«i» MfRfHoiai t«r «vcn It wm .wmt 
BrttWt ffWfrr'n h<y^ <fWf>rfi-afm, cut IHtm 

I !ost. At that 

B^-tii'. Eitjitnl at is- 

fieri ' < r. In ati in* 

■1131 \ l by kindred 

ilJaDl 6 i y a hroihcr's 

mApv '■'!<* But 

hn«l LA cut 

Ml t^ :>, . received 

m imrrjxsv^ . a long 

iSlt *.'^l.-^ I II hurk'd 

L Yui^ him 

t* vvcr« tho 

I Art I ^vhii^h oiir Sicinius 

IMMftt II thitt rn«tiJurith1o 

UL uth h)^ conirAdca 

be fn»r ,,iiiF Prn!tpcf»t lliU, 

a^ * ■ 'J thehoB- 

tr di'trtuicdj 

ttoL .♦! wi- , several 

|Baei of ^ \ by tho 

wmfpom, trw . ' " hij^h 

hmth Afifi mm U- 

-. 0(i i*ro>p(x:t 
now in pOK* 
■MM of y«v lu«, It ho ta turn h^d forti* 

n ]3o«t(m 

' y wf pro- 
V fir«:*it- 

-n to 

I. gf 

L*yh Tho 

iCn in.* ibw WigviF 
IM piSM, euniiiimtittet: 
§t^ Semmen went bu- J t4i U 

• ^M fiprtn ic» Trtlnn^HT for 

itrl- ■ .lidi 

! ty. . r hn 

fbn» dft ji ottt sf Eottoo bftrbor, Um 

briganttBe wna caiJitin'd by lUo enemy's 

feliip Foy^ of twi^nty gnn% Tsiki^n prisoner 
with thu rc*t of the crew. Tsr^iel via* afl<?r- 
vards pot on >-*'i« 1 t}ip fVivjutc Tartar, 
with imtiicvIiLi' r di^rs hr Ewglnn'i. 

8eroniy*two ^^ , ^cs in ihin vt\<Hfl» 

Ueadod hy rsmoi, men^half irny 
Bf^ross lh(j sea— formed a frohtnne to tyizt 
the ship, but n-cro Liotrtiyud by o rtnerado 
English inati. As ringlcadt'r.' HrmA vms 
put in iron^, and so leniainivl li]| th(* 
ifigatc ww^horod at Fortiimouth. There 
he was brought on deck ; und would 
liaTe met perhaps sonits ternbfii fat*s, hud 
it not come out durhig i\m e\anitnationi 
that the Enghshman Inid bet'n a deserter 
from the amiy of hk Dutive Cfiiititry, ere 
provmjr ft traitor to ]m adopted one, 
Kdicvcd of his irons, Israel wau plaeeii in 
the marine ho«|Jttal on t^hore. wher<! half 
of the prisoners t*>ok the small -jk^x. which 
swcjit *it]' a third of tbcir tmculicr. Why 
tftlkof Jjifta? 

From tho hospital the survivors iirere 
conreyed to Sprltit^acl and thru,st on board 
a hulk* And here in the black tioweh of 
IhL* ^hip. snnk lt>w in the simless m%, our 
poor l!4rael tay for a month, Uke Jounh in 
the M\y of the ^hsde. 

But one bright morning, Israel is hailed 
from the deek* A bargt*n^an of tlio rom- 
m^ndcr's boat is Bkk. Knovrn for a 
£&i]or, Iitruet for the nonce is «p{)olnted to 
pull the aliment nmn*8 oar. 

The oiTleers being landed, some of the 
crew propcj*?e, liktj merry KngliJihmen as 
they arv, to hie to <i neigh boring alt^'houso, 
and ha?o a c*>sy |K>t or tw*i tog\'ther« 
AgJ-ced. They start* and Isiael with 
them- As the}' enter the ale-house door, 
our prisoner is suddenly reiniudixl of *ttli 
more imperative calli, UnsnHp»K;te<l of 
any design, he ts alio^ied to leave the party 
for a moment Nci sooner doe« Israel seo 
hit^ I " ' ' ■ .^ 5i««d 

int ■ ^viops, 

he ffUi L.> iii^r- n >ii-vt. ill' iiLN- t'nif iniTe« 
(so he ai^ertranls aflirmedj wiLhoiit 
liallinjf* He ^ried townrtla L<jndoni 
M iHi-ly dceniin;: thnt oocc in tliat crowd 
dek-ction would he iiniMi^^LMe* 

Ten niiJcDL as hr \ from where 

ho had hf\ the t. u i^uri^ly pn*is- 

ing a ( ': ul n htllo vi|1ii;;i' on 

the roai J . i ng h i mM>] f m^K pre tty 

isafe— hark^ wkit in thia ho hc«.rs ?^ 


** No ship," says Tsranl, hurry ing on, 

" Stop." 

^' If you will atteof! t> your buj^iines*. I 
will endetivor i*i mtfud tr* mine.'' rtt- 
hlitfi Ura*il <x*«iUy, And Tl«1^t uunvito to 
Ictji grow hia wiujfs again ; tlying^ om d^tti 

Imd Potter; w, Fi/ljf Yean t^ S»t», 


fiay. at the rate of sotnethmg less thim 
thirty miles aji boiir, 

*^' Stop thk*f ! " is now the ay. Num- 
beri rushed from the roftd*side houses. 
After aaiilis'ji chase* the poar panting dc«r 
ts caught 

Fmding it wns do use iiow to prev&ri* 
cate^ leraot holdly confesses himscLf a 
prisd ncr-o f- war. The officer, tt good fellow 
OS it turned out, bad him escorted back 
to the inn ; where, obserrbg to the land- 
lord| that this must needs bo a true-blooded 
Yankee, calls for liquors to refresh Israel 
after his run* Two soldiers are then ap- 
pointed to guard him for the present 
This was to Hoards evening ; and up to a 
late hour at night, the inn was filled with 
strangers crowding to see the Yankc*© 
rebel as they politely termed bj m. These 
h'jnest rustics fieemed to think that 
Yankues were a sort of wild creatures, a 
species of a Opossum or kangaroo* But 
Uratd is yery affable with them. That 
liquor he drank from the hand of his fo«, 
has perhaps warmed his heart towards 
all the rest of \m ent^mie^. Yet this may 
not be wholly so, IVe shall see. At any 
rate, still he keeps his eye on the main 
ehauoe — escape. JCeither the jokes nor 
the insults of the mob does he su3er to 
molest him. He iscogitatiDga little plot 
to himself. 

It seems that the good oflScer— not more 
true to the king his master Umn indul- 
gent towards the prisoner which that 
same loyalty made — had left orders that 
Israel should bo supplied with whatever 
liquor he w;mted that night. So, calling 
for the can a^ain and agniUj Israel iuTites 
the two soldiers to drink and be merry. 
At lengthy a wag of the company pi'opo^s 
that Israel should cntertuin the public 
with a jig J he (the wag) having beard, 
that the Yankees were extraordinary 
dancers. A fiildle is brought in. and poor 
Israel takes the £oor. Not a little cat 
to think that Iheso p^oplu should so un- 
feelingly seek to be diverted at ilit* cjt- 
pensio of an unfortunate prisoner, Israel, 
while jifiging it up and down, still con- 
spires away at his private plot, resolving 
ere long to give the enemy a touch of cer- 
tain Yankee steps, as yet midreamed of 
in their simple philosophy. They would 
not petiilit any cessatiou of his dancing 
till hu had danced himself into a perfect 
sweat, so that the drops fell from his lank 
and tiaxen hair. But I^rael^ with much 
of tht* gentleness of the dove, m not 
wholly without the wisdom of the ser- 
pent. Pleased to ^eo the flowing bowb 
he congratulates himsc^lf that his own 
niate of pi^r^piratioa prevents it ,from 

producing any intoxicatmg elTect upon 

Late at night the company break up. 
Furmshcd with a pair of handcuffs, the 
prisoner is laid on a blanket spread upon 
the floor at the side of the bed in wbic^i 
his two keepers are to re|>ose. ExprcssingJ 
much gratitude for the blanket, with appall 
rent unconcemJsrael stretches his le^, A a ' 
hour or two passes. AU is quiet without. 

The important moment had now ai*- 
rived. Certain it was, that if this chane ' 
were suffered to pass unimproved^ a sec-"^ 
ond would hardly present itself. For 
earljr, doubtless, on the following morn- 
ing, if not some way prevented, the two 
soldiers would convey Israel back to his 
floating prison^ where he would thence- 
forth remain confined until the close of 
the war | yeai*s and years, perhaps. Wbeii 
he thought of that horrible old hulk, his 
nerves were rcstrung for flight. But in- 
trepid as he must be to compass it. wai> 
nesa too was needed. His keepers badj 
gone to bed pretty well under the influ- 
ence of the liquor. This was favorable,! 
But still, they were full-grown, strong 
men ; and Israel was !iandcu0ed. S^ 
Israel i^esolved ujion strategy first ; and 
if that failed, force afterwards. He eagerly 
lii^tened. One of the drunken soldier&| 
muttered in his sleep, at first lowtyj then.! 
louder and louder, — '* Catch 'cm ! Grap** 1 
pig 'em 1 Have at 'em I Ha^long cut^ ' 
lasses 1 Take thatj runaway ! " 

**AVlmt's the matter with ye, Phil 7^' 
hiccoughed the other, who was not yet| 
asleep, " Keep quiet, will ye 1 Ye ainY 
at Fontenoy now." 

^^Hc^s a runaway prisonorj I say. 
Catch him, catch him i" 

"Oh, stutih with your drunken dream* J 
ingf^^ again hi^x^oughed his comradei|' 
violently nudging Mm* ^'This comes 
o' carousing." 

Shortly after, the dreamer with loudj 
snores fell back into dead sleep. But by] 
something in the sound of the breathing] 
of the other soldier, Isi-ael knew that this , 
man remained uneasily awake. He delib- 
erated a mcment what was best to do. 
At leogth he determined upon trying bin . 
old plea. Calhng upon the two soldiers, J 
he informed them that urgent ijuccs&ityi 
required his iui mediate prei^enoc somo-^i 
whore in the rear of tiie bouse. 

** Come, wake up here, Phi V roared the 
soldier who was awake ; *' the fellow hero 
says be must step out ; eujs^ tbe<e Yuii* ] 
kees*f nobett*?r t^MJicuttuii \\rMA t'.tbc l-.-hi 
Itam'tnatentl; ; 
Yankeej dou^t ye knuw no bcltvr V' 


Itfod PiftUr; Of, Fi/y Ymn of Mxils* 



WiUi tnanj anif^ dtaimdntbnSi th^* 
Iw laow fttaig^FriJ to their tiH-'ts itid 
fiktdbliiie 1; ' * ^^ ^ ■■ ' rteit Kim 

iifk cbUj, ;.... ' :UBc to a 

^«w Ko toocv 'ijittd by 

Hm vti' ^^ liiig 

ltt^li%r«i» ttiU> Uiv tniirv | %^ bin, (i main ng 
la the Ofi)xi«ttc dimHion, he houni;yA Ibe 
Wtktr hmd otvr hcfk into the gunlen^ 
■ if n tt^iaig ft hmvl i utid Ihi^it lea^^iug 
•ftr tW Utter^ft hctstcj, tUrt« bltiitlly ant 
inki tJift miiJnight Next niomcnt he was 
il the gardcsi weII No outlet wms did- 
bit in tJbfl gk)i>ui. But a rrurt-lnie 
, f.v *\... .....II Spnii^'iug hito tt 

l>, 1 AM he w!|Aj iKrael 

J to him St* If 

k tliefrQci: tud once 

monr leu ;; I ' \ il' An ti ma^ 

vjUi load 4 ^ ddruiik- 

Ailtr ntnrnag two or thrpc miles;, mv\ 
hMfi tt f ootaUDdof ptifsiiil, Israel nins 
«P Ui rill tikik«elf of t! liich 

iwpBJr hium. After i Wr 

kfrCUOOMdx r J on 

ipia iritii ^^'t^- 

9aQ(r^» p}fW n^ - !t^ nil L-ulorfil 

will«tbQ IMi iw... .....^ i>f the j^prir^g 

n?t-» ax?, lh^*rl|:llt IfiTft^I^ ftJI of » trc?in- 
I iitily he rnughl now; I 

L^ , noaw iiv4ik(i)tu*g pjArk. 

fgrwiifd ttuoin. he came 
if. nn*] Hi ri knew ihat, 
^* ihk wafi 

t If id j one 

hn^ " 'A'hit4s 

mn tUtf 

VMd «»^ ^ < Ml riiiH bud. 

II trrv *^*t ijf 
^ ' -i looked 
it on the 

il 1km iMiil 

•f tjKdftJ, 

kIUa vert! 


lie woJi )&> 


■ ititl* 
lilftlbMaw r ttrt 

iBd p f Uuii tK irtf^t*! Tifrh a tit' Id, wh«ru 
IM l»|C«tff *rht7 hud 

fi^ dfe0«k ' k|^. khnu Hi^; 

Ife Uov stuck u-:^ Uvurij tj the !. 
<jad in Iticir. cj^r^^. %\h 

id i*fl ~ " ' " " f Ji- 

Israel, taking ofiT his hiitj ^'does this roi4 
pi to Lcmdon I ** 

At thig fjiIntAtioTi, the two figures 
turnefl in a sort of stujnd amo^mcntj 
ciiusin^ an ulmost corrf^fKinJIitg exjircs- 
Bion in I?ra<5l, wlio nov*' jit'nx^n^d ihjii they 
were iiicn, and liot xvnmcn* lie \mA mis- 
inkcti thcm^ owing to their fmckii, iind 
tht'tr wearing n« jjantaloonKj only hnscHzhc^ 
bidden bj Ihfir frocks. 

" Beg i^ardon, ladies, but I thooghi ye 
were something else," SAiddsmel sgiun» 

Ouct more the two fipurea started ftt 
the strflng(>r, and with added boorishntj^ 
of suriiHse. 

^' Does this ro&d go to London^ gentk* 

** Gentleniefi — egad 1 '* cried one of Ihi* 

" Egnd 1 " echoed the second, 

PuUio];^ their hoes before them, the two 
frotkt'd lM>ors now tix^k z |txhj long look 
Jit Ibrat'h tncAntinic !?cratchn>g their htiads 
under their plaited straw hat's* 

** 1>UL*« it, geiitltiiien 7 Doe^ it go to 
London J tki kind tnonirii lo ttil a r*«>r 
fellow, do." 

** Yees goin* to Lnnnun, arc yees 7 
'\rc<*l— aU night^go along/' 

And withotJt anotla^f word* havbg 
now satbflwl their rustic eurio>*ity^ the 
two human steers^ willi wonderful (ihlcgwi, 
applied Ihemselvei to their hoes; AU|>* 
jKis^Jiig, n»i dciubt. that ilicy bad given all 
rcqui^.tte mforniation» 

Shortly afler^ Israel pa.*ised an old. 
dark^ tnojb^y-lookfng ch»].iel^ itis roof all 
plastered with the dan*|> yellow dead 
leaves of the previtius aiitunmj fi!iowtii?d 
there fruin a clotse clumsier of venerable 
trtTH, with great trunks, and ovtTStretch* 
Ing btanehe^. Xe^t ni*>mrnt he fonml 
himself entering a village, 11 le tile nee 
of early morning riHied upun it. But 
few llj^iutig Mcitijj^^n* G I itndng through 
the nindovv of a now noi^ele*^ puhhc- 
houj^. Tiirnel *-avv a lahk alJ in disorder, 
covered w Hh empty tlagou^s, and to!>ai!CicK 
a^heK, auii long pi^»ef i miun of ttiu latti^ 

AOi:r panning lie re a moment, lie nioi*ed 
on, and id^ nerved a mnn over Ihu way 
itamhi}g KtiU and w^itohing him. lo- 
atantl> Jxrael wa.^ rcmimled thai he had 
on the dixr^s of au Eo^liwh sailor, and that 
it was ihi* prohubly vvhiuli haij arrvHlnl 
thp Ktr«iig*'r*>i atttntiori. Well knowing 
liiiftt hi& i^tf^riihar thpaa cjc|xjsed htm lo 
I ■' ' ■ ' " ■ " ■ . •• Mm 

t . ' > a 

». -il- 

Israel Potter ; or, Fifty Teart of Exile. 


neath tlie weight of a pick- axe. hoe and 
shovel, going to his work ; the Tery pic- 
ture of poverty, toil and distress. His 
clothes were tatters. 

Making up to this old man, Israel, after 
a word or two of salutation, offered to 
chancre clothes with him. As his own 
clothes were princc-liko compared to the 
ditcher's, Israel thought that however 
much his proposition might excite the 
suspicion of the ditcher, yet self-interest 
would prevent his communicatmg the sus- 
picions. To bo brief, the two went be- 
hind a hedge, and presently Israel emerg- 
ed, presenting the most forlorn appear- 
ance conceivable; while the old ditcher 
hobbled off in an opjwsite direction, cor- 
respondingly improved in his aspect; 
though it was rather ludicrous than oth- 
erwise, owing to the immense bagginess 
of the sailor- trousers Happing about his 
lean shanks, to say nothing of the spare 
voluminousness of the pea-jacket. But 
Lsracl — how deplorable, how dismal his 
plight! Little did he ween that these 
wretched rags he now wore, were but 
suitable to that long career of destitution 
before him ; one* brief career of adventu- 
rous wanderings : and then, forty torpid 
3'ears of pauperism. The coat was all 
patches. And no two patches were alike, 
and no one patch was the color of the 
original cloth. The stringless breeches 
gaped wide open at the Imee ; the long 
woollen stockings looked as if they had 
been set up at some time for a target 
Israel looked suddenly metamorphosed 
from youth to old age ; just like an old 
man of eighty ho looked. But indeed, 
dull dreary adversity was now in store 
for him ; and adversity, come it at eigh- 
teen or eighty, is the true old ago of man. 
The dress befitted the fate. 

From the friendly old ditcher, Israel 
learned the exact course he must steer 
for London ; distant now between seventy 
and eighty miles. He was also apprised 
by his venerable friend, that the country 
was filled with soldiers, on the constant 
look-out for deserters whether from the 
navy or army, for the capture of whom a 
stipulated reward was given, just as in 
Massachusetts at that time for prowling 

Having solemnly enjoined his old friend 
not to give any infonnation, should any 
one he meet inquire for such a person as 
Israel, our adventurer walked briskly 
on, less heavy of heart, now that he felt 
comparatively safe in disguise. 

Thirty miles were travelled that day. 
At night Israel stole into a barn, in hopes 
of finding straw or bay for a bed. But it 

was spring ; all the hay and straw were 
gone. So after groping about in the dark, 
he was fain to content himself with au 
undressed sheep-skin. Cold, hungry, 
foot-sore, weary, and impatient for .the 
morning dawn, Israel drearily dozed out 
the night. 

By the first peep of day coming throngli 
the chinks of the bam. he was up and 
abroad. Ere long finding himself in th-j 
suburbs of a considerable village, the 
better to guard against detection he suj>- 
plied himself with a rude crutch, and 
feigning himself a cripple, hobbled straight 
through the town, followed by a porvcrso- 
minded cur, which kept up a continual, 
spiteful, suspicious bark. Israel longed 
to have one good rap at him with his 
crutch, but thought it would hardly look 
in character for a poor old cripple to be 

A few miles further, and he came to a 
second village. While hobbling through 
its main street, as through the former one, 
he was suddenly stopinxi by a genuine 
cripple, all in tatters too. who, with a 
sympathetic air, inquired after the 
of his lameness. 

" White swelling," says Israel. 
" That^s just my ailing," wheezed the 
other ; *' but you're lamer than me." he 
added with a forlorn sort of self-satisfac- 
tion, critically eyeing Israel's limp as once 
more ho stumped on his way, not liking 
to tarry too long. 

" But halloo, what's your hurry, friend ?" 
seeing Israel fairly departing — "where 
're you going ? " 

^' To Londcm," answered Israel, turning 
round, heartily wishing the old fellow 
any where else than present. 

" Going to limp to Lunnun, eh ? Well, 
success to ye." 

" As much to you, sir," answers Israel 

Nigh the opposite suburbs of this vil- 
lage, as good fortune would have it, an 
empty baggage-wagon bound for the me- 
tropolis turned into the main road from a 
sitle one. Imme<liatcly Israel limps most 
deplorably, and begs the driver to give a 
poor cripple a lift. So up he climbs; 
but after a time, finding the gait of tho 
elephantine draught-horses intolerably 
slow, Israel craves permission to dis- 
mount, when, thro^ving away his crutch, 
he takes nimbly to his legs, much to 
the surprise of his honest firicnd, the dii- 

The only advantage, if any, derived 
from his trip in the wagon, was, when 
passing through a third village — but 9 
little distant from the previous one— 


SofM Wtitem Birds. 


I<rte1. by lying down in the wagon, had 
wholly aTofded being seen. 

The Tillages surprised him by their 
namber and proximity. Nothing like 
this wafl to be seen at homo. Well know- 
ing that in these Tillages ho ran much 
nwre risk of detection than in the open 
country, he henceforth did his best to 
avoid them, by taking a roundabout course 
wheneTcr they came in sight from a dis- 
tance. This mode of travelling not only 

lengthened his journey, but put unlooked- 
for obstacles in his path — walls, ditches 
and streams. 

Not half an hour after throwing away 
his crutch, he leaped a great ditch ten 
feet wide, and of undiscoverable muddy 
depth. I wonder if the old cripple would 
think me the lamer one now, thought 
Israel to himself, arriving on the hither 

(To bo Continued.) 


BIRDS may, of all animals, naturally 
be 8up[i08ed to be the least gov- 
erne^ by any law of geographical distri- 
bat>>n ; since they are the free common- 
trs of Nature, and can go where their 
own Kweet will carries them. Still, even 
birdit are gOTemed in no small measure 
by mybterious laws. The law which 
oucfiiies the grizzly bear and the antelope 
to the region west of the Mississippi, Jind 
the oorthem pike and the muskalungo to 
tii^ basins of the St Lawrence and the 
Mi*>i->:piii, aI.«iO restricts the sharp-tailed 
gT.-a-^r \\A the majrpie to Wisconsin, Min- 
D*..-->*Ji. Nebraska and the western slope of 
tiir Kfky Mountains. More curious still, 
friUMf «'f the birds of i>as>age. whose lives 
arc wari'lerini:. seem to l>e under the same 
!n:iucn<x •%. The brown crane comes year- 
ly ^i l»ri:f*l in Illinois, alonj; with that 
rare and beautifhl bir«i, AVilson^s phala- 
r j»e. ii<-ithcr of which are ever seen (e.x- 
r* j»t a.> stra^rgU rs) in the Eastern States. 
> J with !V>mc of the ducks, as the shovel- 
It rani the ga^iwall, which are not un- 
cimniou hcrv, though there unkno\ni or 
UbMxXy vi. 

We CAn ea.-ily understand why those 
arjmals which are evi(h*ntly f<»nne<l to live 
or.!y under certiin con litoin;, shoul'l oc- 
r-ipy ji^v'uliar l«x;alities : th;it the moose 
ar.l cari'./ou. the si>ott*<l p*i)iisc and the 
cr-«!-SLL >hou»d inhahit th^ j)ine fnre«;ts 
'/ thv n-irtli; and that the hrook tro«it 
iL >i:I'J '^YUpy its cold and hijrhly aerated 
witi Tv. '1 hN is the etr-f t of chniatr and 
Iat:tud'; ; but why longitude should atlef-t 
:Li» d:>tribulion, and confine the Mack 
baiH and ptkeperch to western lakes and 
nvern. and the prairie wolf and swallow- 
tailed hawk to western plains, is only to 
be afioounted for by recognizing the same 
gpKM Uir of distribution which has 

placed the red man upon one continent, 
and the black upon another. 

There are some animals which are now 
only to be found in the west, Which for- 
merly were <listril)uted all over the con- 
tinent and have Ih^ou driven backward by 
the advancing wave of settlement, or 
rather the propensity to waste and de- 
stroy which accompanies American set- 
tlements. The bison and the pinnated 
grouse are examples. The first was un- 
doubtedly to be found two hundred years 
ago east of the great lakes ; and the sec- 
ond at the same j>crio<l abounded all over 
the country, from "the brushy site of 
Bo«;ton *' to .Jaulesto^^'n in Virginia. Tho 
same causes arc still at work ; tho bison 
will soon Ix" as ninrh a myth as the mas- 
todon, and in half a century the jrrouso 
will 1)C as extinrt a bird as the dodo or 
the dinorni^. Let us then, while he yet 
lin«:ers in tho flesh, devote a few lines to 

TKir.-f) Ci'Pii>o. — This fine bird, 
which, for its size, the sport it shows lx»- 
fore (ioL's. and its value on the table, wo 
plac? at the head of the list of American 
feathered irame — is now only to be found 
in the prairie-^ of the west and south-west. 
In northern Illinois, where, a few year* 
a^o, their abundance and voracity caused 
seriou'? ilainaire to the ^rain fields, thus 
have become, thank-itotlie facility of send- 
ing them to the New York markets by, comparatively .«icar(!0 and dear. 
Ten years ago. we shot grouse within tho 
limits of the pre.<cnt city of Chica^ro. and 
their conmion price was one dollar per 
dozen. Now we pay three dollars i»er 
dozen for them ; and if we want a day's 
shooting we must go from thirty to forty 
miles froui town. The pinnated grouse 
derives its di.«itingui8hing name from tho 
small wing-like appendages (pinna) whkrh 


Some Wettem Birds. 


project from each sido of the neck, in both 
sexes of the adult bird. Wilson and Nut- 
tal. strangely enough, assert that the 
wings are only found on the males. Wil- 
son's description is otherwise correct, ex- 
cept as to the weight lie says that, 
when in good order, the male weighs three 
and a half pounds. Now we have weigh- 
ed many, probably hundreds, but we nev- 
er have found a bird that came up to three 
pounds, the average weight in this region 
being about two. 

They breed in Maroli, and the season is 
continued through Apnl and sometimes 
in a late and wet spring, through May. 
Like the rest of tlie family of grouse, they 
are polygamous. They make their nests on 
the ground, in the middle of the largest 
prairies, and lay from ten to fifteen eggs, 
nearly as large as those of a hen, and of a 
whitish color. In common seasons, the 
young birds can fly by the first of July, 
and great havoc is made among them by 
the market shooters, though they are not 
larger than a quail, and about as fit to eat 
as a boiled kid glove. Like all young 
birds, they then feed principally on in- 
sects ; but as they grow older, they eat 
seeds and other vegetable food, and when 
the wheat and oats are ripe, they procure 
their chief subsistence from the grain 

In the large and liberal system of far- 
ming pursued in Illinois, the immense 
grain fields contain, even after harvest, 
enough scattered grain to supply the 
grouse, numerous as they are (and wo 
have seen five hundred of them in one 
field). The immense corn crops of this 
country are frequently loft standing the 
largest part of the wnter. affording a 
constant supply of their favorite food to 
the "hens," as they are calle<l by the 
farmers; such a field of standing com 
frequently attracting them from many 
miles round. When this supply fails, 
they eat acorns, buds, seeds, &c., frequent- 
ly taking long flights morning and night 
in pursuit of food. 

The proper season for shooting grouse 
in Illinois is from the middle of July to 
the first of September ; during that time 
they lie well before the dogs, and as they 
are in families consisting of the old cock 
and hen, and from ten to fifteen young 
birds, they are easily scattered, and with 
good dogs, the whole bevy may be picked 
up. About the first to the middle of 
September thev collect in flocks composed 
of several families ; become wild, so that 
on the approach of the shooter or bis 
dogs, the whole pack will take wing, and 
fly perhaps a mile before they alight As 

the season advances they become more 
wild, till by the end of October they can 
only be shot with a rifle, as they sit upon 
fences or trees. 

In cold winter mornings, they may be 
seen in great numbers, sitting on the 
stacks, apparently torpid with the cold, 
and may frequently be killed with a shot 
gun in great numbers. When the ground 
is covered with snow, and their food is 
scarce, they are caught in vast quantities 
in box-traps. 

During the month of January', of this 
year, ten tons of these birds are said to 
have been brought to Chicago over one 
railroad. The average weight of these 
birds being two pounls, ten tons would 
comprise ten thousand individuals. 

If the other five railroads coming to 
Chicago from the west and south brought 
in as many more each, it is evident that 
gentlemen who desire grouse shooting, 
had better hasten their coming to Illinois. 

During the summer months the grouse 
lie in the long grass of the prairie during 
the night ; about sunrise they go into the 
grain-fields to feed ; there they remain 
two or three hours if undisturbed. They 
then return to the shelter of the grass 
and high weeds, where they remain quiet 
till five or six in the afternoon, when they 
issue forth in quest of food. From five 
o'clock until dark is the best part of the 
day for shooting ; and more birds tan be 
got in the two hours before sunset than 
in all the rest of the day. 

We were of a party some years ago in 
Elk Grove, some thirty miles from Chi- 
cago. It was about the first of Augjust. 
and the weather was warm. We arrived 
about ten in the morning, and two of the 
party being inexperienced in the sport, 
would go out as soon as we arrived, in 
spite of the advice of the older hands. 
They toiled over the fields and prairies 
for two hours under a burning sun, with- 
out their dogs having a smell of a bird, 
any more than if they had been on the 

About five, p. M.. having slept and 
smoked away the balance of the day, we 
all went out to the same fields which our 
friends had visited so unsuccessfully in 
the morning, and had our five dogs ut 
points in different parts of the field in ^ve 
minutes after we got over the fence. The 
sport grew better and better, fresh birds 
coming in from the prairie continually. 
We continued shooting as lone as we could 
see, and when it became too dark to shoot 
longer, we went back to the house, about 
half a mile ofT, witii sixty birds, which, 
divided among four, made a load of about 


rwffTB M^rvlt^ 


•-ftve poitnds to ftii^k whi«h. with 
I liid ntbur t*qui|jtiii'iitK, wah ns much 
^ ws railed to airry, irith tliv ttit!rciiiy 

I ill^U jrct up with i i^od di?nl of 
^Ideh is Apt to coiiftisfl a Df'W 

jir«^.i so tliat 1 good 

A Werv -iro*o a biijjKy 

fox i. ..J ;■ ^^ t'orly miifcs, 

wilh OIK? »lo^ hundrcKj 

W' wiiU the fltnie 

! birlft were in 

tlo^kis «iiii |P»l oji (jtjjtc ^rild ; in 
i-rrrr a Itttlr Ki!1^ w<? fctjirtcfl n ilock 
if tV r 4s ; thor rose in n 

twailil I Ifrtng both bamis 

isto Uaui t hroe Mkh tho 

firvt »ti4 ^ 'Hd barrcL 

TUf i^i ?i>fin, \vhtii fulj grown 
[ t ..•atbcfvl, irn»opie will oirry i^lF 

L lu^' ov '' ' T, without flinchmgi 

tNsi ^**r flying half a 

if irU 

It m Ih' 'iui<j ^]L»ortpracn that 

bM ' wcr of withholding 

■««t " H^ snpposBd to do, 

r« Ikm, not s««n iuj thmg 

r mi Ihix |Mjint 
n^ lEFcmAC iit a bird of Terj irtrong 
vnd whcttj thry are pJcnty, dogs 
mj tft^Iy broken on tl^cm. We 
B^rrrml times Been taken into the 
^ teiltn, wtiM in the momtnf^ had 

•ifti or v< 
pemtA. 'I 

ise, which be- 

Sty Ktanch on 

^ - veTer. high 

nnrity of 

I J any mij/i-i" 
\ nfid adtiaitJon. 
Wff imre had a brace of pobtcr pnifie 
i wwt aliotil ^i^ monthi old wbin 
laioii Ibr ftliooting oofSfMnetd.^ 
the l^th of July we took them 
\ Id tm hew tlioy w<jij!d Ix'hjivi*. Tht'y 
r i«?«Ti gsrni^^ nor b*d they been 
oC tlMi city. W** pii( Ihf^m in the 
^ dfotr al»out 1 ' > 1 1 of town, 

ped at a (r, nd which 

ttmB wb^ffe K«r*i- ^^cr n^tiaMy to 
Bid. Whilii Ikxtcning our horm; in 
bed* thi! dogm klrppud away, nor 
11V Snd Ihvm aitrr «Ofiie EMfMirrh 
tba hiHiap. We wwit towardn ttua 
ami faw the dO|;:« atiout half a 

gd Iq ihn T^rrLir>t< 

Wa aiB 
iardljr \- 
I al a Utoi p 

Apparently at a 

Ui tsk thvto. ftiid 

r?**, when wo 

' l1 baeking 

. t^II-tmJiiea 

mik \ They kept 

their stand till we fCiw^hed tlieni, and did 
not inOTe until w^ steppt^i ii^ k'loro them 
and put up thf? bird's^ a oovcy of biiif- 
grown grouse. Th**n the pnppieis brokv in 
and clmsLvl but wen* cwjiily n*Citlle«h 

ThohediJ^'HFuIfillNl their early promise, 
and were n '1 broec while \\wj 

hved; not 1 for they died iit 

three ynnrK .-Mi [<v jjui«>n, futiuinisteml 
by Borne ruffian^ under the ordt^rw of 
meaner niiTiJinft mHI j tbt* Corporation of 
a woU known Weatt-rn city j which per- 
mits drinking shops and pnibJing iiou&es 
and dens of debauchery, but pmhibit^ 
do^i?. Ell than* and rowdi^ bate totes, 
but dog:^ have not. 

Wo once tried the enpertment of keep- 
ing grouse m confiiieinentj but met wilh 
Tery indifflTcnt suct^jiH, We pnrchftiNtHl 
one^ winter neaj a hnntlreel of ihew; bird^a, 
whieh had bt?en caught in traps, aliTe, 
We put them in a lar^c upj>er Jofl* or 
garret, about t^rerity I'eet wide and fi(Vy 
long ; the entrance \i t^ gunrdeil by hang- 
ing up a Bail before the (hifir. which td- 
1ow<k1 \m to peep tbron;^h a hole and 
watch ihc habits and cot»duct of our pris- 
oners. They would CAt fjvely of gmin, 
and drink like common fionltry, «Uhotigh 
Wilwn telU us Ifiey ni^ver drink in cap^ 
tivity, nor, as lie bdiere^ in thcfr wild 
fitate either. They seemed very pugna- 
cioiia in their habiN^ fu>rj fuij|r^ht among 
themselres constantly. Not, however, 
like game cocks, two individuals having a 
fair Ptand-up fi^ht, to see which was the 
better bird but in a dilfcrent fashion. 
One cock wouM gire the on« fwjtt him a 
blow with htg bill, he wouid bit the neit j 
number three would pa^ it to mimber 
four, and in a minute there would be a 
general lk'ld-ii|rht. in the eoui*sc of which 
lomo woutd olVn h*.t killed, it mscm- 
bled an Irish shindy, where every Paddy 
li Bciieod with an in^ne denire to break 
his neigh bor^t hm/L Then at a aignat 
known to thems«lT«af they would all take 
wing) and fly againnt the'noof with such 
violence an to break theii neckj. To 
prevent this, we clippecl their wingi, 
which pn»t**nteti some of Wmr mo&t an* 
pirinir IhghtH^ btit did not atop Iheir 

More or lens of them died daily, nnttl 
by spring our atook was redueetf to one 
old o^k, a veteran who had survived all 
the hartUbipfi of eapUvKy, and daiMpini 
of battle ; % iort of WcJhngtoni wEm 
nothing Cfiuld kilt though be was i>ediieail 
to skin, bgiK' an^l foatbert. Otm w« r^ 
Isaaed from the houM^-tops and In «p«ta of 
bit amaioiatod eondition he took a bee lina 
hf the prairie, wliei^ wt hatt no doubt 


Some Western Birds. 


lie arrived in safety, and astonished tho 
feathered people with his captivity and 

A preat difference of ojnnion exijits 
with rejrard to the merits of the pinnated 
IDjouse as an article of food. Most people 
will tell you that *• prairie lu*ns are 
mifrhty poor eatinjr," while the favored 
few who have eaten these birds under the 
proper conditions, will say that there is 
nothinjr wearing feathers, be it canvas- 
back duck, or ()ctol)cr woodcock, that is 
sui>erior to it. Cookin?; makes the differ- 
ence. While the grouse is yet younpr, 
and white of flesh, smy till the first of 
St'ptemlxT, he should bo split open and 
broiled, or made into a pie. So cooked, 
he is respectible — about equal to a tamo 
chicken of the same ajre. But to eat him 
in perfection, he should be full grown and 
dark-lleshed, say in November. Should 
Ijc picked clean, stuffed, and roasted }>e- 
fore a quick fire, well bastwl wiCh butter, 
and above all. underdone, as you would 
cook a canvas-back. Eaten in this way, 
with wild plum jelly (a kind Providence 
has placed the wild plum and the grouso 
side by side), the bird will fulfd his des- 
tiny, and take his place at the head of 
American game. How is he generally 
cooked in hotels, boanling-houses and tho 
like? They pull off feathers and skin 
together, put him in that vile invention a 
cooking-stove, dry up all his fiuo natural 
juices, till he comes to table a mass of 
brown strings, with no more sapidity than 
so much harness leather. Subject the 
woodcock or canvas-back to such treat- 
ment, and where would be tho flavor? 
and echo answers, nowhere. 

The Sharp-tailed Grouse. — Tetrao 
•DhasiantUua, This fine bird seems to 
nave been unknown to Wilson, but Nut- 
tal gives a very good description of it; 
making its geographical limits, however, 
more narrow than they have since been 
found to bo. We had frequently been 
told by sportsmen of a distinct kind of 
grouse which inhabited the groves of 
Wisconsin; and from their description 
of the bird we supposed this to be the 

In the winter of 1842, while travelling 
in that section of country, we saw many 
of the Burr-oak grouse, as they are called 
by the inhabitants, sitting on trees by the 
road side ; not having a gun we were un- 
able to procure specimens. The next- 
summer, being in the same region, name- 
ly, the beautiful country lying between 
Milwaukie and Madison, we saw them 
a^n. Their habits reseimbled those of 
the pinnated grouse, excepting that they 

inhabited by choice, the groves instead of 
the prairie. 

The winter of 1844 being a severe one, 
with much snow, these birds came farther 
south than usual, and we procure<l several 
flnc specimens in the Chicago market. 
Two or three winters since, when the 
cold was severer than common, we have 
known them killed in the vicinity of Chi- 
cago. We also tried them repeatedly on 
the table, and found them to be superior 
iu flavor to their pinnated cousins. They 
are feathered half way down the toes, 
and their plumage generally indicates a 
northern bird. 

The Ravex — Corvus coitLX, Young 
poets of the third and fourth classes, who 
formerly alwundcd more in New England 
than at present, were wont to draw their 
illustrations from books, and commonly 
from English books. In their descriptions 
of rural scenery, you found ivy-clad cot- 
tages, with daisies enamelling the meadow; 
sky-larks were seen to soar and night- 
ingales heard to sing ; while, if their mood 
was dismal, the raven generally darkened 
with his funereal presence the tragic page. 

Now, if these votaries of the muse had 
examined for themselves, they would have 
found that the crow is the bird of ill-omen 
in New England, where the raven is not. 
Illinois, on the contrary, rejoices in the 
presence of the raven, and the crow is sel- 
dom seen; these two predatory cousins 
seldom living together. 

The researches of modem naturalists 
have established the fact, that scarcely 
any American beast, bird, or fish, is iden- 
tical with its European analogue, though 
the difference is frequently to be detected 
only by close and scientific observation. 
Thus, our raven, although to unpractised 
eyes the same as the European, has differ- 
ences of organi2:ation sufiBcient to make a 
new species. In all his habits, however, 
he is the same bird. 

Some years ago, being out shooting 
with a friend, he slightly wounded a 
young raven. Having hetird of the ease 
with which these birds may be tamed, we 
begged the life of the eaptive, and, having 
tied his legs, brought him home in the 
buggy. In a few days he entirely recov- 
enS from his wound, and became verjr 
familiar, amusing, and mischievous. IIis 
usual perch was the top of a shed, which 
stood on an alley much frequented by 
pigs, poultry, and stray dogs. Ralph 
would watch his chance, and when a pig 
came near his perch, he would alight upon 
the back of the astonished grunter, and 
ride him about, quickening his pace by 
repeated digs of his beak, and shouting 


Some Western Binh, 


his delij^ht most ▼ocifcrou.>ly. If he saw 
a do^ lyiPS ^^ ^^^^ alley pnawinj^ a bone, 
be would steal softly bl'liind him, and 
piTing him a dig in the back, fly away to 
hu perch with a mischievous chuckle, be- 
i'Stt the do^ could retaliate. The do«;3 
wuuM frequently be so much disconcertecl 
ly t^e attacks of this mysterious enemy, 
x^ t'* al>an<lon the field and the Ume to- 
gvt^icr, aoii lUlph would enjoy the spolia- 

We saw him attack a brood of young 
turkeys, probably with the purpose of 
makin;; a meal of them ; their cries, how- 
eTvr. quickl}' brought the old hen and 
pobbltT to their assistance. Ilali)h stood 
up to the turkey-cock for a round or two, 
bat was soon driren to his perch, whero 
be con?oled him>clf by scolding tlie tur- 
keys at the top of his voice as long as they 
were within sight. 

After keeping the raven about six 
monthic be became so troublesome that 
we were obliged to give him away. His 
\mM. exploit was to attack a new buggy 
which haAl been left near him, and tear 
the cushions all to pieces. 

Wilcox's Piialarope. — Tliis beautiful 
l;tlle wader was first notice<l by Wilson 
m a museum in Albany. He never saw 
tbe hvin^ bird, and Nuttal says that it is 
only a straggler in the Uuitc<l States. 

Ttn or twelve years ago a friend brought 
t;- two specimens (a malo antl female), 
wr;>"h be had shot in the vicinity of 
•'ui.-ajTO. lie had never seen the bird be- 
fore lht>ugh familiar with most of the 
Uris of this region. Having com[)ared it 
with the description in Xuttal and identi- 
fied the 5j)ecies, we went out in search of 
cure sjccimens, and succee<le<l in procur- 
1 iz half a dozen. Wc found the phala- 
r 'p**^ on the wet prairies south of the 
nty. zenerally in jKiirs, the females con- 
taining well develoj;cd i.*;:^s. This was 
a>^jut the middle of May ; but alth oiiirh 
wir have scnm them on the same frround 
aeorly every season since, we have never 
a.'-Ltrtaine'l that they liree»l heR' ; anl 
frim thf? fhort time which they stay in 
tl»'s vi<"inity, we believe that they merely 
itop here m passing to their breeding 

Thk Sand Hill Cii\nk. — Grus ca- 
na'UiuiM, Wilson supjioses this to Imj the 
young of the gruat white, or whooping 
rraoe, Qrua americuna ; whili' Nutta), 
in our opinion a better authority. de^criU'S 
itaA a distinct sfiecies. <)iirari|iiaintunce 
wiih this bird inclines us dtridedly to the 
lalter opinion. Besides the great fliM'er- 
I in size, the white crane standin*^ 
' a CmH taller, the color of the naked 

skin of the head, an'l of the bill, is sufH- 
ciently dilfereiit to mark them as distin«'t 
species. The brown crane has the head 
of a reddish brown and the bill blackish, 
while the whooping crane has the bill 
of a wax yellow, and the head orange 

Again, out of large flocks of these birds, 
which, pas>ing the summer in IllinoLs aie 
to be seen all over the State, to one hun- 
dred of the brown cranes, you would 
hardly find two of the white kind ; and. 
it seems to us, that as it resorts to our 
prairies to breed, that if it were the young 
of the whooping crane, the old white 
fathers and grandfathers would sometimes 
come west to visit their descendants ; 
especially as they can pass from the Caro- 
linas to Illinois in a few hours, and that 
free of cost ; a circumstance which is apt 
to weigh with people at a certain time of 

The brown crane arrives in Illinois in 
May, and takes up in the sloughs or 
swamps in which its favorite food alwunds ; 
for our crane resembles the Frenchman in 
this among other things, that his most 
esteemed delicacy is a fat frog. 

The nest is made in an elevated spot in 
a swamp, generally built in a tussock of 
grass, to raise it somewhat above tho 
ground. The eggs are two in number, of 
an olive green, spotted with brown, and 
about tho size of that of a goose. 

When the young are half grown, they 
are of a bluish, or slate color, and are 
very easily tamed. Though one of the 
wihlest and most wary of birds, when in a 
state of domestication it becomes so tame 
as to walk al>out tho house and feed from 
the table, which its long legs and neck 
enable it to do with ease. 

between one and two years old, tho 
crane assumes its brown color, which 
sometimes so nearly resembles the jKileago 
of the <leer. that in the lon;r grass the 
bird is (»ften mistaken for the beast. 

At the latter end of summer the crano 
a*>an»lons his reptile diet and resorting to 
the corn-fields, becomes fat and savory 
food, quite equal to the Canada jroose, and 
nearly as good a bird as the wild turkey. 

At the approach of cold weather he 
takes himself off to the South, to visit his 
p<issil>le gruiKlsire, and probable cousin. 
the whooping crane, whose melody ot 
voice our bird jwssesses in some de^ee. 

Our crane is a very vij^urous and cour- 
ageous bird, and when attacked «iefends 
itself so desjierately with his live inch 
dajrger, that we tiiiiik he would Tk* a 
match for any bird of pn*y e\c»pt the 
eagle. Of this we once had un ocular 


The JewUh Cemetery at Newport, 


proof, when we first came into the coun- 
try and were unacquainted with the habits 
of the Tarmints. Riding over the prairies 
in September, we came upon a nock of 
full-grown brown cranes, and drove within 
easy shot of them. We fired from the 
waggon at the nearest, and he fell ; the 
others took wing. We leaped from the 
waggon to secure our easy prey, when to 
our astonishment, instead of allowing him- 
self quietly to be bagged, the crane tame 
at us at the pas de charge^ with flapping 
wings and levelled beak. As the bird 
stands about four feet high, this was a 
new experience to one who had shot 
nothing larger or more formidable than 
a grouse. We gave him the second 
barrel, but either the shot. No. 8, were 
too small to penetrate his feathers, coming 
head on ; or in our haste and confusion 
wc missed him altogether. 

We now began to think that discretion 
was the better part of valor, and would have 
been willing to cry quits with Mr. Crane, 
but his dander was up, as well as his 
feathers, and \fhatever may be his affinity 
to the white crane, he certainly showed 
no white feather. There was nothing for 
i^ but a fight So we aimed a blow at 
his head with the butt of the gun, which 
he dodged, and returned with a pass of 
the long beak at our eyes. Fortunately, 
wo had taken some years before, a few 
lessons in the art of self-defence ; so we 
cleverly stopped the dagger thrust, and 
seizing the crane by the neck, af^cr a 
severe struggle succeeded in throwing 
him on the ground, and putting our knee 
on his neck. Then with a pocket knife, 
we finished him. During this time wo 
were so sorely buffeted by his wings, 

and scratched with his long claws, that 
though we came out of the fight victorious, 
we determined to be careful how we 
meddled with a sand-hill crane. 

We once saw a tamo crane whip a 
couple of good- sized dogs which had come 
into the yard where it was kept. The 
dogs attacked it on sight, but the crane 
very coolly waiting their approach, flew 
up some ten feet perpendicularly into tho 
air, and descended on their backs, deal- 
ing such savage stabs with his beak, that 
the dogs fled, howling with pain and 

A tame crane is useful about a farm as 
a destroyer of insects and vermin, as well 
is a very amusing pet. Nothing can be more 
ludicrous than its appearance as it grave- 
ly stalks with long strides behind its 
master, gesticulating in the most grotesque 
manner, and looking like a sort of feather- 
ed Don Quixote. It is, however, rather 
dangerous to children, whom, when irri- 
tated it does not hesitate to attack. 

In a wild state this cran^ has another 
Qallican habit It dances. In unfre- 
quented places, where safe from observa- 
tion, the cranes will arrange themselves 
into regular cotillons and country dances, 
and caper by the hour together, indulging 
in the most fantastic movements of the 
head and body, and presenting a most 
amusing caricature of a human danoing 
party. We once witnessed an exhibition 
of this kind from an ambush, where the 
performers were some twenty or thirty 
in number, and if we had the power of 
Cruickshank to put it on paper, you would 
agree with us that it was a sight not to be 


HOW strange it seems I These Hebrews in their grave& 
Close by the street of this fair sea-port town ; 
Silent beside the never-silent waves, 
At rest in all this moving up and down ! 

The trees are white with dust, that oV their sleep 
Wave their broad curtains in the south-wind's breath, 

While underneath such leafy tents they keep 
The long, mysterious Exodus of Death. 

And these sepulchral stones, so old and brown, 
That pave with level flan their burial-plaoe, 

An like the tablets of the JLaw, thrown down 
And broken by Moses at the mountain's base. 

16M.] The JewUk Cemetery at Newport. 81 

The very names recorded here are strange, 

Of foreign accent, and of different climes ; 
Alvares Mod Rivera interchange 

With Abraham and Jacob of old times. 

*' Blessed be God! for he created Death ! » 
The moamers said : " and Death is rest and peace." 

Then added, in the certainty of &ith : 
" And giveth Life, that never more shall cease." 

Closed are the portals of their Synagogue, 

No Psalms of David now the silence break. 
No Rabbi reads the ancient Decalogue 

In the grand dialect the Prophets spake. 

Gone are the living, but the dead remain, 

And not neglected, for a hand unseen, 
Scattering its bounty, like a summer rain. 

Still keeps their graves and their remembrance green. 

How came they here ? What burst of Christian hate ; 

What persecution, merciless, and blind, 
Drove o'er the sea, — that desert, desolate — 

These Ishmaels and Hagars of mankind ? 

They lived in narrow streets and lanes obscure, 

Ghetto or Judenstrass, in mirk and mire ; 
Taught in the school of patience to endure 

The life of anguish and the death of fire. 

All their lives long, with the unleavened bread 

And bitter herlM of exile and its fears. 
The wasting famine of the heart they fed, 

And slaked its thirst with marah of their tears. 

Anathema maranatha ! was the cry 
That rang from town to town, from street to street ; 

At every gate the accursed Mordocai 
Was mocked, and jeered, and spumed by Ctiristian feet. 

Pride and humiliation hand in hand V 

Walked with them through the world, where'er they went : 

Trampled and beaten were Uicy as the sand, 
And yet unshaken as the continent. 

For in the back-ground, figures vague and vast. 

Of patriarchs and of prophets rose sublime, 
And all the great traditions of the Past 

They saw reflected in the coming time. 

And thus for ever with reverted look, 

The mvstic volume of the world they read. 
Spelling It backward like a Hebrew book, 

Till Life became a Legend of the Dead. 

But ah ! what once has been shall be no more ! 

The groaning earth in travail and in pain 
Brings forth its races, but does not restore, 

And the dead nations never rise again. 




THE true, full life of plants may be said 
to begin and to end with their period of 
blooming. Whilst trees do not blossom 
until manj years have passed over their 
lofty heads — the fir-tree and the beech, 
for instance, seldom before the fiftieth 
year — the humbler plants look upon the 
time when they are crowned with flow- 
ers as the happiest — and last, of their ex- 
istendc. It comes, with some, after a short 
year, whilst the Agave Americana lives 
many, though not quite a hundred years, 
without ever flowering. Then it produces, 
with amazing rapidity an innumerable 
host of flowers, growing almost visibl}', 
until it has unfolded its magnificent can- 
delabrum of nearly 50 f^t high, and then 
it perishes. So also the beautiful Tallipot 
palm : it grows and flourishes, and forms 
a vast crown of broad leaves at a great 
. height ; then only it flowers for the first 
time, produces its seed and dies ; so true 
is it, that 

•• He bids e*ch flower hb quickening word oboj. 
Or to each lingering bloom enjoins delay.^ 

Plants, however, have not only their 
age of blooming, but also their season. 
Whilst most of them open their bright 
chalices in spring or midsummer, when 
^' the sun smiles on the earth and the exu- 
berant earth returns the smile in flowers," 
others do not bloom until fall or even win- 
ter. The autumnal crocus, which gives 
us safiron, blooms not until almost all the 
other flowers are gone. The black helle- 
bore sends its pale green flowers as a 
Christmas present, and the fn^ant black- 
thorn blossoms, while the cold north-east 
winds blow, in spite of cold and frost. The 
vernal crocus sends up its golden cups in 
early March, however cold it may be in 
the reign of what Ck)leridge calls '^the 
dark, frieze-coated, hoarse, teetlwshattering 
month," and the silvery almond flower 
blooms on a leafless bough. Nay, the 
very hour of blooming is appointed to 
plants with mysterious accuracy. A few 
years ago I went to see near Upsala, the 
cottage of old Linn6, the father of modem 
botany, and among all the precious relics 
carefully preserved, there was no token of 
the pious reverence with which his coun- 
trymen honor his name, more touching 
than his floral clock. In a half circle, 
carefully arranged around his writing ta- 
ble, stood a number of plants which open- 
ed their flowers each at a certain moment^ 

so that they revealed at a glance to the 
great master, the hour of the day, with 
unerring precision. For, as every bird 
has his hour when he awakes, and sends 
up his hymn to praise his Maker, so every 
flower also has its time. They open com- 
monly to the light, some in the morning, 
closing at night, whilst others will not 
open at all except in clear bright weather. 
The degree of light which they require, 
determines mostly the hour of the day at . 
which they will unfold their beauty. Thus 
the daisy, like a true day's eye, opens its 
white and crimson-tipped star to meet the 
early beams of the morning sun ; and the 
moming-gloiy closes its sweet-scented 
flowers before the sun has risen high; 
the dandelion opens at half-past five, and 
closes at nine ; the scarlet pimpernel waits 
patiently until mid-day, and dreads rain 
so anxiously that it folds quickly up, even 
before the impending shower, and remains 
closed during the passage of a cloud. 
Hence its name of the ^' poor man's wea- 
therglass." Others love late hours : the 
evening primrose opens its golden eyes in 
the sweet hour of eve, and retires before 
the glare of day. The brilliant while 
lotus, opening when the sun rises, and 
closing when he sets, still loves shade so 
well, that, when it has no shelter to 
screen it, it folds up its pure leaves as soon 
as the sun reaches the zenith, as though 
unable to endure the too ardent rays of 
the luminary that called it mto life. There 
are, on the other hand, also bats and owls 
found among plants, wide awake all night 
long. The convolvulus of the tropk» 
blooms only at night, and so ddcs the 
magnificent cactus, the large flowered 
torch-thistle. Late in the 6ilent night, 
when all other flowers are sleeping, this 
strange plant, with its dry, bare stem, un- 
folds its gorgeous, vanilla-scented flowers. 
There are few others known of greater 
beauty ; they sometimes measure a foot 
in diameter, and when several of these 
magnificent creatures are open at once, 
upon the same plant, they seem like stars 
shining out in all their lustre, and veri- 
fying the poet's assertion, that 

** Darkneos shows ns a world of light 
We never see by day." 

But it is a short glory indeed : at mid- 
' night they are fully blown, and as soon 
as tiie morning dawns upon them, th^ 
fold up ihmr channs, anid a few hoars 


A Bieffrtg)ktf—Part II. 


' tliiy arv ilfCftfed T«ivio^ not i tnuse 
if Ihcir JEV||«^otM mat^ |i«Hmd thm». 
Kirt ftlt pUt)t3E, it ij( well known, h<ire 
' to gaze* trri im with gtmtk*. child* 
iryicuj'' tKr fcPTt^ JUid ulli^l plauti 
J feed without npparcntly bloom- 
flrst Where Oroy o<^!itr, hovrcTcr, 
i^fbid tlifl mriety of their color ?;iir|!AS8- 
Qnlj hf that nf their *»h«|>e. The 
|MfSl e«li>r» occur in Alpine f»ltJit& 
vWa filing fiowers nkirt th«J et^mftl 
hmki il w AOicnig thi*sc thut we wwifX 
IbqIe Ibrlbtf Mell^^t liky-hliie, thf^ ptirest 
MiiW whitgt, tad the m'lgt Wiiutiful rxm^- 
dlsTt nnttt we re««h thi? very glory of 
tezuT ^ Icodrofift raniibf^ & bii^i % 

■mi rtioml fmoiF-corered peaks, 

Wf ll^r fikfck tlw ^owerfl of the pTjiin look 
IsiMtro ■atd vt^nttL Bui they hn^e no 
r, frigrmnar bcin}; fnv<-'n ta tho chil- 
oC thi low Ian*iH orify. 80 with 
4l b not pmwi beauty that ts moHt 
iljr ; lit«v bi a fur more potent eh arm 
illieinrco' '' thai mirrotindB the 
Tit»e^* *re liifTer* 
I Ibr Wi ^ ;. i» L * . , ..ecm 1; to have wished 
RAte tlie North frir the ftbwiKJCI 
r fny isolam, by givnii^ HWiTt odors io 
^ of planiA. l'hti« the hi»n- 
t^A 1h IhriH. anj[nritic ermngh, to 
ite litxury ; is 
' li road the frtJit- 

of Urn gulden furxe i tho 

I «Eh&icti hi <^arly BpHng % Kweet 
, tnd this pine \% &romatic 

I ^bivao^ (o it* gfaicscftil done, Scmie 

rba-Vi ritjt Mlor*. The tnr- 

t on «kr t4k«i8 >te tiiuiJ9 from 

rr tuilrir*, und whie^h is Tiioro 

I tltf^ ftet in diftmctcr. ha^^ an nnimal 

ill, dttKhr re<ini»blJng thttt of heeC and 

I MMbUm frisi^A^ciowl Hmell^ f^> »tr<>ni,^- 

«f apoM mi«l, Utftt it attrfi^U the 

■ "' fy, vA tempt* tt to deponit 

I^H^IlMfCl^ fta if It wern f-nrrbn. Vm^ 

'aoi efri' 

BllKul^•lld Ktoikiokr loeiiKt^ which n%- 

f B milt! e w>t«JTS ttn4 tiTt'ffitfi! tf> munT 

i:liL f- fm'- 

bcii b k: ^H'ml 

rlj -tlv t" fiUraf t 

> ft.Ti vbere a table is 

• u»rini. il r'* well known that 

II fliiftU wh*t they watU to f>jit, 
lil ti a mdjgiotif diiitannr^, and aji Na- 
• dlU W t£ur itndl Ibti vulture and 
! buaaird t0 ptfform th^f ^1-u 

KlriMft «fi}o^iiMnvi 
rirtjiliy M, WItC ajibfh: 
Jy devdofitfl m 


tinted, and his brave heart nearly failed 
him. felt his hope« revivf?d and his cour- 
age restored Hj the sweet odor of gasa** 
fras^ which the land-bree^sc brought upon 
itswbgs from the distant shores of the 
New World, 

The oddest ehipes of flowers are prolw- 
bly found imong the Orchid acem of this 
Oontitient^ whoso (lowerRj Hdh tn every 
shade and variety of color, portray tii 
their extraordinary formation almost the 
entire scope of animated nature. Jieaats, 
birds, and ftihes. Some represent a hel- 
met wnth ita visor up ; others lot'*k like 
ants and larger insects. The l)e<j, the fly, 
the spider and the lizard, are each accu- 
rately copied in gonie ranetios; one looks 
for all the life like a dove, and is irr<?ver- 
ently calletl the Ilojy Ghost ; and another 
resembles a large and beautiful butterfly 
BO closely %% to deceive even the instinct 
of birds. 

It is perhaps one of the most cfirious, 
anti, ai yet, most mysterious leatures in 
the life of plants^ that the appearanci? of 
flowers is in some mstanees accotit panted 
by very remarkable phenomena. In many 
of our creeprs^ in the lilies and the com- 
mon gourd, a kind of ffcver-heat ta per- 
ceptible it the ttTDc of inflore«oenoe. 
Somf times it apfpearK in fjaroxy^m^^, then 
a^in it rises and faljs re^darly, and so 
distinctly I that in one plant, whiah has 
perhaps only l>oen subjected to more care- 
ful obserrations than others^ the beat hid 
been nolbed to inercai^c daily from 00 to 
IIO^ or even 120 degrees, and tlion agnin 
to fall to the temperature of the atmos- 
phere. Some have thought that this very 
striking peculiarity of certain flowei^ 
might bo conm»cleti with the power of 
other* to emit light* The gf^ntle daugh- 
ter of Lmn^, when walking on a dry, 
mittry sonimer evening through her f^ 
ther's green-^house^ first observed flaiihes 
of phMKphofi?«ct?nt light on % few pltnts, 
Sitiop then morn have lieen obeerved to be 
go endowed, aud the common nasturtium 
of our gardens, if plucked at the time of 
a bright sunshine, and at once oarrkd 
into a flark room^ will become irisible to 
the eye, after it has nsited awhile, by a 
gentip light emittetJ from Us li^ftTea. In 
fact, most of uiir yellow or orange-colortid 
flower*, oar mangold and monk^ht'Mxl, 

rveniOgs ^ive nut 
< hf' fom* of icpark^ 

tola UiAt Odniiilff 

imii, wh*t|j \ixn ttn-kv tiui' 

will iu trifnTi 
light, ami }ff^ 

at <lther^ in ,: - r hnl mnr,* f* 

fflow. In a few f.l.j.,^:. ; oi ; ■• -! .i 
I* not limited to til'' J' '^vir , ^ 
mon to all leaves. ThuH 1; 
' rrreping along tho roof of 
an »tr of endaantuwnt to ihtiu, l-v 

A Bio^raph^—PSrt 


soft Mid cknr lig!it tb<?y diffuse, while 
^totlier pTani, abounding in tlte jung1<^ 
of the Madura dii^trict in the East In^iics^ 
gives an cxtraordinarilj vivid li^ht which 
illumirjates the ground around it for»3nie 

£qimt1y striking and peculiar is the 
clear^ loud sound with which the (lajs/.!mg 
white flower of certain pahn-tfLHiS opens— 
a fiouud already noticed in times of antj- 
quity^as we Icam from Pindar, who speaks 
of the iseai^oii, when " the first opening 
shoot of the datepalm proclajnts the arri- 
val of balmy spring," This, however, 
sccfns to be the onlj exception to the gen- 
eral stillness, with which Nature pro- 
ceeds in her work, ever showing how calm 
and unpretending the growth of every 
tiling beautiful m in God^s visible world. 
It m a frequent remark that '' we never 
heai a roso opening or a tulip shooting 
forth iu gorffeous colors," and yet of the 
same {|uict flowers it wa$ ^id : Consider 
the lilies of the field : I saj unto you^ 
that Sobmon in all his glory waij not ai^ 
rayed like one of the^ ! 

When the beauty of flowers b gone^ 
their leaves drop quietly, silently to the 
ground 5 but a part of the flower always 
remains, attached to the 8tem^ and this 
contains the fruit or the sc^ds of the ptant 
by which it continues its existence and 
reproduces itself. It is in the process of 
preparing these parts that plants show 
most distinctly how well they know what 
time of the year it ts^ In autumn they 
feel that winter is coming, and prepare for 
jtj by compietiiig all the necessary pro- 
cesses with far greater activity than they 
haft shown at any other p(erio<l of their 
life. It is, of course, not an innate con- 
sciousness of the season, that impels them 
to do so, but an extremely delicate and 
now much heightened perception of out- 
wanl influences^ inappreciable to our less 
refined senses. The production of «eoda 
hi the great end of the life of the majority 
of plants^ though not of trees and all 
those who live for many yearii But the 
humbler plants see in it the great pur- 
pose of their live^: for th^s they have 
grown and worked and lived, for this they 
have unfolded the whole rich apparatus 
of flowers^ and now their best cares arc 
bestowed upon the ripening fruiL No 
precaution is neglected to preserve it i the 
little capsules which bold tho precious 
seed offutnre generations, are surrouudod 
with thorns^ or covered with down, cased 
in I leather, buried m Urge masses of suc- 
culent tlesh, or carefully packed away in 
UapJ, ai( -tight Hhcllsi. A mother <!ould 
not liave better care for the cradle of her 

beloved one. Then when the seed is ripe, 
and has to be turned out into the wide 
world to seek a resting-place and a home, 
it is furnished with a crest of f^thci^ or 
in trusted to a tiny embarkation. Nature 
gives it winp to Jfy with or a boat to 
swim in. And so admirably is the minute 
grain protected, that the smallest have 
often survived for centuries. Raspberry - 
seeds^ it is well known^ have been found 
in a barrow* thirty feet deep, alongjside 
with coins of the Emperor Hadrian, and 
yet^ when sown, they have borne fruit 
The pyramids of the Pharaohs ar^ crum- 
bling into dustf but grains of wheat^ found 
in their interior and once more intrusted 
to the tender care of their mother earthy 
have joyously sprouted and made an am- 
ple return. 

The fniit undergoes, of all parts of the 
plant, perhaps the largest number of re- 
markable changes^ even after it hajj al- 
ready reached its full sizi^ and complete 
shape. Acid, whilst growing, it bi'comes 
sweet as it ripens^ and is sngarj- when per- 
fectly mature* Fermentation makes it 
vinous, and^ dried up, it turns sour or bit- 
ter. Fruits vary in taste, apparenUy to 
suit, by the kindness of an AH- wise 
Providence, the changing wants of man. 
During the oppres^ivo heat of bumnier. 
nafture ripens for him juicy and refreshing 
cherries, peaches and melons v the mori^ 
sugary figs and mulberries di,sappcari with 
the former^ as fast as the bright days tff^t 
produced them* When the warm Min is 
lea^^ing us and cold chdls begin to threaten, 
more vinous fruits ripen^ liko pears and 
applea^ with their warm^ nutritious juice* 
At last, when autumn aJreidy veils the 
sun in cold misi^ and cuts ojf its warmth 
from US by dark clouds, the grafie grves 
us. in its fermented juice, the most pow- 
erful cordial. Winter brings oily and 
farinaceous nuts, almonds, and olives, 
which keep long and warm well. Still it 
must not ne forgotten that those fruits 
which are, so to speak* necessaries of life, 
the wheat of the North, and the date, 
cocoanut and breadfruit of the South, are 
constantly found in aU stages of devulop* 
ment and last longer than a short ^a^rm. 

But fruits do more \ they actually tell 
ua when they are ripe and wish t*> bo 
gathertHJ. They mostly change their 
color for this puipose : as long as they 
are unri|ie, they are green like the kavea^ 
among which they are concealof!, or r^.Hi* 
di^h liko the bark to which they doscly 
adhere^ a:j is the case with plums. As 
they approach jnaturily* they assume 
brighter c«jloni* si> tliat tha "rcry change 
annouuces them to be ripo, and their ridi 


,W(M,J^low or hUck, invito^ tbosw? 
' Bfe me tJiej ircre intcndcti Dthcrs 
lo US hj th^rir Kmell— and some 
I 1^ cwtr fir* Thp rhmtrmMmrr smps 
Illlitll9f«i nir, ^ ' s are 

l^liiy cM in ii siri<1 

iKdhllfifw t' ' •-' I car At- 

■Mflitffv. Mt ^trikcii 

flMpmimi ^'^<' ^"^ M '"-'I' tlie ^otmrl 

^Nari Jbr roany milc-rt. Oihcr rniits of 
fUnm^ wkbh^ iiTittl ripe, ire re liid unJcr 
1^ pfo^jeeting screen of Jiroatl Ic^tcs, 

0*1 n^ ^t m fi(?«n 

to litn^ , Among 

ftt i»tlttr notiir iirt; |x'r)i4|t?^ nrirt; curious 
fcfl the iMit^crali of the Wtst fndjcii. 
fbtfj^ are cxc.TV4liiip;l y f^m^l of lh«itj uuts, 
H^ v^l k id TJiifi f'lr th^tn to look ii|i bo 
llieic' ii«iin cJin but r^rt'ly 

^ If HngE the din net' 
I vh4-Ti nu i< nn<jv\ And ili niplit fftil« 
■Vy gt^iwinanfU an> stH^n lo nish 
let to tliv $cmsi to wbM] they h&vo 
I fltnliiUjr mTttcd* 

m h the 

hilii* thaniwiTis in 

Mtfr, The p-ASs 

t<1e(h, now un- 

'\v for want of 

killps pvtn tht* 


■:iiti, with' 
kl Ail th(?y 
nCM j^>at- 
ii^'U the 
« im- 
'it^ to 

■ .%>iOfl 

p iU thadi*, v. 
the li^ 
I Jfar etl, U'biin th^ wmd \m^^a. over 
dbenip And tboy an* gt>nc, Aud the place 
Uivfwif know4 ibifM no m**ri», Ann the 
fiae M drird tip, and the fig-tree lAn- 
btCiii the poflnegrmimte, the p%ftn-tr^ 
. t cad Um •iipMnOi cren ill the trees 
rUieMilireiHtKc^. V -^ t 

^ aliao rtvn Ute j. 
TmulbrC for tlie t»rc«>r l 

ifbrtbe foCtitt? Th* aib 

, m ikiep dti rich 

Afifti »l^t l^^4 fr*|UjU iluS t>A do* 

ffoibed ^lory of fk% whofi tb© j^rasse? 
take tbctr humble ru&set girb, ind the 
ttiftple wcJirs itn *' gtirgeona enmson robe 
like an Orientd monirch/* For Icft'res 
also change — some only is the ermine 
whitening m the cold seison, or as birds 
who chuifs their plumage in winter; 
such are the evergreens ; others diange to 
Uve no more ; as mnn does, before he alw 
retumi, dust to dust. Their hrijrbt green 
grows ptt!e. their rfgor decllncH, their del** 
cate tracery, that bad go often made tis 
marre! and worship the. hand tlmt made 
them, is effftced, and no longer Pf?rves to 
ptss the lifeblood of the tree* Then they 
shrink and shrirel, iboy flutter awhile 
anxiously on their tender leafstalka, as if 
reluctant to leave thejr sweet snmmep 
home, and then comes the rude boii^tcrous 
gale^ and t£4rs them for ever from the 
parent tree. ** The bare skeleton of the 
tree tjccomes trinspirent, rtsinp in spec- 
tral grandeur, m it stretches, full of woa, 
its bafe branches agfttnst tlic c^^dd eveninj^ 
sky, and rattles in the iirrce teinpefit, A 
new, ghastly light is shining tbronjrh its 
stripped anatomy,. And it is a light, oti 
with man — the name light of heavtjjt. 
which in the waning lustre of life makei 
his spirit become Jovelicr ever j hour, p?- 
ing him a stiblimer fsiitlk a bngbtcr hope, 
a kindlier sympathy, a gentler resignji- 
tion. Like the autunm leaf, he also g}mv^ 
into decay, and kindloH into ilt-atli. 'Hie 
Bun of another world, already rl^eri up- 
on hiR eoulj though human eyes cannot wv 
hold it, bums through the delimie tejt- 
ture of his thought.*;, feelinjj:s and desire% 
and sliines, already hcri? on eaithT in nil 
th*^ r^diatiey of truth^ hope &nfl pcaac." 

VAficd, therefore^ as the.'sr* "'"^ tinj** 
of plnnt)^ K it hm Its flxei iik 

term. Not alt leaveii fa)] al U;. ...;,.. :jue. 
The pi no' tree keepg its leaves two or four 
years j the llr and jcpruee clumge only 
every Icn years; Rome tree« drop annurnT- 
ly certain bmnchet*. The dead foliifc of 
aome imkn clings to tbem^ loni; &fVr all 
others have been gw«?pt away, tmd the 
yon Off elm waits all winter idid drop* not 
a leaf until its sueeejsor pusbcjc it out of 
it^ n^i^ting-filace. Some fall to form a*ofl 
litter beneath ; others rtmiain to iffortl 
shelter in bleak winter, But no art of 
man imn arrest the falhn|? k'pfwben it* 

dfir ^' ' •^^, Artificial bi'ttl^ removal lo 

a 1 1 ate and great cire may une- 

e- 1 jing out new crops Jifmo^i, 

wi '— hut the proccHs tixliEitHt* 

tin [ilAnt4 nod it di**^ a prematiifo 

death. Stiil even the decay c<! leaf i^ not 
limt, U enricbea the toil, and fall pro* 
duoet 9^i»gf tho dying leaves helping to 


A Bioffrmphy — Part IL 


bring forth the bright vcrtlure of the com- 
ing year. The generiil wgnal for tho 
gbedding of 1*?»vl'S Ils the maturity of the 
aeed^ that greatest purpose of the life of 
plftnts otK^ iLCCompJbheii thej die,, or at 
leasts rest for a season. Thus death comes 
to some after a few days j bushes and low 
trees keep their seeds during the winter^ 
welcome food for starTing birds ; and the 
huaibk chickweed brings forth seed seven 
or eight timeia a year, not i\:?sling even 
during winter, and keeps open table for 
mimy a Liny wren or hungry sparrow ; 
showing ua onoe more Providence so 
much greater, as its creature is feebler. 

This kind of decay excepted, plants, it is 
though t^ are not subject to the deatruc- 
live oijeration of internal causes ; vegeta- 
ble life succumbs to outward iiifiut'nccs 
only* The vitality of tret?s is certainly 
ftkaost incredible. N o k f nd of m u ti I atiou 
am, apparenlly, destroy them. Who haa 
not seen old willow trces^ adhering but 
with & small portion of their bark, to their 
roots, ftnd yet continuing to live and to 
perform their duty ? How beautifully 
does not the chestnut of our own noble 
forests send out a crown of young shoots 
to hide the vacaut ^paco where once it 
reared its mighty gtem ? The whole vi- 
tality of the inner wood raay^ in fact, be 
destroyed ; if only some layers of the bark 
suTYivej the tree will vegetate with undi- 
minished vigor, and continue its life for 
an almost unlimited period. They will^ 
in very old age, lose some of their height 
by decay at the top, for it seems as if the 
sap could no longer ascend the whole 
height from the deeply buried roots to the 
lofty crown, but they continue stiU to in- 
crease in girth* and patiently wait for the 
stroke of the axe or the fierce rage of the 
temj^cfit. Thus it is that England boasts 
of many a yew or an oak tree, that has 
survived the massive church, by the side 
of which it was planted j and^ spring after 
spring J yet shelters the ruins of its once 
so proud companion, with its dark, rc- 
fireshini verdure. The tender leaf even 
resists m its fragile texturOj the winds and 
rains, the burning sun and the nipping 
cold of a whole season h Greek and Bo- 
man sepulchres^ stately palaces and lofty 
monumeuLs over the graves of the great 
and the renowned, have dlsappCM^ ; 
nolhiDg is led to mark the place where 
they once stood, but the dark cypresses 
that saw them rise, and overshadowed 
ihem for age& 

But even after death, plants live on, as 
it wer^ and are useful to man. Vast 
tracts of heatK, covering large, low basins^ 
^nd formod by the annual accumulation 

of vegetable iuatt(?r, which in water be* 
comes to a certain decree djeeom posed or 
carbonij.ed, finally pn>ducc those Jjlack- 
ened remains of plants which we c^dl 

Or extensive forests, covering viilbys, 
and hillsides, are o ver flood ed, and the up- 
rooted trees form a gigantic barrier, which 
previints the flowing off of the waters. 
An extensive marsh is foruied^ particular- 
ly well adapted for the growth of various 
kinds of mosses- As they perish they 
are succeeded by others, and so for gene- 
rations in unceasing life and labor, unttlj 
in the course of time, the bottom, under 
the influence of decay imd the presssure 
from above, becomes turf. Far below 
Jbs hard coal 5 the upper part is light and 
spongy. At various depths, but some- 
times as much as twenty feet below the 
surfa^ie, an abundance of bogwood is found, 
consisting mostly of oak, bard ajid bla^k 
as ebony J or of the rich chocolate colored 
wood of the yew. Such ancient fortes ts 
eveiy now and then rise in awe- inspiring 
majesty from their grave. The whole 
city of Hamburg, its harbor, and broad 
tracts of land around it, rests upon a 
sunken forest^ which is now buried at aa 
immense depth below the surface. It 
contains mostly limes and oaks^ but must 
also have abounded with hazel-woodsj for 
thousands of ba%e!<nuts are brought to 
light by every exeavation, not exactly 
made for nuts. Our own city of New* 
Orleans, it has been recently discoveredj 
is built upon the most magnifoent founda- 
tion on which city ever rose. It was the 
boast of Venice, that her marble palaces 
rested in the waters of the •idriatic on 
piles of costly wood, which now serve to 
pay the debts of her degeuerale sons, but 
our Venice has not less than three tiers 
of gigantic trees beneath it. They all 
stand uprigEt, one upon another, with 
their roots spread out as they grew, and 
the great Sir Charles Ijyell expresses his 
Wid' that It roust have taken at least 
eighteen Tiundred 3*eaj-s to fill up the 
chasm, since one tier had to rot away to 
a level with the bottom of the swamp be- 
fore the upper tier could grow on it \ 

But thcTe is stiU another v^table 
world buried l»encath our feet. For the 
trees of so-called prinjcval forests, bt^lo ag- 
ing to a period of hoary antiquity, and far 
surpassing in exuberance the rankest 
tropical jungles of our day, have not. like 
modem woods, undergt»ne decay, but are 
treoBured up in subturraniian houses 
There they were t: < 1 into ^a^t 

enduring beds of cci:l ij thei^o lat- 

ter agea has become i^ luaa um source of 

A Bio^mph^ — Pari IL 



of beAi, ftnd w««Uh. Alwmi all 
mn iriffHitk! fbm-treea, such 
ail III* wnr!'! ' - - Ujr knows no raore j 
A fcrv are ^ - > ^i-mo»s«<« of e(| uall j 

L.itvc« AT»d twigs rest 
i mother* but often entire 
I jtfttfurinL- liprin^bt^ forty to 
iOl'Iboi bigh, H '>dr FCK»ts tind 

InttdlM, droikd t of timea be- 

fOVJ tho m«ixiory of luan. 

T1iii» w« mny trace ih4< biography of 
fk^tm tlirou^i tbcMr oltJ^n brt«f but il- 
ir«y» ef ttiUitl life, fmin tho flrst iippeJir> 
tQOP of % email mteroficopic eel! to their 
lul liarjiii|$*fitic« micler our teei^ throutrh 
ifl ihm gkifiei and delkaeies of vej^tablu 
1% ^r^yn-*^ with the sofkncd juid dc* 
oijtti pnn, and tfiilin^ vnih the f^D^il 
omL Wo me that e^h pi an I has a lifo 
of iii ^vn. lliat tber« dwelU slill m each 
tiw ^ llryac] who watchcn orcr it and ^ 
Hji gftjwth, or sighs her lant 
I H dic«* Wtf obw'rve ih« l>eatjtiful 
Uiiit F.\i t^ l^etwecu all their 
mrtB aaid V- it mrtoiinds them, 

tioirliie fi I th€oi»?lTe>? to the 

iiiih oa wl tow; whtle the stom 

pim wilh ^ 1) of air that comes 

wt ijiciw Dot whciicr. The Itaves breathe 
tfat water of riTurm aod af the atmo^^phere, 
rite tm QolbldA bud and flower, &nd the 
wai al laai oouiwcU thn pilant ooce moro 
witll Iti Aatum homo, an eloquent witnes.'^ 
if aor awn blei^ed tnitnort^lity. But 
\ ia no moDiimcnt Kei by thtnr grave 
baw th«y lircfl ami what they 
Vet, they had thoir dtitics ta 
and fatthfutfy havg thc^y dono 
W«U may m^ tboti in conclusion 
for w||at purpose docs the plant 
f up, the Boi] rrT*i tind nourish i^ and 

^•athiry lun fifceiiJiitiefl 

^faaaiad bw'i. lii^v nourish man^s 
bodgr m haaJtb, tJicv rv^torr^ him in tiit^k^ 
■■»; tliej civv '^ that 

«»««» turn, t&a i^ht 

yaaja^MMl lb* v^^^^^ r^tw^^ l ..v>U his 
mam*i tbatimhar of which hm lionsvsL, 
bii fectoKi^bia iblpa ir« partly or whol* 
fy omaifiMlMi aU thaiw af« but a few 
^Iba mmf beueibi which tha Yi^gctAble 
warbl omrera itpcm matu VV^bervv^r we 
iarfiy wa iae m It our i;riaat ii*M)Uf€Q| 
ifw aor ladroada aivl our mmtH could 
■al aiii* woa wa not ituuttuni uf fon^sts. 
Wa wonbl aueoiimb to the cuUl i.«f winter, 
tei tlttC ti aeatii f a ntitritjnim otdy by the 
tiA of llw, \ ' be power 

r 11 land to 

OlVT iiic rtn»ii'i <w • iin, jf WO had 

nta farj dpilrtirtkm of plaut* 

f for their 

the wisdom lUid forethought of the Ci^ 
tor is in this alno munifr.-^t, that, whilst 
plants ini^eist and ornament the earthy ani- 
mals browse and trim them to ch«^k their 
luxuriance, so as to mdntain the whole 
fiystcm of creation in order und l*eaiitf. 
And yet this is but tho huuibleitt purpoaa 
that plants serrq on earth— the humblest 
because it onlj sadafles material require 
men'tfi, however we ourselTes may ha?e 
reflned and Tarnished them oTor. Only 
in one point of ?iew does this important 
end of their existence obtain a higher 

It is true, plants are there for man, for 
the countless poor, and God said : Thou 
Shalt eat the herb of the field. But the 
very curse of th« Aimighty has since Ijecn 
turned into a blessing from oJjove. If ho 
does labor in the swuzt of his brow, to 
eat the herb of the field— how .ibundanl- 
ly m he rewarded ! Of a mere thorn ho 
has ma/le, as if by enchant inmt. the beau- 
tiful and fragrant rose. Before he thus 
labored, the gli? e was dry «nd oSensiTef 
tho peach bitter, the pear*had but a hard, 
woody fleahj and the apple-tree was full 
of thorns^ Man labori^ &ud the thorns 
fell, the rose doubled and trebled its bril- 
liant crown, the |M*aeh and the pou- fill&d 
with perfumed juice, the oli?e liist its bit- 
terness, and the wild msHa wore qonTert- 
ed into waring fields of life-<^ustalEking 
grain. The induence which the reget^ 
ble werld thus exerdscs on the oiritita- 
tion of man, is at jet but little noticed, 
only in the great outline has it been ob- 
served, that wherever tho spontaneous 
productbns of the earth supply him wiUi 
Ibod^ he is completejy tavage-^only a de- 
gree farther advanced where he plants the 
palm and the banana— but where ^rain Ja 
nii^ principal support industry and intel- 
ligence are most perfectly developed, as 
in the temperate £One^ li is thu^^ shown 
us, that the rich heir m not the happieHt^ 
but that the child of the poor man, gifted 
with industry and indomitAblo will, haa 
far more power over prosperity. 

Modem soicnee has taught us, of UUl a 
hig^her duty and a nohler nurposa for 
which the pilant Hres, Worfcing in 
masiea they r^nlate the nutnerotia and 
QQiaprehetiaive |»hy steal firoeesaes of lb« 
earth. Theirs la the duty to ke«p tba 
atmo8{)hera dij or rooititt &.* may Dt m^ 
qtiirod. On tbem depends tlie warmth or 
the coldoan and the fertility of our soil ; 
they oltor th<» dimati, change thu oourat 
of local wbd% inereaao or diminish tha 
ouantity of raln^ an ^ '^ the rifor of 
the ieaaonji. It i^ ^ that wbola 

I fbr ooantriea and 



A Biegra^y-^Part IL 


plMits for their sole isupport, or thftt the 
life of (entire natioDis is bound up with 
ihftt of « single tree, Uke the Mauritius 
pahui but wl^le nces of men, thi^ugh 
numberless gcoeratious, ein Ut© only 
where it pleases, under Proridencc, cer- 
tain planU lo g^w and to prosper- 

Bj far the noblest and most exalted 
purpose for which planU live is, howeverj 
to iMlom the suHkce of our beautiful earthy 
and thus to mate irwuiifest to us, in their 
very existence, and in al! their thousand 
wonders, tho Ajniighty Creator of heaven 
and eartk It is in tliis aspect only that 
plants, the tj^pca of nature^ acquire their 
highest signtftcanoe. They boeomo thenj 
Itot our fri^nd^ and supporters only^ but 
our kindly teachers also. Whether we 
look down u{>on soft mosses that creep 
over the rugged rock, and the humble 
lichens wcejiing with slow oozing, or gaze 
up at the giant tree of Uie forest, every 
wher« our tniod is lifted up, in awe and 
wonder, to that Intelligence which watches 
over the destinies of the universe, and 
gives us here already a faint climpse of 
the great plan of creation and its great 

Clearly^ however, as we all feel the im* 
presaions which the vegetable world, and 
oipecmlly ttie consciouBness of thetr Ktill, 
uncling life iod labor produces upon 
our mini^ it is extremely difficult to ex- 
pUm the causes, or even to determine and 
express them in words, clearly and di^ 
tinJetty. The mere farmer, it is true, sees 
nothing but tons of hay in a fiowery 
meidoWi and m many bushels of wheat 
m ft glorious field of golden grain^tho 
m^estic fores U repre^nt to< hixn but so 
many cords of wood, and the broad- 
branched elm, in all its lovely beauty, 
shades his land, and is a nuisance. On 
the other hand^ we know that it is not 
the refined mind and the most fastidious 
taste that enjoys the beauties of the vege- 
table world most and best* The humble 
men of St. Kilda, we are told^ who went 
to pay their duty to their Lord in the 
**lar southern" island of Skye, could 
hardly proceed on their journey, because 
"the trees — fsuch beautiful thinp they 
had never seen even in their dreams — the 
trees kept pulling them back." It is, 
moreover, evidently not the mere ma.^ of 
foliage^ nor the depth and variety of color 
that affects our senses, but the almof^t 
unperoeptible and uncomsdous effect of all 
these elements together on our sou!. The 
roae doe^ not pleajjc us merely because of 
its lender glow and delicate hue^ but he« 
c^uiu our imaginatjpu connects with it 
the idea of blooming youth , and a thou* 

sand other ima^s float around this* Th© 
landscape, with its various parts and beau- 
ties, acts upon manj upon his tone of 
mind, and thus imperceptiblv upon hij 
entire inward development Ilow differ- 
ent must needs be the idea of the world 
to him who obtained his first impressions 
from the solemn^ evergreen pne woods 
of the Norths overshadowing or bordOTing 
upon deep blue lakes and vast granrto- 
strewn plains, and to the happier uianj 
whose early days passed under the bright 
leaf of the myrtle and the fragri*nt laureL 
reflecting the serene sky of the 8outh! 
Even in the same lan<!, how dilTerently is 
the mind afiected by the dark shade of a 
beech wood^ the strange sight of a few 
scattered pines on a lonely hill, sighing 
sadly in the fitful gusts of wind^ or of 
broadn, green pasture-laods. where the 
breoKe rustles gtently through the tremb- 
ling foliage of birches. Our hearts beat 
gladly and joyously when fields of flowers 
are lighted up in bright sunshine; our 
spirits droop when we sec them look sad 
and forlorn on a rainy, melancholj day, . 
Peace and quiet happiness teaeh their gen- 
tle lessons to him who dwells in fertile 
valleys, with velvet lawns on their bot- 
tom, and the sides tufted with the asbj 
the cheerful beech or the feathery junijwr, 
shaded, it may be, by the soft dark ver- 
dure of ancient yew-trees^ whose venera- 
ble trunks wctg slender saplings in the 
age when Druids worshipped there. Iden 
live not so on the boundless praine, whcro 
the wolf chases the swift crane, where 
cloud races after cloud, and the white 
man wages war against the red man. 
Free and bold, beyond all other^^ brcatbtiis 
the mountaineer, bred in the fieroOj mces- 
sant warfare with the rigor of Alpine win^ 
ters and the dangers of the chamois hunt ^ 
defying all earthly power, he looks down 
from hh lody home, proud that Liberty 
dwells on mountain heights, and that the 
foul breath of the grave does not reach up 
into the clear blue ether ai'Ound him« 

The cficct is ss varied when we take 
not the whole vast scenery of a landscape, 
but its more isolated parts. Few will 
look ujjon the ine liable beauty and sweet* 
ness of flowers, that rich jewelry with 
which heaven has adorned the bosom of 
our mother earth, without feelings of ele- 
vating and refining delight* To him who 
observes, not with his eyes only, but with 
his mind intent^ his heart idlxe^ there ts 
no resisting their unconscious unfold iug^ 
their peaceful, childliko trfi\ ilieir gentle^ 
resigned and hopeful drooping* Who has 
not in his life also some days of gay and 
sunny spdngj when he loved to look upon 


A Mkgraphf—Ba^i IZ 

hm^&M M i^car to him^ f^Il of hope? and 
kit, vbfiQ hn fell for them zmd with 
teiB* w ih«jr iroulii evvj- look fo&dJr uji^ 
vinl to tlio detf, blue heaven nbaTC, 
HiliBf «>ii the imn ih-* -^--ml them^ 
liam^ltglilljr (rDm t' : uii, nvTi<r 

Mliflg tt|i ihnkr bea;,. . >vr««t fT«< 

paMO$f mn ia pvn it forth again k^ day 
waU min nvtn hrightlir rti^^ Oh, w^U 
te it l«Mi laitl that i^acb cu|) of a dower 
li m pulpit. 9TTf^ r:irh leftf n book from 

w and f> 
tj toaUon^l Li^ 
if IW fiW'th. 

the wisdom, good- 
i ^v ho has so lavish* 
orvT 111© face 

1 rmi look up t^ 

' .^1 leafy 
it« roots 


■ittB tinn runri <hij hhi oi aik' und Tigpr. 
iril^Mt Mmg himwLf lifted up uilb iti 
IJIpttdb llcmQCm lo h- '^"- '^- 'ip^hts aud 
fmmr fctltngy, W« r. uHth the 

«liid Syfim, who wt]/ , , ., J ardiu des 
PinfeB «a«l thiir^ ''dipped \m country's 
tfia aiwi wr{kL" And »« Ihe sc&Iding 
•iWi tfiekM down the ruj^gt'd ehoek^ he 
«ia HOOT more a irstiderer rn tho dt^sortj 
lal «npi Euoh? he hrcathof), itcroia thi» 
twy MOd, the perfume from the thicket 
Ifpinif on hi^ promSst^ laud ; afain ho 
••ir afcr vHt th« palm-tree, creitiog orcr 
ihm ImhIv. htill watcTA. Mid heaH tho 
lAntfoit tmktv of thc^ dktnn^ eflioeFg bell 
uaifl bifi tears were dtkd^ hojic ag%\n 
ItfEfiad. and frc^h m^ ^M (.■mi>tiuti^ roso 
•iliiiliig antslhrii- '^ " " ^" '' ^^ are 
luiiOiMi litmmn - 1 tl y 

Bttt Ifws apeak to ub: ''Do not trees 
\a3k vHh Ihtir Tiuifv Iuhl^^? Do tliny not 
•If^wiiie, -i Uyvf anQ tho 

IMaarecu'^ ^igs. play sweet 

mamct Wha htm t^vtr lu^ard Uw soil 
wiaqpcr of jr^u^ J«iv»*^ In spritm^ on m , 
wmmj oianiini, ' nat feel &» if 

liiBbaer bcanu o: were rutinlr^ 

llirom;!! Ilia heirt i luvi ih*m. when tho 
mmaaim 0otf, hke a nun U4.>tv GwVa 
IttK" war, diackMea her licAuteoikg hca 
mm CiMf moM rawa often tht'ir cnmson 
Mpsi ipaHrlh^ villi MCttf thit fell from 
kmfiaL wlka mi not bk«x hk Makar ?<— 
wA nm aatmnii comc^ tho seasou of 
tilt aEfB e^ jcl}ow \itikt wbea wheat ta 
aiiifloldea firttu* »ri<T Uio 00m wafes 
Itodni tSMeUi nited atr H-ho 

• nvl rtaiiidBd <.H ' r dmth 7 '^ 

As wwwrj mtiMm kma iin otrn Ume and 
llivn. Ml ffTurv Hon and t^wnfj VAn«- 
ly lia« lifc peculiar echo in t!j43 heart of 
mmA* VlMrwtmnmg, hk« muxif^, with mil 
Iba fiiiD>ii9 irmii* of thought uml iina^eii 
ifftjiCf«wiU» nrety cumicivaU** Mateof 
■iod, piaala and groupa of plaiita efir 

awalteTi kindred feelings. Thero b a 
uijsttHouA affinitj between human cojh 
icrbusDe8^8 and outvrard naUire, but atill 
more tiiysU>rit>U8 i^ the Taried nuiniier in 
which this relfltjon m modified by indi- 
vidual feeling- The waring cornfield has 
ita beauties, and *o have long avenues of 
popliu^ with vinta hanging in rich fes- 
toons from tre<? to tree. Plains crjverof! 
with orange groTei and broken in by fer- 
tib slopes and yin«yartl&r di'nse forosU ofgi- 
ganticMid primeTa] growth swurniing with 
every variety of animal juid ve^etahl^^ Nfe, 
these and countless other sdent?s find each 
iU response in somo train of human emo- 
tions and affections, which, like the lyre of 
Timotheu&.they by turn f^ excite and soothe. 
Each tree that we know has ita own ex- 
presHion ; it has witoes^sed our joy or our 
grief, and wherever it meets our eye, it 
seems to murmur responses. So it js 
with larger groups. Here we see vaal 
prairies with gently waving floodjs of tip- 
dure^ full of gra^ and cheerful nei^s, thtna 
long sombre porticoes of gnarled oldstema, 
fi tan ding, as the eeilarM uf I^banon, like 
massjTepillarSj supporting Jheir ponderous 
domes. Beautiful Tme% w»th their ahort- 
lived flowers and hidden hut permanent 
thorns^ remind us of earthly pleiuiares — a 
fores tj with its sUent temple of foliagej 
raised through centuries on gigantie 
trunks^ high above man and full of peace 
and mme^ty, Gila us with nOic^^oug awe^ 
and makes us bow low and reverently 
before iht^SQ vbible tokens of the Creator J 
Rtiblime power* Even the humblcat of 
flowera bring with their sweet perfume 
rieh blea^ngs to the heart of him whofit 
hand tendn them with care. Where a 
flower opens its qtiiet, chi Id-tike eyes upoa 
us, our passions fly like evil AfMrita^ and 
he who delights in the stilly hiimh!e growth 
of delicate plants^ is not apt to harbor 
coar^ tbought?^ or fierce fecbngK, tn the 
house around which we see a tidy, well* 
kept garden, order and lieaco are apt to 
prevail, and where there is a tlower*«taiid 
outside, there is ahnost always a hook* 
ahelf within. 

In his joy and in hifl sorrow, therefore, 
man loves to surround himself with plauli 
and flowers* He crowoa the bride with 
«weet myrtlo or the pun ofange bloBHomf 
the Itttirel speak>i to hini of glory itnrl f^ 
nown, the piilm-bnindi of glorious hopnf^ 
for the future. Am! wln-n the lovinJ one 
d(^part«, ho tiim» again to the ftoif^M fif 
thoeajih and tho tFce« of tl ri» 

prieve with him and to give c \m 

Kin sorrow. Froui thu Sk>ulh Sea to um tcy 
Norths from Eajit to West, grief finda the 
iame simple but touching espienioTi* 


A Biography — Part IL 


The mourning peasant of Normandy 
burns the lowly straw bed on which his 
friend expired before his hut, and the 
round black spot, as it contrasts with the 
green turf by its side, remains long an 
humble but eloquent epitaph of him who 
left no other record behind. In peaceful 
villages we see neither gorgeous monu- 
ments, nor lofty trees rising in honor of 
the dead — and, we fear, as frequently in 
praise of the living — but, sweeter far, the 
graves are covert with green sod or 
humble flowers. "We adorn graves," 
says gentle Eveljm, "with flowers and 
redolent plants, just emblems of the life 
of man, which has been compared in Holy 
Scripture to those fading beauties, whose 
roots being buried in dishonor, rise again 
in glory." 

The Japanese deck with flowers their 
" eternal mansion," and the Turks perfo- 
rate the monumental slabs spread on those 
who shall be seen no more, in order that 
a naturalgrowth of bloom shall spring up 
through the apertures, and that the buds, 
so nourished by the grave, and set free to 
the winds of heaven, shall shed their fra- 
grance and strew their petals around the 
Moslem's "city of silence." The West- 
em traveller gazes with deep sympathy 
upon the grave of the Chinese ; it is a 
simple, conical mound of earth, but over 
it spread and twine wild roses and cover 
it with a mass of pure white blossoms, or 
it is crowned, in simple majesty, with a 
tall plant of waving grass. Our cities, 
also, now love to bury their dead where 
woods unfold their massive foliage and 
breathe an air of heaven; their better 
taste has made the green grove and the 
velvet lawn sacred to the memory of 
those that are gone to the realms of 

And what eloquent mourners are not 
trees! The dense cone of the cypress 
overshadows mournfully the Moslem's 
tomb, with its sculptured turban, and the 

terebinth keeps watch by the Armenian's 
grave. Some nations love to weep with 
the weeping birch, that most beautiful of 
forest trees, the lady of the woods, with 
boughs so pendulous and fair, or with the 
willow of Babylon, on whose branches 
the captive Israelites hung up their harps. 
They love to look upon their long, thin 
leaves and branches, as they hang lan- 
guidly down to the ground, or trail list- 
lessly on the dark waters, now waving 
full of sadness in the sighing breeze, and 
now floating in abandoned despair on the 
silent waves. Their whole dishevelled 
and disheartened aspect seems to deplore 
some great misfortune, and we can &ncy 
poor Desdemona singing how 

**Tbe poor soul Mt sighing hj a syoamore tm^ 
8ing all a green willow, 
Her hand on her bosom, ber head on her knee, 
The ft-esb streams ran by her and nonnored lier 

Her salt tears fell ft-om bcr and softened the stnaei^ 
81ng all a green wUIow most be my garland," 

for Desdemona also had a song of a wil- 
low, and she died singing the song of the 

Other nations again love not trees that 
seem to unite in sorrow with the earth 
and to carry our regrets to the dust, but 
rather cherish such as seem to lift up our 
hearts in their branches, and to raise onr 
hopes to heaven. Such are the mountain 
cypress, the lofty poplar and the sombre 
pine of the North. The latter, especially, 
with their dark but evergreen foliage, 
their balsaanic fragrance, the strange «ia 
sighs that are ever heard in their long 
boughs, and their lofty crowns, reaching 
to the very clouds, which successive sea- 
sons find' unchanged, and nothing bat 
death causes to vary, remind us of the 
only source from whence comfort comes 
for our wounded hearts, and lift up our 
eye and our heart to that God who gives 
death and gives life again to those that 
fear Him. 




(OoQttiiti«4 Hoco pttf» iu.) 


i'HEN w* kfl the cwnp th^ dciist* va- 
* por litif gvd ufl bo clo«v{y m to escetudc 
tiw BMiBUiDS from our view, nnd the 
|nip«et of mia cftmud m unu^iiml dis- 
■lij flC ien^ or hl«iiket«* Ttjc omens, 
fci ir f c r- w«f» oat ▼eriAc^i luui %\w c&uopy 
«f il0«dfimf*d A TJkT^ UiXMT^^ on the 
«ifdi. Tm oou&try trnvrrsod is rollini; 
mA flvik, mod rs if jyst from ihc H&nd 
«C tki CiiAtor, uniK»rr««l by Uie plough- 
dbiTi* Ateic tb« ro«d l&rge m»«8e8 oC 
Iptedis lit pKbddinf stotiJC. were observed ; 
Ubii itfiBftimi being probably tjitderlaid, 
m h ittCiffWl frum oocMioniil cruppings 
«a bf tJis red 6&iidAtol^«. A few sped- 
MBi of jtnwr were tXsa noticed, but 
^irf v«r» or it» TAlye except perhups as 

Osr BBarcfa t^ydtj was relieved soldo- 
wte frooi (t» finliiiary Mepiildiml ch&roc- 
l«r« bf qaw^iif •ercfml |«rtics of Mcxioiti 
trwkm. Tbe first tme ctmdsied o( m 
HBibir irf' cftrU loaded wUi flour^ and 
bvsid iir Sttia Ro»a« The fat Iter of one 
if te ftten in this ptrty w&a oaptiired list 

f«n« bjr the tolminsmg j 

lb» aMona betq^ on nk wny from Ssinta 
MoA to ntet hk lion. ThLs v^'uk (Ir^ ac* 

of huB>M'ir \\\u\x ho was 
^ bat tha saga' diptor« 

(innei r ^ ■ — with- 

out wbidi Rd Itesu^^ui trawl ii — und^iubt^ 
tMm 9wiAmaK tbai h<> wm « ftpy. The 
itbibiibn t4 Mlental love lioitor^, at the 
iHrt^ witb Ilia iBoti^ was »tiafictory e vc^n 
to llw flDld*bftoodi»d iiienMlitlity of our 

^ and llio pri^ w»ji there (t>fo 
In a abfi! ; rKTwanla 

ber [iBjrtT luaded. 

TbiliutfiGikii tlour of f^mmeiTo 
if «r^intfil)^ mboHod^ and ujscd in this 

^■i^ rsoetit Ibr extfm ooeaAions, wht<n it 
• ffftcd. It boot 

ia Matt eootaining mx arrobajii, 

I b put 0|i for aak« and lrati§- 

^abool aitM bfiiitlrvd and fifty fionnds 
«di« asQd w&a sold at ibi.t dollars the jiii^k* 
Hhaa tradcfa wvr? tmTnt^rtttit^Yj^ f.>ltowLHi 
Vf a amftU cirmvnr ji.d 

^Ib croeberyi dr > or 

batoa. Ai;., from SaIuUq. mi- 

mim viira almoat bonis io l. by 

Oav «Mnaoa» bofdani^ wkudi m K^torml 

imUncefi had actuiilly worn into the bone. 
We contn bated somewhat towards the 
relief of one of the cruelly loaded beasts, 
by the pnrebasa of a cm to of apples. 

AmonjErst th© simnty vegetation through 
wliicb we passed on this day's mardi, the 
nva^ey (A^ave Americana) was quito 
abundant, Jt is from this plant that the 
Jfejcicans extrj^ct their pulque, from the 
djstillivtion of which- the gtfnuine niusail 
ispnxluced. The plant varieB from Ijv© 
lo fifteen feet in height, and in this ch- 
inat«! has no cUixns to centennial diatinc- 
tion. as seTtral generations mtiy llouriih 
during such ^ perio«K At the prO|)er am- 
son an incision is mailc aiter the tnanner 
of tapping: a nmple tree^ fmm which a 
honey* like juice eludes^ winch continues 
running for two or three months. Allter 
fermentation tliis juice takes the name of 
pulque. Though a very popular beve- 
rage among all orders of Mexicans, it is 
at first nauseating and insipid, and uas a 
taste somewhat between bard cider and 
sour '* small bccr.^* Many of the stalks 
of the msi^uey having yielded up the 
vital currttfit^ were dead, and numbers 
who bad wives or who hoped to have 
themr gmtherod quanttti^ of the se«d, 
which they intended planting at homOn 

During the march an eipress arrived 
from a Senor Don [jobo^ who signed himself 
chief of the department of MonelovSj brings 
ing a protest against tbe advance of this 
armyT ^^ ^ violation of the stipulations 
ajprocl to at Monterey, It did not appear 
that tbe ctimmanding general considered 
these '' paper pellets'' as of very ftmnidablo 
character, as ho pursued his way with 
provoking indllferonoe to thoir oonteixts. 
We reached a little stream bearing the 
fioctical name of Ahuf^ ( Bu7.3^ard)f and 
encamped about one oVlock. Not a slar 
witi vmblc at 3| oVlock the ne^t morn« 
ing, when a blast from the bugler of the 
commanding ^tioral's tuard roused the 
nvu.*ueiAns of the so vera! dotachmenCs to 
the iH^rp«tr»tion of reveille* Tbt clouds 
hung low and tbn'at<?uing» and the smoko 
as it ro*o heavily frf^in the camp ilrtiii, 
mingled with the diunp and murky atmos- 

Ehens no a4» atmo^l tr> HiuotlifT tho Uamsit 
lay eamo on gloomily, and men^s ooun- 


Notes /ram my Knapsack. 


tcnances caught the sad and sombre 
expression. The column was put in mo- 
tion at G o'clock, and on unusual degree 
of confusion was observable throughout. 
The order of march had been changed, 
and every one seemed to get into the 
wrong place and at the wrong time. All 
parties, however, finally found the posi- 
tions assigned them. Three miles from 
the Ahura wo crossed the Gachupina, a 
little stream which has its source in the 
mountains near it, bearing the same 
name, and at a distance of five or six 
miles farther the Pilctos, flowing from the 
same range. Several miles to the right 
of the road, at the gorge through which the 
latter rivulet finds its way, there is a rancho 
of considerable importance devoted princi- 
pally to the rearing of sheep and goats. 
After leaving the Piletos we met a party 
of traders, carrying their stock in carts, 
* to 'each of which three or four pairs of 
oxen were attached. The freight con- 
sisted of peas, beans, rice and dry goods. 

A Mexican cart, in rudeness and sim- 
plicity of construction, rivals perhaps any 
vehicle ever invented for transportation, 
since the Jewish spies '*came unto the 
brook of Eshcol and cut down from 
thence a branch with one cluster of grapes 
and bare it between two upon a staSl" 
The wheel is formed of five pieces. The 
nave or hub, is part of the centre slab, 
which is rounded at both ends to the 
curvature of the wheel. To the straight 
sides or edges of this piece, two other 
parts are added, and the circle completed 
by rounding the exterior edges. These 
three pieces are held together by two ties 
passing through them on opposite sides 
of the nave, and fastened by wooden pins. 
The box consists of two or three longitu- 
dinal bars placed upon the axle-tree, for 
the support of the floor, which, as well as 
the sides, is formed of hides, corn-stalks, 
sugar-cane, or any other material that of- 
fers. The yoke and bows are not used 
with the oxen as with us, but a straight 
bar, with slight mdentations on the lower 
side to conform to the head of the animal, 
and lashed to the horns by thongs of cow- 
hide, is substituted therefor. This mate- 
rial also serves instead of a chain, to con- 
nect the yoke with, the cart. Iron forms 
no part of the arrangement And this 
vehicle, thus accoutred, serves all the pur- 
poses in Mexico of flat-boats, broad-horns, 
canal-boats, steamers, " Canestoga " wag- 
ons, rail cars and locomotives. 

The Lampesis, about six miles from the 
Piletos, is more of a pool than a stream. 
The inhabitants, or rather the guides and 
travellers, repreaent the water as fatal to 

animals, and an order was accordingly 
given that horses and mules must not t!e 
permitted to drink it. The water emits a 
strong sulphurous, fetid odor, and com- 
bines a styptic taste, with that of sulphur^ 
Up to this stream, our route lay through 
an arid, sterile waste, and nearly parallel 
to a rampart of mountains formed \jy the 
Sierra Gachupina, whose sharp and rug- 
ged summits were veiled in clouds 
throughout the day. The prickly pear, 
the chaparro ceniza. the maguey, the cha^ 
parrol and the huisachi, have monopolized 
the soil. The latter plant is particplarly 
remarkable for its very deep green, luid 
its sharp and numerous thorns. After 
crossing the Lampesis, we entered upon a 
narrow valley, lying between heights of 
considerable elevation. The Lampesis 
chain starts from near the stream, and 
presents the columnar structure in great 
perfection ; the Gachupina rises less pre- 
.cipitously than the former, and continues 
some ten or twelve miles farther, gradual- 
ly and gracefully tapering, until it recedes 
to the level of the prairie. The head of 
the column reached this point, which had 
been selected for the encampment, about 
3 oVlock ; the infantry assigned as guard 
for the train, did not arrive until after 
sunset The objection to this order of ar- 
rangements would be very obvious, if we 
had been traversing the country of an en- 
terprising enemy, and the credit of the in- 
vention was perhaps due to , 

who, it was understood, at that time, con- 
trolled the details of the march. The 
train was of great length, and if attacked 
by cavalry — as it would have been if at- 
tacked at all — before the escort could 
reach the point assailed, irreparable dam- 
age might have been effected. The artil- 
lery and dragoons were in advance ; both 
corps comparatively helpless unless sup- 
ported by infantry, and so far removed 
from each other as to be beyond the 
reach of effective co-operation. It was by 
a like faulty order of march, when encum- 
bered with an unwieldy train, that Da- 
pont was cut to pieces in the afiair at 
Baylen. the only purely Spanish triumph 
in the Peninsular War. 

Tlie march was one of extraordinary 
length and corresponding fatigue. The 
rofl^ was thoroughly cut up by the horses 
and carriages in front, and the in&ntry 
were compelled to plod along in an atmos- 
phere almost stifling, being so saturated 
with dust, and over hard gravel roadfi, 
forming blisters at almost every footfall. 
While thus coated with an impalpable 
powder, the rain began to fall, conTerting 
It into a beautiful paste, and when we 

Nhkt /rmm mf KnapHitk 

tfttdM C«lilp^ to- rented ft loco^ 

Molhre ceologM^' < ^f mh allu- 

fsL Wfl, w«ari*«Jt ^i-i ^^^i"» down wilh a 
attck </ mlKnogt Uiirty rhIch, (Iniv'Kin^ 
ThttmiTu T cl<i^, with difflcul* 

tj- over the but few tarcti tx> 

■iMi IIm lcot» occcvHj&r^' to prok'ct Ur^tq 
nott Um kieniiorthtni blaala which lic- 
Jlirvrfirk li^ip ^''«'1'-'« '^Tnf>Tig the hills 
md t«rof|iiiif ori > = ^ i pnit-n t, or Ui 

tmk til* p«Mu:. ri -/ ^>f (^ri and 
hMm, re<|tiii^ to timku Ute dry h^rd 
itffBd pdblabli^f whk'h ana the teTripimg 
vgMPk Ibr ft jioMicr's supper^ The com* 
■fnii'^frm fCP«rmV >n ooEsidc^rfttion of Uj« 
dftv^ aiaratf icsierotisTj jtilii'ved the in- 
fbtttty bom pimtd tor tlic ni|;ht, ftnd each 
B«a vrmpp^ hiD)^Gl^ m hi« blflnkot to 
ilMfi M lyi one can deep, except a iraluti- 
twr fli Ilk first ofttnfuiign. 

Ww wenr enonipdl rnvt in ejit«DiiiTe 
tttante, Nftriog the Tonnickble tlUo c»f 
^Ia BMMdb de niieetiti ^ofl^irft do Gns^ 

Mnp§ de Iw Ifmiaftnas," ^ - ' * y ft 

iMnd of Seller Dot! Jacop- Vft- 

nn% III* Ijawfboidrr juia t, ..^ of 
Iktflliii of COftbctUft, whose lordly po^ 
i^nos «tt^ fnotn tlik point to Sal- 


IW is^ jell in fitful filiow«rfl durmg 
Ikt alriM» tiifi ibi winds murmured t 
InihImPiIij ofer the wttary mod sleep- 
■f tildiiri The utiweloomft notes of 
te tmiik, hcMrcTtr, wcf& not permitted 
tediiiurli llieir fi <Fntil ne&r the 

biv *f nmrisfr— ; y understood, 

ibi era ime doL ti.irk and driz^hng 
and* bang oTcr the Dioutii^mH; the 
hMii^g warn dttk, md overcast with 
tilt mmm tud tiid du^crl^Bit 
f vhtQ renderod n»blA by tbo 
To ftdd to tiiu fcoeiml dimiiiifac- 
dcvpoudcncy, there waa doubt 
i the tnmp m to what tbo day 
Mftg Ibrtk No one could t«ll 
if V9 were to moYo or not. The 
[ganerftl htnwelf, ever prompt 
md dtartfc, wiiied now to warert he«i- 
lit% tatolvi; ma4 roeoneider. At m late 
kmmr, it Wft* ob*erv«d that hi^ guards 
TO* eirilfhig their (entjt; upon which 
efS7 btiljr micdildtd we were to laarcli, 
itd fr«|Mr«l toeordbi^f , In the oounio 
if Mf fta hour, tooomed tsother rev{>« 
lwli«i m puhlit tratinieiil: the guard 
tMtti wm biii^ pHebed t^ti^ A nn^^ 
$mmm of *mn>tf?tif lbl1ow*d| tnd to 
fBvml ectintf, Meeended ft g^meral 
mmmdarx, ^^ mftiij wen) itic1jti»l to 
Iksk llflii tbe latter, fur l)w thn'\ bad 
Ihl ^IIHTitt ! lift- 

ftmA^^ mail ; rrR| 

It nit tftel Ulift4 if« atMHiUl iHkt iiAiy ch 

before to-uiorrow. Ha Ting: the day thmi 
to ourselves, we were ermbled to t*roll 
about 8t our leisuru. or ah far us the uiur- 
ky atmosphere and general gloom wuuld 
invito, or ^nettkt orders would j^ierujit. 

The •*HacieDda of our Lndy of Gua^ 
dalupo of tho Sister^,'' is, of course, the 
attractive feature of the pliipc. excepting 
the sublime displays of nature by which 
it m gurroundetl. The upproiieh Ui the 
house from the norths is through a state- 
ly avenue of willows, the hrnrw'hea of 
which intertwine, and fonn a nattiral arch 
of perpetual verdure, Un ihw Hjjht of ItH 
termination, there is a fountain of crystal 
water, beautifled with a eiuniar cordon 
of willows f and to the left, stands the 
mansion itselt surrounded by and om* 
nt'Cted with a high i»tone wall hu*k Uit 
defence tgainst the Indian^;. As we 
paased through the* avenue*, the {icimc 
might have been taken for a rehiars^irl of 
the daj'S of Isaac and KulHMxa, Women, 
in thejr light and simple costuoic, were 
engaged in wa.'^hirig' j tiocks of shicp and 
goats wens drinking at the foutilam i and 
beyond were the Wftte? carrierH, with 
pitchers on their ahoulders, and ready to 
address you, " Dnnk ; and we will give 
your camels drink also." The hotise b 
spidoiia, and the walls of euornumiiitluck- 
nefft. The entrance h by the uHual 
arched way to the iuttrbr court. The 
first object we &aw here wnis a jKjr tabic 
oonfc^^ional box, which, on the arrivnl of 
tbo itincnail pricBt, is traoiifcrrcd to the 
several apartments, in order that their oo- 
cupanU may be Komakally rciievod frum 
the burden of their tranitgre^i^ionK, The 
room into which w© were at ooco ixni* 
ducted by the polite proprietor, had nioro 
of the appearance of home comfurtJ<^ than 
any thing we had yet Kcen in Alexloo. 
We discovered tliat we had already been 
preeedeil by manj . ajs cnriouK and tnqutni- 
tire afi ourselven^ who were ranged around 
tho walls with th*? regularity of wax 
figure^ oti cbaiftt having gilt backi^ and 
cane botiomx, and of undo u bud A men- 
can manuficture. Tlie upfter end of the 
apart*nent, wly^rt the (ground) floor wftg 
i:ar|^rt]ted fur a few fuet ill width, was dis- 
tinguished with a mahogany sofa^a lux- 
ury for which we were altop* t' m^ 
pared. The walk hm ware y 
a ^nall rvpr(«entation of the «.i i* i^i^i d- 
by two mirrors in gilt frvmcs, mtiHtthd 
for ornament ratkirr than for u«^. beioK 
eo high thai they cxiuld not mtninler to 
anv ono^s vanity, nithoul the aid of 
ladderit^ and two figures of "our lady 
of Guadalu|ie/* Many Mripturd pi4x«a 
were hung round the rooni| among whkh 

wore the Return of tho Prodrgal Son, the 
AtiimncialionH Christ benring the Crosfi, 
and the Resurrection. On ft!I sides, tho 
wnlls were rudelj painted iji panels to the 
hetj^ht of three orfour feet^ and over these 
a fancy wreath of virions and tantastic 
colore. A fcw^ iroUimc!* in French and 
SjKinifih werc5 scattered upon a largo 
round table, occupying the oentre of the 
apartment. In the latt4?r lai^iwge, there 
was a hand&omo copy of Do TocqaeTille's 
Democracy hi America, which appeared 
to have been well studied, and accotinted 
in some degree, perhapji^ for tho just and 
liberal views entertnmed by the proprie- 
tor towards the United States, and the 
deep regret and despondency which bo 
OT^inccd on the subject of his own conn- 

Of Mexico ho spoke with tljo feelings of 
a loya! son and devoted patriot Ho la- 
mented her falling fortunes in terms of 
touching eloquence, tracing her degene- 
racy to the corruption of the church, by 
whose established [)0licy the people were 
kept ignorant and impoverished^ and to 
the reckless ambition of military leaiders, 
whose selfish ends kept the country torn 
and rent by factioos, and who were ever 
ready to deluge the soil with the blood 
of her best and bravest citizens. In re- 
lation to his own country^ his views ap- 
peared to be etuinently enlightened and 
patriotic, and if the Mexican Kepubiic had 
many such spirits, she might shako off 
the thraldom that now fetters her enef^ 
gies, rouse herself once more to hii^h and 
chivalrous action, and array herself in the 
paooply of prosperity. But ambitioaj 
ignorance, superstition and priestcraft — 
tho latter tho direst incubus that ever 
cursed a commonwealth — muf^t be demo- 
lished and stt-ept away, before freedom 
can have her perfect way* 

The hacienda derives part of its name 
from three hills in its immediate vidnity, 
called ^£75 hermanoji^ the sisters : an idea 
in the science of names not con lined to 
the United States- One of these hills is 
surinounteil by a cross conspicuously 
placed on the grave of a man murdered 
by the Lepnn IndianSj whose incursions 
are not limited by political or ge^^graphi- 
eal boundaries. This establishment is one 
of sevefi belonging to the same estate^ lo- 
cated at different points between tho Sa- 
linos and Agua Nuevaj on the other side 
of Saldlto. They are rented for a certain 
annual percentage of tho product^ along 
with the peons qt slaves. This spedies 
of servitude we suppy&ed was common 
over all iJeacicuj but wu were here in- 
formed thut vi exists only in the States 

of Tamauli|ma, New Leon, and Goahuili^ 
A citizen contracts % debt which be is 
unable to pay : the creditor takes posses 
sion of his person ; allows him a Sxed 
sum for his services, but charges him with 
whatever he receives, either in food or 
clothing* A nmnmg account of debit 
and credit is thus opened ; but the credits 
arc usually so small mm pared with the 
debits, that time only widens the original 
difference between tnem ; and the unfor- 
tunate debtor becomes a bondsman for 
ever. Odious and revolting as thus sys- 
tem is^ it is yet little more repugnant to 
the spirit of Christianity and enlightened 
civilijation, than that relic of barbarism 
existing perhaps now in a few of the 
United States which assumes poverty to 
be a crime, by imprisonment for debt. But 
what is perhaps most marvellous in this 
matter^ we are told that peonage ejtists 
only by prescHption, and that there is no 
written law to give it countenance. It 
has prown, however, to such strength 
that individuals cannot resist it, and he 
who should attempt the overthrow of this 
system of iniquitj", would bo more likely 
to be crushed in the effort than to effi 
any amelioration. The government is 

im Decile or too corrupt to attempt a 

formj though the efforts of philnuthropists 
have not been wanting to call it to the 
rescue of so many thousands from morale 
physical aud intellectual bondage. 

The Hacienda de las HermanaSj as it u 
commonly called, has attached to it about 
one hundred and fifty families of peons. 
These are distributed or rather confined 
within the walls of the place, and shel- 
tered from the weather only by the most 
comfortless hutSj made of corn-stalks or 
sugar-cane. A whole family is thrust 
into an area too small for the sleeping 
apartment of m siogte indivit^ual ; and 
tliere^ in filth and wi^tchedness, in an at- 
mosphere fetid and corrupt, subjected to 
associations and ideas the most monstrous 
and con tamiiAi ting, children of both sextos 
arc reared to maturity^ and ripened for &d 
inheritance of woe ; and old men &nd wo- 
men sink into the grave to make way for 
the successive groups that are im wiled 
onward and downward by the sam^ in- 
exorable necessity. The annual products 
of the estate are between two and three 
thousand sheep mvX goats, about (en thou- 
sand bushels of com, and ft few thousand 
pounds of sugar. One third of the grain 
raised is consumed at home. The market 
is Monclova, The present proprietor con- 
templates changing his crop from corn to 
cotton, which bo thinks would pr^vc more 
profitable. Of this tbere would m^m to 

IMeM from my knapsack. 

W Ride ilonbtf un eotUtQ goods «ro etiof- 
iMailjr hi^h m the ixxinttyt tione of tfie 
fw ntfUml m imported , juid the two 
fttAaiw siQ Id micceetarttl o^K^rtitioti at Sal* 
lilB^ wMeh would inmr¥ « rt^ady tnnrket. 
A ^liftut^** eiitcrt«lnmcTit wils given to 
Urn oommiiiditi^ gm^ml and a h\^ u aiders 
vbo «nv irith liim. which p.ij^'^cd olf with 

9imUf^^ the fimt mur^c €on^Ji^lcd of rice 
mtd^ into ft iort or pi7/^ti ; I be a cume n 
itaiff <if ImeI^ Oftbbag:!*, bcunts and ouiom^, 
vllkli m fblloirctl hv n roast kid ; and 
Id ibis flocoaeded ftnotber stew or hash of 
b«f md ablMwv : frijoUm or Ix^anii, 
MTiwI «p a let Akjicufw, c^iidudv*! the 
li^iM. 11>r iriie^it^ were hunCTy, and 
IlimfiOiuK ria|H'«saiited to have 

b^ **<ItistL ' witb the oxoeption 

OfOMt* frtiich vvaa rather too strODgljr 
tiwiiirail iritb ^mrlic* 

Qb9 word «hfiu)d bo p'fen to the pic- 
lOTnoa loutKm of thii t^slablishtnent, 
lh0«|P p« aor p«(idl can hardlr do ju^ 
te «i il» b««litkf* Thrt-e ran^s of hills 
i# bttd Mid mftjeittk on time, their Tcncr- 
\ fktiTDwed hy time's unsparing 
^ Atid their tops pinnacled in 
coilfem to tbi^ point, and 
villiB tbt iftlkffs Utna Cbnn^dj the golden 
plSlom <kf lb* ripe fields of com is mingled 
vik Ifat deep ^fven of lb& waying sugar- 
ant; llie ptatos arts eirerj where enli- 
^■lad If J doekji and herd.s; the water 
iws our its pebbled beci^ murmuring 
Mlli sMlBfiv *^ wh^ti the fun is paril- 
Mwd lit tlM lieftftna, bathing the moun* 
liiit-titpe ta mft^tou» Ught^ the picturp is 
mmsfk/lm^ toe loreliiress of nataro be* 
9mm m fit aooooipaniinent to the em- 
WkiiBtaU of ftrt^ and the two com- 
liDsd iimi ft perfect and faultless 

Tbe ImwI oT the ootatna irfts In motion 
m Mmo mlautes bdbiti 7 o'clock the fol- 
liw ii% Busmiaic, while the «nu was ^et 
leideii m the cimvU, whkh hnng diu-k 
nd lw«<erttic ov i y. Th** 

Mtfdh oC ft lew u. us to a 

h^ Mfrin^ wbidi ^uij{4iv^ the irrigating 
Mftftla b ef i a bmiU. It ot^mcii out uf the 
r- ' n^ of 110^ Fahrvn- 

K V (ff sijt feet dtf*p, 

a»j pr-.ui! '• ■' ■- ^r- 'ts^, 

Y^ wal«r 1 ■ '^ver 

ttio(> A an 

tfiseChai!"^ -Mi^, 

leieMdiai i^^ 

Men J ^ croaw Eiianivd otot 

apftf* lit oi the depftitcd 

Mol^ HP4 b> a tiiujdtffer'e hand iato tlie 

world of spirit^ withoat time tor eon- 
fiasnion and extreme unclionp 

The Arroyo del Carmel is about thro* 
mlleji from the hacienda, where we were 
detained about an hour, while the pio- 
neers were repairing the bridge — a labor 
which might havo b^en perfonncd yester- 
day, but was notj because the exis^tcncc 
of the stream was not known. About a 
mile from this titream we passed a forlorn 
^oup of six buildings, the most of them 
in ruins, x^hich once Qonstitiited the lord- 
ly hacienda do Tapado, The chapel still 
remains in tokrable repair^ but the other 
structures are crumbling away under the 
destroying iufluences of the ele men ts. Une 
of these now roofless bmldiog* forms a 
large reclangular area, wiihm which the 
Tcgctable iieon dwellings are pitched 
against the walls. The place is oocupbd 
at present only by iieons, whoso squalid 
wretchedness was Tery apparent^ even in 
the briyf perk>d to which our visit was 
limited, i quarter of a mile beyond 
these ruin% we struck the Sal ado, a small 
stream flowing between high banks, of 
which the arroyo del Carmel is an aMu- 
ent. The road continues nearly parallel 
to the Salado for several milea^ tra?ersiiig 
com-fielda extending orcr hundreds of 

The hacienda ^ las Ajuntos ^' is about 
nine miles from that of "- las Bennanaa^^' 
and was originally a more extensive es- 
tablish ment than the latter. The build- 
ings are now out of repair, but were never 
compactly arranged ^ nor constructed with 
a view to defence* The huts of the t>eons 
present sumQwh-4t the appearance of the 
slave quarters alimg the MisisisMippl River j 
though the resideui'eof the b\&ck is usual- 
ly a pidace compared with that of tho 
Mexican bondman. An we pa^cd^ tho 
men were ranged on both sides of the 
road, gating upon us with that vaooot, 
stupid euriofdtT, which results from their 
purely animal existence. The women 
were incatt<ired about in groups; Ihdr 
iihoulders baro^ their long black hair fall- 
ing loosely around them, their rebozot 
reaching below the waist, and mingling 
tlieir colon* with the ibids of their petti- 
coatn. Children naked and half dotbed 
were hanging ui^ion the motber^i breftft 
playing in the dirt with the dogi ma 
pigs, or atftriug in flxcd wonderment al 
rbe crowd of atiuupra. One man more 
t^syti iTsri^jiH* tlian the other, h**'l i*«^ta^»ii>ih' 
■p for the occa uq 

ijiid vcn- tttleri' . ' re 

waA c^nwqut I ; Jttrtvnagtj* Then 

muat have U < 4 eight hnndred 

aotik oouaeoted Hitb ihia ealabltabmetiti 

JVbfit from m^ Knapiack. 

sll reared m ignarance and opprcssba; 
robbed of their riglits^ citU and religions, 
tktid roudcred by birth, habits, A&d ussoci*- 
tion fit supporters of a military oJigarchjTi 
and fit ministers to the unbridled passions 
and cruel extortions of a corrupt priestr 

We eucampc^d about 11 o'clock j half a 
utile from the hacienda, and as otir tents 
were whitening the plain, the sun emerg- 
ed from the curtain of vapor which had 
hidden him for a day^ or two, and gave 
token of a fair afternoon. The rain was 
over, though the whole country this side 
of the Nueces had the appearance of a 
iong continued drought. The ro^dfl were 
generally ground into powder to the depth 
of several incUcSj and the earth on either 
side^ baked to the hardness of brick, pro- 
sen ted frequent fissures, broad and d«.\epj 
the effect of long intense heat without 

An order f^ven to Colonel Harden 
(officer of the day) to station a guard over 
the hacienda las Ajunta^ or '^it would he 
plundered J '^ created a very considerable 
flare-up in cc^rtain quarters of the camp, 
and led to a long, and some say, stormy 

interview between the Colonel, ^ 

and ^^- J the latter of whom apn 

peared as a fort of diplomatist. Our 
Celtic Alcibiad&si, it appears from the ro- 
suU| was partially successful in his efforts. 

It was rumored at one time that the 

and olBcers were all to reslgrij 

hut this determination was subsequently 

The skyey inHuenoes were not flattering 
as we left camp about SJ o^elock the next 
morning. The evening before had g^ven 
promise of a fair day. but near midnight 
the winds came sweeping down from the 
raoun tains, and the clouds i?eemed to fol- 
low in their wake. Hill and valley were 
alike overspread with mi^t and vapor. 
For ten miles we passed over a sandy 
roadj the dust filling eyes, uoise and mouth, 
and almost stifling and blinding the un- 
fortunates on foot who had to tread it* 
Very little gross was any where to be 
seen. The growth of ismall plants was 
proliflCj and several new varieties of the 
C&^tus "^t^re observed skirting the road. 
One of these spreads into a tree twelve 
or fifteen feet high^ with proportional 
hfimehes. Nearly all the members of 
the cactus Oimily — and their name is le- 
gion^-are found in this vicinity* We also 
noticed a singular shrubj sk or eight feet 
in heigh tf with in numerable brftiiches 
springing (Vom ih« root | these are of a^h 
or dim <^lor^ ticftr a email yellow^ flower^ 
bat &re wholly without foliage. Tbo 

branches ait^ as haro of leaves as a rose 
tree in Deeember. Two miles from the 
last camp wo passed a rancho occiipit^d by 
a few familiesj living in the sjime miser- 
able condition as the i>eons of the hodcn* 
das. Their dwellings were corn-stalk huts 
with thatched roofsj not high enough to 
Stand erect in. nor long enough to permit 
the occupant to lie at full length. High 
stone walls forming an inclosurej and 
apparcntl}'' intended for the residence of 
their masterj added to the desolatbn of 
the scene. From this point the next 
house was distant about nine miles, and 
near this place the mud walls of Moa- 
clova ^Tsi revealed themselves, rising iu- 
distinctly against the dark background 
of the mountains. We halted four miles 
from the dty^ and encamped between two 
cotton fields — hundreds of acres of com 
surrounding us on all sides. 

Several citizens of MoneJova, headed by 
Scftor Don Lobo, political chief of the de- 
partment, and author of the protest re- 
ceived a few days since, came into camp 
in the afternoon with a written papiir^ 
differing somewhat in style and purport 
from the preceding; document- concluding 
it is saidj with an ofier of the nospitaJities 
of the city to the Commanding OeneraL 
It might hare been civdj perhaps^ und^r 
the circumstances, to extend the invita- 
tion; they were however received with 
due courtesy, and after an exchange of 
the usual common pi aces on such ooca- 
sions, the delegation returned to towB, 
The Senor " Gefe Politico^" is ft larggj 
gravc^looking gentleman, somewhat port- 
ly, double-chinned, and as a whole, would 
make a formidable can^'date for alder- 
man in any of our cities. He and his as- 
sociates were dreRsod (n round jackets — 
the invariable riding or diplomatic cos- 
tume of Mcxico^-and of course raatle no 
very imposing appearance in presence of 
the glittering cortege which siurounded 
the commanding general, among whom 

with his new coat and bnght 

buttons, was not least conspicuous. 

It was reported in camp that an ex- 
press from General Taylor^ which left 
Monterey on the 26thT had arriTed. with 
the information that the Navy had pos- 
session of all parts of California, [is Cali- 
fornia a lake, nver^ or inland sea 1] and 
that Ckneral Kearney would oceupy Santft 
Fe during the winter. General T. ex- 
pected to hear Irom Washington touching 
the armistice] by the5lh proximo, and ad- 
Yimid that in the menTi time no movement 
be made soutl '•■•>v'j^* 

A parade h, oiuumnding Gcn- 

erml^a tent of the twa Kquadroiis uf dr»* 

iPblii fr^m my JTmpmdt, 


MOt^ ittd dM iiiptiraiot of fiim^lf in 
mD vntlfaBi, IMIimed by his inUfimiiift- 
bit fUC ocin^ ^ plumea Mtd chfttx^i^us, 
wmd mmm in fbn^ e&psi Bomm ifi e[)&u* 
IflM^ soin^ in wtnp ind aoiiift with Mro 
iliMiidcf«i io short ti^roBentiiig is ▼ari<*- 
fiM an iipeel a* tlie GMilatm of ft couit- 
OT diWfi, i munl ii i tilt idti that f4>mm1 
wlHafy powio t i wm to b« taken o/ 
Be^if^ tbjn dkplaj of ^th- 

bat II- iio©*i6*ry 

tb«if I , i*\v wci^ 

I by ' ■ ■ , who. fcarijif; their 

^Nm nlgbt miir ib*? idmirftbli* uiiilbnrnty 
«f ibtt ^tafl* pimlftHJi, i*fihtc]y onlemd 
t^MB ta wiih'trAw, As Ui« sociel j fmm 
vlidi tiwy w«v« tbofl a3De)tifI«cl did not 
m MimbJe m to mtarfure with 
_Eiviati« tb« ik tropf tvtj 
Ujf'movod oflf towftrdM the 

AboQl balf a miia from cfttn^ thvns bt a 
«all itai^ laoebo, or tstancui, a^ they 
Im* call Hr ooosutuiing a little hamkt 

? 'Imta, which are oocunied bj i^ 
, Ulf elolbtni hftlf fed, bair civil- 
of people. The road thence 
I m coliiTated raffkon, and fields 
; to the height af iifUxQ 
er trnttSf kft, axtcod far And wfdu ou 
' I M^ m tba ffiibtirbii of the city, whik 
I which nkirt iha road 
^hade. Miwiclova b 
iba Bioantaim and Uaei 
U9mu Sp UKlar the nurltm; uf Hublinuty. 
Si ghiia M Cifunn looks down ru^- 
liijhr «• ana atda, and the Sietra del 
QiMm fian itatlf proudly oti tha other. 
Thm apyinafh m amj^liirly picturnujue 
and iMHitiliil an'! tb« city iUelf h div^r- 
a^ad iHtli mQ and plain, gMrrf^ioiidicnlaf 
■■AiaC fiD>*«^«ti'' u>*< 'II the nty pf Fc 
tM^ tifltsf: uiidttL The 

» liAfi? ' f Orientals in 

lihm tkM '♦in tho 

' AllilOfi^b I h mate- 

iir laaAj of iha piuo^l buddings^ 
BmWk as daawhere^ however, mont or the 
|a«M art of adobo* Tliere are threo 
fA^^ ; two (^>r tii« lower hundreda, and 
mt iir tha npficr lesai An Alameda of 
Hvoatloii Ciaa and pHda of tliitiit, fiir- 
■iahm a baattiiful protnenadu Tor tho 
Mmsh^ flurai or Ibtir* hundred yards tn 
kt^g^ At ila aouthani c^ireuiity alanda 
a wpmaaamA^ hathif a filain eqoaya baai^ 
i^ppiftaif a thfl^ nrrbaM twesity-fite 
ii* hA^l^tolcn) Pt and tcniii* 

iHtaflvjili tlia ti nirt' of a f^ 

«ya. Hiafw ia tM^tiin ^a aitbrl 

aibafW aa lit wboi, foi nt ur to 

v'Im^^ H wmi cndad* Canti^umg along 

the princtpal !itn?et tram the Akmcda, we 
passed the city cockpit on our right, also 
shaded with the China Lr*e, and profided 
with seats j and fitill further on wo tm- 
tercd the main plajta, around which tho 
principal building are locfttt?d, Tho ea- 
ihcdral is of masfiivc proportions i not 
f'triking in ajchitectnral dcsigiiL but alto- 
^t^t V, . , . '" ' " ^ n nd im posing* Thi! stylo ia 
of 1 -.if onkr* and is probably a 

ootti ., uf tbo Moorish with the 

original Axtec; The ^itat tower in which 
the beljg are ptaeed^ nam from tlic ^uth- 
easUsm ^|^le of tbo huildinff, thereby 
destroying its symmetry, and with it 
much of its bmuty, ft is in better 
preservation than the other churches, and 
of more modem construction. ITie other 
public buildings arc a Altlitary Itospital^ 
the Town Hall, a Jesuit^s College, and 
the Cuijtocn House- 

The population of Monclora is vaHouelT 
estimated at from tive to ten thotu^nd, 
and doc^ not probably greatly giirpaae 
the smaller number. It appears to bo a 
genernl custom among tho towns to rate 
tho number of inhabitaiita ta high as 
po&aible* No go vemmcnt census is Uken, 
and as TeptvacuUtioii is oomiiially baaed 
on populatioiij it hooomea the plioy to 
mak^ tliu Ittttor a maximum. This ii ao- 
cording] J done whenever practiesble, and 
the fjopulntion giTen in books must gen- 
erally be reduced from BAodi to forty per 
ctnt.j depending upon the variable stand- 
ard of honesty in the different towns. 
The city in hand^mely adorned with 
trees, of which a j^reater variety is ob- 
serrabb tljan usim. Besides the dato 
ir^ luxuriant with fruity the PJjyryptian 

£m may be x^n^ -looking almofll as 
olate in ita new home as in the daaert ; 
its k'j.n^^M Iruiik and «ipansive top af- 
ford' ibk»m of an exiled ao- 
vert r vfra rumcd country, 
to wiuch liii tit*>i^r may return. The tia- 
tlTO pooan^ however, i^nrpssBOS in size and 
bcnuty all the cioiica that wealth hntt jn^ 
troducod. not eteu exccptiiig whait lin- 
uveufl calls the prinoes of the vi^tablt 
kingdotn, and in ita fcnerablo tn^ea^, 
worthj lo be the mcmarch of the city 
grorea and atomiea. Vet, notwithstand- 
ing so much rural l>«auty, Monclova has 
a gstiaral appoaraiK^ of dci^ol a tiou . Thm% 
is no erideiioe any where of thrift or pfoa* 
fierit^ I aisil, lilio the whole countrrf it 
aeetna on the hii^hway to ruin andf de- 
atj'uctioru lluuiAn erie]*!^' h paralyzed 
by some mighty and mynti^rious power ; 
Hi tarnation prevails in every <)uat1«r ; 
idkncasand tndulirnce, 8ih-nt though pro- 
litic causes of rice and immondity, nu^ 


Vomjrom m^ Miui^^ioek. 


rftSDpiJit. so to spoftk; sod the seeds of 
Bodil dissolution smm to be sown brcmd- 
ea&t throughout etery iivgdqg. There m 
p*rttlysi!j in the body jiolitic, wbkh g»I- 
ffttii^im it*:t'lf couJd not remOTe, 

W hat liver might have b«en theohject 
of the military display from camp, it was 
apparent eijoiij^h artier the arrivnl of the 
ctiTaleade in town, that it contributed 
THEtly to the amusement and gratification 
of the women and children. The girls 
and boys, naked and dothodj were abrottd 
in all their strength, and the young misses 
and their mammas seemed to oon^er the 
aflktr m quite a jubilee. It was as good 
ns a saint ^s thy. The General was at the 
head, and tliercfore most stared at, and 
therefore again — which was of nmcb 
more oon«equence — he was somewhat re^ 
lieTcd from the winding ehcet of duf^t, 
which clung like shadows to the whole 

Earty. The exhibition, though meanings 
iss in itself, was, from the eharacter of 
the people, ^lerhaps well calculated to im- 
press them with a sense of the power of 
the United Stated. ITie display would 
undoubtedly aftect languishing damsels 
and setitinjeotal sefloritas^ but Mexican 
men of station are. as with us, not always 
men of sense, and may be imposed upon 
by fiuch cliarlfltmry. It appears the ob- 
ject of the excursion was to re turn the 
call of Seftor Lobo^ while the occasion was 
iucidentaJly improved to indicate to the 
people of Monelovaj that the personal 
staff of an American General, command^ 
ing three thousand men, is little les^ for- 
iWidablti than that of a field marshal. 
Geo* Wool shows how thoroughly he ap- 
proeiates the Mexican character, by o{)er- 
ating upon their mmds through the me- 
dium of thi; eye* With them all is gold 
that glitters, and with thera, too, the 
''pomp" of displtiy is always associated 
with the *^ circumstuooe; '* of power* 

The camp was almost deserted during 
the day J and the quiet of the Sabbath for 
once prevailed. Curiosity took large 
numbers to the city, wher© the novelties 
practi.sietl at the church , were sufficient to 
attract all those fond of dramatic cnter^ 
toifiinents. The serviees of the day in- 
TOlved a variaiion from the usual ptt>- 
gramme^ which gaTC increased zest to the 
perfonnance. The priest was interruptiKl 
at the altar, by a deputation from a dymg 
man, bo whom it wag necessary to admin- 
ister extrt^me unction* At the same time 
a proce.'^;^ion *?aine to the church, preceded 
by a baud of music to escort the padre to 
tne death' l>i*d rvquiring hjs prcntoee. By 
the aid of burning f^udlis and lighted 
lamps, to say notliing of Ibe bJaxing sun 

in the heavens, they reached the attaTj 
and aller sundry grotesque and unmean- 
ing contortions and genuflexlonsj they 
succeeded in making themselves under- 
stood, and the priest followed ihem to the 
door. His carriage;, drawn by two mules 
richly caparisoned, was awaitinf^ bim a 
short distance from the church, the path 
to which led through an avenue of kneel- 
ing forms J eager to secure the minimum 
of sanctity to be acquired by touching the 
hem of his garment. To do him justkei, 
the venerable man did not seem unwil* 
ling to dispense as much of this priceless 
though invisible virtuCj as might be want- 
ed by his worshippers, and therefore 
passed very leisurely to hts carnage. 
Having safely reached it^ the postition 
mounted^ and the vehide rolJwi away 
from the crowd, but not like the car of 
Juggernaut J over the necks of its victims, 
from whom in ignorance and superstitioii 
these are so slightly removed. 

The report in the "Gazeta de Hon- 
clova '^ of the scene of Saturday at the 
dsi^pacho publico of the Gefe Politico^ 
cannot be translated with entire faithful- 
ness, but the substance may be worth 
preservation. It is ditficult to compre- 
hend fully the broadness of the fan^ 
which policy n^nders necessary to pliy 
oW upon the Me^tcans^ Tbo Amerkaa 
Commander arrived in town with nearly 
three hundred mounted men^ smothered 
in their uniforms ; the day hi tensely hot 
and the dust of the s^treels rising in vol- 
umes sufficient to suflbcate the party, and 
mingling with the perspiration on each 
niRn's face, so as almost to form a plaster 
caKt of the individual* After reoeiTiiig 
salutes from his escort in the plaza, 1^ 
was conducted to the presence of Sen or 
Don Lol)0, followed by all his officers. 
These were presented in euceession — ^tho 
oci^emony constituting a sort of dumb 
sbow*»to the great amusement of the i 
sembled Coahuilans^ mostly lioyS} 
crowded round the windows, and q&m- 
pied the lower portion of the ^- despaeho.*' 
The guard, with the ** Gefe '* on his right 
Gcatf^ himself at the head of the room, 
behind a table furnished with writing mar 
torialt^. The dialogue then et^mmeneedj 
and was continued and concluded ver^ 
nearly as Allows : 

A* G, ** It is a very warm day/* 

This was a proposition which n^ mid 
man could deny, and was thcrefora an- 
scnted to by an emphatic ^^ very," 

A, G. " My object in vi&itiiiL' town to- 
day, was to rt4urn your catl i.i ' ,y 
in an informal way, and, to pi ■ '.a- 
i&DdefatindtQg} to staUs that ti>uiormw 



JrvflSl jpWW iJiy AimpHHif^^ 

if» I «!i»ll not take mrtilmr 
'tJie town uniil Ihtf dnj fc>I- 

O, l»* •• 1 frg!TH tlmt til© <S«T»eri! 

bk^ Hit Oi» m%f%\r ^-f n^turmn^ 

il» ▼iail of mv il k ^ 

aidlMB fttrrmikr of th« ciiv.'^ 

A. G. ''I iimtl pciOfiotio thftt tn Alter 
lir« dft^ or two^ but tb«ll expect in Ibe 

I^MMJng m eom tod fnipf»1rc« for ray 

G. F. ^Tha people sliftll b<* itiformed 
«f tli*' '»rrKnil*-i wisbw?, a»(l will doubts 

m tL«u «u^j 

thit ill willbHiig 

itarily. or it mny 

m*'iiiifi to comf*el 

* fir»t time 

wwf uiiH: •.miisto a[ 11 if'' AiiicHciin idea 
•f« *^iit«iteiTF »> aet) 4 wtll Ii^t the 

ifprvliri in th« niAiU'r.^' 

A« 6- -i jjttfeTn«ly unplens- 

flBi, «id witmrmpt Lh« harmtitiy and ^ood 

wilfa wmcb J biiVL^ i^ntered and 

i tiiQ cotintry. bhouUi I 

t io any coni|Jti3Aory 

iktt te flOHtnlod I 

SrttfT Laba i^fniilcd bii appr%<iiitbn 
if tbe remark by a aralkHiiid bow. 

A. 11* *' It Btaf bt wcJ] to sUto aJno 
Ami Aail probably r^uira storv-bouaca 
«4 ^aaartan.'* 

G- 1*. " Tbc public* bameka baws twa 
■paiiiiiM n^m% wUuh aia oaw at Uia 

jl. G« ** Jmy will not b« saffieicnt, 
md mmm mam be bad/* 
0. P. * Hie matUr aball be attend- 

A.Q* '^t wiU take my leare ; and as 
W^^M ba oaii^bora for a lime^ hope 
|W« ba •BoabU.*' 

fbaiaaiMinne to Ihbi drtlrty vaji not 
■Ala, bat «« tboii^bt frum t'be twinkb 
tf Mlar LfObo^a «>'«. Im» vi^a«i perhapa 
mmmariai^ U§ biniaalf m ilift kr>^yiga of 
tba a inaiari lamuitrytnaii^ '' V tnly par* 

daviri mmtsiy tl kt ' abortkius" and 1 am 

Tba M^iao KdHor, It apfimnii con- 
aivaiba acobor nf tbe ^'^ E(-J«^«^tr«l Ad* 
Ar^iaa ** an AMricaa, a bluiider which 

llttm vbaa* Edit rg 

iiiMlba Siilat^ m 

§ ^gporatKie iitibecioinrtig 

any other thnn an Engltih souroe. But 
rrvenont a nan nimilom. 

Tho crowd of men and lioys in tlie 
l^wt^r und of the room <>T*enefl nod form- 
ed ft passaj^e for the Ainoricftn GcneraJ 
and \m followers, who inonnicd their 
burfics. itnd plzy^c^d themselTes in front of 
the draf^xms. Arms were presented and 
thu t'^valf'^de left the plaza. 

CHfi«vrs were subseqnently detached for 
the juirjwi^ of exsimining cjtmrters, and 
rr|Kjrted that they had found theresidenc© 
of SeBr>r *Sanchez. the great proprietor of 
haciendas, well furnished^ which was ac- 
cord ini;; I y selected AS the doDnicil for the 
Common din ^ General. Any change of 
position would be aa improveinenU We 
are in tim midst of old cotton ll^lds^ the 
ground thoroughly cut up by the plough. 
by the horses and mules of Ihc mrmy, ano 
by the eon^tJint carivnts of Me.\ieiins$ on 
their shit 111* tig fionieg and borricoa, who 
ktiep clouds of duHt flying all the tiixie, 
which takes possesion of meat and drink, 
till>9 the eye^ blockades the thoTBJCt and 
hcrraetiealiy aeak the pores, Drdls for 
thf^ time were abandoned, and oSicen 
aod men were moatly dtvidini^ their leia* 
are between brag: and the btUiard-Toom — 
prolific aoixroes of di^^t'ction and demo- 
mi ization. All went to town who could 
ptl permission, or erade the *^*ntlnelaJ and 
of the men who remained, thone who were 
not smoking, lounging, gamblings Addling, 
dandngt <^^ whistling for want of thought, 
were making bad bargiains with the na* 
dve peddlers, who formed two linea along 
the road, and were selling for gevend 
times their cakiMl^ eaa* 

dioa« eorti ' ^td, fodder, 

and other u.\ inur-^ in.lJl|:^fl.-i4iU"u jur tbta maf* 
kct. Impresaed with our harm km inten- 
tkms^ ttiey wei« bjghmlng to Auicr that 
tbeu- propenailJei l» fkm» had b««tt 
le|r&li^ An^ wifediniMidiQi moit eior- 
biuint prioes, for the wortfalaaa trash, 
which a soldier will erer pitrohaae when 
bt; haii I he money* 

Major Thomift, of the Quartermaster*« 

Department, amved on the tiriit of No* 

TMiihpr wilh the gratdying intuUigirnce 

: - on una nd of Colonel HiHsell waa 

jf or fin^ dayg^ march^ 

yiiUi n iale hour on the night of the 

2d, and ^— witii their 

^ '^^ ' *il advisors, were delila*rating 
(hfogramma of the pcrformanoe 
M^ . — ..i^ the confjncst of Mundora, and 
the wbiaper went forth that our fli^ waa 
til I M hoitiiad ^i t ^^ I K I < n \ f • ^: k n rvciaely, 
and Kalutod at ittt^ry 

of urtdlery. -i ^ ooB- 

dujdon, Uie lenUf Bunk miu dajk^iMia and 


NoUt from my Knapsack. 


quiet for the night, and men slept freely, 
until they were roused by the reveille to 
the great events of the day. The column 
straggled out of camp by instalments, 
the Commanding General and staff being 
in advance. The day was intolerably 
hot (the mercury at 91^), and our con- 
stant enemy, the dust, rearing itself in 
triumph over the horse and his rider. 
The attaches to the staff, agents, clerks, 
servants, Ac, were first peremptorily or- 
dered to keep without the presence ; but 
they were not compelled to retire so far 
to the rear as to be unable to perceive 
what might be going on in higher quar- 
ters. This annoyance having been dis- 
posed of, the members of the cavalcade 
were busy enough in attending to the in- 
dependent, impalpable particles of clay, 
which kept up a grievous assault upon 
all the organs of sense and sensibility. 
Occasionally a Mezicax) cart would be 
seen coming from the town, when an aid 
or an orderly would be at once despatched 
to turn the innocent offender from the 
road, to prevent any extra allowance of 
dust from coming ^^ betwixt the wind and 
our nobility." Notwithstanding these and 
kindred obstructions, the head of the 
column reached the Alameda about 11 
o'clock, where the road to the new en- 
campment diverges to the left from the 
principal street. At this moment, the 
idea appeared to occur to the enthusiastic 
military amateur, now prosecuting the 
delightful task of a first campaign, that it 
would be a very fine thing to march the 
troops through the city, though it would 
be necessary to retrace a mile or two of 
distance, in order to reach the site of the 
proposed camp. There was no disposition 
on such a day of triumph to interfere with 
what appeared to be a human gratifica- 
tion, though if the Commanding General 
could have anticipated the military mon- 
strosities and grotesque gaucheries that 
were to follow, he would probably have 
withheld his consent. After divers halts 
and marches, orders and counter-orders, 
grave consultations and verbose decla- 
mation, the column again struggled 
into motion, but before it reached the 
principal plaza, the active and untiring 

Major had hoisted the flag and 

established his guards in the city. — 
Thus the labor of the night before had 
proved much ado about nothing. The 
conquest was achieved without the aid of 
dragoons or artillery, and the star-span- 
gled banner was giving its ample folds to 
the breeze, without the inspiration of gun- 
powder. This disappointment was not 
Bufficieiit to satiate the appetite of our in- 

defatigable leader, who insisted that the 
troops must be passed in review, in the 
most public place in the city, and thence 
marched to camp. This exhibition par- 
took of all the characteristics of a mUitia 
muster. The infantry entered the plaza 
with their arms at a shoiUder, but as the 
imitator of the great Corsican did not ap- 
pear to know the identity of " shoulder " 
and "carry." and perhaps conceiving it 
necessary to make himself heard, he 
thundered forth the command, ** Carry 
arms ! " Instead of the cnick along liie 
whole column, which he expected, to fol- 
low as each man should bring his hand 
'^ smartly to the butt of his musket," there 
was a startling indifference ; not an arm 
changed its place, and the only motion in 
the ranks was to get ahead as fast as pos- 
sible. This they were permitted to do un- 
molested. The infantry in front plodded 
their weary way ; the artillery and dn^ 
goons passed by with stately and meas- 
ured tread, and the Arkansas cavalry 
brought up the rear. Not the least con- 
spicuous objects in the gay procession, 
were a horse loaded with fodder, led 
by an Arkansas trooper, and a mule be- 
longing to one of the dragoon oflSocrs, that 
on its own hook kept ^* tlie noiseless tenor 
of its way," in spite of all opposition, un- 
til it reached the centre of the plaza, when 
it poured forth a most sonorous blast^ 
that sounded 

** Liko BolADd'8 horn In BonoesTalle'a battte." 

The whole performance might have {&b8- 
ed for a good-natured satire on the pro- 
fession; ridiculous to those who know 
nothing of military matters, and worse 
than ridiculous to those who had any ex- 
perience therein. No better method couJd 
have been devised to exhibit the army as 
a mass of imbecility ; its numerical strength 
indicated only weakness, and its want of 
unity and exactness in evolutions, arising 
from the circumstances, would seem to 
demonstrate ignorance of drill and desti- 
tution of discipline, and a total inadequacy 
to the tisk of conquering a country which 
should oiler any opposition. Though every 
man could have been counted as we moved 
through the plaza, and the incompetency 
or indifference of officers and men ap* 
peared so conspicuous, wo were mortified 
that our real efficiency could not be sub- 
jected to a more satisfactory test 

It was a difficult problem in militair 
engineering to determine a clew by whida 
the column could unravel itself in the 
narrow streets of the town, so as to find 
its wa^ to camp. The task of collecting 
the different fragments, welding ^*~ — 


Fm&l and Fair, 


aedtt to||cli«rf sod g^tlsiig ihmk in tho 
ngfai diff«0lloa, vftii ho«r«vtr fin&llj ao- 
«HfMbi4 bjr pMibg the hend of tht 
liitJiBB llmfif n m pmot noir the rctr 
if tl» fiolmni, lad trrenng ib« jugulir 
if IB AtktaomM oonifuitix with n^niotse- 
iHi l iwlii h pmo iw Whi>n the httc of th^i 
«H^ intf fMiched^ the eonftisbn e^t the 
fMHinc iMTl of UuB tky, ir«8 renewed 
wiik tdSlioita ind virkUons, Th« poai- 
Ita te4 tMCii itl«et«d antler the imme^ 

Ailp iUfMrfumi of 1 hut there 

^ad Imii no aaadjatmont of plaoes tu the 
MbfVBl Brnw, ioa oontf moim wiTe marctt- 
ii ii all 4igwgiimm t '' ' ' right pom- 
te^^ttddrifw Ih'^ it to mftka 

ivflB fbr oChenL wb^ m mr. ie turn would 
fffeably ywlrl to the nejct i!omer< Thi5 
Mlf rtmmif te tfai« di«M4or w«a flnaUy 
Mil ift m §nM«{ poioiiiioii, m the story 

goeS) fbr eaieb one to pitcli his tent as he 
chose^ and the '' color Jitie'^ so fiicd ftt 
last aJW thia initmier, could hiirdly b« 
dasaed among slraaght lin^s, or ctiTTes* 
It appeared, however^ from a sUtement 
of the Topoptiphtcal Engineer, that the 
original dcsig:n was thus acciderj tally cur^ 
rieci out, namely ; to form a combjimtion 
of wedges or salient points after the prin- 
dples of Vaiiban^ thereby making a beau- 
tiful application of Iho higher branches 
of military science to caatranictation. 
When darkness fell upon tho eamp at 
night, there were but few who could ** de- 
fine their position,^* so thoroughly con- 
founded and mixed up, was one commnnd 
with another. Daylight^ however, en»- 
bletl the raen generally to give thom- 
Gelves a *' local habitation." 


aY OKI Of T]t£ LATTKa. 

^^ -iaaMU«DdMenoHii£Vll^t»i«blrdis 

^tm f airi 'itii 1 ti«T« hmrA '«fD dilrp tiff mmMI 0»«ak and t^Un. 

*JipM-i^t«al^lMi««M «^ OivvIqii, dilfpnUoB, H^diitot Wlii«Ueiilk»i, CRivfttSoHf Cfteklt«UAQ» 

1 0amiYm tpmk tliwl, tl»«t trt leflmcd «&fUim** ' 


(IE fUBMlca on Atona. Tousseners 
dStf fftietftiir tn a late number 
d Vtn, mrn^i mv ' !te<Hildnot 

tfviUlllbiif iD#U iig thefbre- 

kom liandol^ih'fl Amvntai^ 
tii« yew ICH whieb foil 
my f^e about the aatnd lime* The 
Eimoiig. ForgiTo me 
j« whn aay^ ** Thoii through 
italityf and fumy, Muiis. 
T* MTPM bk ^kjitCU ftiprhping biiilM 
«■ VOMtfK ja tme eommon giftry^^ 

FnaLJI tBTcntiioii ban racked heaven 
■I flMtli« le fitDduoi ' Ia Nocifteaiii^ ^ 
Im tW UuBblM tbat eradtate Ibeir mart 
if %titmm^ to Use ^Itt^rm^ cnmmU of 
^^ fcntmlitre. f I ia the mtiouAl molto 
H i wi b t Mt Ibi book tn f]ucsttou itt 
MiH( Iml aurk nia^ i hatv md rtarl 
k I kB«» mtf iiti|ied Ibc cmun of an- 
i^v^ «rlikMa, daring ai a honejli«« 
•«^ «ba vMiltir«a hilo Dtofid lii?a»— 
lai witbout eril blmt 

a£ii] iiiyiaa haTe been 
m flotm^i yncilMii, itaoa BtSea- 

dom* picturing the eharms and hlandtflh- 
ments of woman. Fire, oin and wnter 
have f^imisluHl each itci apiiropriate sym* 
bol ; the refulgeney of sunlight ; the !«!# 
cold ^l^tter of the itars ; and the e?er 
ehangiti;^ uJttua each haa lent ita pottfj 
to «we!l the anthem to ber prausei why 
not now tax bird^laml 7 

^ancy thoughts will obb*tidej boweverj 
wht'ti and where tboy sliould not; and 
PLiirt\ dL'finition of man* a biped viikmit 
frather^f with Diogenes* prai^ticul t*lud* 
datiun of the samei a pluekcd chicken 
turned in among bis diMifileiL rose unbld- 
den to my tnind^a ayef aad In Jitxtapoai^ 
tion women wd\ fi-»thered I 

**Tht'rc H an old fablo^ that Jupiter 
when he made mm, ^ve him bia eboioe 
of wiujeit, or injagit»ation ; he acoeptwl the 
latttT^ which ahowa our falmlous pt^ge* 
nil or had amae bramx*^^ Thua, in «yr 
*' Monde dm oiaeaux^" i doubt not chim 
be many pitaaaot fandea, b^t bom aa f 
have bean in an atmospbere of coiumoii* 
liliMi, iMli Iftna I atriw to lond bna^nir 


Fowl and Fair, 


tion wings, like those of Icarus, the wax 
will melt, and I get a sudden cooling 

At the present epoch poetical rhapsody 
is not the language used to charm the 
&ir sex. There has heen a descending 
scale in woman worship. The old muses, 
who were wont to be awakened, each 
time a new divinity was apastrophizcd, 
now sleep in peace upon Parnassus — 
and the race of Phillises and Chloes, lie 
buried beneath their flowery mounds in 
Arcadia. Tribute had been paid at beauty's 
shrine till nature, exhausted, gave up* in 
despair of finding novelty, among any of 
her elegant symbols, to offer on the altar 
of adulation. Throwing aside a censer, 
which no longer exhaJed perfume, she 
abandoned the worship. Then came the 
Age of Reason, and woman descending 
from her exaltation abjured blind adora- 
tion. In abdicating her hereditary throne, 
she may find, like Christina, by gaining 
liberty, she has lost power — but freedom 
is the watchword of the age ! 

It was a good reply of Plato's, to one 
who murmured at his reproving him for 
a small matter, " Custom is no small 
matter;" and it seems to me that cus- 
tom, based on heavenly wisdom, estab- 
lished long ago, in Eve's time, the relative 
position of man and woman. " Mais on 
a chang6 tout cela" — '^revenons k nos 

I have none, as I have said before, of 
the Audtibon mania, and know as little 
about the feathery people, as the owl did 
about talking, "though he did a prodi- 
gious deal of thinking" — but there are 
some things which are obvious, even to 
unpoetized minds. The plodding, domes- 
tic habits of birds; their "bringing their 
food from afar " like Solomon's virtuous 
woman ; their attention to their nestlings ; 
their indefatigable pains in teaching the 
young idea how to fly. Their contented, 
cheerful, loving lives — what a beautiful 
lesson can be gathered thence; who 
would not wish his mate a Jenny Wren 7 
But alas ! Jenny Wren, with her " cur- 
rant wine and cherry pie," like the good 
Mrs. Primrose, is as much a rara avis, 
in these our days, as an ostrich might 
have been in the time of King Arthur. . 

The train of thought induced from this 
fanciful imagery, leads us to dwell upon 
the present era. There seems a note of 
preparation reminding one of migratory 
meetings among the blackbird clans at 
midsummer: may their "Crowation" 
work no worse results ! — because forsooth 
geese once saved Rome; here, their de- 
aoendants aspire to cackle in the Capitol 

The term hen-pecked has become honorary. 
Jays, parrots, and magpies are dubbed 
orators, a phenix endeavors to establish 
her claim as head of the fire department — 
and eggs are hatched by steam. 

When Napoleon was asked by Madame 
do Stacl "whom do you consider the 
greatest woman in France ? " he replied, 
^ she, who has given most sons to the re- 
public" — a Roman answer, i*orthy to 
be encased with " the jewels " of Cornelia. 
But where one eagle mother is training 
her eaglets to swoop deep into blue ether 
soaring heavenward, their eye fixed on 
the everlasting brightness, there be thou- 
sands, birds of a feather, content to allow 
their broods hatched in the forcing house 
of society, to hop about half fledged, 
looking, "as if nature's journeymen naa 
made men. and not made them well, they 
imitate humanity so abominably " — ^how- 
ever, let us leave there the genia Aome^ 
and turn to the flock of pretty creatures^ 
who flit about, in many coloi^ plumage 
in the great aviary of New York. Fre^ 
from the egg-shell they chirp, and twitter, 
and flirt. The parent bird apparently 
heeds them not, or should she feebly, 
attempt teaching them to use their wings 
aright^ they toss o£^ and are away in mid 
air, where perhaps some hawk or other 
bird of prey, is ready to pounce upon 
their inexperience. Shall we drop all 
metaphor, and may we be permitted one 
word of exhortation to the beautiful part 
of creation — our women ? 

Unshackled by the conventionalities of 
the Old World, at the early epoch of our 
history, the form society took was free 
and guileless — such as villages remote 
from the baneful influence of cities yet 
present — generation after generation, this 
frank, pure freedom, indulged, became a 
characteristic, and our women were the 
most virtuous, perhaps, in the world: 
virtue is daring — conscious of Uieir own 
rectitude of intention, they knew no re- 
straints. But a change has mdually 
crept over the face of society. No longer 
a blank three thousand miles of ocean, 
places its wide barrier to the encroach- 
ments of foreign corruption — a bridge of 
daily intercourse now spans that world 
of waters, linking our republic with the 
nations of the Old World — our town has 
risen to be a great metropolis, where 
hordes of adventurers pour in from every 
dime. They look on m astonishment at 
our women. It is an enigma they cannot 
solve: or, if they attempt it, put on it a 
wrong construction. 

The freedom is well — the principle is 
well— bat the derelopmenk of droun- 


^wl und Fklf, 


Let thcso 
kttn t UkI to the 

nn»L LlI ibfui svck uihi*r occu* 

t titftll to »i** rVcT on tho WJIIIT' Not 
Wm witlj Frcjicb enact- 

or t luliii) rigor, the 

L|iarju£lul ' ■•■\ 1 would make 

* itljPti^ I wouid haro 

■HfU^ ' : y ni those, long fiio^ 

rirm^ tbe mothers of 
itfUiLiic, i nviuld Bay, be wise in 

-Bo wutt. I KCi>m the tnotbn! Fol- 
\ mmt»U, And W wise £ Tbit^s a 
I Itick r fkilh ! Itt tLk ah nee to b& 

lliu, I iimginui ibcs<i pre it j cfrcatures 

i mj triritncnti ajid ftll mj proti 

I Bit wailed ; but mrt there aot mothefs 

I «iU lend ft willing e&r ? Levity of 

m tho trying mn of our eoiumu- 

hm tlw tfaddinit irhool ^rl^ to the 

dvTvlogied dra«rbg-ixK)m belle— 

mm WM mm/0 mosor ftrisen to docrj 

imf It It not within fbe nvrt^w 

1 0i oar drawmg^roomA, that this 

f prmilft, but in otir Broidways 

INililic ptftC4»k In imttftting French 

importing French frippery^ 

bj Mit nnport fthto, Uie guiel, elep^nt 

r of the Fiiuieniw Jimme tommd 

I fitmi^ thai i^entto reierve al maDuer 

i^ich *ttr«0ta, whib it imposes respect i 

mil Iw alieeed this b «JI u-tifidaL, 

Ilia gcnumo pari^ of intention in 

piaftPTi. f** tkt*ir aaleguard ; pvited, 

t k> a M I letnimit there m fiotne- 

iifmr^ in tlib^ public 

^ of admiration, 

I in flie&^jr maimer 

* WOfUrij Ti^.sf limit, 
• It to A rtSbtM. ant » ] 

liaia liii!u«eid tne^ old cr<]i4kking rareo 
I am, to potir forth ray oocroua note \ 
iiAve I W^fi routed to indignation 
_ tlia rmiark :ir?r» ; oRajh hare 

'hmm vai*}v >ou"i5 women 

thcmaelT ' iiMch remark. 

tly a- i i to lio otip of 

tb« world, 
>M*uty hi 

>M*uty by 
H.'T, wbicti 

Amu'Dg ft 

V bo harbor 

do the»a 

aK %rn (^Atal^ 

a nab< iis to 

ttajpoiialiial lfi.ui.U'A^HUii.xi— Uics fa^i- 

l Spamard — the indL^leTi 1 1 talian — tbo 

'^ jKiiid Engllshwo^ 

man. cnchhaTe tstahlishcd thmr nationali- 
ty ; iti the category, where will the Ameri' 
can be fo mid ? Fri toIoujJt tretn bl es on my 
pen* Let her beware. Let those httle 
Wotica with ringlets flowing frutti be- 
neath their fiuscmating capote^ b« not ao 
demon stnttive in their ** nmU and bedc|, 
and wreathed smiicj*," *- walking and 
mincing aa they go" — other lands are 
making note of this — and ibou^h we at 
home are satisfied, that their wild oata 
onoB sowed, the^ tnake the domcstie 
wires that soit our firesidea, yet there is 
not a man among u% hut who condemns 
in his heart, this public prodigality of 
charms; and not a woman either, but 
who in her Hper years will acknowledge 

Wh«n ■be vm fnwia Ifi Jodpnent* 

ihe was allowed ft licence of froedom to 
which Bhe looks hark with fw>me niorti- 
fi(»tion* The fault hew with tht* pnrents, 
and as we started with an omttbological 
allegory, so may we extend it, and say, 
J ike the wild ostrich of the desert our 
women allow their young loo early to 
feel, that they are wami<3 into hfe he- 
nrjith a power Ibrcign to the parent wing. 
Tliat the precodons winging their way 
alone in their tnesptnencc; does all the 
harm. Mothers are not enough with 
their daughters, and I doubt very mucsh, 
if thero existed more of the sy*itero of 
matronly lafinence and HurreiJlaneef that 
the gay gronps^ who throng our public 
walks would appear less like a field of 
tulips, toeing their heads to every pasa- 
ing hrec2et inciting remark from every 
thonghtleas fop~<wnere are the;^ mothers T 
— adopting later 8t Paul's adrioa, they 
have beoome stayers at home — htit do 
they dream that the little pea-green capote, 
ana the two Chinane ptg^tatlSf pendant 
thorcfrom, is imbibing its Urst lesiOn, at 
thirtei'Ut in ogling und ineijiicnt coquetry 
at that nioiiieut. from mme ^torklike 
figure^ whoMs thin legs^ balancing an 
empty pute, secma to iitUc i'euiseod the 
ver)' quiiit4?jiaesico of Mantstu — or that 
her elder sist^; Capote Rosa, has more 
than oneo dwelt witn beaming admiration 
on a gloM^ motiatache. and o^miileiioUf 
whkh Faiidyke or Rembruudt iniglit ha?a 
rejoiecd to penetl, Init wbu«e nngiii, aa 
heir to »Bamo Italian barber or foreman m 
ft Haranft iesar ehof^ j»fvr was dreamt 
of in h«tr philoflopliy. $hv ii^nnot think, 
aAWa« naidofEoinbrar Frenoli^ 

author J ** cotnme lea D j < f en t }*m 

oii iU ont fia^ftl-i,'* Xii, 1 iMilicvo my 
lovely countrywomen JWl aa keenly that 
well- respect, and pride, eich wOBmi'ft an^ 


Natural DiplmnatUti. 


guard, as any others in the world— they 
are sent adrift too young, and their ex- 
perience is bought at too high a prioe. 
My cases are extreme, it is true ; but let 
each gay capote tax herself, and say, 
whether she has not been exposed to just 
such a fatality, by that open careless de- 
fiance of criticism which is practised on 
our public promenades. 

The thankless task of censorship is 
closed. For me, there will be scowls and 
the turned lip of scorn ; but there is 
within the hearty a standard of right and 

wrong ; and if my fair young friends will 
bring their thoughts and actions before 
that tribunal, coolly and calmly, they 
need seek nowhere else for counsel how 
to act — we take our coloring from our 
prejudices and passions, but if a virtuous 
mind, calls itself to account, it will rarely 
go astray from the pure internal decision 
of its heart judge. 

The li^ariefl Uiat thej themielTtfl proeora 
MoBt be their schoolmutenL** 


NATURE and Lord Chesterfield about 
the same time entered upon a trial 
of skill in producing diplomatists. The 
parties were as nearly matched as they 
ever can be, where nature is on one side, 
and a man on the other. Both parties 
exerted themselyos to the utmost, and the 
contest was a very spirited one I — it will 
be long before the world tires of reading 
of the strup:gles of both parties. The re- 
sult was — Nature produced Franklin, and 
Chesterfield a learned booby. Similar 
contests had taken place before, and have 
taken place since ; but Nature always has 
had greater odds in her favor upon other 
occasions, in the adversary against which 
she has been pitted. 

Our old spelling-books used to have for 
a motto — 

**^TiB education fbnnB the common mind. 
Just as the twig is bent the tree*s inclined.** 

The twig in the case of Franklin and 
Chesterfield, as in all other cases, was 
first bent by nature, and the father of the 
one could not bend his son to a taste for 
the soapboiler's trade, any more than the 
flBither of the other could bend his son to 
a taste for diplomacy. 

Benjamin Franklin was one of the most 
extraordinary men the country or the 
world has produced. Bancroft says, " he 
was the greatest diplomatist of the eight- 
eenth century. lie never spoke a word 
too soon; ho never spoke a word too 
late; never spoke a word too much, 
and he never failed to speak the right 
word at the right season." 

Bancroft, as is well-known, is a very 
able diplomatist himself and no one is 
better qualified to judge of Franklin's 
merits in this respect than he. 

Franklm, being the son of a poor soap- 

boiler, had very slender advantages for 
an early education ; but the strong mind 
and great love of knowledge that nature 
had given him, soon enabled him to step 
forth from the obscure condition in which 
he was bom. The country has been 
tolerably prolific in good diplomatists 
since FranKlin's time ; but we can pro- 
bably count the period that will intervene 
before we have another like him. by cen- 

Ex-President Van Buren is a very able 
diplomatist, and his father, we believe, 
bore but little resemblance to Chester- 
field, or, at least, subjected his son to no 
such diplomatic training as Chesterfield 
did his. 

We hardly know of any exhibition — 
Herr Alexander's not excepted — calca- 
lated to create in a spectator greater ca- 
riosity and astonishment than that of an 
interview between Talleyrand and Van 
Burcn, in which each was trying to 
"pump" the other. Van Buren himself, 
we believe, has given an account of his 
last interview with Tallejrrand, when he 
(Van Buren) was minister to the court 
of London ; on which occasion, (in com- 
mon with most others when they met, 
we presume,) the curious and interesting 
operation spoken of above, was mutually 
sought to be performed. The day Van 
Buren was to leave England for the United 
States, Talleyrand, happening at the time 
to be in London, call^ upon him, and 
seemed to have something important to 
communicate. Van Buren did not (we 
do not say could not) speak French, and 
there was no interpreter at hand. Time 
was predouSj and what was to be donet 
In previous mterviews, they had always 
communicated with each other throogh 
the medium of an interpreter. YanBrntn 


rSitrral MplomaUitn. 


«it iMrrcwi 

nil» ft motion poUl^ m^tma^ of hfa 
npti mi the j nffc w iiiln iK flf the int«r- 
fitw, ft&d mlm of the mtmsAtf of hi« go- 
iaf< After nn im|)AtJ«ttt gt^tun or tiro, 
f^^ajfVttJ bn^ki^ out in v^f ^uod fing^ 
liilt, witik ^* Willi, wcU, if thm w no in- 
|vpr« * i^>^ 1 mufil talk English^ 
If mz : i^DcEu^^ 

W« Tvrn wTP*f<s«ii to bo vpiy well in- 
liranltJi m (Wictot Van Bun^n^B ki\<m* 
M^ 9f Ungiuie^ bat we wunld just 
flMil ilMit if ftQj SiSft hftpiH'nf.^(l to t>o 
iBWceoiWiTi iiw dafnv^l to dimimtmi- 
cal* mmmMamU* another thut he dktii^t 
wiih Mr. Vft0 Bursn to understrntKi, thut 
hr rfi0Qld vne iOtDi olhir Iftoguige th&n 
tfa» Frmdi* 

Tb«« vn^e two wotnrn m the iKst 
Ufciotiuy who ilispliiyed extraordiniry 
■HJnwitir trnkaitu; no VxtrftoHinaryf in 
tet^ thfti Ibr m ione tiiiic they possessed 
' gTMl '^ ' ' '^'0 of the preat^ 

■r many (x*ntu- 
I1i» pftaOnmij luia exrn-twd no liltlo C(sn- 

tiol ««w thv dastioiefl of Europe. Wc 
illa4t to titi* Empress Jo^eephine and to 
l^df BttEtUton. We [rjok ill vain fur iny 
itiAllgff of the bc!ii4i]]g of the Iwr^ to- 
tnnlv ittfikntiaef In the early (wi> cannot 
mj adiiQitfaHi, fbr on« of thctn had none,) 
Itlligillg Op of tho diutg^hterfi of the YVeiit 
Vnlb^ ta4aot«r, and the {loor Itiborer of 
ijiirminirr^ Kitar«, in stpiie af the 
ftd terse drrtTTTi^f nTK*r^, yf^'mt'd bt*nt up<:m 
■dbngtlt*- Mtif. Powell, 

thp ai iw< * >.^ of her time, 

Md I vrt^rc both j»7rvants 

iMt^r of a Dr. Bndd*-<one 

t MHi»'rtmi'i, M 'h(jr a uurHery- 

■MhL W^ ler ,\\ the scrvitx'^ 

|0« Yimlind, cai^uiui^ii to fomhi&dow 
llbi& I^BifOiiMa lly*y both aflorwanU 
iflfti mrt Tk^ hciftM^ of Tmfnlgtr and 
Aurtpri iU nvTt*r bowed to anotiier^M in* 
%aamm wm ihejr bowed to tlmt of the two 

m liNig |«i>6tf>t|* l>i ^TT of ono 

«C tlmB woaH4i oTcr ibo creatMt of 
imi Imvocs, only teniiiiuit«a with hk 

Wick what a lamh Hand nattirt show- 
t dioiaect gifbi upon that rvmark- 
matXK Lady [lamilCon, ftnd what a 
of «xperirooe nhe underwent in 
g from a Uborpr^tf hovd to that 
•be ftllaiMd m ib« wife of the 
snbaMaKkr, and ui the more tlmti 
roCyto who wa» I* ri..H.-,.r.^. i.i,,i u',. 
biv« tbi< Imiit of at 3^ 

10 Ibr 

•M^ iwiItU^ a«iii hmi4 io cittuk Nature^ 

howevLT, rndowod the poor serrant gtflj 
Emnm Lyuu, with i;iidi a universality of 
genius, that she bounded uvcr thcN^ i>t4:!pa 
With an ease and Jightnesa hardl_\^ paral- 
leled in the realms of romance. From 
bein^ a poor mirsery^maid, and hired 
model for artists^ we find l*er a few years 
later the wife of a dbtinguiKhed Engli*th 
ambassador at NaplcK — a woman un- 
Ofjiialled in the beauty of her person, in 
the grace, elegance^ anil fascinations cf her 
manner^ in the extent, yariety^ and irre- 
fiisttble ohartn of her' ajceomplMthmonts* 
From rtmnliig at the sound of the bell to 
rettHve oniers for menial senrice tn the 
honfio of a teacher, we find lier f^iving or- 
ders to the British fieet in the Mediterra- 
nean, ruling th^ court of Naples, and 
completely subjugating the heart of that 
s^iniple*minded. ardent, impetuous^ fleiy- 
fioulcd hero, Nelwon. 

A most inscrutable bending of the twig 
was that which indicatetl the future career 
of the poor servant girl, Emma Lyon. 

Marie Louise, the daughter of the House 
of Hft|isburg5 might have licen exj^ected to 
have Bueked in diplouuMry with her luoth- 
erV milk. The twig in her ca^se^ as well 
as in that of most daughters of kin^ 
eould not well be suppotied to be bent by 
ctrcuinstance« in iny other direction Uian 
lowarda diplomacy ; yet it is well known 
how she (Himpared with Josephine in 
di|ploTimtic powers ; one was full of saga- 
city, ai!!uteness^ nnil ttict, tbe other wa*i but 
lit tic removed from a iilo«:khead. 

L«>uis XVL, who from infancy to man- 
hood, couhl have breathed no o their air 
than a diplomatic one, wlioie bib and 
tucker m a baby, whoM^ Jiekit tnd trou- 
ierit ajt a bvy^ whos^c coat ftnd wig as a 
man, n^unt nuce^Karily hare been deeply 
impregnnted with di[»lt>inftry. was almost 
de vo i d o f capari ty iw a i i i p 1 *j i uatt^ t. Whit 
ailed the inclination of the tree in th# 
cai*e of this poor, unfortunate king, b« wdl 
an in that of ni08t of the rent of the Bonr- 
bona ■? If ho had lived rn Cijuneetieut at 
the present time^ he migtit have ma^Je % 
fortune^ and acquinKi some dij^tinction as 
a locksmith J or h* might luive rendered 
8omo service to the Indian tribes with 
whom \\%A iHin Elra/4?r iti »aid to bave 
»t^ i " ■ '■'■]■- ' .. ^^ x^ ji ^f0^ j^ 
n* i Atiiic^ the society 

ol >:iiv Jill* jiJinj-MrjM w y men. of his con r- 
tiiTR. lj<Kjk», every IhmIv and vvury tiling to 
pi't awny by himself .njfi irorAc on lofJfci / 
Whut a nm^nlnr umtiince uf llic tiute and 
iiKliiialimi uf II m«n runnsn^r u hulh cuiju- 
ti'r to ht^ €«hu*atitm lutd w^i 

what an imitanev of a lo\*e ! * !»y 

nature for what was ao (ar remo. 


Natural JHphmatUU. 


the thoughts and habits of those among 
whom he was brought up. 

Nature is oftentimes very irreverent to- 
wards works of men that the multitude 
arc taught to hold in great veneration ; 
but it never would have been believed a 
century before, that she could have been 
guilty of so great a disresf)ect to the mem- 
ory of that pompous and "solemn swell" 
Louis XIV., as to have dared to make a 
locksmith of his descendant. 

The career of Franklin shows with what 
an« inexorable will nature seems some- 
times to decree that her work shall break 
through all the trammels and impediments 
by which circumstances have hemmed in 
and surrounded it. When Franklin was 
sent minister to France, "he found on reach- 
ing there that his reputation had preceded 
him. His arrival in Paris created the 
most intense sensation. The greatest men 
in Europe flocked around him. and vied 
with each other as to which should do 
him greatest honor. The great philoso- 
pher was as plain and simple in his attire, 
as modest and unassuming in his manners, 
when the observed of all observers at the 
most magnificent court in Europe, as he 
was when in his printing-office in Phila- 
delphia. But there was as much diplo- 
matic cunning pi-obably exercised in the 
arrangement of that plain quaker toilet 
of his, as was ever evinced in the most 
elaborate and costly one that diplomatist 
ever wore. Sheer force of intellect had 
enabled him to burst the bonds which had 
held him in obscurity, add he quietly 
kicked aside or clomb over all the obsta- 
cles that encumbered his path, until he 
took his place by the side of the mightiest 
in the land. The soap-boiler diplomatist 
and the Bourbon locksmith, in the course 
of human events, were brought face to 
face, and as they confronted each other, 
the spectator might have exclaimed '^Look 
on this picture ; and on this." 

** See, tchat a grace was teaUd on thia frroto, 
A comblnaUoD, and a funUf indeed. 
Where every god did seem to sot tila seal, 
To give tbe world assurance of a man.** 

This was one picture ; the other was a 
good-natured simpleton, with a little ca- 
pacity for lockmaking. 

While Franklin was creating such a 
commotion at that codrt of which Mario 
Antoinette was the head and leading spi- 
rit, the daughter of the poor Lancashire 
laborer was spending her time at ordinary 
servitude ; but she became, not many years 
after, the confidante of the sister <$f Marie 
Antoinette, who was queen of Naples, the 
ruler of her conduct, and the controller 
of her fortunes. 

The Bourbons were a very fastidious 
family (most of them), and Louis XV. 
(except among his mistresses) could not 
hold much communion only with persons 
whose blood had been purified by at least 
two centuries refinement in the ranks of 
the nobility. 

A woman of decided ability in his reign 
was declared to be ineligible to some post 
about the throne, because only about » 
century had elapsed since her family had 
first been ennobled. Nevertheless, if 
Louis XVL and Maria Ix>uise had asked 
Franklin and Lady Hamilton concerning 
their pedigree, after giving them an ac- 
count of it, they might with a good deal 
of significance have asked the question so 
earnestly put in ** Our Best Society," to 
a nobody who was the son of somebody, 
*' But, by Jupiter, king of gods and met, 
who are you 7 " 

Lord Jeffrey's speculations upon the 
early career of Franklin are as interesting 
as they are original. The reader, we 
think, will forgive us for making the 
quotation, if he should be familiar with it. 
"We caimot help fancying," says liis 
lordship, " that if Franklin had been bred 
in college, he would have contented him- 
self with expounding the metres of Pin- 
dar, and mixing argument with his port 
in the common room, and that if Boston 
had abounded with men of letters, he 
would never have ventured to come forth 
from his printing-house ; or been driven 
back to it, at any r.ate, by the sneers ot 
the critics, after the first publication of 
his Essays in the Busy Body." Lord 
Jeffrey considers that Franklin became a 
great man because he lived in his younger 
days away from a highly cultivated and 
retmed literary society. (Our inference 
is drawn from the whole article, and not 
from this particular extract.) lie at- 
tributes his success principally to what he 
escaped. And what did he escape? Why. 
he escaped the unwholesome influence of 
a college education, and the society of re- 
fined and learned men, and enjoyed nt- 
stead (when he was not occupied at soap- 
boiling, printing, or with his books,) the 
society of coarse-minded and unlearned 
men! Most of the other diplomatists 
whose lives we have been considering^ or 
propose to consider, happily had similar 
privileges. They all enioyed the advan- 
tage in their younger days of a freedom 
from intelligent and cultivated society; 
and while we have sought for the germ 
of their success in the irresistible prompt- 
ings of nature, Lord Jeffrey would ascribe 
it to their having escaped those great evili^ 
a regular education and the oontaminsttng 


foltffsl JHphnmHiH. 


^WilL «mv did you inwl** smys Mra, 
emhh iA Mrs* Brown, ** Nii, I iif ver," 
m|illH Mm* Brown ; and these a:imTni^ntg 
mmffmu »JJ wv hAve to saj in reply to 

Onooftbt' ; * ' i<'i»fi hor*>en or the 
fiVBCll IteVT. ru Hochc, a man 

vImi ioraiod Uj l^jiuuhk!: kU thi* talent tiiid 
l^iBi ol NipolaOD with greiikr inte^rtty 

Inordioary Ulcnts for diploutary. From 
til* feiei of hi5 hiTin^ bwri ihe son ol a 
iMMEtlen tDftiiy wotitil giipi^fOHO rh»t the 
tul;^ litff^Uing of llic twig tow&rds diplo- 
mmcsr. in hut mm, m fftr a& uduciitiun that 
way went^ muBt hftto been very stiprht, 
W*s» bowcirer. mre otb<:*rwjgc mmd.>«l. We 
09VW yet knew m very ehrcwd horse- 
JodceTT who, we think /would not m^ke 
B gopi «Jr(iIotnmt[st. Hi.' Almost iiiyanAblj 
pmmamat a good knowledge of butrmn nar 
Imi <takk penotrttion into and aeut^ die- 
oraimtkin of ot i r- • - - r :in sjtnn i a te 
iBJ dimama.1ai# wr Iidw to con* 

«nl tnmialf from ci....*. . ..^4xtiaa£ 

*3vt Itwiikt Ukf^ «ir*i7 flfhtr dmii 

It wfU b« rwolWtid with what indig- 
iiOt ijtonUhmf'nt the elder ^\lr. Wc^ller 
IWIIHP'1 nf hill ^'yn SmmV disicomflture in 
Ck« ffiploma} y<T between him 

ami i\m " m* > i^p in MitlWrry.*^ 

DnMtftfifff tlic AihaiiUgCji of eirly ediH 
fltttinn 8m had enjoyed, runoinn ih« 
illiiat% h ' ' sltfoping about th^ 

■tfiai^ ^STelW iboiiKlit it 

Vii diser»<^i^»K .^ML..j< ijoyi are vory apt 
l» Im Jbrvwil and xharp-wittad^ and wo 
■a^eomider Boche^a rducation an raib^ 
fte«tor»iMi fbr th^ derelopsient of the dt- 
|dom*tir ialcnt Of the unhappr fklca 
wli I upoTi mi tiiJiiiy of I tit* prt>- 

BUii '>r tho Fr**m'h R<fVtituiMin^ 

tkmiM %rm InH f»'W, morf- to hate t»een do« 
plorad tliati thrtt nf r rrn. llucbv. Me was 
o^pOBBtl to > '! poil1on1^d at tluj 

a^rfy a«w t^i urio ail«r hivm^c 

' cyidenoe of his cnpii' 
;Ai««]yui «nd i^etieral* 

Aim«Ki imiii '' ti :». — rtilatlUg 

Qpgvi what < ocmao<^ 

awBcwii if l»i li"^ ««^. j*<^ T^..ii uiN arniy 
m Ireland ; and wa are inolined to birlieTe 
ItMA cbe <ac«aiy of no singla fitateninan 
Imh dona NO miieli tor Snietand the lant 
eaiit«ry, m thai adeeree wiod ha eooouti- 
lefMi whkh obUfid h^m to put baok to 
Franctt* Hwn^kftn hw teatiBed to hia 

''Uaclie wv one of itit llr«t f/fomh 
UmI «far Ffifloi |istMliioed« Ha wa4 

bratOj intelligent aboundinfe in talent, 
deciKive and penetrating. If he hacl land- 
ed in Ireland, be would hate aucocedcd* 
11(9 was accustomed to ci^il war. hud paci' 
fied La Vendee, and was well adnptwl for 
Ireland, He had a flne^ handsome f\pm\ 
a ^)od addre^^ and was prepos8t^a^ing ani 
intriguinj^/^ Thiers Iclis m tb*t be wha 
Itioked upon by all republicans m the 
only man who could singly have? sucoe^^ 
fully opposed Xapoicon. He was certain- 
ly macje of very superior stuff to what 
most of Bonaparte^s marshals and general s 
were oornpo»ed ofj and if he had lived 
would uudoubtedly have proved a formida- 
ble riTal to him. The French Retotutioii, it 
is Tery well known, was exceedingly pro- 
lific in every variety of villaiiis, from tha 
ominary rascal to moui^tera more wot^ 
derfnl than " the anthropojihafa and men 
whose heads do grow beneath their ahoiil- 
ders." A man who occupied about a 
halfway position between the two* was 
Foticb^v the notorious chit^f of piyYuyi lo 
NafMnleoiu The necessity of employing 
such consummate rascab about a throne, 
wc think dearly enough ahows why it ik 
that *' uneasy lies the head that wear« a 
crr»wn." Notwithstanding the numerotia 
and unmitigated villanies of Fouchc*^ he 
wa« a very able diplomatist Nifjoleoti 
said '^ be could worm all your eecreta out 
of you mth an air of catmneM and utieon- 
cero/' We iniroduoe the following anec- 
dote of him, aji related by Alison* for the 
double purpose of showing the diplomatic 
akill of the supple and un^rupubua 
floouodrvl, and also of tllu^lraCmg what 
mighty events may depend uiion seem* 
ingly very irivul circuioistnTit'es, 

"That unparalk'<led inlri^UiT. who tiad 
Ijoen in communication with Wdlinaloa 
and Mctt«rnich all the time lie wa.^ olii«f 
miniKter under NafH>leon| had promi^ to 
fui-ni)4h the English general not only with 
the oxi£t mument of attack, but with the 
plan of the campaign* Welling? fnn w$m 
hourly in e^tpeotation of tliin int^]ligem\>, 
whioh woulci have enabltnt him Ui know 
in what direction he lihould n 
hi» lonxtti I and thenoo it wast t , 
tncittonl««i is his cantonments, iww 

did not 

it, nmgt l>e given In] 

Foudil^i oim wordg : 

WmmMi and bird \ 
pfcmiiaed marvelg i^nd i 
Engliith gt^n«!ralii^simQ c 
ttlmuhl at the very Itrjwt ^i . 
of the eatapaigD^ I kn«yw lui 
tlie ualbrttfoeii attack would t>^i 
tb« ieth or 18th at latwt N 
taoded lo gtve battle oo Uie 1 
Eilgliab army a£br havmg 



Editorial Note$ — Ameriean Literature. 


ones, and are by no means rare in the 
world. They are contained in the follow- 
ing extract : — " Wits have not always 
been good ambassadors; and vain men 
have generally been the dupes of the 
nation that they were sent to dupe. The 
best ambassador is the plodding, dull 
man. who proses and bores his hearers, 
until he has fairly wearied out the patience 
of those whom he is sent to ; such char- 
acters have generally succeeded in gaining 
for their courts what they wanted." Yes, 
and such characters, the world over, are 
pretty apt to succeed in gaining whatever 
they set their hearts upon. Our own 
observation of the almost uniform suc- 
cess which waits upon those persons in 
every department and sphere of life who 
possess these qualities, gives us an un- 
dying faith in the truth of the observa- 
tions. Who will hesitate to add their 
testimony to the fact that the perseve- 
ring, energetic, brazen-faced, rhinoceros- 
skinned dunce, all over the world, meets 
with twice as much success in life, as the 
modest, sensitive, quick-witted, man of 
genius ? 

Chesterfield and Talleyrand were un- 
doubtedly two of the ablest diplomatists 
the world has produced, and were also two 
of the greatest wits; yet we have the 
testimony of the former to the effect, that 
wit stands greatly in the way of success ; 
and in the following extract which we 
give from Chesterfidd, he may be con- 

sidered as indorsing the truth of the pre- 
vious French writer. 

" That ready wit, which you so partially 
allow me, may create many admirers; 
but. take my word for it it makes few 
friends. It shines and dazzles like the 
noon-day sun, but, like that too. is yctj 
apt to scorch ; and therefore is always 
feared. The milder, morning and evening, 
light and heat of that planet sooth and 
calm our minds, (jood sense, complai- 
sance, gentleness of manners, attentions, 
and graces, are the only things that truly 
engage, and durably keep the heart at 
long run. Never seek for wit ; if it pre- 
sents itself; well and good ; but even in 
that case, let your judgment interpose ; 
and take care that it he not at the ex- 
pense of any body. Pope says very 
truly — 

* There are whom beaTen has bleat with store of wit, 
Yet want as macb again to govern tt' 

And in another place, I doubt with too 
much truth — 

* For wit and Judgment erer are at strife. 

Though meant each other'a aid, like man and wills.* " 

Hardly any two other men could be 
found better qualified to pronounce judg- 
ment upon the profitableness or unprofit- 
ableness of wit, than Pope and Chester- 
field, for both of them had a very unusual 
endowment of it. 


American. — A most alarming avalanche 
of female authors has been pouring 
upon us the past three months, nearly all 
of whom arc new ; and we have allowed 
a large heap of books to accumulate, 
while we have been waiting for an oppor- 
tunity to attack them and classify them. 
The success of Uncle Tom and Fanny 
Fern, has been the cause, doubtless, of 
this rapid development of female genius, 
but among these new books by ladSes, wo 
recognize the names of some familiar and 
popular authors. Nearly all of these 
books are novels, and it is rather remark- 
able that only one is on the womanly sub- 
^t of cookery, an art which is popularly 
imagined to belong exclusively to the gen- 
tle sex. But, if we wanted to say an ill- 
natured thinp; about woman, which there 
to no possibibtj of oar erer being guilty 

of, we should say that all the good cookery 
books have been the production of men. 
Certainly, no woman has yet distinguished 
herself by a treatise on the culinary art 
while many men have. The famous 
cookery book of Mrs. Qlasse, which is of- 
tener alluded to than read, it is well 
known, was not written by a woman. 
Mrs. Glasse was only a sell; and her 
witty recipe for cooking a hare is the 
only recipe of hers which has been re- 
membered. If there has ever been a fe- 
male cook of sufficient importance to be 
known beyond the purlieus of the kitchen 
in which she worked, we must confess 
ourselves ignorant of her name and 
achievements. Ail the renowned dishes 
that bear the names of their inventors, 
have been the productrans of masculine 
grains, and we monld be as much snr- 
priaed to hear that a lady had invented a 



mw diih, - " of 1 Itijv 

Vftttti or Soyrr* ; not *'veQ a fi*fti»il** Hril- 
kt-5J«»ifcrTo, ' The n» ' "^ 

1^ r«eet|>is nt 

I nrt' biw<*e<l on hm 
Mi^, und on & 
hJH fill Mi IDC? Art. 
"lid b« 
^ mid 
btti of f^uf^n rifanit.*** jumI tiicmi:^!- 
sboald bs itn* 
mnd we sre boqnd to say tlmt 
Ledlk* wrrt** with ^rc* t «ta« 
h«f li^Dgtm^ 19 someiifDii 
tiMl her metmng unotirUisa Thvn 
it b wilh putn wv mJlude to ilm ft^ 
b too eTifkrit. llmt ^li^ tliinka too 
Iff the J^tt**t mrt w^M^h ^he hfti at- 
/ lo itvve mitniriinnii in. It ig n^t 
tar mIi wm with ibc gre«t miHt^i^ 
tb« w^Hd their dob turd by 
tte dte*ert*li«if)« on jmt-a-feti^ 
tad othf I ' '• : to|>icj?, an 
mig jmi^t ; 1 }icr things 

worid fthff rifirfiriH »h t^rititlrd to thfi 
cC • human bt^iojt b««ide« pof*a* 
Iftlbtifcry '^^ " ■ *'^'~Hn<*k,t^onr 
^ ' following 

*Ab« y oj< »«- 

THICK allowed by 

tit ^Ta 1 .lasses!'* 

. ! ** and m 
M|gb a t#w tittfpHi tmlii wf stumble 
gnoii th« dtr90lioi» Ibr making 
akc& and vtewini: terraninn* Now^ 
irery rfiaractcmtii? find womanlyj 
t wm «wd not h4vo tt , wo 

i^ to «p» women wt^ i jiui 

■idar that the tit] ^ i.s^ Nicw 

bvdph^ foE Coo4 '^'oon a tt>- 

^illprr!^'' . ;^tid mnothcr 

^'aTclv wo find 

liirlin. w..,viui B«ak Duickifi* 

I lit 111 1M ntamdifitood u qh- 

^ Mi** T4-*II('# nM\n|it l^xik, we 

if' ' 'libit* 

, 'J fijr 

inaArmjSmfVk »i waii iultfud««i t ^^ 

I •#« fbr AoNiyicait ilishaa atici mad^ 

la tka Anmoan Utuwm- 


wife, and no on*, wu pFC^mitne, will be dis- 
fxised to qnarrvl with tbc nuthor for ftv- 
ing naore ruforrnntion Ihiin she promised. 
Such a book, 1*^* a yottng hous<?ket?por, 
who" knows (i cood dt*ftl more jiliowt th^ 
pmno Umn ^nes or pudditif^s,, — and nearly 
all young ti ' rn in this country, 
aiT of that - r lic» a rt^al blessing. 

For sojch, e.^im iHjj V iviiw* Lc<^lic haA jp^ifcn 
copious direction i for *'tbc iielection of 
suitable trtieles, in pr<?pjiring br^^akfas^ts, 
dinners and suppers" whicli will l»o found 
not the least instrnctivo part of her fol- 
unie. There am the oombinstions of Tiiy 
siniple elements for aliout forty different 
kinds of break fa^t^, Hotne of which huve 
an alarmingly siibj^Untiftl look; as the 
foUowbg, for \m Anttnnn break fast, for 
instance i *' Prgvons Att^wcd with mnsh* 
looms ; ftHe*l sweet p>tatoes i boiled to- 
tnatoc»-*mnfiiuE? ; miJk totJit," or ** hash- 
ed duek ; bam %roiL«d ; potdiod egip i — 
fliinnet cakes ; tosAt-' 

A breakfast like that might serre some 
delicate people for a dinner. Under the 
head of ** EcoNomtcAL Dinwehs for 8irjiLi 
DijsNias/* we find ^^Yeal cutleta; ©>ld 
ham I »piniich; turnips; potatoes i pok«| 
aspars^Qs— baked batter pudding/* What 
poke may be we have no idta. for the 
name h new to m an a dinner bill, but it 
appears to be a favorite with Miss Leslie, 
as j^he inclitdcH it among tbe elem(*nts of 
her'e<jonomical dinners* It is worth find* 
ing out ; for ecoaomkal dinoers in these 
days of high prices^ are not to be de$pii^<d. 
and if [)ok» should be not only ecooomi- 
cal» but wholesome and palatable, w« 
donH think itH uniuifory name should |if«- 
vent its becoming faNhionabte* Undi^r tbi 
hewi of Cmti-HTAiAs Dj^Nra. we And tht 
following n^iuarkiiblu et>llix'tion^ ^'lioaat 
turkey; cranio rry fiance; boiled bitn; 
twmips ; beets ; winter sqtui«l| % ailiiot 
pies/' No plum pudding t Tbir« Mm dK 
n^tionfl hr Nicw Yicam^s DiKKciif bnt 
Now York^iTH neTer eat dinner on Pffew- 
rearms day* Under tbe hcatl of YtaY 
Nif^a Fi.!kiiLT D}iii«£aj« roi Spriko, wo 
And the following : ^' Cat-fish «oup \ roast 
Jamb with mint saooo | piias ; asparagufl » 
spinach; mund rio» podding; gooa^ 
berry ftj*>l/* Vory wat^ w« ha?fl no 
doiitit ; but cat-dsh Bati[i and BOOiabMty 
fwl have nn odd eoHad to Ui WBio wsm HOC 
familiar with thoM hucuma, Tlim bpi 
liao oopkma finalrtictiotit for 
tksa, hrttakfoMt i«arli4Mi. and oyiitBf i 
and tb ittKtrnctionit ill' the 

art qf I > uot differ if they 

>ur t-fn i.a . ■ M^. 11;.^ lisLodA of Miii 





Editorial Noks — A^teriean Literaturi^ 


—The Master's Hmise, hj Logan. 
Want of space prcyents us thk month 
from noticing thi^ new work^ in wkich 
soothorn institutions ar^Q the chief cle- 
ment of interest, nt the lenfjjlh which we 
would he iiliid r^ do* The work is pub- 
lisbe^l hy SicKlrath of this citj, and is un- 
derstood to ho the production of si well- 
koo^-n literary gentieraan who has re- 
sidt:(l many years in Louisiana, and who 
cannot be accused of not knowing any 
thing of the snbjtct whereof he writes. 
The Master^s House was evidently sug- 
gested hy the sticces;; of Uncle Tora, but 
it is in BO manner like that work* There is 
very little of filave or plantation life in it ; 
the author's aim appc^ara to have been to 
depict the society and social usages which 
a purely tlaveholdiog and agricultural 
oonun unity oreatjes^ And ho certainly 
has done this with great power, hut, of 
course^ not witliout exaggeration. The 
*5cene of the Master's House m chiefly in 
Louisiana, hut it commenees at a New 
England village. The hero of im possible 
Tirlues is a fjlaYc4iolder, but all the other 
diftncters are of a very different typo. 
As a Btory the book hm no merit, as 
there is nest to no story in it ; but, as a 
Euoc^ession of sketches of local ecenisry and 
character, it hm very considerable merit, 
and will be Hkety to attract attention 
both North and South. 

— Benton's Thirty Years' View. This 
is the first part of the long title to CoL 
Beaton's first volume of personal reminis- 
oenoeB, a book from which we have an- 
ticipated much piquant and profitable 
reading since we first read the announce- 
ment of its being in print. The second 
part of the title is rather more significant 
and definite: 0/\ A History of the 
Working of the American Gomrnfnent 
for thirty t/earSyfrom 1820^0 185(X Tke 
first Toltnne forma a book of 739 closely 
printed pages in double oohtmns, and we 
very much doubt if any book of equal mag- 
nitude has been p» hashed during the preis- 
ent century which t^:intains so little thai 
is worth pre*jerving. We never suspects 
ed Mr, Benton of being a great man* but 
we never imagined that h\H rc'putation 
had so small a foundation of original 
power* ns we have found to he the case from 
revliog his Thirty Years* View. Mr. Ben* 
ton ha^ been thirty years in the Senate^ 
and during that time he has had the en- 
tire i^ontldenoe of the |>eopIe who sent him 
there ; he has, during all that time, been 
masler of himself* and enjoyed greater po- 
htical ativantM. ' .my other man in 
the nation j ^' -iven him a splen- 

did phyiicat euiiMiLunuu, and he has all 

the natural adrantagea of a great orator^ 
a comtLianding pereoD, a grave and im- 
pressive manner* and a itentoriau voic<». 
He has led an irreproachable life in all the 
domestic relations, and has been a h.ird 
student ; yet we do not find that he has 
ever been a leader m tlie Senate, or has 
ever identified his name with any great 
political measure. The world is no Witer 
for bis having serv«^d thirty years in the 
Senate. The great achievement of liis po- 
litical life seems to have been his advo- 
cacy of the ** expunging reaolntion," a 
trifling piece of pftrtisan service scarce 
worth iQfiDtiojiing in a g]rm7e history* 
Col. Benton's book is not a history of 
^* the Working of the American Govern- 
ment," so far as the government workj 
itself upon the character of the people^ 
but simply a reporter-like review of 
what the government, or rathtT the dif- 
ferent governments and parlies of the 
country have done during that time^ the 
lion's part, of course, being that of the re- 
porter. But J notwithstanding the great 
sjiace devoted to what ''Mr* Beaton saidj*' 
*'I said," "I" did, vrrote, advised, Ae, 
the author does not play a prominent part 
in bis own history. He was alwaya a 
second fiddle to a Jackson* or a Van Bu- 
ren- Ho l*oasts of having the same qual- 
iiicatiotis for an historian that were pos- 
sessed by Fox and Ma^kintoshj inasmuch 
as h^ too, " had spoken history, acted hi^ 
tory, lived history," But, a man may do 
all of that and yet not be a good histo- 
rian, as, indeed, Fox and ^fttckintosh 
were not* The literary merit of CoL 
Benton's book is not great j and we have 
been surprised at the want of method in 
the production of so methodical and ex- 
act a compiler. There is hardly any 
tiling In the volume which could not be 
found in a file of the Washington pap 
and we imagine that future historiaii 
will prefer going to original somisaa for ' 
tiie materials of history. But there art 
some few things in tiie volume which are 
purely Bentooian, and very admiralde in 
their way* S uch, for instance, as I h e hiogra* 
phical sketches of Hr. Macon, of John 
Taylor of Carolina, and of other political 
worthies whom he had known persL>nally, 
He appears to be too much of a hi*ix) wor- 
ship j)er to he himself a hero, and hr» de- 
votion to General Jackson Is too absorb- 
ing and intense to permit him to make a 
reliable analyst of the character of that 
remarkable man. 

— Ctifron's Hi^ory of Caiifomia^ 
Califoruia is rather young, aa yet, lo have 
a written history, hut it is very dosiimbk 
to hare aU the authentic inrormatian that 


Editorial Xotcs—r^'i^crif^an Literature. 


cui be gathered in relation to its present 
Cbclition ; and to give this appears to have 
been the aim of the author of a History 
of Caiifornia. by E. S, Capron, recent- 
ly p«iblished by Jewctt & Co. of Boston. 
The early his tor}' of the country is rapid- 
ly glanced at, but the author lias, very 
|Ti)|vrIy, confined himself to the present 
oun lition of the gold State, ancl has given 
a futod deal of valuable mformation, much 
of It gleaned by personal observation and 
rjtcarch, in a plain but clear and readable 

'^SargenVs Standard Header, Eve- 
ry one who has had the advantage of a 
regular whool education, well knows the 
importance of a Keader, and how much the 
maiure taftteof the man is iutluenced by 
the forced reading of the boy at school. 
Kcaders. heretofore, have l>cen exceeding^ 
ly imperfect, and many of them appear 
to hare been compiled with but little in- 
telligent thought or care. But greater 
attexiiioD ban. of late, been \tsi\d to this 
clan's, of books. an<l, one of the U*st of ihcni 
t}.at we have examined is the Firift Class 
Standard Header, by £|k.-s Sargent, 
vhirh lias been lately pubhsiicd by J. C 
lierby. The selections have l>een made 
vuh irreat care, and with an eye not only 
10 the rhetorical but the moral character 
of tho piccf* M-!ccle«l. 

" l^kt^ntn-auhic Vietrs of Ef^ijpt^ Past 
and Fresvntr gives us the result of the 
l>r. J. P. TicomisonV travels in tlie regions 
of the Nile. It is a work Injth (k*scnp- 
l:Tc '►f the incidents of travel, and of the 
fruits of scholarly rtsearch. The journey 
wah begun in the month of January. \SW\ 
and contmutfd for some three mouths. 
Mr. Thompson calls his skelclu's " photo- 
pnfihic views." Ijecause tliey were taken 
ai the tim*f. " froni the li^ht which each 
licw itself threw up>u tin* mind. photr>- 
graj»ht^l from the outwanl u|>ou the iu- 
wir-J.'^ But we do not alway.4 lind in 
tV Q the i^-TftMrt a«fMr:u'V which the 
iiHpr;>,-':'»n luifiiic*^. althouirh Uiey are 
IaiViUx] enough to (imvey a pretty vivid 
«xiir».>-;tm. It i** dilli«*ult to write any 
tiiinr aViut K^ypt at this day. whieh 
(•.'nail be strictly new. except in the way 
t^iat l>r*{r»iu<< does it. by unfolding tlie 
iii^aninv; of new di.'»c»iveries, and yet it is 
quite as diffi<Milt to write aljout K;rypt, 
ar>.1 not li^ intfn'sling. The oldcNt of the 
Dati<*n*>. by tl»e wonderful light which her 
uribiincrd monum'.'nts throw U{)on anii- 
qriity. has lierome the freshest of the 
iiation«. and her tombs |K><«sess all the 
DOTelty of in tenant, of a modem re vol u- 
tKin or a contemporary war. The anti- 
quarian, the linguistj the uinoloj^ibt. and 

VOL. IT,--8 

the Christian, are alike absorbed in the 
revelations which the science of the 
nineteenth century is disclosing, from the 
obscurities of a once almost forgotten past. 
Mr. Thompson, being a clergyman, dwells 
particularly upon the relations of Egyptian 
memorials to the Hebrew Scriptures, but 
he . is not one of those bibliotes, who 
carries his reverence for the latter, to the 
extent of hisisting upon the literal inspi- 
ration of every letter and figure as they 
are now found. lie admits that the 
Ilebrew computation of time cannot bo 
reconciled even to Poole's short method of 
£g\'ptian chronolog}-, and frankly adopts 
the longer dates of the Septuagint version. 
Nor, in doing so, does he fear that he in- 
validates in the least, the real contents of 
revelation. His whole account of the lise 
and progress of Egyptian discovery is 
intelligent. liberal, and animated. 

— We remember to have read a part 
of Mr. Hammond's '• IJiils^ Lakts^ and 
Forest iSceneSj'^ when they were first • 
printed in the Albany Daily lic^n'stcr, 
and were charmed with a certain fresh- 
ness and buoyancy of feeling which they 
exhibited. Now that his sketches of the 
wilds of Clinton, St. LawTence, and Essex 
Counties, with their primeval scenes and 
famous hunting and fishing grounds, aro 
gathered into a volume, they have lost 
none of their original quality. The style, 
we note now, ij» slightly too auibitious 
here and there, and would gain by sim- 
plicity, but the description of lone lakes, 
silent woo<ls, roaring waterfall.s. and all 
the moving accidents of lL^h and fowl, are 
none the less animated. The .'«t4)ries of 
backwoods life, of encounters with Ix'ars, 
snakes, and *• Ingens.-' make little pre- 
U.*nsions to humor, hut are still racy and 
truthful. an«l have the ^.^-nuine smack of 
nature about them. In these branding 
d:iys. with a .solstitial sun overhead, and 
the stones of the pavement hotter than 
the ll(M)r of l*an<le!nonium. it fills one 
with a thriil of despair, to read these 
pleasinc: tales of the cowling fyre>t'> an<i 

— The '• Serif }iurf Ifradinirs*' of the 
liev. Jons Cimmim;^ are biur coniinents 
on the I><Mik of <iene>is. They are, for 
the most part, plain. pra<-tiral. and din'Ct, 
and <lo not aim at exe;:esis, yet the jk-i feet 
coolness with which the writer treats 
some |*:irts of the literal text, as if thu 
dithculties fiCiinted out by Chri>tian .sc*hol- 
arh had no exi^teno*. is almost amu.'^mg. 
He ac-tually rontetids that the waters of 
the deluge were alnive the highe<tt moun- 
t«imK of Asia, and then adds: *' HitrluMM-k 
believe.s tiiut the delu)g;k: v;^ w^V. Muvw^v^tai. 


Editorial Notes — Engliah Literature, 


Yon can read Ws roasons, which are per- 
fectly consistent with true piety, thoufrh 
not satisfactory to me." In otiier ircspecta, 
these comments are intelligent, clear, and 
forcible, showing a familiar acquaintance 
with the Scriptures, and a rare power of 
explanation, with occasional eloquence. 

— The '-Tent and the Altar" is by 
the same author, and contains a commen- 
tary upon the {mtriarchal life of the an- 
cient Jewish fathers. *• The patriarchs," 
says the writer. *' lived in the dawn of 
the Christian dispensation, and in tlie 
youthful days of the human race. Each 
tent was a little world revolving round its 
own fireside. Each patriarch was a prince, 
ruling over few but faithful subjects. All 
of them were among the first cx|)eriments 
of grace in a fallen world, the first proofs 
of its transforming and elevating influ- 

— A useful little book is " Baker^s 
School jMusic-Book,^^ which is a collec- 
tion of songs, chants, and hymns, for 
juvenile classes. A simple system of in- 
struction in music is first given, and then 
illustrations taken from popular songs and 
hymns, adapted to the tastes of the young. 

— The latest number of the fine Bos- 
ton edition of the British Poets contains 
the poems of Falconer, with a life of the 
poet by the Rev. John Mitford, and co- 
pious illustrative notes. Falconer's verse 
is not the most vigorous and musical, and 
yet his "Shipwreck" has no little fasci- 
nation in it perhaps as much from its fore- 
shadowing of his own fate as from its 
intrinsic meiits. His minor poems are 
feeble and scarcely worth preserving. 

— A neat anrl complete edition of the 
^^ Poems of Samuel Rogers" hos been 
prepared by Ei»e3 Sargent, in a style 
quite equal to his late e<lition of Camp- 
bell. It contains all the poems that the 
venerable poet has published, with a most 
agreeable and vivacious life of the author, 
to which the memoirs of Moore, Byron, 
and other contemporaries have helped to 
contribute. Mr. Sargent has a rare facil- 
ity in culling the pleasant things of litera- 
ture, and in putting them together with 
discrimination and taste. Those who read 
his memoir of Campbell will be eager to 
get his remarks on Rogers, which are 
quite as authentic and none the less 

— Among the posthumous works of 
the late distinguished divine and traveller, 
Dr. Stephen Olin, was one called " Greece 
and the Golden Horn" which has been 
ably edited by his friend, Professoe 
McClintock.- 'it is chancterixed, as the 
editor f\jii by the nmc quKlities of ex- 

cellence that have marked Dr. Olin'ii 
previous writings, particularly his travels 
m the East. " His mind was singularly 
comprehensive ; but at the same time hod 
a rare facility of accurate and minute ob- 
scr\'ation ; and qualifications, com- 
bine<l with a severe and conscientious 
truthfulnes.s, fitted him admirably to 
write books of travel. He does not give 
us romance, but reality, which is better ; 
he tells us what he saw, not what he 
dreamed." At the present time, his nar- 
rative of his sojourn in Greece will possess 
a peculiar value. 

— No complete history of the " Pro- 
testant Church in Hungary" \\^& been 
prepared previous to the German version, 
by a friend of Merle D'Aubign6, whkrh 
l)r. CitAiG has now translated into Eng^ 
lish. The materials have been drawn 
from authentic and original sources, and 
we have^ the word of the distinguished 
historian of the Reformation that they 
may lie relied upon in every particular. 
It relates to Christian experiences that 
have been hitherto almost unknown, and 
opens up a new chapter in the annals of 
martyrdom. "We get, in the course of 
the narrative, some impressive glimpses 
of the political condition of Hungary, 
under the rule of its different Houses. 

English. — The author of the " Theory 
of Human Progression," who now an- 
nounces his name as P. £. Dove, has re- 
deemed the part promise of that work, in a 
treatise on the ''''Elements of Social Sci- 
ence," It is in style and principle very much 
like the Theory, quite as elaborate in logical 
forms, and quite as original in its main 
purpose. Mr. Dove, as our readers may 
remember, lays it down as a fundamental 
proposition, that the Sciences are devel- 
oped in a strict logical order, which order 
is also their chronological order. In other 
words, each science has its peculiar ob- 
ject-noun, with which it is exclusively 
concerned, but the study of which leads 
inevitably to other objects, in a regular 
sequence. Thus arithmetic, the most gene- 
ral or comprehensive of the sciences, con- 
ducts us to algebra, algebra to geomctr}'. 
geometry to mechanics, mechanics to 
physics, physics to chemistry, chemistr}' 
to vegetable and animal physiolog}', and 
physiology to politics, political economy 
and morals, &c. Each succeeding science 
is an application, on higher grounds, of 
the principles of those sdenoes that pre- 
cede it, and cannot be perfected until its 
precursors have attained a considcrabie 
degree of devetopment. But when tboso 
precursors have reached a positife or cer- 


Miii&Hai y&m^SmlUh Ltkf&iun. 


i itftfai, the miJbldiiig c»f the oUiefs be- 
I ftmAltH-ofomuiKw Asfioonafltbe 
idttDoet, the foroe fcionces, 
llijikily Um filmkAlt tnd tlie phy- 
toiiM iCMQoa »» mofie or Urn cqhi- 

politktt Bit J politic!^] economy, must 
kl ft greater certitude &ad perfcc- 

Mr^ I><mi^i diisificfttioti of the sdenoes 
• la QQmtB% «ad jr«t m many «- 
t ^itllt diflfaraiL }le ift not a stinpte 

"f lik« Comte^ but JMlmits of in* 

meUphjKicttl truths whkb 
rij«et&. ik tha ordisr of hia ar- 
aim, looy b» does not foUonr pre- 
tlitt ntn* mqmaat m Comte, be- 
I be clanfles w ladettccs according 
» tlM rdstboB of thought while Comte 
I aooofdmg to the depeudeDoe of 
Mf. r>o?e wu» ftccused, by 
■b finrkWf jihortly uflcr the 
of Iiii '* Thtjyry/' of baring 

I bit tyiltm &otii th&t of the p-mt 
|iliiloiiOph«r } but m a pamphlet 

b» wroto IQ reply to the critique 

mtd that ilic[rQ wen emotud dvs> 

I b«tw«Bfi lb« two schemes; whUo 

1 t^t up to th@ ttme of writing 

»li0 VM cuttrrly ignorant of tho 
hk ^Cmiempotary, It was eer- 
reisftrkililtf UiEi two thmkefs, 
uokoowfi to well oili^f Abould 
Iftlka solo nacfa iimilar trunB of 

I I but Mr* Biivo'a ei^pliimticm waa 
' ts to BCf|tiit him ftt one© in 

I of il' 1 min^ men 

itbftehai^li^ ;vptii[ouj£|y 

1 tJlo labyr:i ol othom. 
iMotaof PoUHoa SeaencA,'^ U 
rtD polltiof of th 
' tlw tliaoffy. The oljjt 
^ teooir<&ic to thftt, i« tiic lut k of 
, Aful ih« whole and cxdudiri^ fimc- 
^ Hw «Ut)B b lh«i ctttabliAbmeiit of 
I MBm aU taw. Tb» Itgiaktor, as 
km wmnrng ta do with Vntvulcnr^^ 
* ^tiliU'* or any other ot 

r Mj^tcti ntay fait Jp£ u 

jfccn af other tcktioaB, but the tiei- 

r mC poli^ca deak &lotio with equity or 

Thb atEtamcnt la not new, 

Oy ia IhN ewmtry. where m l»r^ 

■H bavo alwayii 

nf tliB »tAtc to 

< -tratian of 

ribt^ truth 

if by 

of polttlti 

the chk'i 


nk to^rtjui m 

tj!, tint we 

hop© to tnako it th© subject of a caf«fhl 
consideration b<sre«f4er. In the tnetli 
tone wo content ourselvea with a wiah 
that it mmy be speedily republished in 
this country. 

— Among the posthumous works of th« 
late SiF Thomas Noon Talfotjti£>, waa m 
** Suj^kmerU to VocaHQn Ramblcx^^^ m 
book giving an aooount of one of tbe 
Jeamed jurist's journeys on tbe contmenL 
In style and character it resembles the 
original which it ot*mpIeteg» It exbiblta 
tbe author in bis best light, fts an accom- 
plisbed scholar and gmcefnl writer, fond 
of relks, the gentler arts, nice in taste, 
poetic m sentiment, but never ptL^onftt« 
or vehement either in his hkings or dis^ 
likings. He describes with accuracy »n4 
jodgment, in » kind of sober enthusiASiii 
whidi has enough of admiration in it to 
lundle the sympathy of tlie reader, hut 
not enough to make an indelible imprea- 
sion on the memory. It is in vain that 
one looks for rapture in him, and yet M» 
obiervations and fancies ire always ge- 
nial and agreeable. We have marked 
severml passages in the book for extract, 
but mu^toonEne ourselves to a single onOi 
an episode suggested by the name of Sir 
WUlmm FoUeit^ an old companion al tbo 
bar, AS he read it io the tniTellers* book at 
a hotel in Naples. It is a brief bat strik- 
ing CQDimentAry on the hfe of a briUumt 
and succesiiful lawyer* tie says : 

wu »ti1i±«i) mcirtttllj vhea lie tneocl It-HiT ■ UlW of 
th« m^mX etfnfiil flD4«Tci(r% v^d lh« mont brUlltat 
fucciaiMi^-ft lUb letM^ |if!u4 isliialsfavd, Iio«m«4, 
t»]r«wt tii« wAnmaa kit vna ofdMaiatttofd vm^^ 
lb* Uib utttk MlvQOMi wbo beda«fttoT«4 vll^ »ni- 
pliant m^ tiM fhtvoMtt pluM la • ytiJIwtoa, w^4i 
la lU urrriM iavtitfai teUmit* fwrU^pfttliMi wtt^ 
ttit lnt«nf bk hiOpvK fe«n^ p«Mimt, ifllMitliiDit isii 
TieMiiKUtariuiirlltM; tu lil^ qI a pulKklaa aA- 
ialr«dbyttotttttim»Wytfft * MWlirtiewiiM, 
ldallx«d bf putliMfti^ fiPfiiMtod \f eppaa«iiti^ m* 
tMrtii««i bj lUe bMl; fKinfaltdd bj lh« wLiul, wIihp 
d4<4liilJm hMJUi va» th» *tilj*et af i>t4|GUa4it to bte 
•0v<ftilfft<^D«e«ib*d tei ta pFtM« bj tog fnodlfit a ^ 
Hi* of Ifii twifftas uifl wbiii r*ce«lMr Jt i 
dAiv te lb* iibrttoM of a l^v frlisdi; Um vaalat | 
liD4g* <jf » axidMt nd tinMil tp^iafceri 
flfikQtUd ttSM^pt* 4if taaiiM tn}bftdi*<i in i ^tai* if j 
iai.QOQr,, •tfqnlfvd in t«a j9v» bjf iji« bbom vblA j 
MiteiMd tti ttmofiUim— «n bU ibtt world 1 
of Btf WUttuD F«fl»tl Tb« poot"! astt 
« I^oci onifUj morltf,* tu Cki w U tAdlMtvi i«rtblf 
ilnrittAH. bv j>« p)Mjm la tlu» «Qrrjvtnf irmtlgM nl bli 
«if*«. Ti> mubUii. lif Iiti tmmxfft tu bto | 
ti« Iii» Mi aoiUlEkf; not a bmiiii** anodn^t >«* i 
diJD9»r i^i3n«<L tKti n |irfi>di>i« ' 
tp««r}i ' ifMfifHtnin ; M( n I 

Mrlktfii^ i>f«tfm«at | la 

diMib Uic» j,>rrvcT ur nnoTLftuij lm MHprviift. flow ] 

tAtBaifr^luTw mi 

•lu>ttM ttd In diifiy le 4 

*rhe aa»nf' Ismctnt t& applicable to efvry 

MUorial Notts— JSi^liih lAltnivare, 



iatoKectn&I c&reer^ which i^ oot eoDQected 
with literflpturei for books are the onlj 
mnb^r in which tha predoiig thoughts of 
^mus can be preserrai 

— One of the many evils of the existmg 
attempt at war, — for thus far it is little 
more than attempt,— is the tnuHitude of 
books that are prit^ted about Russia and 
Turkey. We have before us & liwt of 
some twenty or thirty volumes on these 
subjects, without tnentioning pampbletK, 
issued within the last two months* Some 
are personaJ memoii^ others compilatioaa 
from older books^ and others mera politi* 
cal catchpennies, A few, however, throw 
light upon the structuru of the eemi-bar- 
barous societies of both nations, and by 
skimming them one gets occasionally a 
good thing or two. In Dr. ht.%h " Last 
Days nfAk^andtr and First Daya of 
Nichoia*^^* we find this anecdote told in 
illustration of the universal corruption 
which prevails in the Russkn adminis^ 

" WbiD llaa Emperor AlexMoAa wM il «M el tb« 
miUtuy oobnlai m itw je*n 190 (lA m t«ur of laAp«e- 
ttoD^i l3« went nnmd vMtlng etitr lunua; $M ob 
■¥Bi7 tJbl0 ba Ibond ■ dloiw pivpftred, OBft of tha 
principal ftrUd«A ^T wblcfa comlAted In a Jtfong pig 
t««sttMl. The PrlDc« YolhottAkf auap«ctad Ihero wu 
mmt trliik. and cut olT the tbil of tha {?% and put ft Id 
hto poeliet Oft euterlae Uie next honm, tha pif was 
pmenlJcd, btit without the tail: upon which Pfioca 
V«lhAi0ky mid to tbe emperor, ' I think thlt an old 
ftlf'nd ] * The einpcrcn- damandad bla maanln^ wben 
be look ant tlh« tall IWm IiIb poeket and applied IC to 
thf» put from irbleb It bad bean Kmovad, The em* 
p«iDf did not Fellah the Jeit, and It waa soppoaed Uda 
pt«coof plaiaantrjlad ta the pcLn^*« dlagneu,'' 

It waa not unoommon^ we bate been 
told, in fo Finer days, when the specie in 
the banks of Wall-street was to he in?es^ 
tigated^ for boxes of gold to be setot tibout 
from bank to h»nk, d la roosted pig in 
Eussift* The same author asserts that 
during the rei^ of Nicholas, he has ^r^ 
ried on an uninterrupted war of twenty- 
eight years with the Circassixing at an 
annual loss of 20,000 lives, or of nearly 
6OO3OOO lives in all In the two cam- 
paigUB against Turkey^ 1328-29, some 
300,000 peris bod by sword or pestilenosj 
and in the various campaigns against Per- 
sia, Poland, and Hungary^ the losses were 
no less enormous. It seems to oost con- 
gideruble to maintain order in Europe, tf 
we may judge from these state moots I 

— Another writer on Russia, Ivas Gol- 
oyiji^^^t whom we gave a biographiciil 
«ketch in an early number of the Month- 
ly^ — ft Hussian himself by birth*— in his 
" NcUioTW qf EusMia and 'Iltrkeyt^^ 
mvm a had afeount of Kioholas^ whom 
Be describes as false>l)p9irted, cruel , r^ 
lej^tle&s, and without talent. lie 3»ysi r 

** Einopa* doea not jet kiww ibii mvu Be la 

Ihougbt to baTf talenla, and be baa only v\4xk Wt^ 
tdjj ^ill CI1I7 be piizzlfld which title to {Ira bloi— 
' A «n>«D^ Don Qi]lzol«v* 'A diUt^^arftml 9pdj!l«ii^ 
or *■ A worn ao^wblpper.* Haynan waa oblj bla popIL 
We ctfnlA giro tbe namocrf womea vboiii Kj«liolaa 
baft c&u»d to be whipped bj tbe polloa Ibr tbe crltne 
cf UberalLun ; and » troe Is tt, tbat al Bt, Pttteva- 
bnrg may hodj can tell ytm bow tbe«« affain a» 
maaiLgecl In tket, tbe Eoialana are to broken t^to 
dfl^potUm, til at thei" took on ft at quite fiatatal tbai 
women ehould he punLihed, an^l pqaJtbeti bj tbe 
wblp, * * When Puahktii, Iba pvMtm. |Ket of 
HoBftla, f^ll by th£ hand of an adveatarer, and tbe 
ptiopla wero cpdwdlDfr round the bouse where ho lay, 
Nlc!b(ita% In hiA JtrAloDftf, allo'^r^ the Frnichniaa 
who bad fct1]«Hl hitn In tbe duel to e«cape; icd* 
meetlDg Rrf loQ, tbe fkbalbt, ha aald to bid, ' What 
a pity that Fuali^la la dead' * i5lTfi» It bi tu kivpaft^ 
bko \09B* *D9W«f«d tbe old mas. *Te$. be p,T« ex- 
oelliiiil dljiDETiti" repJJied the Emperor, wbo waa 
Bpeaking of Count ]Uxi«ln FoaHkln, who bad died at 
Mdocdw some months before. What «xqabii{« taete t 
LEiraiaQtol^ anoUier etnlntuat BfUMtia poeit, died, and 
Klcholai «iieIalDicd— ' Ite lived IJfce a dof, and be 
baa died likfl obal ' EyloJedf wae a dlitbigalabed 
lyriu poet, KlcholiB barafad biro I That la bta wtrj 
of Uoatlug BQB»lan talent Pol^^jalelf waa auotlier 
youug poet of liberal t^jstJoadia. Htobobf eaUed 
bfm 10 bltn and etabraeod bim, Eriry body belioT- 
ed tbat be meaat to take him Into ^rm. He made 
bim a Botdler; and when the poet died^ a frt^od, 
wiabtng to And bia body, waa told to go and look 
tmoog tbe b<3Sfe which an need m eolBaa for tb« 
ixjnmon eoldlenl Bakoloflkly wroteaome ipLriM 
vntim a^iilaat tbe Cut. Bit jad^ aaked hba 
wbeiUser hv had not burled bta Sereeet inT«gtlTn 
against GoAf *Y&^* replied tbe poet, *^kaewli|g 
that Qod is mom merdfiil than tbe Ctat** Ue vm 
thrown tbto * duogecji, whldi he never qnitted, 
UTi *£ 1 €orpi«< Eveo at tbli Ttfj tnntnent Ntclio- 
Ibb Lft WJMiakliig bla T^ogeance on Buktin]!!^ wboni he 
ii pledged to Austria to liee|l» izujsafed tn |«1iofL 
Dli|;itit preretitd oar conttaulag tlie aad IJat of vic- 
tims^ and we will therelbre oopclude by mantloOlDff 
a iltiglB f^tt to allow Ida mode ^ traaslag' ftuaya 
iHMiia. Madame HaatoptchUi wrota aonie yessaa entl- 
tl«} ^ Tho Hiuband and the WUfr' The bii&b«lid la 
Buaela, and tbe wtfela Poland, and (be p<)«t abowt 
Ui&i If they do not love one anotber, It b for want of 
a prtipesr underEtnodlng. Madaoie Bastoptebln waa 
exited to Mdscow ; the Ootirl got* tb«r«^ and, ftt tb« 
«ad of a fow moutha, the Empreia mwfo the cEilo at 
t HeaftatrodeX aad Lnvlteii her to a baJ^I at tb* 
Ai i^n aa Nldialu ««« b^v be ordaia b«r 
to quit tbe palace I " 

We add gome other aoeodot^ of th« 
same Imperial p^reomige ttom tbs aime 

volume. — 

**At tbo Female Orphan IttMitntJoo, iL Petara* 
buff there la tbe oiiraery fbf goreitieMei^ plaoed Q9- 
del- tbe orden of Oonnt Ylaltdegoueki Oae of the 
yoitag ladU'tfl found bemlf in ah Intereatlof oofidi-' 
Uqu, and Li^Ame a ndotbeTf without Ifae Mipcrlnlatid* 
enta being able to ladleate pneclse^ wtt^ of Iben U 
wa^ Tbe Kmpeii^r, ftLrlans, ivvoatded lo ibe |ilBoa 
In perpon. He bamnfuod Uia yunnc ladles am! d^ 
dared lliatt uol^a Uie gafltj one aamed bemcif, ti« 
wimld cause tbf:m all tn tee rtsltef! by Ttofr^^'if^vmi 

U»'.- ^ 

firing- — ^« _», ^_.^, .„ .„ -^,„..-.. ,., 4^ 

pLci As b« piiMd Cltioagsb ibe «ORlAnrt «»e of tbe 

XB^t&mi ifeks^ET^tish Uumtun. 


vturt WCoBoi^alOQ* frota ta ftlfkont, site cotiiba^ 

BMHh<> M lATftntl ol4 mm vwlMd liluMtlf tn bli 
Ivl, Mi Mid.—* Yo«r If^P^x, ^ 1*^ "ii'l ^»>*' 
Iflvtttf ttKt «^ Tttm JllDff ftuwiUf ipMk ihn 
11^ l«l OMsd* «>i>tta« tu mm to II*— »apet^ 
|«« NM^r ttSliliiMd irtafaolv; *t)at If foq u» 
«bI«Aj *i*h^ i» Mtar a tliif l« irgf<d tfatt doat mA 
^mmm m ht tm^ tH ^^ ^va fln^giod ta det4h.' 
JttI litf* viiw ivpna^n tn SaUuIc In thtt Ittok 
•ii psteni eT tte Aatoonl, Uut U^a old cluj IopI 
M»w«riiii^p«Mli; b* Nduiie ptie, fbU biiok upon 

Ito fifti^ MA BVt« I1»oIL» IgEllL'* 

Wt nuipecft from tbt nature af mnuy of 
lilt ttoriM b tl)«a§ tuooks, Ihat they &r@ 
pMA op with m qjecf&l refereoce t0 tlio 
IRKei utalB of the Knglkh market 

^We hsire jiut spoJeen of & wark in 
froaii kit bjr the Iftte dxm^km tUlburd, but 
lit lagilih JottredOa mutxm alno extracts 
ftvn m dnm fottnd &mong his pap^^ 
II it • historksil iragedj in fixf! acts, 
Q^kd lb« CAfTiUJUr. iod founded upon 
lb» nrfolt of tli« CcrninioDn of Castile, un- 
^v ten John de Padillib. agi^t Cardmal 
AAritt, lb« rigpr>t ^ (" I'^irtes the Fifth. 
JU bi lafl dnst ftt the suue 

IBM « ftf^fail p i TotedfOjwltst, 

Mumamrwirm pQliiician, And a teadiraf 
i^lid% be hsu hatl great dilBcuItksMn re- 
«wilflig foch ingntngl J oppodte traits of 
•teieter, tmt tlie mobve of hk rebeUion 
i»«l9tf«i froia certain parsottal OQtrap« 
l4kb hm bad reodYed, uid the mdignft- 
lin COQMQVit tbireon, artfkdljr inflamed 
W Ilk vtk. Tk^ aeTenl pemmam are 
Mi-i iuiUMla J irfctb gift trulli and fldelity, 
t iibijte l k ttnlbS^ wtlli cxiosideTable 
Mfivtm iJdll, hot Uie plaj ts fiearcely 
idiaM to the atai^e, and awakpiiB no 
mi kkr«l in the reading. Talfouft^ 
MiiBtwhAt of a poet, vaa not a 
' J lEnd such of y» pkya aa hate 
tmehtd a modetmic domaoratteoewif owe 
illo Ube daJkac? and mutrf of the Un- 
giip and tha kaowkd^o of ata^ bual> 
■M; whkb tb«j dbplaT, rather than 
ftck drsfliatk moritii, H« wani^i vigor 
aii holddm^ wiule }ia refines tixi it^u^h^ 
lH<h k wt^rdi tad tentimenti to produce 
fhid tmpnEflioiMi on a akoeikDeoiia au- 
i iwf Singlktktt tod paitkolar pa*- 
ttM of bk pUjrt will ba matiabtnd, 
\m at t niick^ th^x cannot atlm t per* 

— A woril whWi i* r(^iN'i\ .n.* t*'^ little al- 
kalko Jttt no^ -IJaU IW* 

vkti, k J>m, W ' titjaisoF 

AtT PI GatAT Bhi7ai>/= iiie mott com* 
|kit aocmmt of the art fnllcritt of that 
eodstfx that bta tfpatrtd. II not only 

ffiTCS a full biatttry of Art in Groat 

BrJiamf but intelligent and discrimiiiating 
critidstns of all the lead lag pictnre-s, with 
judiciouB chamcEenjtntfona of the pTDmi- 
nent modem British artiste. The autlior 
u a learped Genaojij irell known by \m 
prevjouH writings on Art, who spent ma- 
ny months in England, visiting collection 
afler collection, with a riew £o an accurate 
dciicription of the whole. All the great 
houses which contain galleries of pfetures, 
engmvingFk or statuary^ appear to bavo 
been frec]y opened to Kiin, and he made 
excellent ufio of hia opportunities. In no 
country in the worlds hardly ejrceptini; 
rtaly, are there more line pictures than in 
England ; but unlike those of Italy, they 
are not easily accessible to the pubho. 
Belonging to private gentlemen, they are 
abut up in their town or country mam 
6km% and it is only on particular dayB, or 
by the intervention of friends, that the 
ttranger is permitted to catch a gUmpsa 
of thi^n. On the oontinent it is dil]#nmt| 
for nearly every gallery there is at opia 
as it could be, if it were a mtntnon poetet* 
Eiion of the people^ All that you hare to 
do is to present yaur^^lf at the door, l*e- 
tween sunrise aud sunset, to Kain ailniis- 
skm, and you may remain as long a^ you 
ptette, or come is oflen as you pleait, 
during tbeae hours* The oontbental galle- 
ries are, therefore, better known than 
those of England j but few of them, ex- 
cept the world-ikinou^ ooltcctious at 
Bome^ Floirenco, Yenioe, Dreadeu, and 
Madrid, are superior in the extimt or 
wealth of their coutcuts, to those of Dev- 
onslm« House, Chats woith, An&ley noune, 
Ikfr. Hogera^a, the Britii^ MoseuiiL Ac« 
We should like to extract some of Ur, 
Waagen's remark.^ on the present Htaie 
of An iu Great Briinin, hut the followiQg 
estipate of Turner, whose merits tie SO 
rariously approcialed, must aulBce : 

*0f til tb« KatlUi pilfitm «l tt)« pirlMl of nf 
vMt 10 lacteo4 t kfi«w Cb* l««it uf Ttuntr, luviiig 
•Md T«r7 1^ fll^lf «Qfk«t «iid tti»« «lmcwt «iiU]i«- 
nr of 1^ toter UisA^ le mf lw<^ \m, TMt% 1»2M» ud 
t<&t« t ■sdMTcirt4 Id fipilf tbii otsMva, wtd, lift v < 
itii •aMM4f4 la tmtilalnf • aaailm «f bl» t«toEan« 
wM dmwlDipi o^ tbi Mali tvk«i |iirl«di^ I Itol mf* 
•vlf ^aaltfi#d to g!v^« mf d«11banU aiftoloo ii|M« 
Uiiai. U ifTpMis ta is# Lbwt Tortifiir win % warn 
si«Y«IlfWf f««l»ti «««apftQf Hfii« mth pl«et Btaoag 
Hit SoiiUh iiii4itfa|>«*pil&to» tt vat ^ n Ler6 
trma AsMttf tb« modtm tagOOi p««li. In pe^ut 
nf IVt, un ItAdwmpA-pAiiitif h*» ^H m]>pa»iwa wUfa 
•treb TuttiUlltjr of UiwiL ni> btitorioul ItndaAiiwi 
» (blbu U)« mavt fxqidittf fbellof Har boAOtj uf Uam 
ui>! ttjh«i uf Ui^Uog : jii Ibo taai« ttm» bn bu Ui« 
powPT ^ mtklikf tbfm •tuitMi tb« nscwl t«i1«i1 
nuKidt of fwhff i loft J' BT^door, i ^t*;^ sed ikmiBf 
ip* l iac b i i^ f, « tittui^ fib'Parftilnuii •,i)4 pMe^ ^ u 
mtfMrof«tllb«tl«iMat* BoiMliiti b» ibQ traaM 
wtuip#<m]lir tttatgr; «Ula tta itv la tti ai* Ta» 


Editorial Notei-^Englitk lAierahtft. 


ried aspect, to e<iiully BabMrvIentto hla magiobniah. 
HU vievs of oertain cities and localities inspire the 
spectstor with poetic fMlings, such as no other pain- 
ter eyer ezdted in the same degree, and which is 
chiefly attribntable to the exceeding pictnresqneneas 
of the point of view chosen, and to the beaaty of the 
Ilslitlng. Finally, he treats the most common little 
snbjocta, snch as a group of trees, s meadow, a riiaded 
stream, with such art as to impart to them tho most 
picturesque chann. I Bboald, therefore, not hesitate 
to r«c»(^ize Turner as tho greatest Imndscape-painter 
of All times, but for his deficiency in one indispensa- 
bio element in every perfi>ot wwk of art, namely, a 
Miund technical basL\ It is true that the pictures 
and drawings of h\» earlier and middle period over- 
llow with an abundance of versatile and boantlftil 
thoughts, rendered with j^eat truth vf nature ; but at 
the same time his historical landscapes neyor possess 
the delicacy of gradation and the magical atmosphere 
of Claude, nor his realbtio works tlie Juicy transpa- 
rency and freshness of a Eny^doel ; while many of 
Ills best pictures have V^t their keeping by subse- 
quent darkening, and with it a great portion of their 
value. In his later time, however, ho may be said 
to have aimed grailually rather at a mere indication 
Than a rcprcsontatinn of liis thoughts which In tho 
latit twenty years of his life became po :fuperflcial and 
arbitrary that it is «^mctimes difficult to say what he 
really did intend. Nut tliat I overlook oven in these 
pictun>!» the freqnent extmordlnary beauty of oompo- 
bilion and lighting, which render them what I should 
rather call Wautifiil i>ouIs of pictures. The raptures, 
tlitrrcfiire, of many <»f Turner's countrymen, who pre- 
fer these pictures to those of his early period, I am 
not able to share, but must adhere to the sober con- 
viction that a work of art, executed in this material 
world of ours, mui^ in order to be quite sitisfiictory, 
have a complete and natural body, as well as a beau- 
tiful dOUl." 

— Among the Iwoks just issued, or an- 
nounced in England, we may note the 
following : Mrs. Jameson's " Common- 
place Book^^^ the thinl volume of Lord 
John Kussell's " Memorials and Corre- 
spondence of Charles James Fox ; " and 
also the eighth volume of " Moore^s Me- 
moirs^^ hy the same editor; — a volume 
of original letters by James Boswell, Dr. 
.Johnson's toady — a life of Amelia Opic, 
from her own diaries* by Mrs. Bright- 
welL, — tho ^^ Institutes of Metaphysics, 
or the theory of Knowirtg- and Being," 
by Professor Ferricr, — the third volume 
of Sir A. Alison's ^^Jlistory of Europe," — 
the ^'American at Home" by Judge 
Haliburton, — besides new novels by Mrs. 
Marsh, Miss Jewsbury, Mrs. Trollopc, 
and the author of Margaret Maitland. 

—The " Working Women of the last 
Half Century," by Mrs. Clara Lucas 
Halfour, i» an attempt to make known 
to posterity the virtues of Mrs. Hannah 
More, Mrs. Barbauld, Elizabeth Smith, 
Charlotte Elizabeth, Mrs. Sherman, Mrs. 
Mary Duncan, Mrs. Judaon, Sarah Mar- 
tin, and Hannah Kilham. 

— BuLWER is said to be writing a novel 
19 which the t^rit-rappingB are to fonn a 

part of the machinery, and in order to be 
accurate in his use of the new element he 
is studying the subject carefully, and by 
personal examination. 

— A History of England in Rhyme is 
not a novelty m its design, for there have 
been a great many attempts to describe 
the events from ^"^the Conquest to the 
Kestoration" in verse ; but it is some- 
what new in its execution, as our readers 
will observe by the subjoined specimen. 

Kinff Henry had. 
As it spears, 
With dub^ine liv^d 
For eighteen years. 

A.Queensh« was 
Of modest mind. 
Whose temper was 
Most sweet and kind. 

The Kinz. however. 
At oourt had seen 
A beauty, nam'd 
Anna Boleyn, 

And had for her 
Such fancy ta*en, 
t>n Cath*rlne he'd 
Not look again. 

But Anna he 
Would have for wife. 
However it might 
Occasion stiifo. 

While thoughts like these 
Torment hla brain. 
Their utterance 
He esQ^t restrain. 

^Ah, Kate, of yon 
** I don*t complain : 
"But that sweet girl 
** I must obtain. 

"•My wish, indeed, 
<*Imust flxliU, 
** For wed that giri 

Think of a hundred pages of such stuff, 
meant for " the Hope of England, of three 
years and downwards." 

— Dr. SoLGER, whose lectures on Ea- 
ropo gave pleasure to select and intelli- 
gent audiences in this city, has recently 
put forth a work called "' 7%6 State9' 
System of Europe," an exposition of 
modem functionaryism and diplomacy, in 
which Lord Palmerston is treated as the 
head Satan, and the whole plan of ruling 
the many by mystification and frau4 is 
detailed. Dr. iSolger writes with vigor, 
and from an intimate acquaintance with 
modem history. He is a Russian refu- 
gee, and of course, hberal in his political 

"Phemie Millar," by the author of 
the Kinnears, is just now the leading story 
with the British booksellerB. It is a nar- 
rative of Scottish life in a small fishing 
town of Fifeshire, and is told with mncb 
, homor and a dec^ inaight into character. 


Eiitmul JVbfef — Frtnch Likratun, 


jteMtflail Qovd ol the dijr. 

- Mho 

ip of M. 
tt o|icnit with & 

wrks oC tlio g:rcst 

aali»» of Qm stitbor. 
Vnif ik«4*:h uf AniiTt/s lftb<jr3« by hii! di*; 
t^pnift'^ r Yon lluni* 

IflAdty I sng part m an 

•aliil»Migf«£rhjr 0J: \m L^&rlitir v€.ars br iho 
•f»kL Iff' wn*! ^«*>rri in 178tlj is lie is 
ftftksil Hi«<c< hu hod Unm 

teeoaid n the ^xoes^m of 

Ihtir^ itbn. Ilo AdmiU 

tint W f ! n ho ^»ve ft laJjee- 

dtfVti Icj a tn^iu>i' ^^^lailliil ESOldk'T* AD »ct 

«ycli neirl/ oo«t him hi* lifci, but he was 
iDl «f in ig« to bike injr protDinent p&i-t 
in tK» •fvntfl of th«t titiie. A ntituml 
if<il ^ i ie for Tii!vthMi,!iti,-v itntiio^ htm to 
iipiiv f9 « p] r -cluik School, 

m bt pmi f I ejrimisatkit] 

Witib fivltct cotiliiiciico o( suoci<«5s. But 
i Mbv towiiMiiftn had ^*ii8t becti rg^eU^d^ 
nd Hovkgt, thi? cjc^mrnrr^ ftdtifiGd him 
•Ml •» AH)ly. 11m mtiswer wfti^ "My 
■ g mii i iammt mgra th^ waidd se«ni 
its Ilia fiulore; »t mny rste I h^^ipe tu be 
mmm liioemiftil^ thcmgh Tour Taming Ib 
ClfaiJifa4 tti intisiudite m^^^ 3f. J^fange 
pOTM emv— *" the old ^xcm^ of the ig- 
wrnm^ wad woeeodorl to the exnmiun- 
liBn, wlMreiQ he fintiid Uio cvididatc fu> 
ikHlbl^ Uuii h» oovorod him with em- 

\waA pItudHv. The funotis EcoU 


r iVoffilun, M> nAiN£3trii'iT2, wai 
ii MiannipLtMit that the jttudt^ots imd, m 
lliir denofiftmbonfs to Hill mto errors 
l i iy pi i tjr. to make Kport of bin ignormiiea 
*1llm ho wiihed to poae a acholar/^ 
maf% a mbqqa of th# work m tlio jfrA^ 
•miai^ ^bo began m a poin|ioiiB niati- 
Mr, wIMi «icii^d bumoroiu opjiositioii*" 
^ IL Lebonllaiiger,^ aaaJ be on one ooca- 
Mi. ^ joa hatv IMO tht wnq^ bava ^ou 
BBC t ••— - No,^ rir," wi« tbt «iiitxp«ctod 
tWBf, — '' Whtt| iir | naver aeo^ the 
Biaoii?'* csda^mod tha l^^oiDflBOr, who 
lad pmanvd Bona paaEillvfQMttQQ. In 
•|Ai or bin hMUgmtkn, tSa Btndaat oh- 
aOMlaljr ke|>l 1o th« Mtna aniwer. IIo 
lad baafd of Iha moon, it wai tnw fbut 
kid newtw wetm it Hobtb of latigbt^r 
tatfBl ool on Bfanr tide \ aad ftt^m that 
iKf iPTtb tha autbori^ of poor M. Eaa- 
Boidfatii waa ma far afv. 

AL Arafo libfda ua bobm oofimia t«?«- 
kri i M of lliB wa^ in wliicb edcq of sd* 

fsa^aoQ pivuiijw. xiw lamotis a 
Faifi0ckm^ doaa ool ifipeir to 
bai w«ll managad in tboat dtjn. 
ff ^km iVoff^wiun, M> nAixxstraiTa, 

ence and learning were treated by their 
lm|«riAj |)»trout When he wm eU'«?tcd 
MemVicr of the tnstituUv at the curly tige 
of twenty -three, be wm prcupntcfi'im a 
matter of course /o His Mfijesly* The 
ceremony took phce at the I'uik-nes, 
,whetie the Emperor^ Tftuminjsr fmni mn^^ 
rtririrtd the crowd of sarunU. ajni.ts 
aud iittintteiirfi decked out in ptvt^i 
ooatsu Af * Arago profe.^ses himself jib wkvd 
ftt tlje ea^'rness with which the men of 
mind sought for notice ftoia the man of 
lorce^ *- Ymu are very youui;/' was No- 
pol cone's first ohservatioTi ; *" what 4 s your 
nmne 7 " The astrononier^s right-brtiid 
couipanion took tliti aaswer out of hia 
mouthy spring, "Jim name is Arago,"— 
*• What ficicnt^ doen lie ctilti?atL< ? " — 
*'IIe cnllivntc'S Astronomy/* put in tlie 
k<fl-hand nL«iu;libon — '^ What luivo yon 
done ? '* •* lie hm just mea'^urvi] tlie 
Spaniab meridiiin/' hnNtt'n<*d Uy explain 
tho ngbt-hmnd friend; and so the Kuipe- 
ror, probably thinking thnt Arnpo was 
mnte or imijecile, turned fiw^y tu notice 
another member of the rmtituie, the well* 
knowTi naturalist Lamarck. The old man 
pn'^^ented a Umk. " Whafs this?** cm- 
claimed Urn Maj&sty, '' your aksurd meie- 
orolog)*^ ch 1 Tins is the work in which 
you eompctc with MatUiieii Ltm^tjerg. la 
It not If Tbia nnnnary dishonorii your 
latter days. Btick to naturnl history \ 
and I shall roeeiire your priHJuction^ with 
pleasure. As it is^ I only occ*'pt tbii^ vol* 
ume out of respect to your gmy hnir'A, 
Ilere^*^ be addea to an md-dw camp, **tiAkc 
iL^* — Poor Mt Latnarck, wlto had endeiv 
vorcd U^twi'on each of thesie abnipt Ken- 
t«nce<i to explain that the book he bad 
pre.HCuted did treat of natural history, waa, 
at length, m> overeouie thnt he actually 
burst inin tcara. Inimciiiati'ly aAerwanM 
|kL Lanjuinois came forward with another 
book. Napoleon iaid to him^ with a 
aneorin|| kiigb, *^I we Uiat thu whole 
Senate is meUine* m(o iht* Institute." — 
*' Sir^" replied >L IjuiJumaJ^^ ** the Sett- 
ate or all bud tea in your kingdom is tb^ 
one vrbich baa moat koum to attaod to 
1ittratur«. " This bold answer checkod 
lliH Miyesty, who instantly broke ott con- 
ferer;ce with the men of sdcncs and watit 
away with bii s^rouji of heioio gencfatai 
who wera aqiially ifkcaj^bte of apprvcia* 
ting looh ftoeioty. From what M, Ar*^ 
rulatea w« cm eaaily utider»tand how, m 
thai cxtrmordinary reignj a book of Mrds 
for clnldiiin m%s Huppreaaed becauae 
it oonlaitied the nhri.««T ; *" llw eock ia 
rather the tyrant than the chioftaiii of Uit 
— A iiktorif of Tutkqfi by LAJtiixiKC, 


'<%, *- 

^\^"XWVVi\^ M.^'^-WvVX ^^VA^WvA 

tlic true signification of his will ; first sought doubtless in good faith, to ex- 
VOL. IV. — 9. 


Editorial Xotes — Ft-ench Literature. 


is in press, and a preparatory notice of it. 
sijrncd M. de Cescna. appears in the Con- 
siitittiofinel. After praising tlic penius, 
activit)', imapnation and style of the au- 
thor, the notice j>rocccded to say that the 
**rrcface" would be found in another 
part of the paper, and the subscribers to 
the Const Hut ionnd were conjrratulated on 
King enabled to read this production, by 
one st> familiar with the affairs of the East, 
in advance of the regular Jiublication. 
" They will, |)crhaps," said M. de Cesena, 
'•observe some few expressions betraying 
opinions that are not ours, but they will 
understand that we owe it to M. Alphonse 
de Lamartine^s renown, to leave liim his 
entire independence. We desire to see 
nothing in this preface but the entire jus- 
tice which the eminent historian, in his 
dignilied impartiality, renders to the na- 
tional conduct of the Imperial grovern- 
ment so far as regards foreign polic}', and 
tlie Eastern question. It seems to us 
useful and opportune to let France and 
EurofKi sec what is thought of this con- 
duct by an Ex-Member of the Pro>'isional 
Government, and of the Executive Com- 
mittL-e. Praise from a friend is doubt- 
less a delight, but praise from an adver- 
sary is more, it is a triumph." Among 
the passages of this Preface, however, 
wliich occupies eight columns of the Con- 
stitutionnel, is one, in which he represents 
France as fighting the battle of liberty. 
The principle of obedience to tyrants/it 
says, is maintained by Russia, and the 
C'iuse of liberty and order identified with 
Turkey. *' But then," it adils, " I hear 
it objected, why you yourselves alidicate 
liljerty ; look at the present state of 
things in France, and other western na- 
tions." Lamartine answers. "Eclipses do 
do not extinjruish the sun. they merely 
iutcrcopt its rays. The eclipse passes 
away and the light remains. The state 
of the nations of Europe.*, at this moiuf^nt, 
iii not a i>n]ic*iple but an accident : it is a 
momiMit of lassitude, a nicre lialt in the 
march of ti-unsition." The pre.>ent sus- 
jiension of liberty in France, he also avers, 
is the result of the mere mechanism of gov- 
erumcnt, which may be bi-oken to-mor- 
row, and all the vital elements of a gix'at 
nation reniam intact. The pnnciple which 
Las induced Fi-ancc to resist Russian a;;;- 

gre.<;sion, he again alleges, is a principlo 
superior to the vicissitudes of growth, *'a 
principle anterior to dynasties or repub- 
lics, which survives empires and dictator- 
ships." Now, much as M. de Gesena ad- 
mires this kind of writing, Louis Napo- 
leon did not, and a peremptory order 
came down to the Const itutiontiel ofBice to 
destroy all the copies of the Prcfaco. 
Lamartine's eloquent periods were instant- 
ly snufied out ! 

— A scientific work of unusual merit is 
the General Natural History of thtf Or- 
ganic Realm (Ilistoire natureUe gr^ndrale 
du rcgne organique, principalemeiU 
itudiS chez Phomme et les animaux) by 
M. Isidore Geoffrey St. Hilaire, with 
which the illustrious author, of still more 
illustrious descent, has been occupied for 
some years. It contains, an introductory 
narrative of the great naturalists, a valu- 
able criticism of their yark>us schemes of 
classification, and an able presentation 
and defence of the author's o^-n system, 
which rejects in its arrangements of the 
organic world, all linear series, and adopts 
that which has taken the name of paral- 
lelism. Of these different plans we shall 
give some account when the remainine 
volumes (the first only is published) shall 
have reached us. 

— The French press, like the English, 
groans with books upon the Oriental na- 
tions, and the Eastern question. Besides 
those we have alseady mentioned, we 
may refer to M. Famier's History of the 
Rivalry and of the Protectorate of the 
Christian Churches of the East {Ilistone 
de la RitalUe et du Protectorate des 
eglises chretiennes en Orient) to I)'- 
Oiis.srNs's picture of the Ottoman Empire. 
{Tableau de V Empire Ottoman) \ to 
litiAiJouR's Journey iji the Ottoman Em- 
l>iix\ a de.stription of its natural and arti- 
licial frontier ( Voyage dans V Empire 
Ottoman^ ^c.)\ to Jouamn's Histor}' 
an»l Description of Turk(.'y (Ilistoire et 
dt: script imi de la Turkic) ; to Chopi.n's 
History of Ru.«:sia, the Crimea. Circas.sia 
and Georgia (///«/o /re de la Ifussie, ct 
de la Crimee. Circassie. Geor^ie^ etc); 
U) Lacrtjix's Isles of Gitcce (Jles de la 
Grice\ and some two dozen others, 
whose names it is scarcely worth while to 

and tin? true siKDificiUon of his will; 
voi^ IV.— 9. 

flro t sought, doubtless in good Ikith, to ex- 


I rntm b« imiraftlij of ttel&c Iitv«itlf4t^l hj mw, which v«i Uunigbl worthy of Mnf erMittd 

nt af the Smithfiimtin 
atMn, at Wa&bittgton, bjr means 
; be^wl of i^ Englizih 
knonlf^duY^. deiimiis of iU in- 
■ at th«?Biimc"tinie, 
f0«ii I& ■ ih own n«me with 

fi^T »li l»mc to eaiiH*, tti, vre 
tn tn&rk Ai) mll-iEnpnri&rtt 
th« bJKlorf (H* Jsckiioe in Amrrioi. 
1^ (be ifnouni bemieitbcd i:^ in n^ 

Kr^t in TJeir or thi? mn^iiUide 
k to b« done. \U iiiiiu;tl in- 
1 htir MM much ui the nmouni 
Fttir ippropriaied by Congrcf^ for 

De0. J' 1 »«* the tm- 

Qftimf > "^'-n bftlr n 

i pM^ for ihu 

. nd. 

p|pjrtttpci; vi tbi» bc*japjii iics not in 
iOiini of fumlti af^firDprtJitcd^ It ij!» 
Ibutid onJ^' in tbtt viu! pHTin'f)!? of 
pr o gffti JnculcAtcd by thtt ono 
but cofoptpbcujiivf* ■cnti'nf^e of th« 
tif Mr. S*iitilh*on — ** io fmmd at 
' " ■ nf the 

■ ■•/ 

while, ttmon^ roost of our countrymen, m 
vagfue mnfl (Jl*detim"<l an idon ol' this roumtn- 
tlorj, iti objcci ftiid aini, hcenis l<» prevml^ 
lis to cnU for an exposition of what^ as it 
appears to us, all Tnuj?t aditiit to be itis in- 
ttfrnknt tnt'ssion, when the lifi*, the fbaroc- 
ter, nDfl iho opinions of Sinitii?4on himself 
are well Ponsittcrcd| us indieca of his un- 
doubtcil wtglics Atid intcntiOQi in frtming 
tlie bequiist* 

For we must bear consttnlly in mind 
that the SintthM>T*inn m not » public but 
a privflte institution. It wis fijundcd by 
the cxcltjsive bounty of one individual, 
aud iho 1 uit4'd Utiles bare no right but 
as trufitetA. Thu lrn*^t could hHVu been 
*?*^ l,n--,i had tbo object nought to Im iie- 
I nppeaivd unworthy consid- 
' ! ijudeeinible. But, having mum 

icceptmi Uil* tru^^t^ onr government \% 
bound in honor to fulfU it, in good faith, 
and in strict ■cfortlanoe with the np^^jLront 
wij^lie^ of 8mi|liflon, ait weil a^ ih«y c!an h^ 
a**5erlained by the tjest light obtamable* 
ITie very brcvitv and simplo condseneat 
of hts Will, mule this at firKt no ««^y 
tiyik. A conttict of opitiionii for noint 
tnae sinbarrftssed ATI ' j 

tion. Thin wan not 

it morv «?fj'inii)on t i i .i u v^v f ■ j: m ► r ww »ch 

COnfotiudH the tiiffi^ian of knowludg«! 

u^rt. i(. '"^*^nntt^merU^ though nothing 

'U moro d^Mtinci. it wqm 

. ii of the idea of tl^r tuvtw 

'[ the knowledge! air' 

'Miy-'U'^ ti WidtT eirr. 

'<i| by 8uiif:, I 1 !i 

.1 jU, tJjti dis^..''v..-i V ■II 

UuLh*4;, iuii] Httw lawH in M.'tu^ol^, 

.) led astray manr of tbo^e who at 

txi^t 60ug)il, doubtiotv m good fioith, toox- 


wjiite his Ijequc^t II ia m impoHj^nt 
Ihjit this distinetiofi bctwreew tlie iictual 
increase of the knowledge in the posses- 
jftbn of tlje world J and the mere disacmi- 
Tiatitm of that al really in esisti^nce, should 

kept clearly before ?js. to enable us to 
•tmiii ilw exact feig^itlcance of S^nith- 
SOn's wordg, II nd the objects he l>ad in 
vbsTj 0.S tlms indictttcd, that befons wc 
priKced, wre tt^k our rentiers' att<?ntion for 
ft inoinervt to this point, 

Whnl k it that causes any paHictilnr 
year to stand out more protninently than 
otlier,^. and to mark an era in the ttnnals 
of science? What causea the names of 
ctTtuin inen of science to appear to ns in 
the dkn Tiiitas of the pstHt, so well tle- 
(Ined^ iind bo distinct to the ininds of all 
of us ? Is it not because that particular 
yf»r Is associated with, or those great 
namc^have beon halJowed to the world by 
new smd important discoveries tn reg^ard 
to the lawH of the universe 1 Sneb, for 
instmice, as the discovery of the circidtt' 
lion of the blood, that of the law of 
gravitation^ the motion of the heavenly 
bodiiis^ or such names as Haryey. or New- 
ton, or Galileo. They may have been dc- 
nded in thi/ir dA}% for they were in ad- 
vance of I heir tnues. Their discoveries 
may have bi»cu hooti:d at and ridierded. 
Yet postmty a wan la to both the highest 
ptnccs among the great names a» well a^ 
the great e|x}cb.'S of ec^ience. This is the 
true test of tbtir inlrinsic worth. With 
DO diapoKiiit»j[i tu under tistim ate the value 
of the general ddfusion of all knowledge^ 
we must still, in orflcr to appreciate the 
agnlticauce of Smithsotrs expresied will, 
bear in mind that it is quite dif^tinct from 
its advancement or increaw, and that the 
one may be as distinct from the otbiT as 
shallownci^ from depth. That seaich 
fjr knowledge which, aiming at the 
bigbe*il tibjectSf £itrivu> for liie discoviry 
of new 111 w^ or seeks) to mvestigati! dif- 
ficult and intricate t|Ue.stionH, in the eyen 
of the world, j> often dt<emed as vahteJess 
as its i^ubji'ct may be and iintn^ 
teres ting. The wovhl gvv^s the prefei^ 
©ooe at lirst to thone who can rendiT 
flcknce plea.'^ing ami popular. Mankind 
are but too apt lo over-csltmalc at UrEit 
the study of thot^e blanches of sejencc 
which tan at once be brought to beur 
upon the physical wrnit^ of society, an* 
to under-csUnmte sncb a5 are purely m'.U 
lecLuah or the poum?clvou *A which *»ith 
the imincdia.te nt'cessitit^'i ol' nnmkitid are 
remotAj and oi>snjre. That tlni is au 
natural a»i it ta s]uu't-si|;ht4:d ^ tuat it i^ 
pt^rhap^ unnvoiduUlcj only icodtfrii it tlie 
more m^pgriant that thiiy v^bo jceek to 

conform, in pood faith, to the e^qrl 
wishes of Smith>ion, sliould not .itTriWl 
to him the mme cnnfusion, or an inabilii ^ 
to make proper dii*finctioii!4 be I wet n the 
abstract and the practical, hetwcon ad- 
Taiiccmcnt and mere extension of kno' 
le*Igi!^ ivhcn his whole life attestJi that 
one more thoroughly apprecaated tbi 
distinctions than lie. Nut to anitcipal 
however, and liefare we atfpTnpt any di 
ductions in relation to hi^ cvi<ffnt meai 
ing, from what we knovr of his [inrsui 
and seientdic aspinLtion^, let ii<s briefly 
refer to what In known of llie ieading am' 
prominent points of his life and cl 

James Srnifhson was the illejiitinjal 
son of llugbj Duke of Nortbnmlierli 
and Elizabeth, niece of Charley Ihrke 
Somerset. Many of the peculiarities 
his character may be traced to the 
flieting feelings of pride^ m the noi 
blood that flu wet! in hi?t veiui*, an*l an el 
trt*me sensitiveness with rugard to 
birth. lie wm educated at tho IJniv^ 
sity of Oxford^ where he distinfjuishetl 
himself by bis att^mtion to the study of 
the physical sciences, lie was reputed 
to be the bei^t chemist in that univer^Hity^ 
and was esipecially suoees^ful in analytf* 
chemistry, having been among the' fin 
to adopt and U> practise upon a suceessfi 
system of minute analysis. 

In evidence of hm pro^ciency and ex* 
pertnuas in this branch of chemistry^ Pro- 
lessor Henry, in a recimt Welure lK?ro] 
the Metro[K3litAii Mct^hunrcs* lnHtiiiil«> 
Wsishiugton, relates that, on on 
be caught a tear as tt was trii • 
the face of a lady, and, lhou;^ji n- in 
one half of it^ sucoeuded in au:* typing t] 
remaTuder, and in detecting in it the pi 
senoj of several suilts, llv devoted hi 
s If with constant zeal ami u^sidiuty 
thf iTivestJiiatJot) of Ibc pliy^ ^j'lt.ncx'i 
diietly chonustry^ mineralogy and geology 
and in connection with these stucht^s*. jj 
pared and read liefore di tie rent le;irn 
{societies of England about thirty scienti 
communicationii. To these he ovies^ in 
large measure^ his scientilic repulatioi 
lie by no means, however, conliniMl hi 
studies or rcsicaiclieH to tliesct oi- even 
tiic merely ph^.sical sciences. It api>cai 
i>om the writings lie hua left behind hi; 
that hardly auy departum-'Ut of tmmi 

V;--."i-i-'- ■■- -T >.i^. .....ntion, I 



lie rcputattou. 
: 1 h\ h\A tnvn .'^'■ 

by vneii a du 
lui would 



The Smiihfonmn Imiiiutm 


Dily •nMkdfttjo tiM namo with the 

f : ■ Irc. With i\m 

iiitc'fition Ui \jc* 

lit'i-kvi f- niN r.^"3'■•'l'^ i^' - n*^ Uovul .SurrriV 

tlfta/i^lrrrfr Im ' ■ - < '"ui nud tlic numril uf 

rttii 1 V --i 1 ' ' I rt t*Tj t ! y ri* 1 1 nt^ t ji sh i5< 1 

ht» <i^i^»^ i1 t'* lnH lirjthew, nt 

P»bi»Ac lit ?i ' ^^ n^vrrt lu th« rnite<i 

..Jl . f .1 tlU>t.. (it Un? f^JUfi- 

hi.H nimi'. 
• <!, aimI Jill 
t> i»»kii»g iin»!iicNi>» ftwiu ti* have heim 
irriKcd !^» n^H-iiiihi'! *ita<Up». iVJthoii^yi 
'i4 of the fact Umt ih* k'?t 
jmI flcm'i**J in hi< veirin^ he 
II hiH view a, a.u*\ 
f'ttdctiCe nhe/utrt 
i iftMi 'k€ ithoh world 
■J itnd f$tl mankintt his 
1^" ^viiKitHj xho Miitx'nty 
Kw wt'U at* his ci:- 

, f tin -.(tpM t ii^rit ^' i,>r 

. Ixe in |mit infL^rrtHj 

'"lnrnl'*>ti, which wm 

in4 which 

iLtti-n with 


•I lUJf' 

mc not ; riiy 

Ti^ r.r i^.'Li! 

ruimtrj tu 


utjcm V, 
to thft )i 

with the 

•MtKtants t,H tniEfjt l*e ruquirefl. In July 
I84fi. t!io whule of llie prf»ccs« of tha 
8tiiiUiB(>TtiivTi hi*qiic»*t» atrKniTi" - ;■ -i jpal 
[inii mtcirsti to thu Htiiii o\ wm 

plikr d «ii)fh:r tho caru *jf Uh U. ^ — , 

THl* net of Congress estuhlishin^ thm 
inKtiiutii^n f iinnniplaU't! the ej«|iotiflilur« 
nf the - iiujoun t ( via, ^242,1 HH}) 

that L 1 in iiiteici>t, tipon the 

bui](Iiiij^ tTf^tctl (iw its tj*ip, together with 
snch portionii of inlL'n*st on i\n- original 
IxN^iiCJit jMi renmtncfl iini'Jtp<?mk'il m any 
year, Da*vin>*i?* of husban*hni: thi'ir re* 
sonrrcjf to the utinoiit, the Ile>:ent^ rc- 
Bolvetl to the buihling funtl^ and 
not Id lhii>^h the htiildtit^ rnitnc^imtcIyT 
but tot>3(tt'n«l the time of \iH eoni|ileUon 
Utittl Sh^J^l^O^'Xl of iuton^.^t shuoia ba 
Enved, to l>c iwhlocl to the jirincipah 

Thit pfan, on^^nmlly profKi^iuil by Fro- 
Tessor U at lie. Ims been eiirric"! out hy the 
SutTi'Lary ; atni thon^li iln? hml-hn^f haA 
cost ^^lUMXm, it will lie tljiiKhetl withio 
the jirestnt year^ lin I the original prin- 
cipal iiwjxasrd fnmi S:>|5.t»l»ft to ^063.0iKJ, 

The intpfovi'k'nl ihve^tmtnt of the 
originnl fuudii by ihv Unile^l 8t»te^ in 
worth k^HH sti^k, wt^K on nrntw aceoonts, 
An unf^^rtunate circun»f*tAnce. It cvr^iuii- 
}y detuyeil the ('slal»lih)inietit of the inati- 
tiition it*ielf. It niello it neee«sary for 
Conjure ss to inlerpos^e, an 'I io rinJeein our 
pHwl fiiiih hy i\'ftnifilnsr the rn^^Ti**y thun 
th VQ\% n J4 way , Thin ain of i^iioj J(t justice, 
with*mt which we would huve Mood di*;^ 
hojiored BM a rmlion, in the eyefl of tbs 

^''''^''' ^ ' TT tht? i'Htiinalion of nmny, 

H a qim^i n^jht to inttT- 
i s ill i^i as W^t to suit their 

i- i'lu the evitjenl tuten- 

t: ! r Vftnouti eon lite tiri^ 

H. In ita'H wi're broiiehed^ and ueAily alt 
M*enip4 more or lei*^ incUn^^i to nmk^ use 
of th*-* tnonev to iJefray tho exjM.-a'* of 
their own hft*vhif'»«. or to (lay lof humlry 
' -u'sA, hi them* 
. should fiii>' 
iHjo Jnr svitti ujraMy Hni^^ii from the na- 
ti*>mvl ttvasury. and fur whieh it cxrtainlr 
' ^ ■ riyht to nifiKi^ umj iif Snnthv)u*« 
L Sonnr tlioiijflit it would he a 
.. . ■ -|fjy>rtunity to t'stahhish an acneul* 
turn] bureau, atid thai the funrln ("Otihl 
not U" bittiii ui.iinitn -at- ,1 iliufi fi.r II piir* 
plSCJ »o j»rr iiIIj!. 

In w'hot w ■ ■ b« 

uhtatiieih or mor* pio'i lione i«i i\w rmit^ 
try ? Now, f»r b*^ il ffom n* Io t|nw>itioii 
iUa niied of mch an institution^ Uur 
govern incut i^i dewfrvinj- of jfist reproadh^ 
that it hti><i not -i en-MttKj, 

Hut It ciraf ly \\ i m \*l \i,i* 


The Smith»mktn Imtituiim, 


money contcmf^trtted by Smithfjon^ who 
cmbraetvl a!i kinttt of htotnledge, and 
not the mere practical art of ajrrienlture, 
anil who meant to dtfTttge knowledgi! to 
men of all nations, and not for our conn* 
try men merely* Others wantc^d a ^llery 
of line urtts n limitwi form of knowledjji; 
for which Mr. Sraithson is not know^n to 
haf^e had any taste* Though not, per- 
haps, excluded by his will it certainly 
was not exclusively contemplated- Nor 
was the scheme of a great national library 
at Washington, any more likely to have 
been in hts mind when he sought to in- 
cr^fie knowled^ among men. A Irbrary 
however lar^, select, or vahiable^ keeps. 
preserver but hardly diffuseii, certainly 
does not increase know-led^. It must, 
of necessity, be local and limited in ita 
benefit. Mr Smithson*s li|*hts were in- 
tendisJ to shine for all mankind.* Others 
strenuously (ml led for a great national 
museum, on llie plan of the British Mu- 
jsatirn^ or so'neihing^ like it. A most de- 
sirable ohject doubtless, and one which 
cannot too soon be organized by Congrcis^ 
from the national treasury ; and iiivalua- 
ble an an instrument, a place of registry 
or a field of stud)* for tha^^o who seek to 
discover new truths in science, but it is 
nothing more. It is not, clearly, what 
Mr. Stnithson left his money for, to the 
exclusion of other pur|)Oses. And when 
we bt'ar in mind the constant tendencies 
of mere collections, without an active liv- 
ing orf:ani55ation, to become station ary» 
too much precaution can hardly be ta- 
ken to guard against a condition that ar- 
rests both the increase and the ditfuston 
of knowledge. 

It was nnaroidahle that all these con- 
flicting opinions, unfortunately aided by 
the necessity that existed Tor calling upon 
our national treasury , f^honld have delay- 
edt for several years, the fulJilment if 
Mn SinitliKon'e will. It is, npon the 
whole, a mailer of some con^rratulalion^ 
that, out of so j^xrat a eonllict of mind.Sj so 
mneh of the true spirit that dictated the 
b(?quest s^honhl have been preserved, as 
may be found in the pro^amme of or- 
ganisation adopted by the Board of Re- 
gents, Ileccmber, JftW. It certainly was 
most fortunate, that for the executive 
head of the Institution their choice should 

have fallen upon one so thoroughly im- 
bued with the I rue animus of its founder. 
Professor Joseph Henry, of Princeton 
College^ the gentleman selected by the 
Regents to Inaugnnite this infant insiitu- 
tion. was. like Mr. Smithson, himself de- 
voted to the study of the physical sciences. 
Thoroughly undi*rstanding the mi.ssion he 
has undertaken, sensitively appreciative 
of the design of Mr. Smithson in the 
incrcai^e and advancement of scientific 
knowledgt*, watchful and zealous in Im 
endeavors to execute the important trust 
confidtfd to his hands, and enjoj-ing the 
contidence of the scien title men of the 
country; no one could have endeavored, 
with more religious fidelity, to fulfil it in 
the cxai^t spirit of its founder^ than he 
appears to have done. 

The Smithsonian Institutlonj aa finally 
organ! seed, by act of Congress, was accom- 
panied by certain requirements which, as 
we shall take occasion hereafter to show, 
arc in conflict with the spirit of Mr. Smith- 
son's will, inasmuch as they directly di- 
minish the means of executing it. 'This 
act contemplated the formation of a libra- 
ry, a museum of natural objects, a gallery 
of fine arts, and an expensive building 
We shall speak of each of these pre«icntly 

The plan of organization adopted^ wi\s^ 
in point of fact, a kind of compromise be* 
tween those who sought to exact the folfil- 
meut of the fotmdcHs will, and those, mon; 
latitudinarian in their construction, who 
wished to make the funds av.ailable tor 
their own ideas of the be^st means of spread- 
ing knowlcflge. A counterport of the 
British iluscum was evidently contem- 
plated by many* As we have sai<l per- 
haps wo ought to be thankful that the 
former wer^ able to retain so much of thi* 
found er^i4 ainis^ in their attempt to harmo^ 
nlsMj eon flictiug opinion St Nor was it to be 
expected that any plan adopted, even under 
the most favorable circuntstances^ couJd 
be found quite perfect tn practice. It was 
of course at f^rst rather a trials a provisfon^ 
a1 suggestion of detail a, than a permanent 
adoption, though they have been thus far, 
for the most part, adhered to. 

In the first report of the Secretary to 
the Board of RegentSj we lind ocrl 
guiding principles upon which the plaaj 
organization was based, worthy of nou 

7^ Smiih»onia» lustituiion. 


rhatk w« thftll brtiflj ^re. Th« bo^ 
ii not for us iti' '^1" ^"»^ f/i*- ...^i,,. 
1} the Unibsd Sr 

linUofi b an m<' ik^ n naiiottftl 

«itMWi«iUm«iit ; ^ ui ohj*K% is to 

||er«a«e the cxisUtv^ ^tuck of knowledge 
1^ MTW Irullis iii till? ilr^t tiUcc, arvrl tUen 
la dini^iuinaio theiii ;— ali bram-hcv; of 
karfMrlMl^ mm entitled to ftttcniiim, there 
m% ; lis mm should lie. i%M 
it Kucb rcMulU H^ ed.t)Uo| 

r oTllitt widii Huh] to br ; luid 

EotMnnr«di itoiiieefittrjr expendilures 
' tocaJ ot^^i^cC^ would be a pirT^irrsJon af 
IW iTtiat. Sudi wtfc tlve prinerples «« 
Ilea Jttid doim* The)^ «fc sountl and iipt 
W tw cotttrovert^f. KulioiA'itig Ihein uut m 
ll» plan of or}^tii;B«tu>()^ U w'as proposvi], 
bf i«imrd« for ntftmoirs coritAiniii|^ iK?w 
tratbi, U >ljttiutjitt^ to oripn&l iti^carclu-^s ; 
amttiAl appropriiii«oris fur |>zir|tc- 

in vanous branches 
i [tjiraU? tTX4tist*5 on 

=' III 
^ tlie 


I by 

'■ un ; 

^ of 


,1 vU uiirkhy ol 

I ohv^rvalioijjj 
r.vtmrt^ m 


Aitioiii; the 

II tbe rrporlji, 
^ ' I story, ig- 

*c lOttrU, 

. ^ , ,.^ulq»^iphy, 


Hfe^ lO bo ^ '^'AU* 

00kg€ ' ry, n mil- 

muxm. ^H. Th(f 

||««r V 'Hi of the 

IfH^iP^^r' tLT^ *H Lrtr jr4^ru<-fi >'^cic(tCJ^ JU)d 

mA oorfAl ptnodtoib ut tmghi he 
wmamvy m prepumf the i^mtIs. Thu 
'^Ihr**^^ WM id ONiiitAt of ot^u to ver* 

if J tht publications, ins tr omenta of re- 

searcb iuexp*' ►^^'^i -—"'^^ casts of the 

tnost eelehrji i A ptunr, mod- 

els of antscjuii , .... , Ld of imtuml 
bis(tor>% KspecraJ attention rus also to bo 
|ivc« to the colJeclion of catalogue-* of 
foreign^ ft.<i well as dotnmtic hbrjine^, ih u 
tueans of biblio^rmphical knowlcd|^. 

The above is a brief ftynopsi^ of the plaa 
of operations upon which the inslrlulbn 
was bailed at iu flr^t organijLation, and 
ufion whichj up to the present moment^ it 
has been eamtkl on* Before we take itilo 
oonsiidcratiori bow^ hr all tlic matters oon- 
lemplatud by the act of CoDgrefta» are 
compatible with a faithful obaervaneo of 
Mr* Smithson's wishes, it will b^ interest- 
ing to ob^TTu what ha« been done by the 
intilitution durmg the six ye4LrH of it3 ac- 
tive ej£ii>tence. 

The pubhc&tiona iiisuod by the Smith* 
soniaii^ are of two i^ixes, qunrto and uctavo. 
The lunner embrace the JSmithsonian 
Contribiit)ani« to Knowledge, and thm ^ze 
has been preferred because of ila supri- 
ority and economy for the platen which 
niay be required to accompany the original 
pttiwrji, to which this ^ene^ is restricted. 
Six of these voliimtfa, containing twenty- 
four sefMirale memoirs, have beeji piibliJi- 
<d» Of tbc^ tho llrst m oecupic^l by asi 
«ltt I M , I 1 1 ., w ( > r k by Mck^r&» ^q u ier and 
Dit I to the Hncient motiu intents 

of h sppi \'alley ; the fourth con- 

Lain it a (^ranmmr luid dictionury of the 
Dakota languii^* ouliucicd by members bo 
the Dakota mission. The other voluniea 
are cKunipied by urtginal jm[>erH, by vaii- 
OU94 gt^ntieaiLMi of liigh fc«e«i,'n title attainr 
lucnltif scvvn^l of which deiierve lo bo 
notjce^l more partieutarly. 

f 'opii*^ of tlie volume on themonumeiiU^ 
of the Miiflisiiippi Val!ey, were distributed 
arnong the pruicipal literary and ^cutititla 
iOcMea of tha world, and to all the eu^ 
lipa and largtr libraiiea of this et^uniry, 
and haa every where met with ct^mrucuda' 
tiou*i, 1 L hm been iu.strumtmtal in dinscting 
atleniiun to AuKnciin antiqukies, and baa 
not a bttle i^mtnbut^Hl to e<>llc^iioft«ofall 
Uie factK ttiat can be pithered^ in regard 
to the aneient mhabiUnUi of Amrnea^ 
Iseforfl it IK ma^te Urn late by the obliti'ra- 
tiou of tht^ir nnmtimriiti^ and other tmoee^ 
in tiii? onward tidi* of dvilizatioa. 

The ^ainniBr of thv l>akuta.» \h det Tn«4 
a work of j^reJit mtt<n*t»t^ U)th u> ibu ^-th- 
noIojiiKt and r'. ' ' ' = ' , lI>- 

lication. and i nsi 

for eollf f-' ■ 't+' ^ i*pw^ led 

to tiii? J' mirk on the 

langiiag^: , lube alao ia> 

«ued under t i ^ 'f tbia liuitituyoii. 


The Smithsonian InitimHm, 


It has bepti exfimbed 1>y cornpeti^nt etli- 
nolojfiKU nnd its pirblicfttton waniilycotn* 

Among the pftpers contained in the 
seeofid untl thrrii vol y !»!(**«. our spjicc will 
cmly suffer us to refer Ut a ft'W. Th& 
oonirihiitiorvii of Mr* Ilnrvey to A bistor j 
of the ^fiirine Algftcj of North Atiierien do 
I5crvt! particular mcntm. Its iitithor> Pro- 
ft«ssor Harvey of the UniversHy of Ouhliiij 
IB a botanist of the bipbcFl onthoritTr m this 
brnnch ; who not only made a collection 
of the marine pfantK of our coa-^t. but fur^ 
imbed draw^ings and descriptions of each 
species at his own expense. Thin work is 
warmly eonimended by our best bota- 
nists. Two numbers have been pub!i?ihcd 
and the tbVrd is in preparation. It !« a 
work of pirat merit, iut^rest, and scicntiiic 
importance^ and not without a practical 
vahie in agriculture and the chemical 
art'*. If the Institution had 1>c<;n able to 
publish nothing else, it would have no 
reason io be ashame<3 of its in strii mental- 
ity in giving to ihe world a work of thiii 
standard character, and which, but for 
thiJir tiid, would perhaps never have seen 
the Hghr. 

El let's contributions to the Physical 
Ge*>graphy of the United States ift also 
A contribution of much interest, and 
one that hits exdted much attention 
amfrng those to whom its subject is one 
of i»eculiar attraction, A very elaborate 
and thorough series of researches into the 
anatomy of the frog was prepared for the 
Institution by Professor Jeffries W3'manj 
of Harvard University, throwing much 
new liuht npon the organization of this 
class of the animal kingdom. Interesting 

and Taluable rewa regies in r&j^rd to thi> 
aborijrmal monunienl*i of New-Vork^ by 
5Ir, Sqiiior, nnd of Ohio. t>y Mr, Whittle- 
ficy, are pivcn in IbcMr vdumes. Seit'Siti- 
fic accounts of the Ijotnnieat collections 
made in Texas and New Mexico, by Mr. 
Wright, unvler the dirci-tion of the United 
States Survey, have been furnished by 
Professor Gray, nnd their publication 
com mi' need m the thirtl rolume. 
, Thp hh:^ Professor SearK C\ Walker, of 
the Nati*ma( Ohj^ervatorvH was aukd liy 
the Institution in llic conjpl*nion of those 
remnrkablc aslmnonvicai triunvphs. whirb 
attt^nded thi? cfosing da_v of thut truly 
great philoj^jpher. (lis ndmblion of an 
cphcmeris of the actual places of the n">w 
planet Neptune, |jerbaps, wilhoTit cxwp- 
tiouj the p\^atest triumph AstronoTny half 
yet achieved, we owe to the bounty of 
the SmithMipnian, which thus assisted in 
giving the honor of the interest in jr dis- 
covery to our own country. IF the histj- 
tution bad done only this, it would have 
richly earned the grateful consideration of 

Among the reports on the Progress of 
Knowledge, in octavo form, have appeared 
a n>05t valuable history of the recent ini^ 
provenients in the Chemical arts, which 
b^ been nnicH sought after ; a history of 
the planet Neptune by ProfcMS€>r tlotild j 
notices of ali the public libraries in ihe 
United States, by Profesisor Jewctt ; and 
a complete catalogue of the Coleoptem of 
North America. 

These publications are sent by the 
Itjs^ti tution to all the ^rf^l class lihrariea^ 
and literury and scicntrlic jsocietics in tho 
worldj OS well as to all the colU'^gcs and 

* The frtllawinft accoQut of PmfeaiBftr WaTfcef^ ftl!<enrQtiat wp hmvp Jhnnff. tilnt^ Uifr mUi\e <rei» wriUf \ (a 
ateeturv d^llv^i^d^f Frofe»«cir UvoTf bt>fure tbe Aia^rii&ftii AMi>eiaUt»ti fur Uit^ lulvAnotiutujit cf K«luitHilpit, li 

*• A few ytarfl aco a rt'w pinriet. now Icnown br th<» nime of NVfitunfiv wiia dl»mv-'^r«l1 fii * ]r«miirl£Ah1« 

iitr . ] 

hni i .... ..J 

«f tliD Ittbtt WOT I 1. 

mi'''. . 

mCM'!.i I 



lt»T' - . 

Itl ttl# Ob*;jn, iiLucj- i4i I'uUh. Ill ^Ut bt einruiutnl ii ** J* f-HiJiU 4lkML LfU«J.l . 


7%« Smilhjumian IntlituHon. 


■hUe lilmriM«r*nT mkcrilttuJc in the 

DM SUtr^ 

Tt, i-itiiT-f, H'-^ Ifi^rinnlt.n 

■Nfv r 










^i )MlU iUv- fiublicAtir>n« 


|^of>. we jiitifit not omit 


TBfenUcii) of the ar» 


1 by it in einnnwitidn 

lil tWtT 

' ^ . . ",, 

b • iPfi 

T W« 


w of the tJtiittnl 

iinU*h tliiun {Ji*n 
uim it r*'f*ivi.*H 
mntry and forwardu 
I to til Thf*ie exchivniri** . 

"Own Atul til her 
iifiinty. Ihi^f- 
[ilaiKif frciuntJHc 
ln?<iitntion hiiH 
ifjn of Ih5 
i pri Royal St>* 

(■ptlcm, with rrfrr I, . !M(iri*at 
-^ ^ 'I'-" ' ■^.: ,,i lilt: ^vorkK 
111 I Jtis^titutitja in 




irrtti itn imknowii qn«jitity of 

«?fL Pr*jk'ss<jr 
-t thrr.' riHirtlni 
f VLm iir:j. « f f t h ! H r< jHij t ry 

t ikniu^ 1 4 aji^ftnt of the 

f IfiAUtQtaon Uitt IN P> 

ipjo<l looompliBluKi in tbA diffusioti of 

kn*>w l4?dp;«. 

RtHCftrclieA rr»t/> tlie [>lio«omt?nii of m** 
tcv^rology have liecii exit*itkLv< Iv j»r«i^xmt-' 
eel imd<*r tho dirt*ction of !l nma 

I lis t il 1 J t i on* T hesc b« V c! i M ; uUi a- 

&\, witJi the dv!^t|cn to (*(nbriM.ct. tu tkr ns 
pcisLsjUhi, the whob £tiHac:o ^»f North 
Ai]icrJ4!» undent thoir ob?Jet?Arif^ii«, Ub- 
feorvLTji, in rlitrer^nt parts *>f the eonntry, 
rtvHjfil I by Tiinoii^ rbnfi;;^*s in the sky^ 
tho (lirecUon of the w inrl, ili^ chnnfcs of 
tcmpcnttirc, &<!., kc. In thi^ th^ InsU- 
tuliun \i^& iM?on aided by Cojijk^io^H, by 
appropriation!* from New York ajkI Xa^tKn- 
cbiiJiisLU, and by obstrvationKfroin ottiecrs. 
Uttlj rri ,.LU' owHi iiml thu BMllih army. 
1 ! I New York nmdtj hbiral *p- 

pf\ for meteorologicil ohntTfTH^ 

tions, anci im whole Ky^ttiu vvus <irt^rini7*--d 
iinder the dirtH.tion of tho i^fTiiUistmmn 
Insilitatton. i:k>nieilun^ »miiUr, thuujL'h 
or J ii fittiftllpr scmh\ has been doi^o by 
AfttfiMHcbustHty, Iniportiinl i*jrvici;H h»¥» 
nlM) iusiu fend<5rw<l by ih«* In^tituUou in 
tho intro<b)cuon of inu > iriniienU 

for cond ucti n g tljcjsc o Y h b » - 

fibltf n^iiiUtfi Imvc ^K'f'n oijiaiiii ii, in st'vcrnl 
inntfin^TH, by e;iploring and surveying 
jn' ^ninho*! by tbu liisitiUUbu vfiKh 
i\ At the pt^<.M?nl niumenl^ 

i*;i.. ,.., ,L,,,HiitM| obM.*rven un* diHiribiitwi 
ovur th^ entire rontineiit^ m*n^ or k^sM 
LiiihT ill f\t*ry Sutc m Iha Umon, ;»11 of 
hnvu bctjn tiuppliinl with \\vw iind 
r tublv.^ and dnifcliou.s fur ob.'^TV- 
ifi|^, und innny uf thcrn a<x'timk'ly emu* 
pun^d with inhtninvcnLs. In ihib way buH 
b*?cn cxiUtsctt*d ttti extended sfiiea of fjictJi 
yielding deduL'tron!^ of pvat interest in 
rv^ffird til tbi^ chirr a re of ib«* courUry, and 
the met^'amlogy of ihe ^lobo. 

Although the condition of lU fund4 
have notf Urns far fK'nnittt^d Eitncb to lj<i 
d »no in J^gtird to rc}«e&r«*J}CM in oalurikl 


I ¥thl6h irimLiU-i lliu nkUCfTjliuiiuif M» rallitW U ft^tta ulflit t« nl|tlit lit | 

i p rf " * rt tc iii# »«ti-^^ '^ ' 

low. l'«MGiP iv IjU i]uutni>ry* ii# vw ik iaui,<-tiilui tuiu A# «U la »JJ, 


Tlie Smilhitmian ImtituUoH. 





faistcif7, i^iteiff ^c.f the Institution has 
not \ieen idle, A Rgj stances Iioa been ren- 
dered to tho e:!C pi oration of the botany of 
New Mexico, and to that of the fossil 
geology of Nebraska. Tfc has defrajed 
the exfjenses of exploration in relation to 
eroKions of the earth hy rivers, and other 
geolo^cal phenomena, U h^% projnoted 
mstroiiOTny. hy aiding: the researches that 
discovered the trno orbit of the planet 
Neptune, as w-ell as hy the instrumenLs 
it funii^hetl l^ieut. Giliiefl^ in his Chilian 
expedition. It ha^^ furnished annual h^im 
of t3€oultiition8 of the principal stars for 
the determination of loo|rittide^ U has 
prepare*! tables for &Eo:rtaining heights 
with the baroniett-r. It has furnished 
instrnmcntis for determining the elemi?nts 
of the maj^^nelic force, to the varioas ex- 
ploring exj*cdjtions. And last though by 
no means least In this lij^t. of food deedsi, 
it has perfected J under the su)jerv»«ian of 
Mr. Jewett, a plan of slereotvping cata- 
logues of li brines which, if generally 
adopted, will render eifective aid to the 
whole country. 

Since its organ itation the active op- 
emtions of tho Institntion have been 
much embarrassed, and its nieans of 
usefulness dimmishcd, by the original 
mistake of appropriating so large an 
amount to & co.stly building. It was 
an un for lunate error, on the ptirt of 
Congresj^ not to use a fesa mild ox- 

CmoT\j to be thus prodigal of these 
ds, when a t;imple building, costing 
only a sixth of the amount expende^J, 
would have been abundant for ail iin 
want.^. Theorigiunl estimate required aji 
eKpenditun> on the building* &€., of 
8250.000, but it waji found n«^cessary to 
incur an increase<l ext>ense for Hro-prooting 
tl-je interior, of ©50,01X1. 

It appeared from the last annual report 
made in January, 1853, that the number 
of vobime,> in the library then amounted 
to SJOT, of which 2^598 were adde^l in 
1852; that other articles, iucludlng 
pamphletSj maps, &c., amounted to 
lU094, of which 7,208 were also received 
in 1852.* The chief of these acc4?fision3 
have been derived from exchangesj and 
demonstrate, that, to a very Urge extent^ 
the InFtitiition may depend u{>on this^ 
return from its active ofieratious, for ik 
valuablei scientific library^ as many of the 
b^joks thus received in excbanpe are of 
the first juiportaaeo to a ^ ■ " tit- 
dent. Although the untini of 
itm building has rendered \i tittx^i-stiry to 

confine the collections for the mupcum to 
a limit eil space in the bafiement, v here 
they could not be publicly exhrl iio«l, 
that departtnent has not been ne^'h-i ttni. 
Prof. Baird has actively ejcertt^d bini^elf 
to its rncrea.% by his personal reeean-hL'S, 
by fitimulating others, and by carefully 
preserving those received. In the de- 
partments of herpetology, icthyology and 
mammals, itfi collection is already re- 
markaidy rich. In the i^itigle item ot 
serpents J the Institution possesses twice 
m many North American si}>eeiew as were 
given in the great work of Dr. Uol brook. 
It is also rich in unde^ribed ijpecres in 
various departments^ but moi*© c^fwcially 
in re|!:ard to fishes and rt'pliles. Large 
and imprtaut additions may be looked 
for from tiie various explorhig expedi- 
tions, lioth on land anil h^a, and mnKiant 
donations are received from officer* in 
the army and the navy. Indeed the 
value of Washington as a central point 
for the means of stimulating i^e^iearfhes, 
and collections in all directions, and in 
nil the various depariment-'S of kuow* 
ledgCj as well as of redistributing to M 
the various scientific ii&jjociations and 
colleges its surplus wealth of duplicute 
specimens, has been well attested by 
wliat has already been done by this in- 
ititntion^ even in its infancy, und when 
one half its income was each year applied 
to the stOEie and mortar of its cosily edi- 

For a gallery of fine arts the only arti- 
cles that huve been collected, in accord- 
ance with the act of Cong:rt?ss, havt* bi^n 
a valuable series of engtuvingB by the old 

The act of Congrees required tho de- 
livery of public lectures in Washington, 
This requirement has been complii^d with. 
It may ho were r be doubted whether any 
thing so limited in their infiuence as l^ 
cal lectures could have been contemplat- 
ed by Smith?«n hiuiFelC Yet we iu*e noft 
disposed to find much fiiutt with this re- 
quii^mt^nt, Tliat they do goo<l we doubt 
not. No one who has heard them, 
or seen the crowded and rcspectftd audi* 
ences th<?y are sure to call out, can ha 
estiy qnestiun their beneficial m^jral 
fluencc on a city like Washing* oti. 8liT] 
we are quite as clear in our opinion th^t 
not even the good they n^ay do cun jwa 
fy CongR'Ss tn pa^ying for them from i 
Smllh^ontan fund to any largtr anioud 
anil that, if it be desirable to <j\i 
them, as we are very far fntm disputill 

• From UiD more rw^fiit report uf tht) Kefent* It would ■Mm itU iti« Ubrar; o««a1m» «# lM,*m f Oiana 
Hid 6U0U ^umpiiletai b«Etd« ^trti at roluiaoa^ 




n^ Smithionian Iwlitution. 


«kigr ilMKiJil b9 |au) for hj era? own ^^o- 
fWMiuiiit, or from other sourem, and 
mAj A «nall fum t«k«u fro u tbu Smith- 

' riRsed in iTvipw^ the liis- 

Ii. ruwtjot), brit!%» fur our 

ru U Jouitxti 3fi!t w^e truKt with *iufR- 
t twXws^ Ui i'lhilitl Wtti what \vu& 
fki BiMon SMigi>inl it W lis fotiudcr^ 
lid vluU Ims been done b}* it^ trintei'Sj 

i fUU tvoiAtQB* foriBft I how ftir 

ill tnte n&Mloii hiA U- . '>- .\^ti>i>ij, in 
ili or]gaai»liMI, ind oirneil oiU, iti its 
ivlaeqaetit ofimlJOM. To U; ahlo to d>j 

Satth^OQ r« ''^>4 lHH|iK'^^t, Its wi:U 

M lib a«ni liter wnd ruoirfkil 

vKm^ M> faj' M xXwy throw light upim^ 
«i4 vmk^ rri<ii*ijt LiM citH.H.t.aiionA ta 
nUng tlio Uequcvit U WAS not nione 
s librwy, or a uttjfoum, or i 
tif fine arta, nor to give jxipuUr 
It «rm* ttiinply to aih^tnc^ or 
f Ju*< ' ' ' si dittuiie what 

:. That only 
^ a t - '* r.Hi, of 

Ilii bemtAT tta 

iifliiilljr U' til- 

oiMi la»u^ J - ^ . ■ that 

WB^mm ASOOQi: mciK But hoB iloii^resii, 
a tliv ciri&stl/^tfoti '^f this Im^titution. 
Ikoi disid) ii^iiL^ of 

Imbqt tttd f. ii^'widiin 

lli» b(Mii)iii% ui^iic^uU It^ a>» fv)un«Ur^g 
villi To our piira fitiQU it im very 
ikmtt tltat it luui, in certain rc^H^tt^ de- 
riiini frucn it lit tho llr^t pbcv, it 
t tiii» «iprtidkture, in ot*Uip»nitively 
I ai»d mortar, of rn-jirly thrco 
'- It hm lad- 
', }ii3 cliargt of 
' rgtiii dofwrt^ 
rly btboftto 
,, to S# cmntf tir 
I ah»orb the wtiolo 
thti^. whili' mi siti- 
'. iti 



tn^ict b M 



tl-A%fi'\ ,rx*t a ttO- 

i«i_v to n ftiw 
I I*' i, amnarvntly, 

loomnuiifii I tic nulicai error of 
J lla tnttraMi, tW ioimiat of half 
^ «IIUi9ii, lo Ini taexlaaiiiitible. Whtlo 
wmm llioiifbt of faabeUUhiiAie t^c capital 
if tl9 attCiDfi vtlli a HMgiiidceot boilditig, 
wifpanid tJiai tiiey CDUld aUo 

havc^ a larg:© library^ a pmllery of fine arta, 
n niuiveimi^ Ac,^ and "^tiU havu [in incfttti^ 
liiri^u enoO(:h for th<* moru Ittytrtiinale 
iitir[>t**e?v of the iiifttiiutiou* Tn the con- 
met of thofe variotii ohjcvcfs of prefer* 
tiirjL*, notiij could be cnrriotl on ij|»on so 
\ikv^^ a sc&Jt^ as wa^ con fern phi tL««K and It 
wais found lit'Cies^Ary to iurik«> a U'tfijM^rft* 
ry f-oniproraiii^, by an c<]nal division of 
tbt* incMinre lietwi^en the jicUve ojR*r»tions 
and the iihrary and innseum. It ij* in 
cijnti^nipliitioii t*o far to niodify tbm ar- 

ran--^ \ ■'- +- »- ■■ror more and 

1 i 1 1 1 r thft mo tv lu: ti vo 

HU'l i.. :..'. ......_ ■.• .lif kTjintvlL'd|:V* 

Not content wiib th*. in the 

lawh cisubhfihin^ tbt* I !i, r*jti- 

grL%:!. bA-s thrown upon it iiimicti!*^ which 
it i?i a^ ek'ftrly tlic duty of^ivcrmncnt to 
provide for, an are any of their recogni*«4 
Liabilities. Of this nature^ u lh<? law 
requiring it to n^cttve^ kccR and wake ik 
regis.! ry of (but not to use) all the cony* 
rightt-^d pyUlicAtions of this country, VV> 
shall not atop to iniiuiru wbollier com- 
piety ctil!ecti*>n8 of all the cf>py'ri]^hiod 

EnblicationM of each jear^ i&suctl in the 
United States^ it of sufllciont vaIuc or 
interest, prc^nl or pro?;[x'ctivt\ to war- 
rant the eipein?e incurred by it; for that 
has Bothiii-; to do with «jur present pur- 
pOK'. It i^ unoug!^ for us that it ia totally 
foreign front the purnoiiQ deaigncd by 
Smithj^n^ and clearly belongs, i? it bt» a 
dnly^ to any, to tbut bratich of i!i© 
government ^vbich hii& cb&i^g^ of the 
Pat* lit uriice, Conj?rc(*« is botind in 
houor, and i^ood faiti^ to recall a f^ift 
which ia felt to be a burden, and not m 

The true ntiidon of the ^^ ' -vfi 
Institution is to ineroAM; kiiM d 

lo difi'u!^e that increase ^<niu \i i^e. 
This ii all iu founder kft it to do. His 
bequest einnot with honor bt< diverted to 
other purpotie^, be they evir *o dcHtmble, 
How noble a mission this is, bow rit'h 
and bow fruitful 'n^ ihx" Ikld iM^fore it» hag 
Ijccn ftbundantJy t^liown t'vt'u with its 
crinpletl tbaneeHj itj* n^slncted inewui, 
aud tbodidonler«lncideut \^ n ctimmenci- 
inent, and even with the btirdena thrown 
upcrti it during its licvc^n year^^ ej^i.vtf'ne©. 
Dttnng tliMt tttnc, \U aiii^iduou^s and faith- 
ful m»ct«tary. auuit. lively nw>ik<.^ t*i the 
intention of ita founder^ and i' of 

hU liciinoat baa at ka^t *1' I 

bow . ■ ,. ' ■ -! 

mt < 

bcuii>'iJ 'M lii-ij I ik"v jrh 

more TU^i^ht In* d h^ fiiU^ on- 

diaturbc^^i uj<m^ of li.. ,. - .. lund, for the 
purpoacft Co which it wa* deaigned ami r»- 

stHf^trd T)T its ftmfiibr. At the same 
time other rofeiiUs hiive been niidteqiiaUf 
clear by tJie i/xperierjee of the Mi«titTj» 
tion and ciill f-ir the iQier?cntkm atirt aid 
of Cimgreesi?, These not oniy ^hftw that 
this Institution is not able to pnivUle for 
«IE the departriKfiits asprii^ned to it, witli- 
out a pcrvoi^ion of its fundf, and nn 
Sihwrn of its roiuidci'-sconSdene<?»hntalso 
make manifest how fjKStrabie and impor- 
t*nt it i^^ thMt onr ifovemment should 
make wuiiahle provision to meet, in a 
libcril spirit^ and one worthy of a jrr<*ftt 
nation, poasfessed of an overHowin^ 
treasury, the vrartts it has it-^lf called 
Ibf^L Let ae have a g^reat national 
lihrary at Washhi^on, wortliy im edu- 
cated and enhglitened nation. Wu care 
not on how mugntticent b, soih it may be 
founded, only let us pay for it out of our 
c^wn trcfastiry. Let ua certainly not per- 
vert for it the bounty of a atmn^l^ who 
troi^ttid it tjj UH for n different purpose. 
Let us have, too, our ntitbnal jmllcry 
of fine arts ; if von will our public lec- 
tures, toQ, at \Vasliington ; above &]\ 
let ue have a great national museum. 
We already luivo a magnitieent com- 
mencement in the proceedii of the grtJiit 
exploring eacpcdition under Captain 
Wdkci?, covering every department of 
nature. We have yet others m store 
from the several expeditions to the Aix-tic 
region, to Japan, and the North Pacific,, 
besides others on land, in explorationB of 
mir unsettled territorieB. Having j^one 
thus far^ our government cannot, ^ith 
credit^ cannot with due regard to the best 
mterests of the country, now draw back* 
We must J however, provide the mean^. 
We aj% abundantly able to do this. 
To a greatj prosperons^ and wealthy 
nation, the cost involved would be a mere 

Let us meet^ then, these gelf imposed 
duties, in a manner bL^eonunj^ the nine- 
teenth century, and an honorable nation. 
Let us recaii iWim the Smithsonian Insti- 
tion all liiD burdL*nii otir government has 
imposed uixin it, tlmt are inconsistent 
witli Jts legitimate mission, the increase 
of knowledf^j leading to it only those 
things >rhJcli have proved to be kindrwl 
to iti^ di'si^ or dL*,^iralde to it im auIjk 
l4*t Conprre*^s, in a word, fuund, or rather 
we should ^ J ' for it wu?^ alretidy 

founded, a > ^nat Institntfon, at 

"\V : ' ' I from the 

£?!- the px- 

pt:,t]M\s, inr ciin.^. ujiu tri-- [umiL-llJi of ih.© 

details. ButheiLnnly uuder its control to 
permet it to derivL^ from it all th^* aid and 
oo-opemtion llwit may be rer|uin'd. U is 

obvious that it muKt soan do ^nmethlnj^ 
ol tliis kind in order to provide proper 
protection for the extensive cr>Ilection.t it 
httf4 made, and the yd mon; eJiten^ive 
on«?^ it m itill makinpf. We could d(> no- 
tiling that wouid better meet the wisbes 
and want» of tlje Anicricnn peo|>lp^ or 
more eialt us as a narioo in tliu eyes of 
the world of science. Conwresi* huA im* 
pos«! upon thcj SmithPoniBn Institution 
an exiJensive and costly bniMTn;;;. involv* 
ing ftfi outlay six tmie» m hirjfO nn would 
ix* required for one limited to ks wantA, 
hs> lirst movement j^hould be to take this 
buiJding olf its hands and appio|jriiite it 
to its owiF nation;iI (X>] lection k mvl refiaiid 
the cost to the Smithsonian luMiifoiron for 
the purpofscs asKigoL^tl to it by Mr. Ktiiilh- 
mn. Thus reheve<i of it^ bnidens, and 
the uncongenial tasks a*^i^ned to this In- 
stitution, It would be enabled to enter 
ujMjn a sphere of usefulness com mrnsurate 
witVi the witihes and bounty of it^ founder. 
It could still retain a tibrury guited to ita 
own wantUi without ^mcnrrinir any ^reat 
espensej for its exchanges with lincntific 
societieSj at home and abroadn are now 
giving to it a ycry larpe proportion of the 
pubhca lions chiefly, required. It might, 
wUh advantage, retain a museuni of natii* 
ral history sufficuMit to vanfy m ewn 
publications, and to ei hi bit typical^ rare or 
new genera and species, or even a com- 
plete series of North Amurican objects. 
It nnght even, with advantage, ruiain the 
general direct! in of the national colleo- 
tions, the difitiibntion of the dujilieatcf^ to 
the leai'Aed societies of the world, and I be 
custody of such articles as ujiglit l>e de- 
ffirahle for its own pnr[>tiso?? anil for study. 
Thus aided by |»overniucnL instead, a-^ 
now J of being burdened by nneongenial 
tasks, the Smithsonian rnstitution would 
become all the must aj-dent wisijes of Jts 
illustrious founder cuuld have destredj 
confer great pmctical benetits upon man- 
kind, and achieve a noble pjMUon b&» 
fore the world of science, Tiie great 
value of thi.i lusUlution in the eyes of Ihii 
world of science is that, in Hh l>'fr] innate 
niisstoUt it di^cliarge^ duties vi htch but 
for ii^ aid might never he done by any 
one. The history of ntmrly ^.^%xry gr^at 
discovery shows that he who adds new 
and iiufKjrtiinttrnUiH to the jirovfuu-* stock 
of kmnv'k'dge, is so tar in advAnee of his 
age, thJil their productions cannot be given 
to the worlds without per Vr^ 

whtch not every one is abie ■ lo 

incur. It is not evury one i '.e 

fortune of a iiowditch v to 

publish liii* discoveries^ and .-.- ..;^jr4. 
Yet Without it even hi^ great wi»rk <mmi14 

% iiian InAtrtiitioTi, to 

f ndvjihrK uf science 

ir i 1 jfihtit U^ i***>kt*I ftjr from any 

iJnr ^1 iT'f*. Tl i<i n h^^ti tifnj lioly rtji?<* 

fnoB] II \i^ pro- 

n witl not 

I' i lo tUo 

ifjr j: L the tie- 

Viilirr rutiirc^ ^*Sci- 

fort^ V v.-Ei. in lil ihttt 

r In 

ti^ : : . )i to 

la^s ly, timt while 

CM^ than i*ir<;r lie- 
1^ lUTua^ ^tiong U}« mMtt of his wun- 

tr^'fivf 11^ w littlo are the* litKTier ohjec'is— 
the tnie phH*»^>pliy^-*^f (w.^H^nfti i'siwrnod 
or cnltjvjitt'd^ that di*ctiviric* of th« jimi 
order H'hich npr*n n nr^vr and unt?3tfi«!ted 
field for the ' -rtnnt pvneraliJWi- 

iKjnjq^ '' hiitt ] 1 111 %\w ^thno^t in 

their hinh,'' itltLjaij^ij Llicy had htvn be- 
gfisi by Ills o\rn 4K>untrytnen. A n?profteh 
lilie th^?t enn neifor b*? i ■ ]ist 

our own i'uuntry» so Ion jj- 

rjimi In^ititution hhrtll he jm r nutir j i^ lnU 
til the mifiortiitit diUic-s^ und to disehjirgo 
ttie hi'^li iMH?tion iti* illuslrious loiincjer 
luisjpmil it. with a f^r-i^v'^hirti uis^bm 
whJeh shttil fL>r ever conijwt hi^ UMne 
wilh the advanee of sciei>c« in Anjenca, 
<jr Kc» toii|^ as It shall eoniinuo io aid in 
the inrrcHso of kiKnvledgv «>r t*» \trO' 
mole thv diiiasion ^f thai iDcreiMie anjorrg 


;rr,..^.jn, *K,i.^.i,x^ ''^'"I'l^bt 




.i%e ^ 

:»t.»uit**, Oil ill/ low j»hif>- 

j'po«^, thoti^h, tbiit th« 

^. Eitid dnini up 

r TT*^>i\> irloriOfiH 

I u, I lurk ! — ^omc 

■ 14 thb ihat chooses 

I ti>i<; the 

t doleful 

' aj^ittst 

, , ... , . ... ,1 m. Ah* 

" fj<M>*1 durj gtf ! " an 


* YoQ iro Wii. Stand hen) on the 
.lood m th« eiacl 

mrjae «i ui»? <7.niJic^j whiTU hi» bad lir»*t 

iteiai bmmmXt Wk mipiUn iy i r n pi IM 
1 dtorr •ftutjoy. A lean, £f loorny %uro. 
Wii dtrk and Uiik, tiiaiu>J]y .^tri'tiktMl 

bi. f.r.r.T t1;^- vr.uAi't/N.tnillH uf 



wilbout uie bo it Tb« 

Wlui u that 


w\v^^" *' '^*?- .ir;-,T.;..^ lie g|o^ j„ ^ 

pni door; his .Urmvijo 

null... .. . .,. ..y re.4tnig at his 


It WA4 a ftohshcd <?oppor rod, four feet 
!o|1^^ }eii|^Uthiirij«e attached to a neat 
wmi^kn stall', by insertioti mto tro balls 
of gn?cr»i>-h phi>*. niijs^'d W'lth copper 
bundit. The metal rod tern tin aie<l ni the 
top Injwdwtse^in thri>e keen tines, bright* 
ly gdi. He held the thtug by the wooden 
[mri alon«. 

*^ Sir/' said r, bowing politely^ *' ha^ I 
the hinror <jf a viHit fiotn tlmt illiLiitrioad 
l^-od, J iijiHcr TonariH ? 8o Htotwl h^ in 
the (iioi'k statue of old, ^^'•fiiu^ the 
bghtnmg-bolt* if you \w he, or hi^ vice- 
roy, I Imve to thsnk ytm tnr thi^ noble 
utAinn you havo brewed mnong our 
inountnTn.'j. Lijctfn: That vrajs a gtoriou^ 
prah Ah, to a lover of the tiictjeaic, it m 
fi j^ixnI thiu;^ to havu the Thtiuderer Uiai- 
jtelr'in onit^fi cottage. The Unmder grt>wa 
finer for that But prny lie «c4to{J, This 
oid rUNh*lj*>tt<itned arm-rhiLir, I j^rant, h 
a jj.>i>r suh.^tit*iti? for >uiir evergrven 
tlirone on old (irojlock j but, ix»udui*co«d 
to Ue seatthl/' 

While 1 thtii# pleiJi.«<antly (cpoke, the 
jfttrimgcT nyed ine, IiaN m winvhr and 
half m a Ktrango Miirt of honor ; but did 
not move A foot, 

** lH\. vir hr< M'Htid: viiu oe^ tO bv 

dried arr 

I r>hiii ^^giy on tha 

liroaa huiirUt, wher« a biiiu lin* hwi 


The Lightfdng-Rod Man. 


kindled that afternoon to dissipate the 
dampness, not the cold ; for it was early 
in the month of Septemtjer. 

But without hecdmg my solicitation, 
and still standing in the middle of the 
floor, the stranger gazed at me porten- 
tously and spoke. 

*' Sir," said he, ** excuse me. but instead 
of my accepting your invitation to be 
seated on the hearth there, I solemnly 
warn yon. that you had best acce[)t miiie^ 
and stana with me in the middle of the 
room. Good heavens 1 " he cried, start- 
ing — "there's another of those awful 
crashes. I warn you, sir, quit the 

*• Mr. Jupiter Tonans,'- said I, quietly 
rolling my body on the stone, '' I stand 
very well here." 

*' Are you so horridly ignorant, then," 
he cried, " as not to know, that by far 
the most dangerous part ot a house during 
such a territic tcm|)est as this, is the fire- 
place i " 

•• Nay, I did not know that," involun- 
tarily stepping upon the first board next 
to the stone. 

The stranger now assumed such an un- 
pleasant air of successful admonition, 
that — quite involuntarily again — I step- 
ped back upon the hearth, and threw my- 
self into the erectest, proudest posture I 
could command. But I said nothing. 

*' For Heaven's sake," he cried, with a 
strange mixture of alarm and intimida- 
tion — '• for Heaven's sake, get otf of the 
hearth ! Know you not, that the heated 
air and soot are conductors ; — to say no- 
thing of those immense iron fire-dogs? 
Quit the spot, — I conjure, — I command 

'' Mr. Jupiter Tonans, I am not accus- 
tomed to bo commanded in my own 

"Call me not by that pagan name. 
You are profane in this time of terror." 

*' Sir, will you be so good as to tell me 
your business ? If you seek shelter from 
the storm, you are welcome, so long as 
you be civil ; but if you come on busi- 
ness, open it forthwith. Who are you ? " 

*' I am a dealer in lightning-rods," said 
the stranger, softening his tone ; " my 

special business is Merciful 

heaven ! what a crash ! — Have you ever 
been struck — ^}'our premises, 1 mean ? 
No '? It's best to be provided ; " — signifi- 
cantly rattling his metallic staff on the 
floor ; — " by nature, there arc no castles 
in thunder-storms; yet, say but the word, 
and of this cottage 1 can make a Gibral- 
tar by a few wav«s of this wand. Hark, 
what HiinmaUyas of concussions \ " 

" You interrupted yourself; 3'our spe- 
cial business you were about to speak of." 

*• How very dull you are. My special 
business is to travel the country for orders 
for lightning-rods. This is my sptcimen- 
rod ; " tapping his staff; **I have the best 
of references " — fumbling in his pockets. 
'' In Criggan last month, I put up three- 
and-twenty rods on only five buildings." 

'* Let me se:*. Was it not at Criggan 
last week, about midnight on Satuitlay, 
that the steeple, the big elm and the As- 
sembly-room cupola were struck ? Any 
of your rods there ? " 

*' Not on the tree and cupola, but the 

"Of what use is your rod then ? " 

'' Of life-aud-death use. But my work- 
man was heedless, in fitting tlio rod at 
top to the steeple, he allowed a part of the 
metal to graze the tin sheeting. Hence 
the accident. Not my fault, but his. 

'' Nev^r mind. That clap burst quite 
loud enough to be heard without finger- 
pointing. Did you hear of the event at 
Montreal liust year ? A servant girl 
struck at her bed-side with a rosary in 
her hand ; the beads being metal. JJoes 
your beat extend into the Canadas ? " 

" No. And I hear that there, iron rods 
only are in use. They should have mtm;, 
which are copper. Iron is easily fused. 
Then they draw out the rod so slender, 
that it has n(Tfi 'body enough to conduct 
the full electric current. The metal 
melts; the building is destroyed, lly 
copper rods never act so. Those Cana- 
dians are fools. Some of them knob thu 
rod at the top, which risks a deadly ex- 
plosion, instead of imperceptibly carrying 
down the current into the earth, as this 
sort of rod does. Mine is the only true 
rod. Look at it. Only one dollar a 

'•This abuse of your own calling in 
another might make one distrustful with 
respect to yourself." 

'' Hark I The thunder becomes less 
muttering. It is nearing us, and nearing 
the earth, too. Hark I One crammed 
crash I All the vibrations made one by 
nearness. Another flash. Hold ! " 

'' What do you ? '' I said, seeing him 
now, instantaneously relinquishing his 
staff, lean intently forward towards the 
window, with his right fore and middle 
fingers on his left wrist. 

But ere the words had well escaped 
me, another exclamation escaped him. 

"* Crash ! only three puliK» — less than 
a third of a mile off— yonder, somewhere 
in thai wood. I passed three stricken 

I%$ Li^hinin^'M&i J/on^ 

Tow ' 

' new iiTid f^littcrtiig. 

!ijf moiT than aUier 

luou in itH sup. 

J (PHI tlie pe^itliftT 
upan lui?. I Hijp|*fj>;i' you 

n V w fi*lhy r f* It y 1* r 

thiui*1cr is roarhijSi 

rdeooi it _.. . — jjwulmrly favornble 
lirododng kii]|iroa«ton» fj{vorabk« Co 

r ^tvf wl»fj would ■rm othCTs with 
yoii N€ciu uTib<?N?emnigly 
t ^marw^lt Cmnnwti men chooso 
ikir w«»thrr for iH^ir tmreU : you cbcoso 

ifcandrr^ftl^rnm : ui/] yot — " 

* Th*l I ■ lorm*, I 

A9i»t^ bat i prccau- 

tJOQa, <«lich »■ may 44 1 i^ri ui i!ij_'-ro<| tll*Ti 

«i^ knaw, lUrk ! QuKk— look at rtiy 
ifadoKO rwl. Only oii« ^IuIIht a foot.^* 

" A irw dm rod, I d*ro Kay. It* it 
vtel ■!« Clicfli! po^iieulur (fnccnution^ of 
1 7 Vfft llntt hi iii« clothe yondi^r 
1; tlio (ilantm:^ rain is bvatiif^ 

*' Are jfoti m«j 1 Kimw you not thftt 
fin troQ Imt ii m Jtvlfl ooDiiu<*tor 7 ]>(.'- 

•^1 " ' cloe© Iha shutter* then, 

ifldcR fo bmig mc a wi^tlifit 

\m. \ ' bell^pull then?.'* 

-Ai I Thit bull- wire 

oujflit kMi.^1 T<Mi .^urer touoh beli^wiriQ 
ii • tbmdtrWtonaB, oar ring • bet! of ad j 

^Kor ihoeie in bcirrtw? Pmy, will 

I tell IBB whf'Tf aliiJ ht.iv ciix tTi:iV Uj 

Mir in m Um«^ 1 1 r^tiy 

ri?; Iitit tiot wbvre you now 
MamL ' Mu uuL^ imm tltQ wftlL The 
atTfni ^^1 . !Jti .ru A rnQ down a wall| 

Hrf ■ SA^li 1" H-' 1 '- I J' r <:f>(i(JUClor ihttU 

ftmU — itwi ill i r.i ifi' wall and nin 
Mi lli«* 2!i«iM)jj t I'/uU nitijut have 
Mkm vcfj tugfi. That mu^t have been 

''Vvry firobably. Tf*U tu« at oncv^ 
^ ' ' I H^ in your opiuiot^ tlic safust iiart 

raooft^ aotl Uiin oiid ipot tu it 
liUnO. CaiQ<» MUicr/' 

aller tho dub tb« gtiAt — tJio 
.T — Uk liuuai^ tii« houtfo I — 

► rpaimiA, if you |tloi«c*** 

^niii, I think I will liy 
«i; ^A'l *iAii'i, -ib« hiartlL And t»w 

Mr. LishtniTis-rocJ-fiiAJi, in tho p«iir.r» of 
tb*3 tbuiidi^r. be .^o ^oq<5 a^ to tell trir your 
Tcii#ion« lor esUitMmnjf Ihjaone fiHiin of the 
hoiit*! the saftrst, and jotir own f^uv *it»fid- 
ptihit tbere liio ji^fuist spot in iL" 

Tin' re ^iis now a liltlc crrss^ation of the 
Btoim far a while. Tlie Lr^'htnmg-rofl 
man siM?nji?d relieved, and rep bed ^— 

'' Your hou«? in a one-storied houjyj, 
with nn &Ub and a Lxdlar; this ri>oin is 
between* Huneu »U cornparaiive sivfuty* 
Bt^otitue Itghtninjj somelimeH passc!* from 
#he cloodii to \he earth, utid BomtHimes 
fl-om the «arth to ih© douds, Oo you 
comprehend ?^-and I choose On^ n*iddle 
of the room, k-cause, if the lijjhtninf 
fihoulil titnke the hou2<« at all^ it would 
come down ilic chtmncy or wiiILh ; N>, oh- 
Tioosly, the further yon arc from them, 
tht* lH?ttt'r. Comi; hither to inc, now." 

'VP res*D t ly * Hoiii tH h ing y u j u Kt said J 
inHtead of alarming lue^ bus stningvly in- 
siptrL^l eoiilidence. 

'* Wbitt huve i sttid?" 

** Yon mn\ that Bometiines lightning 
flashcH fiijm tho earth io the cIoikK*' 

** Ayi*. tho returning -stroke, ii» it m 
calk'd i wb(?n ihe oarthj U-ing overcharged 
Mith tho fluid, fiaabei ltd suppjii^ up- 

" The returninj^-strok© j that ^ from 
earth to sky, lieltcr and lictter. But 
ooni<3 hero on the hearth and dry your^ 

" I am better here, and bettor wet'* 
-How 7" 

"It is the fsafL'i^t thing you csm do — 
Hnrk, a^iri !^ — to p?t youraeir lhi*rou^hly 
drenche«i in a thundtr-Hrorui. Wt^t c^^lhe* 
are lietlcr conductors than the btKjy ; aii4 
3o^ if the lightning stnkt*^ it mi^ht pm^ 
dvwn thtj wut eiothCH without tuudung 
the lit>dy* The htorm denpnH a^ain. 
II arc you a rug in tho hon^ ? UugA are 
tion-eouductorii. Get une, that I may 
HUud an it hure. and you tuo, llm Mi^ 
blacken— it \s dunk at iKxni. Ikrk I — 
tlie rug, tho rug I " 

I gave hitn one; while tho boodod 
luoutiiattui a«fwed closing and tumbling 
into the qottafo, 

^ And now^ wine© onr being dumb will 
not help U!s'^ ^d t^ rciiuuMu^ my plai^, 
*'Jt'r n..- lunr v-iiir pretrautionj* Hi tiovi-l* 
litij r -Ktortii!*/ * 

Hit u p^n^'iV^ 

"* Nny^ procxHHi with tho prtrfaiitionw. 
You Alund m the mhnki |io.^ibW placu ac- 
oordiug to ytpur own K.'ci^unt^ Uo tmJ* 

•* Ihany thrft I nvoid nii]«*tr«eii| b%tt 
hoi I upland p4J»turt*n^ 

ruii . i!«ttl(j luid j^ict'Pp 

« cru Ad of tuciu II I tiHYvl on loot,- 




The lAghtning-Rod Man, 


to-day — 1 do not walk fast ; if in my 
bu^iry, I touch not itH back or sides ; if 
on horsebiick, I dismount and lead the 
horse. But of all things, I avoid tall 

'* Do I dream ? Man avoid man ? and 
in danjrer-time too?" 

'* Tall men in a thunder-storm I avoid. 
Are you so grossly ignorant as not to 
know, that the height of a six-footer is 
EufTicicnt to discharge an electric cloud 
upon him ? Are not lonely Kentuckians, 
ploughing, smit in the unfinished fuiTOW.? 
Nay, if the six-footer stand by running 
water, the cloud will sometimes select 
him as its conducter to that running 
water. Ilark I Sure, yon black pinna- 
cle is split. Yes. a man is a good con- 
ducnor. The lightning goes through and 
through a man, but only peels a tree. 
But sir, you have kept me so long an- 
swering your questions, that I have not 
yet come to business. Will you order 
one of my rods ? Look at this specimen 
one? See: it is of Uie best of copix?r. 
Copper 's the licst conductor. Your 
house is low ; but being upon the moun- 
tains, that lowness does not one whit de- 
press it. You mountaineers are most ex- 
posed. In mountainous countries the 
lightning-rod n)an should have most busi' 
ness. Ljok at the specimen, sir. One 
ro<l will answer for a house so small as 
thi'^. lA>ok over these recommendations. 
Only one rod, sir ; cost, only twenty dol- 
lars. Hark ! There go all the granite 
Taconics and Hoosics dashed together 
like i»ebbles. By the sound, that must 
have struck something. An elevation of 
live feet above the liouse, will protect 
twenty feet radius all about the rod. 
Only twenty dollars, sir — a dollar a foot 
Ihirk !— Dreadful I — Will you order ? 
Will you buy ? Shall I put down your 
iiuuie ? Think of being a heap of charred 

ofTal. like a haltered horse burnt in his 
stall ; — and all in one flash ! " 

'• You pretended envoy extraordinary 
and minister plenipotentiary to and from 
Jupiter Tonans," laugheil I ; *you mere 
man who come here to put you and your 
pipestem between clay and sky. do you 
think that because you can strike a bit 
of green light from the Leyden jar, that 
you can thoroughly avert tlte supernal 
bolt? Your rod rusts, or breaks, and 
where are you? AYho has empowered 
you. you Tetzel, to peddle round your in- 
dulgences from divine ordinations ? The 
hairs of our heads are numbered, and tlie 
da^s of our lives. In thunder as in sun- 
shme, I stand at ease in the hands of my 
God. False negotiator, away ! See. th6 
scroll of the storm is rolled back ; the 
house is unharmed; and in the blue 
heavens I read in the rainbow, that the 
Deity will not, of parposo, make war on 
manVs earth." 

*' Impious UTetch ! " foamed the stran- 
ger, blackening in the face as the rainbow 
beamed, ^^ I will publish your infidel no- 

'^ Begone ! move quickly ! if quickly 
3'ou can, you that shine forth into sight 
in moist tunes like the worm." 

The scowl grew blacker on his face; 
the indigocircles enlarged round his eyes 
as the storm rings round the midnight 
moon. He sprang upon me; his tri- 
forked thing at my heart. 

I seized it ; I snapped it ; I dashed it ; 
I trod it ; and dragging the dark light- 
ning-king out of my door, flung his el- 
bowed, copper sceptre after him. 

But spite of my treatment, and spite 
of my dissuasive talk of him to my 
neighbors, the Lightning-rod man stiU 
dwells in the land ; still travels in storm- 
time, and diivcs a brave trade with the 
fears of man. 



A 9omTU ef jvir stout. 

(OtoUqoim] frttfu ^tga Ti) 

C04FrEB IV. 

T r*iphtfktl tax the third tiaj, Israel hifl 

Onn* fpftr«i hr in a 

T>n^ time he Ji.iiMi > Mi.;, and 

fcncmtr httn*i!lf down procuirxl ii tolcmble 

bl and Miijr Iw' tf<M« nNtshed, 

1 Ut< i»!r*wiii^ uroiincf I of rcar.hini* \\m 

' find 

SfeliilKc^ o Ml ill Mrtt 

fffVli; trtiT^ iirl in Ihc 

; «rtiii:i >ryiii \v\ i\ lintisli navy 
A bcnfcaiati^H Mitrt ; ami ihtmLh 

' ' ^-' " ■ ' ^ lii«* blut' ctjliar 

i rt iroil m tho pre- 

^ .. ^ tKorouRhlj con- 

At Mij mtf- kpTiiIy Qfi the Itiok- 

[ Ibf iJ^** 1 1 r rt n r J ' 1 1 r i i> ' 1 *' ocutc \ ^ y |i 0|:H?fl. 

■f i^wmni » ' K'Tision, "tht? mjI- 

4itr» *:'V '. *>frl \n an iii- 

•I* MiCT, 

L of himself, bo wii« mude ftriiKmer on 

4|»t arid KOQti iHi^r found ]»imi^tf 

~ ' and Jock^l ti|i in tim l^und 

1 9t ihm |^a0»i a \mmtt m CAUcd. ap- 

to ninawa^TJit tnd thone con* 

oC tomor offeno^ic. Dny p^nvl 

« mnd ftupp«r]«Mi in tbiii diMmftl 

Kbd at|^t cttiiM on, 

I Ihaii now bera tlintdjiTS irithotit 

i'j_y»vt unr t«'o*npnnF Wt TJn^ 

1 1|* r 

Ui Ui i'unttkrt hiiii^ Taken ^p- 

i|^ apm ihe very brink uf 

(IK His i:D«t^ poor ijirntd wiih oii 

mw» *if fftlltnf into hi?tpi<M« d^-iftfiir. 

ill- ■■ ■ ■:. - ■ ■ ^ 


Two hftttrs wirinic «crr>«« I lie fsr^imp, 

of I he window^ ridiM him of hi* Uand- 
cuftk KcjclCDltlc the door, sccnn'd lijck- 
i \y with on I3' » li»i ^ ' ■ \ »ck . I'hrn etr 
tnj: tit© 1h>U «pf I Eff^ through a 

Mnall window m the <HH>r. Uw i^iinX'^dcd 
in fomng thtj hnsp nn4 i^i;a\nm^, his 
hb^rty nboyt three o^clock in iiw mom- 

Kot lonpj Rftcr 
H rent ford, sonio 


d beiorf him. 
vvwlit. Upon 

fir?.t cN?9ipin^r Ironi the hulk, si at En^iliKh 
pcT>ni«w wA!*iill the inon«^v hn h»ib "^Vith 
two (*f th<*se hp Kid boujEbt a i^niall )o*f 
the diT afttr llecinj: tlie inr^. The other 
four still rt^mwned in hi* [Mx^rkct, nut hnr* 
bjr niet witli a iji^l fjp[K>rtuirity to di*- 
|K:i/ij> of tbcm for food. 

Hiivini^ torn off Iho eollar of hm ^birt| 
Ami flung it into 11 hetlpe. he t-entured tfi 
aoeost B re«pp<.**nbk^ CfiqH^nler nt 5 |mle 
ftfiiWj alKkiii « m*lc» thiH fiido of Krenlfor*!, 
to whom his rleptf^mliTf ^iliiution now 
induct him to jninU {,,v work, Thr 
man did not wislk ' bm*, htit Kaid 

ttiat if he (Israfri, A fjirminjr or 

pjirdrninif. hv !ijtj:]it|MHiiipHprrxtin* work 
from Sir John Alilki, wbfihe M;alJ}*^ inAJd. 
T(i*» not n^tnote. lie ndrlrd thftt the 
knight W&9 in Iht^ hnbit of uii|ilojing 
man J men at that .ftpnitonof the yi*W7 eo 
bo «tDO<i a fair cb«nri\ 

Rx^vived A little by this i^f r rp- 

lief brael starlit in qoeM ■ /la- 

man's R-at, agrcenbly to Uh' rnnrtion 
r«a*tv«d. Itnt he mi^^took bin «ny, and 

proceeding op a gravdU'd on ' ^ •^1|ly 

dvcor^cd walkway terrib iri'g 

a i;hmp«e laf ft number or »i' n^- 

mi^a^idaa* Bt made an ' "it 

br fore liaJDiE^ aafaild in turn, rtfa- 

turtj of the Ampfican wibk-niciNJi eould 
have lKt?n more }i&nk wfritH; !>v a fl re- 

branch than at Ihi^ f • 
wii¥s by a rt^d ff in 1 , 1 1 r 
Tnkinif fii 


d L<^ 


Israel Potter ; or, Fifty Years of Exile. 


sorts of domineering qualities, iRracl felt 
no little mispving in approaching to an 
audience with so imposing a stranger. 
But screwing up his com age. he advanoed ; 
while seeing him coming all mgs and tat- 
ters, the group of gentlemen stood in some 
wonder awaiting what so singular a phan- 
tom might want. 

'• Mr. Millet," said Israel, bowing to- 
wards the bareheaded gentleman. 

*• Ila,— who are you. pray ? " 

" A poor fellow, sir, in want of work." 

" A wardrobe too, I should ray," smiled 
one of the guests, of a very youthful, pros- 
perous, and dandified air. 

" Where's your hoe? " said Sir John. 

'• I have none, sir.'' 

" Any money to buy one ? " 

" Only four English pennies, sir." 

^'* English pennies. What other sort 
would you have ? " 

*• Why China pennies to be sure," langh- 
ed the youthful gentleman. *• See his long, 
yellow hair behind ; he looks like a China- 
man. Some broken-down Mandarin. 
Pity he's no crown to his old hat ; if he 
had, he might pass it round, and make 
eight pennies of his four." 

" Will you hire me, Mr. Millet?" said 

" Ha ! that's queer again," cried the 

'* Hark ye fellow," said a brisk servant, 
approaching from the porch, " this is Sir 
John Millet." 

Seeming to take pity on his seeming 
ignorancc,,as well as on his undisputable 
poverty, the good knight now told Israel 
that if he would come the next morning, 
he would see him supplied with a hoe, and 
moreover would hire him. 

It would be hard to express the satis- 
faction of the wanderer, at receiving this 
encouraging reply. Emboldened by it, he 
now returns towards a baker's he had 
spied, and bravely marching in, flings 
down all four pennies, and demands bread. 
Thinking he would not have any more food 
till next morning, Israel resolved to e«t 
only one of the pair of two-penny loaves. 
But having demolished one, it so sharpen- 
ed his longing, that pelding to the irre- 
sistible temptation, he bolted down the 
second loaf to keep the other company. 

After resting under a hedge, he saw the 
Sim far descended, and so prepared him- 
self for another hard night. Waiting till 
dark, he crawled into an old carriage- 
house, finding nothing there but a disman- 
tled old phaeton. Into this he climbed^ 
and curlinc himself up like a carriage-dog, 
endeavored to sleep. But unable to en- 
dure the constraint of such a bed. got out, 

and stretched himself on the bare boards of 
the floor. 

No sooner was light in the cast, than 
he hastened to await the commands of 
one, who, his instinct told him, was des- 
tined to prove his benefactor. On his 
father's farm accustomed to rise with the 
lark, Israel was surpri.sed to discover as 
he approached the house, that no soul was 
astir. It was four o'clock. For a con- 
siderable time he walked back and forth 
before the portal, ere any one appeared. 
The first riser was a man-servant of the 
household, who informed Israel that seven 
o'clock was the hour the people went to 
their work. Soon afler, he met an hostler 
of the place, who gave him permission to 
lie on some straw in an outhouse. There 
he enjoyed a sweet sleep till awakened at 
seven o'clock, by the sounds of activity 
around him. 

Supplied by the overseer of the men 
with a large iron fork and a hoe, he fol- 
lowed the hands into the fleld. He was 
so weak, he could hardly support his tools. 
Unwilling to expose his debility, he yet 
could not succeed in concealing it . At 
least to avoid worse imputations, ho con- 
fessed the cause. His companions regard- 
ed him with compassion, and exempted 
him from the severer toil. 

About noon, the knight visited his work- 
men. Noticing that Israel made little 
progress, he said to him, that though he 
had long arms and broad slioAlders, yet 
ho was feigning himself to be a very weak 
man, or otherwise must in reality be so. 

Hereupon one of the laborers standing 
by, informed the gentleman how it was 
with Israel ; when immediately the knight 
put a shilling into his hands, and bade fajm 
go to a little road-side inn. which was 
nearer than the house, and buy him bn*ad 
and a pot of beer. Thus refi eshed he re- 
turned to the band, and toiled with them 
till four o'clock, when the day's work was 

Arrived at the house, he there again 
saw his employer, who after attentively 
eyeing him without speaking, bade a meid 
be prepared for him ; when the maid pre- 
senting a smaller supply than her kind 
master deemed necessary, .she was ordered 
to return and bring out the entire dish. 
But aware of the danger of sudden reple- 
tion of heavy food to one in his condition. 
Israel, previously recruited by ihe fnigal 
meal at tlic inn, partook but sparingly. 
The repast was spread on the grass, and 
being over, the good knight again looking 
inquisitively at Israel, ordered a comfort- 
able bed to be laid in the bam ; and hert 
Israel spent a capital night. 







_ ia c^ wtth tU« lalMirt'i-s to their 
wlira hi»»'mi*ft>ver appToachiiig him 
will » btiMTnlcTit air, Imdc: bim n^tuni to 
In* eoorJi, «nt1 ihvtv nrinniti till he had 
dlcfi. ki* f^n, irrfi waji in a iKiUer psUtv IQ 

tSp^n ' >rih i^tn & lUtb alter 

l»m^ tt£ f«>uTiil >ir »rohn walkiti^ idone in 
ikp gfuutiiifi^ r|K»n iIit»coverin|; him, 
Imufwmdd hnv*^ r*/treaU'<l fiyirinj* that 
Ir ttAglit bitrtiJi> ; hut Itc'ckrmin;^ him to 
•J f iaw, the kniffht jt^ J.-nu*t drew ui^h, 
ixed tm bim ^urh n peiRtnitit)^ glance, 
Ikiimr piKiT bi'ru r]imki«<1 to the ^r^» 
WM iiUi dririid of deiuctioii n^^ 
hv the koivlit^ ru»w nJliujj m n 
b • . Israid 

»»' ■ 1 i- ■ :'i^:, rhvti 

•fwiatt^'tft U^t- MrurtU of tlie luji^ter to 
fa «erwit vrbo now npjieart'd, all dread 

*Bciiic bifhpr «mne wine I *' 
U yMtTK : tij G»nler of the 

laldlt iW » ' ' -t down TiD (( tm^em 

*Mjp<Kn »ff 

it 10 !■ -^ thjit you nrv au 

Aariicii... , .. .am not mieUikcn^ 

l«Ri ifv %ii i*«c«|>pd |iriioiiiir of WAr. But 

I^TM'I nghiiiet, 
..:.^ in hbhAiid, 



' t — I her** i t is ftpiin. W hy 
' J<>hn (ike the rest ?" 

ibH farm 
•BKr»tl me — but .SUTHthoW, 

1*1 It 1 c«a*t. You 
A * Tlark ye^ your 

.1.' ' .1 I r!,t which you 
; ' I a Mtrftnger ; 

I „ ,,, .., ,, . Utnty voUp" 
I y€m for thul, Mr .Millet*" 

_.iL- ruin f I r;itl ini/ liv mv riafht 

m - '-'^ivif 

% thmmnmi ttmr^ «w«^ John u* ^ther 

iW oiMs. C«/me. Only Sir ftiid then 

vvttldf not V. 

M VlttltTi 




I cunuM 

yiid mna 

1 thta k nigh I 

, *' ti?Il mvy arv 

1 1^ it'g 

r, I 
. .Veil, 

. . Hilt A fvC^ 

l»ra*'l fmnklr t?onft*si!t!tJ it,, and toli] his 
whole 8tor3% Tiie kuight h6tL'ne<l with 
much intLTiftt; J^nd ni U« roiiHuHion^ 
wtimtKi Isnuel to be wane of the soldiers j 
P>r owing to the scuii^ of acttim of the 
royal ^ulj^ bein^ in the ticijrhlKjrlHiod, 
tbe ted^coatfl abounded hi'n'4ilH>nt^t 

"I do not wish tmnecoscsarily to ipeak 
agjiinst my own country meii;' he added, 
'' I liiit plainly speak for 3'our^rood. The 
ioidier« yon meet provvlittg on the ro&ds, 
are not fnir specimens of the army. 
They are u set of mcnn^ dikHtanlly Imtiditti \ 
whfj, to obtain their fee, would lx*ti'ay 
thdr k^t tVirndft, Once nsore^ I warn 
ycm a^n^t them. But enough ; f^idlow 
me now to ihe house, and as you tell me 
you have exchan^d clothe?s before noWj 
you can do It Rgaln. What tay you ? I 
will i?i?e you eoat and breeches for your 

Thus generously supplied withclotbca, 
and other eonritirts by the good knight, 
and implicitly relying upon the honor of 
so kind-h4?artud a man, Umcl chceanl up^ 
and in the ctjursi? d' two or three weeks 
bad m fattened* his flanks, thnt he was 
nble completely to fill Sir John's old 
buckskin breeches, which at lii-st had 
bun^ hut loosely about him. 

He was mat&aed to an occupation 
which removed him from the other work- 
men. The fitrawbcrry bed was put nuder 
diis 8o1q rharge. And often^ of mild^ 
aunnr afWucioa^ the knight, genml and 
gentle with dinner, would stroll ban^- 
headed to the pka>ant strawberry lx*d, 
and have nitHj little con fi dent iai chatA 
with Iwrmd j while Israel, ehanned by the 
patriarclial demeanor of this true Ahn^ 
hamic gentleman, witli a imile on hiR lip. 
and tears of gratitude in his e3'es, offcrii'd 
him, from time to time, the }>lum|)c&i 
berries of the beti 

When the strawberry season wm over, 
other part-^ of the j:rr^>undi^ were asBigiiea 
him. jVnd jw> rIx months elapded^ wuen, 
at tlio nx'ommui Kbit ion of Str John^ 
Israel pnKurtHi u i^rkI lH?rlh in the ga^ 
d&n of the PrhuvflJi Amelia. 

So oomplrtrly rtow had recent c^«^<iitl 
metamor|jhot«.'d him in all ontwani ihingn, 
ttiat few BU^pected htm of lieing any other 
than an F*rtgli»*htTiaii. Not wn the 
kni|£ht's dome^tic^. But in the priimrsi^V 
gank'n, bcin^ obliged to work in eomijany 
with many other laborers, the wa^r 
wmH riftt'u a topic of di amontr 

tl»*?m. And' fiii^ d^I umbels" 

were not suldom tht? obj- . . . -. .u rdoui 
remark. Illy could the esik) brook 
in iih^iK^ «uch insults upon the oe»iititrj 
for which \m liad bled, and for wbooe 



Isrml Potfff ; or, Mfiy Ymrw tf Enle, 


bcmcvred sake he wbj; timt rery instant s 
BufFerer. More than udco, h^a indignft- 
tk>n cam© verjr nijjh fre-ltin? the better of 
hi? pradenoe* fie longtHl fnt the war to 
end, that he might but fipeak n Utile bit 
of his mind. 

Now the SHporinlendent of the garden 
was » harsK, overhparinp man. The 
workmen with tame senilitj enduiied bis 
worst fiffronts. But Isrfj<?l*bred mmon^ 
tncMjnt^ins, found tt impos*rible to re« train 
himself when madc^tht* undeeeircd object 
i>f pitile.'?^ epithets. Ere two months went 
by, he quitted the service of the princess, 
und enjjuped himself to a farmer in a 
gmall riling not far from Brentford But 
hardly ha3 he been htri* three weeks, 
wht^n a mm or again |rot afloat, that he 
waa a Yankee prisoner of war, W hence 
thii nsport&n^se he could neTer di&coTer. 
No pooner did it reach the ears of the 
soldiers, than they were on the alert. 
Luckily Israel was apprified of their 
intentions in time. But he wBs hard 
pushed. lie wjw hunted after with a 
perseverance worthy a Ic«;a ignoble cause. 
lie hjvl many hairbreadth escapes* Mos^t 
assuredly he would have Ixen captured, 
had it not b*en for tho secret ^ood offices 
of a lew indiTiduals, who^ perhaps^ were 
not nnfriendly to the Amerkfin side of 
the question, thoujarh they durst not 
avow it. 

Triit'ked one nipht by the soldiers to 
the house of one of these friends, in whofifi 
garret be was concealed ; he wa* obligied 
to for«? theakultle. and nmnm* alon^ the 
roof passed to thoi^e of fldjuining houf^es 
to the number of t«n or twelvej finally 
suDceoding in making \m eiMMk|>e« 

IlIUEIi Ui Ills Liax^i &%s. 

HA^tiAmED day and niphU hunted fro^ra 
food nnd sleep, dnven from hole to hok 
like a fox in the wo<.td.s ; with no chance 
tft earn an bourns wnifes ; he was at laj?t 
advjKiMl by one whoso sincerity he could 
not douht, to apply, on the good word of 
Sir John Millet for a berth as laborer in 
the KiUiT^s Ga^Jius at Kew. There. \i 
was saidi he would l>e entirely safe, as no 
soldier durst approjich those preniifics to 
molest any soul lh*.*reln employed, ll 
E truck the p»r exile as cunouBj that the 
very den of the British Uon* the private 
grounda of I he British King;^ should bo 
commended to a refugee as his secui^t 
Hi4 niliTity carefully concealed^ and 

beinir personally introduced to the clilef 
gardener by one who well knew him, 
armed too with a line from Sir John, and 
recommended by his introducer as un- 
commonly ejtpert at horticulture j Israel 
was soon installed as keeper of certnin 
leK.^ private plants and walks of the park- 
It was here, to one of hh n«ir country 
retreatis, that, coming from ptTpleseitjes of 
stilt c*-l caving far !:«hind hins the <\lnp^ 
old bricks of St. James— George the 
Third was wont to walk up and down 
beneath the long arbors formed by the 
inter lockings of lofty trees. 

More than onoe^ raking the gravel, 
Israel through intervening foliage would 
catch peeps in wme private but parallel 
walk^ of that lonely f5gure, not more 
shadowy with oTerhanging leaves than 
vsith the ^hade of royal meditations. 

Unauthorized and abhorrent though ta 
will sometimes invade the best human 
heart. Seeing the monarch unguarded 
before him ; remembering that the war 
was imputed more to the self- will of 
the King than to the willingness of pnr- 
j lament or the nation; mjd rulhng to 
mind all his own ^(ifferings growing out 
of that war, with all the calamities of his 
country ; dim impulses. ?nch as those to 
which the regiride Ka vat I lac yielded, 
would shoot baleful ly across the soul of 
the exile. But thm,^ting Satan hehind 
him, l^rsiel vanquished all such tempta- 
tions. Xor did these ever more di.sturb 
hirn, after his one clmnee conver£»ation 
with the monarch, 

M be was one day gravelling a tittle 
bye-waik ; wrapped in thought, tbo King 
t timing a clump of bushes^ suddenly 
brush erl lsmel\s person, 

luimetUati-dy L^ratl touched his bat-*- 
but did not remove it- — bowed, nnd was 
retiring; when something in his air ar- 
rest e<i the Ktng*3 attention. 

'' You aint an Engbshman^^no £ng^ 
liabnian — uo no,^' 

Pale as deathj Israel tried to answ^ 
something; but knowing not what to 
say; stood froaen to the ground. 

'^ You are a Yankee— a Yankee,'* said 
the King again in his rapid uid half- 
.^tanunering way. 

Again Israel a^snyed to reply, hut could 
not* What could be imy 1 Could he lie 
to a King I 

" Y'es. yes,— you are one of tlmt atub- 
born race.— that very stubbora tua^ 
Wlittt bnn3-ht yon bcre?'^ 

^'Thc faUs «>r war, sir.-' 

^'May ii please youi ' enid a 

low cringing voice, fti^ - '*tlik 

m«jn ifi in the walk t^ainst ordera. TImm { 


ifnwf pQit^r ; &r, Fifty Tmr9 o/ Exile, 


ll mrntt otiiitAke, taa^ it ptMiie your ma- 
fstjr, Quil tlie wdk, bbckhe^'' be 
bkwd it IsmcL 

ti wftM one of tbe junior ^ftrdci^ers who 
Lliu« ftpoke* It 6vrui!» tbivt Israel hftd 
miiUkcn lii* direr * ' ' ; * mom t ng, 

•^SliBk^ roo il the ^rdener 

a|iiB b> tawt\\ i..... .., il io the king, 

*j| aktAk* or tlie iiujl I t&^um jour 

*0v yott ■ir»y — ^iiwuy with jc, Mid 
kin! him irtih mc.*^ boifritiij kitt;;. 

Wiill^K A tnami^TiC till i\m iiian was 
•it iif l»nriiig« the king lagain tiinicd uputi 
*-WfT» Tou ftt Bunker Hill i — Umt 
' ■ ' Beaki^r Hill— eli, i^li ? '' 
f c«, fir," 
^foQfi^t Ifko i dctil^likc a Ton- defile 

.^ » 

flog — hcl|»ef| iiog mv sol- 

* Tak «r; but Tcry eony to do it" 
'Khl— ^K'— Tun/," 
* I took it luty, BJr." 

•* T«f7 tl^ — vt?ry raudi 

itricvii. W iij du yu .sir in© 1 — 
Till ynnt hmsr— yuur ki«|c/* , 
§tr I tit J, l>ut ^r Jth deep 

k-n^ v^^My for 

j^. iBnicl, 
, -villi -riHkl with 
Milt fvi|vr^ I. The king, ttirn- 

JDjf foddenh , %iitJKni rupily away from 
\mwHk ft SHimviiL hut prr^'titly rcttinting 

vili ft 1^^ 1.. .. *. .t^l, ** Yi^ii are 

l l MPf J 10 I ar&nmt!thing 

«f th«t p>rt .. -. ,. - . But I know 
joa m Dol — 00^ no. \ cm nfv a lunaw ay 
prasi^it^r uf-T^ar. ch ? V*Hi tm^e jioi^jht 
KdiiJ fforn |mr>ii)L ch 7 


• ^pc Bn lF*m'Nt ri"l>cl^Pobei, 
jm^z^UL r . lisu^k. .Sjiy nothing 

«f liiit tiUk And b^rk pgiiin. 

.eiidi jour iif'^ 

she iviog 


'Kill tKe kiag^ but tlie king^H kiiiduxiaitf 

* Jota Biy •riaj'— •fuiy*^ 

Sadljr k^skinf do«rvi, timi!! idkntly 

] awajr. Very «*tul/lH;)rn raoo 

— vicry stubborn race indoed-*— very— rery 

— ^vcry," 

And ^Ull growlinf] ttie magn&niiDoiis 
lion (kpartwl. 

How th*) mojum^h ctme by bis know- 
liHlgic of &o biuiible an exile, v^bfther 
through that swift insight into individual 
cliamcttT smid to form one of the mirairu- 
lous qualities tniii*^miiu*d wiUi a crovvn, 
or whether some of tJie rumorK jrrcTaillijg 
outside of the gardt'n had come to his 
eAr Israel coutd never dt'termiije. Very 
probably, though^ tlic lal icr \v^\^ the caiK^j 
inai^much li Home vagnc shadowy ivjwrt 
of Israel not hmtv% ta\ Engli^^hiuau, biwl a 
little previous to his inttTview with I ho 
king, been comrnunicateil to hevtinil of the 
inferior ganlenera. Without auy im- 
]M.'acbmoni of Isracrti fealty to hi.^ c^oun- 
try^ it muRt still Ix' narrated* that from 
tbb Im familiar audience with Gt-ori^' the 
Third^ he went away wjtb vtrv favt>rahle 
views of that monarch, Israid now 
thought that it (.\iuld tiut bi^ the warm 
heart of the king, hut tb« cold htjid^ of 
his lorrls in council^ that p'rhuafknl him 
srj tyrannically to perse*; utc AnuTi'a. 
Vet hit her to the precisie txjntrary of i his 
\\t^\ heeu IhrAwPi* opinion* aj^'tahly to the 
tH^pidAr prejudice throughout KtiW Eug- 

Thu^ we !^ce what straDge and powerful 
magic resides in a crown, and how aubtly 
that cheap and ea^y ma^oaiiinniy. which 
in private liclougA to uiost. kuii^M, may 
ojK'rute on iTfJod-naturvd and unfortuoato 
souls. fodiA^l hitd it not been lor the 
[H!culiar disiuterei^ti'd lidelit}^ of our ail* 
venturer's patrioti-sm, he would have >,oim 
tfported tho red coat ; and (x=rhap*s under 
the immediate patronages of hx^ royal 
friend, ho^n a^Jvanr^jeil in time U% no mean 
mnk \i\ the army of Britain < Nor in tliat 
case would we have had to follow him, as 
at la^tt ue ^^hall, t^irough long, long yearn 
of oh>ie?or<i and perjorimm waudcrmg. 

Continuing in the ^^trviee of tlie king's 
gtirdenem at Kew. until a tM^aMin came 
wheu IIki work of tbt) garden refpuml a 
Ie«H nuintj»er of labon*ni; Israi^l, with 
several otbeni, wa* dischargtul \ and the 
tlay after, en^fttSL^d bim^pcif for a few 
tOimtfiN to a fnritHT in the neighborhood 
wlnfu hr harj lie^n lant employeiL itut 
hy, wlwH thi^ old 

hardly a wei'k lunl \ 

(itpry of his b 

pnKiuer, or a ^ ■ 

be rtviveil with a-iJ 'I n 

h I ood liou nds, th v. u .A- 1 1 > i - 

on the* irn^ek. The houM 

bon-d wen* nwiiiv tmR'^ ^ . „^ 

thankN to thi' tiifiddty of a few eanioil 

Wf U'wishers, and to hi& own ^Uu^^««|iu^L 

1, or a runnway 
r ti -^pv. bt'gau to 

- .^ 1 M't^ more 
^ i' I he bar* 
' bul 


Isntei Poti^ ; or. Fifty Tears of MsUe, 


vigilAnce tnd ictJTitjr. the hunted tox still 
contitHied to elude apprehensiJOTi. To such 
extpeniitieij of hamsf^mcntv howcTer^ did 
this ince.^sJint pursuit subject him, that in 
m fit of despair he was about to surrender 
fnm.'icli^ aud isu^nnit to his fate, when 
Provideoo© iieasonably iuLerpoi^cd in his 


THK fAJlatiS AirTirOU OP TUl "* PTf IBBlOUl OP PFH* 

At this period, though mflide the victims 
indeed of British oppression, yet the colo- 
nies were not totally without friends in 
BritAia It was but natural th/it when 
Parliament it^lf held patriotic aini gift- 
ed Jnen^ who not only recommended 
conciliatory mea^ures^ but JikfWise de- 
nouncx-'d the wiir as inonstn>us ; it w^ 
but uatural that throiighout the nation 
at large there should be many private in- 
diriduals eheriiihujg stmHar sentunents ; 
and »ome who mrwle no scruple ctatides- 
tinely to act upon them. 

Late cine night while hiding in a far- 
mer's granary, L^rttel imw a man with a 
Lantern approaching. He was about to 
flee, when the man hailed him In a well- 
known voice, bidding him have no fean 
It was the fiiriner himself. He carried 
a me.^sa^e t<j Israel from a gentleman of 
Brentford, to the effect, that the refuj^ee 
w^ earnestly ^eq^e^ted to repair on fije 
following eTening to that gentleman's 

At fir.:^! Tsraet was diapoj^d to Burmiss 
that either the farmer was playing him 
&lBe| or else hi^ honcsl credulity had 
been imposeii upon by eTil-mlnded per- 
sona* At any rate, he rep.r*ied the mes- 
sage as a decoy, and for half an hour re- 
fused to credit its sincerity. But at 
leii^h he was induced to think a little 
better of it. The gentleman giving the 
iavilaiioii was one tSquire Woodcock, of 
Breutfurd, whotie loyalty to the king, 
had bt'on under euspidon] so at lea,* t the 
farmer u V e rnnl , This latter Informa t ion 
was n(kt nvthoiit ita effect. 

At nightfiill on the following day, he^ 
ing (lii^guitHifl in €tt range ebthes by the 
farmer, Israel sloltj from his retreat^ and 
after a tvw hourd* walk, arrivt^d before 
the ani'u'dt 1 trick houM* i>f the Squire; 
who opt'uing the door in i>rr';on, and 
leamin^r who it waR that stootl thi>re, at 
'^oe a8.4uriHl Israel in the most iolemn 

manner^ that no foul plaj was inteiKkd. 

So the wanderer suJfered himself to en- 
tern, and be conducted to a private diam- 
ber in the rear of the mansion, wliertj 
were seated two other gentlemen^ attired^ 
in the manner of that age, in long lac^ 
coats with smallciotheSj and sh(.>es with 
silver buckles, 

** I am John Woodcock," said the hofft, 
*^and the^ gentlemen are Home Tooke 
and Jamei; Bnd^, All three of us are 
friends to Amenca. We haTe heard of 
Ton for some weeks past, and inferring 
from your conduct, that you must b« ■ 
Yankee of the true blue stamp, we have 
resolved to employ you in a way which 
you cannot but gladly approve ; for sunc^ 
ly^ though on exile, you are still willing 
to serve your country ; if not as a sailor 
or soldier, yet as a traveller?** 

** Tell me how I may do it ? " demand- 
ed Israel, not completely at ease, 

■^'At tliAt in g04>d time/* smiled the 
Sqnire. "The pouit is now — do yoti 
repose confidence in my statements 1 '* 

Israel glanced inquiringly upon the 
Squire ; then upon his companions ; and 
meeting the ejcpressive^ enthusiastic, can- 
did countenance of Home Ttwke — then 
in the ^ts% honcet ardor of hb political 
career— turned to the Squire, and said^ 
''Sir; I believe what you have said. 
Tell me now what I am to do? '' 

" Ohj there is just nothing to be done 
to-night," said the Squire j '' nor for some 
days to come perhapsj but we wanted to 
have you prepared »" 

And hereupon he hinted to his gtiest 
rather vaguely of bis general intention i 
and that over, begged him to entertain 
them with some account of his adven- 
tures since he tirst took up arms for hia 
country. To this Israel had no objeo- 
tions in the world, since all men love to 
tell the talc of hardships endured in a 
righteous cause. But em beginnijog hia 
story, the Squire refreshed liim with 
some cold beef, laid in a snowy napkiiij 
and a gla&s of Perry, and thrice during 
the narration of tlae adventures, pressed 
him with additional draughts. 

But after hii> second glass, reraet de- 
clined to drink more, mild as the hever* 
age was. For he iiotice^lj that not only 
dui the three gentlemen listc-u with the 
utmost interest to his story, but hkewiee 
interrupted him with questions* and cross- 
queslions in the most [lertinadous mon^ 
nen So thi* led him to be on bin guard. 
not being absolutely certam y<rtj an to 
who they might really be, or what wa» 
their real design. But as it turned out 
Squii\£ Woodcock and his frienUa only 


limd Potter ; or, Fifty Tfara of Ekiif. 


lifrcv Biiklni? tfif Ir finjil tligclo^un?*, thit 
^ '»ni implicit con- 

Atkd I" ti«i» ik*^mbl^ conelusbn ih<?j 
ffmtuAllj 4XIZ1C ; for upon thc^ eiifliug of 

ptkie* for hH bAnf«Lliip«, tnd appUuciing 

■iipeBri u in £o patleiitty 

mAmfUii: well fL^ 8inf,-iug 

thiBBi«r< o! hi^ ^Hjmut felloW'tiioldirr-a 
rf fi^cr HUi ; fJwy opviily rt^vt^aled 
iMr idMrBiiL i'kvv wUhed to know, 
ttobdr Ijcnd woiJd undcrtAkc k trip 
1,0 e*'*'"^"" '"ijioriaiit m€«siige 
Ijr to J I for tianhUiiHMon 



L i;pen«4t'S ph*U be pud. not to 

lire; *' h.i; wm ^a|'' 

think of it," ^d Isricl, not 
jli vbullf «»tifirTntfl in his tnmd. Uut 
mm- wr^ ' liis [rl^&ticx.' uti llunie 

TMic«r a T ^. ► 1 1 1 f 1 1 111 w ji H g<>n e. 

TW 8q«4)r*' t4<i<7 mformefl Urucl that, to 
isqil «aiificioitit, It would kx? iH'c!c.<siLr/ 
Ir \mm to rvmoTc lo ant*ther pl4c« until 
te Imw «I nrhidi hv »boy]tl Ht&rt for 
fmm. Thmy titjobed npon him the pro- 
IvB^lil is«fMj ; g«Te hin> a guin(?a. 
vtfll ft Micr lor * gcnUcmtui in Whiio 
W«|||im^ % \mwtk mwic tsiiks frotii Urt^nt^ 
frfi| wlkKb piitif tt]<.<v bf/cji^tii hnn to 
fmm m toon - k*, iKtre to tarry 

Qbras mforuMMi him ttf thus mueli. 
fi|qB« Waoiloook ftskcd him to hold out 

'^WbalbrT'* mkilmcL 

*1ilij, m%mH jtM not like to havf r 
pirctf' Mw boou ignidfft jrour reluru?'' 
«iU EofM Tooke. 

*»IJ1l jw; BO objcctjons at all/' luitd 

* Well tbok kt IIm boot-mtkof tDi@»- 
mfmjmm.'' miik4 H^mm Tooke. 

* Do fou ilo it, Mr. Tr»ok<^ Miid the 
Sflsr^ *'jroa mouttre mini** ptrt» bettor 

^Ottld ««l joor foot, my goi>d frkud,^ 
aid HonMr Tcuk^*-*' there**fi&tr hst's 
MHPf9^ Tfmr bciarL'' 

^ meamiri iii« rtranil th^ 
iL^ ' .rsah 

*J^i U4<* man wo want," iiaid Mr. 
i tniiiii)ibiaiidv. 

liir: ' r glAM of wbe, 

.,. .^ajiar'i dollicn for 

dbpiiMj, Liiravl now i(i<t out 

miatf^ ^» ^U f^^ b^ lit^iitinaiiun^ 

isoslfod raioute diri^:tioiis »« to 

hi& ro.vl J and ttrivjui: in White Uftlihiiia 
on the following morning, wsih very i-onli- 
ally receJTed by the gi?nitemiin t*> wboui 
he carried the letter This pennon, nn- 
other of the active English rrit'iifb of 
America, po8S)»sed a particular knoM led^^^ 
of late event* in that land. To him 
iMracl wafi indebted for much entertaining 
information. After remaining Kome ten 
thjh lit this pUcCj word cjime from Sqinre 
\\'(>od(x>ck, requiring Israel's immediate 
return, MMing the bout at which be must 
nrrift at the hmnyo, namely ^ two o'clot^k 
on the following morning. So, after an- 
other nfght*a solitary trudge across the 
country, the wanderer was wd comer J by 
the same three gentlemen as befyr©> 
abated in the same roomp 

*' The time has now conns," imid Squiro 
Woodcock. *' You nm?it start thU morn- 
ing for Paris. Tak e otr y u r ^h wk^' 

"Am I to steal from here to Vnm on 
ray stocking- feet?" said Urael whoao 
late ea,sy g*io<J hving at White Waltham 
had not fat led to hring out the i:ood*u&- 
tured and mirthful part of him, even 
as hiB prior cxptricnc^s had produced, for 
the luQHi jmrl^ sometbing like a contmry 

'^ Oh no^" smile^l Uornc Tooke» who al- 
ways? livetl well ; *" we have seven-league 
boots for you. Don't you remember my 
m<ai»uring you ? *' 

Uereu|iun gping to the dose t, the Squire 
brouglit out a fiair of new boots. They 
were ijtte<l with faliie hcel^, Umscrewtng 
tbi*w^ the !>quirt? showed Isnul the pajiera 
concealed beneatJL They were of n line 
ti^sney lihre^ and contained much writing 
m a very small compass. The hoots — it 
need hardly be said — had been particu* 
larly made for the occasion. 

^* Walk AcrocHS the room with tbetn^''^ 
said the Squire, when UraiMl liad pulled 
them on. 

**nell surely b© discovered/* smiled 
Homo Tooko. " Hark, bow be creakK.*' 

** Come, com«*^ il^s loij gerions a matfer 
lor joking,^ isaid the Squire* ** Now my 
fine fellow, Vie c^iitiuua, be sober, he vigi- 
lant^ and a bo vn All things ho spe«dy*'* 

Beinq^ funnshed now with alt rvqiUHito 
directicju^ ami a ftupply of money. Israel 
tiiking leave of Mr. Tuoke and Mr. 
liridgcfl;, was iocretly condimtcd dovin 
timrs by the Squire, and i 
time w&^ on bid way to ^ r i 

lyi:»i]don ; where tJiking th<- jhjhl lo^ru atr 
thfTVTr he thenfic wrnt in a f«eket to 
Calaiti. an-l " ti*'<"n mmuteA a Ait land- 
ing, wn^ ti 4 ov<r Fn'in^h »i>il 
lowardii }'^. \l - ^rriveJ Llirfre in nafe- 
ty, and froely declaring hitniielf an Araer^ 


or, JF^Jty Tmrw ef Etik. 


icwn. the peenliarly fritndly rolations of 
the two nuiion* at that period, procared 
him kiodly iLtteotions Qvcn from strangers. 


SLTT^K A tiniToift ADTKnTcrsB FPOH -niE PO»T If Iter, 

OtAUK, 112^ rUjLTrEUTr^ WttnU UK n!IIl» IIGBT IJL^JtSf- 

FoL LOWING the directions given hfui at 
the place where the diligtmce stopped. 
Israel wia cross^in^ the Pont Neuf, to 
find Doctor Frutiklin^ when he w^ sud- 
denly called to by a man stiinding on one 
side of the bridge, just under the eques- 
trian statue of Henry ! V< 

The miin had a smuU, shabby ^looking 
box before him on the g^-onnd, with a box 
of bracking on one side of it, and {^ereriil 
shoe-brn,shcs upon the other» riolding 
anothiT brash in his banrl^ he politely sec- 
onded his Terbal invitation by gracifqlly 
flourishing the brush in the air. 

'* What do you want of me, neighbor?" 
said Israel J pau,*^ing in same what uneasy 

^■Ah MotLsieur," exclaimed the man^ 
and ^nih voluble politeness he ran on with 
a lon^ string of French, which of course 
was all Greek to poor Israel. But what 
his language failefl to convey, his gestures 
now made very plain. Pointing to the 
wet muddy state of the bridge, splashed 
by a ret5ent rain, and then to the feet of 
the wayfarer, and lastly to the brush in 
hjs I land, he appeared to be deeply re- 
gretting that a gentleman of Ismer« oth- 
erwise iin posing appearance, should Ije 
seeti abroad with unpolished boots, offer- 
ing at the s&me time to remove their 

^'Ah Monsieur, MoosieiiT,'- cried the 
man, at last running up to Israeh And 
with tender violence he forced him tow- 
ards the bo:!r^ and lifting this unwilling 
customer's right foot thereon, was pro- 
ceetling vigorously to work, w*heu Hud- 
denly illuuiiuated by a dreadful suspicion, 
Israel, fe telling the liox a terrible kick, 
took to his false heels and ran hke mad 
over the bridge, 

Inoen«)ed that his politcnesis shonld re- 
eeive such an ungracious return, the mau 
pursued ; which but confirming Israel in 
his suspicions, be ran all the fitst^r, and 
thanks to his flee tness^ soon succeeded in 
escaping his pun^ner. 

Arrived at last at the street antl the 
houi^^e, to which ho had been directed; 
in 1 tply to his ^uimnons^ tiie piU\ very 
stran^'Jy of itself ewung ojjcn j and mueh 
astonished nt this unlooked*fi>r sort of 

enchantment. I>?rael entered a wide vault- 
ed passage leading to an open court with- 
in. While he was wondering that no soul 
appt^arett, suddenly be waa hailed from a 
dark little window, where sat an old man 
cobbling shoes, while an old wonittQ stand- 
ing by his side, was thrusting her head 
into the passage, intently eyeing the stran- 
ger* They proved to be the porter and 
prtregs j the latter of whom, uptm hear- 
mg his summons, had invisibly thrust 
ofWn the gate to Israel^ by me^uis of % 
spring communicating with the little 

Upon hearing the name of Doctor 
Franklin mentioned, the old woman, all 
alacrity, hurried out of her den, and with 
much courtesy showed Israel across the 
courtf up three flights of stairSj lo a door 
in the rear of the ^^podoae building. 
There she left him while Israel knocked. 

"Come in," said a voice. 

And immediately Israel etocMi in the 
presence of the veuemble Doctor Frank- 

Wrapj>ed in a rich dreseing-gown — a 
fanciful pi-esent from an adnnring Mar- 
cbesa— euriously embroidered with al- 
gebraic fi gurus like aconjuroT*s n>be, and 
with ^ skull-cap of black satin on his hive 
of a head, the man of gravity was seated 
at a huge claw-footed M table, round as 
the zodiac* It was covered with printed 
papers; flies of documents; rolls of 
MSS. J stray bits of strange models in 
wood and trietal ; odd*looking pamphlets 
in various languages ; and all sorts of 
booka ; including many presentation-co- 
pies j embracing history ^ mechanics, diplo- 
macy j agriculture, political economy, met- 
aphysics, meteorology, and geometry* 
The' walls had a necromantic look ; hung 
round with barometers of kitrerent kinds ; 
drawings of surprising inventions ; wide 
maps of far countries in the New World^ 
containing vast empty spaces in the mid- 
dle, with the word D E 8 E R T diffusely 
printed there, i!oas to span five^^nd-twen* 
ty degrees of longitude with only two 
syllables, — which printed word howiever 
bore a vigorous pen-mark, in the Doctor's 
hand, drawn straight through it^ as if in 
summary repeal of it ; crowded topogra- 
phical and trigonometrical charts of vari- 
ous parts of Europe; with geometrical 
diagrams, and endless other sur[>risipg 
hangtngs and uphoktery of science* 

The chamber itself bore evident marks 
of antiquity. One part of the rough^iih 
ishi-^ ■ ^'' '— ^'- T.i = „...! ^,,^ 

wi' Ifo 

fig^ij. ...,....:.., ..,.,.,„.. ,. ,. - ,.cll,, 

looked neat and hale. Both wmH tmd 


hrofl Potter ; or, Fift^ ¥mn of MMtU. 




mm wtn oonipoQiuied of )fk» mftterml^ 
IJMB lull iliiiKt ; both^ toa. w«t« old i 
Ist wltslr tbo mile cmrth of Uio will had 
w ptttot«tl lu^tr. U) HEed DflT&ll fiulings 
sd lanl»^< ' ki^i> fi\*%h without, 

ttMA wit i ! . I its core decayed : 

tkt Uring hnm liad 4uflt of ihe sigd 
WW frescxiW with <l«jleii8if« blooin of bis 

The wcalher wm m»i ; liko^omeold 
W«al ludtA bpgBlie«d on lh@ ^hsa-i, the 
wkflle daotiW bussed with tlivs. But 
CW MMplQiii inixuite ui «ti]l and cool in 
^wMt^ Absorbed in aome other wr>rld 
il bis tocviiftiJOQi ind thoughts, these 
ilwoli» Uck# d«iJ jr cork and cam% did not 
mmm oam wlilt to tnway him* It we4 a 
IpNJhr WCt^^ to lio tbifl serctbc, cixpI nnd 
flpB iMil |Sit1o<<.<iilirr. who by &lmrp inqul- 
iitidsi of m irir^t, luid tlieii Ion? 

, J, Kurrouuded by iU 

» i|«Mr Ud uniiktiieaia, charts and 
bad grown it last to wondrous 
TUerv be iftt, i|uit«? niotioui^^ia 
ihnmm Mtk» flies ; and, with a 
y. ' ' ^ir noon roiirtrmr of foH* 
wm ba turmng ot it tho IcmTcs 

■TfOfDr anck tit md t»ttetvd foiiOj with 
ft faiwfiiif ikrk ASkd iihttgy tA tbe bark of 

3r dd 0^ It •taoeSas if enprnntu- 
lot* WBtrnt pat d i pvtAln to tbi» graTe- 
_s| at ^*"^*^* f^"*- ftiresight^ 
.andVoi- IU. Old 

matriic i i . ^ aiH«d him^ 
1st to ha«» M)«r(«f4>ed j jitat aa old dm- 
liHRiiT«»— ^ti thi V l*c fj| good steel— 



I Sra." 

t;rLs Vetthongb 
l» w«a tbu ^iHH tti bi^hofd, 

Si4'lii> ars^his cjfact 

at tb<- buw, tb« incredibhi 

■■Irtriry vi ivian aoaim^ biiu 

Siii tiba jcsv> (>i nin 4iUcudar » liollj, but 
ate Uit jfmtn of lapicuco. Uipi whito 
I tnild bmw^ vpuk^ of the Mature 
Ua ttiwitiMl to be 

1 -'oro 

la., , .. . even 

M veil aa th£ (iA«t, 
aiVcB •oQfi' j«ac« old i 

' pauw In all. 
fiaii wbio laraipl i^< fijH-d within tiie 

r, be loaf tba t.^t of all 

1} liar fbafli^^bj>' (aov^ won 

1 lo bitn. 

fia, if5t*?fi< on bM frrftmf, bttrri-ed and 

iMiati If <Y»uriar 

>aiP f impreaa- 

^(ijoitr, Wil jour, (SI 
u*- Lzifui af iHadiHD^ i «t^'j 

bat Inn hwigr lo tmm ^ 

* How do jroii dci, i ■.-.'.,. ^j . ,.,t,r,itn,'' 

** Ah I I EincU Indian corn,'* said i\m 
Doctor, tuniing round quickly on hia 
<'h*ir. " A I'auutryrnnti ; sit dnvrn, my 
gocxl sir. Well, what ucws? Sfx?ci*l?" 

** Wait a njinute. sir,*' i^aid Israel step- 
ping across tii(9 room towards a chair, 

Sow there was no c&rpet on the floor, 
which wa£ of djirk-oolof^' wood* ml in 
lozenges^ and slippery with wnx. afkT the 
u^ual French styJe. As lj>riiel walked 
this »Zjppary floor, his unaccustomo^l feet 
slid about very strangely, m if walking 
on ice, eq ihiki ht came very near f^lltn^ 

'* Tears to me you have rather high 
becb to your boots,*' said the grave man 
of utility^ looking sharply down through 
hb spwriacles; ** Lk>n*t you kn<[iw Uiat it*s 
both wHhtitig luather and L-ndnTigering 
your Umb^, to wear Bueh high hceli ? I 
have thought at my first leisure, to write 
a little pamphlet aK'^inst tliat vi^ry ahuse^ 
But pray, what wre you doing now 1 Do 
your hoots pinch you, my friend, that 
you If It one loot from the floor that 
way 1 " 

At this moment, Israel having seated 
him^iclC wiui juHt putting his right foot 
across his left knee. 

'' How foolish^" continued the wis© man, 
"for a rational creature to wear tight 
boots, }l&i\ nature iutt' tided rational creji- 
ttuvs lihtjuld ao do, ^le would have made 
the foot of psolid bone*, or jwrhaps of solid 
iron, instead of bout% muscle^ and U&slu — 
But,— laee. Iloldi^' 

Aud springing to his own sllppored 
feet, the venvrabb iogts hurriod to the 
door and &hot*to llio bolL Tht-ti drawing 
the curtaiu carefully ai^raKs the window 
looking out across the court to varioo^ 
windowii on the opposite sido^ bida Israd 
proceed with hm o|^<iniitonSi 

^' [ was mistaken this time," addod the 
Doctor, smiling, as Israrl produced his 
docunientfi frt^m their curioua niouaees — 
''your high hiH.'[s, luHtead of bcine idla 
vaniti««, Jiouni u^ l>c full of meaning?' 

" Fpcity full, Doctor/* jsaid Israel, now 
handing ovvr ihc^ pepcrs, ^^ 1 tmd a nar^ 
roir iioapt with thutu just now," 

'* How I Ilovv'g that ? '' yud tho j^go« 
ftimbUnf; tlie papem eagerly. 

'' Why, crossing the stone bridgt tliera 
over thx* Strn " — 

** Seine "— inii^rrupte<i the Doctor, giv- 
ing the Fi-cncJi pronunciation — ^''Aiwayi, 
get a nrw word n^ht iu tlie flr«t plaov, 
uil, aud you will never get it wrong 

11 ljI 1 wjifi nroiHitJir " ■ ^ — ^ — " "^ 
and whti ^lioi»ld hail nn i^ia 

looking m»n» who, un'Ui j -.. ^i^k- 

r^g to polii^h my houta, wantcMl alyly 1^ 


Tmtii PoiUr ; or^ ftft^f Fm« rf ExtU, 


nnscrcw their heels, und so Rt^al vXX thcfle 
precious papers I*vb brought ytJu." 

"ATy good friend." said the niftn of 
gravjij, glancing scrutmiifiingly upon his 
guest, '' Imve yoti not in your tinjc, under- 
gone what they c*Jl haH timi*?i ? Been 
set ufion, and perftecuted, and very illy 
entreuttii by Bom« of your fellow-crea- 
tures I " 

** That I have, Doctor ; yes indeed." 

^'I thought sD> Sad usage has made 
you sadly suspicion*?, my honest friend. 
An iiidL'icriniinato distrust of human na- 
ttire is the worst conse<|ii(in»:^ of a miser- 
able condition, whether broufiht about by 
innocence or guilt. And though want of 
BUEpieion more than want of sense, some- 
times leads a man into harm ; yet too 
much suspicion \^ as bad as too little sens^. 
The man you met. my friend, most pro- 
bably, had no artful intention ; he k new- 
just uothmg about you or your heels ; 
he simply wanted to earn two sons by 
brush in^ your boots. 'I'ho^e blacking- 
men regularly stulion Ihemtielvea on the 

'"How sorry I am then that 1 knocked 
over his l»ox, und then ran away. But 
he didn't catch me.*' 

" How 7 surely^ my honest friend, you, 
— flpliointed to the conveyance of import- 
ant secnit despatches — did not act so im- 
prudtniLly as to kick over an innocent 
uian'ri box in the public stret^is of the 
capitsd, to which you had beea egpecia!!/ 

'' y t^s T did, Doctor;* 

'* Never act so unwisely again. If the 
police had got hold of you^ think of what 
might have ensued.'* 

'" Well^ it was not very wise of me, 
that'n a factj Doctor. But, you stfe, I 
thought he meant mischief." 

''And because you only thought he 
meant tuischiof, you must straightway 
proceed tci d* mi^hief. That's poor logic. 
But think over what £ have told you now^ 
while I IcKik over these papers. ' 

In half an bourns time, the Doctor, lay* 
iug dowti the documents, again turned 
towai'ds Israel, and re mo ring his specta- 
cles very placidly^ proc.'eeded tn the kmd- 
est and most la miliar manner to read him 
a piiternal d<itadeii Icsison upon the ill- 
tdvi^d act he had been guilty of, upon 
the Pout Neuf; (Xtncluding by taking 
out \m purse^ and putting three small 
silver coins into larael'a handa^ charging 
him to seek out the man that very day, 
iind mak«^ both apology atid ret^titutiou 
Ibr his utducky mistake. 

*' All (if u*i, my honest friend," con- 
ifiitiml the Doctor^ ^* nre snhjeQl to making 

mistakes ; m tJiat the chief art of Jife, ii 
to learn how best to remedy mi!^tak^?s. 
Now one remedy for mistakes is honesty. 
So pay the man for the damage done to 
his l)Ox* And now, who are you. my 
friend ? My corresjpondents here meor 
tion 3' our n.^me^Isniel Putter^aijd nay 
you are an American, an escaiped prisoner 
of war, but nothing further. I want to 
hoar your story from your own lips. 

Israel immediately began, and related 
to the Doctor aU hm adventure^s up to the 
presjsnt time. 

**I suppose^" said the Doctor^ upon 
Israels concluding, **that you desire to 
return to your friends across the sea ? " 

'*■ That i do. Doctor," said IsiaeL 

'* Wc'lL [ think, I shall be able to pro- 
cure you ft passage.'* 

I srael ^s eyes spark led wi th deli ght. The 
mild Kige noticed it, and added. '* But 
events in these tiujcs are uncertain. At 
the prfiSfject of pleasure never be elated j 
but^ without depresaion. resjwet the omens 
of ill. So much uiy hfti has taught me, 
my honest friend." 

Israel felt as though a plum -pudding 
had tM!^n thrust under his nostrils, mid 
then as rapidly withdraxvn. 

*■ 1 diink it is pmbablc that in two or 
three d.iyii I ^^hall want you to return wttb 
some papiers to the persons who sent you 
to me. In that ease you will have? to come 
here once more, and then, my guod friend, 
we will see what can be doite towards 
getting you safely h:>me again/' 

Israel ivaa pouring out torrents of 
thanks when the Doctor interrupleil him. 

"Gratitude, my friend, eannnt be too 
much towards Uud, but towanis man, it 
should be limited, No man can jjossibly 
ED serve his fellow, as to mcr;t unbt»unde<l 
gratitude. Over gratitude in the helped 
person, is apt to breed vanity or arro^ 
gance in the helping one. Now in assist^ 
ing you to get home^ — if indeeil I shall 
prove able to do so — ^I shall be simply 
doing part of my oflicial duty as ag!ent of 
our common country, So you owe mc just 
nothing at all^ but the- sum of these coins 
I put in your hand jujat now. But that, 
iuislcad of repaying to me hereufler, you 
can. when yoM get home, give la the lirst 
&«jidier*s widow you meet. DunH forget 
it, for it is a debt, a pecuniary liability, 
owing to n;e. It will be ahout a tjuarter 
of a dollar, in the Yankee curit^nc)'. A 
quarter i*f a dollar, mind. My honest 
fi'iend, in pecuniary matteiT^ alvvavs be 
exact mm sceond-liriml TitVHrmijiti with 
whom it isj father ' |AiisanJ or 

king, be exact to a t r liunor/' 

^* Well, Doctor^" said ifcrael, **miiceex- 





III iTxr rciv twii nn (libtm Uie ¥er]f' coins 
m ?. lliiTC wiU l>e 110 

r: II. Thunks to my 

r- riiJ^ i bftVf i^noiicjb to rtpiir<3 

tii . t*i Mi.'ltlo daniii;^*H Willi llio 

W^LUx k 4 if Hie (irkl^% I only ti>i>k the 

3fnini 50U. bwftusc J diouj^bt it 
1 ! i push it iKick art^r 

i'l the Doclor, 
ri tJeftliag. 1 


*- X<» mui^Ai, I*t»ctof, I hop*," sitid 

tli» Mge looked nitUIIy over his epcc- 
tMiwiipoa iHm.], mil roplit^j. '^ My i^ixkI 
tnmd, ft»T«r jiermit vourM-lf t.i ^pfcjiHHMW 
ipiB pcrwTi brr nmttt-Ts. Nevtr joke at 
ftiatfv! Ik' huamesH transactions. 
tbe «11 ^ n 114^ Iwu, you puHmps 
^Ma Yi:f> trniul, hut trifkg niaj invoNc 
WaOMfllOCUi |>rnc*ip1(?$;. But na uiofG al 
ffiMnl Y' ■ ler go imtuedmtely 
lollM U>> K. Ilaviii^ settled 
wttfi y&iv rt ^ you w-ilt find 
ifHMB Mid . 'li^ ivheTv ydu 

vflitay d*i;..i^ ,t i. , rn b Parii" 

- Hut I tboiight I Kuuli] m^ to hate a 
BttiliMic rottfMl the Lo wii^ befon^ I go back 
|» IhnJinil" Mid IsTAcL 

**^"fc#inf*i Wfon.' ti!c[i>iir(?^ niy* friend. 
ir«aiii' in your room, 

|iift r^ > I -i}Cr^ until you 

^1 ' ' f i«»Jiu^. Ni>t kiiowtng oQir 

ai ^nt I vhtll trant you to startf 

jvar kvi^y^ti'^ tiJ your room L* imliiipen* 
MJMii. Hut irhcn yritj cuiuo tnu^k frotn 
Bmifftwil m:! t tfnothmg happens, 

Toa w»0 lia^ to turvoy this cclo- 

naiad cant^ ! 1 1 fJr America. 

Mov 00 dirt ! m boot- blaek. 

aaata y^^ ^m. « 1^^... ihango ready ? 
L be tiyktag out all your money in thi? 

**t>oetQt/* amid Iiimd, ^'I am mi so 

kc<l over th«J boat*" 

f Iff a* brav*?ry.** 

" ik»visi^ m a f^ior f^t^, is the heif^ht 

d MnplintT. niy frioitd. — i^ouivt oat your 

It Frvucb eoin, not 

Ih I to |iAy iht' man 

•Ab, ihni s\ Ml li-j^Uio?^!' Lbrt't f^inft 

wfli ha cnougli* Put ihvtn iti n piM^kct 

i frm^ * ■' Mu Now go, 

*SWJ I .;.., >. .. .ucdany whtre, 

iMor^ as I relum 7 I naMr Mjjrtst'al cook* 
dai^ a* I eanii blbirr. ' 

* Cato tSKl roata«r«i]t% tbdj aro callud 
hm% my buoaal (HniiL Tell me. an 

" ofa libefmf hriuaef^ 

t.aro you 

*' Not very liberal," sftid Umd, 

'*! thought as much. Wlicre little 
wine is drunk^ it h ^kxI to dine init fM3- 
casionally at a frtend^^ ; but w here a |ioor 
man dines out at bi^ own chnpec it is* bad 
policy- NeTer din*;; «ut that vv:iy* wboti 
you can dine in, T>o n<>t*,(f>puti tbo way 
at all. niv honest friend, but come dir<v!tly 
liftck hither, and you shall dine at horai^ 
fr**i? of cost, with me." 

** lliank you very kindly^ Doctor** 

Anil Ihrael departed for tbc Punt Kcuf. 
SucceetJiuj? in his errand thitbur. he n> 
turned to hoctor Frank tin, tnd found lliat 
worthy envoy waiting liis nttpnilnni^H at a 
meal, vrhich aco<jrdm^ to the lloctor's 
custom^ had been sent from a nei^bljor- 
ing restaurant TJiere wert two covers j 
and without altendmicK the hoj^t ami fjueat 
gat down. Then* was only one principal 
dish, hmb boiled with irreen peas. Bread 
and potatoes made up tf 10 rent. A din ^i*n- 
ter-like bottle of iinoolorcd glass, filled 
with fjome uncolored beverage, stood at the 
vtncrnble envoy's elbow. 

*' Let me fill your gla^/^ said the iiage. 

'^ JVb whit© wine, aint it ? '* said Urml 

'* White mne of the very oMej»t brand j 
r drink yotir health in it, my honest 

**Why, it*s pliiin water," swd laraol, 
now tasting it. 

" Plain water is a v^ry good drink for 
plain men.*' replied the n ise man. 

** YeSi" said Inrael, *' but Squire Wood- 
cock gave me perrv, and the other gen- 
tleman at White WaUbam gave me port^ 
and HO me other friemt^ bavo gt?en me 

u Very good, mj honest friend | if you 
like perry and port nnd brandy^ wait till 
you gel back to 8<juire WiMxlii^^k^ and 
Ihe gentleman at SVhite Walt ham, and tbo 
other frienii!^, and you ^ball drink ]M?rry 
and port and brandy. But while you ara 
with me^ you wilt drink plain water. ^* 

^^ So it flecma, Dact*>r*" 

'' What do you luppuise a glass of port 

** About three pence Kn^r^inih^ Doctor." 

**Tbat mujst b« poor yiort But how 
inuch [.^ood bread wiU three jience Eng- 
lish nunrlia^i 7 ^* 

** 'hirce two- penny rolK Dtxrtor*' 

** llow many glasses of port do vou 
suppo!5e a man may drink at a meal ?^^ 

^ The genii Oman at White Waltliaiu 
drank a botUc at a dioiiJifr/* 

" A iKillie contains Juat tbuteen (jlaiant 
— IhatV thirty -ninit pence, auppOHlng it 
|ioor wine* If «onutliing of the he^t^ 
which in the oii\y mt\ at\v f»aiw& \ua& 
aliotild drink, aa bemg Cbe Vii^ vittisor 

onsj it wotild ha quadruple that sttni^ 
which is one hurjclred and tlfty-six ppnce, 
wkich m seven tj-eipht Iwc!^ penny loaves^ 
Now% flo you not think that for one man 
to swallow down seventy-two two-[>enny 
rolls at one meal is rttthur estnivagant 
boHiness 1 " 

" Bnt he drank a bottle of wine *, he 
did Hot eat seven ty*two two- penny rolls. 

'* lie drank the money worth of seven ty- 
two loavos, which is drinking: the loaves 
themselves j for money is bread J ^ 

*• lint be has plenty of money to spare, 

** To have to spare, is to havo lo gn?e 
away. Does the gentleman give much 

"Not that r know of. Doctor.'* 

"Then he thinks he haj nothing to 
spnre ; ruid thinking he has nothing to 
Bpari!^ and yet prodigally drinkint^ down 
his money as he <3tK*s every day, it eeems 
to me that that i^nttenjan stands self* 
contrjuiiete^i and therefore is no good ex- 
ample for pi am sennible folks like you and 
me to follow. My honest fri«*nd. if yon 
are poor, avotd wine as a costly luxury ; 
if you are rich, sliun it as a fatal indul- 
geoce. Stick to plam water. And now, 

my good friend* if yon are throtigh wtth 
your meaJ, we will rise. Thi^re is no 
pastry coming. Pastry h porwnGd bread* 
Never eat pastry. Be a plain man. and 
stick to plain things, Now^ my friend 
I shall have to tie private until nine o'clock 
in tht; ovL^ning. when I ahall be again at 
your service. Meantime* yon may go to 
your room* I have ordered the one uoxl 
t0 thiii to be prepared for you. But you 
mnst not be idle* Here k Poor Riistiard's 
Almanac, which in view of our Ial0 &m- 
versation, I csommcnd lo your eameet 
pmisaL And here, too, i.^ a Guide to 
Paris^ an Englisli one, which you eaa 
read. Study it well, so that when yoa 
come back from England if you should 
then havo an opportunity to travel about 
Paris^ to see it^ wonders, you wiil have 
all the chief places made historicallj 
familiar to you. In thin world, men must 
provide know Judge before it is wanted^ 
juBt as our countrymen in New England 
get ID their winter's fuel one gciu>«ii^ to 
serve them the nexL" 

So mymgj thij* homely sage, and house* 
hold Platn. showed his humble gue^t to 
the door, and standing in the ball^ pointed 
out to him the one whicb opened into his 
allotted ai»artment* 


C K F U C I U 8 , 

•*To wjircb Ibrthc principle of th1up«, whkli ure reinovwl ttom liiimmi lntellljffini^ ; U* Jo eitrnoriUiiMj 
'h a|>j»i?9ir *nit of ma imldre of inswi ; h; a, woptl, t« pt-ffufin }»riHlEjji^'^ tn ufdur to |ircicijjrci arhiilrci-l 
tmd fi>lbwcF» in faturo Agcii: thiii la trhut J ^huulj n'>t v;\fh to dct," 

ACtltin^, wlilch !i\tpvnT <i 

ALONG time ago, more than five hun« 
dred years before the birth of 
Christ, and some seventy before So- 
crates, in the years when the Jcwg 
were returning from the captivity in 
Babylon, and the Greeks wer*? reju^lling 
the armies of Xerxes^ a young man ap- 
peared among tlie little feudal kingdoms 
of Eastern ChinzL Uis emptuyment was 
the teaching of Truth to men* He hod no 
distinction of glation, or wealth to uid 
hinL He lived among petty rival states,* 
thiit Ibr the Jno^t part tlis^wned hh ni- 
structionf^, and followed him with persecu- 
tions during his lifo. He jipjokc of his mi^ 
Eioii at the la^t as a failure^ aud died dis-' 

The records of him arc scanty and 
pLTVLTted by the su per Kti lions of early 
titui'H ; but tht:y (ihow almost ondc'iign- 
edly, out from tlio mists of antiquity, 

a simple and majestic lifei such a life 
and auch words — the fit expression of 
it — as have naturnlly stampiMi them- 
selves U|ion his country and his |x>opl€i, 
more than all the conquests »nd ejc^iloita 
of soldiers or emperors Bine(,% 8o that 
the simple preacher and noblo Miu of 
past times Ims become identdlcd almost 
with the porionnlity of virtue, and is wor 
shipped as a god. Even nuirej^--**© im- 
pressive ftud ovtrflowinj^ hn^ \hivu the tu- 
ilncnoe of hh character, that a notion of 
three huudred millions ijf men, after 
twenty-thrtie c*?uturtt'!!3, Ptill in Ihe pct^ 
tie.*^t detaiU of jH>li ileal jseiencc ;iiul privato 
manners, roTcre his word??? as the author* 
ity which, they 5cek in t^m to follow. 
Not Moses, Mtdioujet^ or Calviti, have so 
imprinted Ihem^clves on tin ^u 

and religion and formtii of : , J«\ 

as this Chinese scholar lixn, dunc^ lij 




, mho9it ilftcrt he fieftrc«»}y lived to 

It hfctmipit depplj intcrestint: to know 
whmi m pr^i m*n, * truthful niau* so far 

'im Ui' ' " " '' idiout 

^lat pETabtcfiut of hymmn Uti\ How tht^ 
I ^ *wf»jJ qncjfttiQns, Why are wt? 
>T ftxidr Whithpt uri! we gojiig? were 
iho ttiNitcil si-?uiily Mil, in the 

I tBfik > 

b more ' .' a-^i the word 

Ut Tin cat'h tiny from His coun- 

tliai the oorruplioufs whwh hove 

WPt-mnil hia sjfttcm, &rc lieing 

Awny liy a new tifle of hutniiTi 

bt; mnd that hi* truths,- — ii resnJt 

*o e1i%4ly wlVIhiuiM — urc htHnj: 

' ' ' iiLorccompreheii- 

' rapiti that tht» 

f »«*rtij uj ti;iiirr I'H.'fii tat" UMturil |irt*|»l^ 

I for tlie other. 
E0rii«3'T»SK. Of CoNFtTir*, m h th© 
•^ wm* tjom 551 »* e„ in 
ifdom of t^tt, in Shautuni;, tiii 
pivriiia» of t'htfin. 11 tN Hiuitly 
i tietii clblmsrt*Uhe<l in former ttme^?, 
I rtckonin^ prinro* in tltc line of dv- 
■null nt htn hirtK it wikR Tit>t m any 
rnk The i*!<iial |)ro«iiKie,H, which 
fcnc^ f*f folio WITS thrown alN^ut 
I of tb« founder of n ^t^iigjon, 
liim> A vtnguUr animal (the 
Sfn,) tppttftrntly the unicwrn, was tmmi\ 
ibm htiwtin with a atone in his 
It! ' h W1J4 an inscription, pur- 

.'1 bib« Bocm to be lionn 
i> .ii|i^. but vrithotil a khig^loiri." 
i-irrv itt!«i] in tti<:< air ; au^t f^TO 
from a din tan co came to the 
Odciitial tntufie tfK> wan h<-»ard in 
BH In tfi-' oTii Chmi.^N' lii>itorici^ 
litrifir> 1 liaitiliif C'htiicj«ian^ 

J i. with ■^piritnil fftrt*s 

I national inKtniuR<rit^, ! 

to hif© prf^wn ufi a Bcrbu:^^ itnd ;-l^ 

I Koy^ t3**in|rhtfti1 i5fTeo then of the i*>l- 

I tha^of h' mfi oun^plcuayM 

' to iwvcTBf)^ the rit<*«; At 

J Itic i^'Ei-i "I ■ ^ ■'■■ ■ '"'"^ 

ttdllOL'U i 

iNieiirM to t iv^ii- 

mpQB? t^K^fl 1)>^ :^t III ] (if 

But inirli I 

ii uiT'L^r to i^tl the 
,1 tiiotiop*li»t*i. At 
, h£ n4» ittarric<l j a-nd in conso- 

qnciice of tiifl nnefuwdng »dtmty in tho 
petty offloc, he was appomted inspe^'top 
General of Mds ritid herds. Every thm^ 
Lcr*** Wits immapi?<l hy him aa tliorouKhly 
an it hail l»een in the siihordinatfi place* 
He neglected nothm^, ITr radt' over the 
CO I in try ; tftikinif ^vilh ttie fanners, in- 
fftnifiinj: ihotTi, ^ttin(^ inJv»rmati<in a Wine 
the peculiar defvetx of tho m\l aiid work- 
ing canefully at all the dctaiJiU Ai^icul* 
ture sprung up apitn under \m ear© 
throiigrh the ktti^am ; tuid large dintricts 
of unnsed, desolate lands were rcfltoro<h 
His name was becoming known, and he 
was fast adt^ncin^ in the politiral (*otrrse, 
when an event ncciirn*fl which changed 
the direction of hJs whole lif^?. 

His mother died. He linriwl her in 
the Slime tomb with his father, with 
e<|nal marks of re.'ipi'ct, think]n«i:. contrary 
to the Chinese riiRtom, that '' thf»s«* whom 
we have ulike loved in life, should not Fio 
separated in our respeei in denth ; " an 
innovntifm in tlieir rites, since adoptetl hj 
his conn try men* He waf? only twenty- 
four^ and with a distinfruisbed career 
opening' ; l^nt he it oiwse abandonwt all 
public employment, and gave himself up 
to his jrritT and to ijuiet menkorie<t of her 
dnrin^ three years. It was the first ont> 
look to the thouj^htful man into the ^at 
Unseen, and the first sharp blow on his 
heart lie never lost the ellects of iti 
Every fieriou^ and vijroroiw hfe, which 
has taken holrl of Romethin^^ deeyier th»a 
the surface of thinps, fiecms to be nalural- 
1)" preot'de<l by f^nrh years of nilenoit 
Mosefi wa.* %inon*z the slavey j ^ti^^ralii 
worked out ^ont thoughts in qm*rt com'- 
pany with the bnrksterK ; Luther biid hi«i 
N^ltlary years of strupj^hv and t>omwell 
spent his early and mature life on the 
country farm* 

We may well iup{io«i tliat the yoiiii| 
iofaolar tn tbv«a y«ar§ of kmelineaa and 
RorroflTf quofitloiied often of that fiomfire, 
unknown Void^ whither his tioloved one 
harlp>ne. Was she ^till with him ? Could 
Kha know of hia love? Are the pcnii 
whie.h the f people worahip lier com pan* 
ions ? Wlmt is this mysterious " Prind* 
pte of Life** which the pbiloBOpherA 
adore,, and what i^ Ik^lh 7 

The uTiMWCTs whirh h« mado to thefio 
queatifjnin^. m ^^bownsntwi^iiently in hia 
philoiicipl I y M rii 1 J i 1 ^ I Kirt |i««n m wh con - 
aemtiod by ' oomliitii i yet they 

Swni to uv r; natural concluaioni 

-ophy iiaK iittaiii*»d ta Ijl- 
r t h t" \ tgf i i of Christ lani ty , w% 
o&ii uii 1^ other. 

IliK : hta in this thna of bit 

mfmw\ Wiiru la ah&w mpeei to Iwr who 




wa? ^OTie. IT(J Mi the ^agueniBS over her 
whi>Ie destiny, and jet tb^ tio which binds 
our huAft to the dead, pceiiis almost the 
only dcTfttmg and dtgnifying bomi in bfe, 
if suprstition be caf?t anide. He studied 
the old moralists of the nniion. land 
foimd that tbi» respect for the dead pre- 
vailed in the purer times. He di*tenniiied 
to revive it. *^ He constatitlr urpt*d,'* says 
one or hi*5 biographers, *'to tho^ with 
whoui he had occasion to qwak, that ma% 
being: that which m most prceious under 
the hciivcn. all which composes him is 
worthy of the greatest respect ; that, bein^ 
by his nature the king of tlic earth, alt 
which exists upon the earth la submitted 
to hi^ taws and owe,4 him homap; and that 
it is in some sort to degrade him from his 
dif^nity, and to put him to iIip level of the 
brntcR, to have only indifterence for that 
which remains of himj when the breath 
of lif*» no more animates bini." This re- 
pa rfi for those who were gojie, fseemed to 
him to connect the man with his family 
and his race, and was a pledge that he 
himself should not be forgotten. It 
cberished affection ; and^ in the daily 
round of low cares, it elevated bis nature 
to stop a few momenta before the imago 
or memonal of the friend deceased, and 
think of hi? noble qualities, or call up 
a^in the tender love whkh the mould 
and worm of the grave eould not eat 
awaj» lie would have the images of the 
lost, in the tnost familiar and pleasant 
placeSj in the garden^ the doorway or the 
inner home ; so that a.^ men walked 
arotmd. they might be prompted to emu- 
late the virtues of their fathers, and to 
desirOf like them, to be remembered with 
neverencej by those who should come 
after. And to him, this love and affec- 
tionate wloration to ancestors, i^^med the 
most fitting expression of gratitude or 
worship to the mysterious **ParNcti*Lt: 
of Life»" which he vaguely felt to exi^t, 

*' God}" said be in a conversation later 
in life, with one of the princes of the 
country, to whom he was explaining the 
nature of sacrifices, ^^Chano-tv (God) is 
the universal Principle of Life ; it is the 
iruitful souixje from which all tbinjjs have 
flown. To give to heaven testimonies of 
gratitude, is the first of the duties of amn; 
to fsbow one*s fself gratobd towariis ances- 
tors, tht* §econd, , , • Afler having satis- 
fied in m\n^ s^ort, their obiigaiion?! towanis 
Ciu^o-TV, to whom, as to ihe umverml 
pri nei pie of all which cstistw, they {man- 
kiudj wore indebted for thdr own ojsis^t* 
encc, , * . . their hearts turneti to thoso 
who had tranfimitted life to them. They 

fljfed fn their honor respectfnl ceremonieSj 
to lie a^ the. complement of th^ ^rwrijice 
offered ml em n!y to C ^i a n a-x v*" ( p 2(14 . } * 
And again, "'In all w^hicb I havi.* ju^t re* 
called to yoilr majesty, you will com pre- 
bend witliont doubt^ that under whatev- 
er title one renders the worship ; whoi'ver 
mmy be the apparent object of it, and of 
whatever nature be the external ceremo- 
nies, it is always to Chan*;-tv that one 
renders it, and jt is Chang-ty who is the 
object direct and principal, of the venera- 

Whatever may have been the errors of 
his followers, it rs very apparent that I his 
first prncttcal direction of the Philosophy 
of Confucius, wiis based on a rational 
reverence* His worship of ancestors w 
no idolatry. Though this one dcve]t*pi*i 
ment of his piety Ims affected his nation 
now for two thousand years, more than 
any thing which he taught it was in re- 
ality, but a single superficial exprcis-^ioni 
of his system. This, durini? these yearg 
of .solitary thought and ftudy, he was 
gradually developing. Its features we 
shall see more clearly as we progress with 
his life. 

The three years of mourning were over, 
lie was at once urgefl by the king to re- 
turn to bis public office. lie dechned, 
and continued to devote himself to bis 
jitndy of the ancient records of the king- 
dom'j the annals of the ^ golden ago " of 
the monarch v, who^e simple manners »nd 
humane spinthe perhaps already thontdit 
to revive agum. His pursuits weren^^w 
evidently pointing to the future busini 
of his life ; yet he continued to practise' 
himself in all the accomptishments of 
man of the world. In music, for which 
he had an enthusiastic lovej in the sci- 
ence of etiquette ; in the use of arms % in 
arithmetical practice and nicety of wnt- 
ten composition — all essentials eren then 
of a gen Oilman's cflu cation in China — he 
became sufficiently versed. During this 
period he visited, for a short lime, u 
neighboring court at the urgent reqiicst 
of the prince, to assi.^t in some neefled n>- 
fornis ; but returned soon to liie kingdom 
of Lou, to decide on bifi future couri 
Hi* withdrew himself from all associate%, 
and wcif^hed the stibject ciirefuny. They 
were the old qucKtions with tlie young 
man, '' The world is o[ien — what am [ 
fitted for? What is my plnce? Shall 
I livf for time or the long future T for 
the common weal of p:oui!, or my owit 
narrow good ? '* It was dj^cided^ as somo 
few in all agesi decide it To bis iriends 
earnestly remonstratiog againsit \it% thuA 





* Coufliditt^ M«ixL<»tr6& iJa CblnoU— ^oL 11, 




if opporl*!- 

: " Put an 

ta jt>ur fnuoUj?.irftiit'*.^s. Tbry will 

Bt is int*ii 

(Alur lAiji]iv,iii \uiKh I mil rfiftrg]tHl 

Tbe j<Miiig •cholar I1114 ehoiicn th«?ii the 
U|^Me»llliif I btb to be th^ FjTL^nclii^r 

Mtt aprtied ad a Ijisetani. All i^crt^ M^ct- 
-joutir^ ntul olil, rich and jjoor, 
»* «i WUh th«K' III! kc- 

aivl _ ii">n mom Is, hiatory, 
lifiocmiiy tlve prjuotirci utukr thvir 
^ _ Ictnf^s of <jM, Yaq mid Ctivn, 
HTbrtlirr llie fibilaisopber IrariKft^rtfU hm 
$n \t*zh \f\«^h t« thfttm (Urn elmr*cti*r*t of 
Ikt |r^ it, under ihe prott«- 

Hoft * t riith^ which belong 

Id &I1 truly found in 

IkoB* ; i^J» not ck'urly 

^mtmtiu J ru' Ml. kUL l*tjctriiw** benoo- 
■rtt bc«9£iii? hijj text } und then, twenty- 
Ant cefiluri«tt ft^o. even tis now. the 
|im^ IMortiitr r< midO the Pr(?svtvl corru pt- 
•i ittd licigoiiisr^tcci, und klKih.nt to r^yse 
wn to tbt ideal^ wbii'h ftlwjiyg hovers 
in tll« iB«UfH3». dtli<^ of the future or Uio 
PM^i to Lhis kaRun eouL Thc^ fumu M»oa 
lltrniiKli Uw neigb boring (jcoples 
^rvtl letdier mnioog tbirn. Tho 
occupied by the Empire of 
i si that tiTne held by a tmnv* 
r of petty kinj^fioms, some appurctitly 
at mnd iKnnt« Iribut^ry to the 
C\iurc. From one of ihvse 
amri^ ' f the Prince of Tsf, entoe 

I m- iliJiJ new philoMjjjhcr^ to 

OfVtMnti oflbo govern men t an^l ;3ii>|>k- 

Uafodiaii ;,---■».? ■ 

f »■'-'' hia objiKit 


f^lef to the 

Mma of 

, . , ^s wit|1 is 


Un the jour* 

My IIk^ i^' 

. nly on nn un- 

fyrtc: iiUiut 

to comniit fiuicide. 

tlir\ '.Tti, nrvl ri^k hii* rettS4»n» 


' liCKHi 01 n? 

h jigenient ; 

1:^ U-k^ h& ui 

jL thu», Con- 

Ibaafv ki & dj' 

' criMtic Rpiivtu 

^iMmiai btm i ny-^u- 

hid he bml 

■iHilfiiifl liji > 

■; lh«t he 

riSllft Iram to I19 > coiujiMm uian licforo 

k OMld be A MtfC,'' 

arid that '* no one 

* bid ttfa, klioiiid «T<i?r despair. ^^ 
Wfti r«o»ivvd al iiuA muri in a 

vOy niftiin-i «.ilJ ^f..'Tjt ft y^-sir in 
nlB fcir I ' and rvrtving 

I "Anri'. i rcople, how- 

those in the sifniospln^re of the oourl, and 
At the clow?, the reformer pre("!ire<l lo le- 
tum to bis own country. Ttic rrincc 
oHereil him* as a reward for bis kbf*rs. 
tbij pift of a ^* town of the third ordtT/ 
whirh bo dedinedj unleiss his proj' i-ijii of 
rcjforni were adopted* At thi«« pcritxl, iind 
on two otlier opcaiiiona only of his lifc^ 
are miraculous powers related of him, all 
fiimilar in revualing a ppecies of iiiHpired 
judgtnent or wm clairvoyiihce. A ni- 
mor was {spread through the rourt^ that 
onij of the old imi>en(d fjalaces w^as 
burnt. Confucius at once di^sii^iated a 
particular one. On bein|^ askefl why he 
formed this opinion, he an s vie red llmt it 
was the palace of an Emperor^ once noto- 
rjon.^ for his crimes — and he supposed this 
the ju<i^nent of Heaven. 

A c«jurier who arrived soon, condrmed 
preci^-ely the opinion of the sage. 

What be himself thought of i^nperna- 
tural (lowers, and miracuJoua signs, can bo 
B&*eu in the fulluwing. as well m in the 
word^ alreaily quoled at the he^d uf this 


" All these prognostics wilh which one 
amuses men ; all these arguments, good 
or bud, wliich one draw«i from eirtain 
events, are prfsag«s which it only holds to 
man to torn to his pro fit* 

'' Yes, these pretended nipis of diiiiistcrj 
of calamity and mis fortune^ can becom<3 
fruitful source* of happtnes^s, proNfmrity 
and glory j tbeae pret^^nded au|;ui ics of 
goods to desire, c^m L>e followed by evils 
the most to fear* U is iji tfie power of 
man to oonduct himsdf well or \ll and it 
18 on his conduct* good or bad, that will 
result his prosperities or di^rAoe& h(.sba|v 
piness or unbappmeKH, intle}H«ii(/aitly of 
i]l prognostics and all auguries, 

*^ Do not doubt, bire^ the good aud bad 
gOYemment of sovereigns are omens more 
«urv of happiness or unlmpptne,s& thao 
the moiit extraordinary events in the order 
of nature." 

The preacbers, the wise men of those 
time* seem to have been allowed a certain 
f feedo tn at t be co ur t«. A ;? e x jie r ie need in 
human imture, tbt^y were frequenily in- 
vited to take (>art temporarily iu' the 
government ; and so^ accepting none of 
th« proliia^ they could sometimes rvdrea& 
i\m abuiMM of public ofHoi.^^ 

Confucius iNJil Tiiaied itje ImfiermI 
CourC^ mott) iSpedlJIjf with the view of 
studying the b^ oti^monia] and of seeing 
bow the highest of the rriuces atimini»- 
tcrvd the nU.'tt, The truthful courtesy 
Aad humi4uty of hiia UtAhtig won hJin 




Fripnds from ettry party. He n^cpjvctJ 
the tuvnors itiodcslly, and to a spluiidtd 
etrlopum on him^'lfj repeated to htm, he 
repljeii, *' It is extravagAnt. I do not, in 
any wfiy, deserve it. One eon Id content 
hiin^df with Siiytng, thftt I make a i title 
nnisie. lind strive to fail in none of the 

In the midst of the Bplendor, he £poke 
ertTV where of the j^implc manner^ of the 
early kingr^ aud uttered the words upon 
gOvt*nimerit and the idejils of man's char- 
aett?i\ vrhkh bis people e^ea yet repeat 
with admiration. 


** tt is onh' in all the universe, the man 
soverei^ly holy, who by his feeulty of 
knou'ing at bottom and of comprehending 
perfectly the pritnitite laws of living 
beiiigr^. is worthy of jxJsseKsing sOTcrci[ni 
ftulhcirity and of commanding men j who. 
by his faculty of possesstDg: a soul great, 
mai^immiuouk^ anable and sweet, is capa- 
ble of possessing the power of spreading 
abroad benefaction with profusion; who 
by his fiLculty of having a skjuI^ devatcd^ 
flrm.iTnpertuVbable and constant^ is capabia 
of making justice and equity rule ; who, 
by his faculty of being always honest, 
simple, ?rt**ve and just, is capablu of draw- 
ing to himself respect and veneration. 

*' Let this man, sovereignly holy, once 
appear with his virtues, his powerful 
fttcnlties, uml the pcoploH will not fnil to 
testify to him their veneration ; let him 
Bpt.*ak. and the peoples will not fail to have 
faith in his words j let him act and thts 
peoples will not fail to be in joy, * * * 
Every where, where vessels and vehicles 
can rCBich, where Ihe forces of hnman in- 
tluftry can j>cnetrate. in all places, which 
heaven covers with \tk immense roof^ upon 
oil pointii which the eaith inctoscSj which 
the sun and tnoon enlighten with their 
ray«, which the dews and mints of morn- 
ing fertilize: all human beings who live 
nnd who l»reathe cannot fail to love him 
and revere him*'^ 1*JG. 


** A prince who wishes to imitate the 
good adiuiiiiistjation of the ancient kiiig'^ 
ought to choose minist*.*rs after his own 
B*!ntiments. always inspirotl by tue pub- 
lic good. For his sentiments to have al- 
ways the publk? jrood for motivt, heou|:ht 
lo conform himself to the great law of du- 
ty ; nnd that great law of duty ought to l*e 
lookinl for in kummiily^ that bL<aatiful 
Tti'tue of the htiiirt. which in the principle 
of love for all men ''— 8T, 

P/vrmuiilv Uf this time^ the most popu- 

lar philosophy in China, had l>een that of 
the Ha tiona lists under Laoe-tse (or 
Laltts/.), Their system was an abstract j 
quietistie system; reoonmaending solitude ^ 
and roflection as the best means cf eleva*- 
ting the human spirit; and teaching an 
astx^do life m the sure mode of erentnally 
uniting the soul with the snpreme inef- 
fable Reaison, In the pure form the phi* 
losophy never gained a hold over the peo* 
plL' ; in later times, it became the grOB^e^ 
and wildest of Chinese fiupcrstitioti^P 
While at tlie court. Confucius took &n 
opportunity to visit Luut-^K. The old phi- 
losc>ptjer was living in a retired place, and 
hardly deigned to rccogiiize liU visitor* 
He at length, however, o}K?ned the con- 
Torsation with a severe rebuke to the 
young reformer for his ambition and jxib- 
licity. Uf the scholar he said, '' if the 
times and circumstances are fa^orablen he 
must profit by them, if not, he must re- 
iirv and keep himself tranquil, without 
em bamu^aing himself with what others 

'"He w*ho possesses a treasure, conceals 
it with care, lest it ho taken from him. 
The truly virtuous mnn makes no parade 
of his virtue, * * * * This is all I have to « 
say — make as much of it a« y*yvt please.'' 

Confucius l>cing asked what he thought 
of Lauti45«. *<aid, "l have seen a dnt^on,** 
The systems of the two were essinitiAlly 
op]^>a$ite3$ } for, more and more the younger 
was showing liimseif especially the prac- 
tical philosopher of his da)-. With the 
jpr&^i of a strong mind ami with a seajcli- 
mg skuplicism and honesty, he threw ^'iide 
all the ui^ua! superstitions of the best 
minds. He would not even palm off hm 
secret dreams and aspirations as a reli- 
gious creed. Whatever vague ideas of a 
'' Principle of Nature '* or '* Supreme 
Ileason ^* he may have had, he never 
thought it worth his while to utter. Of 
a GotJ, or a future, he never spoke* They 
may have been in his inner souk blissful 
hopea to him ; but he did not find ori> 
deuee enough of either* to dartj to teach* 
He only sludied the present; the relations 
of men to one another, and the jiecuhar 
nature of I fie bouI; and hia conclusion, 
urged through a long life, is, that the 
health and life of the soul, its object and 
itH happiuesSj is principally and csjiedally 
m its huuumity — in Lovk. 

Being sick on a certain cccaeion. Tscc- 
LOL\ a disciple, begged him to permit his 
disciples to address their pniyerH in hia 
behalf to Ihe spirits and the genii, ** I4 
that suitable?" said the Philosopher, 
Tseu* loo answered with respect, '^ That 1 
iujtable. It is »aid, in tlie book, entitll 


hmi, ^rtif l ii TOUT ^rmm to th? spir- 
its mi jMtB on iiifli iiii4^ b«]aw.^ ** 

! mrit 

■!, "Thepratf* 
-?«,« p. 150, 

:,. ;, -that 1 

>w iH»»tli ?" p. ITi 
^n« in fiAtiirPv which Ig 
t^iKib. cftlj tip soiuff longitigs or 
L* of ihw own futtiri** in bim only 
•d r«fiectk)ns on the truths ho 
B« stood ono day, mimmgly 
ml ft rtiuning ft roam, tmtil hk 
\ wHh him ftuknl him why he did 
D9 «ATirc«*ed it] ftmwtr, that mti- 
irlticii the mrmjikg wtler ftcems in 
tM aipei 10 niak^ od tht* inind^-4he scn^ 
•f €to^/«itfou:rr(^^, " S<i.*'' R^iid he. '' has 
Ife '^AlseifDt (lortriiic* Howf^l from one 
M to •oother, ftud wrilj tbw for ercr^ 
/mp but Mp it oo, L«t us not he wise 
ir 4iqfwh< ! i ftJone i btit R>r others.^^ 

iftrptbrr tmvH, he *|-nin m- 
llo bcitL ' Trt dreaded th© 

iOt lo c fagr. ati' : < etery way to 

hre» \ll^ to d(*p«j-L Tbi:y Tit tetV^h mc- 
1 ill indiy^^riif ih* prince to nppoitit 
V' hf Vm'Iow his 

mi TL'nd him. He 

pi' 1 it faith- 

1 di?*i*iples 
ip. fi.i lii. insiiHtiMij^y 
MhI ft OMm: I him. to re f I] no an 

«flc» whcie ;Jd bi5 n*!iUy tiscful, 

manif bxmfiMi it. was lien«aih hhn in 
wtJk, While at the roiirt, a courtier of 
IDcbinirbT M^ in pfncc^ wished 

I091IB bisn i''ro»t£i ftud sml him 

urn pro«iii ^jI ric«, thrn ftlmoii the 
mmmf mmSmm of iht^ roifntry- It won Id 
l» m mmuA oflenoe r> ' - us«gi? to 

■Mi il fcadi, ftod H'^ r^onfuduB 

ffatT^wtlm it amont: tlv; mforminj; 
lis p«»t nin pj|it«ly of the hrt Thi^ 
*na th«j i;:f!ninno courtesy of 
in ono *if thy ino<t r«nark'abl« 
aoi t^jc ittory trf hi« life. Beyond 
Oonfudni is i\ve gimt^ 

Xki ikljokry and pnbtencxji of hi a ooiin* 
, 14 ihofm oootinnally In itj<a ind- 
I ocnirt^net^ of hi^ Vxtt^ it mo<st ex~ 
in an ftpT when the Jvw* 
lly bait and when the 

k» wMchane- 
li ri wi l by nflmx • > n u4 !j I f >• »< t s bed . Thetv 
li ft tPtfvliar nmt^ of h^hitj^^ a car^- 

miv \mlu 

and a di^h'cacy of injtmn^llle wnsiitivi^nwii 
of men even in extcrunls, whieU v^a IiAto 
always supposed the prodnet of an old 

Conftidus has eren more- Tht?re i"? an 
innate respect in htm for man, as mnn ^ a 
complete self-control over potty sclfifth- 
nesjaof? until the offices of a generou^i cour* 
te^y l>f<>om© habits which esij)ecially con- 
stlttite hiip tbe "gentlemnn." 

It is retated in the Philosophical Con- 
versations^ that ^' wh<?n be saw any one m 
gmniients, or wearing the cap and rok? of 
a niagiBtmte. or hltnd. ercn if he were 
young«?r than himself, he ro«© at hia 
approach* Or if lie passed bt?fofv him 
sitting, the philosopjhcr accelerated bis 
steps* When he met a person wearing 
garment*? of mourning, he sn luted him by 
descend injcj from his chariot."' * 

He pre^crreii bis indcpimdence in hit 
associntions witii the CHiurts ; and i^eldom 
[^nve tlirect offence, from the skilfnl use 
which he made of this Khiwid of etiquette* 
II iR instructions on manners and piints of 
potite custom are the most minute possi- 
ble ; and form, in our view, the most Uti- 
worthy feature in h%% writiuf^. 

The most trivial instance is the fallow- 
ing description by bis biographer : 


*'Wheii Confnetns mounted upon his 
chariot he held himself j^tan^hng. holdini^ 
the reins in bis bands, When he held 
himself in the middle^ he did not look bc- 
himli nor spteak without a grave molive \ 
he pointed itt nothing with the end of his 

^' When he entered under the f^ateof th^ 
palace ho l.K.<nt the borly^ as if th^ pilii 
had not been hifth enough to lei him pass. 
He did not stop in passtng under the gate, 
an<) in bis walk he did not sully the 
threiihold with his feet. In pasang be- 
fom the throne, his countenanco changed 
suddenly ; bts walk was grave «nd niea- 
sared, li if he bad ^Iter*. His wonis 
ftpMftr«d ift fBlbftnwtad mi his feet 
Takmir his rohc with hts two haitdi, bo 
mounl«<l thujc into the ball of the palaoft, 
hiat body mdined, ftnd h« hdd \t\^ breath 
ii If M bftd aol di^ k» bn utbt*. In 
(^ain^oQlr aflerhavfaf made a ftU'^i be rd- 
tmxed little by little his y^rave and r^pect* 
fal countenance, and tcx^k a smiltni^ air; 
atidf whea be foacbc<l tho foot of tbi 
stan-f letting bis robe Cill again, \m 
stretched out an#w bis arms bke ibe 
wing« of a bird ^ and ia rtpaimiir agaia 
before tbn throne, bisootttitenanceehanged 
again,^ kc* 4e. 

Hit dtaoiplcs Tcmcm&trftiti^ ^Cb. \i^asi 




for m much attention to etiquette. Jle 
replied tlmt he had an o>iject ; he dt'sirprl 
to cImrjKe the pal act* of thiR crovTd of do- 
notliinj"! and Ikzicb \s\\o disgrace it. They 
W&t<^h Gi*ory tnovpincnt and ho did not 
wish to give them evfn the ilighteit 
means of tr?[ipm|!^ Ijub. Besides, he arged, 
** princes are fniliers. and subjects should 
be like respect Tnl sona." 

Ho employed thesia rulos of mannora 
sometimes for his ovrn purpose of giving 
a IeJ^<(ou« 

At a pTuid dinner in tlie palace* he tras 
seen en tins' thi? grains of the table before 
the fruit, an oflcnec probably like Unking 
soup last in our day. Of course a uni- 
Tursal j^mtie |>assed among; the ctiurt^ers 
at Ibis blutjder. The king suspected that 
there was sonie purpose in it, and tin ally, 
in a Tery polite manner, called bis atten- 
tion to it. He replit-H], by a ford bio dis- 
eour^ which no one could help regard- 
inj^. on the defective political economy of 
the kingdom which had neglected the 
great supjwrt of man^tbu ^ainis for the 
m6re delicacies* the fruits — and that he 
thus wished to show his preference. 

On nuother oocasioDT a prinoo of disso- 
lute chara<^ter sought to gain the ogun- 
tenance of the severe moral ij^t to an 
nnwur in which he was involved, think- 
ing thu!^ tr> escape the censure of the peo- 
ple. Accordingly, by an act of unusual 
courtesy, the philosopher was invited to 
the private apartments of the palace^ to 
converse with the courtesan, a woman of 
conspicuous bcautr. Be could not refuse 
and ri.^tam any inlluence over the court, 
but he came J and according to the strict- 
est Oriental rule, dirl not raise his eyes 
or utter a word in her present* 5 so that 
she at length retired abashed from before 
tbo grave mnn. 

There is something— -one cannot avofd 
the reflection even with &U allowance for 
Oriental usage— of pettiness in this skill 
iu the courtiei- etiquette. Dnt it must bo 
remembered, with this nicety of bree<Jing 
Confucius united the boldness of the cen* 
sor, and the most conipletc mdependence 
of life. 

In an age of concubinage and to a dis* 
solute prince, hear this ad rice : ^' Clothe 
yourself in your garments of ceremony y" 
gaid the phito^pher; '^go before your 
future spouse to conduct her in aH the 
apparel of your grandeur to your palace I '* 

" You make much of it^- ^ said the kjng^ 

''It is not too much,'* reptied Oonfuciu% 
**for tlse action most important in life. 
The alliance that two persons of dilfcrcnt 
names contract rvcalls them to their 

primitive origin ; it givefi them the same 
ancoi^try ; it places them untler tlso imme- 
diate tutelage of tiie spirit?4 of ihe earth 
who watch over f^ene rations ; it is th« 
Bymb(}l of heaven smd eaitb. whom.' union 
produces at! ihin;:s ; it brings them hcht 
to the Divine Spirit," 

"What is the secret of povemTng?*' 
inquired the prince* ^^ Rectitude.'*^ said 
the philosopher ; «nd on being a.^ked to do- 
tine it. he answeied, '*I tmilersijind by 
rectitude, that quality of mind and heart, 
which puts him who posscisses it. into the 
happy disposition not only of imtigining 
not h i n g. dcsl ring nothing, f do i 1 1 <; nothiuf , 
which is contrary to the light of Tt^ason, and 
to the general and particular good of sod- 
ety J but of thinkings willing and acting in 
any circunitstanceS) conformably to thoise 
lights ; proposing the real advantage of 
the common interest over his own in- 
terests, without wishing to make an illu- 
sion with one^s self, or seeking to impose 
on othene," 

He was at this time made Primu Minis- 
ter of Jugtioe. The first act of bis ad- 
mintstration was U^ cut ofl' the head of one 
of the most distinguished oonrtier^j a 
man of notoriously bad influence. An 
envious plotter at court tried to break 
his hold over the mind of the prin*^, by 
sending some actors to represent the moat 
alluring and obscene plays t>eft7re him. 
The minister at once ordered tbt*m to be 
imprisoned and executed, as brenkuig tlie 
great moral law of the empire. Uf the af- 
hce of judges he satd^ *' It is their duly to 
punish the guilty, but in pimishing them. 
they ought to make them understand ihat 
they love them, and tliat they would be 
glail from the bottom of their hearts, if it 
was in their power to dispense with pun- 
ishing them without invading justice/' 

His administration throughout waa 
stern and prompt, and be was enabled iu 
the counse of it to put a stop to an impor- 
tant rebellion. 

Many rastances of bis skili and justieo 
are related. Some, in their ingenuity, not 
unlike Solomon's judgment with the two 
mothers. The kingdom flouriijhed under 
him J and the name of the phjlost>pher Iks- 
gan to lna reverenced tliruugh all the 
neighboring courts* The resignation of 
this ministry, waa effected by n mther re*' 
markable device, A in ' .- rival 
prince, wishing to upset :. ^o fa- 

vorable to the prosper jry ni i,.iL , tried 
every parhamentujy or courlier*hke meanar 
but in vain; until he hit on t^ ' ' -^ ^t 
sending a deputation of the mi il 

danciDg girlis in the empire. ..^ 



I ^^' 

or cftn^'TTiiti'M^ t^mild with- 

tlwcn. Pialiiica, c*?onotnyj new 

of reetliude tnd p:»>v<fnnng were 

to tlwr wijid, •! m\ihi of the 

GifttSf tn«1 ttio minister of ju&- 

rrUffvl in di$4guj<i la his ptam 

dfmwn hy bullorkK luvl witli htH 

now aoitftt^it di»ci|ileis he cr^msbd 

lo t^ kui^orn c»f OpcL The king 

fafm witli gmat honors i m^% 

Ipadaooie |it«^ntJi jiqiI ]e»ve htm » 

) iMt ii«f«r hifftkv of ipfminiing him 

The old difficulty being in Ihe 

tbe courts The king could m*t 
fifc n|» hia anlAwful aTttount^ Some of 
tit wiivr men twsoug^U ihe prince lliit 
Otafttmif fbould be pbeed at the hi^S of 
iMfiL Mid th* reforaiM b«gin. The &&me 
M nfi/t iriiJch eimjjenrmiism m«kos m 
itt ^ttt Thm la quka now ; roforms 

oqI^ dUiurb^ *^l do not lova 

.Jk0U» thfi fsfonner md prcuher 


•miMlg Ihe 

Lt]c« tli« p^t teAiiheri of all 

, Im w%* mo^h with tintun?, baming 

aad HMtmetin^ as lie vratkott over the 

eMSitiT. la hwjiiiniey to ih*? kingdom 

«f Eijij bU pari J were atUnked bj^ the 

pttm^B «f Romg, who myitook tlicm for 

kimt tMK-^lhffvrK ^ Tliey w«!ro 

ck lit lenRth 

Mnr forward, 

jii liui f[]»n|i«'^ " iicaren han raiaed 

«^ to ivoitl to tl» iMmof7 of mm th« 
4 — *_.-.- ^f II. ^.^. ..f^j^iug,^ Do you 

<if the men of 
.. ^.^.^.^, ^ ..^4^ fulfilling our 

oQoe, ** Tbcrr ftre MfciT" and 
I tli^ai bmMyy on th«Jr way, 

TW fi Rt#fa of Confttdiift befu naw 

T>g* g *ig ^* 'hv •* aivrient wntinj^, " the 
riai»i rviM*d aiirl pfvhaHIy in Ihe 

nato ^>f him, hi' ^iit^ c^xpt^KM^l 

kmmt *. tiv ^ru ||i« nbilo'iopher c^pDeinl- 
W «f db0 »p|wrtit anil tba Ungihte. lie 
dHll tn iSrar coi^|Qct«it!». lie na% no ef* 
ift te 6mnM toq the inRtincts and qui-^sr- 
Umim^ of tlw aod, atul the vigiifj an- 
i«i«» In Millie m i^ttan of nllgious 
prfablHtif wbioi lui loiafbatioti ajone 
0Hld fcmJarraaL 

ib ipmH mit make mt^ rreri for the 
IMmI ■Wfmi fnda, of th^ KUfMTHtitktnt 
wSk f«l%90ii» ftan of oomDnoo men* llo 
#1 M «c«>fr il UmiBj or alDmi Iht itn- 
Uf of Uialr Mug mUii4 He 
luai»tf wish mykkg. thtl tor 

him t?je evidence was bo slight, that his 
fir^t duty swmed with the world which 
he could see. Tboijgb ha does not dis- 
tinctly any where usseri a nersonal Cre- 
ator, he docs assert and folbw eontinu- 
^ly a recojfniaed pliin of the uairerse. 
To him. it is evident that the human s^ul 
is intended to find its true action and 
happiness in bv«j and that tho only 
healthful relation between indiridualt 
and statesL. is that which resta on the 
basi^ of uniTersal brotlierbood. 

'' hove for humanity,^' he coniSdered 
the *^ root of alt other virtnea, to whwh 
tlte trunk was filial piety-" His Idids of 
the elevation to which the human char- 
acter oould re^ich. are transcendent — so 
high, that with his practical scope, Im 
only ocscasionally alkdcsd to his vain pur- 
fiiiit of them. 

He avotded in general every thing of the 
vague, or mysterious, or supcThuman, in 
hii^ teach ingi* He stood on the realities 
which he felt; and from Uiem taught. 
Unlike almost every great teacher of 
tnith in the past, he had hut one doctrtnft 
for the crowd and for his dit^iples. 

^' You, my disciples, all of you I Do 
yon believe that 1 have for you concealed 
doctriDes ? I have no concealed doctrincfi, 
I have done nothing which I have not 
communicated to yon, oh my disci* 
pies 1 It is the manner of acting of Con- 

Of his great doctrine he says : 
'^To have enough empire over one*s 
self, in order to judge of others by com- 
pansou with oursiilvea. and to act towards 
them «^ we would wi^i that oiM abould 
act towards as— that is what we can call 
the doctritie of humanity* There is no- 
thmg beyoinl it" PouthieVj p. 144. 

A disrSple said: "That which I do 
not de^tru that men should do to me. [ 
difsire equnlly not to do it to other men,^' 
The phiioiMipher answered — '^Sai! you 
have not yet readied tliia point of per* 

'^ Fau*tchi aaked — *W>»at was the vir- 
tue of Humanity?' Tho Philosopher 
eaid : ' To love men.' " 

He a!»ked what was Science. The Phi- 
lo!ujplK^ an "^ were*] ; '* To know men.'* 

Fau^tchi did not penetrate the sense of 
th««i aaawtera. 

RVLnro PBtNcrPLC* 

" If the 7%mighi is sincerely directed 
towards the virtues of humatyty, one wiU 
not ooinniit vicioua acliona/* 





*^The ^hokrs ought not to ba without 
ft flotil firtQ and elevated, for their burdeo 
U hearj an*! their road long, 

*^HvMjiKiTy is the burden which tbej 
baTo to tmny: k it not in truth very 
heavy and Tery important 1 It ia tt 
death only that one ceases to ciny it: 
the roid — ii it not very long ?^ 


*' If i think of a man who should re- 
unite holiness to the virtue of humanity, 
bow should t dare compam myself to 
bim 1 All that I know is, that I force 
mjrwlf to practice these yirtoes without 
hmig Cfcst down, and that I teach them 
to others, without discourigiiig myself or 
letting myself be dt^jected. That' is aU I 
can say of myselt^* 

*f To possess capiicity and talents, and 
to take advice from those whoaredeprirwd 
of them ; to have much and to take ad- 
vice from tbose who have nothing ; to be 
rich aud to comport one's self as if one 
were poor ; to be full and to appear empty 
or stripped of all ; to let one'^s self Ije of- 
fended without testifying reaetitm<*nt — 
once I had a friend who conducted hunself 
thus in life," 

*^ The most ignoraut can attain to this 
simple science of conducting ihemselTes 
well ; but it is granted to no one, not even 
to tbosa who have attained to the highest 
degree of bolinesi*, to reach the perfection 
of tbid moral science ; there always ixj- 
[ something unknown. '' 

*^ He wbo is in this high condition of 
peHect virtue does not show himself and 
yet, like the earth, he reveals himself by 
hia benefactions; he docs not displace 
himselfj and yetj like the heavens, be is 
undergoing numerous transformations^ he 
does not hasten, and yet like Space and 
Timoj be arrives at the perfectioning of 
bia works.'^ 

" To occupy supretne rank, and not ex- 
erci^ bene^tions towardi: those whom 
on€ govern?; to practi^ rites and usages 
prescribed without any sort of respect, 
ftud funeral ceremonies without trut grief; 
that ia what I cannot resign loys^lT to 

* It is onl j the man full of hoitianity 
wbo can love tn^n truly, and bate ib«iii 

** To be put aside or nilsimdeiistood b^ 

men, and not to be indignant at it^ h it 
not the trait of the inan etninently vir* 
tuons ? 

'^ It is not neoessarv to afilict onrselvea 

that men do not know us. but. on the oour 
traryj that we do not know oarsdves.'* 

" Sffi-MA-niEir. affected with sadnesa^ 
said — 'All men have brotbers; I alone 
hare none,' 

Confucius answered — **Let the superior 
man watch with a serious attention over 
himself, and not «ease so to m^L Let bicn 
carry in hvi commerce with men a defer* 
cnce always dignified, regarding all uieti 
wtthin the four seas (In the universe) as 
bis brothers* In thus acting, wby idioul«l 
the superior tnan afflict himselj' ai bftviug 
no brothers 1" 

*' Some one asked, ^ What ought one to 
think of him wbo returns beueiits for m- 
juries 1 ^ 

""The pbilosophcf answered ^Tn that 
case bow would one return the benefits'? 
We must pay hatred and hijurtf h^ju9^ 
tke. and baitfits by bevpfits, 

liow gladly would he Imve learned 
that Uter aird more sublime truth, ** Love 
them that hute you J ** 


" The philosopher said. ^ T do not desire 
to pass my time in speaking.^ Tsew- 
Koung answered^ * If our master does not 
stieukt then bow will his disciples trans- 
mit bis words lo posterity ? ' 

♦* Heaven — ^how does it speak ? ' he r&- 
plbd, *The four seasons fallow their 
courses* All the beings of nature receive 
turn by turn, tbeir eidsteDoe. How does 
Heaven sp^l" 

From this time he spent the yejirs J 
laborious journeys to tne different kii 
doms of China, teaching these truths of i" 
higher bumanitjr? attempting to reform 
abuses^ anil befriending the people and tbo 
Bubfect& He was '' in cold arnl bungej-. 
ana listings oft^*' bis life was hunted 
after by the envious courtiei's, and on 
several ootasions be hardly esc!tt|i>ed mur- 
der or asiAf^nation. His leciura w«rs 
frequently broken up by the soldiery and 
his disciples dispersed ; still m cvi^ry new 
place they collected ait^und him and bis 
ikithfnl twelve, excopt when duties to 
tjieir families calW tbein *wav^ woio with 
Mm atwaya* He visited ibc^ kingdoms of 


Owi SouiHt T«ftt, T^. Motion. Mi*l r&f ious 
Pikn% dortng this tiuw, but ncTcr &p- 
fnn to bftYC pMiod the limits of ChiD&. 
JUloifib, »t tW HLTt of ^ixty^ighuhe re* 
Inrwl to bi II. The i^ople 

htri ui sihort Ume, 

I h*ii Mi^fi.'jLM.Hl U) the number 
«f llbrntilnNtiixid ; but the i tovemment — 
tiw Coort^-whidi be wiKtit^il e^^pecmnj to 
iniwMCW, m^% htn plans of reft>na coldly, 
waihb wm ^ppomw^ U) ik» offic-e. He 
mm ^tfOlMi bimfielf to hm GiTorit^ pur- 
" t lad ittwij ; the litter being 
" ' I in the Aiicicut Books 
I Oootiiiiei which he hud been tc^h- 

wmlaniii^ bomde^ii life b^d been 
^mm p^iihl io hlTn* On one ooca- 
^M. Mir • stjvigo ckj, BeptitAied from 
\mwmi\fim^ he waa i>c«cn bj m peks&nt, 
«^ fff^orted to hk rnonda, seftrcbin^j 
iImI m gtmigir of noble ««poct waa walk- 
^ thmi DMr tho fitc^ -' like m dog 

* lie b nditf'' ttid Conlbdus on he«i^ 
' 1 mwe the fidelity of a dog, and 
i like one But it mutt^fn not ; 
manner men otmduct In my 
fif^iL I shall not depart trom the afTeo- 
tins wtlkli I bear to t}icfn, tn4 T will his- 
te alwmjra to do tbcTii all the good which 
b mj pidir«r. If I do not ]t!Ceire ^om 
mf laboTi tli« IhiiLi which I would do 
1^^ tfi #i{i«cL, I H'ill at leftst bftvc the 
^tmnku3em of harming fulfilled my duty/^ 
Is liin walkB throiigU the coitntry. 
ncaUcd hb a^piralions and 
I of hk efforts to el eva te 
ft late autnmn grain fkOd^ a 
, aliaoat the last of his kind, ti 
[ Ui» ftrw ki'meii* Itl^ Confu- 
and to ittc attcctionate 
i wlijr ? — ^ repIieH, '^ b«aiuso it 
i fli ioHM of my holy dodriiie, and its 
Mfllo ^»Mr« Tm ffiwii bird i^pre^cntii 
i^Mlf* fit ttSTmod i Vmttle mound, 
wHIi tho lufig erajui vrhicb had 
WW the gnirc^ of the dt?a*l *vNar 
I," Mid ^ b ft IttUe (Ktout, gtill ftiri4> 
tdr ifPOKTTrd, *' always rcncwi* her* 
rto fprin^f. thr ftiittimtj, th« waters^ 
vl^ i\»? ^\mvra\, the 
i-rid^T hi*n— icA<?re 

made Tatn efTortu,*' iftid he 
a^OL, " Vi I ^ bo wijih to walk in 

fl» 0« th# ^ l«tdA to wiaiiom } 

Oit mettiodttt^ i u^vc no ftflouree but 

▲ Ml dOifafi The pmt rntn^ diimp- 
hbM 4kl noewlty in the hep:>ic work of 
Ifc, foiftf o<ii bto the gnsat DftrkneiL 

Sometiraes he seems to have had it half 
hope or faith in a relation to an unseen 

'* r am known of no one," said he, *' I 
do not v^mh It of Heaven^ I accuse not 
men for it Ilumble and simple nchoiar, 
1 have lu-rived by myself to penetrate 
the^e things. If any one knows me, it 
h HeaTtin. '' 

He still had thoughts, howeyerj for the 
present To bis king ftskinK adtice about 
gOTeniing the people, he saia, ^' Give them 
enough and they will be happy." ^'That 
is not easy, "saidhiB highness. ^^Very 
easjn," he replied. '^Hear bow — Be very 
careful about asking the people to labor 
on works which are only for yon and 
yours. Working far tbt*mselves, they 
wilj work with spirit^ in hope of enjoy iag 
tho fruit of their labor — ^thea will the 
fields be eulti rated, Ac" 

To Yen-hoei, his favorite disciple, hesftidj 
" My dear Yen-hoei. f advance with rapja 
siepii tpwards the end of my careor, and 
the time of my dissolution is not far away* 
Y'ou have been witness of all, wbich I 
have done to inspire men witli the love of 
virtue, and you are not ignorant of the 
little sncceas which I bare had. It Is, 
perhspftj my fault that 1 have not succeed- 
ed ; in that case, you will repair it, and you 
will come to tho end of what I bft?e lise^ 
le&^ly attempted.^* 

There is ^omethliig tnexpuBSsibly sad in 
th^e closing pi&sKagoa of i life, generous^ 
heroic, and tilled with friendship to man, 
&s few human lives have been, tn our 
narrow view of compensation, one would 
have asked fiir a more triumphant ending* 
And then thi«t a soulf so breathing with 
love^ so simply devoted to goodnaaa, so 
urged on by the endless ispirationi tiWr 
an ideal pc^rfection. should never have 
grtuiped the conception of an Imperson* 
ation of all these qualities I Never to 
know for an ins^nt^ or expect in the fii- 
ture^ th« sating of this infinite hunger of 
the iioul 1 To be thrown out by men^ to 
have lovtj r*- turned by coldness or hate — 
and jet not even to coiyecture of the I^ive 
in ttiora hercftfler^ to which all other love 
is only the type and pynibol ! To steer 
HO truly thr<Mi|^h thi^ darkness and gftles 
of i: , , but to hare no hop© of 

Lhi , ond ! 

T 1 ) 1 1 i A he n near the close of 

bi^ tife^ K- ' F:in emitting bis works 

jitolmmiy lm Lfiuiifure; 

*^ U IS ft long time, my disdples. tliai 
you have been attached to me and have 
rPvogniECf] mo for your master* 1 liav« 
made every eJfort to icquit mjself in 
my best minnerj of the obligfttioos which 





1 htTe coutrict«d with vou. fn accepting 
you for disciples. You haro followed me ; 
j^ou b&vc partaken my works and mj 
p&ins; jou bare beeo taught what it be> 
hooves mao to know, when be wishes to 
fuifll exactly the duty miposiid on him, 
daring his sojourn upon the earth. In 
the deplorable sUtej in which things aro 
to-dftj, and in view of the aversion niea 
show every where to the reform of man- 
ners and the renewing of the Ancient 
Doctrine, you onght not to flatter your- 
geh es with being able to recall the mass of 
men to the practice of their duties ; you 
are witness of the httle snccef?* which I 
have bad in the enterprise which I hare 
undertaken and in which I liave not ceased 
to work during the whole of a long life. 
What you can do with some hope of suc- 
cess, is to contribute to preserTe the pre- 
cious deposit, ol which I was only the 
depositor^ and which I have« in trusted to 

To his little son, he said, as he felt the 
weakness of death draw near: *^OhI 
tny d«ar Tseu Koung ! The mountain of 
Tay*chan withdraws itself — I can no 
more raise my head to contemplate it* 
The piers of the building arc more than 
half eaten away, I have no placoj to 
which to withdraw myself* The graas 
without juice is dry; I have no more 
where I can sit down to reposo myself. 
The Holy Doctrine had disappeared; it 
was entirely forgotten, 1 iiare hastened 
to recall it and re-eslablish its empire, I 
have not been able to succeed in it.'' 

Ilis last public act was a journey with 
a few intimate disciples to a neighboring 
mountain, on whose top he had erected 
an altar* Upon this, his books — the 
work of his life — were solemnly plac5i?d, 
and with devout ceremony, consecrated 
to Heaven. 

IJe then kneeled serionsly to each qnar-' 
ter of the compass^ and thanked Ileafen 
for its care of him, and of the books of 
*^ Ancient DoctrinCj" and solemnly ra)m- 
mitted them to the care of the unseen 
*^ Principle of Life " 

The favorite Chinese pictures of the 
philosopher represent him in ihis act; 
kneeling by the altar^ with a bow of light 
deseending from the stars upon his head. 

A characteristic trait is related of him 
in these his last days. An annual satm^ 
nalia was going on among the peasants — 
some festival to the genii of the Iruits. 
The old man qould not willingly die with- 

out looking on the e^ial face of human 
happiness again^ lie was helped upon a 
hill to aL'e the merriment 

" I avow," said he, ''I have a true plea- 
sure in seeing these good people forget 
their misery and beueving thcmselvea 
happy a moment.'' 

A devout disciple objected^' that the 
people ought to thank Heaven for their 
fruits by prayers, ^' Ah wi^lU " said the 
old warm heart. '''' It is in doing this, in 
™oicingy that they fierform their actions 
of grace and their prayers,'* 

He still had strength once more to re- 
view his works — but after this gradually 
failed ; and, as his biographers inform u% 
on the appearance of the same sign 
which had preceded his birth — the pre- 
8en<^ of a wonderful animal^ the Ki tin 
^ — be died. His age was 73^ in the year 
47 & before Christ, and 9 before Socrates, 

The works of Confucius* which form 
the claSsSics of China, and which especially 
transmit lus philosophyi are fire in num- 
ber. 1. The Great ^cience^--^ treatise on 
the relations of politics and morals. 2. 
The Tnm Medium^ or inrariahleTie^ in 
the middk "way, a diJicusfion of th€ great 

frinciple of K/e-^'' Right Iltti^on" 
, Phdo§ophic C<ynversiiUuns^ or Book 
of 8cnimc€M, 4. The I'Wal Pktjf^ being 
conversations on that subject. 5. The 
School for hiJaniSi or a discourse on edu- 

How much of thcie books is original 
with him^ and how much he has gathered 
from the " Ancient i^Titings,'* is uncertain. 
It is supposed generally, tnat he made the 
old Treatises the basis and medium of Lis 
own sentiments and thoughts. 

These and a few other writings form 
the code, moral, legal and social of the 
Chinese people. No one can hold an oi- 
fiofij or claim a high social position, or be 
considered an educated gentleman, without 
familiarity with them. 

The System of Confucius may be de* 
scribed as a system of practical hu- 
manity. He stood on a basis of known 
fact^ and taught human duties. 

No philosopher, out of the influence of the 
Christian manifestation, has ever seized 
with Guch a grasp, on the great idea of 
Love as the renovator of the heart and the 
practical life. Except from Christ, no 
words of purer benevolence have ever 
fallen from human Iips« Nobly oonflrm- 
ing the theory, was a life which even the 

• Tbfl \mi Ifudlitlcini ue^ dtt L$vrft CiMM^vm ^ ia UMtUi, par FL I^od (?Ark), aa4 dm Uwm m* 


of a ehI1di8li i^ tad tb? 
of twmtf-thrae oimliirks emnot 
oamt, M iiiiefi| iJbe mo^t Beir^deTodiig 
md TOMilHy wfaJdi tl^ world had witDess- 
«i II liM lift f ti n&iuTftl iiii|in«iL D ui^ 
mg tliflK loiip i^ ftll ttuU has b«4?ii 
«C«ika»ini beroinn U)4 love and flHtl 

pte, has M iti^elf from this one 
Eb Lightest instmetions 
pari of ih© ciTil law; his 
F ara taa peoepts of religion; his 
tt Iha Dirnia Iiwat ta which Jl in the 
asifan vIm tipif^afbir Ihe true and good 
adfatiiioillj itrtiegle* The diseom^ged 
itaih, ^M Bad u3(9it a» it •@e»med thoa 
aod flBBms always to the ffufibrer for 
IHmIbh^ hu bemat a triumph in the 

Aod j«t to one ieafie^ the life of Oonfii- 
«na !«(■ biiii a lulum He dM aot ap 
t«at lo naii\ mflniti aaptratkms ; he did 
cat mMnm the »al, froiii its highest 
llt^urM i be taught DOttiitig of the un- 
«m^ Iha F.temal~ the Dmne. He could 
aot utefati htimin nature^ bj awakening 
Aa bope of a ruiaLbn to a limitlcas un- 
Fulura or to the ir^od Infinite 
Ha ipife it little to support it in 
«r to miothe iti nameiosi and 
DgaofTowB. Ue stiempted to 
hm OQQ another, bat without 
J the g%^tie aelfiidin^a of the hn^ 
nan ioat, mth these raouieiitous motivei^ 
m wiUwut seeking to transmale it by the 
Ifl^v a]l-^aiTadiii|; to the onl j Perfect One. 
fir parliaiM ooidd kre his Tagtie conJ^c- 
tsnr of a ditt^r ^ eren the abslraet Good* 
aaaai vllkll lo Ilim represented Godhood. 
TW naca «f nao cannot. The resnlta of 
^m ijalam weft n&tnral. The upjser and 
rtiiwithtlbl rTiiiaffl of China have in the 
warn aUttad mto an indifft^retit or aggres- 
of All which belongs to 
fa mtfier aaturei The people have 

sought for thdr T^ljgioiLi mstbcta, what 
Conrudaniitn never afiorded, and hare 
found it 10 the grossest superstitiona 
which corrupt the doctrines of Buddha or 
of LautiiiX, f n no countrj of even an im- 
perfect civilfEatJon^ has the dimity of hU' 
man hfe faUeu so k>w as in China. 

Not elerated bj any grand relij^ous 
ta^th fram Confnctu^ the people have 
0b>t0ned on the tetter of his gosjieL The 
detail, the triYiaiities of his teachings have 
taken the plai^ of his principlcj?. And 
jet in the broad estimate of humnn histjo 
ry, Confiicius baa done a noble and im- 
portant part The pirparatiuns for high 
de?e!opment in the moral world, may tie 
as slow as in the maUrrial wort J. Both the 
greatness and defects of the philijaophy 
of Confudus, thoroughly tested duiing 
these matiy ages, have perhaps b«?n slow- 
ly and rtnnly pnsparmg a foundation 
among his i>t<Jple» for the hjghe*it Mani- 
fe^tattoD, and thus ftir the most complete 
Embodiment of religion. The humanily 
as well as the siknt skepticism of the 
Cbinetie philosopher;^ may be equally in 
the plana of tbo unirers^ a preparation fbr 
the aU-emhmctng LoTe and the uowa- 
Teijpg Faith which have sjirung alone 
from the divine n^vealing in CinnsiuxiTr, 

ThU Movement, now so stead dy and 
mysteriously progressing in China — ^the 
most important event, doubtless, in many 
oeo tunes to the human race — may trace iti 
origin and its wondi^rfuJ success, to thesa 
very thoughts and aspirations which we 
have been following* And if this vast 
homogGoeous people — welded i£ no othtT 
nation by oommon law, usige and in^^titu- 
tions — ever be enlightenea by a purer 
laith, we may And the dawn far back is 
the humane words, the ^lf-de%'oting life, 
and tbo dt^our^iged death of the simple 
Chinese scholar 




hug^ binwFon tli« e¥p^ rity. • * ■ (KfUfr^in^} Kiio^ knock: Who't Ui«t* f (h4 

^Umt d^vU's nunef FaIUi, : iVNCntitr, tbit c.iulil ^weu- In Imtb acqJoa oeiiliiflt eltliT **iV: vho 

(/TAorJNn^.) Knock* knock, kpnirj^ : Wbo'e tht5r« f FoJtb, h6t^*t u ED|^lsb tklkr come bii ^ 

»t quiet r W b*t »rt fm f—MacbatA, Aisi 11. Stitn* &. 

THERE is tt mysterioua knocking wbieb 
began to be he&rd m Rochester, a hvr 
jrears a^o,&nd irbich muced lotider and mul- 
tiplied its reTerberationa, unlii the sound 
of it h now achoing through all the limits 
of Christendom ; and men at the antipodes 
mapj be aeeo gathering themselves together 
in scared ^' csrelcs" to investigate the start- 
ling phenomenon. They tell UB it is the 
Lerilding of measengcrs from the land of 
apirtts; and tilthongh. at one time, a 
certain toe exposure threatened an easier 
Bolution of the mystery, and in epite of 
fierce opposition and unbounded ridiculcij 
the advocates of the spiritual theory have 
ended by triumphaiitl v luniing the tables 
uiK>n all uribehevers ; aad they now rest 
their case, conftdently, upon this lastj 
more wonderful and, as yet, not invaJi- 
dated evidence. Grave Judges have slip- 
ped down from the bench into this arena 
of controversy^ and have tilted with 
sptritual we^ipous. Men of great reputa- 
tion have not hesitated to stake all their 
&tne In i^upporl of the strange faith. But 
the subject assumes a serious iinportanoo 
which almost plaaJS it without the pale of 
jesting J when we find it unseating reason 
and peopling our lunatic asyluma. There 
is certainly '^ something in it.^^ It de- 
serves candid and logical investigation ; 
and if the system is founded in truth and 
reason, by all means lot us cmbraoe iL 
For our own part, we should be very 
Borry to find ourselves forced to belie vi>. 
We are at a loss to discover the consola- 
tion and happiness of this faith. To be 
sure, there are those who pretend to listen 
with complacency to these signals from 
the land of shadows, and wbo avow that 
they take great comfort in the thought 
that ghosts and goblins are dancing 
about their pillows, and disturbing tlxeir 
dream!4:, and r^ady^ at the least sign of in- 
Bubordination, to rap them sharply across 
til© knuckles, or play the dickens with their 
crockery. For ourselvos, we plead guilty^ 
to a certain share of the frailty of hu^mao 
nature ; And this bringing together of the 
two worlds, which have no congeniality of 
composition, and which have been merci- 
fully kept asunder for so many ages| thid 
di^tgging down of th<s supernatural to & 

familiar contact and communion with the 
natural ; this opening of gravesj and con- 
juring up of the spirits of our forgot i en 
ancestors with all their annor on, and the 
same sledge-hammer fists as of old, to 
grapple with us, and trip up our heelSj and 
play all fantii?>tical tricks with our rose- 
wood furniture ; we protest, it is beyond 
patience, fearful and unendurable* 

And we will not endure it. We denr^ 
that the knockings and tippings and such 
like physical phenomena, are 9piriiuja( 
manifestations. We challenjge these un- 
stable and meddlesome spirits to mortal 
combat, and enter the lists to prorQ them a 
lie^ and to whip them back yelping to 
their Stygian groves. But lest any mau 
should accuse us of sacrilege or blas^ 
phemy, in any words or weapons we tnajr 
resort to in our process of e:£orcisiii; lei 
us forestall this objection of a tender eon- 
science, by on extract from Judge £d« 
munds^ book, which may place all parties 
upon a Mt footing. 

The ghost of Swedenborg has l>een sum- 
moned (Judge Edmondis' principal wit- 
ness), and is giving his testimony as to 
the validity and authority of spiritual 
communications in general. His words 
art) thus rejxjrted : — '■^ What the nature of 
all the concurrent causes was, which 
inUuenoed this mauifestation of spirit 
commuaion with material or^nizatian, 
I cannot pretend to say^ but that 
they were by no special directions of the 
Creator, I am satisfied.^* And again* 
** Take no statemeuts^ thereforOj tliat are 
not based on laws satisfactory to your 
judgment, and depend upon it^ that whcTj 
any revelation is made, having the garment 
of marveUousneea wmppcd about it. tlut 
dther it m a compound of the cnedium's 
imagination, or it emanates from some 
spirit whose veracity is to bodoubtesd." 

Hero we have not only an adoitssion 
that this aiimi^et and this work are not of 
Ood ; but an admission of liability to 
inondsM.^ity in the very revelations tliem- 
selves (to say nothing of the mcHJin) | and 
aliso a franii appeal to the su|ireiuacv of 
human reason, as the tribunal by wfuch 
the whole doctrine sliauld t>c judg^, 

We hesitate not, therefbrCj to grasp 


Spifituai M^Urtalhm. 


^ nor iooiifftt of logic, nvi ulrmee 
iMmm to the fight. 
oar pOiilloii be cle&rly understood, 
tavd W lirove, if wc can, firs^ that 
» InfMWiibW that A §pmi i$hould mani- 
ilatlf jjkynkmXij i wnmdly, ttiat the 
fmrm whieb. it ifl preleailerl, does rereal 
«vUiii mrn^^riiA or ui unknowD lif^ bf 
asiiA n^tliM* vtttwftrd ikmcm&trmtioat 
nl IfTittg ma^m^ li, by itJi ^^n confe^^iionf 
_ " *l pewvr, tnil yrt, that it is 
\ Uii Vtm ihf ilt own ^havinnj^ nfiim)^ 
^ ' » of |Mi jri«sr«1 momf^^taumu ; &tid 
tliat tbiK fitappoted rfre«Iini^ 
whatever it may b«i is an cv^tl 
i liir tho sjstcin of religion act* 
1 t»7 ita agimts k oppo^ ta diviue 
inf^Hnfi, eootmlktoiyf irrational^ and 

Aait ^mt ae to th€ nature of a spirit. 
«kl iW (^•ww* why tb« *' rappings" and 


jAt)ot be spirittiat manif^ 

a ttpirit (i, e. a free, ua- 

(I'd, |mr« ipiritX ^y 

Uw Bdioai-tncn, by 

vtbologr, by all tJio 

L and fi^y tb*> very 

. . jm^^m^ is an immaterial 

1 btfiigf vsth totelll^enoe sna 

uf tiKx^tnotluQ. tint d«stitoto 

or *oj 
f , t& I matemt 

hu lb At d 111 tbo vaiiity of hid 
, a man sbouM think lo »hut up a 
i;liHt v-itbrii nivr r to fasten Li m 

h/ * c^tn^ or u [drn by a buL- 

lot, aucb 1 m«n .•iti-.Uid L^j proved a fooL 
kmX oa the utber bmad. should a mti' 
flonoiift affftit boast, Ibat by thtf winght 
of ln» ama ho Oiiieht feU an oji« or that \%j 
^\ of hk spino bo might lift a 
or by tbe haninc.'^ of \m 
! might Mplii a door^paniial, or 
feft ook IftliK or the hMdhoanlol a b«d- 
iftB4 ht tbotdd be iuad» to oat hll own 
Urn would lie in hiM irtilritiial 
If a »piFil fjndfl xm obstiolo in 
h|^ wftOa, tad doied ddoni and iti>pp«d 
««oha and koyholri hwrinetiically ftsaliid ; 
m loBf M ho rwlairtis His purely i^piritnal 
WMmh^ h* oyiuot dirocily odlr tuiy rosiist- 
aaoB la an/ such of^eetct. If a door eaiip 
am oior any Offiooitkiti to bis panaagWi, bo 
aywio* Hr if a inblft Rantiot 

h|f «it^ <ud in but way, he 

MHOMt tJA ftuv pif.ianiil.y jHjttotialij fiuah 

«^ or taoul It^ or uptiet it 

* Ihil,** ioyi ono^ ^' you muwt not dony 
to pHrvr of ainrit to alfect iMbrHal 
MfKX^ Ucfn un I, a brttij^ 1 1 bitt ration 
« dhol poww. By the iui*rv li-rT* ^if my 
wttt, I novit my timbA. i cjiu walk, or 
\mf^ m daao»t or nt itill^ aooptrdiG^ a« the 

spirit that b in me is dispooed. Why 
sliould not a free spirit, then, animate any 
material object^ bu that tables should hi- 
come Raltatoryt chairs (lerip&tetif , ^^c. 7 " 

Simply notkiUig tbc faPt that this ob- 
jection doea not approach tfii> rappingi nt 
all (for no amount of life in % dinir <x»uld 
produce rapa ujmn a door), we must not 
£»rget, that the apirit by which a man 
moTee his limbs ia not a separate i^jr- 
tatence, but absolutely a part of himself^ 
wboUy inseparable^ so long as be exists 
bodily, from his physical organiiatbn- 
A^ such it bears no analogy to a free 
spirit and an argument from one to the 
other will not hold. It is^ in roality, not 
the spirit in, a man which wills to 
walk, but it is JW who wilU to walk as 
truly as it is he who walks, This in- 
timate unbn of spirit and matter con- 
stitutes the bfe of the intelligent mao. 
llieae physical acts, are the acts of an 
embodied spirit; and these spintual 
volitions are Ibe Tohtbus of a physical 
man. The spiritual and immortal hsfi 
become for the time, a fart of the mortal 
and physical, in an iaentity which onlj 
death can de^itroy. 

This is a mystery of divine creatloTi. 
The spirit had no hand in producing this 
identity, and cannot withdraw from it by 
any simple act of will. 

It would be rather poor \€ipt*^ we think, 
to argue that becaiu^'^e a spirit forcibly and 
iuvotuntarily embodti^d mint act tbrouy^h 
a materia] organization, therefore a disem- 
bQiti«4i spirit may voluutarily possess and 
animat4j any inanimate material ol^'ect ;— 
not to 8{)i*&k of an astaumption of the di- 
vme pnirogative, which such au action 
would nr^olvc. But even admitting the 
thini; ^H^siiHibli^, and supposing that a 
spirit should " euttT into " a table, and 
Ondow it with \ih and Intelligence, — 
would It gof VVe think not Suppose 
a man^s arm should he dci^titute of joints 
and mtisclt^. but still itnglmg with sen- 
sation to the tinpjf tips ; of how much 
motkm would it bo capable^ tliink you t 
Th«) intlncnce of the maji*s will upon the 
movement of hi^ limb% depends u}j<^u tlie 
perfection of his au&iomy. and tlie fhw 
drculatioo of the vital llunin. In othar 
wordjB, to use a very imperfect slmite, tho 
machinery and the capcM^ity of motion 
tniiJit ejci^t, before the Npi ritual moti?e 
power oitn be applic^i with I'UbcL An 
engine would be tkt tdliciunt Tur loctjmutioUf 
without whoelH, or cranks, or ic^strin;:, as 
an auiruAU! anil intcUif^nt tabic fur walk- 
ings, without articulated bmbc mod i 
nervous sjHienu 

But if it ia eontiBiy to niton that 


Spiritual Jfaterinlitm. 


Slants ahatild directly ftlfect inanimite 
matter^ may they not act upon it by the 
uitervention of the natur&I foroos, &s 
MaK:netism, Electricity, or the Odk/orce? 

Unfortunately fi>r s»ich a position these 
forces are material^ and tbe same ^'oature 
of things " which would prerent a spirit 
from directly iuduencing a table or aa 
ottiiman, would bar H from directly ming^ 
any tnaterial force. How <smld *a spirit 
handle electricity ; coutino it ; brin|j it to 
bear upon any specified fx>int ? There k 
no such conceivable pogisil>ility. This 
fact hasi. it seems, occurred to the mind 9 
of tbe inveDtors of the new syf^tem ; and 
accordingly a canon of spiritualism re- 
quiresj that in oitler to the awakening of 
liie mysterious fumiturf-raoving influ- 
ence, there must be &s.seinbled n '* cirele " 
technJcaHy so called, of tanipWe human 
bodies.* This is It^'caL Spirits caunot 
upsvt the furniture them*^h*es; neither 
civn they make a mwlinm of Electricity 
or the Odic force ; but to atifect thege ma- 
terial objects thei^ must be an imtnodiato 
bodily presence. Now wo unhesitatingly 
assiert that the result» of this bodily pre- 
sence are not spiritual tnanife^tationa. 
For, either the active TJsible agents are 
sufficient of theraj*elTes to put the requi^ , 
site Operation, or they are not. If tht?y 
are suRicifnt, then there is no need of 
spiritual^ or other interposition. If Ibe^ 
art^ not suttident, then if the force ts 
brought into operation at alL it must t^e 
by other than spiritual aid, mce, as we 
bare seeo, the sni ritual M is impossible, 
as the direct action of spirit upon matter^ 
(j, e. upon a material force,) 

There remains, so far as wo CAn see^ 
but one way in which physical phenomena 
can be thts action of spirits. If the 
spirits can obtain the complete control of 
a human agent j if the pcrsonii in a ** cir- 
ele^" beneath whose fingers a table takea 
to its leg« and perambutates, are really 
and truly acting withoot any volitton of 
Uieir own^ under the immediate |XMffe#fion 
of spirits^ then, and not other wijie, may 
these manifostatlons be in a certam sense 
apiiitual. Let us gire this question fuU 
scope* A party of young people, we will 
suppose, are assembled, and as a sport of 
the evening it is truncated that they a^ 
tempt a table moving* The party may 
consist of two potions or half a dozen. 
They airange themseWess acocn^di^g to 
mJe^ and the table tips up In due oourse, 

performs satisfactory errolutions. and an- 
swers Cjutestions with docility, iflow IMb 
erident and remarkable effect has spnin^ 
a|^)arentlyf from the simpie laying on ot 
hands of these merry-makers. The ejE- 
perimMit wis made for amusement. Tbo 
plan was their own. They are unoon- 
scious of any sug^entions but those of 
curiosity, of any influence but their own 
love of fun. of any power but the touch 
of their own fingers. The fun, and th* 
tipping^ and the Angers, are all that am 
evident to their senses, or to any specter 
tor. But the phenomena are claimed as 
a manifestation of spiritual powen By 
what right or reason ? Some force bas 
nwved the table. It must have been ft 
material forc«-v f«>r no other could produce 
the etfect upon the material obicct, TBo 
foroe nmst have been called into opermtiOD 
by material action alomj for no other 
could aJlect a material force. The ma^ 
rial action ts evident in the af^semblit^ 
and arrangement of the " circle ; " without 
which it is not pretended that there would 
have been any tipping of the table. Evi^ 
dentlyj therefore, if there is any f pirilual 
manifestation here^ it must be identio&l 
with the material action^ i, e- the material 
act (that morry laying on of hands), 
which awakened the ibn»j which muvod 
tlie table, must be the spiritual nvanifest* 
ation. Now this oonld only be true, if 
the agents were completely under thv 
control of some foreign spiritual power. 
Their own free agency musjt have been 
destroyed* The volition by which they 
laid their hands upon tho table must hava 
been a foreign volition and not their own. 
It is only by this absolute annihilatJbn 
of the will of the agent that spirits can 
claim the acts of the agent, and, as wa 
ha^e seen, it is only the act of the a^nl 
wbich can be the sf)iritual manifestatidn. 
If at the mere requeM (hidden influence X 
of spirits^ the agents themselvejs can 
awaken a foroe which shall move a tabf&, 
there is no spiritua! aid / and the agents 
perform the act as well without the sag- 
gcfltion, as with it: so that said suggeiil- 
ive spirits could claim no credit whatevE? 
for the efiect, as having any^ the slightie|^ 
share in producing it 

Their only course is to get rid of the 
identity of the agent^ as an mtelligent ac- 
tive canse^ by the infusion into bis organ- 
ization of a new eJement^ which shall 
thrust aside and take possession \ of which 

• Wfl ire toM thftt tber« mrc ^x^^ption^ tu the unlvrr^ai apphtnfton rtt th1< •'i-anan; " tbisi •tmne* ptivsl- 

ttUthenUcaifilH But evon tT ww wer> 

ifuf, tbor Willy LtrvMHio^ i» JuaiiujUt^l li* ludl^itfUBAbltt ^^> kU j' oC tb«r ptvj Mr«1 iH''ifii)irtii.iiiQnh 

X"- H w^Vkk'tm,' ruiic, ItiMt* 

ImI hf frfaicil bii pbjriiail nun shill be 
mtmOmH tlmliil^jr, m if b^ hia own 
vfll ^emaontHf itxsr^kmd. Untkr Biicb 
—twit b* b not kg but tb« spmt is «bso^ 
kttel^ Ae/ bk $€^km «ns laot his, bat th« 
•ettoiM el 10 tufiiMtl, forngn, anihiUting 
Hm^ in tet of another heing^. Thu^ to 
Inns Ui« OM b<Mne td our illustrmtion^ 
(a wttr U)« members of tlie 
Dip mn diber pro tem.., the 
. (Ch« ^rita bAnng bveome 

r tn CAc Ofvn/^, Ihiu losiiif Uieir 

wmtmt !) or the ipiriti oiv n^ 
' in wbok^ or is p«rt tli« ofitnftor«> 
|«l ilMJ our littJe ''eird«*^ Kre m M\ 
md oanad oni pofsscssioTi of their r^cti]- 
«■«. Tb»j ar« oot^dotifs of the will thftt 
f«iiid Ch^ Ati|;ers Lh«l it wi.« thetr awn 
viH TW ftet wiA tl'ic^ir own ftct.'-th« 
pfbtMNWa* wvrc iif their own nwi^keiiki^. 
W« bftn floppo«ed • ^msn in which lh«^ 
WW piiiiiit no MlliOfised *^in«diuiit." 
SoA frtancM nrt not unoomition. But 
l»mifj> lh» ^ii«tfmti()fi Cy^er into the 
■■■Hid tiW>f ljM» of Spintdom, kt & 
vAklfMni ^vnadlinn*^ b« introdup^d. 
W« bftf«ao«r In tb* dfvl« m person whom 
^dkmMm mwmu orgtuixftiionj it ii ATerred^ 
s •Btn0itiiD«iiljr nmic^Diibl^ to otdotrie, 
■ * " **** or •*odflic*^ itjt!ij*?nc« ; imlj 

, to tb« actioti of tipinca An 
of tbo mii^ieljc Ibroti i« 
^w« UM lbs lingmge of the 

'*)— bjr B <.tini»«^cle»i group, of 
wiith Ikk 9Muo9pl\hh mlMduttl m on«. 
h willy tb« tfisi* re«alt» tsceuf w btlUn^ 


Hb ''cvfcU," tftier hsritif bteii aeited 
•tamt tb* iM* ^T 1 lime, iimy dow frith' 
4nMr tbcsr bindji^ perbspA. and the influ- 
•i«w^ «lill moiiill^ W« hiT« neyar 
tfii»M-^*c*iI th« fiy*t^ but wt irill iioi dftur 
iL t^bk now fully ^ pwumjiitl^ 

ftA it mtf riKxbk* imfmlM, eon- 

[ tim wnUiiiiom^ And fivv d eniot moro 
ipnre. How a ih not the 
of'tW ^nadittm** which has 
a# tlM ^liMioaiiiM. llw tAblo 
withfjiil h^m, aiiftwvt«i qnocimns 
MbMut hitn. (k« hju^ only, m£ lh« beii% 
bm^gjtit an ihcthuw of the power which 
•m pnrfloiiaty idim Tbi« power, we 
hmm tli^wtif WAN wholly phyAiaU An 
inBnM0 Iif »t tmrnt owoimHlj be plij^- 
mL tlw qucBUon only rvniatm — ^Did 
tilt **BMilliitii" briiif an > ocwri o «i of 
|ki«cml |awiT from a ii|>irttttal Mkureo t 

Yhe Jilitt liiai thi» 1tjaii\ riiAU-ri^il iia* 
tisiv W b^chly n*t1n^j nn^ -t^.^ i4ibli'^ is 
■i^ armncnt in fjufv nal trn- 

pfWHlliiUty. Af^iintiii f«oir«'r, 

m ktog M it raoiftKiiii a aj^uuci ^i:nUty, 

osn only directly affect the ^irituai no- 
IttJe part of iii*n, for w^hit-h alone it baa 
afHnity, and thus indifcctlif may tmih. 
his raatt'ml pftrt, through the manV own 
volitions. It ia in this way that divine 
inspirations are oonununic&tcd, or that the 
Spirit of God moven the mind of man, 
nvithout Tiolatinf^ hj6 tudividiiality. Kow 
the vma ni«y t^vc ytjfuarAtieted dalioic^ 
of nerrcit, and the most shrinking m^aii* 
tivcEwaHof conatituiion ; and aa hia nert^ 
and his con^^titution are not ih^ apiritud 
part of him, thoy cannot h&ve the ali^ht- 
oat neactioimry ^ik*ti upon any purely 
spiritnal impression^ L e., any iinpraaalon 
which docs not come through the senses* 
OLhc^rwira, we mnat my (which would ba 
moiL^trousi) that some mtm kp6 so oonstl* 
tilled physically^ — tliey posfleaa gucb Ob- 
tuseness of Ti^rref— -that it is a mattorof 
some difficult r for the Spirit of God to 
aif^ct them» We rtfpciit it. An o eternal 
spirit which has the povrer U> inlluenoe « 
nmn. does not and auinot influence him 
tbrouffh his nerves, but applies directly 
to hii^ spiritual part \ and no pecnlianty 
of a phyiiii^i) coiistitution can {.tosaJbJ^ 
either prevent or aceelenitc auch womm. 
But migbtj con Id J or should this samo 
foreign power drive out, or overrida, tho 
native spirit of a mtka^ uid, sabitituting & 
fbretgn will for hiii will^ rule his material 
psrL, by an identification with the physv 
ol org&niiation, the aufsociptibility of the 
man's nerves would not atren^^then this 
UKurped dominion ; for the control of bit 

eyaiod Ittculties is do greater in ona 
altbjr man than m anoLber-*»in tho 
**nervouj| inan<n " than b the *' man of 
nervt' ; " and the forei^ power on It 
pOfUH^iisea t£hfil (lie dij^jMHis&itt^d wili 
ruietl be/ort, Thua no pecutiadty of i 
tnan'^ conatittition would lay btm open to 
spirit ual intlucnee more than aootber 
man, nor wuuld any physical iensitiv*- 
nu*A aid thf* ^iioti of a foreign will oueh 
Irulling his org^ntHm. 

iiut it k irviiient from the oour^e of our 
argil rucnit. that any spiHtuul pon-L^r t^- 
in^ IKJsx'tiSituu nf itio aiipjKiisfd " nitMJiurot" 
ouuld only jjoascss whiit pkt/$iC(ii viriim 
alrt-ady tuciated in bini — could iMit infuiit 
a lorvlgii pli^iloil virtue, whacti. by iU 
luiturftf doii not belong to it. VVhatovtr 
the man eould do of hnnself, phyftioaliy, 
thai oould sny spiril do, [ic^^ssaig hii 
^ri^MilsiliQClj^aud no more. If. then, 
thti mttn Is absolutely a a'prusetitniivfl of 
m spintuid pn^Nenosii tt ean only t>e^ tliAt 
tbo ^pirLiuaJ pT^eooe ii mihig him as a 
eat'«! paw, and ilie pbvsioftl powx^r oxei t«MX 
is hi« own pbyiL»ciI powof^ vhick he 
might ha^ e.r^rctjntdf tua fpofilc, ^ 

spiritual Matmalkm. 

foi'e fiptriitial p^sesgi&n* And this is 
esfiecially evidunt frorn the fact that the 
external acti^^n of the medium, in hia 
connection with Ihe circJe^ is precisely the 
same as that of any other member of tho 
circle. The new intelligencje mires ting 
him (if wii admit Buch occupation), hji3 
not ^led him to any outward action, to* 
wari pttHludug the physical phenomena, 
differing from the action of any one of 
the group. He has simply laid bis hands 
mmn the tftblcj like the others | he has 
withdrawn from the table, like the others. 
But, sinc^ whatever of extraordinary 
Tirtue his preiience has brought in* being 
physical, belou|;s to bis physical organiza- 
tiuDj is his own, whether exercised by his 
own will or by a fonsign will, there iB 
nothing whatever in it of a spiritual qat 

And finallj, to the utter exclusion of a 
spiritual power, in producing the effects 
undtT discussion, even by the only sup- 
posable means, a direct oocupation of the 
agent, the ** medium," under all these 
circumitanecs of table- tijtping, bell-ring- 
ing, itsg-clasping, guitar-playing^ &c,, is in 
conscious p<>ssession of kiit own imiitiQns 
— is in his ri|:ht mind.* 

The matenal rirtue, then, which has 
^ne out from this man, is from no spir- 
itual source, and it must be sought in 
some material difference* Whether this 
may* be discovered in his coui^titutiODal 
sensibility to a certain magnetic^ or other 
influence, called into operation by" the as- 
sembleJ circle; whether it is a power 
inalogous to that of an expert mesmeri^r, 
or whaU;ver It may bc^ it is not in our 
provuice to investigate or determine. We 
have business only with the fact that it 
IS no spiritual power ; and we are driven 
ftt liLst to decide^ that the physical phe- 
nomena connijeteil with the new J^ystem 
of behe^ are not spiritual manifestations^ 
BJQoe, except by a subversion or suspen- 
iign of nature's laws, as by a miracle, a 
physical manifestation of a purely spir- 
itual pr essence is ratio nidly imptMi»ible, 

We come to the iecond point of dis- 
cussion. The adTOi^tes of the new doc- 
trine claim the title of SpiriiwitUifi for 
tbeir system. The pretended revelatora 
themselves assume the title of iSpirii^ ; 
and yet it is a notorious clmrticteriatic of 

their teachings, that existence in the 
" Spheres " is a material existence, and 
that the iiilmbitants of the Spheres poa- 
sesB a phyi^ical constitution. It is tm«^ 
that they declare thomselves to be tin 
departed shades of men and w*oineii, wha 
have *^ Bhnllled off this mortal coil j ^' but 
they have only slipped their heads into 
the noofie of another material hie. They 
have a]i.other body. They are still em- 
bodied spirits ; not freed from the tastes 
and neceisttie^ of our own more gro^ 
and earthy nature. A brief nff rence to 
the first volume of Judge Edmonds' 
*^ Spiritualism," before cited, wiU conDrm 
thi^ stiitement. Swedenfaorg spei^s 
again. ^Now spirits'' (he means here 
the p^plo of the sphei-es)^ ** possess % 
materia] nature, and this nature^ or form, 
in some is so gross^ that it is almost sub- 
ject to laws as Imperative as those on 
earth. I mean as material laws. Their 
material nature is under influences that 
require obedience, and though th^re is 
none of tlie physical suffering you have^ 
yet there is as much material necessity 
and absolute want in proportion to the 
grossness of their natures^ as there possi- 
bly can be in jour material world, *^ 

They eat, they drink, they enjoy the 
fruits of Borae more perfected eart^f md 
shelter themselves from pelting storms 
in material habitations.! They are not 
free aa air^ but are bound within certain 
limits, while in course of progression i 
their spheres of being only rather more 
enlarged than ours* It will be seen that 
they must possese our fiTe senses— ibi^ht^ 
hearing, smell, taste, touch; Ibr they 
have proBpectSf and odors, and muaic, 
and fruits, and houses. [{ Kow in what 
do they differ from us 1 Only, as they 
themselves declare, in degree of materi- 
ality* The things wluch are obstmctiona 
to us are to them no obstacles. They 
glide in to our firesides, the doors l>eing 
shut. They p&ss to and fro through the 
midst of us and make no noise. They 
are to ui invidble, and intangible — in t& 
far partaking of a spiritual naturej and 
by just so much bemg excludeil from thi^ 
power of impres&ing ns physically, or of 
mutilating our furniture. But whilis 
they are thus debarred from dirvCt 
physical action, no less truly than If 

* §0 truo it Uj^ iiiMi h«r n.|i[H'>tu« <iftiJ<nll[nM 14 vxerd^WAii aim- 
him, hif ki» mirit wiil biri^lt]^ tJi^ui fpoiji tholr plucei juiil direetliig c 

^ H. w ...... ...A 1. ..I- .e .1... rvd^rf Ui* oouttttlMi wb^r*'"- ■ ' 

i It nncitmntf Xo «h«lt«r It^ i 

«l«(lt L. 1* flu illffepcni*- ^" ►'■- '^ 

obltd, fttix, vU>,| 9\e. 

xmlrol of Ibtt Qt4}«et» befo«n 


Spiritual Matmaliim. 


Ibiir QilmrB hMd been whollj spiritual, 
|fC it bapoMMWL in tbe m^itcnal rkw^ 
mAm m comfmmtgd queetloD, whc^ther 
tl^ mMf ool wlopt tiw inediacj of elec- 
Hal, or fjthrr lofioei, to cotnmunicate 
vtUi OS moruLs. A dcspiicb has ctime 
iia lbtt& yoicvf «rorR ftunounciti^ the 
InwtiQQ, Djr the glH>£t ^f Benjajniii 
Ihakfai (how }mB tha gbry of & glio«t 
iifitflcd ) 1 of a madbiiM Ibr the ipptlk*- 
in of ib« Oijjc ftirve to quasi in«km* 

eUuil |Htqioftcii| uid one Ed^rarrt 
Iter hA« wrtiteti m m book, h^w thitl 
tit fimt Ftstiklin did, In bFo«4 day 
(ill* vhidow ulitititfc bdnf tight closed), 
aid with m trmirt of i&Mi^tanTJ, appar to 
bii BiorUil rji», utid illuKlratL^ hie Mud 
IttiailOtl, vi rl armiis tt e.rjMTifrtJttili« ; 
t» tin gTMt ctetHm^nt of hi«, Fowler^ja 

Imp liBTinir h^ hati^hn^^ upsia b^ 

9m oC cJtft <' 'ind a pEfi^-at quant »' 

l^<r Clw fi: !- Rut let m difl- 

«B(ifr if we rail t " of these ano- 


ittonif are not 

fB^ explicit u|KM» ,1,,- I Mi^t lint f^ive ua 
lli*fBMfml idc^ tliAt th«-)' |^>ast^j4Ei ^nme- 

Uw aubadance of t.4ectriciljr- 

mstftrtil objiJctK Iik«? d^o* 

V m itmf tmf.* But thrj do not 

~ to ihe tutum of t forctf, beyond 

itj lo penneatc i for they ac» 

thm ateMsity ck" reaortmg to 

«tm feroe^ to firoduce phyai- 

B«r« IP « mfiita] mnd patent inoODilfl- 
iney* If them pf^ti^ntiiitis animates hJiro 
A* povv io gni£ip aiid coi^iloc a tnateriiJ 
tmm^ tbtfj oiitit p'"'**"* ^'^ orgariiza- 
tiofi A littk laon d«Ra« than the force 


Kow, by tlwir otni confessloii^ tbeur 
*— '"- m not iitfBaent to prvocnt any 
J lo wbftt WW know &■ material 
The V tie rui t?a te thecn« but caanot 
L tb^nv tririty, or the odic 

iw^ gienii' objectft and &ffcets 

AiiB too, MOferiiiii^^ Ucnce these 
*iplrllo^ poaogaa hM deiiKity (ban a 
fliyiiey wm. ConsequeDtly^ they cwa 
BO noro «flfeet nich a for^ or rec^viire 
MprontaM 6tMn tu^ a foroo, than tiiey 
aft idgmiCLf tflbct or bo luftueoced by 
0f/mim TMblo Mid tAHgibLa to mortal 

Im mhm% 1 4«gf«o of IK^htfiil atteDtio- 
Hitt oro tfao ^fam ermuini r«diioedl 
tlbii^ ho^m t« floiiiovrhcf« bi d«t»ity, 
L llw fintt imriiible gta aod pur&i 

unalloyed sjjiriL And yet the^ thiM 
things snuff veuigoa and build castles* 
Tbtnk of their bill of fare ; with its rare 
beef; oh, how rare I and it* inconceivably 
eiher«d apples. And then tbeir bouses ! 
We have seen that the tntire compact and 
solid the maturi&it the less could it eon- 
tam and hem them ia Our JJood* cannot 
wet thetOjt r*oi" otir buildings protect 
tbem. But from the sliarper icmpc'sts of 
the " spheres" they fly every one to his 
dwelling, \V1iere are the boards, and the 
fth ingles, and tb© plastering, for tbeir 
•rtisanH to work withal 7 Where aball 
be found the slender tools they cnn 
handle 7 What m&oner of marbles and 
^ritual granites tnuat there be in what 
unzmagined i^uanies for these ahidea to 
chisel f 

And the wbda that blow in those 
latitudes \ Where shall we find a eoni- 
parigon for th^m ? that rustle the unseen 
leoTe* of ghostly forestj^ i that, whiAllin^ 
from within their MiAiaii caves, call tip 
spectral clouds, laden with showers whose 
tnisty dilution would startle the most 
triturated homceopathist^ to wet the 
jacket^ and chill the circulation, and 
stilTeu the joint&^ and cause the limbs 
to shiver, of these debcate fiantAstic 
fiubtielics \ 

But if, notwithstanding the material 
structure of the ** KpiHU/* they are atill 
shut out from physical demon !$lration.Sj 
how will this little peculiarity aflect their 
Commtmid^tioQ by a Hying mediun^ 7 We 
smile sardonically » W© cannot help it 
We ire almost teoipted to lauj^h outright. 
Why* only eeo the droll ilileinnja^ upon 
the honm of which the things afe this 
minute toascd! They liave^ by a most 
uiiforlunate ofersight, failerl 'to claun 
enough of the phy^irjue to more a huir ; 
but m the aame breath, tbi^y have coin- 
gnitted the unpardonable blunder of claim* 
in g just onougb of the pby bii|ue, ttideatroy 
their a^ogy with a nature purely sptritual, 
and thus to prevent, utterly, that substt- 
tution of thcmjtielveg for the spirit that is 
in mUf which, we have sc«». would be 
the last resource of a i^uritual fiower seek* 
in^ in oiitward expression. As oialomt 
beuip th«y take theb- bodies wiih them* 
Thev lUktiot oct without or out of their 
bodM JSmi their mental acts m so 
ftJt bodily that they are performed within 
the body. How it ia impossible for auch 
» oreature to obtaia the oontml of a mor* 
tal mediam. It4 mftteri&l part latiJiot 


I pM» ff^f UutMSh tti«U4 ; bill w« tf (ti, aiitl Ullt ■ euiToitl uf fllrcAiicLt^ * • 
' ' ^ ~^ ' I itaim or «ul4 wbao SffflMllilitit 1^^ mttXh-" 





S^ritual Maieriaiiim, 


tfi«:€t the material purt of the tDedlam^- 
berng^ vapory and intaagible ; nor a^n its 
spintual part afl0ct the fipbituml pmrt of 
the mttdium, being trunmelled with » 
bodily organization (how fine softTer), 
through which it must act, and which 
fihtJt^5 itoutj for evcr^ from direct spiritual 

There is rcallj no point of ooilision be- 
tween our nature and ancb a natnra 
Through the senses we cannot eommuni- 
Gate, — those are too delicate, these loo 
groaa- And since there is no access by 
analogous senses, through the thoughts 
we cnmiot communicate ; for there is be- 
tween tbem a material barrier, lighter 
than gossamer, but impetietruble ai the 
TeU of the future. 

And now, what if after all our precan- 
tionJi, we have hh a loophole somewhere^ 
and impertinent visitors from another 
world have really slipped in, and become 
hand and glo¥e with Judee Etlmondd, and 
Dn Dexter, and the Hon. N. P. Tall- 
madgc, and other odd fishes I What if 
they hare announced anotbor gospel, and 
arc found assaaling the first principles of 
the Christian's faith j ridiculing the time- 
honored institutes of the old religion ; 
nndennining eburcbea ; setting at naught 
and subverting the truth of divine revda- 
tion ; bringing in strange gods ? Where 
are the credentials of these heralds 7 and 
are they spirits of health or goblins 
damntid? Let their works and their 
teachings answer. Their works I The 
credulous may find tbem in tricks and 
grotesque antica, worthy of narlefidn — 
pocket* handkerehiefg tied into knots ; fan- 
ciful performances with a fiddlestick; 
stout men driven to the wall, and held 
fast by inmible hands : scraps of paper 
torn up and thrown into people's faces — - 
and a tbougand such fooleries and mon- 
strosities^ to frighten babies and driv^ 
hysterical women luto fits. Their teach- 
ings I — but we must be sober. This is 
a matter that touches us nearer than our 
hearthrugs. Two years agOj wb might 
have paised the subject by, as an idl© 
ti^le ; but now that Spiritualism numbers 
its advocates by the hundred thousand | 
now that there art* some thirty thousand 
in the immediate vicinity of our cityj and 
among them men high m dignity and in- 
fluence^ who maintain that the system i& 
good, and of divine institution, it bocomea 
the duty of a true man to nnveil the im- 
posture — to m&ke head against its en- 
croachments, by fairty proztm^ it unrein 
sonable and iiiiigen>u& 

We shall not go ud and down tooollect 
all the sayingfl ma wntiogs of thene 

" sprrits,*' The undertaking would be too 
laborious, and the result entirely chaotieu 
We shall still confine ourselves to a single 
authority, and tbns avoid the charge of 
searching wide for contradictions. la 
this one volume of Edmonds^ we have a 
professed compendium of " Spiritualism,** 
so ^ as it is revealed — in fine, a spediJ 
revel atioa 

It would be quite unnecessary %o at- 
tempt any direct proof that Webster, and 
Bacon, and Swedenborg did never appear 
in proper person, to make the revelations 
charged upon them in the book before us. 
It is therein confeaaed, that great: name% 
and especially the name of Swe<lenborg, 
have been, in numberless instances. /a/^/|^ 
assumed by the '* spirits^" in ordei to ai- 
tnct attention ; and since lying and for- 
my are held by the best of them, as Tery 
light and trivial ofTences;, and entii^lj 
justifiable when made to serve a good 
purpose^ the question is put beyond argu- 
ment, and the identity of the revelatioos 
may be admitted or not, according to tb« 
reader^s taste. 

At the ot>ening of this ji^mt we referred 
to the fact that the ** spirits ** do directlj 
diselatm any divine sanction for theif 
** mission-'* 

Natural cmise^^ they declare, have 
led to such a development and sublima- 
tion of the human race npon earth, that 
they are now (it to commune with l>einga 
of a finer make^ The progress of science 
is one of the tokens of this snblimfltion, 
and it is by means of science that a pAth 
has been opened into an advanced stage 
of being, atong which we may pass and 
repasStbotdii^g pleasant conversation with 
dead men, and becoming intim&ie itith 
futurity. This dedaration strikes at the 
root of the ancient creeds of Christendom, 
In place of that rewartl of moral e^cet^ 
lenct^ offered by the founders of the hoi j 
Christianity, and insight by a sublime 
faith into Inooncei Table heavenly m^-st©- 
rics — there is here substituted^ a stnstbU 
vinmi and a handling, through eleotri^ 
city and magnetism, of another Itfe. when 
are the tilling of fields, the building of 
houses, and scbool% and politics, and 
storms and hunger^ and all necessities 
from which the tired man long^ to escape 
when he ties down in the grave: and 
into this liie we may creep in the natura 
courfe of thingM, like the dusty mot] 
from the cocoon of the silk worm. Th« 
at the very outset we are assaulted in our 
most cbenahed citadel of hope, ftnd i^ntn- 
moncd to ddirer up a rich an ■ ^ 

promise for a meagre and u; < 

reftlityf upon tho nucre dicta u( ik ^u^^pi- 

fi hmiud bj t2i$ lipping of 

Bat Ib^ prasamptiati ddea not pftU8« 
I ddik lh» **mppmgs," alihough not 
f to b« IV«tti hafcVEU, »T« y<?t Mid 

. »5 ^ 


iB tt ^' MW dispeosftUoa/^ eupple- 
i npsrkiri lo ihiu of 

■As iii»Ser thi Home dls»njMitioR," 
Jitdf» EditkotKU, *'aiftiiKind w«r9 
hi Ike BxiflliRios it om Gc4f fm^er 
t Sbn irartlupped, 
*tim Obriatnui dbpenAfttJon 
Itar v«r« tatt^l tlie ImiiiOTUlity of the 
ml. and Us txirtaio for ever ; m dow, 
SMia- Ikb new diipiaMitioo, it b being 
miriid li> tbcDS^ in tin fbtt tinie^ what 
fat slBle ar QSiilaice ii j nod bow^ iit this 
M, tfavf tPijT well and vrtMl j prepftft to 
mitg' vpm that ; and make it either in- 
inenlialilT norrowful, or mejcpresBiblf 
lapf^r.^ irilijaatalim>e&t be true, ihm 
fa ^ niw^ dlipttiiitioii ^^ which, Jifr ths 
itm iimt^ iMH^iea man the nnture of a 
mmm lih^ and bow hv m&y fitly prv|tare 
ir k, fiv toiBiW^niiw in dignity and im- 
fvfaea fa fftppmaimi of Mo8^ and 
af Cfaraiti winch, H s^em^ only contain 
fa Ywfal abadract truths of reiigton^- 
fai*« oai^ and tuati^A tmiuortahty. 

f it* VI niMl idtnit the mon- 
^ t]M4 tba Creator has 
rmalod what waa neoMsary fixr 
nut'i fkiHtre baiipiiiiaKt — tlia^ in spU of 
faa niiglact^ iJna rvralalioii has oome 
faB MOfi boaToUnt bdoga— and that 
a inrfiiii'iii wbieb » ooci&itiiedly not 1h»Eu 
fad, fairrw a taore proloiind respi^ci 
Ifaa asy diTioa Ffv«|atm. 
K«r la it aomiKh ttiatf by a wilfut and 
1 Ibey should degrade 
\ to toe ]«vel of thvlr 
nt they abftoluti^ly i(< 
by insinuations and 
the Tery ^criplure& 
i lo the propheta ana 
a> tbif ilioiild dooftnn and iUua- 

■a^ "^yoiir 


jod c 

1 wfiWra*" 
1fa& fay bata do tdia that God crealad 
In fidco, an thi? Cttber of a race ; 
faiic iaannat tuiJtake to j^iippuw thv 
i raa u» ba in a fallao morw oosdi* 
boi thai what w# hara hmm aooua- 
fa lUl of man m only 
duyifB to hiji tn^nifd and 
tan^ prfMlioed by tba imsriaiB 
it aaunbtfa, fa wiabi ma mmmkkm^ 
wfaH ipait ai^otmd him, fa oeoapatm 
if ItfafaMfitta wiib fa cirawmiafMat oT 
fa mmmM )iU, and fa enlin diroodim 
if lit fatal fram ipkiiual lldiigi (4 a. 

■ **fa mal 

IP MfafalM 

spl ritual intercourse) to su%*cts of earth." 
*' When there were few persons on earth.*' 
say they, '^ and the sjiirit intercourse wt& 
frequent, of course the mindH of men were 
directed to spiritual things; but when 
the world was more thickly pecjpled, then 
it was that the necessities of life compellofl 
man to work^ to devefope, to in rent, to 
construet^ and these oocupationa pre- 
vented that &^om of fipiritUAl communi* 
cation which enlisted previously.'^ ( We 
cannot avoid noticing parent he ticallyt 
that this itrange theory of the faU of man, 
apart from its contradiction of the story 
of Mos^ and apart from the general non- 
sense of it, is hardly reconciLible with 
man's present revtoration to the state of 
spirit^communion from wliich he had fall- 
en — in an age rather remarkable for 
workings^ and developments, and ittven- 
tiona, and constructions — especially smce 
these very developmeats and inventiona 
of icaeooe havt effect td the satd reAbom* 
tion). They !woome bolder. **Otm 
creat feature of these revelatious (wrilet 
Sweden borg) ii to disabuse the mind (of 
men) of errors which have been ingraflod 
ou their henrts, as the result of an ovar- 
w«»ening faith in the doctrines erroneously 
iaculoited a^ of Qod, and as faimd in the 

Now^ he says again. " Thetv is no atsoh 
thing aa understanding God^ separate 
from his works," *' Nature every where 
is Ood^s acknowledgment of hi nisei (g and 
is enough to satisfy the mo«tt e«mest 
longtng of aU meo, if it had not been per- 
verted by the ariM of man. anei the am* 
cerUd plaji*^ tof&rm a church on earth 
which should shadow to the world God 
at a itpirit, but, in reaUly, peraonating 
Ood a^ a nian.^' This is pretty itrong 
language. If nature is sufflcient for the 
most earnest longing of all men, then all 
other re^'elation is super fluous i and if the 
plan of forming a ohurch on earthy and of 
ahadowJti| God as a e^pirlt^ originated in 
the arts of man, tiken is the fiible and Our 
whole religion a lie. But this is not the 
only ocoaswn upon which the inspirations 
of Scripture are attributed to thu arts of 
man. The whole mystery whkh envel- 
o|jcs tlie nature and passion of Christ is 
dodirod to be the mrontion of the *^ loadorv 
of the tben new njvelallon,*^ pruolaimedj 
fos motif^a of '^poflcy," to oretaw* the 

Hwm er«fttttPM say that the mouI of 
man baa been iibockingly tranirnnlUHl and 
fatiBBked in by the ctttm rehgiaua teadr 
iifl of t^le (ia>«t— ^hat it ratiat wm b« 
ffanted the "^frmdom f>f mMamd 
ihmgUp in order tliat it may "" throw 


Spiritual Maimalhim 


ofT ftU bonds of sect or denommntlon," 
and "ft?el the fij^t glow of honest exultar 
tion^ tbnt its nltimati; dentin j is limited 
to no pulpit, or the farth taught al its 
altars." TheiT wrath bums hot a|iainst 
all ^^sect and denomination/' Under this 
head they c^numcratc^ the Chnrch of 
Rf>me, the Church of England, Presbjr- 
ienans, Dutch Reformers ; all otlier sects 
and denominations of Christmna are, of 
ooursej included in this categjry. If 
there is any thing needi?d to crown this 
monstrous impiety and blasphemy, it 
may be found in the daring impudence 
with which a reverend disoiple of the new 
ijstem has proclaimed^ that " whatever 
of divine fundnmenlal principle, absolute 
truth, and essential righteousnesSj there 
is in the Bible, in the popnlar religion^ 
and in the established churches, will 
stand. It cannot be done away* On the 
contrary, it will he corroborated and ful- 
filled by Spirit Slanifestations." 

But wiil this sytftcm, thus hostile and 
uolitaryj stand by ita own strength ? la 
it a rational system, as it pretenda to 
be 1 We will hastily glance at the lead- 
ing characterislics of it. 

And firnt. as to the nature of God and 
his relations to man, We are told that 
the Creator is ^^ The Umversal Gferm ; " 
that '^ the soul of man is a part of Ood'^ 
and Jtaelf a ** genn,^^ and an olfshoot of 
the parent " germ," ig placiHi in the em- 
bryo to lie deTeloped. This souU this un- 
developed part of God.^un folds in life 
and (springs op toward perfection* It 
passes through one stage of being after 
another, and ascends from sphere to 
sphere^ until, having arrired at its highest 
glory, it is ready to return, thus perfect* 
^ into the bosom of the God. Here we 
have a threefold mystery^an undevelop- 
ed God^giving off parts of himself which 
dcvelope. and the object and end of whose 
derdopment is a return to the unde- 
veloped source from which they emanated. 
A^ain we arc told that "* God exists afl a 
principle ;''^ that we can only obtain a 
ratiouju idea of dim, as; a principle — '' still 
fwolving itself into direct and pertinent 
manifestations of the inconiprehen.sib1e 
fpeciabties of his nature*" The pasfsagc 
id 80Tnei^'hat obscure* We are left to con- 
jecture what would be a direct and perti- 
nent manife^^tation of an tncotnprebensible 
Rp^riality of the nature of a principle — 
wliicb we may <a11 indiscriminately — God 
_jx^ujc- Our confufiion rs made hardly 
l«n <¥inr'"^'i'^^l >^v an application of this 
-wi^r ; "Hu^' iV,fH}) '*Jsone 

fj|f&:_. I any dtytmctu"e charac- 

lisyie la 10 pirsQQ or if thi« 

is so — ^and who should donbt it? 
should the pame principles '"^ (to wit, i 
Bouls of menX ** emanating: fmm thfs 
source;, possess properties distinct from 
the germ &om whence they &pning 1 ** 
We doubt our ability to render brilliancy 
more luminous by any oommcnt But 
we are not to escape so easily. ** God la 
the very ^piril of life in every thirty / 
and it is eternally at work subbmating 
and progressing every partieJe of matter. 
from the rudest form to ita ultimate ertd 
the immortal spirit of tnan t *' Oh ! 
oh 1 oh I God — a germ, a principle, an it^ 
a he, the gpint of life m every particle of 
matter! The soul or spirit of man — a 
progressive little germ, a little prindple, 
an offshoot from this great germ or prin- 
ciple, and the sublimation, the ultimate 
end of every particle of matter I— Spirit, — 
matter^ — germs, — principles. — ultimate 
ends— <»h, for the due of the daughter of 
Mtnos t 

We might go on to increase our own 
and the i^eps bewilderment with such 
sentences as this: *' Light is the pure 
etsmce of God which the sun reflects into 
your system." But we refrain* This 
anomalous deity* iihorn of bis personality 
and transform^ into s-ome subtle and in- 
oomprehi?iisible esi^ence, is yet endowed 
with the attributes of holiness^ wisdom^ 
and supreme love, and declared worthy 
of all worship and affecdon* 

Now it k clear as the light, that van'oiia 
intellectual and moral qualities cannot, in 
any human conception, belong to a prin-^ 
ciple, a pervading e^i^noe, an im per spinal 
agency j but only to a being. — separate, 
distinct, pergonal. The attempt then, to 
make of an imjiersonal divinity an objf^t 
of direct worship, or pbetlienco, or any 
moral affection, is a miserable frnJur^ and 
must inevitably fall to the ground. — 
Again ; The soul or spirit of man. aa "a 
part of fiodj" existed from all eternity. — 
*^ not in a sentient form," but *" as a prin- 
dplo from the beginning,** — in an unde- 
veloped identification with the paR^nt 
germ. But the property or sentiment of 
man's nature usually called suparstiLion, 
is said to be the recognition by his spirit 
of its origin, and a recollection of some- 
thing that nas impressed its cmufciotiM- 
nesa before it came into the world (whit«i 
it was yet not sentient ) 1 There is a 
slight incongruity in this. Let it fK^ss. 

Whether, previous to being pb ■ *• Mie 

embryo, it may have been sec i- 

consdous, nothin g is more str^j ^^ . . . ^ , , L- 
ed u{Kin, thun that the soul was and is a 
part of Giidn We wish to eximiise thia 


Spiriiua! Matmatism. 




nk wemX or ipint at tnmn, u once bo- 
^ lo tii« gn*l whob of the Ddtj, 
' iVfiAfiikvl from that ututTf to be 
wtthtii It inortAl bociy. is tbso* 
hildj rfernK^ev/.^iJi rtduotd' from th« 
iiirttil ni^Mit^ tnd freedom of drfinitf 
lo iKt PVUy mtoerioAof ■ mut^ml |>nac>n ; 
mad 91 doomd to thui c^pthity, not for a 
Imif ii|M9 af thfvcwYin^ jcftrK but f«jr 
naknown. Kay more, wo ire 
aamrwl tlimt it urilJ n^^r^r ti^tln 
to ilB pralim pc*tn«8s^ for it c^n 
aeftr afiiii tiocatiMi iWrhod m the God 
"Mil htm lU |PBraotial if!entkjr« 

ITtet b it that w« nn^ here isk^d to 
liA^ I Whj, jii^t tbJ« ; thtt thore eji- 
IMal mmte tit miluitc jiupmiDe ftitd perfect 
G«d ; th^ thi& Gol, <»f hit otrti free frill 
fl»d plfsmirv, did M'purato himself into 
mmkj pttrU t ttut otu great pvt djd re- 
tn Um imme end ftitfibntcs uid libertaea 
•C GmI, while tibo ratMioaer pirtHp lOiiit 
•p vitliifi « ctrfem Hffow framework^ 
«d into me% whose fate 
be snbjeet t^ th« God 

-la worrilb mA «terve tliat |i*rt — to 
■ml to kW ^ thit thtia tli«re luw 
tttaia HI imiseilbel a reduced, a firactloniil 
CM ; th^ rfery nirw-i^re&ted «oul robs 
flb aow tcstating Gtxl ot a ^lOrtkia of hii ti- 
■tf ; tiMI «t worship now a /^## God 
our JbreJkthcrs wor»hip[}cd,-^iii 
iponla^ that the proportion of the 
Oii tao worsht^iiitc parts of th«» 
pdlf to tSia i^orioiis and ^ortihi|^i|)ed |iart 
ii incfCMOf ID a fearful ratio S 

Mm ^* i|pivit OT" K'ul of man, if it was 
il te liWrtOiP ft fiaH of (lo^i. ijartak' 
xmxur9 and gElontf*t — Liirl«a§ 
otia i&crcaiiD of 6ii//r it may 
of GotS^ which is mon- 
fttwuitl). cati rif?v«r reach any 
Kit than itorigi^aJiy pos- 
I W iho idea of a God as the 
CVntior and cr^d of &11 E^rf.vtion, a mil- 
lay, and ail uothbg. 
Ilia aoid oi ! by the 
•finlaatiflti*. )i iw^i-t 

viO^dm If li lio mtj^rt"! lip cluflo ui tbe 
baly Jbr a titno and Arially icel free— that 
!• ill ena^ fhrm bundage, but no a^l* 

HiMrteaioat pftmilnent and popular 
If ill t^ teachinita of tba ti^w rctclatkm 
K lltti mm waa created, ffjdsUi only ^ 
lli k born that be may 
For tlua im trarels tlinnigti a 
1 pmvthl lite* For tbL be 

throws oft his mortality* and appears in a 
niorc Tolattle ishitpc. to uiiderjr^'* a o*?w 
8«rri€^ of stnisfpk\4 aijd clastic transmit ra- 
tions tlirough indefiiiitc agies — iind hnving 
finished hjfl course of rarificatioo.i, be 
emcrf^es completely purified and ** pro- 
ftressed" — ^ spirit It is not ihc liody 
which progresses ; that is slouphetl oif — 
worn away* It is not the dethT^ned and 
enslaved aoalj this fraction of the \pfU 
head, which proiJ^rcR^.** ; for, after a te- 
dious emaiielpntion. fhat is restored to 
less than its orij^toal divinity. 

But let ns follow the The 
ereation of man^s mortal boily is thus 
glowiuglr described : •" Imagine the Spirit 
of the ^ir*it Great Cause" — (the imagi- 
nation h here gorely put to it, in consid- 
eration of Germs, Inifientonal E^i^^ienoes, 
Prindples, Mid Spirits of life in every par- 
ticle of oiatter — to form a very virid con- 
ception of the Spirit of the Great First 
Cause) — '' moTing in the glory and power 
of his nature among the germs of suns 
and worlds, scattered through i$pace, aud 
wandering in orbits as eccentric as I he 
Tcry confumon of a beginning. Imagino 
at Ihc mere breathing of his voice (an 
impersonal Toiee) 1 world upon worhl in 
dumb obedience, marshallini: them.sehM 
in the veij orbits which that to ice com- 
manded. And then from the elements 
around he cat Is up light and heat, and in- 
stitutes laws which since that period have 
governed all nature* Behold 1 from the 
farthcrcflt (1) rerge of this dark space, 
comes gleaming through the thick toii^ts 
a ray brijrhter than the sun ! It t^aeihes 
and ilknoines every ibing around. It 
penetmUvH into every particle of matteri 
and out from the incongruous mass it 
generates that which God has dei^tined 
should be the dwellmg-placo of a portion 
of bimself^the body of man I " • 

Welly — the creation is complete. The 
iotd is incarcerated l and this hybrid 
being plods through the world, and at 
death undergoes another transformation^ 
We have various descriptions of the sts^ 
oni change. The new body is either ex- 
haled as a sort of '^ cloudy frame" from 
the fonaken corpse i or it is an entirely 
n«w ereaiiofi of new materiaU. prepared 
and waiting for the expected tk.<nant ; '^ ^r 
it is or may be that tlie i«oul after leaving 
the earth gentrate* i/n own form P^ ile 
that aa it may, one stt'p of prog real ham 
b««a made^ and the man is now to die 
leoond sphere, tf he died suddenly, (rutn 

* tf ^i^ i WlO iktm baa th# MO) of tb* ftrumwi {U mf aalM&t ^ tli* nteipliitk temh 
M^tbnittitt^lfti^KiMnona«tiiflnlt«,La Uito mwiitii)^ wt w^ti^ andlalMttHlln 
It^r Wa iJ a iptctJ ummmk\tMm ga Uift potol. 


Spiritual Matrtialism. 


ftpoplerr^ h* remafni! pot^ in the iJr 
hj Kis own wei^htj id % itAte of fcmi-an- 
conseiousne.'^, for nti tmspecifiDd length 
of time — ^{if he di*i nor die siiddonlj, 
from apoplexy, the porbd of UB«>nscioii9- 
nesa is ^^hortcned. )— and when he becomes 
thonrufihiy awake to his nOTol attiiationj 
his frieuds come up to shake hands with 
hitn. and away they all go, hy the pro* 
pulsion of ft, to some pl«net whither 
the ** law of affinities " may draw them : 
** for the second sphera embrvoes not only 
this CArth biit many wortda, nad to e*ch 
of the globes in this circle do fipiritfl most 
•dapted go." In fact & sphere is i circle 
of worldly which the material "spirit*' is reen 
fitted to inhftbit *crN?rding to the purity 
of his mftterial staniftutie, tnd throughout 
which crrcle he has free range of locomo- 
tion, tie ftxcSj howeTer, upon a particu- 
lar i»lohe, for ft residen<^* 

If ere he gives in his adhesion to the 
goremment, builds a house, cultivates a 
garden^ and becomes domesticated. He 
perhaps had been & married man upon 
eftrth. If the law of affinities should 
lead his wife to the same world, they may 
be reunited. 

But sfnoe this erentuality is qnite niK 
certain, — especially as " in one stage of 
existence the affinities which &ttr&ct male 
to female, and otherwise, might net as a 
repel 1ft nt in ftnother staiJej" — and as the 
distinction of sexes is still preserved^ And 
the unclaimed wives must be nunierons^ 
a new selection ts, without doubt^ admis- 
sible. But upon this topic there is stu* 
died ohscarity, and the imagination is left 
to its own license, 

A referi*nce to Mahomet, howeverj in 
terms of praise — an assertion that be 
wrote under the influence of s^pirit iwt- 
prtmums — that there iire many truths m 
his writings — that if divested of a eertain 
cnrthy admixture th"'*7 w>idd ghadow 
forth mftfiy scenes of the spheres beyond 
earthy and that it is not impossible, but 
even probable, that ^" he is in the beauti- 
lul ^rdena he has so graphically de-^ 
■cnbod,*' * may perhapa be thought to 
give a ^fOf to free s^jeculation. At ftll 
e^nts this doctrine of ftflinities ch«nges 
into dismal uncertainty the eager hope of 
a restoration of partH friendSj elsewnete^ 

In this second sphere, the indolent man 
and tlie lover of nature ftre ejichftnted by 
ft picture of enticing shadea and purling 
atreams, and the scenery of southern 
Itftly. Inde^ in the visions of ephencal 


landscapes, there is but one pecnliartly 
which may not be found in ft&y moderate* 
ly picturesqae book of travel a. or " 
by a ffnminer trip to Schooley^s Mounl 
or PopocatapetL That peculiarity Is m 
the sky. It is true that Swedenborg, 
upon removing &om earth to the M& 
sphere, perceived no diflerence in the akf 
except an increased e!e&me^ and briJ- 
lianry. But Judge Edinonda describes 
a most remarkable appearance^-and we 
have his word for it that the Tislon is an 
aocorate representation of the n^ity. '- 1 
saw no sun/* says he, " yet there was the 
ejjlendor of mid-day* A few clouds were 
m the sky, reposing quietlyj like 
every thing else I saw^ and they wem 
tinged from time to time with ever cbj 
ing colors J now pure white, like hi 
banks of snow i now of a golden ho^ 
imparting a pleasant sense of w&mith \ 
anon atrckked with crimson and bronie^ 
and all set off by the purest bine as their 
background J* 

Wondering where the light (S)uld come 
from, his " vision was opened'* and he 
*Miscovered iliat the air was tilled with 
bright and shining spirits, from each of 
whom emanated light of different hueSj 
which mingled together, and made the 
t9Ut emtm^k that so struck hini (me)^** 

Some of these variegated " spirits^' 
were reposing on banks of clouds (which 
doubtless streaked them in such & sirange 
fashion) ; some were darting rapidly to 
and fro ; others were suspende^l motioei- 
less in niid air. But how the clouds w^m 
produced in such an fttiuosphere;i how 
they could be visible, with so dazzling a 
bght between them and the eyes, how 
they manaired to impart at times a pleas- 
ant sense of warmth, and what could 
cause the background of blue, behind the 
clouds and beyond aU the light ilself^^ — 
these are left among many other myste* 
ries to be guessed at. 

If one be of a roving difpofiitjon, and 
not given to sloping bftnk£^ ftnd 6owera| 
and cottages^ <tVGTy facibty is offered for 
travelling. He may follow the track of 
the planets in their revolutions. Ho may 
chase home the comets to their myste- 
rious hidjijg-pliicea among the stars — pro- 
vided always he slujuld not be led beyond 
the limits of his sphere^ or temptetl 80 far 
away from his chosen residence as Co be 
unabte to return to his meals^ or at least 
to get bock by bed-time; for the necessity 
of supporting life by proper food and 
aletp, must interfere somewhat with too 

* Tht tetptm^a^ It thti— to « oOQiiiiiinlc&tlaiti ftom Trtneti^ Lord Clitn9i>nor BMom t— " Wb«r« b» li I 
hMv ftot, bat ixirh^fn N ti In tli* N>*atSM finiHi he hu so fnpbiotU/ dBMr(b«^" 


Spifituat Mutinm 


mom fivm 1 locilit^ of nst j wkI 

'Milt vml is 1 co8iiiO|M}lit« ftmjd the 
«f worlds'* jct tlic iohiibiUiite 
t^ worlds in dtniod lUI aooess 
It llift mdett «boft him, unlil he mMj 
nuA tk«B » due oourw of promtHm, 
Ihiipbmtt «f>pe«r to be pticed in k^- 
ll%frOmlk» Qfst tip to thi; mrcnih, ^Und 
or ft«ps imti! thm point 
It) !■ reached, ^ns in ctirlr^H of 
; WH toflttfl*'' Our e*nh liclfifjsps 
li tti8 fff «^1 *ri!i**mj ftljMi to the juxx^nd 
lytef^ ; * nsOVCT A Bort of Taphct 

iv iftlMi I he bi^lier Kphorvs vwliQ 

f ^>Ui4'il iioR]t> riAturii] law ; and 
i It b ukpu in the upward course of 
1 lod «bot]iin{iy<3 spirils whose 
f w^ght his sunk th«!m below Ibe 
«rtb«t Mid who ftA coming ap^ AgmiD re- 
pMlXQ^ sod hiioywitv Our position is by 
• - tOQ^l, ftnd »9 thus 
!« by no r»€«n» an 
IJn3 ^n?ate9l pii77Je 
iPtj^VVJijit do Uiose 
■ siiirKs"' subsigt ti|)on, 
, whose pro- 
the appetil«a 
.St ?— WluETTe afio 
LlaMF dliea I — In 
' am LU V livi* ht?n^— with an Oi- 
t^tirAy Hf}f\tUii for such » 
f thlngi^ and 
! by a (iifftr- 
'le ripht 

riuiiui] in>Tu liic second 

^ dtoidedljr ambigtioys* 

i*-*^ti* i„|| ^ coaiiei 

V progreaa, 
>>Mfre to 

L i^ratlttmL *'Tho 

fiTivng." Now^ if 

iMiiiy ^ing 

!]i«i. But OD 

J repr<>- 

iiriry. or 

«irft»T0 1 

(In ties 
0, that 

! thi* oulwmrd life, 
- arc gtfca of ib« 

aeoood sphcfre and of tho BTxth. Thepmrlct 
of drfftsreiKK are not apparent WhT an in- 
habitant of the second wpbero sh*>uliJ wish 
to exchange placea with one of a itii^her 
development m fur as nL*gards imntcdiaba 
happitiesi, does not app^nr. 

Both states are perfectly charming, and 
perfectly niatt^rial. The most nttrjvcliia 
picture of the en tin? n^v^jliition, i« i^^t^ii in 
Judge Edmonds' ?i«ion of bi^ wife and 
children, living jq a pretty ci.>ttji|:^. in a 
pleasant valley « and waiting for him to n^ 
join them. , This is in one of tiie higher 
spheres^ we belierc (aUhiKig:h thti quegtkitt 
i^ open to discussion), but the E*mv scene, 
neither more or less beautiful :*rid tempi- 
iuf^, might belong to any of the «iphere«. 
We are wilUng to acknowledge candidly, 
that we cannot appreciate a pt'ogttsHtm^ 
which consLsts in a mere trjinsilT of a 
mouotonous felicity from one «taTo of al- 
teuuaiioD to another. But to return to 
th« manner of the t^ttn^fer. Ono would 
think timt if there eicistn « *' uirtvor^ 
law of progresaion," the "spirit" muat 
naturally and neoeiuiiHlj be carried up- 
ward, without an effort, if he df>os bat 
keep within the law, particularly when a 
simple violation of tW said law would 
send him downward, This i^ not wo* 
To bej^in at the beginning* The lowi'i4 
oondltion (which is ^ynonymoui^ with thft 
lowest pl^i/:^) is that of '^ spirits" of a Wd 
character^ lietow the earth, who dwell 
upon an immense plain (thi» plain, we 
fluppo^e, is co-extcnaive with the anm of 
the BU]KirJncumbent sphere — in fact it 
must Im; m, to ej*ti."li all falling *^ spirits")* 
Upon thj.<i plain congregate all the ou^ 
cmta^ iha dregs, or more properly, tlia 
dripping* from the ^»here« above. Then 
arc all black! They av& rowdyiah i& 
mannerii, and low in their ta^tea. Vhof 
hare no dvsire to improve their condition. 
!n trutli, tbvy hav«i found tiieir Uvet^ and 
ai« aatiaflad. 

From tlie eentro of thia plain riaoii a 
mountain of extreme height and prodpi- 
tjincy , by climbmr whichp theiie wretches 
may obtain a view of the next higlier 
Biratum of exiist*?nce j we are not «nn 
wliethi^f it b the first or tlt« taooiid spheni* 
At the inKptring (iroHpocti thtjr art bl* 
AtAntly eoitod with a dmam tn Cflc^pt 
Vo ihom better worldii. »nd by hard i.tni|f- 
gling tbty accomplish the witsh. Whal 

^m Ifci mmuA mhtn vE^tmpm n^t Q«Jf tUa iafia bat oiiaf ««tld«,'" *<l 

LiflB ^M Ibia W9 bur* iif «ai«r* la tli«lr ifpiltBBltBB Is 111* Dnlfrkl bo^T *^ ^^ >^l^ ^* m pr*- 

mA aHHtftf ^ flnJ * ' 'i^HTo^ fte^X 'fit ili» Him «lia a«gl«ote or i>d^mm eomnlkiio* to t^ 

k i«ftlBba»« nif^lUm of wtiM h* kjMwt te li* figbt; u4 tkli to nM laAlet«a l>r taf 

aiMuaial^ ^ aa— ^^iptaii ia>^>tfmiaaa ta»ag tad kwiK, MUtli ^laHiy ^wMa m m 


Spinttial Matmaiiim^ 


Ltbe nature of ttiis &tnigg!mg mmj be, it 

[is hard to know^ It Bcems td be f^m- 

IfcmDikd of physical efibrt and & sort of 

itortfE^ caiied in one place & sinceT^, 

r^igtirfied, eievatufl, Boarin^^ self-s»crifieitig 

t iigun J 1 This i^morse has, no doubt^ the 

Hme effoct tipon their specific gravity, as 

ikiB ftdmi^f^ion of hjdrog^n gas into a 

bil1<ion. Something of the sort would, c»f 

oourw, be necessary, since it was their 

w^gbt which sunk them. 

And 80 they go up^ up, up. But pome- 
bow it often hftppcns. thut without the 
I infiution of this " soaring" remorsej ihefw 
[ pernicious blacks, in aSl their soot and 
kf^wdyism, manage to find Iheir way to our 
1 planet earth, and get into cv^mmunicatton 
[witb ^*medium^^' and stuff them with 
I most egit*gT0U8 hes. This is otie of their 
^Ikvorite amusemeDts — so says the reve- 
jktioxi. How they succeeded in over* 
ioommg the force which dragged them 
"own before, is not plain; unless it be 
I'lhat the return progression merely oon- 
r«tst$ in climbing: the aforesaid mo unity n, 
' md then jumpift^. This transit from 
Ihe top of ft high mountain to a circula- 
ting system of worldii?, the pbne of whose 
fevolulion is parallel to the level below^ 
and which &rc not beyond jumping dis* 
%mc^ ifi quite a simple thbg^ and demands 
comparatively a weiik ftutb to credit its 

But when wa eome to the next step, 
ffom one di«le of revolving worlds to an* 
dbep} we are wdly at a loss where to pliuit 
oar mountain^ Still there eeema to be oq 
Other wAy, judge EdmondSj when ho 
takes his trips to the ^^£piiit land^" and 
aacends from one sphere to another, al- 
ways clambers up some mountain, and 
when he comes back, it is '^down the 
mouctain and back to earth again." 
There h nothing more futmy in all this 
book^ than the visions^ The dreamer 
says, *^ X know that I see those realities j" 
H> that we inay^ no doubt> depend upon 
bis defjcriptions. We behold then a quiet 
oommunity, with every appearance of 
pormanenoe. Houses of ^ubst^tial make, 
ivdens of guperior cultivation, every 
tlibg indicative of a thrivin^^ tasteful, bt- 
dustfious population. Famihes are seen 
aflBembled in nifectioaate harmony ; neigh- 
bors holding pleasant intercourse by the 
way^de or the fireside.* The exercise 
and training of the domei^tic and social 
alTecLionii. h the great object of thi^ir life, 
tiki chief element of tlieir huppiness. 
Near tliig quiet settlement rt^s a huge 

mountain. A steep and winding patbway 
leads to the summit, and up this palb- 
way thousands are dambering. It w a 
tejT long and tiresome journey ^ but thia 
path leads to a higher sphere,' and tbii ii 

It would be a pleasing task to rocrmdla 
this vision witb other commnnicationt 
upon the same subject Let ug arrangt 
the teachings into ^me order. A mao 
dies. He enters another sphere of ex- 
istence* This spheru is a circle of worlds 
revolving in their orbits, and (to msike the 
Mea as conL<iistent as pos^ble) in the samt 
plnne. He selects hi a world ; becomes a 
resident ; submits to the reding powers i 
collects a family; bmlds a house; tjik 
the ground ; raiaes crops ; jifcnds his 
children to the nearest academy ; makes 
friends ; visits ; enjoys life to the otter- 
most ; is completely happy j has nothing 
to wish for. But all thi^ whiJo be Ia 
nnder an inevitable law of progi^eiiloi^ 
by which he is hound — not morally 
bound, but naturally and neoessarily 
forced — to be dissatisfied with the p?a- 
scnt and constantly to pre.^ forwardT to- 
ward a higher sphere ; not a higher moral 
tphere, but a S|ihere higher in plac**, and 
a Btate more refined in matter. There- 
fore, while he is thus living in contentM 
rusticity, he is d^ the name time gradually 
becoming emancipated from his earlhiness^ 
and acquiring by an assimilation with tha 
state of things about him, a refinement of 
organism^ that shall fit him for a mora 
sublimated state of things above him. 

AIbo^ the only path to this sublimated 
state of things above him, k not any 
gradual ch&nge in bis system, going fbr^ 
ward in the raidst of ordinary cn^ryday 
lifcj but stretches up the rugged side of a 
big mountain, and in the pursuit of it, 
requires the straining of consUnt etRirt 
and the aband&tiTnent of those aecui- 
tomed and fascinating pleasures^ of dcH 
mesticj and soctaL and ogrjcullural settk- 
ment. He is at length resadyi He » 
iubhinated. Ele is at the top of tlie 
mountain* There should be but a step, 
or, at most, a slight leipi to the ncarei^t 
planet of the next sphere. But how it 
this? The little world upon which be 
now stands, is revolving upon its own 
axis, and circulating in its orbit witb a 
speed that makes his head sym[iathetk- 
ally swim. The associated aystem mf 
worlds is in the Fame whirl of moCkm, 
and the poor wretcb gets quit« tan^gla^ 
and bewildered m aU this buipry. 

* IW ivtD '* ftf iii k *' Ii oar own, utA i 

I 1m iwiiidaraJ flgaraitv*. Th»f hit* aa n«td 4f §tm «-' 

iffbi <»jki 

As lo Um iKXt eiriTTc of worlda, be U 

"f Attr»ctrOD, 
> uf iii»the* 
IIi« sittuitmD Ls now pOJ- 
ipliwiinint Aftur tinbe«ra of 
fer nc) Olio kiiowft how msnj 
3r*»rm and by tha tesbtAiidc of 
Mffwr* working,' Uw^ ho h«s MieoetKlecl in 
(Ma^yMiielf frum ttia in&loriil ^roes- 
M9 wydb fir«>T«ot«d bim from tijn&g to 
ft hiclbaf plmx tn tho noik of progrosiuTo 
tiitt »fifeifii! irriLrJIy ha» hf^sA 
^f \me»tmng w he Iua ii?4£!cuded^ 
mi «l ml» Moment (tf Ihcre in any thing 
^ 1^ dodiint of wngbt^, ihv ^nkiri^ of 
Ikv^ ifiinli^ iod tht* cOTinvquiL nt rt^ing 
rf Im llclllrr)^ bm liody mitiHl t»o of such 
i«9 %£liMMi, tbfti il h mitonmbh for 
li^ ttnl— ■ hf mmm tt^^tit rtoU^oit of 
ft Aiitinl bw, to n^tiiru u{ion his itops, 
a* if krtWtO€aMf ^xf^ onts would f««r, 
«l Ife lofliiart paik of this dmry moun- 
liii^ with Iho toKurkig tiMfuiory of for^ 
mkitk ki^pioMi fti bi« ^t, And the Un- 
a«i| vnfklfilied prophnry of lofte^ 
glorit!» — we amoot ^y above 
rhen» I But he «seftp«ft. Mm- 
will nupfiOMtt convoy ftDoei, 
k him of)^ ^d finish tbe tmnsil 
m naiTcmftl Uw «od i strong will 
iwmik*l effort hftte fa&tod to ftoeom- 
pUw lift fOftft to iht inoomprohensible 
tali flAiervp ladttding the sublioeot 
Horn b« b«- 
ptrtH^ f«|i«fttft 
ikm fmtwm ms'tm oniin;, end in ftbuul ft 
Ikmmmd jmn^ nune or hmk elefift upon 
l ^wm JioJ 6. And id on to Lft^«r No. 6, 
M tlvea lo t*yor No. 7, which » the 

|IH| Uifti b Iaw No^ 4 Uoit b« b« 
eq»i» MlViiliM ftRftin. mmet Ihrough t 
mmm fiAmd kkuw* of dietrtn^ f«|i«ftti 

tkiB tt ilow work. Kow Hur«ly there 
bo ft Mctk rait Not jet, Tho 
tyil-woni, lur tmm iDotftmor^ 
nnil of tho nm^Ood ii sttU 
aown to oftrn bio bmd bj the 
of lyft brow,« ftltboogh ^ the fkct 
tf flMi*^ Ii mtttlf to iupport m»tl«r,'' 
i»l «C online IImr cftd bo no longer ony 
j^mmum in tfct |tfftftlriii| of food, flow 
t anil fioll «^ hJi tft»te ! Swodoo- 
tai^ Id bo lEiiiv, who WftH trfttiiilfttod bj 
mmm c^ttctTe '^•hori cuC dtr«ct froizi 
* to Uio ftinth, with out tho 
ttAflol be cifKelod to fc>i?l ino iftiiio dio- 
M( of libovi ftivl iaifiilitiieo of ftn o?er- 
•hdUnt hmI oieitef mMrkOiftni. Wo 
tmm&^f haw him dilfttlng with ioiiio 

cnthuaiftflm upon the superior adv 
of this eleTfttid sphere, To ill u 
extreme siibliipfttion to which const&ol 
ftltrition and nietAmorphosia hfttr© ftt 
length drawn out the physical inim, wft 
are eiultin^ly told that many of thooo 
higher ** spirit* " hftve no need to e»t ofkner 
than onoe e week I Taking that as ^ 
basis of ft cttlculfttioo, we may msilf dio- 
coTcr thb precise ratio of their flnemffiS It 
the texture of our own mortality. Onoo 
ft wtsk to thn?« times ft day I Thftt 
would miLke one bnck layer of Gothfti^ 
equal, in ft fair fight, to about itrenfy*of»o 
sphertcal farmers, of the tery higheit 

Somebody may be dispoM to isk, JmI 
at tbi!^ mornent^-^nd we j^hould be gtad 
of an answer — ^how it h that these "pro- 
gressed spirit^'* whose i]ieGi6c lerity haa 
<»rried them up to ft height ''far aboTft 
the confines of any »Wf or planet of whkh 
you (we) hato any knowledge," aiv abk 
ti> dejcend at pltMiHoro evon to tli*' Iow*sl 
spheres beneath theiiK ftnd to rcvis^it th* 
earth, anf) remain here, and hold eon- 
tiiiuai ink'reoursu with m cn^tuiVft, low, 
grove 11 mi:, and oferooin^ wilb grftvitftlSoa* 
How do thny get down, ftnd how <io thiy 
kfcp themgt'ives down, with such ui inw- 
ibtible tendency to ^r off ag^ in It 
tjiconc^i fable disLanoe ? ^^ 

Oh, insulted shade of Newton, ojid 
tboUf mucb4[yured spirit of Bacon! bo 
disturbed i A wftke 1 Oome up from yoor 
awful grftres;. ftnd dispel with a bre«th 
the ha&ele^ fabne of this iilly dream 1 

But we must not have done witboat a 
•'flmg*'ftt the €th%c$ of the now religion. 
What course of conduct doe« it eiyoin for 
otir daily lifp T We have noticed, cumi* 
ftUy, tljat forgery and lying arc reported 
ai OOiftmon ftnd unreproved pect'adinos 
anOiQig the '^npirtts^'* We cannot find 
that wo, in this life^ are forbiddcin to ao* 
oept the pre<!edent 

There is a case mentioned in this book 
of one Tom Jones, who had boen hanged 
for murder, under sentence ttom Jud|;o 
Edmonds. He visits tho " circle/' to ex- 
change a word with hts whilom Jod»j 
ttvoogb ft ipeaktng medium. Vpm m$ 
kne^^ and wilb great emotion, he tbftohl 
JudgT« K, for removing bim by the eon- 
vvuient hftltur, from his '* formir stato of 
ignorance and blindness into ttie wasl 
sphere, wberc," says he. **l hara bi- 
oomo ft mm/* Thit mtaeroasit, mpom 
entering tho sooond ipbar«r had p ro is atod 
htm ft cn^tee between the companlooBfaip 

Spirt iual MakriaiUm, 

«f black and evil spirite, and of Ibose 
tligbtlr reformed and of a paler complex- 
ion, lie chose the Utter, and wjas at the 
time of oommuaication^ considerably pro* 
moted, and in verj happj and bopeful 
humor. He charges his fcrtner wicked- 
aesi (as many unhanged economists 
would nave done for him,) upon the bad 
construction of sm^ietyi which drove him 
into excess and recklessn^s. 

We have thuji, it would iteem, a war- 
rant of impunity for the wosrt of erimt^s. 
But let UB not come to a hasty and ill- 
considered deciifion. There U a puuish- 
meiit ft>r moral delinquency^ Dr. Dtfxter 
thus defines it "^ Every soul that is out 
^ keej^ing mth divim order ^ muKt 
remain in the license of a perverse will, 
/or ever vik, until restored by the r€gen- 
srattTig' influences of jyrogreMsion up- 
ftard and onward for ever" Which 
meanSj being interpreted (and passing 
the ambiguity of the word '^forever")* 
The oniven^jil law of progression will 
f^fentuallv overcome any perverse efforts 
of the Bouj to remain "out of keeping 
fHth divine order," and will carry it to 
perfection in its own despite ! Such is 
tiie da^jutful fate of the wicked ! Now 
we glean h-om a careful perusal of these 
ret elationSj thut to be '* out of keeping 
with divine order/* is either to refrain 
from loving God and man. or it is to pur- 
iue the gratificatton of one's low passions 
tn preference to cultivating the society of 
*^ spirits," through the rappings (where- 
by a certain grossness is added to the 
material nature^ which may be entailed 
mpon the new body after death, increasing 
its weight) J or, if it should take place in 
the ne^t life, it may consist in a refusal 
to §0 in tpften ii rains^ or to comply 
with any such requirement of physical 
n(X)essity. * There is thus an evident 
mingling and a>n founding of the moral 
mud the nalurai, which not only destroys 
all distinction between them, but makes 
the former a wholly inferior and supple- 
mentary fragment of the latter* We will 
Btato the <^se and leave it. 

The sum and substance of man's moral 
duty {to perform which there la the 
gEualiej^t imaginnble inducement^ since the 

iK^Tect may be essilj romedii 

death) la to love God and his felli 
and to belJeTe and accept the 
revelations. He ia bound to thii 
duty, because he was created nndei 
natural laws, which require th^ 
conditions. If he complies wi( 
moj^I condiiions^ his pht/fiad 
will become refined. 

If he loves God and thn hui 
and sits frequentlv in " circles^** 
su!ts " mediumSf" the result will \ 
a purification of his material OTf( 
that he fnay one day aspire to b 
himself a medium ; to witness sui 
cflable visions as perhaps never glad 
the inspired optics of Mahomet, or i 
the enraptured imagination of De Qu 
The hope h ever before hira of 
with his natural ey^ and in no 
those flitting and ghostly forms 
and Sweden bof^j to whose teaci 
second hand^ he has delighted to 

Moreoverj when he drops mlo th* 
his mortd part, there shall be r«a<^ 
him, or he shall have the privilege of 
rating for him-self, an airy^ beautifg 
flexible body, whose color ahaU ' 
yellowj or blue, and whose lusl 
outvie the brightness of 

In this effulgent guise shall 
through space, and ahght upon mm 
coUeut planet, where he may marn 
seJf to another bright thing — of a (j< 
Vermillion — and, perhaps, tea^ 

And at la^t, after gradual 1] ~ 
all materiality in supceasive ' 
velopment* he shall be received qj 
*' bright ahodc^j" where his spirit st 
^^ manife^led iangihljf ;^' and wh< 
shall ■'retain the peculiar attribo 
his nature, so changm by progrMl 
altered by his upward courfi&^M 
shall have ^' becotne a God ;^ m 
sociated with millions of spirits siitl 
deifitfd. may spend a blii^HfLd eterntt 
searching for his oiz^it greater pari 
Genu — the Principle — the Im] 
Entity — the Creator God—^the 
his adoration, the source and 
being i 

; — ofad* 
tea ch ■oh 


* Em pfevlcnu note, 

t Edra^ndji la Inl^mifiil ty • ** spirit,^ tiitt i/Vt i wa\ 
I rmHisT, «ad «tU«r» tin:\i^ with li)fr iiivrtAl ej««. 

fEolfint ftEBiOTint of tntittof h* wH Iv i 



LYBA, amkl tlie stus arouttd thee gleatmng 
Tbou tookcst <in me so benignantlyH^ 
With all thj pure, rtiiperuLl lustre tx^ing, 
As if to m\e me leaye to qiiie.stioii ihc& — 
had I will &dk; of things which none can tell 
, Wbo DQ tills litUe Ml so fir beneath tbee dwell 

Wtefi WM&t thou when the morning stars wero smging; 

And sons of God shouting wiih C!<^tiis7 7 
Waa the Harp then in tuni*^ — or only strinjinn^ — 
To gife with other choirs its minstr<sli!y 1 
Such Qjctsic as we niay not hope to hear 
Ttll we h&re soared alkore this t&iuted atmosphere. 

^^^1 And where ?— when first the Spirit brooded otct 

^^^^^ The &Fe of the abyss — while darkness rei^M — 
^^^^B Aj>d ft ch&oUc mass was under co?er 
^^^^V TH £^s were gather d — their wild wTaves restrain'd^ 
^^r And " the dcj knd " appeared— unerring Truth 
^^^&M told koiD fSrmB of beauty grAc'd it in it^ youth. 

^^^HOod ^ spake and it wa« done"— Z&id earth'i fonfidstion— 
^^^^V Pilkrs and Ikbric reu-^d— when time began — 
^^^^PThat iMngw were here of perfect conformation 
' Befiif^ the dual was f^hioo^d into tn^tL 

But osen of idenoe. by inteMigaHonj 
Have sought tooterthrow these mai^marks of cre^ilian. 

The theories of those sagacioos sages 

Wbold almost rob the Onin [potent of might — 
Mtkiqg «wr da^9 " iam^easurabb age« — '' 
^God said, let there be light : aod there was lighf 
If Mrtb mored then with grave deliberation — 
I What impulse mnce has changed ita axis of rotation ? 

[ Did^ thou behold our p&rents in the garden — 

Thur bUss — their lall^-expuUion — when the " brand " 

^d round ** the tree of hfe ^^— unble^t with pardon^ — 
^lej waiidePd solitary '* hand in hiin<3 " — 
Where tbofiia and thistlej; in their pathway spning 
8o utilike BdcQ^a fiower^ which from them had been flung 1 

Hast tbon loolt'd op the state their children grew in — 

Their sa-l inheritance of pain aiid woe — 

Their evil passions, ravages, and ruin — 

With the same radiant smile thou wearest now 1 

If ihon ba^ aympathy fur mieerj here, 

HoDe eye is oft suUusM with a kind pitying tear^ 

i Where is that Eden now ?— Does it *^ lie darkling" 
Afl some conjecture 'neath th& Caspian Sea— 
And do ibose sands which are so bright and sparkling 
Roll ov«r it 1— If so, there let it be I 
Well seek that Paradise '-a sure abode,'* 
When life'i pure river flowa ^' out of the throne of God." 

I We're totd by those who jtaich wh«^e we are sleepiisg^ 
Tbaa hast ^ a ring " with briUianta thickly set — 

174 To Lyra. [Aug. 

Whv in the dark art thou this treasure keeping 1 
What is its value ? — human eye ne'er yet 
Descried it, unassisted hy those powers 
Which pierce heyond the harriers that limit oar& 

Those hazy portals with interiors winding 

Their diamond-girded ways to upper skies — 
Or vistas opening where splendors blinding — 
Transcendent and interminable rise. 
Are they blest-spirit paths by which, when flown 
From earUi, with angels they approach the Inner Throne ? 

Those fleecy groups in azure fields reposing 

Like flocks of lambs, when wearied out with plaj 1 
Bright galaxies, fantastic forms disclosing ? 
And all those clusters in the milky way — 
As islands, sprinkled o'er a dark blue sea — 
On '^ star-clouds " ranged — ^pil'd up into immensity ? 

Those arms which seem from nebulte extending^ 

As if to grasp remote infinitudes ? 
Man can but trace them till with ether blending-^ 
More, e'en Lord Hosse's mirror still eludes — 
Whether fi^m inner depths they outward flow, 
Or firom the mass diffused go deeper — 'twill not show. 

What are those meteors which come like showers 
Of stars — thrown from the sky by angel-might| 
With glittering coruscations for long hours 
Illumining the darkness of our night 1 
Fire-balls with streamers hurtle through the ur, 
But disappear at mom — and go — we know not where. 

In what consists the blowing we call light, 

Which, with velocity that has been rockon'd, 
Travels unweariedly in its flight 
At least two hundred thousand miles a second 7 
Little, as yet, we seem to know about it. 
Except, that we should grope in darkness nere without it 

Philosophers define it *' the vibrations 

Of an elastic fluid filling space." 
Yet so illusive by its aberrations, 
We see no distant object in its place— . 
If we ne'er find you when and where you are — 
Do we imagine only that we see a star 1 

Or see you through that medram, when remov'd 

Far beyond sight ?— your " true time " being past— 
The " apparent " only present — this seems prov'd, 
However strange to us — and shows how vast 
The acquisitions ne^ul to dispel 
Ibose errors of the senses which within us dwell 

Wilt thou become our pole star ? Will this planet 

Bevolve so many — many years of grace ? 
bmenetrable secret ! — Who can scan it, 
Sat He who built, and laonch'd it into space 1 
Ks«v cyaosura give place to thee — 
■rilklliM^ «i*pwdy mi^ kip into Etemii^I 

Stagt-Coach Stariei. 


Hiit tlioii Qot Bfdi celestml orbi while burning, 

Chaogitig thtif hues as fiercer ^mmeB rushed oti — 
Tbt:n lo 1 Sill nud tii*hv piilcn««a tumirtg, 
Qq out, uti'l Ityive ait bUitik where ouee they ahOM I 
Such doofu ftWftiU our orb ; but when destroy M^ 
The "- now «ftrth ^' will be b«i^ and twi a dreary voitL 

Wis the Cmss p1»tit«d At our world's formmtioOf 

A iyp£ fiigmfkant of tbingis to be ? 
And bisl thou near it kept thj witch rd sUtioo 
So like 1 giiftrdiin^iiigel ?— Tli^n from thu«^ 
Coalil»t thoii oommuaM^te the history ^ 
W« fthiMild kirti woaidrioafi thiogt^ still wnpp'd in mjiteix. 

Didst thou witch o^er the bibe ot Bethlehem ? 

Hie ** tnmn of sorrows '* trace through scenes of strilb ? 
WTio pi* Hiniteif the tide of woe to aUnn — 
And by bift deith unbur'd the gB.tes of Ufc, 
When He for us the powers of hell withstood 
Aod qoeochM their fieri* dirta with hi^ owu prectous blood I 

A ptorioas mewieitlouow — (inscribed 

Wiih Af.'Tf V ( ;race, lud Peace) — of Him who hung 
lo vob h while his m\.\\ imbibed 

Btini^ vara of dirknegs^ wrath that wrup^- 

£re dl Wirt ** ianishiid " — oue dreid exclamstioo 
Which told how bitter were bi« pangs of de^latioiL 

Th«ro we mmj read, u writt^su with Qod'a fiuger, 

A goldeu no n tenet! on the deftp blue Rky-^ 
** Takt< tip f/j^/ Croat and follow — do not hnger — 
Walk inlim fr»otstepa — erer let thine ajd 
Spoik to tbr hc^u^t from these pure glowing letters 
fitt^p'd with liedeemiug Love — Death Tinqui&hed — brokco fetters," 


Ufw% mrm Ajr» law irtu 

' ITS Wet ^fwtw Ibisre at thi' OKirt-rooia, 

1 |>««coti,'^i«ai<n k>tt< who 

WM bcu^tUn^ aUmt and put ^^^ to 

hU in Uic bar*rooisi. 

' Wb a ilmlful bot dax, Squiri^" ivplied 

"^ L taktogoir hb h«£ i£4 wipiu^ 

iL *'TliAitfttocnirt4»oaj|«3roti^il 

L^mrMtonti. I iioti<: tny* 

^ ft fmx Ago lifit sun I' ji^et 

"lio rvir afo tlm ttmif ana uiorign Tm 

iMter^ A biled owl^ I thoti^t^ for a 

M^l iliodd ha^ ein Out I nij leArod 

n bftiM lad malt'^ 

'I ibtok ril tako oda of jour seed 

i betfbn I go om^^ said L 
••l ikA'l Mivf« it ^tid harm y« a hAir, 
i^*«bAAmd liw Daacoo, kadlog the 

B« i» of ¥i}L III) 

way to the baff '^ ^fipecially as t boAf 
you're goin' to argy that imunetion «A8« 
aforn I he judgp) this morning i^n Sqtiin 
Crii I is f o n . Speri V^ oontanued the Dcasm 
st'i while he cut the leiutJit — 

" LS| i' every thing dso, if jou uru 

it AM ji ortt*r to be uis^d it douH Uarin yOj 
but ef you ab<:>ofie it ye bcv to i4Ulf<.T. So 
yon do ef yoii ab^xifKo hrcail, nr inrat, or 
TCfetabk^ or oohl water vrvn, cotniu^ out 
o' the lot b sich a hot day hke this all 
fiweaiy An<i iD«ltod. There^s a feller 
killiKl oYi;r on the mountain ooly week 
aibi^ liAt, Jest nothin' tb« in the world 
only drinkiu^ eolJ watrr artar he^d boco 
in the barn, on the aca01. a mowin^ AWA^ 
A loAd o^ hay. £f it *ua b» bi»i icpolt 
now that he'd a drankf vtM ha* nevnr 
bteni the iMt on't ; theyM ha' put aq lo- 
oouut on*t b the CAtaiKst^ And the kotvj^ 


Stage- Coach Stories, 


ncr's jury would ha' spit it right out — 
^ Death from intoxication ' — but as it was, 
thoy brought in ^ koody-solo-ail/ which 
is the most curouscst kind of an ail I 
ever heerd on afore. The only kind o' 
sole-ail that I know on is a stunbruize, 
sich as I used to hev when I's a boy, a 
goin' barefooted, unless they meant 
original sin. and that^s an ail that's in the 
souls of these red-hot temp'rance fellers 
a» much as any >x)dy's, I guess. They 
make a sight o* fuss about temp'ranco 
nowadays, and the minister over the 
river tu Ashbury sa3's that no man who 
is raly l)orn agin, and is a ginooine Chris- 
tian, will drink or sell rum ; but he's 
nothin' but one of them young scjuirts, 
jest out o' divinity school, with more zeal 
tliau discretion. He'll larn ef he lives. 
I can recollect how his prcedycessor, old 
Dr. Cook, as nice an old man as ever 
breathed the breath o' life, how, when he 
come over on an exchange with our min- 
ister, oil us used to come here tu noouin 
as regular as could be, and ef it was sum- 
mer time he'd take a cold brandy punch, 
and ef it was cool weather he'd ollus hev 
a hot whiskey. I've made him gallons I 
du believe, and he was as good a Chris- 
tian, I reckon, as that young feller ; and 
though I say it that shouldn't orter to 
say it. he used tu think I was one tu, 
poor, miserable, hell-desarvin creetur as I 
am, a mere cumberer of the ground, and 
a nionniment of sparing grace ; and it's a 
wonder o' mercy 1 haint been cut oft' afore 
this, for, says he to me," continued the 
Deacon, taking breath, "Doctor Cook 
says to me, amost the very last time 
he was ever over here tu preach, ' Deacon 
Curtiss,' says he, * I'm a gettin' old and 
purty feeble, and I reckon that my tire- 
some airthly pilgrimage is drawin' to an 
eend, and my great reward is at hand.' 
* Oh, I hope not. Doctor,' says I, kind o' 
cheerful, for I see he felt drefful kind o' 
down and hypoey. * The Lord's will be 
done,' says he, a sithein; 'but this I 
want tu say, says he, ' Deacon Curtiss, as 
a dyin' man, which wo all are, but me es- 
pecially;' and then, says he, ^Deacon, 
there's no man in Guildford whose Chris- 
tian company I've enjoyed so much as I 
hev your'n in the short Sabbath inter- 
views I've hed with you fer so many 
years, and I du hope and expect,' says he. 
' that arter this life there will be a renooal 
of our intercourse in a better world.' 
There, Squire— I euess that'll suit ye." 

" It's very good indeed," said I, after 
taking a sip of the punch. " Ezoellent^ 
I'll sit down and enjoy it by the win- 

"Du, Squire," urecd the benevolent 
deacon, beginning to burv himself in his 
bar, brushing, wiping and putting things 
in place for the noon campaign. 

*' That's right, I du Hke to see a nun 
take comfort and enjoy the good things 
of this world. It's our duty tu, I ralj 

Having finished my punch, I walked 
over to the court-house and went up into 
the court-room. The clerk was calling 
over the docket, and as I felt no interest 
in this proceeding, having but the case of 
Peck r. Harris to try, and that speciallj 
assigned, I did not at once take my sei2t 
inside the bar, but stopped near the door 
and looked about at my leisure. The 
court-room was one of the old-fashioned 
sort. The entrances were upon the side 
opposite the bench, and directly beneath 
the gallery. Then came two or three 
steps that bn>ught you up to the level of 
the floor. Tiie central space of the roona 
was allotted to the lawyers, and was sur- 
rounded by the bar, literally a barrier of 
formidal>Ie appearance, being a fence of 
round pickets, an inch or more thick, and 
four feet high, painted white, with black 
points, this finishing touch having been 
given in order that the marks of the 
sweaty palms of spectators outside, who 
were wont to grasp the convenient spikes 
as if they were the horns of the altar, 
might be less obvious. The portal of this 
fortification was a wicket gate, jealously 
guarded by a constable with a ruddy 
complexion, and manifest ill temper, who 
was never known to admit, willingly, any 
one but judges, lawyers, jurymen and 
suitors whose cases were actually on trial. 
The floor of the space between the bar 
and the table had been painted, by the 
same ing<.'nious artist who had blacked 
the picket points, in square patches of al- 
ternate white and lead-color; the white 
patches were streaked and sprinkled with 
lead-colored pauit, and the lead-colored 
patches were streaked and sprinkled with 
white paint, and the whole was religious- 
ly believed to be, by many of the iuhabiW 
ants of Guildford comity, being thereto 
prompted by the aforesaid artist and his 
friends, a close imitation of a marble 
pavement. The bar table was construci- 
ed in the shape of a horseshoe, and oot- 
ered with discolored green baize, fastened 
by brass nails to the edges, and spotted 
with ink. At the open part or heel of 
the horseshoe was situated the criminsl 
dock, which was fortified by high pickets 
pamted like those surroundmg the hsr, 
snd flanked hj the boxes of the Sheriflk. 
At the other side of the table^ fronting the 


Sta^^-Coach Siiirif*. 


tek, iTM plioetl the derk'i dflok, tti tho 

Iftltki'. Ucynd this w^fc the ju<lgtsi' 
AMni, fthettcPNi bmtftth a canopy of 
&diid ml utoreeo oa^itis. )oopu(J up At 
te e«it9i» ofY^limd Th« liutf of keep- 
im tliii drapery iti jiIjutc w&jp confided td a 
jgimiiilMg » L ■ - ^|«ri»d cijrbj thiit 
Mftfonilr ^ i<io firtwiitocl Ui^ 

iiiij iudv 1. .... u.lsng together. «nd 

WaQttr ajMl CnmfttOQ, «iid & t»U ^mlfc- 

ttftC ta A ndirig oimt^ wIm) btcMJil to|^^Hhcr 
IB th^ rt-x^ of the high, irchetl wjucIdw, 
9^' tcktt Uj till} cipurl^ruoiUj tftlk* 

1 u>.'i(-t to mention thjit I s4\r the art- 
IlL Mr. FitxhoM'^rd, N:>att^.t within tlie 

flferiirifa#t>. : 

iltAcootaiu ...^ 
Iniaaii wm moi 
t Ibe {lair. 

V lite tcid*? of « iaII, 

uiiy-hBtPcd young 

hutid a morooeo- 

uok, Hliidi seem- 

........ .....1 rv^v. n,tr 

ian Um cotirt'^txitt) a tew imiiiiU'^ 
ilJifd *' Fitxhowwfj ji|:miiBt 

iBigli — liro emi(««— -I 
•4 a^wul J«iiuTTnrt 

MM»|piillSt Wll! 

svri-fuiMti Kt n!. 
i fffma fc cm tl. i i^ > - 
f «i and »p 

HISS timfi tliA«.iiJg a t 

A. Smilh, and the 

. Atlcm in the 

.1. liud a j^miiv iTifl 

I mauy of thi^ law- 

.(II tiioyotiug \mw-' 

I ^ncro," St the 

«Wbo for the ptaintifr?** B&kcd the 
IhI obi doic:, potltng im himd to his 

^IQa^nKm ior plauitiff,^' twd a doKoa 

^ftiflli «Mif imiuiri^ the otBcta]) 

' li th et^ttt,'* rpf»H*3d Kfr* niggimion. 
u bo Ibf ddundiuit r^ il^uu ntikt^l 
fttcler)i* aa be tiiaile u tovmorainJum oti 
Iha dodbeV— *" irho for drfin^<liitiU*-two 

nmm WM aaothi^r gimOTtd, subdui^l 
1h^^ rft*-g tbe nuaubcTM of tho bar, and 
aatli qfiiilpillMiUt: ^rtnnmj; by the ipvc* 

At Mm Sfumcsi i n tleiiLan, who 

ImI bvo lajkini^ : u rtil^ in iUq 

mmdiMt ncmAt t^ I kjikud 

i^ckrk tf tbe ca^ i agaimtt 

IbvIIi bad beeacaUt^ii 

• Yf»j «r, llitj b»TO," prpliad the clwk 

^I^f ixHir lArddn,'' Mid tho grfnik'- 
MS, Ipqh I irai lalkinii tuailj inth tb» 

enter my name for the defendanta m both 
case&'^ Ab he lookt^ up (nun the iloeketi 
his eyes met mine, I hehuro I i>lushcd^ 
for I was exchanging jilaiici^ii with tVmik 
Eiiot fc*r the first tiine mnix^ we hud part- 
ed in Paris s>e\xni j t-urs Utbre. 

I don't know w^hat I shaM have dof^ 
if ELiot had not adfanc^d towinls nm 
with an extended huud^ and a hav all 
beaming with cordiality and pleasure ; 
but the neift moment we wens grasping 
each other by the hand^ and the neil 
after thai w*ere in thu hhmry roomj ba* 
ginning to talk orcr old time». 

*' Whjj whyt oil] fdlow," said Fraiik^ 
after we bad mutually explaint^^ and 
b^ged each others portion for former 
oticnctis and sbort-comin|rSj and granted 
the !^mc,and. m fine, renewed our fhund- 
shi[> — " why, old follow ; so far from 
holding any pr ' fust you on ae- 
count of ttuit II ; '>phie, 1 ain un- 
der a weight ui ^.,..oii iliat I never 

can remove. Ugh 1 I had on escafjc^ and 

Jrour faiildUl JrtendBlup 1 have to tliank 
or it." 

^^ Ptihaw i ^^ said I, focling a&mewhat em- 
h:imu»&«d at thiii protesitatkn of grati- 
tude, especially aa it waa aecompauied by 
a slight twmklo of my frieud^es e^o; 
'' don^t uicntkin it ; if I rendered you a 
ffOod fienrka you know very well that I 
had my rvward at the lime.'^ 

*^ Fin glad of it — speaking of marr^'ing, 
you are a bachelor yet, I believe I ^* 

"^Yea Lhank ^i//' 1 replkd empha- 
Bkine tne pronoun ^tightly. 

" You are marrMHii Pve h^fcfd,^* aaid I^ 
after a pause. 

'' Ye^ thank ^ou, " f^pU(»d Frank, usiog 
Ibe frame emphaAi. 

'^ Y^ I was mmiftd SffrenI j9m% and, 
hy^th^byf you'll be pbaited to know tliat 
Pve got llie bcs^t wi(u in tho world, as yon 
gball SKX thijj day." 

'■ Yf**," I rt-plitwl, with a shrog of my 
shoul ^ ,!*» 

Ft nd looked Tery 

aly mv\ m\M-iiivvMis, '^ :>oyoi| bafc beaid 
wliom L married ? '^ iaid be. 

*' 1 gaw it in i)m (iftiicr^ and bestdei I 
inijuirLu] inU> ilw. pJirUetdare of some of 
our friends* at New Uaven*" 

^' And bit toiimi out that [ inarrtsd vtmr 
coujiin Hf^lttn, eh V* ehed Frank, lau^iiiag 

^' Exactly-'* 

^* And wdl you (orgiTo mo^" laked 

1 imd half a 
tion of parti on, 
the beui'flt of 

<nak« thi» oondS- 
^ihould dva Yu 

tad ao mat JmUmitive, PJvtmm Smiih^ but a Mwouti iiiu\i^\i\ c^iitva^ak 


Btape-Coach Storks. 


me bow absurd th&t would be. '^ We^ll 
k od^set my success with AlAdamc La Yigoe 
Ijlgpinst youvji with Mtk Elmtj" said I. 

** Very well, then," said Frank, gnjly ; 
** all ouj- difiSculties are settledj and we 
ftre fnends once more. And iio# no roof 
btjt that of your friend tnu^^t shelter you, 
m long as you irmiun in town. I hope it 
will be a mo nth J' 

" Thunk yon," sfiid l^ *• but I remain a 
day or two only, and— ^* 

'• Come, come," said Eliot» inlerrnpting 
me I '*■ t fshall take no denial. I have in^ 
^t^ Judge Wflikur and Oniuston to din- 
ner tcnday^ and you will all Hde down to- 
gether, as soon m you have concluded iho 
Arguments in the case you art to try this 

'*I fear we shall not get through in 
iMflon," said L 

"Oh'ho," laughed Frank, "never fear 
I ibf that. 1*11 trust to Jndgij \Vatker to put 
^ yo u throng h by dinner ti lue. T wo o'clock^s 
the hour, and we will wait for you if need 

^ Very well, then," said L 

^Au remir. The wagon will be at 
Ouitiei**s by one." 

A& I again entered the oourt^room, the 
ckrk was in the last stages of th« long 
docket, calling the TJ% W and W*sl 
The judge was lying back in hi« cushioned 
chair, and when his eye fell upon me, he 
beckoned me to come to him. 

I'htj judge leaiied over bi^s desk to wh ta- 
per to me as I went up to the bench, 
*'All made up with Eliot, I suppOi^e ? " 
fiaid he ; and when 1 had confirmed this 
ooqjocture, he continued. *' Ue*ll give ua 
» good dinner toniay^ if we don't spoil it 
by being late." 

The judge slipped hifi spectaeles down 
upon hia nose. '' Come* gentlemen/' he 
cried, suddenly and briskly. '* The court 
Is ready to hear yoti in thecau^ specially 
insigned— Peck agabist Harris. Allow 
me to say," he continued, dropping his 
Toioe, and again leaning over his desk 
— *^ allow Hie to surest that brevity in 
your arguments, and a little leisure before 
dinner, are both extremely desirable, and 
without one we cannot have t!ie other to- 
day. In fact," said he, in a still lower 
tone, ^' we ought to be at Eliot's at balf- 
pa^t one at the latest, and it h now eleven. 
State your points clearly, gisntlcmeiij all 
that you wish to make, and comment upon 
them at the length tliat you think neces- 
sary ; but the court i^ intelltgent enough^ 
I think) to conijirehend thi^m without 
prx>hx argument Go on, Mr. Cranston | 
proci?ed with your argument I hav© 
Just looked o?er youf bill; tbere^a no 

necessity for consuming thne with red- 
ing it." 

Though T wa-^i without doubtj as deeply 
in love as any 3'oung man in Xtjw Eng- 
land, ntivertheleas, in ten minutes after 
Cranston had risen to hisfeet, I had wholly 
forgotten Mary Smith. As I lu'iten^ 
admiringly but anxiously to the ingeniooj 
and forcible argument of mj" acule and 
learned fnendj J ceastsd to fear that he 
might bo my rivnl in a Jove snit. and 
remembered only that he w»s my antago- 
nist in the i^L^ue of Peck r. Harris. If 
a lawyer becmssed in love, there is surely 
no necessity of hit dying with a broken 
heartT or of mounting his steed and 
going oir to the wars. Jf. in tlie court- 
room, and in the excitement and absorb- 
ing interest of a trial be cannot for tbe 
time forget his private griefs^ ho is no 

As 1 have before told you, gentlemeni 
this cttUJHJ of Peck v. Harris was one of 
oomrndcrable im[>ortance, and Cranston had 
evidently prejjared himself carelully fur 
the argument, 4Ie spoke with an air of 
conhdence, and with that fluency of dic- 
tion whiclx, except in a few remarkable 
instances^ is the rc'^ult of only constant 
practice, I saw, with mis^vings. that a 
majority of the bar seemed to be thoroughly 
convinced of the eorrectnt'ss of bi^ law 
and his logio, and thauklhl enough was I 
that the is^sue was to be decided nut by 
them, but by the clpar-hewJi^d and learned 
jurii^t who sat on the bench above us, 
listening with serious atteutiou to tb# 
i«arnt*st speech of the eloquent advocate 
addressing hrm, occasionally taking notea 
with imixjrturbable gravity, and sometimea 
reaching for ward for the hooks Irom whicli 
Criinston cited )m author itbs, Oranston 
Bpoke abaut half an honr^ and when be 
sat down, although 1 had beeu pretty well 
oonvtnced that 1 had the law on my side, 
I tremblud for my case. 

"There. Lovel/' he whispered^ as be 
took his seat, and gathered h\s pa^icrs U^ 
gtsther^ "Tre tinished you ; but don't dk 
banh It^g unpleasant to see evtin an ad* 
versary struggling in the agonies of death ; 
but get up and gi> through tlie motions to 
satiisify your clients, and we'll go over, 
take a punch, and dress for dinner.' ' 

^^Wait an hour and see who's th« 
corpse/* I retorted, making a haatyuiepi>* 
randum on my briefl 

'* Go on, Mr. Lovel, if you're re^dy,** 
said the Judge, looking at the clock «>Ter 
his spectacles, 

^^ Miiy it please your tlonori** said f, 
nsjng, and addr^sing tho courts and b^ 
ginning a speocb Of dome tif «nty sikuitef 


Shifft-Coach Si&rict. 


k kocib, wkMk^ tliotigH liltk more ex- 

IpUid U% Im^Mt^Vi' H l^^yMl OIH* iif Till TtiKirit 

■iAtom ' ' ;^a yiaUf >^iLi ' <.it 

tfse JSnnfenie Ctmrt of Krrors ha?( »rncv t}i«- 
iiM tK* Uw to b« lA I f IhIiiickI il wm, 
iim whH'H wtHild bo immocleiit wid olher* 
wi«£ tmi>rciiwr, tio wwitier hud I uk^n 

MM df%fik * i arm water, th«n 

C^lOflcf' I. |>iv. tFJthout & word 

fit Mik by way of inkHutle ; 

mid -• ' uiir tirue, old i>overn»>r 

Bca 1 I knew hy rcpninthn to 

b *^„^ ,,. .„*; igutidcRt kwTtTS rii I he 
flal*. •itdtknlj delu^^l a tin ^I]itts>o^ 
villi lobttCCiO Jtnce, tipfiod hi^ arrAH^hair 
^ivvftfis learicd or«r towiirds mts and 
aid, m tm trmphntir whih-iA^r, '' You^re 
f%^ yotftng mail, «nd if W&lker dceidcd 
Ifltat jTOit, c&rrv it up.^* 

1 «iw, too» thtt roj tuitagomst h&d beea 
JIM bed li the mKlnid of lu)' (lefoi)4%, 
•■d sTiilefitij IftbortM) hiird to controvert 
ft eoww of reftsioning lo m(^4?t wKich he 
ini mi |«ep«f«d bitn^lf You Beis gt^n- 
llmiiL the nmtfi point in th« ^^iims was 

fhd^^A tnd f? "- •'nera, reaiditig in 

ll«ir York, e^ ii C — 

Bern tJbu hi. .. ^ - .-mwi, who htd up 

ki thv tnn'\ iltfi'<"n':>i]y TTmniMSr* 

' hskid tha lawyer, 
"I , . with a iitatt*m*?nt 

^ ikm iaM<^ It IK n*p>rtcd in tin* luHi 
^QlfMi« of Knidit, Uie ^Ut fm^^' ^fXf, atid 
MT b« Tfd by tmf of you Uial at^ ciu- 

Xlie Jci4g« hid b«co gi«mg for t mloutQ 
MV hii K|ivet«eli0^ b ftii abstracted tDAQ* 
aVvtook out hin vmidif and cotnparcMt it 
wink Qm dock^ial on ih«» front of tho 

piji»y, "^n*- '* • **■ ^ ^ "' ' *lJUictiJK 

*IinJl k- "J f --^^j ftn- 

UmiAR, to-ioorrow momingf at tti» cp^tir 
hs «C th« court It k now oim o'dock,** 
W oaiCoiucd, with A ftwtepifig |laiioo ftt 
tk» wbotr V» .fir of lAWjefv befere hitn, 

*lf yoiu iiuuur tipii<r.^^ eiied hilf a 
Soma hwyvr% at umt!, iprrtigtng to thtttr 
to, and tfuboua lo prma t£iir molioitfl 
biAv9 adlattriisniv&L 

** Otttuciiiimj" rimirked the urbane 
Jodptt ** iilc»ir hm to rDtnbd you that K it 
1^ dianor hoar, aad unl^tiis fu>in« jt^nHo- 
nn «iah«i to tnakc a motion to^Uv Uiai 
onbot bi aa wall taide to^mLirrtjiw, I iihaU 
teil lh« tlittrdf to adjourn Iho ciiurt T)u» 
)ur\, ifv{tUc{2M:rj). nilJ Bot b« iuipancltod 

m the first CMSd to-mormw tmtil 
o'elixk^ aijd I will come in nt nine to 1 
motiimB. Mr, Shcriir. ailjotirti the i^iirt^ 
until nine o'clot:k t£vini>rn>w tnorning k" 

i wm* A good deal disnmyed, wh»'n, Iq 
tht» priTAJ*? of my own chamlier at th» 
tavern^ J V(r«;f»ar(^l hj tltvm myself tot 
dinner, and began to overhaol the ^mntWw 
wardrobe closely parked in my emal|i 
trunk, which* at utartinp from home, I 
bad supposed would W tine C'noU|j;h, and 
cTcry way suflicient for my journey to 
and from, and brief buaincsi^s i^iojouni Itt 
the quiet country town of Ouildrord. 

*' Have you got a pin ? *' inqoireii Cran- 
ston, putting his head in at the doo?. 
"Mv mother and pisler went away }mtlk 
wevk to 8tiehL«u\^ri Ueajrl^ and bi'tVt frj 
button off niy shirt. 1 wiijh it waa i«| 
Mra. Juily M MtiJlm^ii eye, and he banjnd 
to her I" 

** Beady in thcne ? " innuired the jolm 
^t Judf^ Walker at the door; and* 
forth witli that |iortIy p?]itltiniin madi»] 
hifi entrance^ attij^d in a new, lutlrjuj^ " 
btm coat J blajL'k pantaloons, and a light i 
buif^ cashmere vest, buttoned UKJNtilrj 
aerosa liis broad ch*«t, leaving ejfjtottii'j 
the Euowy frill and ruftJc of his shirt, 

" My eyes I '* cried Cran^ston, ** what a 
<landy i did jou ever ace the Uke before ia 
your life ? *' 

'' Not on him,** I replied j " he ntvm 
dtvfises that way in our county*** 

** Nor any where else but in Guild- 
ford/' continued Cranston. ** What did I 
toll you yei*lerday t " 

*' Come/' mid the Judge^ smilinp be* 
oOTQlouUy at our runmrk^ ; ''come, £hot^i 
wigon ia at the door*'' 

*^ Look at him ! '* cried Cranatoti j 
**iju*l it too bad* ITxer© he ia, full fiv* 
and tifty — ^" 

'' No, no, not by five yvuB and mora,'' 
tDterpoaed the Judg^. 

*' Utmy as a badger," continiied Cni»»'J 
etoot **aod superior to all f«ithly piM 
«ianA| except a love fhr hii diimer ; aiil 
yet he ia mm neat and trim oa if b« had 
juat stepped from a bandljox ; while wa, 
jvang fcilowB^ gotngf nut Ut dinner luit to 
look at and id^h afti>r a ymir of pn.'ttr 
girla^ Kn forced to lal>or under the dtKaa* 
van tarn of old ooata and Ul-appoinled 

" Comci, giFnllem«nt we ar« loiiiig tim&f^ 
cried the Judge, impatiently* 

We found a Jentey wa^ron and a aptft | 
t^r a,... i...^, ... ,.*.j H. driver waiting (Wr u^ ! 
rix?Ie. c lovely natcheQ \ 
ik. ...^ i.„ . , „ 11 by the artihL Mr* 
fttshowanl and bit bwyer, Mr. llMi 
ioii| vliio Hi ftt tbc ^knbnr ia^ x^lik 


Sk^e-Cmeh Siants, 



smokjog their ifter-difincr ci- 

Eiiot stood at tho door as we droTo up 
to his housCf a.nd g%Tft lis a benrty wii*]- 
fonjc. The stippjementwy poeting ilmt 
I got wiiH espix*iallj cordml. hthI Eliot 
■aid to TUG in a wjiisp^r, a$t lie letl me itilo 
the hotjs#e by the hufid, the othtT guests 
prweding n% '* LotcU you *?ini't ttll how 
glad 1 am to »ec you I'luro lit la^t. It m 
mj fault that the visU nas not made 
jear» ago.'* 

** Pooh [ " said I, retiin>rtig the pressdr© 
•r thu linnd by which ihcBiii words wrL^re 
accotripiioi«?dj '* I was niortT to blarae than 
yoii ill our unrortuiiat^j difrc*rctjce. But 
never iiiinfl, w« are Fr jciuls again now^, 
and 1 aui hero. We will malte up for lost 

I Mi a good de&t or Ircpidation at the 
idea of entering tho preeent"^ of Cousin 
Ilckm and Misss Smith. Thi5 door be- 
twtHfu the halJ and the drawin^-niotn 
itoo*! ofMfn, and from within cnmo a soft, 
rUBtiin^ noiso of la<ii*fs' Krlken dresses, I 
know of no more apjiaUirj^ sound than 
this may sometimes be* Crao*4ti>n*s ear 
aaught it, I think, for he ihriigf^nl bis 
ihou^ers as be gave hm hat to the ar- 

*'Conie, geDtlemen," add our boatj 
moviriiff towanls the door. In a moment 
moro we had all crossed the threshold 
and wiirv standing in tho drawing-room, 
ki thu bowilderinf^ prcscuee of three ele- 
gautly dressed ladje^i^ to whom we were 
severally presented. Of course, during 
the ccn'inony^ there was considerable 
«tiuncialJon of names and interc longing 
of the ooinplimentary and conventional 
phrasej^ that are cusitomary on such ocea- 
■ions, J was painfully embarraBsed, as 
I Wi^ll njight be under the eireumstances » 
and at tirst, I must admit, I hardly knew 
what I was about. I must have perform- 
fld my part very awkwardly ^ especially 
ibf a gentleman of twcnly-seTen, who 
bid travelled in Europe and wiutered in 
Farts. I even thought I detected a sup 
^ pfefi8i»d smile upon the faces of the com- 
pany ; but of this I could not be sure, for 
Ihe i^«ol. blindt?tl^ shatled room seemed 
altnoHt dark after the glarings mid-day 
lan Eight otit of doors. Hut this suspt- 
von h'"ii;hteneil my (s>iirusion5 '^tid that 
■oiJietliin^ odd bail luLpiK^ned was Tnani' 
ff*>t J'i'Ui tht' air of (xjo^traint and stiffness 
wi.i I ., Iiich conwrsation i>Lpftn* after a 
JM : ii if v«ry awkward and embarrass* 

I recovcrrd in some degi^ my 

M&v'^iop. I begnn to Icrok about me a 

llie xhf^ ladi^ werti, of course^ 

Mrs, Eliot and Miss Smith and her aty 
cout^n. That I recognised Mlsi: Smith, 
there is no need to lellTOU, and the 

I you, ana ll^c o>iisin 
loo, of courj«?, though in the confusion of 
sounds and ideas thai bewildcrvd my 
brain I had foiled t<5 catch her name. I 
had heard on]y the naines of * Eliot ' add 
* Smith-' 

>frs. Eliot^ the cousin Ht^len of my 
early fancies, and L as was very natural, 
regarded each other with coa^iderabb 
curios ty. 1 saw that she was a very 
lovely young matron, with lart^'e, dark- 
bluo. pensife eyes, softly tinted cheeks, 
and a swett lillfe mouth that utierod ths 
moj?t cordial words of welcome^ to the 
sincerity of which her speaking eyes bore 
witness* She advanced to meet m*j when 
I wa^ presented to her, and held out both 
of her little white hands^ and told mt 
agam and again that I was a most w^U 
(SJme guest. It is not in the nature of 
man to be indifferent to such a wbsoine 
manner in a woman. Many a mane's 
heart is coajted out of his pos^esnion in 
this pleasant way. And this charndn|: 
littk wottmn, with such a wealth of soft 
brown hair, with such mild, pretty eyes, 
and such a rich, mellow, musical voice, 
betokening a good, affectionate hearty 
might have been my gentle* loTing wife. 

But, at thia moment, I thiuw a filanot 
of comparison at Miss Smith, and '• lleav- 
eos I ^' thought I, as I met the gaxe of her 
brilliant eyes ; ** I should love her to 
madness if I had forty charmbg littk 
wives like cousin Hekn.^ 

Mrs, Eliot made me sit by her on tba 
so fit, and when the company had beguo 
to talk again after the awkward silence 
of which 1 have spokeUj ghe said to mo in 
on earnest undertone * *' We ought to beg 
yonr forgiveness for this foolish scene* I 
protested against the whole affair, for I 
thought Frank should tell you, but bo 
Insisled that it would be just ti^e thing 
to put every body at ease at onoc.*' 

1 didn^t know what this meant, btxt 
supposing that I was eipecJed to reply. 
1 uttered a little ihort, fotieed laugh, and 
said, ** Ye,s, oh y%&.^^ 

^^ We shouldnH hare heard that yoa 
were in Guildford, jand you nitght have 
gone away again, but ^Ia^y Snnlh, only 
this moniin^, told us that ^he rude out in 
tho stage with you on Satunlay. ami then 
Frafik "twI ^h,^ contrived thiji stupid 
sa?ne. rt^" con tin qH the lady, 

with a < , .(HIS nirl of \\\ v r n tty 

iip, ^^Idoirtlike tliese dorr i^j 

they are too Freuchy, and t j^ist 

such a favluro a^ I predicted. In^ivad of 
every lx>dy*s laughing aud having ihm 


Sta^^Coaek Sioriii, 


€inbMTi.s8Tnent mwi 
Ihm^tFtd oQt (if thrm, it lu^rvtHl ontj t^^ 
Imiiij a« »H iliflt^r lb an crcr/' 

Comiil H«Len i|i|x'3in-<l lo Ix* Hik^lly ah- 
eojT*!, oiH I was mT?i|i!4 tt'ly riivtitifled* 

wJ tlioiii^h. Mr, 

« Uue 9o£i At tbc other side uf Mr/^ 

*^WttU j«»i tomewhat so," mM I at 
i fiatitf«. 
''A %^mdid joke, / ihmkt^ said the 

-*C»|ntmi I ** itld«<I CrmnstoTi- 

ImMi, wttU mn air of nuiet disdain. " I 

MMKcnt ai :% (Lushed Dkt< ami 

|Pnieiii|t Bi'> a ht^r ooiigiii, '^ that 

Twi* oo |»art> Ui lU" 

'^ 1 he^ juiir jjanion, my dimr,*^ retorted 
Itf etmMn, irtth «t] ittrjilTi^iriit fttr, ** but 
fOQ w«t»— one of the— VIC til HA.'* 

Fnnk. I b«d forirutii-n to sat, Imd, 
•Ibr fcfMiitirilig fur hiic iiiother, with a 

^ Tif>;«, sndtk'ftly 

-"IkhI I hat he 

iliVfta* ■fSt lia 

io obevrve that Cnui* 

iv dark uytHi coujiin 
10. He had ficaled 
f at lii>i by her i^ide, afid engaged 
'41 S h*eljf <^nn'r rsnt inn J hv cluiuRtJ 
i|lisi : ]Hjii the ground 

on hrf part, 
1 titttj- ^% itEit *}\ it!ollwtioi) of 
vfV iMvaii H«c*i) h*tu Ifcftrrf, whilv ei* 
fPMSaf bcr tcfii^ i that «be had 

■tknQ^ lo-ili\ L-4 thmi plea- 

If ftvvrjr ^^ t &I1 

^,.,,,- «„, .... t:4dgP 

' Ul toto • iiiio0iir9e cofieei-iitMic 
, ind 1. ianv^^ mnnu^rmi all 
I ri»|<iiatt« for ivti*"»h a rlfspt-i ate 
ed tlic iTHiin and took 
^ Mias Snitli. liaving d!«et- 
llt» isic»rtment^ It of ttiurM very 
aoo tMQUn* • toatter of eitrt ftte |>ro}in* 
Mf, apd alto a whilr, of irnrriincnt n(x:e»- 
mf^fomjwomt'\ > fair tseigbboTj 

tniilf my twmn lOt liappeii to 

l« iaflioalArlf tmvixjiiEia or ink'refithii^ ; 
las 1 tomkd thmlc of tiothir^^ to mj^ and 
tbt fMnumta ll^in I cuuM f(?et my 
bc» tantctibpd atiij i«litreTM^t by 
I »gr liilHrQ* waJi parAlyx«<1p artd 
awimd meiiiahle ot the oflitx^ 


of hla drollery^ and thi? Judge and 
Mrs* Eliot vpi'rc talk in j? pit i tics. 

The iiecepilty of wuhmitling some sort 
of a remark fur tlit.' omiiiideratiou of th« 
beaut if 111 SUas «Sniiih hail now &mii^ to 
be absolute. I was at tnj wit'a end, 
etrivin^^to mreut some pt^rttnotit (>?>fierv*- 
tioa Theriff was an air of ri ni 

the lady that fiet me back ''. \y. 

She was far more katittful t 11:111 1 iim 
euppoeed her to be, and sht< harl & inaii> 
ncr of Btateliness aud hauteur that wm 
%M imexpectiHl to mc as it wa,^ em tiar rasp- 
ing. She was talter, and her form mor» 
rounded } bor cheek bad more color, and 
her eye m&tt flre and depth than had 
lieefi apparent, the day I had seen her in 
the coaeh ; there was iliv mme jndc^se rib- 
able fascination alKJUt beriluit hiid causwJ 
iiiy abnipt plunge into the JVHtle^ n.^ of 
loTe, hut it now et*eniod intensitlofl, ma§^ 
nified, muUij4ietl 1 felt that ray doom 
wafl sealed, my fate fixed, and for th» 
first Xiixm in my life was conscious that 
upon the will of a woman depended tht 
question, whether 1 Nhotildj in the fiitiim 
be happy, or miserable. ^* Can it hJj 
thought I, *' ean it be that this superb 
creature will ever be mine?" Whom* 
upon 1 forgot to breaihc, md t^covered 
only with a ga^^p tliat I wm fiun to di»- 
gutae by an awkward attempt at a CQU^ 
m thaij on the wbole^ it sounded as u I 
bad biceupped. Then I was forced to 
answer my own qucatton men tally, and 
Kay to mj^lf : ^iloy sir, it iaqH a pofli$- 
ble thing. You will never be eo happy. 
gome other man — ^' 

ifeanwhilej I said nothing, and Mlsi 
Smith alao pres^rred a etriei Bttentx. 
She sat within an.arm^s length of me, fta 
a large, obl-fa&fa toned chair, with her £y» 
indeed, turned towards me, but with hur 
glanoe averted* What folly for me t» 
attempt to dfiGr{b« ber. mtleiiMni 1 In>- 
Bgine the mo«t beauuAil woman thai 
your Umcf can painty and — Mi»a Smith 
waa far more beaultfub But, notwith- 
atanding iK*r superb, qni?^ily mtcjij I 
noticed that tier boaotn beaTed, ner 
brenih came quick and «bor^ her nottrOa 
slightly dUatod at each manifation, and 
I here wiw an oeeaBional nibbliiig at her 
cnmprvasod natber lip, with ber litHa 
Mfbi of teeth, and a nerroua motif iq of 
tier bead, that Ijetokcitied mora igttntion 
than the ooiild t^ntirety conoeal. 

Thia etjoourajred ttw fK>iijt"v%hat, fur if 
nbe bad appcait^d whoKy ^d^pon^caaiMl, 
1 never could liave dari.4 to adttnusa bftt. 
At laal reeovetW t\\e v•J^tAa^ ia»fc tA m^ 
itpM and tanmie^l \i»fan vit m\ivia\^ %mm^ 
— •* If I eimld bav* ^octUMi^ Vtwh o^ 

Siagc- Coach Slorks* 

dajt tli&t I sUotild hikvt the honor of 
meeting you here^ the plcaaure 1 foiitid in 
my ymrney would have been gn&ftUj en- 

" Thank jou," replied Miss Smith, 
^ei^iitig to rjuse her eye§ to my glowing 
couiitfnanee for the tirBt time ; ** aJi, 
Hitn, yoa art one of the ^ntk'men who 
mn}r ill tlie coach with us, ^latardny 7 " 

Wlhit could I fiuy ? She looked at me 
with an &jr It* if trying to recognize my 
fbatiiree. Th&t thb w»s a;cting^ I was 
f erj sure. But what coiild be the reason 
of her wish to dTect such &n unH&ttering 
forget fulness of my jiersoD. 

^^Then," said 1^ after a short pftUBO, 
rather thinking aloud than really mteno' 
iug to ask the qufstion^ ** then yon did 
not expect to see me to-^iay, until I 
mmi, ? " 

*'l most certainly did m?^/* replied 
Mlas SmiUij eniphatieaUyj and with an 
umy glance at her cousin. 

Mni. Eliot, with &a anxious and trou* 
hied face, began to say somethingj but 
most fortunately, at this moment^ Frank 
entered with hla mother. I immt^diatelj 
i«oognt^Ml the old lady that I hiMl Jieot 
on tne deck of the steanilnjat, at the tinie 
of my Hummersut and dive. She Imd by 
HO tneans foi^ottcn the unlucky occur- 
RSQCO that I bb re Just mentioned, or tb& 
OOficem that she had felt on w^itnesemg 
ftj aad she forthwith pSaccd heE^elf in a 
large rocking*ehair, which her son placed 
near mine^ and commenced a rery ani- 
matcd con ?e ration. 

*^You can't think, Mr. Lofel, how 
frightened I was^'^ aaid ahe, alluding 
to my falling overlxjard — the wbieli, it 
leema^ was an event that had made & 
deep irapression on her memory* ** Didn*t 
you hear me scream ? I iupposed^ of 
(i>urB©j You^d Ijc ground to atomsj be* 
twecn tlic Bteamhuat and the ve^ael! 
Didn^t you hear me scream 7 '* 

"1 think likely," I replied; *a heard 
' t^reral cry out as 1 fell." 

** Oh yesj" continued the old lady, 
■buddcring at the recoUec^tion, till ishi^ 
rustled in her Bt'iS^ black sUk dress, like 
a fi(dd of maiie in the wiud ; '* you mnst 
have heard^ if you look any notice at all. 
I know I Bcre4imed m loud as I could, 
which was not Tery louil either, perhapK;, 
I wm so sc^ired and hoiTor^struck, But 
I screamed thr uest I was able to, and 
«o did Helen here. Sh^'d noticed you 
iome time before we knew who you weret 
and 1 hvwd her speak to Frank, an I 
point you ont to him. Shut tliought you 
must be I bo G&ptd%yoii was bo tail and 
•traightj and aft^r rciak tho 

jou were, she kept watching joOj atid 
when you were getting down on thai 
shelf from which you jumpeii, she spokt 
to Frank again, aiid told him to ask yon 
not to jump^" 

The old lady paused, quito out of 
breath,- and had recourse to her snuff- 
box, and then passed it to the Ji]4e^ 
Alias Smith gnapjied eereral of the itoiy 
sticks of her fan, and gnawed away at 
her rich^ ripe under lip, in a way that Fd 
have given the world to iuiitAte. Mrs^ 
Eliot, 1 wi\^ not much surprised to ob- 
scrre, seemed a httle annoy L*d, and Frank 
and the oouflia exchanged sly glances of 
merrimentp and then went to talking 
busily, the one to Judge Walker, and tbm 
other to Cranston. 

" I n?aJly fmi quite well acquainted 
with you " resumed the old lady, trying 
to find her pocket in thB folds of her 
dre«s, to put up her snuff-box* *^ Frank 
JL'^ to writo so much about you in his 
letters, and how kind you were tg him 
when he wits t^ick m Italy. And I b#- 
lievo you used to writ^ to Helen, didn't 
you^"^^ she continued, with a roguish 
gmtle slyly breaking out about her mouth ; 
**and dou*tyou recollect, Mr, Lovel, th« 
little heart you sent to her / Well, you'ra 
married now, and that was a gi'eat whiit 
ago^ so it^a no harm to aay that she has 
got the heart yet. I saw it in her workr 
box the other day«" 

^^ Oh, mamma,^* cried Mrs. Frank Eliot 
reproachfully, '^you are mistaken in — '^ 

'^Tut, chad, I'm not," said the old My. 

*' We aH owe B great deal to Mr, Ltivtji,** 
said Mrs. Frank Eliot, with a glance at 
her husltand ; ^' I have been trying to 
tell him how heartily welcome he is here." 

'^ Oh yea, indeed,'* cried the old lady, 
'* we are rejoiced to see him here finally « 
Pray, Mr, Lovel, why didn't you brm^ 
your wiftj w^ith youl Frant used lo 
know her, I believe; we should hsTu bees 
delighted to see her." 

I stammered and explained that t waa 
yet a bachelor. ^* Dear me ! " exclaimed 
the astonished dowager, "do tell I why; 
excuse me, but re&Uy^ I thought — why I 
I heard that yon marrifid a French lady, 
and that was the reason — well, of coiir» 
Flu mistakeiL and Vm glad of itj hut 
where did I get such an iden 1 '* 

Frank and bis wifii laugh^ hi^artdy 
and exchanged glances dial a.s5n?td um 
that he had confeJi.sed to cou^sir; * 

lapse at Pada. beJbns my revc. • 1 

rewched her cars by the wav vfl AhtA 
Smith, Every body eli*s snulcd, even 
Miss Smith did, who was playmg willi 
thj& broken fan in her k[k 


Stat^-Coach Stttria^ 


EaibQb1i4i0d \if iU% I turned t^wnnU 
* ** Vau h/om Diy fiUiry the tit h or 
. o j^j t *ML^»,if|j^ ^t, t^nj^y stylo of 


tci voit, tA it r»ijr thiit 

If. uid M 

■'toiilil WiiAv itt ri»u ?^* 



gUoA At 

. ..L -1 

bs't *«c huw ti 


-Whj!^ ^1 

aid lady» turii- 

I 1 lUlE laHLk LLIJ 


lotftrdii biT vhiU^ ji look of ftdntoni* 

" l J** suddenly cried 
with vxtrMifdliiJiry 
:ii\g from liwr ^ustX, 
ham be^tttlAi) doer? 
oliA.^ contiiiui^ runtiing 
1^ mm Ui t window, whichj 
_ (0 Ibe floor, appticd upon Uio 
I oir AIM of the w\n^ ** 1 must go 
L inl M8 them ; ** ftnd out indexed she 
r«L fiiowiod by CrMimton, Misg Smith 
ilto ro«e to follow hut wis dctdined by 
^km Okkt lady* *%My fk-ar," said ahe, 
^diii*i tH^ak of irotng out in ihiii bmUiB^ 
witlifiut n iKjunct. You'd bo laaued 
» an IftdiiLQ J you kudw bow ensiJy you 

, duUL" 
•B«l,ioiity— " 

"Stmy bet*, child,*' b^ulad tbe dowager 
: huT hciiL, ** 1 bliAll wmut you in a 
»t to— " 
;^« Wan,'' cmd Fwik, intcfrupting, 
' , hW do you like Mu«a Smith 1 " 
1 VTM oompbtisly lu^toundetl by tbis 
, uct i^ax^ gtupidly towarai the 
• ftbru|itly tticution<?d* 
^tkt'pm, know," b« euntiuutiil, ftpe&k- 
to litM wiff^ *'lhat l,4>Tel hjui l»eea 
I by the charma of our liri?ly fnend, 
■id \mm profuiacd to foi^^f^ uiu all my 
^mftmm ami 4in« to titniwanl, in con* 
Mmiksm thai I have, in turn, t>roniised 
t* MV a food word for huu to Miry? 
Bmdikci thai w« nsly onyt>ur dbcrttloEi/* 
kiidiM, wtlkini; up to Misn .Smith bi^r- 
wttj waA tififiiiig ber on the shoulrjcr aa 
^ flood ill tha wbdow, *"! ought not 
H huM^ tspoiod Lofal befor« yoa He 
litf o ft diauco to make bra for 

'Pilkjr cksDM, if bt {ilatata^^ rtplied 
IGaa 5»l% akuftlly gNng mt a pTeaaant 
aillL albwt there wai a Blight alloy of 
Mm in it. » nelt b0 fl:iirv to win/* 
ik^ tddsd Micwtjcalljp ^ ho ia 8uch a 
| ff o6c i» o (t la tlhft art of wooing. I wish 
foo^f tel me g!i} out, aujQiy/'^i^d gbe 
BgaJB tBrniiig lowarfla tho window^ ^ and 
tSn JOQ may all talk withoui bdiig 
iMIpd to raly on my dljicn;tiun.'* 

— *Ho^ B^" laid th« dowag^, " tbe auti 


tm>U& V ad*!^ Hm Frank EUot 

Mlfiii Smith almost pouted, and I -vet- 
turcil A j! mart puil iit one of my whiiik«rm 
for the purpoise of ti*sLirig the ijucstioti 
whether ] wkj in fai't wide awvkia or 
da^Rfuuig. The ctidcjicci thus obuuned 
teudi'if MUuewhat to dispel the doubts T 
had bcgiin to ent«rtaiR, 

"Mary's a nice girl, Mr Lovtl^ and 
would make you a goud wife," gftid ih« 
old bdy, fumbhiig aJli?r her Mnufl'-boz. 
^' She^s a capital hou^kee^terT *'"^ wbea 
ahe act ties down steady ^ shell be a 
woman thatll make some man hamiy. 
I beg your pardon^ but really I can't hdp 
talking to you as if £ bad kDown you a 
long tune," 

*-Welll" thought r, dumbroundewd 
i^h amazement, ^* if this \&n\ oool tuay I 
eSvct^" I glanced at the young lady 
so strongly rwouimended to me, gho 
stood at the window apparently watching 
the brunette and Cramttoii playing witS 
the deer on the lawii| in p^wl uuGOti* 
cem at the conversation of which fihe her- 
fielf formed so distinguished a iubject. 

There was a pau^ for a momenk I 
mippoMe the? were looking woudeHndr 
at the blank ejcpression of mj ^m. ft 
gave me opportunity hr reflection, and 
the truth began to dawn upon my bcwil- 
dertfd mind. 

*■ I have htm mont confouudedly mii- 
takcu/* fijyd I — my presence of tnind waa 
wholly gone and 1 thought aloud in mr 
eartt<»tm<«iSt ** It must be then,'* said I, 
** thai *fAe" — I nodded towards tba window 
— " h fwi Miae Maty Smith*' 

Tilt! lady wbora I had doe^nated started 
and turned qukkly rouuo. The blood 
rutfhed to bei i\<^\ she bit bor lip, and 
damped her hni U with a slinnkkfg 
manner for a mom ntK -'uriug whfch it wa§ 
evident that she w^i^ tr-t^t painfully em- 
bairaased, and then in a hrcath^s tipaiw 
Bhe drew henelf up haughtily, and. 
Heavens ! what a beautiful exni%sGlo& en 
sooniful anger wa» in the Qaabit^ ^aiieo 
that Eliot and I were entitled to ^fidl 
equally between us, Fratik returned tbo 
glaooe for a moment with a black stare^ 
and then suddenly seizing bold of Um 
Judge^ the pair went oS' together witlil 
roar like a double^ barrelled'^tm. 

"Frank, you we too badj" aria ilk 
wife mruiclifuti j^ ^ Did ho tell ypik ^ 
was Mbi Smith ?>« ihe naked. 

«Nefw, mmrj** cried Frmk ^m I, 
Loth?-' ^ 

** No," Baki L ** Beacon Curtian— " 

**l>jdn't yoti War me when I prt^Mntod 
him to you all 1 "* crtod Frank, when be 
had recovered from the extremity of hli 
fit <€ mtn^Benl. ' Didn't 1 do it riglit t ** 



Sidfjfe-Coach St&rier. 



Mrs. Eliot a^iTi turned to me, I had 
bj this times Yiiipin to reooTOF my icat- 
tered ^tises^ fnr the fair lady b^ dia- 
Appeared throug^h the ^nndow^* *'I hvm 
hmn to blarae/^ said I. '*Thia lady I 
mw Saturday in the conch. I afTterwards 
ondfi&vored t* ascertam her name^ and 
aupposed that I had succeeded^ I was 
■atifified that fihc wor MisB Mary Smith, 
the daughter of Captaia William Smith. 
I came here expecting to i«e her, and 
fonnd her here. I heard no other names 
when I wa« presented to the ladies than 
* Eliot ' and * Smith/ and supposed that 
it was the name of the ludy who sat 
yonder that I failed to catch. She, I now 
mippmt, ie ^lis^ Mary Smith,'^ 

** At your fienricCj sir/* suddenly cried 
the dark^yed damsel^ reappearing at me 

*^ And nowj T beg to know/* cried T^ 
waging: desperate^ while Mrs. Eliot, 
Frank the Judge, and even the old lady^ 
who began to appreciate the scene, 
laughed in chorus ] " I beg to know who 
the lady is that I took to be Mies 
Smith ? " 

" Why * don't yon know now ? " asked 
the old lady* 

"Oh! Frank! Frank!" cried Mre. 

'^ Upon my word" he replied, as well 
ae he could for laughing/^ I am guiltleaa 
of any knowledge of the chief mistake, 
Lorel told me he saw Miss Smith b the 
atage^-and eo he did. How did I know 

that he had got the wrong /^ and 

hereupon everf body went into fits 

** But who 19 the other lady 1 *' I de- 
manded when the tirfit lull in the gale of 
merriment occurred. 

"Why! don't you remember her?" 
cried the old lady_ ^ Why ! she la my 
niece, Helen Eliot 1 " 

'' lielen Eliot I " I exclaimed. 

"Why; that's what I supposed you 
would find out when I introduced you 
to-day," cried Frank^ " and I supposed 
you had found it ouu" 

** Is it possible 1 " aaid I, turning to Mra. 
Frank Eliot. 

^ Why noj indeed." replied that lady ; 
*■ she is my iister Helen." 

^ For God's sake then^ who are you 1 " 
I inquired, determined not to be eurpris- 
ad at uty thing; while Cranston and 
tlw Teritable Maiy Smith joined their 
Totoee to the geneiil chorus. 

" Me 1 " screamed the lady j " pray 
whom have you taken me to be ? surely 
you have called mo by my proper name 
eereral tunei to-day .^^ 

"Tea," said 1 ^'Ofeiypeipleiedj "y^a, 
you ar^ now Mrs, Frank Eliot — but 
had always suppji^cd that Mr. Frank 
lot had married Miss Helen Eliot — i 
cousin Helen," I added after a pai 
" that I used to talk about with him," 

" Whereas^" interposed Frank, 
make an explanation that I tl 
would be supererogatory alter 
being presented to the several ladi<i 
day, I married, instead, Mies Etfen 
iot, an elder dgter ofMias Rekn oft] 
name ; of whom^ as you say, we nsed 
discourse somewhat in our days of trai 
and with whom you rode in the stagtt 
from the city,'* 

''And with whom he ffell madly 
love^" added the Jucke. 

*^ So it's not me, after all, then," 
Miss Mary Smith, in her. own pro] 
person, claaping her hands with a eti^ 
air> ^^ Heavens! what a disappoisfr- 
ment ! " 

^ I beg youl] be consoled," said Crani- 

" Need I tell you who the Other Chii 
is^ Lovel 1 *' asked Frank taking his 
and me each by the hand. 

" Quite a pretty tableau, I declai^" 
cried Mias Smith. Just then the 

bell ran|, " And there's the prompi 

bcU,^' she oontiDued^ *4et toe curtaiit 

Here Mr. Lovely as he called hi 

abruptly paused^ and after mcrtstej 
his lipa for a moment at the moutll 
his brandy flask, took a cigar torn 
case, and turned to the i^venue^ee] 
otiScer for a light. After that he f^ttli 
himself in his seat, drew a long brt^th, 
and began smoking. 

'' Is that all ? " inquired the stoat gett- 
tleman with the round-topped oap, 

' I've finished," replied Mr. Level 

** But what happened next 1 " persisted 
the stout gtmtleman. 

** Dinner,'* said Mr* LoveL, without 
taking his cigar from his lips, 

^^Ajnd what next?" still inquio^ tb* 
fileepy gentleman, with great pertinacity. 

^' Wine and cigars, and further the d»^ 
ponent saith nut," said Mr. Lovel. 

^^ Pshaw I" Faid the stout gentlfimaD 

** A most worthy oondueion if it must 
be so," cried the sailor. ^ Come, g**ntli^ 
men, are yon r^uiy for the uejn yam "? " 

*^ I should rather hear whether the laet 
narrator married Helen Eliot;" said th» 
stout gentleman, a littki sulkily. 

" 1 iiould be happy togivn you all lh« 
information in my power/* taiil Mr* 



bat OMilr hm csuitioiM.^^ 

fwat u / " 

*lf a M Hi/ ium At the whcd^^^id L 

Hie re en&ue^! & fiimuUani?ons kiselnf 
t»f ihe "[Kior dumb luouths" of llie IjtUo 
wj||ow-or)Tert4 fl*Ak?i, and n pcncrnl ro- 
lighting of cigiu^ und rt*newiiJ of tiihnc<^ 
ftiirdtt. Aft*-? i\w busik* otrAKioned by 

ccl Tuy stf>r*y^ wliich I do mn fcsil obliged 
to i>ut uiJoTi jmijor in thv Kwuie words, 1 n 
U'lUu^^ iU Uien^forL'^ T ^Imll iiddii^is my- 
m\i direcU; to Uje recidor. 


■Htfw fiwuf;^— [^^«# CKonMi 

f lEf AOK BTo. t. 

^raES^ T torriV, n^r to m»k^ wtsrds, 
1 hmt liteaam t iWimlity, but 

■ncfc i^AMJU, h^ ( «A I nill bj 

tkae *'ftooH«04iriu}4'' Jiuw) what set uf 
linHD^tfHii*, nitdor my own control, I 
ail»f hI KuoQGGBlblljufle to 

l^dKu 1. I ik<Dn» t« ex- 

MIL M0 irtii^jicuiiiny ftg I emn, the work- 
In of ||m> iiiBicliiiH!| an widl an the pro^kict 
tffiiiUhrli -' ' ^-*^m coTittxiioiwr In 



^ djcieolate in the 

"^^ n tlmb tnreriH 

Plnr limr gmT 

pMrt ill litx ff^ni 

V liich do tbeir 

y rcNira ; win- 


r tbt.' TTii[J!jle?d 

kMK «U>1 



ji lun 


, iiig iu-iuy of 


-, tftbiifffhitiff 

^^ ' 

: OL' tflO ll)f>UTjtftit) 


r of tbc hor\ fA.m. 


' loom J pijr|ilt? 


by my ari»«t 


- ! rfrt? only 
this pre- 

«Pi V 

;ind ^tA- 


'1 silent, 

aad vTiU. 

■-..^ lo tbeun- 

etil ca2Ct«*Qi *ji 

1 lowwds niL^ 

QggKt M» imt -1i> 

f- T 

rk done i 


1 <if It tn 




1W r 



/ in* 


-., or 



■ViHtli lu 

I'niKLi {^i de(y 

Toi* ir,*-l 

crttidsm; thcrre li tx>t1i e^riDOlcfiT and 
inliionly for thi? ndjcetifu, BcefdcA^ an 
Adjective [ nna^i hnVe^ iiid coiild I ^ay 
trcfttimman?) routhji^ of tbe wmtict 
At ^uch B timt! thi* intellect, unTcftR oxvi^ 
work:d to Htuj>idity, c3qjrindB imd itj^cx^ndii 
M did thi* li^*erftU'd Afrite^ whom this 
Jlslwrnmn frted from the braiwn Jvlt "mlo 
which Solomon ha*l hf}jui^^U^\ him* 

3, CirctimKlanL-cs; of wbich First :^T 
h*\o pljiyi^i tliiXi " " " , f 

chexpi ; d GinfXio 1' ' 'i 

Gambit^ jiftd a K»ii|; > I'uu rj. % riw - u n^ nj- 
of, that the intcIk'Hnd cici foment cumi- 
\n^ mipht Lh? of a pU^oK^nt cMjmpli^xion^^ I 
to^ik iiHitiH t<> U? vjfiur in two, nnd nfter 
% ^mrp conU'^^t did tt* Seooud ; I [»!uyt'l 
a noctnnie for piiin<^*fort*iy that a ditc 
pnorKirlioji of ikHubrij fnnaeEi might 1>e 
<?voKod to miojch^ with tlji* Cfiinlmtivt- wid 
hAJ'Hhly Yivid w^nsations, njmainiiig from 
the viok'nt »trif<? awr the dtcfis^board 
Thini; 1 [tHfttxik, iind lit til at lht4 pr»- 
Fent writinje, do (Khu tiirje lo tim« 

rrtake^ of a err tain confiTtion, wliich 
know by 4.' to pofisttti l 

jKiwer of j' HtrmnUtitig ib« 

m«* n Ia] aiC^tr yn^ *>i ^ j 1 1 j ui Jjti cjui* eater* I 
had intendinl not fo nanvo the luxnry, 
k'*t I fihoulfl Iw suspected of covert *1- 
TcriiHing; and lej<t, too, I Rhould difvct 
the siepx of M'mc &h*itrrninM>i ntie to a 
hmrtnfui pleiwiinr ; but < v tihun 

the a till morr offtuj-siTe i' . " which 

I §ee hi the dbtanoL^ uf pmifling p^rt wtno 
— nr brandy — or cortlittl-drop» (rik" tt*- 
hx'lefi of viU^ upecimeiis of vile £lytd« !)^ I 
m\i^i explain. 

*^ Chficokte crcam~dro[>n," thm, are 
m J *• jiart icij I ar WK ri i ! y /* I> i kco verwl by 
chance, whih -^^ in the wihkr- 

npm m ffwt^ If^r'ji or Thomjh 

mu% thu itii|^n^-i 1114 Lvullitupo forthwith 

LiethFOned mT preceding bftoe-bam idols 
I— **itick^c«idyi*' lo^ng^fl^ "pipe»" v*^ 
tiilla cream, gura arable drops— «ad for 
fmn hia Wn the sole candy of my 
thoughts. Id spit^ of a queer cata]o^o 
of adulterate niattera from tiine to time 
diecOYcred, from the list of which in mj 
poi'ket-book I trauecnbe, via,, "cinna- 
mon ; pme sticks ; tiard coaJ ; cotton ; 
quartz rock; iand-^toue dittos eheap 
maple sugar ; coarse brown papr wads i 
gumarabicj India rubber (vuicanked) j 
lead 01^ J " in spite of aU, I am yet en- 
chained by the arotutttic fragranoej the 
inappreciable deiicacy of flavor, the to- 
luptuous mingling and melting of peifume 
and sweet, and — not bitter; yet no other 
word is BO near my meamng. By them 
I am enchained; and yet more by tlie 
tnysterious eali^hteumentand free^flow- 
ing balf-in^piration which a moderate in* 
diligence in the peerless sweet iH-eatheg 
over the intellect. 

But r must not dl?«ife so far. AU 
this time I am only banning to get 
ready to commence. The confessions of 
an American Candy Eater are yet ta be 
written. Perhaps, if nobody ste&lB my 
thought^ I may some time jierform that 
duty. In the meanwhile^ f faaTe given 
tVic immediate circumstancea which with 
me J at prtsent, are most favorable to 
rapid and pleasant writing. 

"Bad's the liest then," (Qmsquis 
ietiptUur,} On that point, QnisquiSj there 
are differences of opinion. I am doing 
as weU ns I can. Are you? {Exit 
QuU. refuted.) ,^ 

It was not undesignedly that 1 said, 
with quasi tautological iteration, " begin- 
ning to get ready to commence," The 
fir^it^ *^ beginning," is done. The second, 
*^ getting ready/' is an ea^curette into fer 
other regions of thought; for whereas 
preface No. L was a slate men t of alnaoit 
mechanieal stimuli to composition, 

PEEF^CE No, % 

is to be an endeavor to analyze and ex- 

ptaiu a pnncLp!e or group of principles 
which is or are to account for pleasures 
arising from the contemplation and nar- 
ration of subject-matter, such in specific 
character as the subject-mat ter of my 
midn diflcounse, vir,, youthful exi>erieii- 
ces, in tbemselvea of no great rarity or 
aignificance, but evoked into defmite 
gtatemenbs under the conditions con* 
sccjuent upon their long esciBtence within 
the dim rt?alms of the nctor'a memory. 
The Apecijic charui^ter of the subject, I 
Bi^y ; not the particular txiicriencea, nor 
thdr contemporary exterior drcumstan^ 

ces; but the intensified int^f^Bt attaeh- 
ing to tliem, when they art eallpd up 
through the mists that rise over the gulf 
of fidlen youthftil years— -seem 3« phan- 
toms of past delights, smilitig to us Irom 
" Cloudland— goi^geoua Ian*],''" across » 
di£tanee as acoeettible aa the ^rly etami- 
ty of God 

The chief caoBes of tbe pletsnte of 
which T have spoken are, I believe, two ; 
which I shall number and snbdivide. for 
the sake of lucid anangement, aa fol* 
lows ; 

1. The eotemporary relations to the 
mind of the events rememben^ ; under 
whicb I distingiusb 

a. The importance of my gtren event, 
as compared with the body <i eJ^perlenoe 
ab^Ady collected. Such event Is lariger 
in comparison with auch expcrieneeT than 
any following event ; and this proportlmi 
of excess increaaes aa the sum of «xpc^ 
rience anteriorly gathered diminii^bes, 
riz.^ towards birtb* And 

Ik The impressibility of tbe mind So 
that^ oontimimg to use tbe metaphor in- 
augurated in the word " inipressibilify,^ 
we have^ taking circumstances a aud 6 
together, the notion of a beavr mas^ in- 
fringing upon a soft body, and the resylt- 
ingidea of a deep impression. 

This completes the iHuetrative analyidfl 
intended only as to tbo di9finctnp»» of 
the memory. It remains to inquire why 
these remembranoes (if not ^jf^vons in 
themselves), when summoned into the 
court of our present thoug^hts, appear in 
tbe witness-box so decidedly to possess 
the favorable regards of the court, and 
testify so invuriably and so cre<libly 
the delightful nature of the matters 

For this also are reasons twain, via., a. 
The condition of the individual during the 
experiences in qnestion. Body and m nd 
arv (com para ttvely) pure and heallby. 
The elastic growth of the physical frame 
is not yet clogged or distorter 1 hy thephy- 
sjologicttl crimes — the errors and excesses 
in food, drink) garment, work^ play, regfl 
— the social eoreefies which so ©ft«i eon- 

jure up floutls for murtii' ^ -' - — faf 

the uoQutide, an<i titick ;l ^ 

for the jiunset, of the L ... ,.= ... kA 

in fit I ociis f J oy . A con st 1 1 u t io nal haji- 
piness is t!ms furnished to the mind; 
and the mnor light of thr ^lad young 
soul bathes all the obieclt^ atong ita 

b* A natural consequence (for I must 
positively call in my wkirmishtTs, und ad- 
vance tbe main body of my pa^ior) im, that 
the disigrdeiibb parts of <mr rceollecuona^ 



i hy Tirttie of onr yotiihJVi! power of 

I to sorrow. ' /irtiiJly hut 

(ynt iJBpf«n«<inii in r , with tho 

fplemlors nf onr h;i|'|nues», 0»d« 
^; so lh»t novi*^ wht'ti w« loak 

lA Of af youtli, 

cgd W9 gMB mil from ijnong the dini laby- 
of iBtrife and fe*il mnd Texalioo, 
«iikli our iiianhtKKJ has ao hnpfr- 
hmsam» mtmn^M and bewt, to 
_lhlau wliere wc went and c«me 
fe afc^ cod tkUf^t, iMsithtT knowing nor 

f%M« comitfl that odloQs Quisqciie •gaiii, 
1^ ** ilttip bnt rufgmr,*' with tn i|^or- 
In ■nporting tbftt "^ much roffle ° stft^ds 
te as mvnrM mtio, liotfa of quantity and 
Mliif » 10 th« ]in**n sn tl ..^tratma in which 
illalimiL n> 'a«t thmtigh so 

kifB « fste, til jty hchmd will 

a mat wad nm awa^ ; and mixe& up bis 
wilk ilMcml and inociheftfitt i^fcr- 
mam li» ^ tuoimtaiii^ *^ mad " mice,'* 

Tl» l)iitaqiiii I answer thn<( (ii^t «toop- 
ia^ lo raprd atijr clmr^*s ml (lion 

i|piB2^t )■ that i i\:\\\. writ- 

%mf n; two distmcl thaitj^h 

dMt tnstxjjbcs^ ^111 that now f ^ ' 
m thiril, haring ;> 
I with thfl Ptcir* i*^- '»- — 
i wbatctvr lo viiher of ibc for- 
rintDtltcror mannc^r. Thii^ 
r, t mermljr nj li> Ouii&quis, ^ kh 
[ "Cfttmft b« fiimd J *^ for between 
' tad cctc, th^rv tt somelhmg m 

B«ii sDW| having " tarried a little, thnt 
f mi^ mm as caiid tha »Qoticr,** 

I «fll wmrtfrr^, by ireammendng th^ 
I which I bmn, atiil of which I 
tba central idea, in the two 

ruMtsmi vo. a 

md L 

T)im9 wwa of two us *' 

ionna of lalo ^^ — a €</iiij«^ 
kaomi m ihal^f tniapr' 

0«r iktlgli ««!, an ma,, ^ 

Imtm^h^m «o^|ietiif«rl, lo ** tniint> ; " our 
HtmMkm aatikm^aiiil tbi^ imw aiiDw^t, 

pjdiih that time n^rocUd ^ ivrca^ 

Wy bdiw ^ I «t>4:»i waik to Um* 

luiar^ ob ungo 
•da, or iiw UtLifi 

pass same day^a b woodland i|)Qrts thcfe 

and thereaboula. and retura* 

A summary description of our prepaiv 
tion and outfit wd) not be superiluoiis, 
and may haptj help mmit adventurous 
pedestrian* We o^nsidcred^ theii^ Ibit 
we ought to waik ouj l\\\Tly mile* a dajj 
without trouble \ and inasmuch m Qur 
sedentary collegiate (aod rustkatc) life 
had thrown our h^ aiittle''out of draw- 
ing,*' wc look a course of preliuikmry 
train ingj which in my own case was 
hricBy as follows. I purclmsed the heftvy 
cowhide booU in which I intended to 
trarelj and (^ve them a terrible bMliDg 
with an ^rti tidal and water-defying com* 
pound, of which the *' great fundamental 
priiMiiples ^* wi^re India-rubber and tallow* 
Ttiem then, daily at fire k, m, I did indue, 
and the same fiom and after the saiil llro 
diddiligentlj propel orer distances, and at 
Bpeedi^ iucrcAaing fn>m half a mil© oa a 
moilerate walk to ti?o or iix miles on a 
good swinging trot of seven milci an hour 
Here [ will interpolAl^ one caution to all 
anteprandial exereisoa tuu. to eat a cmck- 
«r^ or half a slica of broad, or sometUing 
of that refreshing natur©, before starting. 
This little snack will marvdloufily fortify 
the .«>tomach, wbkh elmt would ofkn ylidd 
to the combined ejects of empttaef^ and 
fatigue^ asid so incajiacitate the enterprising 
nmiLMt bolb Aroin breaking luA fast^ and 
from forafortably doing his daj*a w<*rk. 
At lejLht snch \^ uiy cx^)crscnee» 

While 1 WM tbuBcoursiugaboul^ *^0Tcr 
the taonntain aucl over thts mo«>r," the 
b!ack*mtth add tnmkumkcr were prepar*' 
ing nie a knap^ck, iM\ my own plan, as 
follows. 1* A ^kekt^jn of stout steel 
wire, daiped togetlj>T at the comerH, 
where ci«cef»aryt ^'^ch in ^hape and Biza 
aA viould \^ fcrfinc^fl by adapting the wire 
to ail the rr/g^rj of a Wa ontf f'Kil high^ 
fourteen ineb%» long^ wid tbrv* mfhoa 
thick* 2. A cover of stout ruKJW't k^ath«r, 
sew 0*1 stroni^ly and tight every wherc^es- 
c^'pt acro!ii<4 one of (tie longer narrow sidct 
of tlie s!wk wbich served «3 a mouth* 
Uvt^r tbi^ the It.'aihern eoviT (Spread in a 
flap wlikb ftil wime wa>n over tb#i fur- 
ther etlgr, and wa^ fa^^tcuLd hy^ two abort 
Htra|^ to buekki newed Upon tbe oorre*- 
pmhng bruadKidt^ of ibis itadu liii«|;ba 
tt in that conilitbu, roiling npm mj 
slioulders, Hap and buckloK outward, ft 
Ld luatainod there by two other atrapi) of 
which each tii ucwia to tbt umr idge of 
tlml bruad4Hl0 of the knapiiat whlcb is 
aoj^t me, ptseca iorwmrd over the shouldtr 
on tiM «ame aide, down, aUll oa tJtw. luuft 


lomrer «dg^ of th« aaiae ndn ot ^tua Vglv^ 


Sick to wHdh it in ser«d. Cmi§-WlU 
«re a pkgue. The Back, &rr4ngc4 as t 
EftTC described, was dgimed aixtl dofftni 
moT« ejuickly than a jnck^itj and gat 
light 1 J and easily upon tnc. 

In this I stow^ my Imrdling outfit of 
cTotheii, atationervT and a f^w materials 
for nmking: coarse artificial fliesi. 

Siroh had >>ocn my preparations; and 
after dinner ont* tlay m tlii^ lie^nning of 
June, just as I was despairing of Harry ^a 
advent that dnVj and was arrftn|!:ing my 
fiiihing' tackle for a little sport in the Con* 
ncH-tkut, the doulitfiil &tf [)a of a stranger 
eanie e:sjieri men ting up the dark stairway 
which led to my room j a aharp knoc^ 
rattled upcm th« wrong door, and^ respon- 
sive to my intuititely welcoming shout 
of *' Comer' Harry ojiened, successively, 
into a dentist's aud an attorney's offices, 
tried the locked garret door, and ulti- 
mately, by a process of exhaustion, found 
and entered my roora, and greeted rao 
with a EicientilSc sophomoiic howl, a short 
war dance, and a violent shaking of the 

Our cofitl^iteis were wonderful. Mine 
wm as folbwa: blue check .^irt. curious 
antique coat and pantR, black glazed cap, 
finished with sheaih-knife in Ijelt around 
iraifit, HanrX along with mine, exem- 
plilied that unity in variety which is one 
of the remotest and least nppreetatcd* but 
moat satisfactory conditions of beauty — 
the VM>auty; at least, of arranii^mont* For 
gla^'d cap, read chaotic felt hat ; for blue 
check, red flannel j and with minor differ- 
ences, e- ^-T in the wrinkles of boot&, 
color and patches of garments, and char- 
acter of knapsack (in which last regard, 
thotigh I say it that shouldn^t say it, the 
steel IVarae gare luo a decided advantage 
over Harry), wCj like ^^ young Celadon and 
his Amelia,"' were ''a matcliless pair," 
That *' Celadon." by the way, always 
attiictcd me, by means of the notion lurk* 
ing about it, that fnend Thfimson meant 
to say '' Caledou,'' which i:^ a much more 
mouth fin tug word^ but failed, through 
ignorance or careleftgne.^s. leLiving the pre- 
sent meaching tri%' liable, with it^ asso- 
ciated ideas of celery, ctiiandiue, and col- 
anders — -fiirec as wis^h- washy and diluted 
notions as we Kb nil reudily hnd. 

Well, an hour ur two sulticed to \rrite 
a couple of IcIterH, to pj'ocure a certain 
antouut of doIIarB and of chan^, and to 
bid a brief and ^tern farewell lo my ditigy 
old room, to tbc busy vvt>rtJ ^>tjlow. tuii 
the pe/»pte generally in that ntjighborhoodt 
norje of whom, sn fur as my memonr 
KTves me, deigned any reply. We were 
tiie crnosure of all eyas — ft double star 

of the first magnitude — as we slr«>Ile4f 
down Hill-streeE to the staUoni in a very 
CaUfoniian styk, boot-ti>pR outiiide. kiia|»- 
sacks stung, sheath-knires sticking vi* 
cionsly out from our girdles, and ilshing^ 
rods in hand. 

We went bj raHroad or on foot^ without 
any very remarkable exporicufiea, by 
Springfield and Worcester to Menetlith 
Eridgo, at the lower end of Lake Wiimi- 
piseogee. We amused ourselves in a 
quiet way by entering extraordinmry 
names upon the bottd registers , and by 
talking together of our large Soutb*^m 
property, and of the many fearful sceDes 
through which we had passed ; rascmnt* 
ing flghU, bunts, and gambling aid¥«n- 
tures with a fluency and fiiluess of inci- 
dent and description that set the tavern 
loafers all agape, and produced a very 
deep impression upon the inquiring mind 
of one postmaster, in particnlai'. It was 
with sincere grief, as he informed us per- 
sonally, that he heard of our resolution I 
depart. And his sorrow was a patriarch' 
one — not for himself alone, but for 
community whose letters he handled — as 
if they all were about to lose welcome 
guests. Said he : *' We're a very intelli- 
gent community here — very intolligent. 
We're all fond of gathering Usseful infor- 
mation; and when well-informed stran- 
gers do visit us, we enjoy their company 
very much. Couldn't you possibly Stay 
a day or two longer 7 ^' We oouldn't^ 
possibly ! for we were wondering already 
how the natives could hold %\m enormous 
stories which they had swallowed, and we 
anticipated a reaction^ within the sphere 
of whose influence we did not desire to 

From Meredith Bridge we walked to 
Senter Harbor, and thence, aiter some 
days^ loitering around the lovely wateirs 
of Winnipiseogec, Squam, and Little 
Squom, not forgetting White Oak Pond,, a 
feeder of the last, and famed for great 
pickerel But henceforward I dial I not 
describe journal wise the daily coursa? of 
our adventures. I will only repn^duce 
the few sccnejj which are clearest in my 
memory, throwing them, for the sake of 
convenient composition and Brr»ogem(?ntj 
into short chapters. 


Wk undeft4>ok the asceni |^^ Mi ►i tit 
Washingtt>n, fjom Cruwlbrd" ii- 

mountmn path- Ti^il U-xn r 

and svt in pi! a 

,^de. We i'f ^ "X 

tin eup5| and a *iuaU i^ftiou mI iiMrnd 




Hmipalure .lifancly. An hotir or 

_ ^ ... .-„,.,^, , ,,,^ . — ,, _, 

to fh.j . nmtiiit uf Mount 

iK'l of the 

liilla, who 

' 8a€u iuid its air- 

; (;:niwfi»r<PH lioilMi 

^.., !^<i ami k^rjkoJ a^jout 

*n*^ «Ie**f) narrnw vnllt'r was b*>hiinl us, 


to|i of Mount Crftvr- 

(iii..;iTnl. Woni an4 
u. It had 

u ii^'ithuui other ^lii^G 

rjile aiMl white 

hiX'l, vtc dcU-rmincd 

uu Up the ritlgc of 

who \itkd climV^ed the 

" imc!e Cruwfljrd to 

lij ; down l}n' ulhvT 

tbrm >i 
a{) til thf 

^1H «!*►« |--- . 

#h^i 11 ' 

»I Vrt fl^ 

AfUT r 

Lif) t^k]r> 

•1:1*1 'jU u< w* 
\ n:n^ riiv*niiL;uii 

l.W« -*■ ^ ■ ^ ■ 
te«; iz>fet> ^ tiA 

■Uhii'tr ill r'V\. 

Hit, ^ 

V . ii«w 

T%mi »il v«7« U0< ijui turj 

Bat w^ ibftntfied aerotttf^ und went oow 
4njiJ (^iir V i-h ft 

plid J nq^t of Ih ia}«cll 

I i||4i anient, fiill of Uluc) ani tallefl 

l^BC ftcron one nBcither vt all 

^*- * "-^ - - ynity inlricatd 

%.i.M *..^- ,- — : V '**'* Fn?nch M»d 
ISA, ia llie jrev cuf ^aru ]7rj^, in 

Lot Ali«tT»*I]lltl*' a- lo' u:iH :k«lTail* 

: to Uni fttU^ ' Thm 

jiapfifi , » 'd a 


jump iWT^Jss. For nl though n ccftiist 
Swiss monk rs said to hAvvf JpmjHjd ntmrljT 
an fiir oviT mi iiTibridgt^l toiTenl, y^t 
thorc was a lacly in tliu r«se, wliicli eii- 
ooumgLfl him, lie was. m facV <*Jirrylng 
« dsriMw*! with whom ht* bad run off; ana 
wa* closely |>iirjiucd hy % \^riy of inqui- 
ring fricjid^^ who prQ|)osiHi to buvy Llifin 
ahvi5, littQT acnimg bis tonsure oil* with 
a hhmt knifi^, or i& tntkQ thcta uiKom- 
fortahlc in some othi?r good ortliodox 
way. The mcjuk, it will be perceived, hjyi 
grc*t iudnLVUKjuts to jump; and \m did 
jump, sTid that to (rood purpose ; for h^ 
gi>t Rafc off amongst the bills with his 
ew^K^thoart. and is there yet, for mil I 
know. But WW had for stimulus only 
the htmfa hofior of climbioi; Mount 
Wft&hrogttm, who looked at us without 
changing countenance, snd apptirt^ntl/ 
without mucli iiUoroRt. 80 Ti*tlw:tin^% wo 
resolved to climb unohtrngively duwn tliis 
sldtf of the chasm, anrl op the other j 
which we diii with the losi* of some part 
of our tingerH, and of the hugt^^t i>.irt of 
our patieoc*; ; for the c^hiu^^m lit^L^mwl (losi- 
tiYt'ly to have been put there to tmp us 
in parUriilar. Ilnvio^; tiow accoinplinbt'd 
this further portion of unr jonniey, n*w 
did not Bt'otn to have hnpro^LTd our (iros- 
poctF ; for wherCJis, Ijefun*, wo hud only 
% <:huMTu in front, a Hliort iniapectioo con- 
vincfirfl lis tliat wo v,\m% now ftO]jpliwti 
with that article all ronnd, exccipt where 
i ndgy and crtjoked ij^ihmu!^ ooanact^ 
our peninf^oU with a dozen or m of w^ 
cellaue^^us mountains, in a ■lit\tcti«>n nv^arlj 
opposite to that of our route. Our weir 
position was^ m a tniUtary point of vww^ 
e2C«vdinglj etroog; ifflpr^^hte, in Ikrt, 
except to heavy utilbTy on the ncighboi^ 
in^penkii; antl as we hrui no rea^ion ti> 
suppotse thatfiny ^M)t*'nUite eonU.'tuplati-«1 
mounting IrtttoriL^a thKreupon^ we rnkht 
coEuzider ourselves qmto »Afo« Rul tnii 
did not ftirther our main object. Our 
niilitikry po<;ition wan of no inora itjio to 
u* b aaconding >Iount ^VnAhli^ton, than 
i tuil is to a loTifh And wo now licjjjaii 
to rcf-^ive tt! s from otl>er bal- 

teric'js than ti 'hly iiow era, name* 

ly, from thor^ ui Ltii -till, wlio^^ ray a ftjll 
nj*i>n OR. uncouoUTarti'ti by any brwexe, 

V now for l1 ' ' '^^ 

I' IHH U> lb* of 

hmm Car * r&nfiil ** tiiij^hl h»'^ amy our 

fV L-TTi Itirrinl f%. i--%\r\u 1 lIimI xrriil I .lit of 

r wM ifch:ipe to 

our oori^^rtj k* 

kn«>wn an .' "^ 

M'Vtn no trt 

nmiL tlur ' 

Ihim cleur W c vtA-fx^ on ikv a|ic» ui a 

hill witli an entiru h<>rnrjim o< iwY.cfc<i 1^ 

aroinid u*, cut mad %^\\ *\i*tV \s% «^ Haor 

extricablo tangle of rast and precipitous 
ravines. Wou!d it not do jtisi us well to 
amuse ouraelvts by rollmg rocks down 
the tnoufitiiiii ? We thought it would ; 
and vnth considerable eiaTliou. dis^loii^ed 
two or three huge ones of a ton's weiji^bt 
or triorp. and trundlfd them over, Tbejr 
leajycd dcJWTi with verj little noise, falling 
from rock to rock with dead heafy thndSf 
and striking out sparks and smoke from 
every pomt thej hit Then we explored 
our peninsula, and ebristeued it Alount 
Washington ; an act of the same class 
with Alexander's solution of the Gordian 
knot, and Charle male's crowning him- 
Belt I think it was Charleniagne^— for in 
all three an arrojrant vet noble inspiration 
of gtjuios estemjKirized the fulfilment of 
an enter|jriBo otherwise impracticable* 
Then we rtisted a little j resolved sudden* 
ly, being rested^ that, after all, we would 
reach the ^*oi(/ original" Mount Waj^ihinK- 
ton ; reserving the ^^ original *' mount, in 
case of failure. And In pursuance of this 
reaolTBj we once more sot our faces to- 
wards tho odrn brow of the distant Al- 
pine king, and rcaumed our nur^ry^ 
rhyme progrefia : 

^H«iftwegDi]p,iip^ HI), 
Aad hfliP wo ftj (iow% doiro, dowi^y * 

Aad her* we §o ronsd lod rouudj?.*^ 

Down m the bottom of the first dell 
into which we plunged^ whicli, at its 
depths was just a narrow rtfl in the rocks, 
laid in great steps, all slimy with trick- 
ling water and slippery moss^ we found a 
lovely little spring. It gushed out in a 
bubbling spurt from a cleft under an 
enormoua ^^ boulder in »Uu^" as Harrj 
learnedly called it, as if it were sadly 
squeezed, under gr*j«nd, and glad to get 
out ns fast as it could. And moreover i 
comparing our wearintiSJV and the extrtnie 
h?at of tfie hills, with the fresh carthj 
Cioolness of the water, it certainly SL'emtil 
oolder than any we had ever seen. We 
lay down to it Out came the tin cops^ 
more welcome than golden gobI«it to Sat* 
danapalus or Bclbhuz^nr ; and we drajik, 
then and therei bt^iug ni a pf ofuse porspi- 
rution, lying upon cold damp stone, and 
under the chilled thick stratum of cold 
air that settles down in the depths of such 
nvincs^ fifteen balf-pini*^ of ice-cold spring 
water, I fiwallowing eight— two <^uarts^ 
and Harry seven. We qualitiei! the fool- 
hardy draught neither with tleliheration 
nor with brandy. The thirat of »nch 
climbing on such days is intcmse; and 

Jill- ' ' '^ " :■ ' ", ■ . : • ■* 


cupful! after cupfuU went itnisatbfyiiigl|' 
down tuy throMt until instantaneous re- 
pletion came with the very last swallow. 
Neither of ub feft my harm then or after- 
ward!*, but 1 advise no one to tempt th« 
water sprites so far i neither is it other 
than myslerioufc that even our fierfia^t 
hitalth and elastic physical forces did not 
collapse on the instant But alive mud 
refreshed^ thoughtless and thankless, we 
arose and went on. We strtiggli^ for- 
ward for two or three hours mm^ 
approaching slowly, but not sa^ly, to tJtm 
goal or our endeavors. We could see 
more plainly the great nits and gnllios 
leading up the scathed flanks of Mount 
Washington, and the laige snowdri^s 
remaining about his crest. We sat down, 
after a time, wearied and exhausted upon 
a peak apjiarentlj about as high as llie 
old monarch himself, not more tban 
two or three miles away from him, to 
rest and to gaze. We had risen so 
high that here and there small clouds 
were scudding along the mountain-side 
below US, and we even passed through 
one which swept by us — a cold transitory 
mist — on it^ windy chase up the hills; 
and the air, in spite of the clear bright 
sunshine was oold and piercing* We BtiL 
howeviTj in the Lndi lie rent stupidity m 
extreme Iktfgue, an hour or two, until the 
sun was well down thu we^item sky, and 
behind a great bank of clouds which had 
been gathering in the horizon* Then we 
came to the definite conclusion that the 
beet thing for us was to g^t back to the 
tavern again as soon as possible* SOj 
chilled, stiff, hungry and tired, we rose 
and attempted to return j but fell forth- 
with into un ambush ^t against us by the 
Princes of the Powers of the Air, which 
quickly rt*dueed the scope of our thoughts 
from distant enterprise to immediate 
safety. We bad been delighting oursel ve^ 
with watching the gathering of the clouds 
arxjunil tlie great central peak. Eddying 
and iutervolviug, vast fleecy hosts now 
deployed and manceuwed upton its inac- 
cessible flanks. Sometimes they swept 
on in long unbroken line, hiding all the 
nuniinit Again, they oi>ened out, and 
plunged down and away to one side or 
the other^ leaving the grim oM lutt: iii bis 
dark n^pose, ttlutii\ But this at 

display opera ttxl as a '*ncfji' in 

force." to occupy the attentuiii *4 ug 
traxellers in front, while the true and 
dongeroufi attack came u}n>n us m fljuik- 
As wo ptiZtMl hi deli^hl upt^n th** lhiok*^n- 

i. ixi' M.dit^ui": JviruiiLta 




iCi«ai4%lt* ' '1t^ ftliatlow, Th« 

■pnqnig' l^w c^cr ottr lieiM^ cmuo 
^tmibnrM th«^ lu^t light, and even ks ne 
l u lw d m iraiNler^ llu) woitdvr f^^lt^l in to 
ftar, W lh» maun W.r of ttn^ rlrmdy host 
rJifyrd topon tziu It w«ji a rMhl thk'k 
§t^l thm m]Ai»X md mluhst I ever fi-U i 
•MprnUrt-" « - '— » nrth littlo pur- 
ticW of im<< tijiiin mir tliSn 

ritji..,.,^ .... , '.d lis tliniugh 

|_llto«<»t^ ifi an innUtit ThJoker and 
it ri^'utrit i.:i-i, it! intennmttble 

irr s^trcngth. We 
iitr^ to follow the? 

«nd to |t^|M3 our 
valley of the S%cq by 
If of llw r*viiic«. We 
1^11 Nu iH^vnijf f*«L l'h<j dark- 
w^ mB Uie tttttfifell. tttometitly inat«^. 
Ottrlhll* besJ rcTOUc^tiocii Miring been 
i<ili<Wii1 Kvmy hy th© mist — thowmgh- 
If atiiat4 in m double senB^^— we hmi 
MB^ wri^ottan which w*y tlic Hdge 
Mi|«il ilavuwArilk ITiiviTiL^ fi>Ilowed it 
MM» dktiace in cnu* ^ lwI com* 

iw l« sii ijirwit^ \4T ' i that fre 


40 4U)i; o( 


mI wviil the oth€f 
i!'' tiijM.' to l>t' per- 
' we |tf*t fjurly 
mJ of our tir«i- 

■ r two croei 

■ i<ju^ prospect 
, *Xi4 jutt u 
. lost, fK^lder, 

BOKreti, than 

RiJM iJiurv 

^ImiMr ti 

«f«r* W« eoolil not now mh:* a stt^p ; tnd 
■ ww iPW M% hMl been for «n hour nuin- 
hiim^ aad civil fiUting^ frotn the wcjikucsg 

«lf MmoallNi &tip;tlCV Bui iai> fl<inrl Tinl 

flic m Vb4i9mn, fmi ^ i> 

of tW lli»t4d0Qd should r^ 

■trif on ila wbtto eculd wingn. 80 we 

«Mn lj«t«^ <Nir9efrf*4 hv qiifidnT]it><lAl 


r*to Av-jii^ L'tiU! 1LTJ14 iicmtch- 
mt. Mid ir^Ua^ tjmi fi>j^mrd into the 
f* ' li fitimKl lo fiTMA chMse ii|i)On 

IT ^ dfliii^ and pAlp«t*|c wu ie^ 

%w *ymp in oniab ctbor omUniiftHy, Wt 
m iMtJil T1U OO 1. •cmumtM Urir mid 
II I mii fbrtn otj kiiifl f<>r rhe 
, BM li|>oti <^wt\j droppjiig i^ 
I fiJt>itE>i* tiNiJcr it. liiat WW R tti^i 
UmI 1 V I aix inctim of »*^m^ pn^ 

CinMy ttfif 4 

the etige, or trM nEothor cour^ic* Omr 
how munj hundred llol of sh«M.T dcseeiiL 
I tnij hAvo hung b)- the slip ^KTy hold of 
one himd Mid one knei^ — qvit what divrk 
and empty dopthe, floored with edgt^d 
and pitiless ledges of teeth, of sharp pri- 
njeval slone^ I put out Ik ipk'f»8 hand of 
ftx>t into the (^hwitly glf^oin— T know n<jfc, 
tior do I oaix* to know. Bnt the hrlf*- 
les»ne^ of the unsct'ii ix^'etiire yet burdt^jj* 
my memory. It has often imtmtcd my 
r^ For years, if anj- slight diRfirdiT 
superindua^d n dreaming oonditbn, I waa 
in di-e^ins at interraia driven by eold 
mista or viewlcsa winds, through inter* 
minable chasms waited tip to heaven, 
where I saw that i^eokitig ^tuie repc^t- 
etl to infinity. Over every iedf^e would 
then be jmt forth a helpless hand ; point- 
ing to me, clutching at the thick mif^tj 
hohiing wide-jipreaii fingers atretehe! 
sttffiy out, sweeplnj^ slowly hither and 
thither^ vihrating: np and down in frantic 
mdecision; indicating dreadful variatroiit 
Upon the »aUtary theme of utter and dea^ 
perate loss and helpleKwneiiH. 

Sc we wandered ; nntil it hecimo efi« 
dent^ ae indeed it would huvc htviii b^ 
fore, if we Imri reaf> y, that 

we shou Id shortly I ^ r ly un - 

iblc tran to crawly and tihouid ihtn of 
iieceflKty Jky over a crag, or etiffen and 
die. We therefore felt abotit for a f*oft 
rock J and haTing found one which, if not 
iotually »oft, was at least rather smoother 
that! most, and mof^»over^a litth* pheltci^ 
ed from the wind-<invi'n Ac^t4*>i:, we 
«lept and vratched aJ tcTLial ely^ ui mif^T- 
able five or ten mhjute fenafclies, until 
some time in the Utter |iart of the r%bt ; 
fipending the tinn^ alloittHl to watch 1 tig 
in thnwhing Llie aruLS afjout, kkkini;^ 
H tamping^ and the othLT ilulefui mant^u* 
viicfl which tiivi UM'fnl in lighting airaiiiKt 
BtTcre cold an* 1 overpo werii s e < 1 1 * ■ «> h 
nct^tL At h'^\ after an indi > 
tity — it ifii^nu «o &r IB my p^ f 

the pUiOM^ Oi time waji €i>ui . 
bi?i^n % w«ek— of wretched | 

waking^ tW iMt detneiimcnt oi tU: drr^U 
Ui] f(i|( #cudd9d Of^r u>L 'Tim mmm sad 
stars shone out, un ' '14 and wel* 
come to Uphold, < d tlie ro* 

malnder of our bny^jv, ^iiniuionrd thu 
rvnmindcr uf our liriviijjih, and resamiHl 
our la^t 1^'^^' "f "' ning out uf th<' tihhui* 
tAJiL"* by hv Ikll of the visitfr- 

CimtXcft, ■ ■ -iT with rii inr iid]u 

and rrtudi iUi: s 

a iii>UK', kliiUi^ wht%^ W^4)(»L nH wn 


West Point and Cadet Life. 


fitumbled, sometimes in shadow and 
sometimes in the uncertain gleam of the 
moonlight, but free at leaat from the 
doa\1Ij cold and impenetrable darkness 
of the terrible frost-fog. 

Our scheme was successful. After 
several hours' wandering, we finally 
came out, at late breakfast-time, upon a 

narrow meadow in the valley of the 
Saco, a little above Crawford's House. 
A day's rest 8uffice<l us to repair dam- 
ages. As for Mount Waehmgton- people 
who want to ascend it, may. For my 
own part, I don't think it any thing to 
boast of. 

(To be Continued.) 


I BELIEVE in mountains » In elec- 
trician's phrase, they are " sharp 
points " which gently lead down to earth 
the sublimities of heaven. They are 
G Oil's standing protests against mammon 
worship and all other calf idolatries. In 
the deep and benevolent recesses of crea- 
tive mind, New York and Wall-street 
were surely foreseen, and thus came into 
existence the wondrous beauty and sub- 
limity of the Hudson valley, with its Pali- 
Farlis, Highlamls an<l Cattskills ! Had 
G'd thought as AVall-strect thinks, Ho 
wuuld have made no such vast tracts of 
unsalable land so convenient to market* 
Mr. Croesus wouldn't give '''that^^ for a 
hundred Dunderbergs and Round-tops: 
indeefl he thinks quite contemptuously of 
the mountain-maker for such a thriftless 
waste of ground-room. Poor Croesus! 
he should study the phy>iognomy of Dr. 
Abl>ott's dried cats, if he would see a 
physical type of his spiritual self. 

Most profoundly did I believe in moun- 
tiuns on that beautiful day in June 184-, 
when the steamboat Albany bore me for 
tlie first time past the frowning steeps of 
I> utter Hill and Crow's X '<t. During the 
previous winter my studiuu" ^seclusion at 
a reputable country academy had been 
suddenly invade<l by the tidings that a 
cadet appointment, unsolicited and im- 
dreamed of by myself, had actually been 
issued in my unknown and humble name, 
and that this weighty summons demand- 
ed instant acceptance or rejection. Now 
be it known that my nineteen sober sum- 
mers, spent in miscellaneous farm work, 
had revealed to my consciousness no clear 
jnspiration of martial fervors, nor was the 
*iuilitary profession clothed in any senti- 
mental fofidnations for my rustic and 
quiet tastes. But I procured a copy of 
t:iat modem edition of the Institute of 
Lycurgus, known as the Military Acade- 
my Regulations, and soon mastered this 

elaborate code in all its Draconian severi- 
ty. Overpersuade^l and with many mis- 
givings. I at last decided to accept ; thus 
hoping at least to become well educated. 
Then came the sad severance of sacred 
home ties, and those stirrings of the inner 
depths with which Youth launches forth 
on life's tossing ocean. The stage, the 
canal-boat, the railroad and the steam- 
boat, in turn expended their energies in 
accumulating the long miles which sepft- 
rated me from home and its ever-<lear in- 
mates. From mother to stop-mother was 
I journeying, when first the rugged gran- 
ite walls of the Highland gorge frowned 
down upon my eager eyes with that cold, 
hard Grown which they have worn through 
the last four ages. Break-Neck Hill. Bull 
Hill, Butter Hill and Crow's Nest brood 
in silent quaternion over the peaceful 
Hudson, as if in some mnemonic reverie 
of those Titans whose giant strength clave 
asunder their native union "in the old 
thne before.-' During this dream of the 
ages, a scanty investiture of scrub trees 
has " mellowed the shades on their shaggy 
breasts," and the dark licheas, in. hardy 
legions have encamped over the bald 
rocks, blackening their primal fcldspathx: 
blush into the similitude of rude, unsha- 
ven monarchs. Unused to mountiins in 
my gently undulating birth-land, I gazed 
with fluttering heart on these silently 
speaking Memnons, so reminiscent of that 
primeval dawn when the sons of mom* 
mg sang* their chorus of creation. These 
rugged battlements rose before my mind 
both as moniunents and as . s^'mbols. 
Their severe, unchastencd outlines, their 
unimpressible, self-collected granite rigi- 
dity, their seeming consciousness of a 
mission knowing no to-day nor to-morrow, 
their sublime aspirings and deep down 
foundations ; all spoke to me of that now 
visible Sparta whereof I was about be- 
coming a -conscript son. Thus Btricken 

Wnt Ptmt ami Ctidei Life. 

with swe did I lre«d Ihat shore, smoe so 

We^t Point is^bont fiflj-throe miles 
Ikmi Xoir Yorl^ on the we^t bank of the 
EmitROD, It consists of %n irregalar mngle 
or ^Obil^ elbowing the Hudson into the 
cuire of it^ entire naTigable 
A plain of about 160 acres, ela- 
ov€r 13<} feet above the riTer, crownjs 
pOfDt, while the limiting bluffi fuid 
laoiiung doim lo the water's edge offer 
miaj beAntSal dtisteiiiip of folmge nnd 
entloaknig p^miite spurs, to greet the river 
f^fpi^Bt* On the pl&iQ is the Academic 
lE&U, the Chapel, Hospital, library, Cidet 
Bmy«ks. and Mess Hail, the hoiLse^ of 
fh& Professors and officer^ and the open 
area for mihtarf e vol a tioas. Under the hill 
lo thie northwi^ lies the quarter known 
li Cafiiplowa which consUts of the sol- 
Pitts' barracks and the varioas emalJ tene* 
by the motley academic 
of all minor degreeSL In the 
or to the west, the plaia is shut in 
\f a T^sip qT hills. Mount Independence 
btiQf just ahr^^and weanng old Fort 
IHmiani as its headrdr^s* About a mile 
«f^ Redoubt HUl ri^s still higher, and 
bitwveti this and lordly Crowds Nest winds 
^ valley threafled by the Canterbury 
vmA, Across the nrer m CoasUttition 
hiiod. crowned with fort ruins and the 
\aam* of Qneechy^s authoresi. Fort 
HflBt goingry is about siie miles below the 
hmi, and is apoessible by a deltghtTul 
iwiti^ joltings excepted So much for 

liow a word, partly of counsel^ relative 
te Ci4ct aKKntitmeiit& ^' How can I bo^ 
«■• a Caoet T *' is a qaestion very prone 
toirisi in a "young Americanos ^' lubd 
vlniittiTed by fifes and G»tber& Brieliy 
thoL For each Congressional District 
^ C^et is allowed^ whose appointment 
ipietjcally in the gift of the Represen- 
titne tn Cofigress from that District 
Oontioigjeficitt eonsidertd, a vacancy occurs 
iboat onoe ^ three year^ for each district. 
^ ^t^m<t) your appoinUnei^t depends 
Mj on thm being a vacancy ibr your 
Itoick lad secondlv, on your worthy or 
ttwynhy M, 0. The President makes 
Mvi appointments at large each >-ear^ 
M |Oa value your peace of mind, do 
bopi to he one of his elect. And be 
<yn mufeiihw on any score, for it is 
Ikit dcuiog the ]Vf (!xican nur, nearly 
'lOOatfKl applications were maile 
A ifinglt 7^1% ^ ' remember cor* 
AMimtslmeots alt come from tho 
of War, to whom a formal ap- 
ihould be made; but your M, 
i^ly •elects for appoiatmont. Now 

a far more vital qtits&tion for you to con- 
sider is whether you are^l to be appoint' 
ed Of ninety-sd]c Cajiets appointed in the 
class of 184^>, only twcTity-fivc |rradnaii»d, 
and generally onfy from a half to a third 
of those first appointed^ *'d<:>lf the Cadet 
to don the Brevet'* The Surgeon's ex- 
amination often aignifies ereiint for a 
doFjen neophytes, and as mwiy more ex- 
hibit such idiosyncnicies in rea^lini^T wri- 
ting, orthography and arithmetic, that 
the unsympathidng Academic Board 
quietly remands them back to citizen^ 
ship. Then comes the January ejEamina- 
tion^ when the algebraic wrecks are con- 
signed, in f€Arful numbers, to the^ paren- 
tal underwritt'Ts, So too in June and 
January, even to the last^ the ill-bfillasledj 
the weak-helmed, the mal-adapted. are 
singled out from among their stouter (el- 
lows, and with stem justice are banished 
from seas too rough for them. The mar- 
tial aspirant should consider the*e thinp 
before becoming a Cadet, and remember- 
ing well that Gudetship is no more holi- 
day training, no refmed peacockism. but 
a four years of discipline to bcMiy. mind 
and heart, severer by far than any other 
educational couTise in our land in to I res. 
But if a sentiment of vigori>us manbooil, 
a courage patiently to endure present 
trial for future good, and above all^ if 
an orderly seal for intotlectuat culture and 
hardihood are living foets in his nature^ 
then I know not how elsB a youth cao 
become a> much a man, aa by a West 
Point e<lucation. 

I cannot but feel an involuntary pity 
for tlie new cadet who is just landing at 
the old wharf, where a sentinel i<^ in wait- 
ing to conduct him to tho Adjutant's 
oiHce, there to record his entrance im ho 
knows not what — small and great tribu- 
lations. The poor fellow. has just left the 
endearments of home, and by a rapid 
transition has now become a stranger 
among the mighty hills. But. worst of 
all. instead of receiving kindly hospitality , 
he becomesi for a time one of an inferior 
csMite, towards whom too often the tinger 
of deri^jion is pointod, and over whom the 
fourth class dnil^ma«ter flonrLshes with 
too snobbish zeal his new-born authority. 
Onee. too, he was deemed a fair $ul)ject 
fur all kinds of practical jokes, often cj^rse 
and witless I which disgusting hvathen- 
ism. Heaven be praised ! is passin;^ mom 
and more under ban, and in now, 1 be- 
lieve, laudably loathed as uugentlt:mauly 
by the cadets themselves. Then, too^ to 
he called ''a conditional thlng/^ "« thing," 
isid ^a plebe" in slow prom'»tii'n ; to be 
crowded Jive in a rooui, wi(h \h^ Hoar 



W'w^ Point and Cadet Uft. 


and a blanket for a hcd ; to be twice or 
thrice a day squad-drilled in "eyes right" 
an«l '• left face/' in " forwanl march." and 
in tho intricjite acliievcMnent of ''about 
face ; " to 1m; drummed uj), anfl drummed 
to meals, and drummwl to bed. all with 
arithmetic for chief diversion ; this is in- 
deed a severe onleal for a yoimg man 
who is not blessed with p<»od nature and 
pood sense, but with these excellent en- 
dowments it soon and smoothly glides on 
into a harmless memory. 

Folks are found who contend that 
AVest Point is a hotlxMl of aristocracy, 
where caste ami titles rule. It would bo 
plea.sant to exhibit to such an one the un- 
unifomietl new clitss. jiresentinp a hne of 
about one hundi-ed younsr men of all 
t3'])es, at least in exiernals. Side by side 
are seen the tlabby Kentucky jean and 
the substantial Yankee honicspun, the 
ancient lon&^-tailed hi«:h-collare<i coat of 
the farnier's boy. and the exquisite lit of 
the fa.-ihionablc New York tailor. The 
hands mure<l to work danjrle in contact 
with the unsoileil tinkers of a riiplomatist's 
son. or of the jK»ttetl scnon of an F. F. V. 
After the examination for admis.<;ion, all 
these exti'F-nal distinctitms vanish, and 
the Ca<let (Quartermaster receives in store 
a most .siii;jular as.«ortment of ejnicice. 
Jolly Billy Tooten ! I wonder if that vivid 
green coat in which you so outshone tho 
very beetles, still exists in that all-re- 
ceiving, naught-surrendering receptacle ! 
From some chance rumors, I much fear 
that times have since been when poor 
Tooten has nce<lc<l that green chr3'salis of 
hisshort-live<i plebeship. for very warmth's 

It is surely the fault of the President 
and M. (.\s. if the Cadet appointments 
are aristocratic; and examination into 
the antecwlents of several classes of cadets 
have actually shown the rever.*^ to be the 
fact, as determined by the circumstances 
and oivupations of their parents. I can 
conceive nothing more truly democratic 
than the total obliteration of all hereditary 
prestige which characterizes the academic 
administration, and the social opinion in 
the corps. 1 have known two President's 
gramlson-;. two profesesoi' (ieneral Jack- 
son, several sons of Si'cretarie.s. and other 
high functionaries, found deficient for the 
simple reason that they were deticient; 
and I have known heads of ex- 
alted ab aratrOj simply for their superior 
merits. Before mo lies a little volume 
by a Vermont farmer's son. who success- 
fully competed for the h^dship of his class 
with a talented son of Henry Olay ; and 
this but illustrates the real course of 

events in this respect The.hii|tory of 
the Academy consi.stently and uniformly 
shows that class stamHng is governed, a& 
far as possible, by actual .proficiency and 
conduct This, I conceive, is the cardinal 
feature of all decent democracy; and« 
nn)reover, it is at West Point only thai 
this simple principle can rule educational 
policy, since elsewhere the distinctions of 
wealth and station cannot be absolutely 
bani.shed or neutralized. Thanks to their 
common pay. their miiform. their com- 
mons, and their n^gulatcd barracks, 
cadets must fare es.'^entially alike. Their 
pay was originally .^28 per month, but 
(feneral McKay, that veteran higgler of 
AVays and Means, succeeded in clipping 
$4 per month from their short ooat- 
tiils. with the natural effect of loading 
graduates with debt, if th<^ have not 
wealth or wealthy relatives. Thus a bine 
light of democracy has almost made 
we;ilth essential to' cadetship; and noir 
that roast beef and cadet's gray are so 
uppish in their tendencies. I see not how 
a poor \)oy can go through the Academy, 
without incurring an indebtedness iu 
some i)rivate channel, which must operate 
sadly to his after detriment Cadet pay 
ought now to be, at the very least, $35 
per month, to maintain that broad and 
mvaluable equality between the represen- 
tatives of the various social strata whence 
cadets are derived. 

After three or four weeks of squad drills, 
and the safe passage of liis candidate ex- 
aminations, the " thing " becomes a full 
fledged ''plebe," and assumes the Cadet 
uniform. Happy day on which he sheds 
the motley l)adges of his rude probation, 
and when the last black coat vanishes 
from the daily marches of the gray bat- 
talion — that " liery mass of living valor, 
rolling on " — to tea ! Cadet's gray is a 
peculiar fabric, well known in the realms 
of dry-gooiisery ; and its color is such a 
felicitous average of all the besullying 
contingencies of real life, that it never 
shows dirt, even when threadbare. Ex- 
cellent solution of a mighty problem! 
Long may it remain untouched by inno- 
vating zeal, and may the bell-buttoned 
brevity of the Cad*et.s' coat-tail never 
cast shorter shadows! The calculus of 
variations has of late l>een freely applied 
to the army uniforms, Proteus acting as 
tailor general. Hence we say, with feel- 
ing and emphasis, eslo perpetua of Cadet's 
gray, bell-«hapcd buttons, black cord, 
white drilling, and all. But alas for 
headgear, if genius hayo no better inspira- 
tion in reserve I For full dress, the Cadet 
first wore a cumbrous scale-decked, bell- 

ir«l Point and C^dtt Lifi. 



. Um fJro- 


tt. For 


[■■|. r^p, 

('Htiti the 
3y to b- 

fHA •- 

'— Titur 


. 'TIS 

ti wtiii . 

. . two 

silkiV llAlblMMi 

lur trns- 

1Bi»4 «1ikd) iii n 

III wbjeh 

tmsnA ikil to ^: 


4 foe. If 

w U«fikM^ wad ' 

I'l (tiitjii giMJcr- 

<WfB BM^ be lo U If h*\9u1eil, or Im^* 
itrtor Kcfitnn* need it a new chapti^r. 
tfiiliiM ' uud 

1^ r^TTKi. f\{ CmUgtM osuafly nuniWrg 
Aaml '- is oriptikcKl into a Imt* 

Hilim ' iiifHuiM ail utlic^riHl by 

Ghd^lK. Uvi»r Ui«a« ut thi« Coitiiimiid&Dt 
<l CmMjs a Itnc&l &nny caplain, who b 
te knuMalmlc miiituy hoiul of this bfti- 
yim » Alio fotir Ijh/la] Artny IttiuUmanUi 
the four wiup»uto!*, as A#- 
kl loitriietctrt of TacUcb. Ttie CtAkt 
fr^ cUm fiiraiAhftA tho miui&ite Cadet 
fifilMina and lieuu*tiatits; the second daai, 
Ike tmsanU; and ihn tliird daa% ibe 
anora&i whiJ^i ail otbrr imtleta (four 
•mt oAoBTK ex(Vf>tc«i ' ■' Mniincrimi- 
mtiitif a« {wriTAif^. > art.* eou* 

diid«d bj Ibartii tir > ' CadeU^ 

Mpratljr Uia oorpart uy dnitd, 

bf ikii AiiAftLuii iliMi , Tai^tKii; 

m hMitaliua UnlU, by the Commnndant 
■C CaiMfiy c»r an a- L^tatit Iti ordinary 
nft^ai^U. in tf> moalH, &.c., lli« 

Qidiia4B^f ilf^vm. Thm orga- 

tjiitimi tir> ; instrtic- 

fkan, ai^l <jf cani|> 

ifid Iri :i*jry m- 

ibniet^ and for 

iraif ■ rii i j ut^uniuc^u. i^pc^ri&j nrraii^oenta 
tfe iirdmd, on ib« bicia of cIiim and 
ciaw rank. 

Iliilv^m tbi3 S')!!! aiid 25th of June 

itei ben^ pttdiad on i of 

1^ filaift' Tlia aaatii h I ad^ 

li«r llni ctaw barinf^ ^tu aid 

I^ff4 dii< Uatig ti^it-* on ; Jirid 

iM llie elaMRi being did v pruui^juii then 
<nnn ffif fittfftr. *>rn"T> tt/v pubhslied 

1^. I, ¥aj:atinK all 

lliii u^iiJuJL'nKULLi; nkLLlt urikniprurokc 

fliich ft s; ' uibles^ buckeis, chuira, 

trmiks, 1^ ^U\t to i\w now viM::itjt 

nocitiitiuii ! iju^, ihat a firm of Mny m 
OutJi i!i, I-; . .uiparattvely tame, jn Con- 
grt.vHh>util pinna*?, the '^ wasp-w»iMt'd 
^aiiipyif^*,*' in txunnntu^ of caryatjdt.a. 
crown ihviT head*; with tiibles, antl, si(j;h- 
lag ftjr urmtLuiiiabk* wbf*?! bjirmw-s, work 
on with sudi vj^ir i(kit in iwo nr thjic« 
hours the ban >u U-hI- 

stvaxig^ ftud a- ' . on tbi 

gun-rack ii, Belbre brfukUist, thts camp 

impound id latiJ oiit^ and the t«ii(^ i^n^ctei, 
>y the qtik^kened diligence of thmr ftitur« 
ooinpant^ At the indicahH] hour Uio 
algtiat soondii. the oompaiiiea afv formed 
and tnarcbc-d into tm pmmdw ground, 
when the batlalioxL with Ihu band play- 
ing and colors iinwled, marches to its 
istiw home. 

The encampPMot consists of dgfit 

rowsof teut& two to ear^ ^'^vopLin- 

ing on four ^tjtDCls, or v.. < niJuU ; 

and a broad afetm?? ronb :, „.: ecaira 

of t hii caiup. 'rht« t^'nU of the oompauy 
ofili>urj%, and of the hu^tructoni of TactScSr 
ait! pil*!hed opfKiuite th«ir rc^jieotive Cijui* 
pani<?.s, ind Uxq Comiaanilant^H ntarqu^o 
h placed conlrally down the broad avenue. 
The guard tents^ llirc* or four in nombert 
we at tho opjiosilij eod uf iby camp* A 
chuia of six or ci|:ht sentint^lsi fiuminn'k 
tht camp ground day aiid ni^^bu Urn 
guild coD£iat0 of throu reliefs, which walk 
post in turn, Uirou^b tbo tYrt^nty-four 
hour«u for which each guanl in delailefl. 
Thi^ detail is drawn as ctjiiitably us pon- 
mhW troin ilns four companies, and guard 
duly ivcurii once tii froni ibn^c to fife 
day A, nmkiiij^ it real I y quit« biird work 
for thoM; not inurofi to it. 1'hat direful 
sound of the oorpond, pounding on the 
tctil lloora with tlic butt of his tnusket 
and bawliny:, "Turn out^ ^ecuml reiiaft^' 
tears mnitt irightful renUi in tbt» blasMd 
garment of sIlh?p, which st^ltleji down so 
Kvutly on th*? p<Jor weary plebi?^ while ha 
dn.>ame( of h«>nie ind mol!«er. On waking 
to tho hard r^nJity^ hi* rubM hta trei| 
snatch^a hix mindLet^ adjuAta h» cartrijga- 
boac, and quietly takea his |ilaca among 
the elgbi m«rt)'n$. 

Whoi thu n^hof \st didy luar^itllad, il 
k marcbfd bv i'- ->^ .» .. ...1^-1 th. u^^ 

of pOJKlS^ Cll*'L IjO 

lougwi*for Lli*i<_ _., _L : Uo 

cutuoM Ibttrv P' UK though he thought 
thi;ni U^tm mannoA at h^Mt TbsOQr* 
poral rcsipondw, " friend^ with the tHJuntcr* 
8tgn," whltdi cabal Ntsf wrif! *>fin;r d«?- 
inandwi, ibv our| w ^rrt ' tit 

it ov&r ttm imui ' \ 

wbcreuiMiii, htt lO tiai:a \\x v 


West Point and Cadet Life, 


o«ti»cm. that the latter quietly yields his 
P"^t. und Tails in at the rear of the relief. 
'liiis rouinl completed, the eijrht i)atriot3 
-ctk the solace of the tent Moor, stoutly 
hopinjr th;it the otficer inchai«;e will keep 
his rlistarrc, and not require a turn-out of 
the iiuard for moonlight insiwction. Walk- 
in i, post promotes meditation. To pace No. 
5 on a bright moonhght night, when 
shallows mottle the di>tant mountain 
slojK's, and seem to sleep undercover of the 
crumbling ruins of old Fort Clinton, 
when steamboats arc rippling the glowing 
waters of the placid Hudson below, and 
kK:omotives are dashmg wildly along the 
mil road across the river, when the white 
t*;nts glow softly, and the quiet stars 
Arna tiumblingly; there is m all this 
en«iugh to stir whatever of tender mo- 
ui«)rics. high pur])osfS. ambitious longings, 
and rellntd sensibilities, may dwell in the 
Sv-ntinel's deepist nature. Or when a 
sultry day hius n>unded to a close, and the 
>torm spint has pile<l up his black cloud 
fleeces m the Highland gorge, and on the 
eix'st of Crow's Nest, when the rush of 
ballj^ comes, and the glowing lightning 
ftLlully reveals the snowy tents, wildly'ping in the rushing blast, as if terror- 
sLi lekun at the deep rolling thunders, and 
tlie quick alternations of vivid light and 
Solid darkness ; scarce can soul of sentry 
be so deatl, as not tlien to be moved and 
awed before sublimity so transcendent. 
To be roused by such storms from sleep 
under a tent ; to see the very threads of 
cjinvas Hash into view, when the burning 
lightnings leap through the air above; 
a: id to fancy the electric arrow speeding 
to the bayonet points of the muskets 
standing at his head ; this is among the 
cadet's magnificent experiences, and quite 
compc-nsates for a wet blanket, or a 
deluged locker. 

During the encampment, there are two 
daily parades, one at 8 a. m.. and one at 
sunset, when the corps is drawn up in 
line, and the band challenges the voia*s of 
thf hills. Besides this, there are three 
diills of an hour to an hour and a half 
long, one being before breakfast, one in the 
f.)i-enoon. and one in the allenioou. Some 
of the classes are practised in the artillery 
manual; some in riding and fencing; 
and the first class bcjiins artillery, reci- 
tations, digests, pyrotechny. both theo- 
retical and practical, and fires heavy guns 
and mortars. To ride around a ring an 
hour and a quarter before breakfast, with 
stirrups crossed, and on a hard-trotting 
horse, gives, in my judgment, a clearer in- 
sight into purgatorial mysteries, than can 
be derived from all the creeds and cate- 

chisms. Our riding-master was so far a 
hom(jeopathist, that if ring-riding chafed 
us raw. he kei)t us ring-riding till all was 
well again. Perhaps he took his idea 
from the scratched eyes in Mother Goose's 

To the late Joel R. Poinsett is, in great 
part, duo the honor of pi'ocuring horses at 
the Military Academy for instruction in 
riding, light artillery, and cavalry prac- 
tice. When, at Palo Alto, Duncan so 
splendidly illustrate*! the power of train- 
ing anil skill in giving effect to this arm, 
he unconsciously asserted a claim on our 
national gratitmle in behalf of Mr. Poin- 
sett. This statesman apjjreciated, as 
Secretaries of War are not wont to do, 
what were the real defects and wants of 
our service ; and his wide observation and 
knowledge of foreign services, enabled him 
to know and apply the legitimate reme- 
dies. The value of the West Point in- 
struction in equitation and light artilleiy, 
has already bwu exhibited on many fields, 
where it -'saved the day." Surely no 
head with brains in it, can fail to see that 
the good management of a light battery 
requires great skill, and long training; 
nor can its great efficacy then be reason- 
ably questioned. So it is with most 
branches of military service, that requires 
special knowledge and training; and in 
war, moreover, the mevitablo result of 
deficient skill, is downright bungling, 
and the useless waste of x human livea 
Hence, we say, thanks to Mr. Poinsett^ 
and to any other who, like him, eflectively 
fosters military skill, and takes care not 
only to know the old order of things, but 
to foreknow and pre-form the oncoming 

In a military sense, the cadet is a 
warrant ollicer of the army, occupying a 
sjwcial grade from which, on graduating, 
he Ls promoted to that of brevet second 
lieutenant, just as a heutenant is promoted 
to be ca[)t:un. He is under the rules and 
articles of war, and in several instances. . 
ca<lets have Ijeen assigned to active field 
duty in their grade. His education involves 
a contract obligation to serve in the army 
four years after graduating ; and in fact, 
he remains during life continuously in 
service, unless dismissed, or until he re- 
Bign.s. and his resignation is duly accepted 
at the War Department, The result is, 
a body of highly educated military officers, 
and the preservation of military science in 
our midst. NapoltK)n called the Poly- 
technic Institution, *' the hen that laid him 
golden eggs;" our Military Academy, 
both in peace and war. has given many 
golden eggs to the country. Without i^ 


Wui Pmni and Cadet Lifi. 


cmxls mad plus ftre loos^^d, and the kut 
gathered mto the terjt ixjIob, which bn? 
boifittd out and Sio atLmiied, thsiL at rhe 
third tap. all the tonts instautiy go tlo^n 
in coiict^ri, and woe to any " uniurk v^ Jo«" 
who fails to conipktc the proKtintiorj al 
the moment The tents are fMv4 and 
piled; the compftnitfs are lbrnit»d. and 
taking thdr stacked anns, art iiiurchi>d U> 
the parade ; thecoininanikDt then inarchiJS 
the hattdiciQ back to the barmck parade^ 
and the encampmetit is no more. 

Turning now from these alight sketchet 
of the caiiet*s military Itf*;, ht iis dwell 
somewhat oii hb academic ar student lire, 

The cadet course of studies is of four 
years* duration, and four classes compose 
the corjts; the finst class being the one 
highest in rank, while the new cudets eom- 
pose the fourth claag. £ach cliis.» is 
divided into oonTenient sections of from 
twelve to twenty J for initruction in cich 
of ilM special branches of study, the first 
cadet ou eaeh sioction mU beiu-^ itn S()uad 
marcher, and beinji^ huld rL'spotisible for 
ita attendance and depi^rtmeTa. The i\*- 
dtatton hours are wjundod by a l>ugle, 
when the sections for the hour nn' f >rmcd 
at the ban-i*cka, their roJlsare LullL-d.and 
tbcy are marched to the ^^t^drTnic Hall 
by ihcir so vera) heads orapiHii nmrchtra. 
The laeftiou instructor is thert- in wui ting 
("^r rwitatjou* and on r(>C4nrtng thci r^i|uad- 
marcher* p^ rt^j^iort of attend uti ^ :ii1^ 
tbrc?* or more cadet* to the • 3, 

tu di8CU!N<^ tbt' prt^pumtions lu .,.,.►.,., 
to eat^h, tor which por|>0!se they jish-i .| 
to place their diagrams or al^rbriLiL 
aniily.>9is on the board. Another Jsi called 
up and qut'Mtiotied on the iessoUj until one 
of ihohif at the bojird hi ready, who. on 
being called^ first enunciates the proposi- 
tion to h? diiscuf^'d^ then gives a con- 
dt^^riMud anal y HI R of the demon^itration or 
<liw t . .1 then gives the fuO demon^ 

hXth- ^ton^ del 1 neatiou , or descr i|> 

lion^ «i[[i ssmtjt reft*n?nec to h\A analyais 
or rhiii^TaTii^. LiiKt of all he rcjvchcg his 
•■''A then hi^ invtruntor 
him on >iuch jitkiiIs as 
mitted^ and Oh Mibjt>ctA 
th that difjcus-sed, Tlie 
method of rwitation in nioral 4<cleno», 
law^ Ac.f where bbekhKiardj^ are not 
u><ed^ h clo}<ely analogtm** to thr rahnxp. 

It ^ilt W »ii<en. that thr n 

fiyiitciii |>roceedji f»ii the hypoth< . m' 

t^det under»i:iT)ils his Icjijion ht:^^icluitid 
i'he Jtjfltrucror'n fimriioii* jlti* niLli»'r to 
mnke utire of tht' radit' sul 

irctirate knowle^lf^e, tj> 
oit^oci^ and to amplify w vn ' ^^\i.»ms^ 
|Hi«rtcMrswD;»t Ummeomlf tlw conmr than dlivctljr to U^cb Wvm €lvi^ %\i\i^<.tf^ 

BT irouH hav* become mtiother 
I iMBivlki, whcrt a depravcti eM- 

\ vaMf aad would, ipiartcr iu im- 
Kfteogvi-A and plac«^begging 
t BikttJ It would bocorne an unt<n* 
ilcDdi in the national nostrilsi 
r kid pfttnomagi} m far debasefJ our 
Bt, aaio L'ri«>vi' hTI lHMtL->it iiitriot* 
and ircrc '' wy, and 

iiriiiii torn. U> aistoin* 

hm 9» MM pi»^ a prt8 of a 

Imm aifffnoftn aI prver^ion 

M fmtj warfia, Uuuj> liir better, were 
Hfttncis l4> dihhand them all and \pnv& 
hmikmmtgta<:$m\&\m ci' ! as 

Sooold. Skill txmld in 

UDorpbcpas i|egTvgit£^ ; w i l ] l c ^ >o : I tical 
voi^ SdSbie itself lK>m them 
tb^ whole *-^' - ^tic Such a 
nai)t» littiiferto c' ' ua hope will 

MiIIk rvftllxsd ; L^. : kt ua trust, 

Hat aMfl Utt Ul«fl«»d day when wara shall 
tmm, tkiQ and oducatAOn may continue 
to W dami^cTtatica of out- army and 

AbMif tli9 28th of Ailgust the encamp- 
mmH b wiij:it to bo broktn up^ and the 
tmf$ jmiKTtm to bAiracka. An illumina- 
felM «f tJai camp usually takes plaeie on the 
It i» broken up, and the 
p <if the *" stag dittw*' are ex- 
tbe parade ifrouiid^ with a 
fita«ty outdoing an Indian 

Tkuyi ctir 



. . .iinp, li 

raotc eailetji, 

I andles etuck 

j: thtfir move- 

1 ratUc of a 


In thf Mt*n time, Hiu prac- 

j leave U'lut 

nt. And miike 

tof tLtarvi-H-f iii 
iMtt Ikb Qfl^Sv liii 


Tbt uoevnf pfi 
ni lh» lentu 

4 tie. In ihr ' 

Q. K. 1*. f 


he hm feiJ: 

Iff t^t 

Tty of the cadetn 

T'^r. kl^f*.). 1=: rarried 

a hour, 
Lo their 


air '_it>\ irni-^'^ fl(l,'J LUO 


WvMt Pmni atid Catitt Ufk. 


mfttter of the lesaon. He mlso enfiiroei 
that orderly und lucid exposition and ar- 
[ rangemenL which make knowledge Sjrs- 
tenaalic, connected, Jind commnnieable in 
the learner's mind. lU requires a©- 
cum^cy of liingniw^e, no*! the observance of 
certain recitatioQ forms, aad of section- 
room decomm, matters far more impor* 
tant tn educ«.tbo^ than they are usuaHy 
OOnceiTed. Three sides of Ihe section 
rooms *re black boarded, or rather the hard 
finished pi Altering is painted blmik, for a 
breadth of some fire feet, and a trough for 
chalkj spon]^es. scales, ind pointini? rods, 
runs alon^ the bottom of this blackboard. 
Each cadet writes bis name over his 
work and when called upon to recita 
assumes ^Uhe position of the soldier," 
until he wishes to refer to his work on th« 
boardj when he does io with a pointer- 
It is a matter worth some trouble and ex- 
ertion, to ensure a becoming persoo&l 
deportment and style in recitation^ and to 
BUppresa the vague, nerrous gyratiotiSj 
rockiitgs and fumblingSj which too often 
deform the manners of undisciplined 

The instructor marks each recitation 
according to his estimate of its quality ils 
referred to a scale of valuation ranging 
from threOj the maximum, for perfect, to 
zero, the ininimuroy for a total failure. 
Experienoo gives great accuracy tn tlie 
use of this scale, and probably two expe- 
rienoed teachers, recording mdependently^ 
would in most itistanoes agree within a 
quarter or a half. At the end of eiit^h 
week these marks are aggregatc^d^ and on 
Monday, after dinner, the cadets^ esp^ially 
the doubtful ** plebei?,'* crowd the hall of 
the adjntimt^s office^ where the weekly 
class reports are postetl, eager to see the 
ofBcial estimate of their doings during the 
last week, Uappy the successful, as- 
piring geuiuSj who sees in a ^Mnax for 
the week," a cheering asfrurance that he 
will be " amongst the five," or posfiibly at 
the head of his class ; and wretched the 
poor weakling who sce^^ a bng line of 
BfmiQetricat scroj^ proclaiming ore rotun- 
Jsy that he is clean doft, and, beyond per- 
ad venture, "homeward bound.'* The re* 
citation marks for the wliolti course aro 
aggregated at the Janiurf and Jmie ex- 
aminations^ and are mainty decisive of each 
cadet's numerical standing tn tlmt coursLS 
The custom of frequent and thorough t^ 
views prevails ; each individuars success 
on the final or general review being criii- 
rally observed and considertyi in makmg 
uiit the tiUndjiig, as greiil«.'r weight justly 
alUu^hits to the Unal nnd iHTmuncut eon- 
f/ncfii ufm Cf>nr%e ihun to (lie earlier rt^:i- 


tations, Th« flnal examinatioQ also hit 
some effect. By combining all theae «1^ 
ments a definite order of standii^ is oiadt 
out in each branchy and a general Atanding 
is deduced after each examinatiai^ from 
the combined gpeckl sUndinga^ inolti " 
standing in conduct The gridn 
standing is deduced by eountuig all ^ 
standings of the several courses, eadl 
oourao entering with an estabHslied 
weighL Mathematics, philosophy, engi- 
neering and conduct count tlireo huad^ 
each, as a maiimum; while chemistry, 
ethics, ^., oonnt from two hundrt^d to 
one hundred each, aa a maxtoiam. The 
aggregate numbers from the special stand-* 
iiigs of each cadet of a clasa arranged in 
descending order^ give their dais sttuidii^iL 

Reoommendationa for the several army 
corps and arms are governed by the order 
of graduating standing and ahsct the priori- 
ty of army commissions of the same date. 
For the corps of engineerSj only the high' 
est graduates are recommended, and 
frequently too. none are so recommends 
ed; the order of reoommcndationiS it 
thns : Corps of engineers^ corps of topo- 
graphical engineers, ordnanoe oorp^ ar- 
tillery^ infantry J dragoons and mounted 
ritles^ As a csonsequence of this acar 
demic system, and becanss these reoom- 
en Nations are uniformly acted on, eacb 
cadet is the keeper of his own de^tinie% 
so far as his capaci^ makes success i 
ticable : tlms he k most efiectively stin 
lat^i to diligence and good conducrt, 
well by his hope of higher army rank and 
of a choice of corps, as by his strictly in- 
tellectual atnbition and personal character* 
Some cadets regard tho academic course 
as a crial to be end urfd for the purpose of 
gaining a commission,, while others more 
jiiKtTy regard army life as an obligation 
to be redeemed in payment for their acar 
demic education* 

The element of conduct which enters 
with such effective weight in the gen 
standing of cadets^ is chie% a reiulft of | 
numerous milii^Tj and police regulat! 
AK petty offencc£i and delinquencies, \ 
as latt* at roll call, rusty belt plate, j 
not blacked inattention at drill, room not 
swept at a sUited hour, using tobsooo^ 
neglect of duty or of study.' and nnmy 
others of like quality, are all n.'f>ort«d, at 
lisast in the<jry, anti if no sufficient excuse 
\% rendeiefl, a ^xprUnn number of demerii 
from one to eight is given for each, Stand- 
ing in conduct rep;uita inverAoh fronj tho 
total de mint, and lh«j prr ' ' u-t 

s iMid in g in V li I vfK a I ] i - he 

four years* A cadet i^ ,j,hip,>/*?vm whta 
he reoiivfii over two hundred dement m a 




|«ir lad Bonthljr nfwrU of ^tmnding tmd 
mndmei are imikrl/ Mmi to the {>Arcnt8 
ejIvirtlliAtoftvli oid«i Tbese drctim- 
( pwm m much iiQpotUtif»i to or- 
aoodiicC mil tJw tfoidftiMS of de- 
•« to matkr biirlil / dfectivA th^ 
§ti^pmMxj iTft«tn lb us E^u/uimmK thaa^h 
ft b ttcii wttiioiii fwrioug <tbjt«f:ttuu» and 
MtMUim^ cwjieaUitjr in foe tile ot mtiim* 
<l bttldtf^ Tm ttwiMiimty reciting on cideta 
of ffC|iiirlixt|^ tbeij- fclknrft, tiid crini their 
ioaMo«lc% U ofba highly dJ8tfr«0«bk, 
aid ^rxfdmsm %i lEmva violent rutchings 
^ a a ttaei a mja aud of frK5Ddshi|i 1^ i*i, 
lavavflTf hjr - f ' y«)>t5aril, ami worn 
iBiiljr aelad irtAinlv r»r U-tt«r 

Imi mr fr.. .r,; mw known, the 

IVJT llUiOf fktih and firttii^ beton^ng 
l»i^ vamXlf raiuliing in much eudunug 

na cwam of miUiGiiiaLJes extendi 
cKk fotmh afid liuftl dass yetu^ 
thoroufhly Uught It em- 


wiBaB paamatfj, trigotiometryf algehra, 
i M Bf > |it i^ gmoiKiy, iliailtta and ahiid* 
iivi^ pmwpme$ir^t anaiytit^at IC«oni«trTt t^^" 
ftnmial and intc^rnl cftlcuiiu) and aoi^ 
tctte, T)m te^i-bcMkts iiMed aro thorn 
mmi t)%^k% exwpt ibtj uwlyttoal ga- 
' awl oalciihii* of Pnif ' ' - ' his 
aa Pmfi>Hsii>r <»f k.^ 

I kj mn ami J affleiM . for 

i d«tY, Frot Chiiit:h i ng 

jmny qoou t-owRril« .,.,,, _^ tbts 
; lack of ifiatheitiafM'Al tnUmng ainonr 
la^ A bailer tfi^hcr in evi^rj souse oouJd 
mmmty be (mmd^ than thti tiTacbna, In- 
aii^ fftSin»t and t*<^rwfTering rxpoundar of 
like aeMiea of ^naiaity. He k unsur- 
plMed m ibo baf*py ffif*fiky of cU'i&r ly 
CTMiilliirafiiH^ k i <i\d of furirt' 

iPK MI Um exact i iTimUy m the 

tmd I of 

i ifwt ; ihe 

^ La irtmugr .1111 i^n. mlum'j tO 

tSft and Ia VerrieTj ha* 
1 tliat cnathcfnatical siipeftority 
peonliarljr remark abli^ in the 
had «f fHtoUHoa and fi kTi in n s TK ri t s vh* 
trt^wbkli akioa h at 

Wot Point bam Ibum itc 

I pra-eaiiiBeQoi»* ' ■ >in- 

al TOrth'vfn ami i ■'itja 

. reform Mtill 
ltd one which 
iri'l bwti car- 

int trcro 
. .liy F. K, 

aalvi^K, ii .4 

Umi aad fnHSitalaa, 
«fc i^lusheiitatt- 
MSnad bj (^*, 
ef angmoara, firom . 

Alden Partndjre, in 1813 ; by Andrew 
filljciitt^ trom 1813 to 1820; by Mai. IX 
B. Douglass from IS2«) to 182:* ; by Pnif. 
Charles DaTic^ from 1825 to 18347 and 
ainoe then by Prof, Albert E. Chnrck 

Thecofirse regtitarlr snceecKiftig matbe^ 
miitics, in order, is tnat of natural and 
exfMTifneniftl phiiowpby, wliich rmm 
tbrou)^h tbfi iw^cond rlasM or third yciir ttf 
cadetshifk. It embraces njw^hantfw. op- 
tion, aooustios. magnetism^ and «Htronofny, 
Professor BartU^Vs Mii^banios, Optio*, 
and Aronstirji, GiimTnerp^s Awtmnt^itiyj 
Rnrl Bavis^s Magnetism bt'ini^ n^d aa 
lejtt books. Matbemftiic?* an? !>tjMstantly 
applied to the p^at physical problem;^ of 
this course, and arc tnade tbti fiiniiliar 
tooU for thi?rr discus^iDn and Rtlntion. la 
aouEid m«cbanical bstroction, we aro 
sadly defidient, a» a nation, and on thia 
department of the Military Academy baa 
hitherto rested a targ^ feaponsibility fn 
laboriiig to meet thia need Otir kw good 
piby Iliad uiTeiBtigators owe much to thia 
oOtirse, yet fkt too few ar« tho«e who 
oome forth from iU influence both fur- 
nifibed and eager for the high pursuits of 
pbiloiophy. The living Boui and spirit 
of philosophy^ Ihe profound conscioyaneai 
that grandeur and noble d^gns lie ein- 
bodie<i in material nature, the glowing 
spiritual torch which tinea the train of 
philosophic re^'ATx^h, and aniroatOi all 
vigorouzi iiide|ieudent clfort8 more deeply 
to fathom Natuna'i Htorchousc^ ; all tW 
we fear is crn&lied out by the rigora of 
routine mstrncttoin and of mathii'iiiaticil 
prt«etfiioii. Tt> une mathetnatio as toi^la^ 
Vfithoitt becoming slav<m to th«ir ainitiyn- 
tieSj to 1^11 the lionl itself with thi' pdetjo 
glories and ituJiiirationR of eternal nature, 
to gather in all treaaurea of knowledffis, 
a§ I of further p^' ' a 

iji i> mind for prosii i- 

ral piiuv^^j|!:n of Uie highest t) i-t. v. lu^o 
the rigoraof mathematical analyBm should 
not be aljatod, an acecsi of more gun id 
faith and hope in nature^ m th« vawt »alj- 
gtanlial entity, ought to \m i iihiv;itiMl, 
&nd ttith it that gi^uuine en: if 

rci4etirt"h which is it« legitimn- ^ .r, 

Tho Mditary Acwkmy can and oyghi to 
oontnbut4< more than it vi?t bt^«hme Xi> tliia 
kiiwlly (bnU*rihg and glowing |iur?iijit of 
gpeneral nauirai philoauphy : let it give us 
movt^ B^iilit'^ Norl^tOitf Mitcbclfi^ and 
ilviloyst. l*rt»ffHaor Bart|(>tt, who now 
til lis U*e ProfrHWjrhbtp of Pinlo*iA>(.by^ ** a 
man uf hijjh ttttainment*. lb' bn* 
mtrtir '^■' -"■ p<?d tlMi great iualh»'n*jini'jil 
tn^1! F resetf^ and tin* ^ttiud 

fouu :.».... prtnespta ot iiv^^WuL^ioaX 
aaenaa. In pract:)^ aalrui^^iuv^ W m 


West Point and Cadet Life, 


al«o eive academic instruction in Scott's 
Infantry Tactics to tlie first class. Shonid 
the OMirso be ext<'nfiefl. they niifrht with 
jrrcat advantajLre pive lossons in military 
law. a hmnoli now wliolly nejrloctod ; or 
thoir suhjwt nii«:ht enter the ethical law 

The dcivirtmcntof Artillery and Cavalry 
einbra«'es instruction in li;:ht and heavy 
artillery practice and tactics, in cavalry 
tactics, in ridinjr, broa<lswonJ and fencing: 
exercises, and its duties are distributed 
throuLrh the entire four years. The aca- 
demic course of artillery embrac^es t!ie 
light and heaVy artillery manuiil an 1 evo- 
lutions. Thiroux's tix'atise on arlillery 
and lithojrraphic notes on iK)w<i(rr, cannon, 
|»n))ectiles and pyrotechny ; theory and 
practi<re l»einir admirably combined. In- 
struction in ridmp, broadsword and fencing 
praclux*. is so ditl'used throuj;h the perio<l 
of acjidemic studies as to provide healthful 
exei^nse and physical training: at all 
tenns ; an advantage of tlie highest order, 
even as a means of promoting that general 
mental liealth. requisite for intellectual 
success. It is much to be hojK'd tliat 
still greater j)erfection and amplification 
may yet lie given to these physical ele- 
ments, and that higher sftecial instruction in 
estjibhslieil scientific and practical artillery 
may sn<in be established. 

There are two annual examinations of 
cadets, one l»eing in January an«l one in 
.June. Uoth are conducte<l Ijeforo the 
Aca<lemic Board, and a sjwcial Board of 
Visitors, appoint e<l by the President, at- 
tends the one in June. These ordeals are 
strict and totally void of the ordinary ex- 
amination shams. Third class cadets look 
forward to the end of the Juno examina- 
tion with a peculiar interest, as they then 
'.;o on a two niontlis' furlough. This res- 
pite, falling midway in the four years 
course, is the only leave of absence from 
West Point which marks a cadet's entire 
;:areer. Two years of confinement past 
:ind two more to come, result of course in 
some furlough exhibitions little creditable 
to cadet character ; yet much extenuated 
by this long inexperience of free life and a 
consequent extravagant relish for this 
brief enlargement. The sudden eirerv( 8- 
cence of release soon sobers down into a 
more rational and manly enjoyment. If 
the course should be extended to five 
years, as has been repeatedly urged for 
excellent reasons, two cadet furloughs 
ought, by all means, to be granted for the 
better renovation of the family, social and 
civil afiections of the cadets. I f the six ty- 
two senatorial cadets should be added 
to the corps, as contemplated by a bill 

which has pa^sscd the Senate, this would 
so increase the battalion as to remove the 
chief objections to this second furlough. 
Presidmg over the military, academic 
and financial administration of this institu- 
tion is the superintendent, detailed from the 
hi^^her grades of thecor{>s of engineers. The 
chief eniiineer has from the first l)een in- 
sjii-ctorof tlie Academy and charged with a 
sjK'cial care of its interest and well beinjr, not 
only in Washington but at AVest Point. 
He also details the su})erintendent. This 
system has reMilted in giving the follow- 
ing list of sui>erintendents. wiiich to those 
who knovv them S]K'aks for itself: Capt. 
Alden Partridge, from 181,') to 1817, except 
a few months of duty b}' Gen. Jos. G. 
Swift ; Capt. (now Bvt. Col.) Sylvanus 
Thaver, fi-om 1 Si 7 to liS'io j Maj. (notv LL 
Col.) U. E. l)e llussv, fnim 1833 to 1838 ; 
Maj. Richard Delatield, from 1838 to 1845; 
Capt. Henry Bix'werton, from 1845 to 
1852, and livt. Col. Kubert E. Lee since 
that date. The real and efficient life of the 
Academy began when Col. Thayer entered 
on that disthiguished career of renovation 
and bold organiziition, which through six- 
teen years alike honored himself and the 
rising national school. He has since been 
continuously in charge of the Boston forti- 
fications, and still remains in full mental 
vigor at Ft. Warivn on (leorge's Island. 
He found the Academy weak, imperfect 
and low in itsre(piisitious; he lejftit strong, 
thoroughly organized, and in its requisi- 
tions not inferior to the Pol^'tcchnic School 
formed under Nai>oleon*s own master 
guidance. Col. Thayer had in Europe 
thoroughly mastered the subject of mili- 
tary e<lucation. and had watched the 
armies of the allies in Paris with eagerly 
critical eyes. Unequalled in our service for 
the extent of his military reading (unless 
perhaps by the brilliant Col. McUcc, of 
Fort Erie renown), he was pre-eminent in 
purely personal qualities, lie analyzed 
measures, motives and men, with a clear, 
almost unerring insight, and he never 
shrunk from acting on his deliberate views^ 
in strict fidelity to himself and the highest 
jwlicy. Uniting decision with courtesy, 
authority with justice, knowledge with 
consideration for ignorance, strictness ^vith 
wise leniency, he seems to have been bom 
and trained for the ycry post he tilled. 
AVith Mr. Calhoun's ixowerwl aid and 
ofticial cooperation he rapidly gave shape 
to the young national foster-child, and 
triumphed over countless obstacles and 
difliculties. . There is something truly 
touching and beautiful in that watchful 
interest which he feels in the triumphs of 
his nurture sons, and in the deep emotion 


WfMi Point and Cadrt Life. 


with vrhich he heard from Palo Alto and 
Ke«.VM fhi- pnmd rffutntiftiiortliDM' fKiltrv 
a*|vr*s«»ii* of -liis Jmivx" in whirli <lcnin- 
gnptu-^ an«l liini'liThfU'ls had so lon<; 
niihU"»>ly jndiiliriHl. 'Yhvavt - Jmjvs " 
havf u^titiiNl tiu-ir grateful upprmaiion 
ol hi> ^TvnH-s. Iiv prtHMiriiiir W fir's lint* 
port mi I. mid niorv rLivntly hy prvM'ntinp: 
an i-io^aiii swnni. 

>|iai>' tort»i<is our following out tlio 
pario Uiriie hv tlie kucci'nvivv su|K.*nn- 
lrn<l<*ni*> in hnn«:in;r tlie Academy lo its 
prt*-4 lit ur^anic cundilKm. Sutti<v it to 
«y all have done well ; not resting; 
ronlfiii in Mi'in;r '* tiiat the repiihlic re- 
OPiv»*«i n<i deirinient.'' hut nriivcty pninio- 
lin;: it* pMil. as Ikh'ouu's the dirtutors in 
the U'r^t I'liiiit nnlitary niirnMMisni. it 
\xMs nr\cr ^M-en our fortune to know a 
iiM*n' noh'.i-MiuliMl. hiph toncil. f'on*:iiierate 
tD'i '«'ruptilou< iiii'Ui than (*ol. l^ee. the 
prr^*iit >u{iiTinteuiIeut. whose hrilliant 
irr\i<-es under <ien. S*ott in Mexiet) 
l^nKiMl hiui no degenerate son of t[ie 
heme mniniander of the *■ l*arti*i:in l.e- 
ptiM."* Tiie sii]ieriiitendent's rMn('tif»n<( 
iTf very vari<ais and of vital ini(Ntrtaiuv 
1*1 the Academy. He presides over and 
■iiniini«U'r.>» the general ami >(MMMal iinan- 
fi> of ihe in^iitiitji'ii and of eadets. j:ive.'4 
din^tKin to iniproveiiH-nts of the | anil 
of the academic eiMirM-. is the tinal ilis- 
ri -nary ollii-erof thr etirps and ini'-.t. jin>- 
*■'. •— ihe n«'n"s>ary <ietaiN ot 111^1 riirtdrs. 
C" ..•i»i« t-. a v«i,iniiiiHiii*ot!iiial iiirM'»>|MMi«l- 
KTi^". and I'.^iji"' ail lUMMifnl ortler^ f«»r the 
da:i% fitidiK t lit aeadeiiiie and niiiitary 

Ihf Military Ai-ademy has a iNTuliar 
an<i ri!;:h.y valnaKh- tiatun' in the preva- 
Irtit -_\*ti Til ul" driaJliTiLT army oMiiers for 
t>R' in^tii'tion 'if cadfi''. 'Ihe u^iial de- 
ta:I !• a* loliow.-. »»u*j««"i to -.oiiir vana- 
t)on«: the ."^iiiM-riiitiiidi'iit. 'J otiirers m 
ihr Kn;nri<*«TMiLr hr|i.'irtiiiiiit. .*! in IMiiIomi- 
ph\ 'i III Mathviiialic^. *J in rhniiKtiy. •'• 
:n Ktii !«•••. - in I»rawini:. 4 m I'raetiral 
Kni:.n»-<nn;r. .J in Kmn'li. .*» m Intaiilrv 
r^tir-, 4 III Arliiliry and Cavalry. 1 A'l- 
jutant, I >iir/»-tin. an<l 1 A-*i>tanl Sur- 
jeuh ; li-iiiz .-> in ail. Th'-M- i.lli<-ir'. an- 
a.nio*t wiMi'Hii e\i'>-ptioii «;'»ol in»»true- 
:».r-. and ihry aie jn tnni ;:Mally in- 
■>'TMrU-i hy the hi •••**>- 1 H»'i o| tea»'hMiir. 
lit*: -_\ -tini is i.\n-ili-iitin alway** kiipiiii; 
•h^ A«a !«-iiiy jkiriiii^ and \il'««hh|v. while 
!l.i-a!lii\ > leaveiie-l h_\ the hlirlier pro- 
jn-— in «--!Hni'«' ihu^ unmL'lit niit ainiiMi; 
• :* Mtliiir^. Mho are in tiiin' M'tiiriied to 
Ui'-ir tnid diirif*. To tlii>. cadi't*. o«e. 
Ill pPiii i^rt, lie- i-tli«ienr_> ui ihi-ir phy- 
^iral aiei mi ulai traiiii!i<;. as il is fndy hy 
detail* that -iieh ]Miwerlul and nioNvunt 

formative a^ri'iicios could Ik; brought ti) 
lienr <»n their eduration. 

The piihlie hiiildimrs at AVo.«t Point art^ 
now excel lent on the whole, thouirh of 
course n«»t unohjectionahle. an<l thouirh 
fiotne crying defieieiicies still remain to lie 
filled. The new (.'adet Barracks com |m)s«' 
a nohle gneiss eflitice in the KhzalH'than 
style, witli towers, kittleinents and ein- 
hrasun'.-i. The AcadiMuic Hall contains 
the n^'itatiftn and drawinjr-n»oins. .the 
|)ictun> irallery. the caltinets of Knirinwr- 
injr and <;eolo;:y, the Laltoratory. the 
Fencinp-ronuis. and the present hreak- 
iieck ridiiiir hall. One or two Cadets 
must U' killed outripht hy da.«^hin!; amoiyr 
the columns of this hall. U^fore the IIoiis«' 
of UepreM>iitatives will .s4.>cond the ofr-n^- 
IK-^ateil Senate appropriation for a new 
ri<lin;r hall. Why <U>es not the < 'hainnan 
of Ways and .Mi>ans himself ex^xTinient 
on {HTriiSNitin and the relativu lianlness 
of liead> and |M»>ts. hy practi.«iiiii; a few of 
the iiilereoluiiiifear pallojis lndcmiriii;; to 
the pH'MMit cadet nmr.s**: the pridi;ihle 
n-siilt wiHild he a "new ridiiii: liuH " 
liiiiiip Oil his spiu'ioiis cranium. The 
neat and conimiHlioiis chniiol contains an 
appropiiate »lle<:orical paintm«r hy Mr. 
Wiir. The Ijhniry hiiii«liiur has a tine 
location and an iiii{N)sini;ap|H*araii(T The 
Lihiary phiui is so spaeious and airy that 
it is useil for the e.\:tminations and for 
winter «'ointTt<. It confains a valnahli* 
siKi't 1011 nt iH'ar l.^MiHi volumes, and in 
mii'li n-ed hy iiniirr-* and Tudets. tlnHiLdi 
it> ii'.;ii!;iti«»iis Inck lilN-rality in re^p. ft !.» 
tne latliT. The < Jh«.i'rv:il«»ry ocinpu-s 
tliin- tiiAi-rs. with a tine transit in>tni- 
nieiit and a lar^'c mural circle and an in- 
dltli n-lit eipi.ilniiiil. The l'hl[H>.opliii*;i| 
i-aliimi .'ind Iniim'-ronm. and thi* ollii-»'s 
ol till- Sii]«*riiitindrnt. and 
(^u;iMi r-.Masti'r. are in this hiiildiiiL'. 'Hie 
luw .Mr-s-liall N a tine ami coniiuodioim 
I'diiiiT. i''iiitaiiiin<r In'^-idi'S the cadi>t ctim- 
iiion-. pKiiiis for tin- tdllivrs'me» and the 
purvewir'.*. house. The llo>pital is pleas- 
uiii.; Iniati'd and well conduc'ed. thouirh 
iiss |Hrtirt :n its arramreinents than the 
ni'w -Ml.iitTs' Hospital alCamptown. The 
Siii'ji.ii :iiid .\s«.i^taiii Surireoii livr in 
till* iiii.pii.-tl wiiiL's. and it i> no fault ••! 
tlieiis It" silk radtls tail to 1k' conifort- 
ahi«-. The Wi-.l I'liiiil Hotel IS so lM»;nitl- 
tnii\ aii'i •-onvi-nH-ntly JiN'ated thai inuiiv 
visitm.. pnfir endiinn'.: 11 «; iintanu-d wait- 
er- and imiiHi n-nt <'«»'.ik«-ry, to luinu' a in ie 
hi'iow th«- roint at rii/zciis- ]Inti-|. Kipt 
hy the distiniruished pnhliean of th it 
ii iiiH'. 'I In* rnil«s»i»i«.' hoiioi'^. the Ar- 
tillery l.a)*oratory aniJ storehoiiM'. thi 
dra^'tHfii stahiivs. i|u? ( 'omniis>anes' store 


West Point and Cadet Life. 


the band and engineer barracks, and va- 
rious minor tenements complete this ai^ 
chitcctural inventory; but time ought 
soon to add a new riding hall and a con- 
.sidera)>Ie accession to the houses now as- 
signable as quarters for ofHccrs with fam- 

Space prohibits any fitting exposition 
• •f the early and revohitionary history of 
West Point, Arnold's treason, Washing- 
ton's residence and head-quarters, Kos- 
ciuszko's engineering, the various forts or 
batteries now crumbling and cedar-tufted, 
and tlie twilight or historic dawn of the 
Military Academy from Col. Pickering's 
first suggestion to Col. Thayer's consum- 
mation. In vindication of the necessity 
and value of this institution, the sanctions 
and comQiendations of men like Washing- 
ton. Madison, Jefferson, Calhoun. Jack- 
hou, Scott, with the uniform testimony 
(»f approbation Tone foggy instance ex- 
cepted) bestowea by boards of visitors, 
often selected from avowed opponents of 
the Academy, and the high praise award- 
ivl by foreign critics ; these may safely be 
trusted against the rabid attacks of lio- 
loving demagogues, hitherto more than 
oiico in full chorus, but now hapjiily 
quiescent. From the battle-fields of Ca- 
nada, Florida, Mexico and the Indian ter- 
ritories, from our railroads, canals, river 
:ui(l harbor improvements, fortifications, 
••oast survey, land and lake surveys, west- 
(Tu explorations, national disbursements, 
A-c., a quiet voice of good works by her 
sons vindicates the glory, honor, strength, 
integrity and life-worthiness of their 
hill-girt alma mater. The Academy costs 
yearly less than a frigate ; yet even old 
Ironsides has not accomplished so much. 
The navy is now rejoicing in the prosper- 
ous beginning of the kindred school at 
Annapolis, for sad experience of its need 
lias taught the best men of the navy to 
prize it as we do our own academic eyrie, 
it would be pleasant to narrate how 
cadets amuse themselves iu camp, in 
barracks, and on Saturday afternoons ; 
how literary societies have failed to pros- 
per among them, not excepting even the 

Dialectic ; how West Point society is and 
might be; how fashion and sentiment 
have '*come down, like a wolf on the 
fold ; " how ej'es grow languishing and 
hearts grow soft as beauteous youth bo- 
guiles fledgling heroes, whether in gray or 
blue, along the mazes of " flirtation walk ; " 
how the seasons come and go, the winter 
in white, the spring blooming with hepa- 
tica epigea, saxafraga, azalia and laurel, 
the autumn in its gorgeous and many- 
colored drapery of foliage, and then the 
lichens blackening the leafless mountains, 
and how the band, the glorious old band, 
wakes melodies of exquisite spirit and 
charms the sweet voices of the night 

The reader well knows that I love 
honorably my alma mater, and wish all 
true Americans to foster and maintain 
not only her existence, but her health 
and vitality. I too have faith in the read- 
er's wisdom, justice and liberality towards 
this good cause. War, I abominate, the 
more because professionally obliged to 
know its honors, and because many tme 
friends and honored acquaintances have 
been Floridian and Mexican victims ; a 
pure and gentle-souled room-mate met 
death with a smilo at sad ^lolino. But 
amid the passing complications of the na- 
tions amid the extensions of a growth 
like ours, I fear that wars must come, 
and the more surely if we neglect mili- 
tary education and the warlike muniments 
of empire. When Fisheries, and Cuba. 
and Sandwich Islands cease to agitate 
the State Department, when Europe has 
solved its Eastern question, and when 
Russia rules supreme- over Europe and 
Asia, or shares power with Western Eu- 
rope made one through revolution and 
common mterests ; then will this nation 
rule a continent and govern the course of 
free institutions. Military science in oar 
hands may then become the potent instru- 
ment of millennial triumph, the vindica- 
tor of universal peace. Military science 
prevents war, conducts it in triumph and 
under humane restraints, and will at last 
make war impossible : hence we loam our 




BTtie t thfi*4«^ of fotij El ■ V en, 

wydl, in thi^ Oriental 11)04 ^'^ now 

MnMu# Dftttve to mc, grcstj^ «dik4 to 
Hw dmnn of Oie i-^anifv. Mv nights* 
^ataiiutt ' tilt! Arji- 

Mhd* nr I, Mid d- 

dtttiigh. ilufii>g ikv d;4Vt A Ijiiht north' 
wi&d illlwl tn/ ifiallit, it bvariMiily fell 
mlm Ml MiiiitL tmd rt'ttmm*.Hi h^i for two 
wt lltttt bour«. During lh« ulYerfit>on, [ 
||j tUvftcbad on my cnqiet on th« dccltj 
IwkMii thffiagh tiii1fH:IoMed creit cm the 
ifi t Umim ^ Hftr and h^« butikit ' The tre^rt- 
mu f^ort will OEic lon^ howcr i>r ParA- 
4fai— fl0 given, m bright, so Sicftpcil wild 
ikm d^rp^ oooi fi»lte0i of mapitiG s)^ca- 

of yel^i .'i hridgtid th« gliuts) 

Ktk' wi' Ml a. 

At *^i ' I jiclected % pkjyuiiit 

spot on the western bank of thi? river, 
when? tlie palnm \fvrt* loflicst «niJ inott 
tluckly c]u£tt.«rf<d, uml hiid tlio Itoat iiiDOr* 
od to the shore, AriiJiu't ih**u si»rt'ad injf 
eumt »Dd pilr^d my cu^hiotm cm the 
Rhmvin^ batik of wtjilc tJknd^ ml tbu foot 
of the tre^g, wht-ns it» I l»y. 1 c<Mild »<h? 
the long, fciithef)' k«vi*^ high jil»o^e my 
hemd, Ktifi ftt the Bmme time look upon tlie 
liroftd w%k© of the inoon^ «« eho rot^j be- 
yond the Nile. The wind wtg ft» fliH* 
And sofl la ft hen) of down, and reUiTu'd An 
»ltret**Me wamjih from the iimrthhjir 
which hud hin ti)»c>ii tt aU iUj. Ah w« 
r*rclj halteil n^^r n villtpe^ ttiero wi* do 
HOund to disturb the huhnj tc^iomc of the 
iK^ne^ extTpt, now jind th<*n/ttie whine 
of & Jftekal prowlmfT ilorig the eitge of the 
DrjKeri. Arhmrt cm^M^ii hii» lept bcddc 
tne on the Miid^ mnd All, who bt Kuoh 
thne^ hacl miM^tniil r hiir^ of mv pip«^^ mt 
»t tii'- ■' ■ Ken 

grit • fe>in- 

011- da tin' 


\ td |iol 
ithootlMr I 

I of b»Trn^ a brxtafi disc were brought out m tttv^ii^ wVM&i Vl ^^ 


Ethitypian JVt^rAl/ Enierlaifmienit. 

re^ fire*!ij3flit, and oomploted. Ihe realitj 
of a fixture whicb wan more beauliful 

On the first of these cvetiinp, aflcr my 
pipe had been filled for the third ihne, 
Afhiiiet^ finding that I showed no liinpo- 
sithm to brcftk the svlenee, and rightly 
judging that I would rather 1 listen thnn 
tAlk, addre^'ied tne. ^' Master/^ waid lie, 
^' I know many eione-^^i hucH as the story* 
tellers rtdiite in the c jftee-hoiiiscs of Cairo, 
If yovi will give mc permisf*ion, J will tell 
yoQ 8orne which I thmk you will find di-^ 
verLini;." ^^ Excellent 1 " said [ ; '* nothini^ 
will pleaise me better^ provided you tell 
them iQ Arabic. This will be more 
agrecablu to both of us^ and whenev^jr I 
cannot understand your wur<1s. I will in- 
terrupt you, and you shall explain tlicm 
AS well as you can »n Englinth." lie im- 
niijdialely conmicncod, and while thos« 
evening calm^ la.sted, I had huch u living 
experience of I ho Arabian Nights us would 
hmyn seemed to me a greater ninrvel than 
any they describe, had it l>cen forei^hown 
to my t^oyi^h vision, when t first hung 
over the charmed pnj^s. There, in my 
African mCHxi, the must nmrvellous par- 
ticuhii'S seamed f^uire real and natural^ 
ftlVil 1 enjoyed those flowers of Ka^ileru 
romance with n »est unknown before, 
Afler my recent reci^ptiou, iks a kirig of 
the F(anks^ in tlje captml of Berber, it 
was not difficult to ima^ne iny5<*lf Shah- 
riar. the Sultan of the In dies, especially 
a« the moon iihowed me my turbaiied 

sbado w on the sand. If the amber niontb* ^ 
piece of tny pipe wai not studiJed with 
jewdi^ And if the aerf which held m^ 
eoffcc-cup w^ hmsA instead of gold^ tU 
waa alt the same by moonhght Achmet^l 
seated on the sand a little txdow my 
throne, was SheheraEade, and A ti^k nettl- 
ing at my feet her sister, Dinar^^de j 
though, to ^peak candidly, my imng:in*-J 
tion could not stretch quite so ftir. In 
this respect 8hahriar had ^rntly the ad- 
vanlnge of me, I bitterly felt the ditfer- 
ence between my dnsky yizier and his 
Tiltiers doughter* Nor did All, who lis- 
tened to the Jitories with great interest|<j 
eApfosaing hsis satisfaction occasional I v by 
a deep guttural chuckle, ever surprise m^ 
by saying: *'Ifyou are not a^tefp^ my 
sister. I beg of you to rcixiunl to me on#*i 
of those delightful stories you know,*' 

Nevertheless, those nights pKHL'ssii^i a 
charm which separate*! tt*<sin Iroin all 
other nights 1 have known. The stories, 
re^nibled iho^& of tlie Arabinn talc in 
being ^oiuelime.^ ppokmge*! t'rom oise day 
to another. One of Ihcnir in fu'^^t^ was 
**Ganem, tho Slate of I/>fe:'* but, aa 
told by Achmei. did'eiing slightly trvtul 
Uii' Frj-ljj*h ver>i>on, Thi; t,niii'iii:il j*i,>f-v/. 
i ;is new to 

:i '-it has txr: 1 

may be pard^iTi'.ni fn telling li a^ it waii 
told to lue, tiikifij; the titierty \n >nb;tl- 
tut« my own words *tjr Achmei ' 
of Arabic and Eughsh. 1 wr* 
OUgbty giv«u tip to the piea^nL Uki^«^tl 


Ethiopian NighU^ Entertainments, 


to note down the story at the time, and I 
refnvt that many peculianties of exprcs- 
von have escaped nie, which then led mo 
Co cufiMder it a f^enuine pnxluct of the 
age which produced the Thousand and 
One Xifshtn. 

*• You already know, my master." Ach- 
met he^n. ^that many hundred years 
a::o all tlie people of Islam were ^vemed 
by a Cali|ih, whose capital was Baghdad, 
and I duu^t not that you have heard of 
the pereat Caliph, Ilaroun Al-Raschid, who 
cerUiinly was not only the man of 
hK day, but the wisest that has U'en 
known since the days of our prophet. Mo- 
hammed, whose name be exalted! It 
rarely happens that a wise and great man 
erer finds a wife, whose wisdom is any 

match for his own; for as the wise men 
whom Allah sends u|)on the earth are 
few. so are the wise women still fewer. 
But herein was the Caliph favored of 
Heaven. Since the days of Balkis, the 
Queen of Sheba, whom even the Prophet 
Solomon could not help but honor, there 
was no woman equal in virtue or in wis- 
dom to the Sultana Zubeydeh (Zo))eidc). 
The Caliph never failed to consult her on 
all important matters, and her priidcnce 
and intelli^noe were united with his, in 
the government of his great empire, even 
as the sun and moon are sometimes seen 
shining in the heavens at the same time. 

But do not imagine that Ilaroun Al- 
Raschid and the Sultana Zul>eydch were 
destitute of faults. None except the 

Prophets of Ciod — may their names lie 
eat- -Ik-*] for ever I — were ever entirely 
jii*i. *>T wise, or prudent. The Caliph 
va« j^ubject to fit^ of jealousy and inis- 
Cru-i, wh:ch fre<|iicntly le<l him to commit 
mt\A that obli^e'l him. afterwards, to eat 
of ViK bitter fruit of iep*iitaii(*e ; and as 
ion Zu>ieydeh, with all her wiNdoiii. she 
had a sharp tongue in her head, and was 
oflrn i<f little discreet as to say thin;:s 
vhirh bn Might u{M>n her the di>pU'a.sure 
pf the r'ommander of the Faithful. 

It chanced that, once u|M)n a time, they 
were both Mati-d in a window of the h-a-' 
Tttti. « hich overlooked one of the .streets 
•f Bai^hdad. The Culiph was in an ill- 
biunur. fur a beautiful Georgian slave 
whom bin rizier tiad recently hrou/:ht 
Ub, had diMMfpeMfcd from the hMrcin, and 

he saw in this the work of Zul>cydt-h. wV » 
was always jealous of any rival to ln,f 
iHMiity. Now, as they were sitliiiir !her«j, 
looking down into the htreet. a |»onrw(N)d- 
cutt<T came aloiii:. with a hun<ile of .stii-ks 
U}N>ii his h"ad. His body was lean with 
poverty, and his only clothing was a tat- 
teretl cloth, Inxind around hi> wui^i. liut 
the m«).st wonderful thiiiir w:i«.. ihat in 
|Nissini^ through the \\^»h\ wIht^ he had 
colU>«*ted his load, a sei|MMit had m'1/.«.m] 
hiiii hy the heel, but his feel were so 
hardeneil by toil that they reM'inhli'd the 
hoofs of a camel ; and he neither felt the 
teeth of the serinrnt. nor knew that he 
was still dragging it after hiin as he 
walkeil. The Caliph marvvUvivi >KWw\y& 
beheld this, but 7«u\ieyOLe\\ «Ttc\TSL\va«\V 
*'i>ee, O CommaudeT ul X\w Va^vvVAviW 


Ethiopian Nights Entertainments, 


there is the man's wife!" "What!" 
exclaimed Ilaroun. with sudden wrath; 
'* is the wife then a serpent to the man, 
which stingos him none the less because he 
does not feel it ? Thou serpent, because 
thou hast stung me, and because thou 
hast made sport of the honest poverty of 
that poor creature, thou shalt take the 
serpent's place ! " Zubeydeh answered 
not a word, for she knew that to speak 
would but increase the Caliph's anger. 
Haroun clupi)cd his hand thrice, and pre- 
sently Mesrour, his chief eunuch, appear- 
ed. " Here, Mcsrour," said he ; ^' take 
this woman with thee, follow yonder 
wood-cutter, and present her to him as 
his wife, whom the Caliph hath ordered 
him to accept." 

Mcsrour laid his hands upon his breast 
and bowed his head, in token of obedi- 
ence, lie then beckoned to Zul>eydeh. 
who rose, covered hersjclf with a veil ana 
a feridjee, such as is worn by the wives 
of the poor, and followed him. When 
they had overtaken the wood-cutter, Mes- 
rour delivered to him the messa;;e of the 
Caliph, and presented to him the veiled 
Zubeydeh. •' There is no God but God ! " 
said the poor man ; " but how can I sup- 
port a wife — I, who can scarcely live by 
my own labors ? '' " Dost thou dare to 
disoV>ey the Commander of the Faith- 
ful ? " cried ^lesrour, in such a savage 
tone, that the man trembled from head 
to foot ; but Zubeydeh, speaking for the 
first time, said, " Take me with thee, O 
man 1 since it is the Caliph's will. I will 
serve tliee faithfully, and perhaps the bur- 
den of thy poverty may be lightened 
through me." The man thereupon obey- 
ed, and they proceeded together to his 
house, which was in a remote part of the 
city. There were but two miserable 
rooms, with a roof, which was l>eginning 
to fall in. from decay. The wood-cntter, 
having thrown down his bundle, went 
out to the bazaar, purchasefl some rice 
and a little salt, and brought a jar of 
water from the fountain. This was all he 
could afford, and Zubeydeh. who had 
kindled a fire in the mean time, cooked it 
and pLiced it before him. But when he 
would have had her raise her veil, and .sit 
down to eat with him, she refused, say- 
ing, " 1 have promi.sed that I shall not in- 
crease the burden of thy poverty. Promise 
me. in return, that thou wilt never seek 
to look upon my face, nor to enter that 
]*oom, which I have chosen for my apart- 
ment. I am not without learning, 
man ! and if thou wilt respect my wishes, 
it shall be well for thee." 

The wood-cuUer, who was not natoral- 

Iv deficient in intelligence, perceived from 
the words of Zubeydeh, that she was a 
superior person; and judging thai he 
oould not do better than to follow her 
counsel, promised at once all that she ' 
desired. She then declared, that as she 
intended to take charge of his household, 
he must give to her, every evening, all 
the money he had received for his wood 
during the day. The man consented to 
this, and likewise produce^i a handful of 
copper coins, which all together amounted 
to only one piastre — but you must know, 
my master, that a piastre in the days of 
Ilaroun Al-Kaschid, was four or five tiroes 
as much as it is nowadays. Thus they 
lived together for several weeks^ the 
wood-cutter going to the forest every day, 
and paying his gains every night into the 
hands of Zubeydeh, who kept bis misera- 
ble house clean and comfortable, and pre- 
pared his food. She managed things with 
so much economy that she was enabled to 
save two paras every day, out of the pi- 
astre which he gave her. When she had 
ama.ssed twenty piastres in this way, she 
gave them to tl>e wood-cutter, saying: 
*' Go now to the market and buy thee an 
ass with this money. Thou canst thus 
bring home thrice as much wooil as be- 
fore, and the ass can subsist upon the 
grass which he finds in the forest, ami 
which costs thee nothing." ** By Allah ! " 
exclaimed the woodcutter; "thou aria 
wonderful woman, and I will obey thee 
in every thing." 

lie forthwith did as Zubeydeh order- 
ed, and was now enabled to give her three 
or four piastres every evening. She pre- 
sented him with a more decent garment, 
and added butter to hLs pillau of rice, but 
still preserved such a strict economy, that 
in a short tin»e he was nMistcr of three 
asses instea<i of one, and was obliged to 
hire a man to assist him in cutting wood. 
One evening as tlie a.sscs came home with 
their loads, Zubeydeh remarked that the 
wood pave out a grateful fragrance, like 
that of musk or ambergris, and upon ex- 
amining it more closely, she fouml that 
it was a most precious article — in fact 
that it had been cut from one of those 
spicy trees which sprang up where the 
tears of Adam fell ujwn the earth, as he 
bewailed his expulsion from Paradise. 
For at that time the juices of the fruits of 
Paradise still remained in his body, and 
his tears were flavored by them — which 
was the cause of all the spices that grow 
in the lands of Serendib and India. Za- 
beydeh asked of the wood-cutter: "To 
whom dost thou soil this wood ? ^ and 
from his answer, she found that it waa all 


BAiopian NighU^ Entertainments. 


purchftsed by some Jewish merchants, 
who pive him no more for it than for the 
common wood with which she cooked his 
rice. " The accursed Jews ! " she exclaim- 
ed ; '^ go thou to them immediately, and 
threaten to accuse them before the Cadi 
of defrauding a son of the Faith, unless 
they ajrree to pay thee for this wood 
henceforth, twelve' times as much as they 
hare paid, before ! " 

The man lost no time in visiting the 
Jewish merchants, who, when they saw 
that their fraud had been discovered, were 
greatly alarmed, and immediately agreed 
to pay him all that he demanded. The 
woodnrultcr now brought home every 
night three donkey-loads of the precious 
wood, and paid to Zubeydeh from one to 
two hundred piastres. She was soon 
able to purchase a better house, where 
she not only gave the man more nourish- 
iog ibod. but sent for a teacher to instruct 
him how to read and write. lie had so 
improved in appearance by this time, and 
had profited so well by the wise conver- 
sation of Zubeydeh. that he was quite like 
another (person, and those who had known 
him in his poverty no longer recognized 
him. For this reason, the Caliph, who 
soon repented of his anger towards 
Zubeydeh and made every effort to 
recover her, was unable to find any trace 
of him. Mesrour sought day and night 
through the streets of Baghdad, but as 
Zubeydeh never left the wood-cutter's 
hou<e. all his search was in vain, and the 
Caliph was like one distracted. 

One day. as the wood-cutter was on his 
way to the forest, he was met by three 
persons, who desired to hire his asses f«>r 
the day. ** But," saifl he ; ** I make my 
living from the wood which the asses 
carry to the city." ** What profit do you 
make upon each load ? " asked one of the 
men. ** If it is a goo^l load I often make 
fifty piastres," ans\vere<i the wood-cutter. 
^ Well." said the men. ** we will give you 
two hundred piastres as tlie hire of each 
ass for one day." The woo<l -cutter, who 
had not expected such an extraordinary 
offer, was aJ>>ut to acci'pt it at once when 
he reflected that he had obeyed in all 
things the advice of Zubeydeh, and ought 
D'jt to take such a step without her con- 
sent. He thereupon requested the men 
to wait while he returned home and con- 
sulted hjs wife. *• Ymi have done right, 
my lord!" said ZuI.eydch: *' I com- 
mend your prudence, and am quite willing 
tliat you should accept the otfer of the 
men. as tlie money will purchase other 
as-e-j and repay you for the loss of the day's 
profit if the persons bhould not return." 

Now, the three men were three celelynted 
robbers who had amassed a vast treasure 
which they kept concealed in a cave in 
one of the neighboring mountains. They 
hired the asses in order to transport this 
treasure to a barque in which they had 
taken passage to Bassora, where they 
intended to establish themselves as rich 
foreign merchants. But Allah, who 
governs all things, allows the plans of 
the wicked to prosper for a time, only 
that he may throw them into more utter 
ruin at the last The robbers went to 
their secret cave with the asses and 
loaded them with all their spoiKs — great 
sacks of gold, of rubies, diamonds and 
emeralds, which the beasts were scarcely 
strong enough to carry. On theu- way 
to the river below Baghdad, where the 
boat was waiting for them, two of them 
stopped to drink at a well while the other 
went on with the asses. Said one of the 
twain to the other: "Let us kill our 
comrade, that we may have the greater 
treasure." He at once agreed, and they 
had no sooner overtaken the third robber 
than the first, with one stroke of his 
sabre, made his head fly from his body. 
The two then proceeded for a short dis- 
tance, when the murderer said : ** I must 
have more than half of the treasure 
because I killed our comrade." "If you 
begin by claiming more than half you will 
in the end claim the whole ; " said the 
other robber, who refused to agree. They 
presently set upon each other with their 
swords, and after fighting for some time, 
both of them received so many wounds 
that they fell dead in the road. 

The asses, finding that no one was 
driving them any longer, took, from 
habit, the road to the wood-cutter's house 
where they arrived safely, with the trea- 
sure upon their backs.' Great was the 
amazement of their master, who, at 
Zubeydeh's command, carried the heavy 
sacks into the house. Buc when he had 
opened one of them, and the splendor of 
the jewels filled the whole room. Zubey- 
deh exclaimed : *' Gwi is great ! Now, 
indeed, 1 .«ee that my conduct is accept- 
able to Him. and that His hand hurries 
my desijni more swiftly to its completion." 
But as she knew not what had ha|»|>ened to 
the roblx»rs, and supi)Osed that the owner 
of the treasure would have his loss pro- 
claimed in the bazaars, she <letvrinineii to 
keep the sacks closed fur the spji,x» of a 
moon, after which, acoordinj^ to the hiw, 
they would become her prop.Tty if they 
ha<l not bei'u clauned in the mean time. 
Of course. n«) proclamation of the loss was 
made and at the end of the moon slie 


Ethiopian 'Nights* Entertainments, 


oonf9dere<1 that Rhehadajiist rip:ht to the 
treaRure, which, upon computation, proved 
to be even frreater than that of the Caliph 
Haroun Al-Raschid. 

She commanded the wood-cutter to 
send her at once the most renowned 
architect of Bag^hdad. whom she diixKited 
to build, exactly opjwsite to the Cah'ph's 
Palace, another palace which should sur- 
pass in splendor any thing that had 
ever been beheld. For the purchase of 
the materials and the hire of the work- 
men, she gave him a hundred thotisand 
pieces of gold. "If men ask." said she, 
"for whom you are building the palace, 
tell them it is for the son of a foreign 
king." The architect employed all the 
workmen in Baghdad, and followed her 
instructions so well, that in two months 
the palace was finished. The like of it 
had never been seen, and the Caliph's 
palace faded before its magnificence, as 
the face of the moon fades when the sun 
has risen above the horizon. The walls 
were of marble, white as snow ; the gates 
of ivory, inlaid with pearl ; the domes 
were gilded, so that when the sun shone 
the eye could not look upon them ; and 
from a great fountain of silver, in the 
court-yard, a jet of rose-colored water, 
which diffused an agreeable odor, leaped 
into the air. Of this palace it might be 
said, in the words of the poet : •' Truly it 
resembles Paradise : or is it the lost House 
of Irem, built from the treasures of King 
Sheddad ? May kindness dwell upon 
the lips of the lord of this palace, and 
charity find refuge m his heart, that he 
may be adjudged wortiiy to enjoy such 
splendor ! " 

During the building of the palace, 
Zubeydeh employed the best masters in 
teaching the wood-cutter all the accom- 
plishments which his present condition 
required that he should possess. In a 
short time he was a very imttem of ele- 
gance in his manner; his words were 
choice, and spoken with dignity and pro- 
priety; and his ^emeanor was that of 
one bom to command rather than to 
obey. When she had succeeded to the 
full extent of her wishes, she commenced 
teaching him to play chess, and spent 
several hours a day in this manner, until 
he finally played with a skill equal to 
her own. By this time the palace was 
completed, and after having purchased 
horses ana slaves, and every thing neces- 
sary to the maintenance of a princely 
household, Zubeydeh and th6 wood-cutter 
took possession of it during the night, in 
order that they might not be ol^rved 
bjr the OalipL ZnheyMi bade the 

wood-cutter remember the promise he 
had made her. She still .retained her 
own apartments, with a number of fe- 
male slaves to attend her ;. and she now 
presented to him, as a harem becomiiw 
a prince, twenty Circassian girls, each 
one fairer than the morning-star. 

The next morning she called the 
wood-cutter, and addressed him thus: 
" You see, my lonl, what I have done for 
you. You remember in what misery I 
found you, and how, by your fullowins 
my advice, every thing was changed. 1 
intend to exaltyou still higher ; and in 
order that my plans may not be frus- 
tnited, I now ask you to promise that 
you will ol)ey me in all things for a 
month from this time." Zubeydeh made 
this demand, for she knew how quickly a 
change of fortune may change a man's 
character, and how he will soon come to 
look upon that as a right which Allah 
granted him as a boon. But the wood- 
cutter threw himself at her feet, and 
said : ^* queen ! it is for you to command, 
and it is for mo to obey. You have 
taught me understanding and wisdom; 
you have given me the wccilth of kings. 
May Allah forget me, if I forget to give 
you, in return, gratitude and obedience." 
" Go, then," continued Zubeydeh ; " mount 
this horse, and, attendo<l by twenty slaves 
on horseback, visit the coffee-house in 
the great bazaar. Take with thee a 
purse of three thousand piect^j of gold, 
and as thou goest on thy way, scatter a 
handful occasionally among the beggars. 
Take thy seat in the coflee-house, where 
thou wilt see the Vizier's son, who is a 
skilful player of chess. lie will challenge 
the multitude to play with him, and 
when no one accepts, do thou engage him 
for a thousand pieces of gold. Thou 
wilt wm, but pay him the thousand 
pieces, as if thou hadst lost; gve two 
hundred pieces to the master of the cof- 
fee-house, divide two hundred pieces 
among tne attendants, and scatter the 
remainder among the bt^ggars." 

The wood-cutter performed all that 
Zubeydeh commanded. He accepted the 
challenge of the Vizier's son, won the 
game, yet paid him a thousand pieces of 
gold, as if he had lost, and tlien rode 
buck to the palace, followed by the accla- 
mations of the multitude, who were loud 
in their praises of his beauty, the elegance 
of his speech, his unbounded munificence, 
and the splendor of his attendance! 
Every day ho visited the cofl'ee-houae, 
gave two hundred pieces of gold to the 
master, two hundred to the servants^ 
and distributed six hundred among tho 


Ethiopian NighU^ EntertainmenU. 


ars. Bat the Vizler'a son, orcroome 
with chagrin at hi-s defeat, rcmiiined at 
honic. where, in a fuvr days, he sickenvd 
and died. These thin;;s cumin*; to the 
Vizier*8 ear, he felt a great desire to see 
the fureifoi prince, whose woaltli and 
fenerosity were the talk of all HA;2:hd:i \ ; 
and as he believed himself to be the 
fnvatfst chesd pluyer in the world, he 
deti'nnini.'d to cluillt*ii;;e him to a panic. 
He theri'U{M>n visiter I the cotlV^e-house, 
where hi* had not n.'m.iini'd Ion*; when 
the wiioil -cutter made his apiH.*:u'auce. in 
cTen preater s]jIcndor than iK'fure. This 
waii in accordance with the instructions 
of Ziibev<ieh, who was informed of all 
that hail taken place. He at once ac- 
oepte^l tlie Vizier's challeng:c to play, for 
a stake of two thousand pieces of pold. 
After a hard Tnipht t»attle, the Vizier was 
fairly l^eaten, but the wood-cutler i)aid 
him the two tho:isand piecx-s of gold, as 
if he had lo.<:t the game, gave away another 
thou>an4l, as usual, and retired to his 

Tue Vizier took liis defeat ro much to 
heart, that his chaprin combiiicfl with 
irritrf for the loss of his sun. currii'd him 
oS* ill a fvw days. This ciri'uaistnnco 
hr>ii 'hi th'.- wliolf history to the uars of 
llartiiii .\1-K.ischi'l hiniM>lf. wlio wu^i iin- 
iQ-<l.aicly f<\7x'A with a stnm;: lU-sire to 
{•;.»;.• r-it^-i wth the fircij^n priiuv. not 
d »i)\t\\\\z hut that. :is In* h:i>l :il wuy*^ licaten 
his Vizier, he woiM U* ni'>re than a 
m:itc:i tor tho ii'W iiiii:i'.:>>ii!>t. Arror- 
diEijiy hf .«C'iit ar. nffi i-r i') lh»* jialactr of 
the w^Mid-rutUT. w:ih a nii'v-Jane that the 
rMiiiiiiaipltT tjf thr K.iithtiil di'-ir.'-l to of- 
frf III* ii'>-|»i!a -.ty tM ihi: ^nii ol the foreign 
kill;;. Uy /.nU'vlili'^ a-ivi.-e he acci-pttrii 
llu- invitation, aipl the otlii-er siK-i'rlily 
r^iirnt-I lu lluioiiu A'i-KuM*hid. to whoui 
h»' ;:.iVf -ui'h a dt.'>iTi|itioM <;f the inu'.;iiiti- 
a-iioc tif th».' U'.'W pal.i'.'ir. that the Caliph's 
iD'Mith U-;;i!i to watrr. and he exriuiiiu-d : 
"ISy Alia'!!! I niu>t look to this. No 
Biin who has ii'»t the riii;: of ."^'^loinon on 
h> tiruiT. sliall surpa-s me in luy 
**ip ! j: 1 '' In a Nhort tiiin.' tli ■ vviHul-rui- 
i/T urriv.-«i, aitirvl in .«u«'h -pi !iil«»r tliat 
'.h-.* 'iay vi-m.'d hri^liter for hi«J ap|ie:tr- 
*:»■•• :k>.d utl<'iidt:<I hy fMity ]> -lavrs, 
::, -Iri-K^t-s of rriiii-'oii silk, with tMihaiis 
•-f '. l..'.i: and polii. and p»!«ien >vvitriU hy 
::v.r -:!•-. Tii»ry fonneii a d'Hihle row 
:r .11 i:»<: ronrt yaf'l to thi.* ihr'Mn-hall 
wi»»?rL- the Calipli sat. an<l U|) thi- aveiiu<! 
ihu'. frriJii'd tiie wutnl-riiiur a'lva;i(!d. 
pfvt^^liHl by two slaves in dri--i i of 
cluth-if-»ilvcr. who phu-ed at the Cal.jifi\ 
ftxt two cry^til goblets tilled witfi nihics 
and emeralds of* sue, Thv Ca- 

liph, deliglited with tliis Aupcrb present 
rose, embraced the supposed prince, and 
scate<l him by his side. From the great 
wealth displayed by the wood-cutter, and 
the ()erfect grace and propriety of liia 
maimers, the Caliph suspectc<i tliat he 
was no less a personage than the son of 
the King of Cathay. 

AftiT a handsome repast had been 
served, the Caliph proposed a game of 
ches.s, stating that ho had heard much of 
the prince's skill in playing. "After I 
filial I have played with you. O Command- 
er of the Faithful ! " .said the wood-cut- 
ter ; '* you will hear no more of my skill." 
The Caliph was ciiariued with the modes- 
ty of this speerh, and the coinpliineiit to 
himself, ami tiiey iininediately began to 
play. The wootl-cutter, altliou;:h he 
might easily have beaten the Caliph, 
sutfered the latter to win the first game, 
which put him into the best humor |»os- 
sil>le. Hut when the second game had 
been played, and the w«H)il-cutter was the 
victor, he |KTa>ived that the Caliph's face 
liecame dark, and his goo4l humor was 
gone. '• You are too gvnerous to youi 
servant, O Caliph I" saitl he; ''had* you 
not given me this success as an encour- 
ageiiieiit, I should have lost a second 
time."' At the.<e wonls Ilaroun smiled, 
and they pluyed a thini game, which the 
wood-cutler purjjosely allowed liiin to 
win. .Such was tlie coun.sel given to him 
by Zuheydeh, who said: " If thou |M>rinit- 
test him to win the lirst game, he will be 
so well pli'as^*(l, that thou venture 
to dtl'iMi hun (»n the .M.'Citnd game. Then, 
when he has w«»n the ihini game, thy 
having U-en once viciori<»Ms will magnify 
his opinii>n of his own skill ; for where we 
never suller defeat, we at last regard our 
coii'iue'.ts with indillerence." 

Tiie renult was pivcisely as ZuU'vdeh 
had pre'hrie 1. The I'alijih was ehanned 
with the foreign priiiee, and in a few days 
ma«le him his Vizier. The w<M)d-nitier 
fiileil Ills e.\alt4'il station with dignity and 
jii<]:;iiii'iit, and U-^'aine at onee a ^reat 
faviiiite with tin' fn'ople of Itaglnlad. 
The month nf oImmIii-iicn! which he had 
pioiiiKi'd to /lilu'viieh ItH'i now drawing 
t«i a ehiM*. when she said to him: "iVase 
to viNit the t.'aliph, and do iii>t leave the 
paln-r hir two or ihrer days. Whi-ii the 
(.'alipli >"niN for thif. ninrn fi>r answer 
that thou art ill.*' She f »ri>:hw thai the 
Caliph would th«n t*oiiie to .see his N'izier, 
and gave the w«m) l-ciitler coinplelv in- 
struirtions. (Miieeniiiig what he should say 
and ilo, 

Ilaroun Al-Ha«*:WuV wo VtCkow^t \\»»kv\ 
of the illutis.s ol' Vi\& Viiiwr, vVau \v« '^^i^N* 


Ethiopian Nights^ UntertcUnments. 


personally to his palace to see him. He 
was amazed at the size and splendor of 
the edifice. ''Truly," said he, striking 
his hands together ; " this man hath 
found the ring of Solomon, which com- 
pels the assistance of the genii. In all 
my life I have never seen such a palace as 
this." lie found the Vizier reclining on a 
couch of cloth-of-gold, in a chamber, the 
walls whereof were of mother-of-pearl, 
and the floor of ivory. There was a 
fountain of perfumed water in the centre, 
and beside it stood a jasmine-trcc. jn^w- 
ing in a vase of crystal. ** How is tliis ? " 
said the Caliph, seating himself on one 
end of the couch ; •* a man whom the 
genii serve, should have the secrets of 
health in his hands." *• It is no fever," 
said the Vizier ; *• but the other day, as I 
was washing myself in the fountain, be- 
fore the evening prayer, I stooped too 
near the jasmine-tree, and one of its 
thorns scratched my left arm." '• "What ! " 
cried the Caliph, in amazement ; " the 
scratch of a blunt jasmine-thom has made 
you ill ! " " You wonder at it, no doubt, 
Commander of the Faithful ! " said the 
Vizier ; '• because, only a few months 
ago. you saw that I was insensible to the 
fangs of a serpent, which had fastened 
ujwn my heel." *• There is no God but 
God ! " exclaimed Haroun Al-Raschid, as 
by these words he recognized the poor 
wood-cutter, who had passed under the 
window of his palace — " hast thou indeed 
found the ring of Solomon ? — and where 
is the woman whom Mesrour, at my com- 
mand, brought to thee ? " 

*-She is here !" said Zubeydeh. enter- 
ing the door. She turned towards the 
Caliph, and slightly lifting her veil, show- 
ed him her face, more beautiful than ever. 
Haroun, with a cry of jo}', was on the 
point of clasping her in his arms, when he 
stopped suddenly and said : "But thou 
art now the wife of that man." " Not so, 
great Caliph ! " exclaimed the Vizier, who 
rose to his feet, now that there was no 
longer any need to affect illness ; " from 
the day that she entered my house, I 
have never seen her face. By the beard 
of the Prophet. Khc is not less pure than 
she is wise. It is she who has made me 
all that I am. Obedience to her was the 
seed from which the tree of my fortune 
has grown." Zubeydeh then knelt at the 
Caliph^s feet, and said : ^' Commander 
of the Faithful, restore me to the light of 
your favor. I swear to you that I am not 
less your wife than when the cloud of your 
anger overshadowed me. This honorable 
man has never ceased to respect me. My 
thoughtless words led you to send me 

forth to take the place of the serpent, but 
I have now shown you that a wife may 
also be to her husband as the staff, where- 
on he leans for support; as the camel, 
which bringeth him riches ; as the tentj 
which shelters and protects him ; as the 
bath, which maketh him comely ; and as 
the lamp, whereby his steps are enlight- 

Haroun Al-Raschid had long since bit- 
terly repented of his rashness and cruelty. 
He now saw in what had happened the 
hand of Allah, who had turned that 
which he liad intended as a punishment, 
into a triumph. He restored Zubeydeli 
at once to his favor, and to the wood-cut- 
ter, whom he still retained as Vizier, he 
gave his eldest daughter in marriage. All 
the citizens of Baghdad took part in the 
festivities, which lasted two weeks, and 
the Caliph, to commemorate his gratitude, 
built a su])erb mosque, which is called the 
Mosque of the Restoration to this very 
day. The Vizier nobly requited all the 
pains which the Sultana Zubeydeh had 
taken with his education, and showed so 
much wi.sdom and justice in his adminis- 
tration of the laws, that the Caliph never 
had occasion to ho dissatisfied with him. 
Thus they all lived together in the ut- 
most happiness and concord, until they 
were each, in turn, visited by the Termi- 
nator of Delights and the Separator of 

So ended Achmet's story ; but without 
the moonlight, the tall Ethiopian palms 
and the soothmg pipe, as accessories, I 
fear that this reproduction of it retains 
little of the charm which I found in the 
original. It was followed by other and 
wilder tales, stamped in every part with 
the unmistakable signet of the Orient 
They were all characterized by the belief 
in an inevitable destiny, which seems to 
be the informing soul of all Oriental liter- 
ature. This belief affords every liberty 
to the poet and romancer, and the Arabic 
autitors have not scrupled to make liberal 
use of it. There is no hazard in sur- 
rounding your hero with all sorts of real 
and imaginary dangers, or in heaping up 
obstacles in the path of his designs, when 
you know that his destiny obliges him to 
overcome them. He becomes, for the 
time, the imi)orsonation of Fate, and cir- 
cumstances yield before him. You see, 
plainly, that he was cho.<^n in the begin- 
ning to do the very thing which he ac- 
complishes in the end. If a miracle is 
needed for his success, it is not withheld. 
Difficulties crowd upon him to the last^ 
only that the final triumph may be more 
complete and striking. Yet with all 


The Last Poet Out. 


these rioUtions of probability, the Orien- 
tal taleis exhibit a pvat fertility of inven- 
tion, ami sparkle with touches of genuine 
human nature. The deep and absorbing 
intcrt^st with which the unlettered Arabs 
listen to their recital, — the hold which 
they have upon the popular heart of the 
Ka>t — attests their ralue, as illustrations 
if Kastem life. 

From Poetry we frequently pa5i.sed to 
lU'lipon. and Achinct was astonished to 
tin*l mc familiar not only with Mahomet, 
but with All and .\b<]ullah and Abu-talib, 
and with many incidents of the prophet's 
life which were new to him. The Persian 
chronicles were fresh in my memory, and 

all the wonders related of Mahomet by 
that solomn old biographer. Mohammed 
Bekr, came up again as vividly as when 
I first read them. We compared notes, 
he repeated passages of the Koran, and 
so the Giaour and the True Believer dis- 
cussed the nature of their faith, but al- 
ways endetl by passing beyond prophet 
and apostle, to the one great and good 
God, who is equally merciful to all men. 
I could sincerely adopt the first article of 
his faith: 'la'niah it, Allah.''—'' There 
is no God but Gtwl," while he was equally 
rvady to accept the first commandment 
of mine. 


/.yrM-4 ^y UU Letter K Kew Tork: Dcrbjr. 

Cf.'KXK. a sf)lc*mn office. Two cli-rks in 
^3 the distant seate<l on high stools at a 
spacious double desk, writing; assiduously. 
An inner nKrn. w:thd »or i':irtiaMycl'sed. 
thr<fu:;h whose dull glass panels one can 
•-atirh a glimpse uf the cloudy form of the 
.rcat publisher enthn»ne«l within, re vol v- 
:i.' ui his august mind tlie flt'stiiiies of 
}r» ts Kntcr. author; not timidly and 
wish unriTtain glaiun: as of nld. Imt with 
•juntidt.'nt fu<*e, jaunty swu<:;;t'i and dcliant 
4t«:'p-. A pa|if.T larcel in his hand, and 
With unfaltering ftK)t, he iii.'irclifS Intldly 
mt'i the very heart of the publi-^herVs 

What daring man is ho. thus to tread 
with hfv<lless foot, the awful soil on 
which Johnson, Savage. K«ats and Dry- 
iJen tn-mbK-d ! Has the Jupit<T of print 
no terrors for him ? Is Ik; a Titan of 
Uiought thus to scale so fcarle-iNly the 
empyreal heights of the crowneil monanrh 
of copy-right ? Sure no rruninon man 
would dare to stalk with s<:) careless a front 
through those hallo we<l regions. He ap- 
proaches the publisher, appan'ntly un- 
oonscious of his divinity. .Spreads out 
his wares before him, as if the whole 
thing were a business matter ; exjatiates 
on their merits,, explains this [passage, 
rails attention to that, reads another 
aloud, and out-Jupiters the Jupiter. 
The Jupiter nods, lie hums and haws. 
He ru flies the poems — for they are poems, 
or pasji as such — with his hand, and mut- 
ters something alraut " Poetry lieing a 
drug.*' Tho author laughs the insinu- 
atkm to soom. Poetry never stooil so 

high before. liOok at Tennysim, liOng- 
fellow. Smith. The Ixjtter A. Don't they 
sell ? He rather thinks they do. And 
with such examples before him, shall he 
suffer Ills p»etic fire to be hidden under 
the bu>hel uf neglect ? Noverl ITu will 
publish or expire in the attempt. The 
publisher refers mysteriously to '*tlie 
gentleman who reads for him." He 
knows nothing of these matters himself; 
he is nothing more than a liusiness man. 
but he will consult the aforesaid gentle- 
inaii oil tlie matter. Tho author smiles 
ronlideiitly as he assents to this (nmifsc. 
Then' i-an )h) little doubt of what that 
g»*nt]einaii's opinion will Ik», The pie<vs 
aLoul to be submitted tti his judgment 
liave all lifen piibli>.he<l S4'{>:irately in the 
Mi<>isHippi llaft of Free<h)m. autl been 
fully eiidoiMMl by the approval of a dis- 
ceniin;: piiblir. He intrusts the jiarcid 
theref«>re to the publisher with a lofty air, 
and withdraws to call again in a week. 
We think that publisher with all his dig- 
nity and powi.T must \ni an unhappy man. 
"NVhat an awful ros{>onsibility rests ujkui 
his shoulders I "With wliat terrible can.'s 
is he burdened I On his tables day after 
day, are laid volumes of ridiriilous verses 
alioiit whose publication ]KTtina<'ioiis {KX'ts 
[>eriodically persecute him. Now man is 
hut mortal, and though mi^'^^t publishers 
have a wholesome and well -foun< led hor- 
ror of jKx'try in gi'neral, they, like other 
pe4)plc. must have their inonieuts of weak- 
nes.s. We think that some such S(vne as 
we have ju»it descrilK-d, must have pre- 
ceded the publication of the volume under 
our fonsidorat khi. Mr . \) vitV^- \vi>3LA >mx^ 


7%/ Last Poet Out 


hcon taken unawares in wme soft mo- 
ment. The author was imperious, the 
publisher yielding:, and the result has 
been, •• Lyrics by the letter • II.' " 

The title is suppcstive — of a Tolume 
piiblisluHl some time since in London, 
calk'd •• Poems by ' A ; ' " the contents arc 
suggestive of several persons occupying 
res|)ecta)»le positions in the world of let- 
ters. ** II " has evidently l>eon a litorary 
whirlipir. tuniinp; to a different point witn 
e%-ery fresh breeze. His |)oetical chanpes 
are dislractinp. Now he is alliicted with 
a fn'nzie*! desire to be a sc.»cond Bon 
OaultiiT, on the next pape he is squinu- 
injr with vain eflbrts to emulate the 
author of **Miss Kilmansc'rjr." Farther 
on, under the shield of panuly, he rifles 
poor Poe of his metres. . Here and there 
we find an echo of Tom Moore's elepant 
barclianalism ; while Charles Mackay 
and Samuel Lover seem to have contract- 
ed for the rest of the volume. We would 
not for worlds deny to "11 " that he may 
have his sphere. He may write prose 
exct^llently. He may be one of *' the 
Berkelji men," or even the author of the 
Scarlet Ix?tter ; in short, an excee^linply 
clever fellow in a hundrwl ways ; our ex- 
ception is alone taken to his writing 
Poetry — and publishing it. 

" H " may not be aware that there are 
certain mental and physical elements ne- 
cessary to the formation of a poet. iSome 
imagination is usually required. Strength 
and boldness arc not objectionable. A 
knowledge of either external or internal 
life, or lK)th unitefl, is of some advantage, 
while dramatic tire, and an enthusiasm 
for the beautiful, add considerably to the 
excellence of the poetic writer. Now these 
qualities are not kept bottled up at the 
stationers, to be bought with one's pens. 
An ordinary man cannot sit down and 
pump poetry out of himself; an English 
banker once showed the world what 
could be done by perseverance and cul- 
tivation ; but although public astonish- 
ment at such achievements in a business 
man, was for a while so loud as almost to 
counterfeit fame, the moneyed author soon 
sank to his proper level of an elegant man 
of letters, with much taste and no genius. 
Without even the slight qualifications 
of cultivation and elegance, ^* II " has 
nevertheless rushed into print. The 
pieces with which he presents us have, we 
believe, been nearly all published before 
in the columns of various newspapers, for 
which place they were doubtless suffi- 
ciently lively, but in which place they 
ought to have remained. We look in 
▼ain through this volume for any evi- 

dence of imaginatk>n or taste. The paro- 
dies, are even more vulgar thui parodies 
usually are, and the serious poems are 
either bad echoes of other and better 
strains, or are incomprehensible nonsense. 
In a j)oem on the unhacknej-ed subject of 
"Time," we find the following cabalistic 
lines : 

*• The gny rock of ace, whose peak 
Time's mounting billows turfft and seek.** 

On reading this, one is led to indulge in 
a little grammatical reflection. What 
does " surge ' govern ? clearly it governs 
the noun " peak." This verse therefore 
throws a new light on the nature of peaks 
in general. People are apt to connect the 
idea of a peak and solidity together. The 
peak of Tenor i He for instance. " II " " 
however seems to have a geological theory 
on the subject which, might astonish even 
the author of the " Vestiges." Billows 
surge peaks, consequently peaks must be 
ratlier light, corky affairs, that go floating 
like amber about upon the crests of the 

The very next poem is of that peailiar 
order in which the wit consists of writing 
five or six very serious verses on a given 
subject. an<l in the very last line of the 
poem introducing an atrocious vi^garism. 
It is entitled -^the liall-roem Belle." 
The |)oet first enters on a description of 
the lad}' in question. She wears satin 
slippers and Limerick Ince. Why Lime- 
rick ? As a member of th(j onler of Know 
Nothings we put the question. The por- 
trait goes on after this fashion : 

Her hair woa brown, or gt^den. 

It chanL'ed, as ftsll the lig:l>t, 
Her boilico si'arco could hold In 

Her b<>5om'fl lioavinf; white, 
Her eyw weri» tmy and morry 

As a fiuntntn In the shaile. 
And her voice was sweet and cheery, 
As the thooglits that it conveyed. 

This delicious creature goes on to danoe^ 
and having probably ^aten too much 
chicken salad at supper, the exercise does 
not agree with her, for her appearance calls 
forth from the |)oet an inquiry as to the 
state of her health. 

** Then she with timid glaneea. 

From lips 09 noeet a» thymn, 
Beplled— * tliose Eastern dances 

III suit our Western dime ; 
Could you— It might relieve me— >* 

(I roee upon the hint)— 
A glass of water give me, 

With aglasB of Bbandt In*!?** 

There! isn*t that touching? Isn't thsfc 
poetry ? Isn't that the sort of thing to 
bind up in a neat Yolome and issue at 


The Latt Poet Out. 


WTcnty-five rents to a tnistin": public? 
What wit I what spirit I what HcjrJinco ! 
We pH'siime '• II '* has sct-n Hon (laul- 
ti<?r'»i panxly on the Queen of the May, 
wliirh. HftiT a nnnilMT of sweet verses, 
conclmles witli tlic pros:uc request, 

** I>raw me a mas nf beer, M<*tlier, 
And MoUifr : ilraw it iiilM! " 

Wc merely presume he has seen it, 
f«raii<e t!iere is that family likeness be- 
twt^-n llie two poems, that siiL'qrests a 
«^n*rul St inly on llie part of •' II " of that 
pf^il master of pannly. In«Jpire«l hy so 
glorious an example, for true p-nius is 
always infectious, we have almost in- 
Yoluntarily clashecl off the following stan- 
sas as a pendant to " the Helle of the 
Ball-room." They are entitle*!, 

rni AMOKL or thb amemblt. 

I met her at thtr ClilncM> K«Mlm^ 

She wiiTf a mn-a'h <if n«M^ 
Btje malkril in Unuty like the nicht, 

ili-r hri'atb «'iia like Kwi'i't |k»Ii>a. 

I IM h<^r thrviiiL'h the fi-^tnl Hall. 

H.'r slamv wti* Nift and ton<!ir ; 
Rh- whi*hrr<l trimly In my ear, 

■^SaT! MiMR —ALf 't tiiia a UKNDCaf" 

Our watch is lyin^c on the table, and 
we tiii'l on consultinjr that faithful chro- 
mmeter that tlic comi»osition of the fore- 
*iiin* cJiannin? poem occupies 1 us exactly 
one mifinte. au'l three si'C<>n<ls. We ran 
theri-f«»re safely reronimen<l it to su<'h of 
iMir r<*."»t!ers. a-* may lie atllicte<l with a 
'ac*t*thrM acrilienili, as a style in which 
tlf^ino' is romhine»l with rapidity, and 
ea<« with oriifinality. 

.\« a l4i#rhanal. " II ** is one of the 
xno-i r»mtra<lictory individuals we have 
*ver met In a Sfmj calked "A Winter 
I.yrM*." he is painfully anxious to have 
dau-t.ns brimnnn;; over with ruby wine, 
to rliiik to the glasses, in short, as he 
brwtly but rather sensually sums it up. 
he rvq«iires " dice and drinkini: — wine and 
women/' Thou;rh ap])arently we<Med to 
Iho^ iinproiHT sentiments, we lin»l never- 
th*']f'-:-i a few pajr»*s farther on a tidal re- 
f-^miitiotj in his desires au'l habits. He 
fta-* Mpldenly forsworn " llasons.''' and 
■ ruby wine." clinking plassts. and ladies 
'if un''*'rtain morals, for he rails enthu- 
*.ia>'«lically to the waiter after this fjishion : 

" Glr« m« a /vn7 of o<v«an brine. 
And All tiie f'^aktr to thi* bniiil" 

Wc ran imajrine tin' a'zony of the Iridi 
•V«m«^tic at Windu»4t's. on U-inj: thu< ad- 
drt^*«H. Wc have a vivid pirture of that 
posM functionary seeking out the pro- 
pnelor id order to inform him. that '* a 

strange gintleman in number two, wants 
salt an' wather wid his vittles," whorc- 
U|>on the worthy proprietor, never at a 
loss, immediately sends up a bottle of his 
Ix'st Hock. We, however, who are all- 
knowing, see through this ruse. II. G — , 
or some other propliet of tern jK'ra nee, was 
seated in the next box, and in surh a 
neiirhl)orhoo<l, " II " durst not call for his 
u»iual bottle of Asmanliausi>n. He l>c- 
tbinks himself of a way to escape the vigi- 
lance of the ajwstle, and at the same lime 
earn for himself an undying reputation for 
triu|X'ran<v. So he shouts to the waiter 
in a stentorian voice, for the benefit of his 
neigh l>or, 

** Olve mo a pail of ocean brine ! " 

But adds, immediately in a whisper, 
audible only to the Hil»emian vassal, 
*• And nil the hmker to the brim.** 

Thereliy meaning either a stiff glass of 
brandy, or a lK)ttle of Ijis favorite ruby 
wine. This interpretation, is, we thinlc, 
perfectly natural. It is self-evident in- 
dewl, if wc examine the poem. He de- 
mands a |)ail in one line. In the next he 
wishes the l>eaker to be filled. Now as a 
pail and a l>eaker are two distinct vessels, 
not (o l>e confoimrled togi-ther in any way, 
we must look ujion the two n^fpiests as 
separate orders, one meant for the publi(r, 
the other for the private ear of the ob- 
se(piious siTvitor. 

'J'hat •' H '' at this period drank some- 
thing strcMijrcr and more heady than ocean 
brine, is fully .*»hown, by the maimer in 
wliich. some lines farther on, he reverses 
the ojKTJitions of nature. The idea is just 
such a one as might emanate from a man 
who difl not know whether he was stand- 
ing on bis hea<l or his hwls. He says, 
alluding we presume to the beauty of the 
night, when he was standing near a lamp- 
lK)st with his hat oil': 

•• On such an rvc was Voniw born 
When* <*yjirla>«h«»rclhe bliif tl<lelaTe««." 

Then* is in the la^t line a sublime in- 
vcr'^ion of the usual ("cjurse of things. 
('nmm«»n-pla<v fKX-ts gfneially make the 
blue tide lave llie >hore. but '• H/' dis- 
(laining surh an rvery day procii'ding. 
grandly makes the shun* lave the blue 
tidr. The wonl "lave" being derive«l 
from a Latin verl). signifying " to,*- 
.idmirably expresses the umi.i1 action of 
ibe vhon' towards the si-a. 

" H 's'' jihiloxiphy is flearly os singidar 
as his physies. We would like to call at- 
tention to a fine verse rontaiiu'd in a lyric 
whi<rh is entitled, * A College Song." It 
runs as follows: 


The Last Poet Out. 


" Comnulcjil while the earth An altrrs, 
Wintry fri>rt anM hloMimi ^priiii^, 

FiNilIdh lie who ilonbtff and faltofs; 
PloaAure lilts on rapid wing. — 
Sclzo It en.' voa feel tin- ating ! 

Bow yuiir lioart to iWi^tlonV altans 
Lt't your soul Uh Incense flliip, 

Ere the tdldod pasiMl falters 
Krc you feel tlie hidden xtlncr. 
Of the wlug ! ** 

It will be remarked from the ul>ove- 
((uotcfl verse, that " U 's" philosophy is of 
a rapid character. A " touch-and-pj" 
sort of theory of life. Xo nonsensical 
lingering al)Ove the sad spots. The roses 
of joy wither quickly ; let us seize them 
ere they fade. The sun is soon over- 
shadowed, so we ought to make our little 
bundle of hay while he shines. All that's 
bright must fade, so let us pawn our Ger- 
man silver .spoons before they get tar- 
nished, and give a dinner witli the money. 
Time, and i)eath. and Age, and all that 
sort of thing, will Vje here in a jiffy, so 
our only plan is to eat till we are sur- 
feited, to drink till we are drunk, to love 
till we are cloyed, before their arnval in 
the down train. These arc the sixKiies of 
images used, and doctrines inculcated by 
t!ie poets of the fast school. They are 
iontiiiually downing care i:i brmyiing 
beakers, and seizing joy as he flies. Roses 
form a great f)Ortion of tlie " properties " 
of these bards. They wreath bowls with 
them continually, and are addicted to 
binding them round their temples. We 
feel somewhat indebted, however, to '^II." 
for introducing a little new machinery into 
this sjiecies of lyric. lie says : 

** Bow your heart to posMon'a altara, 

I^t your soul ita incense ding, 
Ere the gilded pagod/alUrif.^ 

This last line, we cannot say we com^ 
prehend very clearly. We used to have 
long ago rather a clear idea of a pa- 
god. We reganled it as something between 
a porcelain old man. with a large stomach 
and long moustaches, and a lofty tower 
with tiers of corners like a German 
student's cap, from which numberless 
little bells dangled and jangled, while the 
walls were made of the most beautiful 
china, painted all over with landscapes out 
of perspective. Wo must have been 
wrong, however, for here we find the 
pagod "gilded," and also likely to falter. 
A pagod. then, must be a living thing, 
with weak nerves, usually dressed in gold 
leaf. It will tAc us a long time to get 
thoroughly reconciled to this new image. 

In the next line of the same verse, wo 
meet with rather a curious fact. Ilavuig 
told us that we must fling our soul's in- 

cense ere the gilded pagod falters, ho adds 
also, that it were well to do it, 

** Ere yon feel the atlnfc. 

Of the wing! ** 

This is a desperate slap in the face for 
our old theory of stinps. We have a 
vivid recollection of wasps' stingrs. >)ees' 
stings, and we have read something about 
.»jrorpi(>ns' stings, but none of these stings 
were located in the wing • they lay some- 
where else. If *' 11 " has really discovered 
any insect with a sting so curiously situ- 
ated, from which he has drawn his novel 
image, we would seriously recommend 
him to communicate the fact to some 
entomological society^ a"d have no doubt 
but that he will be hand.somely rewarded 
for his trouble. 

But we are weary of all this. Having 
laughed so long, it is time for us to become 
indignant. To demand of* II" by what 
authority he published this volume. 
Whether it was his own vanity, or the 
"desire of friends," that induced the 
collection, and isstiing in book-form of 
these trashy newspajM-T squibs ? From the 
beginning to the end there is not a single 
fresh spot on which the mind can repose 
witl; pleasure Tht re is nothing to charm, 
nothing to teach in this volume. Every 
poem in it is reminiscent of the past poem.<( 
of better writi-rs ; faint transfers from 
spirited originals. 

We cannot help feeling melancholy in 
the end, when we meet such volumes. 
We cannot help wondering if ever again 
we shall hail a poet American born. The 
unborn volumes that yet lie sleeping in 
Lowell's brain, are no con.solation to us, 
The hope of what Longfellow, Stoddard, 
and Read may accomplish in a few years 
more, brings no solace with it. We want 
a new poet. A sudden, s])ontaneous, 
Minerva-born poet; one about whom, 
when ho sings, there shall be no doubt. 
Not drunk with youth and animal life 
like Alexander Smith, whose genius is but 
the blood-fever of twenty ; not the result 
of a college and classical father, like the 
Arnolds' ; not the offspring of the ill- 
advised praise of turgid critics, like Mr. 
Sydney Yendys ; neither do we want a 
Tennysonian poet. Though Tennyson 
must ever be the great type of that .sub- 
tlety of thought, which so eminently dis- 
tinguishes the poetry of the present age ; 
nor a Byronic i)oet, nor a Mooreish poet. 
But we want a great American poet, who 
shall speak grandly to us, and whose 
nature shall be veined with the aspects, 
customs, and instincts of his country. 
There is an opening for such a young 


Eiiionai I^aUi — Amifkim Liftmiure. 


aafr«-irliO will t»ko adT«nt»ge 

Ko* Uie letter IL We ctn bold out no 
s to Ibil iniperMfTml iiR'ml>er uf thi« 
fcWl, of I'vrr iNX-ii|tyiti»r a |»n)Tniin!nt 
:i(m ifi our litonttiu-c. If he m young, 

► wmM scriouj^ljT »dvi»c htm la turn 

uttrattion to sottivthin^ else thiiu 

»t I tflie ii dct| oar advice iriU b« 

enperflyous. Tor tmie will dry up tho 
Ton u tarn, W* shiiU atw^ajft hiro much 
plcfts-iirc m Uwking ot» the li^ttcr H as *ii 
exc<?fkml aspirate^ ?o long ns ho *1f^«5 not 
tt^ptre to be thought a poet* It ik an im* 
forlunato Icttt-r in lit<?Ritur«* ; even Cbjtrl«fl 
Ldinli's ^fyhifi. hiM him when ho wrote 
\m litiiednLinftof 'Mr. U/' 


iMUit^^t WM wtllv nf» <?sp€cU- 
l-^ ti«Dg ititer^atod tbut we ojicned 
^iiist&r^ Iff mtnoW by u lute 
•nor f^tthtl Slat\*, Thom*'^ FoftD^ bo- 
I W9 ilid not supprtft* th&t the expc- 
t nC m n**w iifid disitttnt i comnn>n- 
S inticb matter for % 
ok Coiin*! ourselves nu/*- 

■ \\ nn> iiici dents niwriited| 
Ibe n:irnittifjn, clicttLnl a 
I -id/ atlenlKiU. Governor 
I my* in the' pre fuel;, **ilb A p>o*ldcaJ 
* talvH^, AM Wrll *5 truth, th&t ''the 
iil# wf Aocli A {government sts tbut of 
I the men of its history, must 
iHf \m ftiatttfrji of ^niail inti?rei^t io 
d^m\ '' but hi!i *dtK '* that a^ his^ 
Wj i* |i^Mto«Di>hj trarhing by cxatnplctit, 
tamr itmdk liy irnidl as vrclt as largio 
Bik** ** Obar rvatjott of the cur»ouM hniy* 
iid tmmtl ifiin^tJi has ihrt:iwn itj? li^dit 
w, im much jm tho dtsscctjon of 
I «lr|ikai)t ; tlierdbn^ if any one b cu^ 
M tu i0t what very great thing?* may 
kbt illtt»irmtcd by f«ry tiiritH niatterH^ thta 
•k wtll pri^ him jiom« aid. The au- 
r Uan WTittcn ahotit jimalt ev^nbi 
ItlUe mrti, for t^ro reaaxmit; flrat^ 
wifl nolhtng tins io Ih* hktory o^ 
to irntc about I tail, Mooftdlyp 
f Hnall mattrii Mcmd b«ftt cilouui- 
tl» QluAirAie vhiftt 1m wmiad 10 pto- 

\ It. -T,** 

Qoi«ni ^4 ft r«sid«iit of Itll- 

^(H up to tbo time of 
he attFfHied the flrat 
I of I % iad irt« 

Bl a I A ard*, from 

Mtt, btti bff liiiiaMtfJIjrm^rf m an actar 

on many important occasfons, nis his^ 
tory wais written after his retirement from 
office, and on bia death- bed committefl 
to the cure of the Hoik Jatne^} ^tudds, 
of the rnit^l States Senate, under whosa 
supervision it ha» been printetl. The 
senator rn his brief introduction touchcfi 
it d&tDtily, regretting even *■ the severity 
of some of the authorVs judgment and 
the censure with whieh he ajisaijg the 
chamcters of some of our public men," 
but what th« senator regrets, the publio 
will rejoice in, Viecau^ it m written in 
evident honeiiity and independence. Wo 
cannot fiay^ how true the ^tatemciiU of 
the tiuthor may be, but we know that wo 
havci read thetn with dthj;!it nnd profit* 

The biMtory bei^ins wjrh I he ctlVirt*t of 
the first settlers of the territory to get 
adtnitteil into the Union^ and then pii,S8(9i 
to the tirj^t orpiniztttion of the gorera- 
iiient, ^y\m% by the way a lively ai^oount 
of the French villageSj the early preach- 
er^ and the leiufiiug nion, and aeiieribiijg 
it length the protraeted t<trugj*le betwf^u 
tb« prv-tlftvery and anti>«Iavei7 fticUoofl^ 
wha«e ttruggios resulted in the pcrma* 
nent «ftablbhinent of Ulinou fta a frv« 
State* Emigrants io Kansas and Nebra»* 
ka would do well to rtul this part of th« 
work in order to Pihow lt«em bow much^ 
can be dotie by a few i^pirit^^ and det^« 
mined men* It is a curious fael that thera 
never has been but one duel m lllinoiei^ 
which took place in tH3tJ l^etwe^'U Alphon* 
ao Stewart and WiUiiun Iknnett ; Stewart 
being tshot, Bennett was hLing for murder, 
and since then no one ha^ cared tt> repf'at 
the es|*enment. The detads of nettleint?nl 
' mlwd with no littlu vividtyj 
V are not of a nature h> indoot 
ustnined to tJie Inxunewof '*tha 
to tak« up his resjdcaea in a new 

principal events of thEi hifftorf am 
.... .:.:ixk lUwk war, fr\]klb Ika lailX^K 


Editorial UTotet — American LUerature* 


between the " horse-thieves " and the 
•'regulators," showing an application of 
lynch-law on an extensire scale ; the abo- 
lition riots, in which Lovejoy was killed ; 
the expulsion of the Mormons and the 
financial embarrassments of the povcm- 
ment. The governor was himself con- 
cerned in the last three, and speaks from 
personal knowledge. A melancholy his- 
tory it is, of events inevitable perhaps in 
an unorganized and semi-civilized region, 
but insignificant as they arc in themselves, 
illusti-ating momentous principles. We are 
not sure, however, that the Mormon civil 
war can be called msignificant, because the 
same men who were the occasion of 
bloodshed in Illinois, are still on our dis- 
tant frontiers, increased in number and 
power, and more likely than ever, with 
their strange religion and customs, to 
come in oonliict with the people and the 
government. ■ That they have suffered 
great injustice is undeniable, but it is 
ficarocly less so. that they perpetrated 
many outrages to provoke ft, and unless 
the federal authorities define their politi- 
cal and civil relations to other settlers, in 
time, we shall sec in Utah a repetition of 
ihe scenes of Illinois and Missouri. It is 
not to be expected of Governor Ford, that 
lie should speak with entire impartiality 
of the Mormons, and yet wo cannot but 
think his account is fair and just in the 
main. He evidently regards them as 
superior to the bruUil mobocratsby whom 
they were so often wantonly assailed. 
His disclosures as to the coquetting of the 
various political parties and public men 
with the Mormons, are not flattering to 
those concerned. In fact, nearly all the 
troubles of the State in regard to them, 
grew out of the meanness and rascality of 
the politicians, who granted them favors 
to secure their votes, until they were 
raised into an impunity and power it was 
impossible to control. The present Judge 
Douglas of the Senate is spoken of as 
among the number of those who made 
use of the Mormons as convenient tools. 

Governor Ford has written like a disap- 
pointed man, or rather like one disgusted 
with the knavery of politics, but with an 
•evident sincerity and faithfulness. He is 
perhaps too eager to justify his own con- 
duct in the trying circumstances in which 
he was often placed, but his book is full 
of materials for thought, while his reflec- 
tions evince sagacity, uprightness and 
toievolenoe. A little more of the actual 
life of the people, and less of politics, 
would have improved it in the estimation 
of the general reader. 

— A goodf iStnijglit-ibrward, tdmh^j 

narrative we have, in tlie " Records of ' 
the Biibbleton Parish, or. papers from 
the experiences of an A nierican Minis^ 
ier^" meaning a preacher of the gospel, 
and not a foreign ambassador. 31 r. Chea- 
ter, a young clergyman, is invited to 
preach at Bubbleton, a famous town of 
New England, and he does preach, bat 
not to the satisfaction of those who pay 
him, and he consequently gets into s 
world of trouble. Mr. Peppery, a red-hot 
Garrisonian. is angry because he docs not 
thunder aprainst slavery. Mr. Fiscal 
leaves the church because he favors tem- 
perance ; and Mr. Allerton, the rich and 
respectable merchant, hints a gentle re- 
buke, because he is too earnest and prac- 
tical. In the end, however, the faithful 
pastor triumphs, although not until his 
heart is almost broken, and he is about to 
abandon the place in despair. 

There is much freshness in this book, 
and we commend it to church-goers. The 
fiery anti-slavery man Peppery, the do- 
cent Allerton. the Plush-street Preacher, 
the Kcv. Hyperion Downy, the noble- 
hearted blacksmith